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Aggressive behavior psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046178/a-psychiatric-formulary-for-long-duration-spaceflight
#1
Eric Friedman, Brian Bui
Behavioral health is essential for the safety, well-being, and performance of crewmembers in both human spaceflight and Antarctic exploration. Over the past five decades, psychiatric issues have been documented in orbital spaceflight. In Antarctica, literature suggests up to 5% of wintering crewmembers could meet criteria for a psychiatric illness, including mood disorders, stressor-related disorders, sleep-wake disorders, and substance-related disorders. Experience from these settings indicates that psychiatric disorders on deep space missions must be anticipated...
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991767/anorexia-anormal-phobia-of-normal-weight
#2
Nada Pop-Jordanova, Tatjana Zorcec, Aneta Demerdzieva
Anorexia nervosa is a disorder of feeding behavior associated with distortion of body image, mood disturbance and a wide variety of hormonal and metabolic abnormalities. It is supposed that the disease could be the consequence of a combination of cultural-social, psychological and biological factors. Our study confirmed that anorexia mentalis is a serious, life threatening disorder which in our country appears earlier than it was expected and that is strongly related to environmental factors (family, school, fashion, society)...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966574/learning-and-crf-induced-indecision-during-escape-and-submission-in-rainbow-trout-during-socially-aggressive-interactions-in-the-stress-alternatives-model
#3
Tangi R Summers, Torrie L Summers, Russ E Carpenter, Justin P Smith, Samuel L Young, Brandon Meyerink, T Zachary Orr, David H Arendt, Cliff H Summers
Socially stressful environments induce a phenotypic dichotomy of coping measures for populations in response to a dominant aggressor and given a route of egress. This submission- (Stay) or escape-oriented (Escape) dichotomy represents individual decision-making under the stressful influence of hostile social environments. We utilized the Stress-Alternatives Model (SAM) to explore behavioral factors which might predict behavioral phenotype in rainbow trout. The SAM is a compartmentalized tank, with smaller and larger trout separated by an opaque divider until social interaction, and another divider occluding a safety zone, accessible by way of an escape route only large enough for the smaller fish...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965653/alcohol-use-disorders-and-suicide-results-from-a-psychological-autopsy-study-in-australia
#4
Kairi Kõlves, Brian M Draper, John Snowdon, Diego De Leo
INTRODUCTION: People who die by suicide have a higher risk of an alcohol-use disorder (AUD) at the time of death. The present study aims to compare 1) suicide cases with and without AUD, and 2) suicide and sudden-death controls with AUD. METHODS: The psychological autopsy method was utilized to investigate suicide and sudden death in Australia (QLD and NSW). Initial information was gathered from coroners' offices. Potential informants were approached and semi-structured interviews were conducted...
November 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962070/parenting-mediates-the-impact-of-maternal-depression-on-child-internalizing-symptoms
#5
Jennie M Kuckertz, Colter Mitchell, Jillian Lee Wiggins
BACKGROUND: To examine the potential mediating role of parenting behaviors in the longitudinal, bidirectional relationships between maternal depression and child internalizing symptoms (i.e. depression and anxiety). METHODS: We analyzed data from 4,581 mother-child dyads from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, assessed when the child was 3, 5, and 9 years old. Data included maternal depression diagnosis, child internalizing symptoms, and parenting behaviors (i...
September 29, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931447/psychopathology-of-terrorists
#6
Armando Piccinni, Donatella Marazziti, Antonello Veltri
Terrorist behavior represents a subtype of human aggression probably determined by a combination of biological, psychological, and social factors, as well as by peculiar environmental influences and group dynamics. As regards terrorists' psychological characteristics, the available studies (mostly carried out with no sound scientific design) have failed to identify the common or typical pathological personality traits of modern terrorists. The popular opinion that terrorists must be insane or psychopathic is still widespread; however, no evidence exists that terrorist behavior may be caused either by prior or current psychiatric disorders or psychopathy...
September 21, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915771/low-back-pain-with-impact-at-17-years-of-age-is-predicted-by-early-adolescent-risk-factors-from-multiple-domains-analysis-of-the-western-australian-pregnancy-cohort-raine-study
#7
Anne Smith, Darren Beales, Peter O'Sullivan, Natasha Bear, Leon Straker
Study Design Prospective cohort study of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. Background Low back pain (LBP) commonly develops in adolescence and is a significant risk factor for adult LBP. A broad range of factors have been associated with the development of adolescent LBP, but prior literature has limitations related to characterization of LBP and the scope of risk factors considered. Objective This study aimed to identify potential factors contributing to the development of LBP, with and without impact, at 17 years of age, utilizing a broad range of exposures at 14 years of age...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915423/premature-psychotherapy-termination-in-an-outpatient-treatment-program-for-personality-disorders-a-survival-analysis
#8
Dominick Gamache, Claudia Savard, Sophie Lemelin, Alexandre Côté, Evens Villeneuve
OBJECTIVE: Psychological treatment for patients with personality disorders (PD) is plagued with a high proportion of early dropouts, and attempts to identify risk factors for attrition have generated very few conclusive results. The purpose of the present study is to identify significant predictors of early treatment termination in a long-term psychotherapy program for PD. METHODS: Data was retrospectively retrieved from 174 files of patients who began long-term psychotherapy in an outpatient treatment program in Quebec City, Canada...
August 9, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884268/can-a-parenting-intervention-to-prevent-early-conduct-problems-interrupt-girls-risk-for-intimate-partner-violence-10%C3%A2-years-later
#9
Miriam K Ehrensaft, Heather Knous Westfall, Phyllis Holditch Niolon, Thailyn Lopez, Dimitra Kamboukos, Keng-Yen Huang, Laurie Miller Brotman
This study tests whether a parenting intervention for families of preschoolers at risk for conduct problems can prevent later risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). Ninety-nine preschoolers at familial risk for conduct problems were randomly assigned to intervention or control conditions. Ten years later, 45 preschoolers and 43 of their siblings completed an assessment of their romantic relationships, including measures of physical and psychological IPV. The study focuses on the 54 females, including targets (n = 27) and siblings (n = 27) who participated in a 10-year follow-up (M age = 16...
September 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882156/comparative-safety-and-efficacy-of-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-the-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#10
Jennifer Watt, Zahra Goodarzi, Andrea C Tricco, Areti-Angeliki Veroniki, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are highly prevalent in patients with dementia. Both pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies are commonly used to treat these symptoms, but their comparative safety and efficacy is unknown. METHODS: We will conduct a systematic review of the published and unpublished literature to retrieve all articles pertaining to outcomes of safety and efficacy associated with pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments of BPSD for patients living in the community and institutionalized care settings...
September 7, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882104/dysphoric-symptoms-in-relation-to-other-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-among-elderly-in-nursing-homes
#11
Agnes Lindbo, Maria Gustafsson, Ulf Isaksson, Per-Olof Sandman, Hugo Lövheim
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are common and varied in the elderly. The aim of the current study was to explore associations between BPSD and dysphoric symptoms at different levels of cognitive impairment. METHODS: Assessments of 4397 elderly individuals living in nursing homes in Sweden were performed. Data on cognitive function and BPSD were collected using the Multi-Dimensional Dementia Assessment Scale (MDDAS). The relationships between dysphoria and eight BPSD factors were plotted against cognitive function to investigate how dysphoria affects BPSD throughout the dementia disease...
September 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876518/externalizing-problem-behavior-in-adolescence-parenting-interacting-with-dat1-and-drd4-genes
#12
Annelies Janssens, Wim Van Den Noortgate, Luc Goossens, Hilde Colpin, Karine Verschueren, Stephan Claes, Karla Van Leeuwen
This study extends previous gene-by-environment (G × E) research through design and methodological advances and examines alternative hypotheses of diathesis stress, vantage sensitivity, and differential susceptibility. In a sample of 984 adolescents and their parents, we examined whether effects of parental support, proactive, punitive, harsh punitive, and psychological control on externalizing problem behavior are moderated by adolescents' genotype for the dopamine transporter (DAT1) or receptor D4 (DRD4) gene...
June 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856006/effect-of-wearing-fingers-rings-on-the-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-an-exploratory-study
#13
Teruo Yokoi, Hitoshi Okamura, Tomoka Yamamoto, Katsuya Watanabe, Shigeko Yokoi, Hitoshi Atae, Masayuki Ueda, Takahiro Kuwayama, Shigekazu Sakamoto, Saaya Tomino, Hideo Fujii, Takefumi Honda, Takayosi Morita, Takafumi Yukawa, Nobuko Harada
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to examine the effects of an approach that wears finger rings on elderly females with behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. METHOD: The subjects were seven Japanese dementia patients living in elderly nursing homes. A single-case experimental design was adopted for the study. Each study subject was asked to put rings on her finger (from 9:00 to 19:00) for 7 days. The Neuropsychiatric Inventory, scenes of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, interest in wearing rings, self-awareness, and overall profile were determined to assess the effect on the patients of wearing rings...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855464/the-effects-of-quality-of-life-on-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-in-elderly-people-with-dementia-residing-at-long-term-care-facilities
#14
Mizue Suzuki, Hideyuki Hattori, Koji Fukuda, Hajime Ooshiro, Takayuki Saruhara, Yoshie Furuta, Kunihiko Abe, Masao Kanamori
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to clarify how quality of life (QOL) affects the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSDs) among elderly individuals with dementia within long-term care facilities (e.g., long-term healthcare facilities, sanatorium-type medical facilities, and special nursing homes for the elderly). METHODS: Elderly individuals with dementia were evaluated to determine their activities of daily living (ADL; Katz), Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE), Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), and Quality of life inventory for the elderly with dementia (QOLD) scores...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845519/parent-child-coregulation-of-parasympathetic-processes-varies-by-social-context-and-risk-for-psychopathology
#15
Erika Lunkenheimer, Stacey S Tiberio, Amanda M Skoranski, Kristin A Buss, Pamela M Cole
The parasympathetic nervous system supports social interaction and varies in relation to psychopathology. However, we know little about parasympathetic processes from a dyadic framework, nor in early childhood when parent-child social interactions become more complex and child psychopathology first emerges. We hypothesized that higher risk for psychopathology (maternal psychopathology symptoms and child problem behavior) would be related to weaker concordance of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) between mothers and children (M = 3½ years old; N = 47) and that these relations could vary by social contextual demands, comparing unstructured free play, semistructured cleanup, and structured teaching tasks...
August 28, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832181/treatment-of-pediatric-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-disorder-in-a-large-survey-population
#16
Denise Calaprice, Janice Tona, Tanya K Murphy
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate treatment histories and outcomes in a large community sample of youth with Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS), and, where appropriate, to examine the impact of immune deficiency on treatment outcomes. METHODS: A comprehensive internet-based survey was completed by parents or guardians of youth who had received physician diagnoses of PANS, or by young adults (age 18+) who had themselves been diagnosed by a physician (N = 698)...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826872/determinants-of-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-a-scoping-review-of-the-evidence
#17
Ann Kolanowski, Marie Boltz, Elizabeth Galik, Laura N Gitlin, Helen C Kales, Barbara Resnick, Kimberly S Van Haitsma, Amy Knehans, Jane E Sutterlin, Justine S Sefcik, Wen Liu, Darina V Petrovsky, Lauren Massimo, Andrea Gilmore-Bykovskyi, Margaret MacAndrew, Glenna Brewster, Vycki Nalls, Ying-Ling Jao, Naomi Duffort, Danny Scerpella
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are prevalent in people with neurodegenerative diseases. PURPOSE: In this scoping review the Kales, Gitlin and Lykestos framework is used to answer the question: What high quality evidence exists for the patient, caregiver and environmental determinants of five specific BPSD: aggression, agitation, apathy, depression and psychosis? METHOD: An a priori review protocol was developed; 692 of 6013 articles retrieved in the search were deemed eligible for review...
June 16, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813285/cognitive-behavioral-couple-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Norman B Epstein, Le Zheng
This article describes how cognitive-behavioral couple therapy (CBCT) provides a good fit for intervening with a range of stressors that couples experience from within and outside their relationship. It takes an ecological perspective in which a couple is influenced by multiple systemic levels. We provide an overview of assessment and intervention strategies used to modify negative behavioral interaction patterns, inappropriate or distorted cognitions, and problems with the experience and regulation of emotions...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810973/the-influence-of-combat-experience-on-psychologically-healthy-soldiers-attentiveness-to-environmental-threats
#19
Bethany Ranes, Chris P Long, Stephanie Traynham, Amanda Hayes
INTRODUCTION: In contrast to previous research that has primarily examined how psychological disorders (e.g., post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD], anxiety) are affected by and affect individuals' threat perceptions, this study examines the relationship between combat experience and threat-monitoring in psychologically healthy Soldiers. Existing research has established how prolonged or intense experiences with war-related stressors can lead individuals to undergo an unconscious fear-conditioning process that affects the circuitry of the prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, and anterior cingulate cortex regions of the brain...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767205/prevalence-and-pharmacotherapy-of-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-a-geriatric-psychiatry-unit-a-retrospective-analysis
#20
Arnim Quante, Atdhe Sulejmani
Objective: To observe (1) the proportion and nature of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in patients treated at a geriatric psychiatry ward in Germany over a time span of 1 year and (2) the use and effect of various pharmacologic interventions in managing BPSD in a real-world scenario. Methods: This study was a naturalistic, retrospective analysis. Between May 2015 and May 2016, 437 patients aged 65 to 100 years with various psychiatric diseases (including dementia, schizophrenia, and depression) were admitted to a geriatric psychiatry unit in Germany...
July 27, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
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