keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Aggressive behavior psychology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681871/handgrip-strength-as-a-darwinian-fitness-indicator-in-men
#1
REVIEW
Andrew C Gallup, Bernhard Fink
Handgrip strength (HGS) is a robust measure of overall muscular strength and function, and has long been predictive of a multitude of health factors and physical outcomes for both men and women. The fact that HGS represents such a ubiquitous measure of health and vitality may reflect the significance of this trait during human evolution. This trait is also highly sexually dimorphic due to influences of androgenic hormones and fat-free body mass, suggesting that it has been further elaborated through sexual selection...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672095/concurrent-validity-of-the-personality-assessment-screener-in-a-large-sample-of-offenders
#2
Shannon E Kelley, John F Edens, Kevin S Douglas
Mental health problems are disproportionately prevalent in forensic and correctional settings, and there have been numerous attempts to develop screening tools to evaluate individuals in such contexts. This study investigates the clinical utility of the Personality Assessment Screener (PAS; Morey, 1997), a brief self-report measure of risk for emotional and behavioral dysfunction, in a large mixed-gender offender sample (N = 1,658). The PAS is a 22-item measure derived from the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991, 2007), a more comprehensive self-report instrument widely used to assess for psychological disturbances among forensic and correctional populations...
April 2018: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651920/systemic-factors-associated-with-prosocial-skills-and-maladaptive-functioning-in-youth-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence
#3
Kathryn H Howell, Idia B Thurston, Amanda J Hasselle, Kristina Decker, Lacy E Jamison
Children are frequently present in homes in which intimate partner violence (IPV) occurs. Following exposure to IPV, children may develop behavioral health difficulties, struggle with regulating emotions, or exhibit aggression. Despite the negative outcomes associated with witnessing IPV, many children also display resilience. Guided by Bronfenbrenner's bioecological model, this study examined person-level, process-level (microsystem), and context-level (mesosystem) factors associated with positive and negative functioning among youth exposed to IPV...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651261/defining-the-construct-of-synthetic-androgen-intoxication-an-application-of-general-brain-arousal
#4
Tom Hildebrandt, Ashley Heywood, Daniel Wesley, Kurt Schulz
Synthetic androgens (i. e., anabolic-androgenic steroids) are the primary component to the majority of problematic appearance and performance enhancing drug (APED) use. Despite evidence that these substances are associated with increased risk for aggression, violence, body image disturbances, and polypharmacy and can develop a pattern of chronic use consistent with drug dependence, there are no formal definitions of androgen intoxication. Consequently, the purpose of this paper is to establish a testable theory of androgen intoxication...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649502/a-behavioral-mechanistic-investigation-of-the-role-of-5-ht-1a-receptors-in-the-mediation-of-rat-maternal-behavior
#5
Xiaonan Li, Xiaojing Ding, Ruiyong Wu, Leilei Chen, Jun Gao, Gang Hu, Ming Li
Previous work suggests that 5-HT1A receptors play a special role in rodent maternal aggression, but not in other aspects of maternal care (e.g. pup retrieval and nest building). The present study re-assessed the basic effects of 5-HT1A activation or blockade on various maternal responses in postpartum female rats. We also examined the possible behavioral mechanisms underlying the maternal effects of 5-HT1A . Sprague-Dawley mother rats were injected with a 5-HT1A agonist 8-OH-DPAT (0.1, 0.5 or 1.0 mg/kg, sc), a 5-HT1A antagonist WAY-101405 (0...
April 9, 2018: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623033/aggression-social-stress-and-the-immune-system-in-humans-and-animal-models
#6
REVIEW
Aki Takahashi, Meghan E Flanigan, Bruce S McEwen, Scott J Russo
Social stress can lead to the development of psychological problems ranging from exaggerated anxiety and depression to antisocial and violence-related behaviors. Increasing evidence suggests that the immune system is involved in responses to social stress in adulthood. For example, human studies show that individuals with high aggression traits display heightened inflammatory cytokine levels and dysregulated immune responses such as slower wound healing. Similar findings have been observed in patients with depression, and comorbidity of depression and aggression was correlated with stronger immune dysregulation...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621775/association-of-polymorphisms-of-serotonin-transporter-5httlpr-and-5-ht2c-receptor-genes-with-criminal-behavior-in-russian-criminal-offenders
#7
Valentina A Toshchakova, Yalda Bakhtiari, Alexander V Kulikov, Sergey I Gusev, Marina V Trofimova, Olga Yu Fedorenko, Ekaterina V Mikhalitskaya, Nina K Popova, Nikolay A Bokhan, Johannes E Hovens, Anton J M Loonen, Bob Wilffert, Svetlana A Ivanova
BACKGROUND: Human aggression is a heterogeneous behavior with biological, psychological, and social backgrounds. As the biological mechanisms that regulate aggression are components of both reward-seeking and adversity-fleeing behavior, these phenomena are difficult to disentangle into separate neurochemical processes. Nevertheless, evidence exists linking some forms of aggression to aberrant serotonergic neurotransmission. We determined possible associations between 6 serotonergic neurotransmission-related gene variants and severe criminal offenses...
April 5, 2018: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610548/personality-and-neural-correlates-of-mentalizing-ability
#8
Timothy A Allen, Amanda R Rueter, Samantha V Abram, James S Brown, Colin G DeYoung
Theory of mind, or mentalizing , defined as the ability to reason about another's mental states, is a crucial psychological function that is disrupted in some forms of psychopathology, but little is known about how individual differences in this ability relate to personality or brain function. One previous study linked mentalizing ability to individual differences in the personality trait Agreeableness. Agreeableness encompasses two major subdimensions: Compassion reflects tendencies toward empathy, prosocial behavior, and interpersonal concern, whereas Politeness captures tendencies to suppress aggressive and exploitative impulses...
November 2017: European Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609681/exposure-to-family-violence-and-internalizing-and-externalizing-problems-among-spanish-adolescents
#9
Ainhoa Izaguirre, Esther Calvete
Exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and child maltreatment may have devastating consequences on children's development. The aim of this research was to examine the predictive associations between exposure to violence at home (witnessing violence against the mother and/or direct victimization by the parents) and adolescent internalizing and externalizing problems. A total of 613 Spanish adolescents (13-18 years) took part in this study. Results indicate that psychological victimization by the parents predicted an increase in anxious/depressive symptoms, aggressive and rule-breaking behavior, and substance abuse at Time 2...
April 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588615/management-of-pain-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorder-tmd-challenges-and-solutions
#10
REVIEW
Alfonso Gil-Martínez, Alba Paris-Alemany, Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, Roy La Touche
Thanks to advances in neuroscience, biopsychosocial models for diagnostics and treatment (including physical, psychological, and pharmacological therapies) currently have more clinical support and scientific growth. At present, a conservative treatment approach prevails over surgery, given it is less aggressive and usually results in satisfactory clinical outcomes in mild-moderate temporomandibular disorder (TMD). The aim of this review is to evaluate the recent evidence, identify challenges, and propose solutions from a clinical point of view for patients with craniofacial pain and TMD...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577798/effects-of-art-intervention-program-for-siblings-of-children-with-cancer-a-pilot-study
#11
Myoung-Ju Jo, Sungsil Hong, Ho Ran Park
Siblings of children with cancer often experience negative feelings, and art intervention can help them express their feelings and overcome hardships. This study aimed to develop an Art Intervention Program to improve the psychological adaptation of siblings of children with cancer and to evaluate its effects. Participants were seventeen 7- to 10-year-old siblings of children with cancer. The program comprised 12 sessions conducted once a week. The effects of the intervention were assessed in terms of self-esteem, anxiety, depression, and problem behavior...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574968/predictors-of-childhood-trajectories-of-overt-and-indirect-aggression-an-interdisciplinary-approach
#12
Carla Aimé, Daniel Paquette, Michèle Déry, Pierrette Verlaan
The aim of this study was to advance our understanding of the development of aggression in boys and girls by testing a model combining insights from both evolutionary theory and developmental psychology. A sample of 744 children (348 girls) between six and 13 years old was recruited in schools with high deprivation indices. Half of the sample (N = 372; 40.1% girls) had received special educational services for behavioral and/or socio-emotional problems. Two trajectories for overt aggression and two trajectories for indirect aggression were identified and binomial logistic regressions were used to identify environmental predictors and sex-specific patterns of these trajectories...
March 25, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563886/serious-suicide-attempts-systematic-review-of-psychological-risk-factors
#13
Yari Gvion, Yossi Levi-Belz
Background: One of the main obstacles in studying suicide risk factors is the difference between cases in which the individual died by suicide and those in which the individual engaged in suicidal behavior. A promising strategy that overcomes this obstacle is the study of survivors of serious suicide attempt (SSA), i.e., an attempt that would have been lethal had it not been for the provision of rapid and effective emergency treatment. Serious suicide attempters are epidemiologically very much like those who died by suicide, and thus may serve as valid proxies for studying suicides...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563665/linking-workplace-aggression-to-employee-well-being-and-work-the-moderating-role-of-family-supportive-supervisor-behaviors-fssb
#14
Nanette L Yragui, Caitlin A Demsky, Leslie B Hammer, Sarah Van Dyck, Moni B Neradilek
Purpose: The present study examined the moderating effects of family-supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB) on the relationship between two types of workplace aggression (i.e., patient-initiated physical aggression and coworker-initiated psychological aggression) and employee well-being and work outcomes. Methodology: Data were obtained from a field sample of 417 healthcare workers in two psychiatric hospitals. Hypotheses were tested using moderated multiple regression analyses...
April 2017: Journal of Business and Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558827/choosing-fighting-competitors-among-men-testosterone-personality-and-motivations
#15
Javier I Borráz-León, Ana Lilia Cerda-Molina, Markus J Rantala, Lilian Mayagoitia-Novales
Higher testosterone levels have been positively related to a variety of social behaviors and personality traits associated with intrasexual competition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of testosterone levels and personality traits such as aggressiveness, competitiveness, and self-esteem on the task of choosing a fighting competitor (a rival) with or without a motivation to fight. In Study 1, a group of 119 men participated in a task for choosing a rival through pictures of men with high-dominant masculinity versus low-dominant masculinity...
January 2018: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548507/selling-violent-video-game-solutions-a-look-inside-the-apa-s-internal-notes-leading-to-the-creation-of-the-apa-s-2005-resolution-on-violence-in-video-games-and-interactive-media
#16
Allen Copenhaver, Christopher J Ferguson
For decades politicians, parent groups, researchers, media outlets, professionals in various fields, and laymen have debated the effects playing violent video games have on children and adolescents. In academia, there also exists a divide as to whether violent video games cause children and adolescents to be aggressive, violent, and even engage in criminal behavior. Given inconsistencies in the data, it may be important to understand the ways and the reasons why professional organizations take a stance on the violent video game effects debate which may reflect greater expressed certitude than data can support...
March 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540976/braiding-two-evidence-based-programs-for-families-at-risk-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#17
Kate Guastaferro, Betty S Lai, Katy Miller, Jenelle Shanley Chatham, Daniel J Whitaker, Shannon Self-Brown, Allison Kemner, John R Lutzker
Child maltreatment is a significant public health problem best addressed through evidence-based parent-support programs. There is a wide range of programs with different strengths offering a variety of options for families. Choosing one single evidence-based program often limits the range of services available to meet the unique needs of families. This paper presents findings from a study to examine the systematic braiding of two evidence-based programs, Parents as Teachers and SafeCare at Home (PATSCH), with the goal to provide a more robust intervention for higher risk families...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537651/predicting-dating-behavior-from-aggression-and-self-perceived-social-status-in-adolescence
#18
Kirsty S Lee, Heather Brittain, Tracy Vaillancourt
We investigated the longitudinal associations between self-reported aggression, self-perceived social status, and dating in adolescence using an intrasexual competition theoretical framework. Participants consisted of 536 students in Grade 9 (age 15), recruited from a community sample, who were assessed on a yearly basis until they were in Grade 11 (age 17). Adolescents self-reported their use of direct and indirect aggression, social status, and number of dating partners. A cross-lagged panel model that controlled for within-time covariance and across-time stability while examining cross-lagged pathways was used to analyze the data...
March 14, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528489/personality-correlates-of-intimate-partner-violence-subtypes-a-latent-class-analysis
#19
Michele Cascardi, Megan Chesin, Molly Kammen
Perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV) represent a heterogeneous group who engage in a variety of aggressive acts which often co-occur. However, few studies take this co-occurrence into consideration. Failure to consider overlapping forms of IPV confounds understanding of risk factors for physical IPV, which in turn undermines identification, prevention, and intervention efforts. Though rarely studied in emerging adults, personality variables have recently been identified as important correlates of IPV...
March 12, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519553/voices-carry-effects-of-verbal-and-physical-aggression-on-injuries-and-accident-reporting
#20
Lixin Jiang, Tahira M Probst, Wendi Benson, Jesse Byrd
Recent years have witnessed a staggeringly high number of workplace aggressive behaviors as well as employee accidents and injuries. Exposure to workplace aggression is associated with a host of negative psychological, emotional, and physiological outcomes, yet research relating workplace aggression to employee safety outcomes is lacking. This study aims to examine the association between exposure to workplace physical and verbal aggression with workplace injuries and underreporting of accidents and near misses...
March 5, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
keyword
keyword
15044
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"