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Aggressive behavior psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444154/associations-between-owner-personality-and-psychological-status-and-the-prevalence-of-canine-behavior-problems
#1
Nicholas H Dodman, Dorothy C Brown, James A Serpell
Behavioral problems are a major source of poor welfare and premature mortality in companion dogs. Previous studies have demonstrated associations between owners' personality and psychological status and the prevalence and/or severity of their dogs' behavior problems. However, the mechanisms responsible for these associations are currently unknown. Other studies have detected links between the tendency of dogs to display behavior problems and their owners' use of aversive or confrontational training methods...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441797/animal-assisted-intervention-and-dementia-a-systematic-review
#2
Michelle L Yakimicki, Nancy E Edwards, Elizabeth Richards, Alan M Beck
This review discusses the relationship between animal-assisted interventions (AAI) and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). A systematic search was conducted within CINAHL, Web of Science CAB Abstracts, PubMed, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, Google Scholar, and PsycINFO for primary research articles. A total of 32 studies were included in the final review. Variation was noted in study designs and in study setting. Twenty-seven of 32 studies used dogs as the intervention. Agitation/aggression showed a significant decrease in nine of 15 studies...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432449/naked-aggression-personality-and-portfolio-manager-performance
#3
Thomas Noe, Nir Vulkan
We provide evidence that a personality trait, aggression, has a first-order effect on group financial decision making. In a laboratory experiment on group portfolio choice, highly aggressive subjects (measured by a standard psychology test) were much more likely to recommend risky investment strategies consistent with their own personal information, regardless of the information received by other group members. Outside of this group context, aggression had no effect on subject behavior. Thus, our aggression measure appears to capture an aggressive disposition, which seeks to dominate group decisions, rather than simply reflect risk attitudes or cognitive biases...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427583/a-gut-feeling-microbiome-brain-immune-interactions-modulate-social-and-affective-behaviors
#4
REVIEW
Kristyn E Sylvia, Gregory E Demas
The expression of a wide range of social and affective behaviors, including aggression and investigation, as well as anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors, involves interactions among many different physiological systems, including the neuroendocrine and immune systems. Recent work suggests that the gut microbiome may also play a critical role in modulating behavior and likely functions as an important integrator across physiological systems. Microbes within the gut may communicate with the brain via both neural and humoral pathways, providing numerous avenues of research in the area of the gut-brain axis...
February 13, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427524/differentiating-corporal-punishment-from-physical-abuse-in-the-prediction-of-lifetime-aggression
#5
Alan R King, Abrianna Ratzak, Sage Ballantyne, Shane Knutson, Tiffany D Russell, Colton R Pogalz, Cody M Breen
Corporal punishment and parental physical abuse often co-occur during upbringing, making it difficult to differentiate their selective impacts on psychological functioning. Associations between corporal punishment and a number of lifetime aggression indicators were examined in this study after efforts to control the potential influence of various forms of co-occurring maltreatment (parental physical abuse, childhood sexual abuse, sibling abuse, peer bullying, and observed parental violence). College students (N = 1,136) provided retrospective self-reports regarding their history of aggression and levels of exposure to childhood corporal punishment and maltreatment experiences...
February 10, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415426/prevalence-and-correlates-of-cyberbullying-perpetration-findings-from-a-german-representative-student-survey
#6
Marie Christine Bergmann, Dirk Baier
Based on a survey of 9512 ninth-grade students conducted in Lower Saxony in 2013, this paper examines the prevalence of cyberbullying perpetration and the correlates of this behavior. Binary logistic multilevel regression was used in order to analyze correlates of sexual and psychological cyberbully perpetration. In the preceding semester, 2.4% of the adolescents were perpetrators of psychological cyberbullying and 0.4% bullied someone online sexually. Low levels of empathy, frequent consumption of violent media, and being victims of aggressive online behaviors are correlated with the risk that a child will become a bully...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370111/a-pilot-study-of-stress-system-activation-in-children-enrolled-in-a-targeted-prevention-program-implications-for-personalization
#7
Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, David A Klingbeil, Alaa Houri, Kathryn R Cullen, Meredith Gunlicks-Stoessel, Gerald August
Empirically validated interventions addressing childhood psychological problems are now readily available, but success likely depends in part on accurately identifying which children will benefit from which intervention. This pilot study examined the stress activation and response system, first as a way to differentiate high versus low-risk children, and second to explore indicators of the stress system associated with favorable intervention response. METHOD: Participants (N = 43, 58% male) were school-aged children who qualified for inclusion in the Early Risers "Skills for Success" Prevention Program based on their elevated levels of aggressive and/or socially withdrawn behavior and a normally developing comparison group...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368395/the-role-of-aggression-related-early-maladaptive-schemas-and-schema-modes-in-aggression-in-a-prisoner-sample
#8
Ashley L Dunne, Flora Gilbert, Stuart Lee, Michael Daffern
Contemporary social-cognitive aggression theory and extant empirical research highlights the relationship between certain Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMSs) and aggression in offenders. To date, the related construct of schema modes, which presents a comprehensive and integrated schema unit, has received scant empirical attention. Furthermore, EMSs and schema modes have yet to be examined concurrently with respect to aggressive behavior. This study examined associations between EMSs, schema modes, and aggression in an offender sample...
January 25, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307956/initial-findings-from-a-feasibility-trial-examining-the-safecare-dad-to-kids-program-with-marginalized-fathers
#9
Shannon Self-Brown, Melissa C Osborne, Betty S Lai, Natasha De Veauuse Brown, Theresa L Glasheen, Melissa C Adams
Few studies have explored the direct impact of behavioral parent training programs on child maltreatment behaviors among marginalized, at-risk fathers. This feasibility study examined SafeCare® Dad to Kids (Dad2K), an augmented version of the evidence-based child maltreatment prevention program SafeCare, to determine the acceptability and initial efficacy of the program for improving father parenting skills and reducing maltreatment risk. Ninety-nine fathers were enrolled in the study and randomized to the SafeCare Dad2K Intervention (n=51) or comparison (n=48)...
November 2017: Journal of Family Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304402/maternal-negative-emotional-expression-and-discipline-in-beijing-china-the-moderating-role-of-educational-attainment
#10
Feng Cheng, Yifang Wang, Xixian Wu, Zhuqing Su
The current study shows that parental punitive discipline places children at risk of developing internalizing and externalizing problems. Although some studies have analyzed the reasons for the use of discipline methods, little to no research has analyzed the moderating effects. In this study, we examine the relationship between maternal negative emotional expression and mothers' use of disciplinary methods (psychological aggression, corporal punishment and physical maltreatment) and the moderating effects of educational attainment in Chinese societies...
January 2, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297808/captive-management-of-wild-impala-aepyceros-melampus-during-intensive-immobilization-and-general-anesthesia-study-trials
#11
Gareth E Zeiler, Leith C R Meyer
Immobilization and anesthesia of impala ( Aepyceros melampus) has become a popular research theme. This demand is brought about by the increased need to immobilize and anesthetize impala and other medium-sized wild ungulates because of their increased value in game ranching and zoological collections. To improve our understanding of immobilization and general anesthesia in these species, it is paramount to be able to study them in a practical, safe research environment that does not cause harm or unnecessary stress to the animals...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294962/psychological-predictors-of-aggressive-behavior-among-men-and-women
#12
Cristina Stefanile, Camilla Matera, Amanda Nerini, Luisa Puddu, Rosalba Raffagnino
This study examined the relationships among attitude toward violence, self-esteem, emotion dysregulation, anger, and aggression in community men and women and male inmates. Overall, 166 community men, 197 community women, and 100 male inmates completed a battery of questionnaires containing self-reported measures. Self-esteem and attitude toward violence were significant predictors of aggressive behavior, with emotion dysregulation mediating the relationship between self-esteem and the criterion variable. Anger mediated the relationship between emotion dysregulation and aggressive behavior only among community people...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294941/the-prevalence-and-typologies-of-controlling-behaviors-in-a-general-population-sample
#13
Kate Walker, Emma Sleath, Carlo Tramontano
The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and typologies of controlling behaviors within a general population sample. Participants ( N = 427) completed the Revised Controlling Behaviors Scale and the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale. Prevalence of perpetration and victimization of controlling behaviors was relatively high, although the frequency and severity of the behaviors was mainly low level. Five clusters were established based on the use of five types of controlling behaviors: economic, threatening, intimidating, emotional, and isolating...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294910/romantic-relationship-characteristics-and-adolescent-relationship-abuse-in-a-probability-based-sample-of-youth
#14
Bruce Taylor, Hannah Joseph, Elizabeth Mumford
This study examines the longitudinal association between baseline adolescent romantic relationship characteristics and later adolescent relationship abuse (ARA). Data are from the first two waves of the National Survey on Teen Relationships and Intimate Violence (STRiV). Girls and boys ages 10 to 18 were recruited randomly from the children of adults participating in a larger national household probability sample panel. About three quarters of the sample identified as White, non-Hispanic. Controlling behavior by a romantic partner consistently predicted later ARA...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294885/intimate-partner-violence-and-controlling-behavior-among-male-same-sex-relationships-in-china-relationship-with-ambivalent-sexism
#15
Diandian Li, Lijun Zheng
In this study, we examined intimate partner violence (IPV), cold violence, and controlling behaviors in male same-sex relationships in China, with a focus on the characteristics of IPV and controlling behaviors, and their relationships with ambivalent sexism. IPV was categorized as psychological aggression, physical injury, physical assault, and sexual coercion and was measured using the revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2), an eight-item scale measuring cold violence that was designed specifically for this study...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294732/individual-versus-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-partner-violent-men-a-preliminary-randomized-trial
#16
Christopher M Murphy, Christopher I Eckhardt, Judith M Clifford, Adam D Lamotte, Laura A Meis
A randomized clinical trial tested the hypothesis that a flexible, case formulation-based, individual treatment approach integrating motivational interviewing strategies with cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) is more efficacious than a standardized group cognitive-behavioral approach (GCBT) for perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). Forty-two men presenting for services at a community domestic violence agency were randomized to receive 20 sessions of ICBT or a 20-week group cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) program...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289659/elevated-aggressive-behavior-in-male-mice-with-thyroid-specific-prkar1a-and-global-epac1-gene-deletion
#17
Kathryn L G Russart, Danielle Huk, Randy J Nelson, Lawrence S Kirschner
Alterations in circulating thyroid hormone concentrations are associated with several psychological and behavioral disorders. In humans, behavioral disorders such as anxiety, depression, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder can be associated with thyroid disease. The Tpo-Cre;Prkar1aflox/flox;Epac1-/- (R1A-Epac1KO) mice, originally bred to investigate the role of exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac1) in follicular thyroid cancer, displayed self-mutilating and aggressive behaviors during casual observation...
December 28, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284828/aggressive-behavior-and-short-long-polymorphisms-of-monoamine-oxidase-a-an-example-of-effect-of-genetic-molecular-mass-change-in-psychological-medicine
#18
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279226/anger-and-aggression-treatments-a-review-of-meta-analyses
#19
REVIEW
Amy Hyoeun Lee, Raymond DiGiuseppe
In the last several decades, researchers have begun to recognize dysregulated anger as a common and debilitating psychological problem among various psychiatric populations. Accordingly, the treatment of anger and aggression has received increasing attention in the literature. The current article reviews existing meta-analyses of psychosocial intervention for anger and aggression with the aims of (1) synthesizing current research evidence for these interventions, and (2) identifying interventions characteristics associated with effectiveness in specific populations of interest...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279223/the-roots-of-intimate-partner-violence
#20
REVIEW
David S Chester, C Nathan DeWall
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a paradoxical combination of affection and aggression. So why do people show an all-too-frequent tendency to harm their loved ones? Towards answering this question, we review a broad literature that explicates the ultimate and proximate roots of IPV perpetration. At the ultimate level, IPV perpetration is likely to be the result of evolutionary and socio-structural forces. Theories of aggression are then brought to bear in order to articulate the proximal sequence of psychological processes that magnify and constrain IPV...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
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