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personalized oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646744/systematic-biobanking-novel-imaging-techniques-and-advanced-molecular-analysis-for-precise-tumor-diagnosis-and-therapy-the-polish-mobit-project
#1
Jacek Niklinski, Adam Kretowski, Marcin Moniuszko, Joanna Reszec, Anna Michalska-Falkowska, Magdalena Niemira, Michal Ciborowski, Radoslaw Charkiewicz, Dorota Jurgilewicz, Miroslaw Kozlowski, Rodryg Ramlau, Cezary Piwkowski, Miroslaw Kwasniewski, Monika Kaczmarek, Andrzej Ciereszko, Tomasz Wasniewski, Robert Mroz, Wojciech Naumnik, Ewa Sierko, Magdalena Paczkowska, Joanna Kisluk, Anetta Sulewska, Adam Cybulski, Zenon Mariak, Boguslaw Kedra, Jacek Szamatowicz, Paweł Kurzawa, Lukasz Minarowski, Angelika Edyta Charkiewicz, Barbara Mroczko, Jolanta Malyszko, Christian Manegold, Lothar Pilz, Heike Allgayer, Mohammed L Abba, Hartmut Juhl, Frauke Koch
Personalized and precision medicine is gaining recognition due to the limitations by standard diagnosis and treatment; many areas of medicine, from cancer to psychiatry, are moving towards tailored and individualized treatment for patients based on their clinical characteristics and genetic signatures as well as novel imaging techniques. Advances in whole genome sequencing have led to identification of genes involved in a variety of diseases. Moreover, biomarkers indicating severity of disease or susceptibility to treatment are increasingly being characterized...
June 21, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646457/national-survey-among-radiation-oncology-residents-related-to-their-needs-in-geriatric-oncology
#2
Rachel Leifer, Bonnie Bristow, Martine Puts, Shabbir Alibhai, Xingshan Cao, Barbara-Ann Millar, Meredith Giuliani, Tina Hsu, Maureen Trudeau, Rajin Mehta, Ines Menjak, Mireille Norris, Barbara Liu, Francois Gallant, Ewa Szumacher
Currently, there is no formal curriculum addressing geriatric oncology within Canadian radiation oncology (RO) residency programs. Knowledge related to geriatric medicine may help radiation oncologists modify RT based on frailty status and geriatric considerations. Understanding specific learning needs allow program coordinators to align the current curriculum with residents' geriatric oncology learning needs. The purpose of this study is to determine the geriatric oncology educational needs of the Canadian RO residents and to inform Canadian RO residency training...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642940/mass-spectrometry-imaging-for-clinical-research-latest-developments-applications-and-current-limitations
#3
REVIEW
Pierre-Maxence Vaysse, Ron M A Heeren, Tiffany Porta, Benjamin Balluff
Mass spectrometry is being used in many clinical research areas ranging from toxicology to personalized medicine. Of all the mass spectrometry techniques, mass spectrometry imaging (MSI), in particular, has continuously grown towards clinical acceptance. Significant technological and methodological improvements have contributed to enhance the performance of MSI recently, pushing the limits of throughput, spatial resolution, and sensitivity. This has stimulated the spread of MSI usage across various biomedical research areas such as oncology, neurological disorders, cardiology, and rheumatology, just to name a few...
June 23, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641762/laparoscopic-versus-robotic-surgery-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-the-first-46-consecutive-cases
#4
Paolo Magistri, Giuseppe Tarantino, Cristiano Guidetti, Giacomo Assirati, Tiziana Olivieri, Roberto Ballarin, Andrea Coratti, Fabrizio Di Benedetto
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma has a growing incidence worldwide, and represents a leading cause of death in patients with cirrhosis. Nowadays, minimally invasive approaches are spreading in every field of surgery and in liver surgery as well. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed demographics, clinical, and pathologic characteristics and short-term outcomes of patients who had undergone minimally invasive resections for hepatocellular carcinoma at our institution between June 2012 and May 2016...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636540/implementation-and-utilization-of-the-molecular-tumor-board-to-guide-precision-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Shuko Harada, Rebecca Arend, Qian Dai, Jessica A Levesque, Thomas S Winokur, Rongjun Guo, Martin J Heslin, Lisle Nabell, L Burt Nabors, Nita A Limdi, Kevin A Roth, Edward E Partridge, Gene P Siegal, Eddy S Yang
BACKGROUND: With rapid advances in genomic medicine, the complexity of delivering precision medicine to oncology patients across a university health system demanded the creation of a Molecular Tumor Board (MTB) for patient selection and assessment of treatment options. The objective of this report is to analyze our progress to date and discuss the importance of the MTB in the implementation of personalized medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were reviewed in the MTB for appropriateness for comprehensive next generation sequencing (NGS) cancer gene set testing based on set criteria that were in place...
June 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634734/exploring-the-digital-technology-preferences-of-teenagers-and-young-adults-tya-with-cancer-and-survivors-a-cross-sectional-service-evaluation-questionnaire
#6
Esha Abrol, Mike Groszmann, Alexandra Pitman, Rachael Hough, Rachel M Taylor, Golnar Aref-Adib
PURPOSE: Digital technology has the potential to support teenagers and young adults (TYAs) with cancer from the onset of their disease into survivorship. We aimed to establish (1) the current pattern of use of TYA digital technologies within our service-user population, and (2) their preferences regarding digital information and support within the service. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered as a paper and online self-completed questionnaire to TYAs aged 13-24 accessing outpatient, inpatient, and day care cancer services at a regional specialist centre over a 4-week period...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628155/-3d-printed-template-assisted-and-computed-tomography-image-guided-125-iodine-seed-implantation-for-supraclavicular-metastatic-tumor-a-dosimetric-study
#7
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To compare the dosimetric data between the preoperative plans and postoperative verification in personalized 3D printed template-assisted and computed tomography (CT) image-guided 125-iodine seed implantation for supraclavicular metastatic tumor, and to evaluate the accuracy and feasibility at the dosimetry level. METHODS: A total of 14 patients with supraclavicular metastatic tumor (including 15 lesions) who received 3D printed template assisted and CT image-guided 125-iodine seed implantation in Department of Radiation Oncology of Peking University Third Hospital from January to September 2016 were enrolled...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625545/screening-for-psychological-distress-a-new-approach-to-identify-the-patient-s-psychological-needs-in-a-pilot-study-on-oral-cancer-patients
#8
Franziska Sisolefsky, Madiha Rana, Philipp Y Herzberg, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Majeed Rana
OBJECTIVE: A new screening tool has been developed to predict the psychological needs of patients with oral cancer. METHOD: The new screening method was developed inductively. Screening was pretested using interviews and implemented with 71 patients with oral cancer. Factor analysis was carried out to shorten the questionnaire. RESULTS: Negative and positive aspects explain forty per cent of the variance in distress, which should be adequate for a first screening...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615159/mobile-health-in-oncology-a-patient-survey-about-app-assisted-cancer-care
#9
Kerstin Anne Kessel, Marco Me Vogel, Carmen Kessel, Henning Bier, Tilo Biedermann, Helmut Friess, Peter Herschbach, Rüdiger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Bernhard Meyer, Marion Kiechle, Ulrich Keller, Christian Peschel, Roland M Schmid, Stephanie E Combs
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, the health care sector has been enriched by numerous innovations such as apps and connected devices that assist users in weight reduction and diabetes management. However, only a few native apps in the oncological context exist, which support patients during treatment and aftercare. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze patients' acceptance regarding app use and to investigate the functions of an oncological app that are most required, and the primary reasons for patients to refuse app-assisted cancer care...
June 14, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611039/chemoprevention-uptake-among-women-with-atypical-hyperplasia-and-lobular-and-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ
#10
Meghna S Trivedi, Austin M Coe, Alejandro Vanegas, Rita Kukafka, Katherine Crew
Women with atypical hyperplasia (AH) and lobular or ductal carcinoma in situ (LCIS/DCIS) are at increased risk of developing invasive breast cancer. Chemoprevention with selective estrogen receptor modulators or aromatase inhibitors can reduce breast cancer risk; however, uptake is estimated to be less than 15% in these populations. We sought to determine which factors are associated with chemoprevention uptake in a population of women with AH, LCIS, and DCIS. Women diagnosed with AH/LCIS/DCIS between 2007 and 2015 without a history of invasive breast cancer were identified (n=1719)...
June 13, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608763/identifying-clinical-risk-in-low-grade-gliomas-and-appropriate-treatment-strategies-with-special-emphasis-on-the-role-of-surgery
#11
Sébastien Boissonneau, Hugues Duffau
Diffuse low-grade glioma (DLGG) is a chronic tumoral disease that ineluctably grows, migrates along white matter pathways, and progresses to a higher grade of malignancy. Areas covered: To determine the best individualized treatment attitude for each DLGG patient, and to redefine it over the years, i.e. to optimize the "onco-functional balance" of serial and multimodal therapies, the understanding of the natural history of this chronic disease is crucial but not sufficient. A paradigmatic shift is to tailor the individual management according to the dynamic relationships between DLGG course and neural remodeling...
June 13, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606972/patient-driven-second-opinions-in-oncology-a-systematic-review
#12
Marij A Hillen, Niki M Medendorp, Joost G Daams, Ellen M A Smets
BACKGROUND: Although patient-driven second opinions are increasingly sought in oncology, the desirability of this trend remains unknown. Therefore, this systematic review assesses evidence on the motivation for and frequency of requests for second opinions and examines how they evolve and their consequences for oncological practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant databases were sought using the terms "cancer," "second opinion," and "self-initiated." Included were peer-reviewed articles that reported on patient-initiated second opinions within oncology...
June 12, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604320/audits-of-oncology-units-an-effective-and-pragmatic-approach
#13
Raymond Pierre Abratt, David Eedes, Belinda Bailey, Chris Salmon, Yogi Govender, Ivan Oelofse, Henriette Burger
BACKGROUND: Audits of oncology units are part of all quality-assurance programmes. However, they do not always come across as pragmatic and helpful to staff. OBJECTIVE: To report on the results of an online survey on the usefulness and impact of an audit process for oncology units. METHODS: Staff in oncology units who were part of the audit process completed the audit self-assessment form for the unit. This was followed by a visit to each unit by an assessor, and then subsequent personal contact, usually via telephone...
May 24, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602406/cancer-in-the-elderly-moving-the-needle-toward-evidence-based-personalized-oncology
#14
EDITORIAL
Martine Extermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600646/increased-fdg-uptake-on-late-treatment-pet-in-non-tumour-affected-oesophagus-is-prognostic-for-pathological-complete-response-and-disease-recurrence-in-patients-undergoing-neoadjuvant-radiochemotherapy
#15
Sebastian Zschaeck, Frank Hofheinz, Klaus Zöphel, Rebecca Bütof, Christina Jentsch, Julia Schmollack, Steffen Löck, Jörg Kotzerke, Gustavo Baretton, Jürgen Weitz, Michael Baumann, Mechthild Krause
PURPOSE: Early side effects including oesophagitis are potential prognostic factors in patients undergoing radiochemotherapy (RCT) for locally advanced oesophageal cancer (LAEC). We assessed the prognostic value of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake within irradiated non-tumour-affected oesophagus (NTO) during restaging positron emission tomography (PET) as a surrogate for inflammation/oesophagitis. METHODS: This retrospective evaluation included 64 patients with LAEC who had completed neoadjuvant RCT and had successful oncological resection...
June 9, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597183/discrepancies-between-nccn-and-esmo-guidelines-in-the-management-of-anal-cancer-a-qualitative-review
#16
REVIEW
Natalie Johnson, Gianluca Pellino, Constantinos Simillis, Shengyang Qiu, Stella Nikolaou, Daniel L Baird, Shahnawaz Rasheed, Paris P Tekkis, Christos Kontovounisios
There is an ever-growing need, with the ongoing developments in research and the progress towards patient centered care, to delineate standardized protocols of management of anal cancer. However, guidelines from different societies show some degree of disagreement. This is a systematic review of the literature to identify similarities and discrepancies between the guidelines for the management of anal cancer drafted by the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) and by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN)...
June 8, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597119/highlights-lecture-eanm-2016-embracing-molecular-imaging-and-multi-modal-imaging-a-smart-move-for-nuclear-medicine-towards-personalized-medicine
#17
REVIEW
Eric O Aboagye, Françoise Kraeber-Bodéré
The 2016 EANM Congress took place in Barcelona, Spain, from 15 to 19 October under the leadership of Prof. Wim Oyen, chair of the EANM Scientific Committee. With more than 6,000 participants, this congress was the most important European event in nuclear medicine, bringing together a multidisciplinary community involved in the different fields of nuclear medicine. There were over 600 oral and 1,200 poster or e-Poster presentations with an overwhelming focus on development and application of imaging for personalized care, which is timely for the community...
June 8, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594662/patient-derived-tumor-xenografts-of-lymphoproliferative-disorders-are-they-surrogates-for-the-human-disease
#18
Marco Pizzi, Giorgio Inghirami
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patient-derived tumor xenografts (PDTXs) have emerged as powerful platforms in medical oncology. A plethora of PDTXs were generated to study solid cancers, but limited data are as yet available on hematological diseases. The aim of this review is to describe the state of art of lymphoma PDTXs, discussing future directions for the development of integrated/personalized cancer programs. RECENT FINDINGS: In the last decades, several PDTXs of lymphoproliferative disorders have been produced...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594589/mek-inhibitors-in-oncology-a-patent-review-2015-present
#19
Debarshi Kar Mahapatra, Vivek Asati, Sanjay Kumar Bharti
The RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathways have been identified as promising therapeutic targets for cancer therapy. Over-activation of these pathways and their components including gene mutations has been considered as one of the major causes of melanoma. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK) is a downstream kinase of RAS pathway found in two different forms MEK1/2. The MEK inhibitors in combination with other kinase/mutant gene inhibitors have shown promising results in patients with metastatic melanoma...
June 19, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592070/-the-progression-of-tumor-liquid-biopsy-and-its-applications-in-precision-medicine
#20
S H Zhang, Y Liu, B Liu, Z F Jiang
Malignant tumor is the most heterogeneous human disease, and it has been gradually reached the consensus in clinical oncology that the personalized treatment of tumor patients should be directed by molecular diagnostics. However, the ever-changing characteristic of tumor in heterogeneity and the fact that tissue samples are usually unavailable highlight the function and significant of liquid biopsy. The material that could be used in liquid biopsy are mainly the circulating tumor DNA, circulating tumor cells and extracellular vesicles, which though have their own advantages and disadvantages, but could complement to each other, thus accurately and comprehensively reflecting the characteristic of the tumor and gave the best direction for patient's individualized therapy...
June 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
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