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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437731/children-and-adolescents-facing-a-continuous-security-threat-aggressive-behavior-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#1
Orit Nuttman-Shwartz
There is extensive research evidence indicating that children and youth are the most vulnerable population for developing psychological symptoms relating to war and terror. Although studies have documented a wide range of detrimental emotional and behavioral effects of such exposure, much less is known about the effects of exposure to a continuous security threat for children and adolescents. Against this background, the current article examined the implications of continuous exposure to missile attacks among 1096 children and adolescents enrolled in public schools near the Israeli border with Gaza...
April 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428145/prior-treadmill-exercise-promotes-resilience-to-vicarious-trauma-in-rats
#2
Camila Kochi, Hesong Liu, Safiyya Zaidi, Fatin Atrooz, Phoebe Dantoin, Samina Salim
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious psychological condition, which can develop both from physically experiencing and also from witnessing traumatic events. There is evidence that physical exercise can have a positive impact on the symptoms of PTSD. Relevant to this, in our previous pre-clinical work, beneficial effects of treadmill exercise were reported on PTSD-like behaviors in a social defeat paradigm, a rat model of direct physical trauma. However, the role of exercise on vicariously acquired PTSD-like phenotype was not examined...
April 17, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424380/-schizotypy-detachment-or-magical-fusion
#3
János Kállai, Mária Simon, István Hartung, Béla Birkás, Róbert Herold
Nowadays, both in the clinical population, and in general communities, we tend to encounter an increasing number of personality disorder patients, whose social adjustment, partnerships and efficient life management is made difficult by the disorder. The ideas of borderline personality disorder patients, who fluctuate between farfetched expectations and fears of their selves being demolished, schizoid patients, who close their selves in their own alienating prison, avoidant patients, who try to escape difficulties, which would enhance their self-esteem, OCD patients, who build their own mythic superstitious world, and antisocial patients who tend to ignore and aggressively override others' interests are all important in the development of cultures with insecure identities...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424072/prevalence-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-its-association-with-symptoms-of-depression-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-a-female-population-sample-in-sweden
#4
Solveig Lövestad, Jesper Löve, Marjan Vaez, Gunilla Krantz
BACKGROUND: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is the most common type of violence targeting women. IPV includes acts of physical aggression, sexual coercion, psychological abuse and controlling behaviors and these forms of violence often coexist in the same relationship. Living with IPV is associated with serious mental health outcomes such as depression and depressive symptoms. Few population based studies from Sweden have investigated the relationship between different forms of IPV and women's depressive symptoms and even fewer used controlling behavior as an independent variable in such studies...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423138/intimate-partner-violence-and-maternal-educational-practice
#5
Josianne Maria Mattos da Silva, Marília de Carvalho Lima, Ana Bernarda Ludermir
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyze the association between intimate partner violence against women and maternal educational practice directed to children at the beginning of formal education. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, carried out between 2013 and 2014, with 631 mother/child pairs, registered in the Family Health Strategy of the Health District II of the city of Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. It integrates a prospective cohort study designed to investigate the consequences of exposure to intimate partner violence in relation to the child who was born between 2005 and 2006...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418719/the-incremental-validity-of-self-report-and-performance-based-methods-for-assessing-hostility-to-predict-cardiovascular-disease-in-physicians
#6
Gregory J Meyer, Nicholas J Katko, Joni L Mihura, Michael J Klag, Lucy A Meoni
We evaluated the utility of an integrative, multimethod approach for assessing hostility-related constructs to predict premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and premature coronary heart disease (CHD) using participants from the Johns Hopkins Precursors Study, which was designed to identify risk factors for heart disease. Participants were assessed at baseline while in medical school from 1946 to 1962 (M age = 24.6) and have been followed annually since then. Baseline assessment included individually administered Rorschach protocols (N = 416) scored for aggressive imagery (i...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403690/exploring-the-relationship-between-victims-and-witnesses-of-aggression-and-anger-expression-in-thai-adolescents
#7
Nualnong Wongtongkam, Paul Russell Ward, Andrew Day, Anthony Harold Winefield
OBJECTIVE: Young people who are victims of, or witnesses to, aggression are at increased risk of developing a psychological disorder and behaving aggressively themselves. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of exposure to aggression in a sample of 1 770 students, aged 15-26 years recruited from technical colleges in Thailand. METHOD: Self-report questionnaires were used to assess the prevalence rates for both experiencing aggression as a victim and for witnessing an aggressive incident...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398126/a-multifactorial-and-integrative-approach-to-impulsivity-in-neuropsychology-insights-from-the-upps-model-of-impulsivity
#8
Lucien Rochat, Joël Billieux, Jean Gagnon, Martial Van der Linden
Risky and excessive behaviors, such as aggressive and compulsive behaviors, are frequently described in patients with brain damage and have dramatic psychosocial consequences. Although there is strong evidence that impulsivity constitutes a key factor at play in these behaviors, the literature about impulsivity in neuropsychology is to date scarce. In addition, examining and understanding these problematic behaviors requires the assumption that impulsivity is a multidimensional construct. Consequently, this article aims at shedding light on frequent risky and excessive behaviors in patients with brain damage by focusing on a unified, comprehensive, and well-validated model, namely, the UPPS model of impulsivity...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390864/an-acute-social-defeat-stressor-in-early-puberty-increases-susceptibility-to-social-defeat-in-adulthood
#9
Anna M Rosenhauer, Katharine E McCann, Alisa Norvelle, Kim L Huhman
Syrian hamsters readily display territorial aggression; if they lose even a single agonistic encounter, however, hamsters show striking reductions in aggressive behavior and increases in submissive behavior, a distinct behavioral change that we have previously termed conditioned defeat. This acute social defeat stressor is primarily psychological and is effective in both males and females. Therefore, we maintain that this procedure presents an ideal model for studying behavioral and physiological responses to social stress...
April 5, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384939/up-the-duff-with-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-the-traumas-and-the-dilemmas
#10
Sheeba Marwah, Harsha Shailesh Gaikwad, Ritin Mohindra, Manjula Sharma
Lymphoma is fourth most frequent malignancy diagnosed prenatally (~1:6000 cases), with Hodgkin's Lymphoma (HL) forming the major chunk. However, in recent times, there has been an increase in occurrence of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) due to late child bearing age and high incidence of AIDS-related NHL in developing countries. Managing NHL in pregnancy involves intricate medical, ethical and psychological issues. Diagnostic and treatment delays may influence the prognosis for indolent cases. Seen the complexity of the management decisions associated with NHL, interdisciplinary and individualized approach becomes imperative for each woman...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378347/the-effectiveness-of-massage-and-touch-on-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-a-quantitative-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Jie Wu, Yi Wang, Zhiwen Wang
BACKGROUND: Many original studies have explored the effectiveness of massage and touch on behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. However, the study design, interventions, measurements and outcomes varied among studies. AIM: To systematically evaluate the effectiveness of massage and touch on the behavioral and psychological symptoms of older people with dementia. DESIGN: A quantitative systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, The Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Library, PubMed, CINAHL, ProQuest Health & Medical Complete, SinoMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang were searched from the date the database established to January 2016...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377723/multiple-psychopharmacological-effects-of-the-traditional-japanese-kampo-medicine-yokukansan-and-the-brain-regions-it-affects
#12
REVIEW
Kazushige Mizoguchi, Yasushi Ikarashi
Yokukansan (YKS), a traditional Japanese Kampo medicine, has indications for use in night crying and irritability in children, as well as neurosis and insomnia. It is currently also used for the remedy of the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), such as aggressiveness, agitation, and hallucinations. In parallel with clinical evidence, a significant amount of fundamental researches have been undertaken to clarify the neuropsychopharmacological efficacies of YKS, with approximately 70 articles, including our own, being published to date...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366983/distress-tolerance-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-men-in-substance-use-treatment
#13
Ryan C Shorey, Catherine Strauss, JoAnna Elmquist, Scott Anderson, Tara L Cornelius, Gregory L Stuart
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is overrepresented among men in substance use treatment. Individuals who relapse following substance use treatment report greater IPV perpetration relative to individuals who remain remitted. In addition, distress tolerance has been shown to be an important treatment target in substance use treatment, with distress tolerance predicting relapse following treatment. However, we are unaware of any research that has examined the relationship between distress tolerance and IPV among men in substance use treatment, which may hold important treatment implications...
April 2017: Journal of Family Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361392/noninvasive-follicular-thyroid-neoplasm-with-papillary-like-nuclear-features-historical-context-diagnosis-and-future-challenges
#14
REVIEW
Bin Xu, Giovanni Tallini, Ronald A Ghossein
The encapsulated/well-demarcated non-invasive form of follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC) that occurs annually in 45,000 patients worldwide was thought for 30 years to be a carcinoma. Many studies have now shown almost no recurrence in these non-invasive tumors, even in patients treated by surgery without radioactive iodine therapy. The categorization of the tumor as cancer has led to aggressive forms of treatment, with their side effects, financial costs, and the psychological and social impact of a cancer diagnosis...
March 30, 2017: Endocrine Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344567/does-hunger-contribute-to-socioeconomic-gradients-in-behavior
#15
Daniel Nettle
Recent research has uncovered many examples of socioeconomic gradients in behavior and psychological states. As yet there is no theoretical consensus on the nature of the causal processes that produce these gradients. Here, I present the hunger hypothesis, namely the claim that part of the reason that people of lower socioeconomic position behave and feel as they do is that they are relatively often hungry. The hunger hypothesis applies in particular to impulsivity-hyperactivity, irritability-aggression, anxiety, and persistent narcotic use, all of which have been found to show socioeconomic gradients...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338224/adolescent-externalizing-behaviour-psychological-control-and-peer-rejection-transactional-links-and-dopaminergic-moderation
#16
Annelies Janssens, Wim Van Den Noortgate, Luc Goossens, Karine Verschueren, Hilde Colpin, Stephan Claes, Martijn Van Heel, Karla Van Leeuwen
This study investigated (1) reciprocal links among parental psychological control, peer rejection, and adolescent externalizing (aggressive and rule-breaking behaviour), and (2) the moderating effect of an adolescent genetic factor (biologically informed polygenic score for dopamine signalling). Three-year longitudinal data from 1,116 adolescents (51% boys; M age = 13.79) and their parents included psychological measures (adolescent-reported psychological control, peer-reported rejection, and parent-reported aggressive and rule-breaking behaviour)...
March 24, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333743/climate-change-and-mental-health
#17
Janna Trombley, Stephanie Chalupka, Laura Anderko
: Climate change is an enormous challenge for our communities, our country, and our world. Recently much attention has been paid to the physical impacts of climate change, including extreme heat events, droughts, extreme storms, and rising sea levels. However, much less attention has been paid to the psychological impacts. This article examines the likely psychological impacts of climate change, including anxiety, stress, and depression; increases in violence and aggression; and loss of community identity. Nurses can play a vital role in local and regional climate strategies by preparing their patients, health care facilities, and communities to effectively address the anticipated mental health impacts of climate change...
April 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330702/-exploratory-population-study-of-overweight-and-obese-subjects-perceptions-searching-for-improved-management-practices
#18
C Crutze, B Pétré, N Dardenne, A-F Donneau, S Streel, A Albert, A Scheen, E Husson, M Guillaume
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are major public health problems of growing concern. Few studies have investigated the representations and perceptions of subjects with overweight and obesity, especially in the general population, as compared to people in a medical weight loss process. The objective of this study was to fill this gap by enabling participants to express their feelings and experience about their overweight, and to assess the extent of the body mass index (BMI) as a determinant of these perceptions...
March 19, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326056/child-negative-emotionality-and-parental-harsh-discipline-in-chinese-preschoolers-the-different-mediating-roles-of-maternal-and-paternal-anxiety
#19
Xiaopei Xing, Hongli Zhang, Shuhui Shao, Meifang Wang
Previous research has suggested that harsh discipline is still prevalent in modern Chinese families and it is necessary to explore the cause and the potential mechanisms of Chinese parental use of harsh discipline. This study examined the mediating effects of parental anxiety in the relations between child negative emotionality and parental harsh discipline in China. Using a sample of 328 Chinese father-mother dyads with their young children, findings revealed that maternal anxiety mediated the relations between child negative emotionality and maternal psychological aggression and corporal punishment, but the mediating effects of paternal anxiety on the relations between child negative emotionality and paternal harsh discipline was not significant...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321191/palmitoylethanolamide-reduces-neuropsychiatric-behaviors-by-restoring-cortical-electrophysiological-activity-in-a-mouse-model-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Francesca Guida, Serena Boccella, Monica Iannotta, Danilo De Gregorio, Catia Giordano, Carmela Belardo, Rosaria Romano, Enza Palazzo, Maria A Scafuro, Nicola Serra, Vito de Novellis, Francesco Rossi, Sabatino Maione, Livio Luongo
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents a major public health problem, which is associated with neurological dysfunction. In severe or moderate cases of TBI, in addition to its high mortality rate, subjects may encounter diverse behavioral dysfunctions. Previous reports suggest that an association between TBI and chronic pain syndromes tends to be more common in patients with mild forms of brain injury. Despite causing minimal brain damage, mild TBI (mTBI) often leads to persistent psychologically debilitating symptoms, which can include anxiety, various forms of memory and learning deficits, and depression...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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