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Aggression psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542281/gait-asymmetry-ankle-spasticity-and-depression-as-independent-predictors-of-falls-in-ambulatory-stroke-patients
#1
Ta-Sen Wei, Peng-Ta Liu, Liang-Wey Chang, Sen-Yung Liu
BACKGROUND: Falls are the leading cause of injury in stroke patients. However, the cause of a fall is complicated, and several types of risk factors are involved. Therefore, a comprehensive model to predict falls with high sensitivity and specificity is needed. METHODS: This study was a prospective study of 112 inpatients in a rehabilitation ward with follow-up interviews in patients' homes. Evaluations were performed 1 month after stroke and included the following factors: (1) status of cognition, depression, fear of fall and limb spasticity; (2) functional assessments [walking velocity and the Functional Independence Measure (FIM)]; and (3) objective, computerized gait and balance analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540038/effectiveness-of-paliperidone-depot-injection-in-seriously-violent-men-with-comorbid-schizophrenia-and-dissocial-personality-disorder-in-a-uk-high-security-hospital
#2
Anna-Marie Mortlock, Fintan Larkin, Callum C Ross, Nitin Gupta, Samrat Sengupta, Mrigendra Das
BACKGROUND: High-security hospital patients are often complex in presentation and are characterized by treatment resistance, medication nonadherence and history of violence. Paliperidone is licensed both as an oral and depot antipsychotic medication in the treatment of schizophrenia. Clinical trials have shown that paliperidone depot is well tolerated with similar efficacy to risperidone depot but with additional practical advantages. Whilst data exist for the effectiveness of paliperidone palmitate (PP), there are no studies involving patients in forensic settings or those with comorbid personality disorder...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522978/change-during-psychotherapy-through-sand-play-tray-in-children-that-have-been-sexually-abused
#3
María D L Angeles Tornero, Claudia Capella
This paper presents the results of a qualitative study on the use of sandplay, or sand tray therapy, in the psychotherapeutic process of children who have been sexually abused. A longitudinal study was carried out with seven participants between the ages of 7 and 10 years old. Data was produced during observation of the therapeutic activity over the course of three different phases of treatment, using a rubric created especially for this observation. Three sandplay sessions were recorded: one at the start of therapy, one at the 3-month mark, and the third and final session after 6 months of treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516856/dating-violence-perpetration-associations-with-early-maladaptive-schemas
#4
Ryan C Shorey, Catherine Strauss, Heather Zapor, Gregory L Stuart
Violence between dating couples is a serious and prevalent problem among college students (Shorey, Cornelius, & Bell, 2008). Social-cognitive theories of aggression (e.g., Berkowitz, 1990) propose that perpetrators may have more maladaptive cognitive schemas that increase risk for aggression than non-perpetrators. Thus, this study examined differences between perpetrators and non-perpetrators of dating violence on early maladaptive schemas, which are rigidly held cognitive and behavioral patterns that guide how individuals encode and respond to stimuli in their environments (Young, Klosko, & Weishaar, 2003)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515544/the-importance-of-cholesterol-in-psychopathology-a-review-of-recent-contributions
#5
REVIEW
Henrique Pereira
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe systematically recent studies that show the importance of cholesterol in psychopathology. METHODS: This study was a review. The following databases were searched for relevant published articles on human studies: MEDLINE, Web of Science, EBSCOhost Academic Search Complete, and Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection (papers from January 2012 to March 2016). RESULTS: Eighteen recent papers were selected, and thematic dimensions showing correlations between cholesterol and behavioral and psychopathological variables were depression, suicide, personality, and aggression...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507609/depression-and-alexithymia-on-weight-perception-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-type-2-diabetes
#6
Maria Cristina de Oliveira Regina, Marcos Antonio Tambascia
BACKGROUND: Obesity's increasing follows decreased perception of weight status in obese persons, mainly female, undergoing age-related changes. OBJECTIVE: To study weight perception and psychological alterations associated to MS and T2DM. METHODS: 200 patients selected from Metabolic Syndrome Outpatient Clinic of University of Campinas. Instruments: Beck Depression and Beck Anxiety Inventories', Toronto Alexithymia Scale-26s, questionnaire and data from reports...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503728/female-undergraduate-s-perceptions-of-intrusive-behavior-in-12-countries
#7
Lorraine Sheridan, Adrian J Scott, John Archer, Karl Roberts
The present study examines young women's (N = 1,734) perceptions of the unacceptability of 47 intrusive activities enacted by men. Female undergraduate psychology students from 12 countries (Armenia, Australia, England, Egypt, Finland, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Portugal, Scotland, Trinidad) indicated which of 47 intrusive activities they considered to be unacceptable. Responses were compared with parasite-stress values, a measure of global gender equality and Hofstede's dimensions of national cultures...
May 15, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503529/regular-physical-education-class-enhances-sociality-and-physical-fitness-while-reducing-psychological-problems-in-children-of-multicultural-families
#8
Jae-Wan Park, Seong-Hwan Park, Chang-Mo Koo, Denny Eun, Kang-Ho Kim, Chan-Bok Lee, Joung-Hyun Ham, Jeong-Hoon Jang, Yong-Seok Jee
This study investigated the influence of physical education class (PEC) as an intervention method for aggression, sociality, stress, and physical fitness levels in children from multicultural families. The hypothesis was that participating in PEC would result in reduced aggression and stress and improved sociality and physical fitness in multicultural children. A three-item questionnaire, a body composition test, and physical fitness tests were given three times. Eighty-four subjects were divided into four groups: multicultural children who participated in PEC (multi-PEG, n=12), multicultural children who did not participate in PEC (multi-NPEG, n=13), single-cultural children who participated in PEC (sing-PEG, n=11), and single-cultural children who did not participate in PEC (sing-NPEG, n=12), respectively...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503525/study-on-emotion-by-rest-time-in-mice-with-repetitive-sleep-deprivation
#9
Yun-Hee Sung
Sleep deprivation (SD) inhibits normal biorhythms, causing physical and mental problems. To solve the problems caused by SD, fundamental measures are needed. I investigated change of recovery by rest time in psychological aspect after repetitive SD. The mice were divided into four groups: control 24-hr rest after 24-hr SD group, 48-hr rest after 24-hr SD group, and 72-hr rest after 24-hr SD group (n=20 in each group). I carried out SD in the water cage included multiple platforms. Repetitive SD executes for 36 days...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502578/evaluation-of-the-expect-respect-support-group-program-a-violence-prevention-strategy-for-youth-exposed-to-violence
#10
Dennis E Reidy, Kristin M Holland, Kai Cortina, Barbara Ball, Barri Rosenbluth
In the present study, we assess the effects of the Expect Respect Support Groups (ERSG) on frequency of teen dating violence (TDV) and general youth violence. ERSG is a school-based violence prevention program for youth who have been exposed to violence in their home, school, or community. Boys and girls (N=1,678, Mage=14.3, S.D.=1.7, Range=11-17) from 36 schools in Texas participated in this accelerated longitudinal (7-year trajectory) study beginning in 2011. Latent growth curve analyses were conducted using three waves of data from three cross-sectional cohorts of adolescents...
May 11, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500477/impact-of-a-program-for-the-management-of-aggressive-behaviors-on-seclusion-and-restraint-use-in-two-high-risk-units-of-a-mental-health-institute
#11
Steve Geoffrion, Jane Goncalves, Charles-Édouard Giguère, Stéphane Guay
The Omega Program for the Management of Aggressive Behaviors aims to reduce patients' dangerous behaviors, towards themselves or others, and to reduce the use of seclusion and restraint (S/R). A previous study in a Mental Health Institute (Montreal, Canada) showed that implementing this program allowed employees of the intensive care and emergency units to gain confidence in coping with patients' aggressions and to reduce their psychological distress. The present study, conducted in the same high-risk units, assesses the effect of the program on S/R use...
May 13, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499559/identifying-psychosocial-distress-and-stressors-using-distress-screening-instruments-in-patients-with-localized-and-advanced-penile-cancer
#12
Désirée Louise Dräger, Chris Protzel, Oliver W Hakenberg
BACKGROUND: We examined the effects of treatment on the psychological well-being of patients with localized or advanced penile cancer using screening questionnaires to determine the consecutive need for psychosocial care. Penile cancer is a rare, but highly aggressive, malignancy. The psychological stress of patients with penile cancer arises from the cancer diagnosis per se and the corresponding consequences of treatment. In addition, cancer-specific distress results (eg, fear of metastasis, progression, relapse, death)...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493732/psychological-flexibility-mitigates-effects-of-ptsd-symptoms-and-negative-urgency-on-aggressive-behavior-in-trauma-exposed-veterans
#13
Sunny J Dutra, Naomi Sadeh
Recent literature suggests that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms can interact with personality factors to predict externalizing behaviors. Engagement in externalizing behaviors such as substance abuse and aggressive behavior may, in turn, increase risk for further trauma exposure and a more chronic course of PTSD. In order to better understand how to intervene on this cycle, the current study aimed to identify factors that could explain risk for externalizing behaviors among trauma-exposed veterans...
May 11, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492166/-violence-in-schools-prospective-study-conducted-in-an-emergency-reception-center-for-victims-of-aggression
#14
O Dubourg, J Hiquet, P Saint-Martin, E Christin, J Fougas, S Gromb-Monnoyeur
INTRODUCTION: Although violence in schools is quite well conveyed in the media, the French literature data remain patchy, and the figures available arise mainly from surveys of victimization. This study had two main purposes: to add to the national epidemiological data on this phenomenon and to emphasize the actions that can be undertaken by the practitioner facing such events. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective descriptive study that was conducted from September 1st, 2014, to June 30, 2015, in a single center, the CAUVA, an emergency center within the Bordeaux University Hospital for victims of assault...
December 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491038/yokukansan-and-yokukansankachimpihange-ameliorate-aggressive-behaviors-in-rats-with-cholinergic-degeneration-in-the-nucleus-basalis-of-meynert
#15
Masahiro Tabuchi, Keita Mizuno, Kazushige Mizoguchi, Tomohisa Hattori, Yoshio Kase
Yokukansan (YKS) and yokukansankachimpihange (YKSCH) are traditional Japanese Kampo medicines. The latter comprises YKS along with the medicinal herbs Citrus unshiu peel and Pinellia tuber. Both of these Kampo medicines are indicated for the treatment of night crying and irritability in children and for neurosis and insomnia in adults. In recent clinical trials, YKS exhibited ameliorative effects on the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, such as aggressiveness, excitement, and irritability. In the present study, we aimed to clarify the involvement of cholinergic degeneration in the nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM) in the development of aggressiveness in rats...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488040/the-role-of-serotonin-in-personality-inference-tryptophan-depletion-impairs-the-identification-of-neuroticism-in-the-face
#16
Robert Ward, Shubha Sreenivas, Judi Read, Kate E A Saunders, Robert D Rogers
Serotonergic mechanisms mediate the expression of personality traits (such as impulsivity, aggression and anxiety) that are linked to vulnerability to psychological illnesses, and modulate the identification of emotional expressions in the face as well as learning about broader classes of appetitive and aversive signals. Faces with neutral expressions signal a variety of socially relevant information, such that inferences about the big five personality traits, including Neuroticism, Extraversion and Agreeableness, can be accurately made on the basis of emotionally neutral facial photographs...
May 9, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484399/biochemical-benefits-diagnosis-and-clinical-risks-evaluation-of-kratom
#17
REVIEW
Dimy Fluyau, Neelambika Revadigar
BACKGROUND: Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) is a tropical tree with a long history of traditional use in parts of Africa and Southeast Asia. Kratom is also known as Thom, Thang, and Biak. Its leaves and the teas brewed from them have long been used by people in that region to manage pain and opioid withdrawal and to stave off fatigue. Kratom is actually consumed throughout the world for its stimulant effects and as an opioid substitute (in form of tea, chewed, smoked, or ingested in capsules)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480849/impact-of-internet-gambling-on-mental-and-psychological-health-of-children-of-various-ages
#18
M Khundadze, N Geladze, N Kapanadze
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of internet gambling on children's mental and physical health and find correlation between the age, duration of internet use and type of comorbidity associated with internet gambling. The study assessed 50 patients with internet gambling (35 boys, 15 girls) from 2013-2016 y. The age range was 3-15 years. 15 patients were from 3-7 y of age, 20 patients from 7-12 y and 15 - from 12-15 y of age. The core problem common for all patients were internet overuse by computer games, mobile device and other gadgets...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480690/cognitive-and-personality-factors-in-the-regular-practice-of-martial-arts
#19
Rosa A Fabio, Giulia E Towey
BACKGROUND: The effects of regular practice of martial arts is considered controversial and studies in this field limited their attention to singular psychological benefits. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the regular practice of martial arts and cognitive and personality factors, such as: attention, creativity and school performance, together with, self-esteem, self-efficacy and aggression. METHODS: The design consists in a factorial design with two independent variables (groups and age levels) and seven dependent variables (attention, creativity, intelligence, school performance, self-esteem, self-efficacy and aggression)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465709/aromatherapy-and-aromatic-plants-for-the-treatment-of-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-clinical-evidence-and-possible-mechanisms
#20
REVIEW
Damiana Scuteri, Luigi Antonio Morrone, Laura Rombolà, Pina Rosa Avato, Anna Rita Bilia, Maria Tiziana Corasaniti, Shinobu Sakurada, Tsukasa Sakurada, Giacinto Bagetta
The treatment of agitation and aggression, typical Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSDs) of Alzheimer's Disease (AD), is one of the most complicated aspects of handling patients suffering from dementia. Currently, the management of these symptoms often associated with an increased pain perception, which notably reduces the patients' quality of life (QoL), relies on the employment of antipsychotic drugs. Unfortunately, the use of these pharmacological agents has some limits: in the long term, they do not result in being equally effective as in the first weeks of treatment and they present important side effects...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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