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Aggression psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915771/low-back-pain-with-impact-at-17-years-of-age-is-predicted-by-early-adolescent-risk-factors-from-multiple-domains-analysis-of-the-western-australian-pregnancy-cohort-raine-study
#1
Anne Smith, Darren Beales, Peter O'Sullivan, Natasha Bear, Leon Straker
Study Design Prospective cohort study of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. Background Low back pain (LBP) commonly develops in adolescence and is a significant risk factor for adult LBP. A broad range of factors have been associated with the development of adolescent LBP, but prior literature has limitations related to characterisation of LBP and scope of risk factors considered. Objective This study aimed to identify potential factors contributing to the development of LBP with and without impact at 17 years of age, utilising a broad range of exposures at 14...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915423/premature-psychotherapy-termination-in-an-outpatient-treatment-program-for-personality-disorders-a-survival-analysis
#2
Dominick Gamache, Claudia Savard, Sophie Lemelin, Alexandre Côté, Evens Villeneuve
OBJECTIVE: Psychological treatment for patients with personality disorders (PD) is plagued with a high proportion of early dropouts, and attempts to identify risk factors for attrition have generated very few conclusive results. The purpose of the present study is to identify significant predictors of early treatment termination in a long-term psychotherapy program for PD. METHODS: Data was retrospectively retrieved from 174 files of patients who began long-term psychotherapy in an outpatient treatment program in Quebec City, Canada...
August 9, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914594/salivary-neuropeptides-stress-and-periodontitis
#3
Hady Haririan, Oleh Andrukhov, Michael Böttcher, Eleonore Pablik, Gernot Wimmer, Andreas Moritz, Xiaohui Rausch-Fan
BACKGROUND: Scientific evidence for psychological stress as a risk factor for periodontitis is fragmentary relying mostly on either questionnaire-based or biomarker studies. The aim of this study was to investigate Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor, Substance P, Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (VIP), Neuropeptide Y (NPY), Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide and Adrenomedullin as well as cortisol in saliva and serum in periodontal health and disease combined with different aspects of stress and possible associations with clinical parameters...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913926/dangers-on-the-road-a-longitudinal-examination-of-passenger-initiated-violence-against-bus-drivers
#4
Biru Zhou, Richard Boyer, Stéphane Guay
This study examined the impact of workplace violence against 109 bus drivers over a 1-year span. Workplace violence is related to both psychological and work-related consequences. Our findings showed that bus drivers experienced a wide range of violence at work and the psychological consequences were devastating: Half of the participants met the diagnostic criteria for acute stress disorder within the first month following the index event. Majority of them experienced at least moderate levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) problems over the 1-year span...
September 15, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903671/humor-use-moderates-the-relation-of-stressful-life-events-with-psychological-distress
#5
Heidi L Fritz, Leslie N Russek, Melissa M Dillon
Three studies examined humor and adjustment to stressful events. In Study 1, patients with fibromyalgia syndrome ( N = 22) reported on mental and physical adjustment, social interaction, and reappraisal of their illness. Dispositional humor was associated with reduced distress and fewer physical symptoms. Study 2 ( N = 109) examined undergraduates' reports of stressful events. Dispositional, self-enhancing, affiliative, and self-defeating humor showed direct effects on distress, which were mediated by social interaction and reappraisal...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900864/ventricular-tachycardia-with-icd-shocks-when-to-medicate-and-when-to-ablate
#6
REVIEW
Amir AbdelWahab, John Sapp
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ventricular tachycardia occurrence in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients may result in shock delivery and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In addition, shocks may have deleterious mechanical and psychological effects. Prevention of ventricular tachycardia (VT) recurrence with the use of antiarrhythmic drugs or catheter ablation may be warranted. Antiarrhythmic drugs are limited by incomplete efficacy and an unfavorable adverse effect profile...
September 13, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884268/can-a-parenting-intervention-to-prevent-early-conduct-problems-interrupt-girls-risk-for-intimate-partner-violence-10%C3%A2-years-later
#7
Miriam K Ehrensaft, Heather Knous Westfall, Phyllis Holditch Niolon, Thailyn Lopez, Dimitra Kamboukos, Keng-Yen Huang, Laurie Miller Brotman
This study tests whether a parenting intervention for families of preschoolers at risk for conduct problems can prevent later risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). Ninety-nine preschoolers at familial risk for conduct problems were randomly assigned to intervention or control conditions. Ten years later, 45 preschoolers and 43 of their siblings completed an assessment of their romantic relationships, including measures of physical and psychological IPV. The study focuses on the 54 females, including targets (n = 27) and siblings (n = 27) who participated in a 10-year follow-up (M age = 16...
September 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882156/comparative-safety-and-efficacy-of-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-the-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#8
Jennifer Watt, Zahra Goodarzi, Andrea C Tricco, Areti-Angeliki Veroniki, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are highly prevalent in patients with dementia. Both pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies are commonly used to treat these symptoms, but their comparative safety and efficacy is unknown. METHODS: We will conduct a systematic review of the published and unpublished literature to retrieve all articles pertaining to outcomes of safety and efficacy associated with pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments of BPSD for patients living in the community and institutionalized care settings...
September 7, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882104/dysphoric-symptoms-in-relation-to-other-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-among-elderly-in-nursing-homes
#9
Agnes Lindbo, Maria Gustafsson, Ulf Isaksson, Per-Olof Sandman, Hugo Lövheim
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are common and varied in the elderly. The aim of the current study was to explore associations between BPSD and dysphoric symptoms at different levels of cognitive impairment. METHODS: Assessments of 4397 elderly individuals living in nursing homes in Sweden were performed. Data on cognitive function and BPSD were collected using the Multi-Dimensional Dementia Assessment Scale (MDDAS). The relationships between dysphoria and eight BPSD factors were plotted against cognitive function to investigate how dysphoria affects BPSD throughout the dementia disease...
September 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876518/externalizing-problem-behavior-in-adolescence-parenting-interacting-with-dat1-and-drd4-genes
#10
Annelies Janssens, Wim Van Den Noortgate, Luc Goossens, Hilde Colpin, Karine Verschueren, Stephan Claes, Karla Van Leeuwen
This study extends previous gene-by-environment (G × E) research through design and methodological advances and examines alternative hypotheses of diathesis stress, vantage sensitivity, and differential susceptibility. In a sample of 984 adolescents and their parents, we examined whether effects of parental support, proactive, punitive, harsh punitive, and psychological control on externalizing problem behavior are moderated by adolescents' genotype for the dopamine transporter (DAT1) or receptor D4 (DRD4) gene...
June 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866723/resilience-as-a-predicator-of-mental-health-of-incarcerated-women
#11
Ewa Sygit-Kowalkowska, Justyna Szrajda, Magdalena Weber-Rajek, Krzysztof Porażyński, Marcin Ziółkowski
OBJECTIVES: Serving a prison sentence is an experience that bears the hallmarks of a trauma. Scientific findings on how people handle traumatic The aim of the following research was to analyze the way in which psychological resilience differentiates mental states of incarcerated women and to identify the predicator of mental well-being in this group.experiences show that there are numerous personal and social resources that allow for better adaptation. One of the concepts used to describe the process reflecting relatively good adaptation is psychological resilience...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856006/effect-of-wearing-fingers-rings-on-the-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-an-exploratory-study
#12
Teruo Yokoi, Hitoshi Okamura, Tomoka Yamamoto, Katsuya Watanabe, Shigeko Yokoi, Hitoshi Atae, Masayuki Ueda, Takahiro Kuwayama, Shigekazu Sakamoto, Saaya Tomino, Hideo Fujii, Takefumi Honda, Takayosi Morita, Takafumi Yukawa, Nobuko Harada
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to examine the effects of an approach that wears finger rings on elderly females with behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. METHOD: The subjects were seven Japanese dementia patients living in elderly nursing homes. A single-case experimental design was adopted for the study. Each study subject was asked to put rings on her finger (from 9:00 to 19:00) for 7 days. The Neuropsychiatric Inventory, scenes of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, interest in wearing rings, self-awareness, and overall profile were determined to assess the effect on the patients of wearing rings...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855464/the-effects-of-quality-of-life-on-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-in-elderly-people-with-dementia-residing-at-long-term-care-facilities
#13
Mizue Suzuki, Hideyuki Hattori, Koji Fukuda, Hajime Ooshiro, Takayuki Saruhara, Yoshie Furuta, Kunihiko Abe, Masao Kanamori
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to clarify how quality of life (QOL) affects the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSDs) among elderly individuals with dementia within long-term care facilities (e.g., long-term healthcare facilities, sanatorium-type medical facilities, and special nursing homes for the elderly). METHODS: Elderly individuals with dementia were evaluated to determine their activities of daily living (ADL; Katz), Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE), Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), and Quality of life inventory for the elderly with dementia (QOLD) scores...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845519/parent-child-coregulation-of-parasympathetic-processes-varies-by-social-context-and-risk-for-psychopathology
#14
Erika Lunkenheimer, Stacey S Tiberio, Amanda M Skoranski, Kristin A Buss, Pamela M Cole
The parasympathetic nervous system supports social interaction and varies in relation to psychopathology. However, we know little about parasympathetic processes from a dyadic framework, nor in early childhood when parent-child social interactions become more complex and child psychopathology first emerges. We hypothesized that higher risk for psychopathology (maternal psychopathology symptoms and child problem behavior) would be related to weaker concordance of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) between mothers and children (M = 3½ years old; N = 47) and that these relations could vary by social contextual demands, comparing unstructured free play, semistructured cleanup, and structured teaching tasks...
August 28, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839950/application-of-the-betty-neuman-systems-model-in-the-nursing-care-of-patients-clients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Zakieh Ahmadi, Tabandeh Sadeghi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the application of the Betty Neuman systems model to the care of patient/clients with multiple sclerosis. METHODS: This clinical study resulted from the application of the nursing process to a patient/client admitted with multiple sclerosis in the neurological ward of a hospital in an urban area of Iran. RESULTS: A patient/client was evaluated according to the Neuman model. Intrapersonal stressors (physiological, psychological, socio-cultural, and spiritual), interpersonal stressors (being away from family and children) and extra-personal stressors (aggression and psychological pressure from the spouse) were found...
July 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833482/validity-of-single-question-for-screening-intimate-partner-violence-among-urban-latina-women
#16
Young-Ju Kim, Nilda Peragallo Montano
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the validity of a single violence question compared with revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2) as an initial tool which can be easily used in community-based health care settings to detect IPV in Latina women. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The study was conducted using secondary analyses of the baseline data from a culturally tailored HIV risk prevention project SEPA. A total of 657 Mexican and Puerto-Rican women aged 18-40, who reported sexual activities were interviewed...
August 22, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832181/treatment-of-pediatric-acute-onset-neuropsychiatric-disorder-in-a-large-survey-population
#17
Denise Calaprice, Janice Tona, Tanya K Murphy
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate treatment histories and outcomes in a large community sample of youth with Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS), and, where appropriate, to examine the impact of immune deficiency on treatment outcomes. METHODS: A comprehensive internet-based survey was completed by parents or guardians of youth who had received physician diagnoses of PANS, or by young adults (age 18+) who had themselves been diagnosed by a physician (N = 698)...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828027/psychological-features-of-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-report-of-four-cases
#18
Yaser Jenab, Seyedeh Roghaieh Hashemi, Neda Ghaffari-Marandi, Hoda Zafarghandi, Nazila Shahmansouri
Takotsubo or stress-induced cardiomyopathy is a cardiomyopathy in which the patient has a sudden onset, reversible left ventricular systolic dysfunction without any significant coronary artery disease. Four women, who were at a mean age of 64 years and suffered from chest pain exacerbated by emotional stress, were admitted as cases of acute coronary syndrome and were completely evaluated through precise history taking, physical examination, and ECG. Coronary angiography or coronary multidetector computed tomography was used to exclude significant coronary artery disease...
April 2017: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826872/determinants-of-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-a-scoping-review-of-the-evidence
#19
Ann Kolanowski, Marie Boltz, Elizabeth Galik, Laura N Gitlin, Helen C Kales, Barbara Resnick, Kimberly S Van Haitsma, Amy Knehans, Jane E Sutterlin, Justine S Sefcik, Wen Liu, Darina V Petrovsky, Lauren Massimo, Andrea Gilmore-Bykovskyi, Margaret MacAndrew, Glenna Brewster, Vycki Nalls, Ying-Ling Jao, Naomi Duffort, Danny Scerpella
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are prevalent in people with neurodegenerative diseases. PURPOSE: In this scoping review the Kales, Gitlin and Lykestos framework is used to answer the question: What high quality evidence exists for the patient, caregiver and environmental determinants of five specific BPSD: aggression, agitation, apathy, depression and psychosis? METHOD: An a priori review protocol was developed; 692 of 6013 articles retrieved in the search were deemed eligible for review...
June 16, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816300/-combination-of-periodontal-orthodontic-and-endodontic-therapy-in-upper-anterior-teeth-with-hopeless-prognosis-and-long-time-follow-up-a-case-report
#20
Y Li, L Xu, Y H Zhou, X Y Ouyang, T Cao
It is complicated to decide the treatment plan of hopeless anterior teeth in esthetic zone due to severe periodontitis, periodontal-endodontic combined lesion or teeth trauma. The optional treatment plan for this kind of teeth includes retention after periodontal treatment, extraction and implant treatment, extraction and prosthodontic treatment and so on. To make an appropriate treatment plan, patients' periodontal conditions, periodontal biotype, local anatomy, esthetic demand, economic condition and social psychological status should be comprehensively considered...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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