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Aggression psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075176/the-adapp-trial-a-two-year-longitudinal-multidisciplinary-intervention-study-for-prostate-cancer-frail-patients-on-androgen-deprivation-associated-to-curative-radiotherapy
#1
Julie Mareschal, Kerstin Weber, Pascale Rigoli, Edmund Biason, Laura Frambati, Carole Gotteland, Thomas Zilli, Claude Pichard, Raymond Miralbell
BACKGROUND: Androgen deprivation (AD) therapy combined to radiotherapy (RT) is a curative therapeutic option for patients with non-metastatic locally advanced or aggressive intermediate prostate cancer (PC), though with a range of nutritional, physical, and psychological side effects. A multidisciplinary care program was created to help frail patients to prevent and manage those side effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal interventional study in frail patients, presenting either cardiovascular/pulmonary comorbidities, old age (≥75 years), vulnerability ratings, or balance impairment...
January 11, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073337/microaggressions
#2
Scott O Lilienfeld
The microaggression concept has recently galvanized public discussion and spread to numerous college campuses and businesses. I argue that the microaggression research program (MRP) rests on five core premises, namely, that microaggressions (1) are operationalized with sufficient clarity and consensus to afford rigorous scientific investigation; (2) are interpreted negatively by most or all minority group members; (3) reflect implicitly prejudicial and implicitly aggressive motives; (4) can be validly assessed using only respondents' subjective reports; and (5) exert an adverse impact on recipients' mental health...
January 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065176/behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-in-general-hospital-patients-with-dementia-distress-for-nursing-staff-and-complications-in-care-results-of-the-general-hospital-study
#3
J B Hessler, M Schäufele, I Hendlmeier, M N Junge, S Leonhardt, J Weber, H Bickel
AIMS: Little is known about how behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) manifest in the general hospital. The aim was to examine the frequency of BPSD in general hospitals and their associations with nursing staff distress and complications in care. METHODS: Cross-sectional representative study with 1469 patients aged ≥65, including 270 patients with dementia, of 33 randomly selected general hospitals in Germany. BPSD and complications were reported by nurses...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060583/the-use-of-vignettes-to-empower-effective-responses-to-attempted-sexual-assault
#4
Kaylie T Allen, Elizabeth A Meadows
OBJECTIVE: Women assertively resisting sexual aggression have the best chances of avoiding completed rape. Especially with acquaintances, there are significant social and psychological barriers to resistance. Novel vignettes depicting acquaintance rape were designed to enhance self-efficacy, reduce unrealistic optimism, and empower assertive resistance. PARTICIPANTS: The data were collected using a Web-based survey of 449 female college students from multiple universities in August-October 2014...
January 6, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050359/osho-dynamic-meditation-s-effect-on-serum-cortisol-level
#5
Anuj Bansal, Ashish Mittal, Vikas Seth
INTRODUCTION: Dynamic meditation is one of the most popular active meditation, introduced by an Indian mystic Osho in 1970. This one hour meditation consists of five stages: Deep fast chaotic breathing, catharsis, using a mantra "Hoo", silence, and dancing. A previous study observed that Osho dynamic meditation causes decrease in several psychopathological variables such as aggressive behaviour, anxiety and depression. However, it is not objectively established that the dynamic meditation has an anti-stress effect...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045136/social-harassment-induces-anxiety-like-behaviour-in-crayfish
#6
Julien Bacqué-Cazenave, Daniel Cattaert, Jean-Paul Delbecque, Pascal Fossat
Social interactions leading to dominance hierarchies often elicit psychological disorders in mammals including harassment and anxiety. Here, we demonstrate that this sequence also occurs in an invertebrate, the crayfish Procambarus clarkii. When placed in the restricted space of an aquarium, crayfish dyads generally fight until one of the opponents suddenly escapes, thereafter clearly expressing a submissive behaviour. Nevertheless, the winner frequently keeps on displaying excessive aggressive acts, having deleterious consequences in losers and interpreted as harassment behaviour...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040454/towards-an-animal-model-of-callousness
#7
REVIEW
Julen Hernandez-Lallement, Marijn van Wingerden, Tobias Kalenscher
Callous-unemotional traits - the insensitivity to other's welfare and well-being - are characterized by a lack of empathy. They are characteristic of psychopathy and can be found in other anti-social disorders, such as conduct disorder. Because of the increasing prevalence of anti-social disorders and the rising societal costs of violence and aggression, it is of great importance to elucidate the psychological and physiological mechanisms underlying callousness in the search for pharmacological treatments. One promising avenue is to create a relevant animal model to explore the neural bases of callousness...
December 28, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032816/ethnic-differences-in-impact-of-physical-activity-program-on-psychological-symptoms-in-youth
#8
Jocelyn S Carter, Sabrina Karczewski, Draycen D DeCator, Alescia M Hollowell
BACKGROUND: Children who engage in regular physical activity are protected from developing behavioral problems at home and school, but many children do not have the opportunity to participate in regular physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a non-curricular school-based physical activity program resulted in reductions in children's psychological problems in two domains: internalizing (e.g., depression) and externalizing (e.g., aggression) and whether these effects varied according to ethnicity, gender, and baseline psychological symptoms...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009676/effectiveness-of-meaningful-occupation-interventions-for-people-living-with-dementia-in-residential-aged-care-a-systematic-review
#9
Catherine Travers, Deborah Brooks, Sonia Hines, Maria O'Reilly, Mitchell McMaster, Wei He, Margaret MacAndrew, Elaine Fielding, Lina Karlsson, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: The ability to participate in valued activities, whether for work, leisure or family, is an important aspect of personal identity. In dementia, progressive memory loss means that abilities developed over a lifetime begin to be lost as well, contributing to the loss of self and identity. Some studies have reported that activities or interventions tailored to be meaningful to the person with dementia (defined as any activity important to the individual) are more effective in addressing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and improving quality of life (QoL) than those that are not so tailored...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005228/patterns-of-dating-violence-victimization-and-perpetration-among-latino-youth
#10
H Luz McNaughton Reyes, Vangie A Foshee, May S Chen, Susan T Ennett
Theory and research suggest that there may be significant heterogeneity in the development, manifestation, and consequences of adolescent dating violence that is not yet well understood. The current study contributed to our understanding of this heterogeneity by identifying distinct patterns of involvement in psychological, physical, and sexual dating violence victimization and perpetration in a sample of Latino youth (n = 201; M = 13.87 years; 42% male), a group that is understudied, growing, and at high risk for involvement in dating violence...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997227/aggressive-drive-derivatives-in-the-rorschachs-of-maltreated-children-and-adolescents-latent-structure-and-clinical-correlates
#11
David Joubert, Linda Webster
Psychological assessment can play an important role in informing the intervention process with child and adolescent victims of maltreatment. This study investigated the validity of the Rorschach in assessing aggressive drive derivatives using a profile-based approach, with a sample of 108 children and adolescents in foster care. Aggression indicators were derived from the work of Gacono and Meloy ( 1994 ). Latent class analysis yielded a 4-class model including gender and age as covariates. The first 2 classes were characterized by low prevalence rates across all indicators of aggression, and were distinguished primarily on the basis of participant's age...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988785/anxiety-in-adolescence-can-we-prevent-it
#12
A Llorca, E Malonda, P Samper
BACKGROUND: Emotions are potent modulators and motivators of the behaviour that the individual displays in the different situations they have to live and they can act as a protection factor or vulnerability of the adapted or maladaptive behaviour. This study focuses on anxiety in adolescence. OBJECTIVES: The objective is, through a longitudinal study, to analyse the psychological processes and emotions that facilitate the symptoms of anxiety and those which protect the adolescent from these symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977620/changes-of-quality-of-life-and-cognitive-function-in-individuals-with-internet-gaming-disorder-a-6-month-follow-up
#13
Jae-A Lim, Jun-Young Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Bo Kyung Sohn, Sam-Wook Choi, Yeon Jin Kim, Dai-Jin Kim, Jung-Seok Choi
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) contributes to poor quality of life (QOL) and cognitive dysfunction and is increasingly recognized as a social problem in various countries. However, no evidence exists to determine whether QOL and cognitive dysfunction stabilize after appropriate management. The present study addressed improvement in QOL and cognitive functioning associated with changes in addiction symptoms following outpatient management for IGD. A total of 84 young males (IGD group: N = 44, mean age: 19...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973916/health-consequences-of-intimate-partner-violence-against-married-women-a-population-based-study-in-northern-iran
#14
Robabeh Soleimani, Reza Ahmadi, Azadeh Yosefnezhad
The effects of different types of intimate partner violence (IPV) on mental health are understudied. The aim of this study was to analyse the association between women's mental health and physical, psychological and sexual IPV. We invited subjects of a population-based survey conducted in 2015 in Rasht, Iran, on IPV against women to complete the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). The present research study is a secondary study based on these data and archival data from the 2015 study. For analysis, multivariate analysis of covariance was used...
December 14, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969027/workplace-aggression-psychological-distress-and-job-satisfaction-among-palestinian-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Yousef Jaradat, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Petter Kristensen, Khaldoun Nijem, Espen Bjertness, Hein Stigum, Rita Bast-Pettersen
BACKGROUND: Nurses can be exposed to aggressive behavior from patients, patient's relatives, colleagues and visitors. PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of workplace aggression among Palestinian nurses in the Hebron district and to examine cross-sectional associations between exposure to workplace aggression and the occurrence of psychological distress and job satisfaction. METHODS: Of 372 nurses eligible for the study, 343 were included (response rate of 92...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957645/cyberbullying-among-greek-high-school-adolescents
#16
Athanasia Gkiomisi, Maria Gkrizioti, Athina Gkiomisi, Dimitrios A Anastasilakis, Panagiotis Kardaras
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of cyberbullying among Greek students and the efficacy of proposed preventive interventions. METHODS: Three types of high schools (private, experimental and public) with different politics on on-line aggression were enrolled. All students of the aforementioned schools were asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire. RESULTS: Around 62 % of the high school students experienced cyberbullying by electronic means, especially by cell phone, mostly the public school students (p 0...
December 13, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957287/the-doctor-patient-relationship-toward-a-conceptual-re-examination
#17
Hamidreza Namazi, Kiarash Aramesh, Bagher Larijani
The nature of the doctor-patient relationship as a keystone of care necessitates philosophical, psychological and sociological considerations. The present study investigates concepts related to these three critical views considered especially important. From the philosophical viewpoint, the three concepts of "the demands of ethics "," ethical phenomenology and "the philosophy of the relationship" are of particular importance. From a psychological point of view, the five concepts of "communication behavior patterns" (including submissiveness, dominance, aggression, and assertiveness), "psychic distance", "emotional quotient", "conflict between pain relief and truth-telling", and "body language" have received specific emphasis...
2016: Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956615/childhood-poverty-and-adult-psychological-well-being
#18
Gary W Evans
Childhood disadvantage has repeatedly been linked to adult physical morbidity and mortality. We show in a prospective, longitudinal design that childhood poverty predicts multimethodological indices of adult (24 y of age) psychological well-being while holding constant similar childhood outcomes assessed at age 9. Adults from low-income families manifest more allostatic load, an index of chronic physiological stress, higher levels of externalizing symptoms (e.g., aggression) but not internalizing symptoms (e...
December 27, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940606/childhood-abuse-and-current-intimate-partner-violence-a-population-study-in-hong-kong
#19
Elsie Yan, Thanos Karatzias
Previous studies have established that childhood violence victimization is associated with current experience of intimate partner violence (IPV). Existing literature, however, focused exclusively on female survivors and physical IPV and relied on non-representative samples. The present study examined the associations between life adversities and IPV using a representative sample of 1,239 men and women aged between 18 and 97. Participants provided information on their demographic characteristics, lifetime history of adverse life events, and past year IPV...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909455/salivary-testosterone-levels-under-psychological-stress-and-its-relationship-with-rumination-and-five-personality-traits-in-medical-students
#20
Reza Afrisham, Sahar Sadegh-Nejadi, Omid SoliemaniFar, Wesam Kooti, Damoon Ashtary-Larky, Fatima Alamiri, Mohammad Aberomand, Sedigheh Najjar-Asl, Ali Khaneh-Keshi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the salivary testosterone levels under psychological stress and its relationship with rumination and five personality traits in medical students. METHODS: A total of 58 medical students, who wanted to participate in the final exam, were selected by simple random sampling. Two months before the exam, in the basal conditions, the NEO Inventory short form, and the Emotional Control Questionnaire (ECQ) were completed...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
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