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Aggression psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728642/a-latent-profile-analysis-of-aggression-and-victimization-across-relationship-types-among-veterans-who-use-substances
#1
RaeAnn E Anderson, Erin E Bonar, Maureen A Walton, Jason E Goldstick, Sheila A M Rauch, Quyen M Epstein-Ngo, Stephen T Chermack
OBJECTIVE: This study examined patterns of violence victimization and aggression in both intimate partner and nonpartner relationships among U.S. military veterans using latent profile analysis to identify subtypes of violence involvement. METHOD: Participants were 839 substance use treatment-seeking veterans (93% male) from a large Veterans Affairs Medical Center who completed screening measures for a randomized controlled trial. RESULTS: Past-year violence involvement, including both intimate partner violence (IPV) and nonpartner violence (NPV), was common in the sample, although NPV occurred at somewhat higher rates...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726440/ptsd-symptoms-predict-outcome-in-trauma-informed-treatment-of-intimate-partner-aggression
#2
Suzannah K Creech, Alexandra Macdonald, Justin K Benzer, Gina M Poole, Christopher M Murphy, Casey T Taft
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to extend findings from a randomized controlled trial of the Strength at Home Men's Program (SAH-M) for intimate partner aggression (IPA) in military veterans by examining the impact of pretreatment posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms on treatment efficacy, and by examining new data on postintervention follow-up for individuals who received SAH-M after completing the enhanced treatment as usual (ETAU) wait-list control condition. METHOD: Using data from 125 male veterans who attended the SAH-M program immediately after an intake assessment or after waiting 6-month in the ETAU condition, this study used generalized linear modeling to examine predictors of physical and psychological IPA over a 9-month period of time...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718910/permanent-housing-for-child-welfare-involved-families-impact-on-child-maltreatment-overview
#3
Patrick J Fowler, Michael Schoeny
A longitudinal randomized controlled trial tested whether access to permanent housing reduces child maltreatment among inadequately housed families under investigation for child abuse and neglect. The study followed homeless and child welfare-involved families randomly assigned to receive a referral for housing subsidies plus housing case management (n = 75, 196 children) or housing case management alone (n = 75, 186 children). Latent growth models examined change in caregiver-reported frequencies of psychological aggression, physical abuse, and neglect toward children at five time points across 2...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705297/the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-behavioral-disorders-in-dementia
#4
Torsten Kratz
BACKGROUND: Behavioral disorders such as aggressiveness, agitation, delusions, disinhibition, affect lability, and apathy arise in more than 90% of patients with dementia. Behavioral disorders are a major challenge and the greatest stress factor in everyday life for nursing personnel and for family members caring for the patient. METHODS: This review is based on relevant publications retrieved by a selective literature search in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and German S3 guideline databases with the search terms "behavioral disorders," "non-cognitive disorders," and "challenging behavior," in conjunction with "dementia" and "behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia...
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702070/leveling-and-abuse-among-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-at-psychiatric-outpatient-departments-in-ethiopia
#5
Habte Belete
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization (WHO) clearly states the importance of psychological well-being in the definition of health as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". However, in the community, the lives of people with bipolar disorders are often harsh and abusive. Till now, the rate and related information concerning verbal or physical abuse among patients with bipolar disorder at psychiatric outpatient clinics have not been well addressed in Ethiopian settings...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698318/words-do-matter-a-systematic-review-on-how-different-terminology-for-the-same-condition-influences-management-preferences
#6
Brooke Nickel, Alexandra Barratt, Tessa Copp, Ray Moynihan, Kirsten McCaffery
OBJECTIVES: Changing terminology for low-risk, screen-detected conditions has now been recommended by several expert groups in order to prevent overdiagnosis and reduce the associated harms of overtreatment. However, the effect of terminology on patients' preferences for management is not well understood. This review aims to synthesise existing studies on terminology and its impact on management decision making. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Studies were included that compared two or more terminologies to describe the same condition and measured the effect on treatment or management preferences and/or choices...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685211/predicting-the-emergence-of-sexual-violence-in-adolescence
#7
Michele L Ybarra, Richard E Thompson
This study aims to report the epidemiology of sexual violence (SV) perpetration for both female and male youth across a broad age spectrum. Additionally, the etiology of SV perpetration is examined by identifying prior exposures that predict a first SV perpetration. Six waves of data were collected nationally online, between 2006 and 2012, from 1586 youth between 10 and 21 years of age. Five types of SV were assessed: sexual harassment, sexual assault, coercive sex, attempted rape, and rape. To identify how prior exposures may predict the emergence of SV in adolescence, parsimonious lagged multivariable logistic regression models estimated the odds of first perpetrating each of the five types of SV within the context of other variables (e...
July 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678083/noninvasive-follicular-thyroid-neoplasm-with-papillary-like-nuclear-features
#8
Abir A Ghuzlan, Helton E Ramos, Martin Schlumberger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to present an overview regarding the renaming of encapsulated follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer as 'noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features'. RECENT FINDINGS: A recent retrospective study has shown the excellent clinical outcomes of noninvasive encapsulated follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer, for which the diagnosis is based on a thorough examination of all tumor tissue and its capsule to exclude any vascular or capsular invasion...
July 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676778/children-s-first-experience-of-taking-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-can-occur-before-their-10th-birthday-a-systematic-review-identifying-9-factors-that-predicted-doping-among-young-people
#9
Adam R Nicholls, Ed Cope, Richard Bailey, Katrin Koenen, Detlef Dumon, Nikolaos C Theodorou, Benoit Chanal, Delphine Saint Laurent, David Müller, Mar P Andrés, Annemarie H Kristensen, Mark A Thompson, Wolfgang Baumann, Jean-Francois Laurent
Taking performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) can cause serious and irreversible health consequences, which can ultimately lead to premature death. Some young people may take PEDs without fully understanding the ramifications of their actions or based on the advice from others. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify the main factors that predicted doping among young people. The literature was systematically reviewed using search engines, manually searching specialist journals, and pearl growing. Fifty-two studies, which included 187,288 young people aged between 10 and 21 years of age, 883 parents of adolescent athletes, and 11 adult coaches, who were interviewed regarding young athletes, were included in this review...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675195/how-to-deal-with-violent-and-aggressive-patients-in-acute-medical-settings
#10
R H Harwood
Dealing with violence and aggression is an area where health professionals often feel uncertain. Standing at the interface between medicine, psychiatry and law, the best actions may not be clear, and guidelines neither consistently applicable nor explicit. An aggressive, violent or abusive patient may be behaving anti-socially or criminally. But in acute medical settings it is more likely that a medical, mental health or emotional problem, or some combination thereof, is the explanation and usually we will not know the relative contribution of each element...
June 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671865/quality-of-life-after-surgery-for-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection-influences-of-different-operative-strategies
#11
Tamer Ghazy, Mohamed Eraqi, Adrian Mahlmann, Helena Hegelmann, Klaus Matschke, Utz Kappert, Norbert Weiss
BACKGROUND: Outcome of surgery for acute Stanford type A aortic dissection extends beyond mortality and morbidity. More than one operative strategy is available but little is known regarding their influence on quality of life. This study analyzes the influence of defensive and aggressive operative strategies on the patients' midterm quality of life (QoL). METHODS: From July 2007 to July 2010, 95 patients underwent surgery for acute Stanford type A aortic dissection in our institution...
June 22, 2017: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670586/factor-structure-of-the-conflict-tactics-scale-1
#12
Kaori Baba, Fumie Takauma, Katsuhiko Tada, Tomoko Tanaka, Kyoko Sakanashi, Yaeko Kataoka, Toshinori Kitamura
BACKGROUND: The Conflict Tactics Scale 1 (CTS1) is a widely used self-report measure of abusive attitudes of parents towards children. The factor structure of the CTS1 still remains to be clarified. The aim of this study was to examine the factor structure of the Japanese version of the CTS1 for postpartum women in community settings. METHOD: The data in this study came from the Okayama and Kumamoto's study. These were part of a larger survey using longitudinal questionnaire studies conducted in Japan from 2001 to 2002 and in 2011, respectively...
July 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670272/behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-impact-clinical-competence-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Elodie Bertrand, Eelco van Duinkerken, J Landeira-Fernandez, Marcia C N Dourado, Raquel L Santos, Jerson Laks, Daniel C Mograbi
Decision-making is considered a fundamental aspect of personal autonomy and can be affected in psychiatric and neurologic diseases. It has been shown that cognitive deficits in dementia impact negatively on decision-making. Moreover, studies highlighted impaired clinical competence in neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. In this context, the current study explored the relationship between behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and clinical competence, especially the capacity to consent to treatment, in Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666744/-three-years-experience-in-the-detection-and-follow-up-of-violence-against-the-elderly-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#14
Montserrat Lázaro Del Nogal, Cesareo Férnandez, Paloma Serrano, Andrés Santiago, Patricia Villavicencio, Teresa Martin
OBJECTIVES: The Hospital Clínico San Carlos Committee against violence established a protocol in 2012 in order to detect and follow-up violence against elderly persons. This article presents the experience after 3years of its introduction, as well as an analysis comparing the differences between those younger and older than 65years of age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All cases were collected during years 2013, 2014, and 2015, and were divided into two groups, A and B, according to age, younger or older than 65years...
June 27, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664607/formal-caregivers-experiences-of-aggressive-behaviour-in-older-people-living-with-dementia-in-nursing-homes-a-systematic-review
#15
Adelheid Holst, Lisa Skär
AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate formal caregivers' experiences of aggressive behaviour in older people living with dementia in nursing homes. BACKGROUND: Aggressive behaviour symptoms among older people living with dementia are reported to be prevalent. As aggressive behaviour includes both verbal and physical behaviours, such as kicking, hitting and screaming, it causes an increased burden on formal caregivers. Professionals experiencing this aggression perceived it as challenging, causing physical and psychological damage, leading to anger, stress and depression...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656985/-the-psychological-profile-of-pilots-of-passenger-planes-analysis-of-temperamental-traits-aggression-and-risk
#16
Ryszard Makarowski, Andrzej Piotrowski
BACKGROUND: Over the years it has been assumed, that the greater the number of pilot flight hours, the better the development of problem-solving skills among pilots. Research suggests, however, that the problem is more complex than that. Not only one's experience is of importance - temperament, aggression and risk may also affect the decision-making process under stressful conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 97 male pilots of passenger planes, who had flew ATRs, Boeings, Airbuses, Embraers, and Saabs...
July 26, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654192/problematic-drinking-mediates-the-association-between-urgency-and-intimate-partner-aggression-during-acute-intoxication
#17
Olivia S Subramani, Dominic J Parrott, Christopher I Eckhardt
BACKGROUND: This study tested a moderated-mediational model whereby dimensions of impulsivity (i.e., negative urgency, positive urgency, sensation seeking, lack of premeditation, and lack of perseverance) differentially predict perpetration of physical intimate partner aggression through problematic drinking in intoxicated and non-intoxicated heavy drinkers. METHODS: Participants were 249 heavy drinkers (148 men and 101 women) with a recent history of psychological and/or physical intimate partner aggression perpetration toward their current partner recruited from two metropolitan U...
June 27, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641202/pathological-narcissism-and-maladaptive-self-regulatory-behaviours-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-canadian-men
#18
David Kealy, John S Ogrodniczuk, Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe
Clinical observation has linked externalizing coping strategies such as substance overuse and aggressive behaviours with narcissistic personality dysfunction. This study examined the relationship between pathological narcissism and maladaptive self-regulatory behaviours among Canadian men. An online survey was distributed among a stratified, nationally representative sample of 1000 men from across Canada. The survey included brief self-report measures of pathological narcissism, maladaptive externalizing coping behaviours, and general psychological distress...
June 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611410/politeness-and-compassion-differentially-predict-adherence-to-fairness-norms-and-interventions-to-norm-violations-in-economic-games
#19
Kun Zhao, Eamonn Ferguson, Luke D Smillie
Adherence to norms and interventions to norm violations are two important forms of social behaviour modelled in economic games. While both appear to serve a prosocial function, they may represent separate mechanisms corresponding with distinct emotional and psychological antecedents, and thus may be predicted by different personality traits. In this study, we compared adherence to fairness norms in the dictator game with responses to violations of the same norms in third-party punishment and recompensation games with respect to prosocial traits from the Big Five and HEXACO models of personality...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607061/when-the-appeal-of-a-dominant-leader-is-greater-than-a-prestige-leader
#20
Hemant Kakkar, Niro Sivanathan
Across the globe we witness the rise of populist authoritarian leaders who are overbearing in their narrative, aggressive in behavior, and often exhibit questionable moral character. Drawing on evolutionary theory of leadership emergence, in which dominance and prestige are seen as dual routes to leadership, we provide a situational and psychological account for when and why dominant leaders are preferred over other respected and admired candidates. We test our hypothesis using three studies, encompassing more than 140,000 participants, across 69 countries and spanning the past two decades...
June 27, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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