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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141201/cardiovascular-risk-and-statin-eligibility-of-young-adults-after-an-myocardial-infarction-partners-young-mi-registry
#1
Avinainder Singh, Bradley L Collins, Ankur Gupta, Amber Fatima, Arman Qamar, David Biery, Julio Baez, Mary Cawley, Josh Klein, Jon Hainer, Jorge Plutzky, Christopher P Cannon, Khurram Nasir, Marcelo F Di Carli, Deepak L Bhatt, Ron Blankstein
BACKGROUND: Despite significant progress in primary prevention, the rate of MI has not declined in young adults. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate statin eligibility based on the 2013 American College of Cardiology / American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines for treatment of blood cholesterol and 2016 United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for statin use in primary prevention in a cohort of adults who experienced a first-time myocardial infarction (MI) at a young age...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130597/co-occurring-medical-conditions-in-adults-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review-toward-the-development-of-health-care-guidelines
#2
REVIEW
George T Capone, Brian Chicoine, Peter Bulova, Mary Stephens, Sarah Hart, Blythe Crissman, Andrea Videlefsky, Katherine Myers, Nancy Roizen, Anna Esbensen, Moya Peterson, Stephanie Santoro, Jason Woodward, Barry Martin, David Smith
Adults with Down syndrome (DS) represent a unique population who are in need of clinical guidelines to address their medical care. The United States Preventive Service Task Force (USPSTF) has developed criteria for prioritizing conditions of public health importance with the potential for providing screening recommendations to improve clinical care. The quality of existing evidence needed to inform clinical guidelines has not been previously reviewed. Using the National Library of Medicine (NLM) database PubMed, we first identified 18 peer reviewed articles that addressed co-occurring medical conditions in adults with DS...
November 12, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124241/us-preventive-services-task-force-prostate-specific-antigen-screening-guidelines-result-in-higher-gleason-score-diagnoses
#3
Glen Gejerman, Patrick Ciccone, Martin Goldstein, Vincent Lanteri, Burton Schlecker, John Sanzone, Michael Esposito, Sergey Rome, Michael Ciccone, Eric Margolis, Robert Simon, Yijun Guo, Sri-Ram Pentakota, Hossein Sadhegi-Nejad
Purpose: To evaluate the impact that the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening guidelines have had on the diagnosis of prostate cancer, we compared the incidence and distribution of new cases diagnosed in 2011-before the USPSTF PSA screening recommendations versus 2014 at which time the guidelines were widely adopted. Materials and Methods: We identified all prostate biopsies performed by a large urology group practice utilizing a centralized pathology lab...
November 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070541/gaps-in-evidence-regarding-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-pregnant-women-and-young-children-summary-of-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendations
#4
REVIEW
Alex R Kemper, Tina Fan, David C Grossman, Maureen G Phipps
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) makes recommendations to primary care providers regarding preventive services for asymptomatic patients. Recommendations are based on the scientific evidence that the delivery of the preventive service leads to improvements in meaningful patient outcomes. After a review of the available evidence, the USPSTF found insufficient evidence to recommend routine iron supplementation for pregnant women or routine screening for iron-deficiency anemia in pregnant women or young children...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056579/state-by-state-variation-in-prostate-specific-antigen-screening-trends-following-the-2011-united-states-preventive-services-task-force-panel-update
#5
Malte W Vetterlein, Deepansh Dalela, Jesse D Sammon, Patrick Karabon, Akshay Sood, Tarun Jindal, Christian P Meyer, Björn Löppenberg, Maxine Sun, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Mani Menon, Firas Abdollah
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate state-by-state trends in prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-screening prevalence after the 2011 United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation against this practice. METHODS: We included 222,475 men that responded to the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2012 and 2014 surveys, corresponding to early and late post-USPSTF populations. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of PSA-screening and to calculate the adjusted and weighted state-by-state PSA-screening prevalence and respective relative percent changes between 2012 and 2014...
October 19, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019063/statin-prescribing-in-the-elderly-special-considerations
#6
REVIEW
M Leya, N J Stone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our aim was to examine the current evidence behind prescribing statins to individuals over 65 years of age with emphasis on those older than 75. Individuals over 75 years of age may often have multiple comorbidities and take many medications. Additionally, they are often underrepresented in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of statins in older populations. While results of RCTs demonstrate the benefit of statin therapy in both primary and secondary prevention patients, clinicians must more carefully consider adverse effects and drug-drug interactions before prescribing statin therapy as well as determining the intensity in older individuals...
October 11, 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977112/psa-screening-for-prostate-cancer
#7
Marcus V Sadi
Screening of prostate cancer with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a highly controversial issue. One part of the controversy is due to the confusion between population screening and early diagnosis, another derives from problems related to the quality of existing screening studies, the results of radical curative treatment for low grade tumors and the complications resulting from treatments that affect the patient's quality of life. Our review aimed to critically analyze the current recommendations for PSA testing, based on new data provided by the re-evaluation of the ongoing studies and the updated USPSTF recommendation statement, and to propose a more rational and selective use of PSA compared with baseline values obtained at an approximate age of 40 to 50 years...
August 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973212/should-we-screen-this-patient-for-carotid-artery-stenosis-grand-rounds-discussion-from-beth-israel-deaconess-medical-center
#8
Gerald W Smetana, Marc Schermerhorn, Kenneth J Mukamal
In July 2014, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) published a clinical guideline on screening for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis. The guideline recommended against screening in asymptomatic adults, based primarily on the results of 3 large randomized trials (grade D recommendation). The principal screening test was carotid ultrasonography, and the intervention in the 3 trials was carotid endarterectomy for patients with stenosis exceeding 50% to 60%. In a meta-analysis, carotid endarterectomy reduced rates of 1) perioperative stroke, death, or subsequent ipsilateral stroke and 2) perioperative stroke, death, or any subsequent stroke...
October 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965781/trends-in-prostate-cancer-incidence-rates-and-prevalence-of-prostate-specific-antigen-screening-by-socioeconomic-status-and-regions-in-the-us-2004-2013
#9
Keisha A Houston, Jessica King, Jun Li, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether decreases in the prevalence of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening and prostate cancer incidence rates, following the US Preventive Service Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations against routine PSA, are similar across socioeconomic groups and US census regions. METHODS: We analyzed incidence rates and PSA screening prevalence by age, race/ethnicity, disease stage, US region, and area-level socioeconomic status. Annual percent changes were examined for changes in rates over time...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962947/management-of-progressive-pulmonary-nodules-found-during-and-outside-of-ct-lung-cancer-screening-studies
#10
REVIEW
Mathias Meyer, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart, Thomas Henzler, Daniel Buergy, Frank A Giordano, Michael Kostrzewa, Nils Rathmann, Odd Terje Brustugun, Lucio Crino, Anne-Marie C Dingemans, Michael Dusmet, Dean Fennell, Dominique Grunenwald, Rudolf Maria Huber, Marcin Moniuszko, Francoise Mornex, Mauro Papotti, Lothar Pilz, Suresh Senan, Kostas Syrigos, Maurice Pérol, Jhanelle E Gray, Christoph Schabel, Jan van Meerbeeck, Nico van Zandwijk, Cai Cun Zhou, Christian Manegold, Wieland Voigt, Eric Dominic Roessner
Although the effectiveness of screening for lung cancer remains controversial, it is a fact that the majority of lung cancers are diagnosed at an advanced stage outside of lung cancer screening programs. In 2013, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) revised its lung cancer screening recommendation, now supporting lung cancer screening by low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) in patients at high risk. This is also endorsed by many major medical societies and advocacy group stakeholders, however with different eligibility criteria...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934183/trends-in-cervical-cancer-screening-in-title-x-funded-health-centers-united-states-2005-2015
#11
Christina I Fowler, Mona Saraiya, Susan B Moskosky, Jacqueline W Miller, Julia Gable, Nancy Mautone-Smith
Cervical cancer screening is critical to early detection and treatment of precancerous cells and cervical cancer. In 2015, 83% of U.S. women reported being screened per current recommendations, which is below the Healthy People 2020 target of 93% (1,2). Disparities in screening persist for women who are younger (aged 21-30 years), have lower income, are less educated, are uninsured, lack a source of health care, or who self-identify as Asian or American Indian/Alaska Native (2). Women who are never screened or rarely screened are more likely to develop cancer and receive a cancer diagnosis at later stages than women who are screened regularly (3)...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919172/comments-on-the-uspstf-draft-recommendation-statement-on-menopausal-hormone-therapy-primary-prevention-of-chronic-conditions
#12
EDITORIAL
Antonio Cano, Margaret Rees, Tommaso Simoncini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878936/primary-care-physicians-utilization-of-type-2-diabetes-screening-guidelines-and-referrals-to-behavioral-interventions-a-survey-linked-retrospective-study
#13
Sandhya Mehta, Michelle Mocarski, Tami Wisniewski, Karin Gillespie, K M Venkat Narayan, Kathleen Lang
OBJECTIVE: To assess primary care physicians' (PCPs) knowledge of type 2 diabetes screening guidelines (American Diabetes Association (ADA) and 2008 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)), the alignment between their self-reported adherence and actual practice, and how often PCPs recommended diabetes prevention and self-management education programs (DPP/DSME). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: An online survey of PCPs to understand knowledge and adherence toward use of USPSTF/ADA guidelines and recommendation of DPP/DSME...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873168/vision-screening-in-children-aged-6-months-to-5-years-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#14
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: One of the most important causes of vision abnormalities in children is amblyopia (also known as "lazy eye"). Amblyopia is an alteration in the visual neural pathway in a child's developing brain that can lead to permanent vision loss in the affected eye. Among children younger than 6 years, 1% to 6% have amblyopia or its risk factors (strabismus, anisometropia, or both). Early identification of vision abnormalities could prevent the development of amblyopia. Subpopulation Considerations: Studies show that screening rates among children vary by race/ethnicity and family income...
September 5, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843306/uspstf-celiac-disease-screening-recommendations
#15
Laura Kivelä, Kalle Kurppa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818963/uspstf-is-unable-to-recommend-for-or-against-lipid-screening-to-identify-multifactorial-dyslipidaemia-in-childhood-no-recommendation-is-not-without-consequences
#16
REVIEW
Sarah D de Ferranti, Radley C Sheldrick
Paediatric lipid screening has been recommended for decades to identify youth at increased risk for early atherosclerotic disease but is controversial and not universally adopted. A 2016 review by the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) found inadequate evidence to recommend for or against lipid screening in childhood. In this Perspective article, we examine this controversial and important topic more broadly. We consider whether the USPSTF framework is asking the right questions, and whether the answers to these questions should be valued equally, whether the USPSTF questions are answerable and by what types of evidence and whether the burden of proof is appropriate...
August 17, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805475/menopausal-hormone-therapy-for-primary-prevention-why-the-uspstf-is-wrong
#17
R D Langer, J A Simon, A Pines, R A Lobo, H N Hodis, J H Pickar, D F Archer, P M Sarrel, W H Utian
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) Draft Recommendation statement on Menopausal Hormone Therapy: Primary Prevention for Chronic Diseases, released in May 2017, perpetuates a major disconnect between the primary population affected, women within roughly 10 years of menopause, and the data cited. Furthermore, major elements of the evidence relied upon have been misinterpreted or misstated, particularly in regard to coronary heart disease and breast cancer, for which there is no statistically significant evidence of harm...
August 14, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796758/recommendations-for-hiv-screening-of-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-united-states-2017
#18
Elizabeth A DiNenno, Joseph Prejean, Kathleen Irwin, Kevin P Delaney, Kristina Bowles, Tricia Martin, Amrita Tailor, Gema Dumitru, Mary M Mullins, Angela B Hutchinson, Amy Lansky
CDC's 2006 recommendations for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing state that all persons aged 13-64 years should be screened for HIV at least once, and that persons at higher risk for HIV infection, including sexually active gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM), should be rescreened at least annually (1). Authors of reports published since 2006, including CDC (2), suggested that MSM, a group that is at highest risk for HIV infection, might benefit from being screened more frequently than once each year...
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789659/consistency-and-sources-of-divergence-in-recommendations-on-screening-with-questionnaires-for-presently-experienced-health-problems-or-symptoms-a-comparison-of-recommendations-from-the-canadian-task-force-on-preventive-health-care-uk-national-screening-committee
#19
Brett D Thombs, Nazanin Saadat, Kira E Riehm, Justin Michael Karter, Akansha Vaswani, Bonnie K Andrews, Peter Simons, Lisa Cosgrove
BACKGROUND: Recently, health screening recommendations have gone beyond screening for early-stage, asymptomatic disease to include "screening" for presently experienced health problems and symptoms using self-report questionnaires. We examined recommendations from three major national guideline organizations to determine the consistency of recommendations, identify sources of divergent recommendations, and determine if guideline organizations have identified any direct randomized controlled trial (RCT) evidence for the effectiveness of questionnaire-based screening...
August 9, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753893/contemporary-trends-in-the-incidence-of-metastatic-prostate-cancer-among-us-men-results-from-nationwide-analyses
#20
Deepansh Dalela, Maxine Sun, Mireya Diaz, Patrick Karabon, Thomas Seisen, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Mani Menon, Firas Abdollah
Studies have noted contrasting findings with regard to the contemporary incidence of metastatic prostate cancer (PCa) in the USA, especially in light of the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations against prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening in recent years. We used data from the 18 population- based tumor registries of the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) 2004-2013 database to study trends in the incidence of metastatic PCa among men stratified by age and race...
May 12, 2017: European Urology Focus
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