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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458092/ramifications-of-the-children-s-surgery-verification-program-for-patients-and-hospitals
#1
Katherine J Baxter, Bonnie F Gale, Curtis D Travers, Kurt F Heiss, Mehul V Raval
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons in 2015 instituted the Children's Surgery Verification (CSV) program delineating requirements for hospitals providing pediatric surgical care. Our purpose was to examine possible effects of the CSV program by evaluating neonates undergoing high-risk operations. STUDY DESIGN: Using the Kid's Inpatient Database 2009, we identified infants undergoing surgery for five high risk neonatal conditions. We considered all children's hospitals and children's units Level I centers and considered all others Level II/III...
February 16, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457986/effect-of-oral-stimulation-on-feeding-performance-and-weight-gain-in-preterm-neonates-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Pareshkumar A Thakkar, H R Rohit, Rashmi Ranjan Das, Ukti P Thakkar, Amitabh Singh
Background In preterm infants, oral stimulation enhances muscle tone and movement which facilitates normal oral motor developmental patterns improving oral feeding performance. Aim To study the effects on feeding performance, transition to independent oral feeding, weight gain and length of hospital stay of an oral stimulation programme in preterm neonates. Study design This randomised controlled trial was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital over a period of 10 months. Altogether, 102 preterm neonates (30-34 weeks gestation) were randomised into the intervention group (oro-motor stimulation for 5 min twice a day, n = 51) or the control group (routine care only, n = 51)...
February 19, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457660/prevalence-of-orofacial-clefts-and-risks-for-nonsyndromic-cleft-lip-with-or-without-cleft-palate-in-newborns-at-a-university-hospital-from-west-mexico
#3
Jorge Román Corona-Rivera, Lucina Bobadilla-Morales, Alfredo Corona-Rivera, Christian Peña-Padilla, Sandra Olvera-Molina, Miriam A Orozco-Martín, Diana García-Cruz, Izabel M Ríos-Flores, Brian Gabriel Gómez-Rodríguez, Gemma Rivas-Soto, J Jesús Pérez-Molina
We determined the overall prevalence of typical orofacial clefts (OFCs) and the potential risks for nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without palate (NSCL±P) in a University Hospital from west México. For the prevalence, 227 live born infants with typical OFCs were included from a total of 81,193 births occurred during the period 2009 to 2016 at the 'Dr. Juan I. Menchaca' Civil Hospital of Guadalajara (Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico). To evaluate potential risks, a case-control study was conducted among 420 newborns, including only those 105 patients with NSCL±P (cases), and 315 infants without birth defects (controls)...
February 19, 2018: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457647/learning-of-hierarchical-serial-patterns-emerges-in-infancy
#4
David J Lewkowicz, Mark A Schmuckler, Diane M J Mangalindan
Recursive, hierarchically organized serial patterns provide the underlying structure in many cognitive and motor domains including speech, language, music, social interaction, and motor action. We investigated whether learning of hierarchical patterns emerges in infancy by habituating 204 infants to different hierarchical serial patterns and then testing for discrimination and generalization of such patterns. Results indicated that 8- to 10-month-old and 12- to 14-month-old infants exhibited sensitivity to the difference between hierarchical and non-hierarchical structure but that 4- to 6-month-old infants did not...
February 19, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457580/food-and-beverage-intakes-according-to-physical-activity-levels-in-european-children-the-idefics-identification-and-prevention-of-dietary-and-lifestyle-induced-health-effects-in-children-and-infants-study
#5
Alba M Santaliestra-Pasías, Jaime E Llamas Dios, Ole Sprengeler, Antje Hebestreit, Stefaan De Henauw, Gabriele Eiben, Regina Felsö, Fabio Lauria, Michael Tornaritis, Toomas Veidebaum, Valeria Pala, Luis A Moreno
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) levels and dietary habits are considered some of the most important factors associated with obesity. The present study aimed to examine the association between PA level and food and beverage consumption in European children (2-10 years old). Design/Setting/Subjects A sample of 7229 children (49·0 % girls) from eight European countries participating in the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of Dietary and lifestyle induced health EFfects In Children and infantS) study was included...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457574/motherese-affect-and-vocabulary-development-dyadic-communicative-interactions-in-infants-and-toddlers
#6
Shruti Dave, Ann M Mastergeorge, Lesley B Olswang
Responsive parental communication during an infant's first year has been positively associated with later language outcomes. This study explores responsivity in mother-infant communication by modeling how change in guiding language between 7 and 11 months influences toddler vocabulary development. In a group of 32 mother-child dyads, change in early maternal guiding language positively predicted child language outcomes measured at 18 and 24 months. In contrast, a number of other linguistic variables - including total utterances and non-guiding language - did not correlate with toddler vocabulary development, suggesting a critical role of responsive change in infant-directed communication...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457570/infant-formulae-supplemented-with-prebiotics-are-they-better-than-unsupplemented-formulae-an-updated-systematic-review
#7
Agata Skórka, Małgorzata Pieścik-Lech, Maciej Kołodziej, Hania Szajewska
In 2011, the Committee on Nutrition of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition systematically reviewed published evidence related to the safety and health effects of the administration of formulae supplemented with pro- and/or prebiotics compared with unsupplemented formulae. We updated evidence on the effects of the administration of prebiotic-supplemented infant formulae (IF) compared with unsupplemented IF. Five databases were searched up to March 2017 for randomised controlled trials...
February 19, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457498/factors-associated-with-maternal-depression-in-the-maldives-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
R Abdul Raheem, Hui J Chih, Colin W Binns
The aim of the study was to document perinatal depression in mothers in the Maldives and associated factors. A cohort of 458 mothers was recruited at the 2 major hospitals in Malé, the Maldives, and followed from 36 weeks of pregnancy to 3 months after birth. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was used to measure maternal depression. Maternal sociodemographic factors and infant's health were also recorded. The prevalence of depressive symptoms (EPDS score ≥13) at 36 weeks of pregnancy and at 1 and 3 months postpartum were 24%, 27%, and 12%, respectively...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457481/selection-and-use-of-health-services-for-infants-needs-by-indigenous-mothers-in-canada-integrative-literature-review
#9
A Wright, O Wahoush, M Ballantyne, C Gabel, S M Jack
In Canada, Indigenous infants experience significant health disparities when compared to non-Indigenous infants, including significantly higher rates of birth complications and infant mortality rates. The use of primary health care is one way to improve health outcomes; however, Indigenous children may use health services less often than non-Indigenous children. To improve health outcomes within this growing population, it is essential to understand how caregivers, defined here as mothers, select and use health services in Canada...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457312/update-on-tuberculosis-biomarkers-from-correlates-of-risk-to-correlates-of-active-disease-and-of-cure-from-disease
#10
REVIEW
Delia Goletti, Meng-Rui Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang, Nicholas Walter, Tom H M Ottenhoff
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a devastating disease, yet despite its enormous toll on global health, tools to control TB are insufficient and often outdated. TB Biomarkers (TB-BM) would constitute extremely useful tools to measure infection status and predict outcome of infection, vaccination or therapy. There are several types of TB-BM: Correlate of Infection; Correlate of TB Disease; Correlate of Increased Risk of Developing Active TB Disease; Correlate of the Curative Response to Therapy; and Correlate of Protection (CoP)...
February 18, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457307/iron-and-infection-an-investigation-of-the-optimal-iron-hypothesis-in-lima-peru
#11
Achsah F Dorsey, Amanda L Thompson, Ronald E Kleinman, Christopher P Duggan, Mary E Penny
OBJECTIVES: This article explores the optimal iron hypothesis through secondary data analysis of the association between hemoglobin levels and morbidity among children living in Canto Grande, a peri-urban community located on the outskirts of Lima, Peru. METHODS: Risk ratios were used to test whether lower iron status, assessed using the HemoCue B-Hemoglobin System, was associated with an increased relative risk of morbidity symptoms compared to iron replete status, controlling for infant age, sex, weight for height z-score, maternal education, and repeated measures in 515 infants aged 6-12 months...
February 19, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457208/children-deserve-smoke-free-world
#12
REVIEW
R Remesh Kumar, P R Jayakumar, R Krishna Mohan
Tobacco smoke, active or passive exposure was the major cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the world during twentieth century and will continue to be the same in the twenty-first century also if the current trends continue. Both active and passive smoking are having significance in relation to child health. Exposure starts antenatally from placenta to the fetus and later phases through passive exposure to experimental and regular smoking and ultimately addiction and habitual smoking. Evidences are in favour of causal relationship with intrauterine growth restriction, sudden infant death syndrome, decreased pulmonary function, increased risk for respiratory tract infection, otitis media, wheeze, asthma, neurobehavioral disorders, cleft palate and triggering pathogenesis of fetal and childhood onset of adult diseases, especially pulmonary and cardio vascular diseases...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457151/the-impact-of-igg-transplacental-transfer-on-early-life-immunity
#13
Genevieve G Fouda, David R Martinez, Geeta K Swamy, Sallie R Permar
Pediatric vaccines have significantly reduced infectious disease-related infant mortality, but as protective immunity often require several infant vaccine doses; maternally-acquired antibodies are critical to protect infants during the first months of life. Consequently, immunization of pregnant women is an important strategy not only to protect mothers from infection, but also to provide immunity to young infants. Nevertheless, maternal immunization can also negatively impact early life immunity. In fact, maternal antibodies can interfere with the development of infant immune responses, though it is unclear if such interference is clinically significant...
January 1, 2018: ImmunoHorizons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457055/tuberculin-skin-test-conversion-and-primary-progressive-tuberculosis-disease-in-the-first-5-years-of-life-a-birth-cohort-study-from-cape-town-south-africa
#14
Leonardo Martinez, David M le Roux, Whitney Barnett, Attie Stadler, Mark P Nicol, Heather J Zar
Background: Tuberculosis is a leading cause of global childhood mortality. However, the epidemiology and burden of tuberculosis in infancy is not well understood. We aimed to investigate tuberculin skin test conversion and tuberculosis in the Drakenstein Child Health study, a South African birth cohort in a community in which tuberculosis incidence is hyperendemic. Methods: In this prospective birth cohort study, we enrolled pregnant women older than 18 years who were between 20 and 28 weeks' gestation and who were attending antenatal care in a peri-urban, impoverished South African setting...
January 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457015/solitary-digital-nodule-in-an-infant
#15
Archana Singal, Ishmeet Kaur, Vinod Kumar Arora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457002/early-dietary-patterns-and-microbiota-development-still-a-way-to-go-from-descriptive-interactions-to-health-relevant-solutions
#16
REVIEW
Patricia Iozzo, Elena Sanguinetti
Early nutrition and growth in the initial years of life are important determinants of later body weight and metabolic health in humans, and the current epidemic of obesity involving children requires a better understanding of causal and protective mechanisms and components in infant foods. This review focuses on recent evidence implicating feeding modes (e.g., breast milk and formula milk) and dietary transitions toward complementary foods in the progression of microbiota maturation in children. The literature exploring body weight outcomes of microbiota changes induced by diet in early life is limited...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456862/thin-laryngeal-foreign-bodies-in-infants-diagnostic-potential-of-mdct
#17
Antonella Concerto, Marco Cavallaro, Carmela Visalli, Anna Maria Bagnato, Ugo Barbaro, Ignazio Salamone
A laryngeal foreign body (FB) is a significant, life-threatening event in the paediatric population. Incomplete airways obstruction by a thin, laminar, radiolucent FB lodged in the glottis or supraglottis is a rare occurrence that may present with non-specific symptoms, absence of chest findings, and normal radiographic investigations, resulting in misdiagnosis, delay in diagnosis, or prolonged recovery. We report two cases of 10-month-old male infants, each with a thin radiolucent FB lodged between the vocal folds that was detected with low-dose multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and thin-slice reconstruction...
April 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456694/correlation-of-expression-levels-of-caspase-3-and-bcl-2-in-alveolar-lavage-fluid-in-neonatal-respiratory-distress-syndrome-and-prognosis
#18
Yongmei Li, Lu Lin, Qingxi Wang
This study was designed to investigate the correlation between expression levels of cysteine aspartic protease-3 (caspase-3) and B-cell lymphoma gene-2 (Bcl-2) proteins in alveolar lavage fluid and the prognosis of infants with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). A total of 150 infants with neonatal RDS undergoing alveolar lavages were divided into four groups: RDS1 (group A, n=42), RDS2 (group B, n=38), RDS3 (group C, n=38) and RDS4 (group D, n=32) according to their thoracic X-ray film grading. The oxygen uptake score, oxygenation saturation, mean airway pressure and expression levels of caspase-3 and Bcl-2 in alveolar lavage fluid of the infants in the four groups were measured and compared...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456649/protective-effect-of-miconazole-on-rat-myelin-sheaths-following-premature-infant-cerebral-white-matter-injury
#19
Xuewen Su, Wenyan Tang, Zuo Luan, Yinxiang Yang, Zhaoyan Wang, Yu Zhang, Qian Wang, Lei Suo, Zhen Huang, Xiue Wang, Haifeng Yuan
The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects of miconazole on myelin sheaths following cerebral white matter damage (WMD) in premature infant rats. Sprague Dawley rats (3-days-old) were randomly divided into four groups (n=30 each) as follows: Sham surgery group, WMD model group, 10 mg/kg/day treatment group and 40 mg/kg/day treatment group. A cerebral white matter lesion model was created by ligating the right common carotid artery for 80 min. Treatment groups were administered with 10 or 40 mg/kg miconazole at 4-8 days following birth (early treatment group) or 5-11 days following birth (late treatment group)...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456590/delayed-initiation-of-breastfeeding-in-bukavu-south-kivu-eastern-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Richard Mbusa Kambale, Jérémie Bisimwa Buliga, Nancy Francisca Isia, Adolphe Nyakasane Muhimuzi, Oreste Battisti, Bruno Masumbuko Mungo
Background: Timely initiation of breastfeeding can decrease neonatal mortality. However, about 50% of newborns are not breastfeed within 1 h of birth in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with delayed initiation of breastfeeding in an urban and rural area of Bukavu, South Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Methods: We interviewed 396 mother-newborn pairs (185 in the urban area and 211 in the rural area) between 20 July and 10 October 2016...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
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