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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724298/definitions-of-healing-and-healing-interventions-across-different-cultures
#1
Ann H Lichtenstein, Ann Berger, M Jennifer Cheng
For centuries healing has been embedded in non-Western cultures. Traditional cultures believe that healing is derived from the divine and utilize a holistic approach to healing including the body, mind, and spirit. The community and environment are key elements in individual healing along with herbal remedies and ceremonies. Western cultures have accepted some traditional methods of relaxation and exercise, such as yoga and tai chi. In this paper we will examine some similar themes of traditional practices to better understand traditional patients' healing paradigm and find new tools as practitioners of Western medicine...
July 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715960/histone-methylation-by-set-domain-proteins-in-fungi
#2
Michael Freitag
Histone-modifying enzymes are responsible for regulating transcription, recombination, DNA repair, DNA replication, chromatid cohesion, and chromosome segregation. Fungi are ideally suited for comparative chromatin biology because sequencing of numerous genomes from many clades is coupled to existing rich methodology that allows truly holistic approaches, integrating evolutionary biology with mechanistic molecular biology and ecology, promising applications in medicine or plant pathology. While genome information is rich, mechanistic studies on histone modifications are largely restricted to two yeasts, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe, and one filamentous fungus, Neurospora crassa-three species that arguably are not representative of this diverse kingdom...
July 17, 2017: Annual Review of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702077/a-research-on-syndrome-element-differentiation-based-on-phenomenology-and-mathematical-method
#3
Enliang Yan, Jialin Song, Chaonan Liu, Wenxue Hong
BACKGROUND: As an empirical medical system independent of conventional Western medicine (CWM), over thousands of years, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has established its own unique method of diagnosis and treatment. The perspective of holism and system in TCM is essentially different from the view of Reductionism in CWM. With the development of modern science and technology, the restriction of reductionism is more and more prominent, and researchers begin to pay more attention to holistic thinking in TCM...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695806/illness-attribution-of-outpatients-with-multiple-somatic-symptoms-in-peking-union-medical-college-hospital
#4
Tao Li, Xia Hong, Nana Xiong, Jing Jiang, Xiayuan Sun, Liming Zhu, Guoqing Tian, Jing Wei
Objective To explore the characteristics of illness attribution of outpatients with multiple somatic symptoms in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Methods It was a cross-sectional study conducted from March to October,2012. A total of 150 outpatients were recruited from the departments of Gastroenterology,Traditional Chinese Medicine and Psychological Medicine by convenience sampling. Somatic symptom scale of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-15) was used to screening each patient in the waiting list...
June 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691151/integrated-and-global-pseudotargeted-metabolomics-strategy-applied-to-screening-for-quality-control-markers-of-citrus-tcms
#5
Yisong Shu, Zhenli Liu, Siyu Zhao, Zhiqian Song, Dan He, Menglei Wang, Honglian Zeng, Cheng Lu, Aiping Lu, Yuanyan Liu
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) exerts its therapeutic effect in a holistic fashion with the synergistic function of multiple characteristic constituents. The holism philosophy of TCM is coincident with global and systematic theories of metabolomics. The proposed pseudotargeted metabolomics methodologies were employed for the establishment of reliable quality control markers for use in the screening strategy of TCMs. Pseudotargeted metabolomics integrates the advantages of both targeted and untargeted methods...
July 10, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#6
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686181/how-can-synergism-of-traditional-medicines-benefit-from-network-pharmacology
#7
REVIEW
Haidan Yuan, Qianqian Ma, Heying Cui, Guancheng Liu, Xiaoyan Zhao, Wei Li, Guangchun Piao
Many prescriptions of traditional medicines (TMs), whose efficacy has been tested in clinical practice, have great therapeutic value and represent an excellent resource for drug discovery. Research into single compounds of TMs, such as artemisinin from Artemisia annua L., has achieved great success; however, it has become evident that a TM prescription (which frequently contains various herbs or other components) has a synergistic effect in effecting a cure or reducing toxicity. Network pharmacology targets biological networks and analyzes the links among drugs, targets, and diseases in those networks...
July 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682298/wound-biofilm-current-perspectives-and-strategies-on-bio-lm-disruption-and-treatments
#8
Jean de Leon, Gregory A Bohn, Lawrence DiDomenico, Regina Fearmonti, H David Gottlieb, Katherine Lincoln, Jayesh B Shah, Mark Shaw, Horatio S Taveau Iv, Kerry Thibodeaux, John D Thomas, Terry A Treadwell
Many wound care centers (WCCs) provide a specialized level of care using various wound care therapies and are managed by quali ed healthcare professionals (QHPs) from di erent specialty backgrounds such as family medicine, podiatry, and plastic surgery. However, these QHPs are sometimes challenged by reimbursement issues, limited therapy and dressing options, reduced access to multidisciplinary team members, and cost-driven factors unique to WCCs. To help address these issues, a meeting was convened by an expert panel of WCC physicians to discuss best practices for treating complex patients in a WCC...
October 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677911/characterization-and-discrimination-of-raw-and-vinegar-baked-bupleuri-radix-based-on-uhplc-q-tof-ms-coupled-with-multivariate-statistical-analysis
#9
Tianli Lei, Shifeng Chen, Kai Wang, Dandan Zhang, Lin Dong, Chongning Lv, Jing Wang, Jincai Lu
Bupleuri Radix is a commonly used herb in clinic, and raw and vinegar-baked Bupleuri Radix are both documented in the Pharmacopoeia of People's Republic of China. According to the theories of traditional Chinese medicine, Bupleuri Radix possesses different therapeutic effects before and after processing. However, the chemical mechanism of this processing is still unknown. In this study, an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with quadruple time-of-flight mass spectrometry coupled with multivariate statistical analysis including principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least square-discriminant analysis was developed to holistically compare the difference between raw and vinegar-baked Bupleuri Radix for the first time...
July 5, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667937/metabolic-profiling-of-the-traditional-chinese-medicine-formulation-yu-ping-feng-san-for-the-identification-of-constituents-relevant-for-effects-on-expression-of-tnf-%C3%AE-ifn-%C3%AE-il-1%C3%AE-and-il-4-in-u937-cells
#10
Nikles Stefanie, Monschein Marlene, Zou Huiqin, Liu Yong, He Xiaojuan, Fan Danping, Lu Aiping, Yu Kate, Isaac Giorgis, Bauer Rudolf
Yu Ping Feng San (YPFS) is a classical TCM formulation which has been traditionally used for treatment of immune system related diseases such as chronic bronchitis, allergic rhinitis and asthma. The formula is a mixture of Radix Saposhnikoviae (Fangfeng), Radix Astragali (Huangqi), and Rhizoma Atractylodis macrocephalae (Baizhu). TLC- and LC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS methods have been developed for the analysis of the metabolic profiles of the single herbs and of the formula. Decoctions and ASE extracts were analyzed in order to trace components of the individual herbs in YPFS...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652803/effects-of-acculturation-coping-strategies-locus-of-control-and-self-efficacy-on-chronic-pain-study-of-chinese-immigrant-women-in-italy-insights-from-a-thematic-field-analysis
#11
Tania Simona Re, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Anna Siri, César Cisneros Puebla, Susanne Friese, Mário Simões, Joël Candau, Hicham Khabbache
Chronic pain represents a common public health concern worldwide. It is a complex phenomenon, owing to the interaction of different factors, including biological, physiological, psychological, environmental, and social variables. Some groups, such as women and immigrants, are particularly vulnerable. However, little is known about how Chinese women in Italy live with and face chronic pain. The present study aimed at filling this knowledge gap by examining the burden of chronic pain in Chinese immigrants in Italy in terms of acculturation processes, perceived control over disease, social networks, and coping strategies...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650854/recent-developments-in-deuterium-oxide-tracer-approaches-to-measure-rates-of-substrate-turnover-implications-for-protein-lipid-and-nucleic-acid-research
#12
Matthew S Brook, Daniel J Wilkinson, Philip J Atherton, Ken Smith
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Methods that inform on dynamic metabolism that can be applied to clinical populations to understand disease progression and responses to therapeutic interventions are of great importance. This review perspective will highlight recent advances, development, and applications of the multivalent stable isotope tracer deuterium oxide (D2O) to the study of substrate metabolism with particular reference to protein, lipids, and nucleic acids, and how these methods can be readily applied within clinical and pharmaceutical research...
June 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619670/hyponatraemia-diagnosis-and-treatment-clinical-practice-guidelines
#13
Goce Spasovski, Raymond Vanholder, Bruno Allolio, Djillali Annane, Steve Ball, Daniel Bichet, Guy Decaux, Wiebke Fenske, Ewout J Hoorn, Carole Ichai, Michael Joannidis, Alain Soupart, Robert Zietse, Maria Haller, Sabine van der Veer, Wim van Biesen, Evi Nagler, Liliana Gonzalez-Espinoza, Alberto Ortiz
Hyponatremia, defined as a serum sodium concentration <135mmol/l, is the most common water-electrolyte imbalance encountered in clinical practice. It can lead to a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms, from mild to severe or even life threatening, and is associated with increased mortality, morbidity and length of hospital stay. Despite this, the management of hyponatremia patients remains problematic. The prevalence of hyponatremia in a wide variety of conditions and the fact that hyponatremia is managed by clinicians with a broad variety of backgrounds have fostered diverse institution- and specialty-based approaches to diagnosis and treatment...
June 12, 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619388/metabolomics-highlights-pharmacological-bioactivity-and-biochemical-mechanism-of-traditional-chinese-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Ming Wang, Lin Chen, Dan Liu, Hua Chen, Dan-Dan Tang, Ying-Yong Zhao
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has attracted increasing interest throughout the world because of its potential complementary therapy and an abundant source for new drug discovery. TCM possesses the significant bioactivity of the use of multi-component drugs and can act multiple targets by multiple components. Metabolomics is a holistic investigation of numerous metabolite responses of complex biology systems to pathological stimuli and drug treatments based on the global metabolic profiles in complex biological matrixes...
June 13, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618913/a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-prevention
#15
Catriona Jennings, Felicity Astin
Cardiovascular disease accounts for 17,500 deaths globally, representing nearly half of all non-communicable disease deaths. The World Health Organization has set nine lifestyle, risk factor and medicines targets to achieve by 2025 with the aim of reducing premature mortality from non-communicable diseases by 25%. In order to succeed in this, we need to equip our global health professional workforce with the skills to support patients and their families with making lifestyle changes and being in concordance with cardioprotective medication regimes at every opportunity...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606807/recent-pharmaceutical-evidence-on-the-compatibility-rationality-of-traditional-chinese-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Miaomiao Zhou, Yanlong Hong, Xiao Lin, Lan Shen, Yi Feng
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chinese herbs have been used in China for thousands of years and are also becoming popular in Western medicine. Formulae of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which contain two or more herbs, can often obtain better curative efficacies and fewer side effects than single herbs. Though there are many reports on pharmaceutics, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of TCM, there remains a serious lack of summarization and systemic analyses of these reported data to help uncover the compatibility rationale of TCM...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600490/treating-tobacco-dependence-guidance-for-primary-care-on-life-saving-interventions-position-statement-of-the-ipcrg
#17
O C P Van Schayck, S Williams, V Barchilon, N Baxter, M Jawad, P A Katsaounou, B J Kirenga, C Panaitescu, K W I G Tsiligianni, N Zwar, A Ostrem
Tobacco smoking is the world's leading cause of premature death and disability. Global targets to reduce premature deaths by 25% by 2025 will require a substantial increase in the number of smokers making a quit attempt, and a significant improvement in the success rates of those attempts in low, middle and high income countries. In many countries the only place where the majority of smokers can access support to quit is primary care. There is strong evidence of cost-effective interventions in primary care yet many opportunities to put these into practice are missed...
June 9, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596936/new-bioengineering-breakthroughs-and-enabling-tools-in-regenerative-medicine
#18
REVIEW
Alvaro Mata, Helena S Azevedo, Lorenzo Botto, Nuria Gavara, Lei Su
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we provide a general overview of recent bioengineering breakthroughs and enabling tools that are transforming the field of regenerative medicine (RM). We focus on five key areas that are evolving and increasingly interacting including mechanobiology, biomaterials and scaffolds, intracellular delivery strategies, imaging techniques, and computational and mathematical modeling. RECENT FINDINGS: Mechanobiology plays an increasingly important role in tissue regeneration and design of therapies...
2017: Current Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592473/implementing-the-sccm-family-centered-care-guidelines-in-critical-care-nursing-practice
#19
Maureen Coombs, Kathleen A Puntillo, Linda S Franck, Elizabeth A Scruth, Maurene A Harvey, Sandra M Swoboda, Judy E Davidson
Family-centered care is an important component of holistic nursing practice, particularly in critical care, where the impact on families of admitted patients can be physiologically and psychologically burdensome. Family-centered care guidelines, developed by an international group of nursing, medical, and academic experts for the American College of Critical Care Medicine/Society of Critical Care Medicine, explore the evidence base in 5 key areas of family-centered care. Evidence in each of the guideline areas is outlined and recommendations are made about how critical care nurses can use this information in family-centered care practice...
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580556/-the-application-of-body-mind-spirit-integrated-psychotherapy-in-nursing-practice
#20
Fei-Hsiu Hsiao
Body-mind-spirit integrated psychotherapy reflects the core value of nursing by emphasizing the inseparable concept of body, mind, and spirit and caring for the holistic needs of the patient. Body-mind-spirit integrated psychotherapy was developed based on Western psychotherapy (positive psychology and forgiveness therapy), traditional Chinese medicine, and the Eastern philosophies of Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism. The present paper describes the holistic concepts that underpin this therapeutic approach...
June 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
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