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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344454/critical-review-of-family-health-advisory-services-assessment-in-mbbs-training-program-in-community-medicine
#1
Kiran Goswami, H Salve, S Malhotra, Y Kumar
Context: Family Health Advisory Services (FHAS) posting as well as its assessment is resource demanding but fails to enjoy priority. Study focuses on a holistic overview of the assessment process to understand need for change. Aims: The aim of this study is to identify perceived gaps in current assessment practices related to FHAS posting. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional mixed method study among all the V semester students currently undergoing assessment for the posting, past students (selected VII semester students and interns), preceptors (supervising residents - postgraduate students in department and senior resident, health assistants, medical social service officer), and involved faculty...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341031/getting-more-than-you-paid-for-unauthorized-natural-substances-in-herbal-food-supplements-on-eu-market
#2
Marijana Zovko Končić
As the population in the industrialized world develops preference for what is perceived as a natural and holistic way of disease treatment, the popularity and the number of food supplements on the market, including herbal ones, is experiencing an unprecedented rise. However, unlike herbal medicinal products, intended for treating or preventing disease, current legislation classifies food supplements as products intended for achieving nutritional or physiological effect and to supplement the normal diet. Accordingly, most food supplements are not to be associated with specific health claims...
January 16, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338780/coping-with-dry-eyes-a-qualitative-approach
#3
Sharon Yeo, Louis Tong
BACKGROUND: Dry eye is a common problem that affects many people worldwide, reducing quality of life and impacting daily activities. A qualitative approach often used in medicine and other disciplines is used to evaluate how people with dry eye cope with this impact. METHODS: Six focus group sessions were conducted at the Singapore National Eye Centre (SNEC), premises of an eye research institute. These focus groups consist of a spectrum of dry eye sufferers (30 women, 8 men, aged 61 ± 11...
January 16, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322473/pharmaceutical-care-and-health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-over-the-past-25%C3%A2-years-have-we-measured-dimensions-that-really-matter
#4
REVIEW
Mohammed A Mohammed, Rebekah J Moles, Timothy F Chen
Background Several measures of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) have been used to evaluate Pharmaceutical Care (PC) interventions in the past decades. However, their suitability for evaluation of PC services has not been comprehensively evaluated. Aim of the review The aim of this review was to perform content analysis of HRQoL measures used in PC studies to gain an insight into their suitability for evaluation of PC services. Method PC studies evaluating HRQoL as a primary or secondary outcomes were retrieved based on a literature search of articles published from 1990 to 2015, on Medline, Embase, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Global Health, PsycInfo, Web of Science, Cinahl, HealthStar, Cochrane Library, AUSThealth, Australian Medical Index, and Current content...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321985/traditional-persian-medicine-and-management-of-metabolic-dysfunction-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#5
REVIEW
Ayda Hosseinkhani, Nasrin Asadi, Mehdi Pasalar, Mohammad M Zarshenas
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. Its cause is unknown and it remains the most enigmatic of reproductive disorders. The extant written documents of Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) - with holistic approaches towards human health - contain remedies used for centuries. Before further experimental research on any of these treatments, it is appropriate to study current related scientific evidence on their possible pharmacological actions. This work aims to study PCOS and its treatments in TPM...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305045/integrative-medicine-or-infiltrative-pseudoscience
#6
Ben Li, Thomas L Forbes, John Byrne
Evidence-based medicine, first described in 1992, offers a clear, systematic, and scientific approach to the practice of medicine. Recently, the non-evidence-based practice of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been increasing in the United States and around the world, particularly at medical institutions known for providing rigorous evidence-based care. The use of CAM may cause harm to patients through interactions with evidence-based medications or if patients choose to forego evidence-based care...
January 2, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290201/a-definition-of-family-medicine-and-general-practice
#7
M Jawad Hashim
Definitions of general practice and family medicine have tended to be difficult to understand. We propose a new definition that is brief and clear. General practice / family medicine is defined as the medical specialty that manages common and long-term illnesses in children and adults, focusing on overall health and well-being. The definition should be followed by local examples of diseases within the scope of primary care such as asthma, diabetes as well as end-of-life care. This definition is based on the concept of common illnesses, reflecting the reality that family physicians manage most health conditions in a community...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288323/impact-of-holistic-review-on-student-interview-pool-diversity
#8
Christina J Grabowski
Diversity in the physician workforce lags behind the rapidly changing US population. Since the gateway to becoming a physician is medical school, diversity must be addressed in the admissions process. The Association of American Medical Colleges has implemented a Holistic Review Initiative aimed at assisting medical schools with broadening admission criteria to include relevant, mission-driven attributes and experiences in addition to academic preparation to identify applicants poised to meet the needs of a diverse patient population...
December 29, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261540/looking-back-to-move-forward-first-year-medical-students-meta-reflections-on-their-narrative-portfolio-writings
#9
Hetty Cunningham, Delphine Taylor, Urmi A Desai, Samuel C Quiah, Benjamin Kaplan, Lorraine Fei, Marina Catallozzi, Boyd Richards, Dorene F Balmer, Rita Charon
The day-to-day rigors of medical education often preclude learners from gaining a longitudinal perspective on who they are becoming. Furthermore, the current focus on competencies, coupled with concerning rates of trainee burnout and a decline in empathy, have fueled the search for pedagogic tools to foster students' reflective capacity. In response, many scholars have looked to the tradition of narrative medicine to foster "reflective spaces" wherein holistic professional identity construction can be supported...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258513/systems-healthcare-a-holistic-paradigm-for-tomorrow
#10
REVIEW
Massimo S Fiandaca, Mark Mapstone, Elenora Connors, Mireille Jacobson, Edwin S Monuki, Shaista Malik, Fabio Macciardi, Howard J Federoff
Systems healthcare is a holistic approach to health premised on systems biology and medicine. The approach integrates data from molecules, cells, organs, the individual, families, communities, and the natural and man-made environment. Both extrinsic and intrinsic influences constantly challenge the biological networks associated with wellness. Such influences may dysregulate networks and allow pathobiology to evolve, resulting in early clinical presentation that requires astute assessment and timely intervention for successful mitigation...
December 19, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258334/a-comprehensive-review-of-recent-studies-on-pharmacokinetics-of-traditional-chinese-medicines-2014-2017-and-perspectives
#11
Peiying Shi, Xinhua Lin, Hong Yao
Traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) have a long history for safely treating human diseases. Unlike western medicine, TCMs usually contain multiple components synergistically and holistically acting on the diseases. It remains a big challenge to represent rationally the in vivo process of multiple components of TCMs for understanding the relationship between administration and therapeutic effects. For years, efforts were always made to face the challenge, and the achievements were obvious. Here, we give an comprehensive overview of the recent investigation progress (from 2015 to 2017, except the part of 'integrated pharmacokinetics of TCMs' from 2014 to 2017 and the part of 'reverse pharmacokinetics in drug discovery from natural medicines' in 2014) on pharmacokinetics of TCMs, mainly referring to the following six aspects: (1) classical pharmacokinetic studies on TCMs; (2) absorbed components and metabolites identification of TCMs; (3) pharmacokinetic herb-drug interactions and herb-herb interactions with TCMs; (4) integrated pharmacokinetics of TCMs; (5) pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic combination studies to dissect the action mechanisms of TCMs; and (6) reverse pharmacokinetics in drug discovery from natural medicines...
December 19, 2017: Drug Metabolism Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250966/advancing-research-on-traditional-whole-systems-medicine-approaches
#12
Paul J Mills, Sheila Patel, Tiffany Barsotti, Christine Tara Peterson, Deepak Chopra
While the intention of Integrative Medicine (IM) is whole person medicine, it has for the most part remained driven by individual modalities. Like the practice of IM itself, IM research too has been driven primarily by studies on individual modalities. There are significant challenges to moving research on whole systems medicine forward, with funding being at the top of the list. Historically, NIH has not been receptive to supporting research on whole systems, preferring instead to support studies that are more individual modality driven so that mechanisms can be identified...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239153/time-to-change-the-classical-vision-of-coagulation-in-liver-disease-from-the-balance-disequilibrium-to-the-systems-biology-network-modelling
#13
Annabel Blasi, Joan C Reverter
The longstanding dogma that patients with liver disease have a hemostasis related bleeding tendency is neglected from the last 10 years however, despite this tremendous change of paradigm no longer progress had been made in this field. A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language. Mathematical models are able to analyze large amount of data and they can make predictions about behavior. Mathematical models are used in the social sciences, engineering as well as in medicine...
December 13, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218269/blood-based-biomarkers-for-precision-medicine-in-lung-cancer-precision-radiation-therapy
#14
REVIEW
Dirk De Ruysscher, Jianyue Jin, Tim Lautenschlaeger, Jin-Xiong She, Zhongxing Liao, Feng-Ming Spring Kong
Both tumors and patients are complex and models that determine survival and toxicity of radiotherapy or any other treatment ideally must take into account this variability as well as its dynamic state. The genetic features of the tumor and the host, and increasingly also the epi-genetic and proteomic characteristics, are being unraveled. Multiple techniques, including histological examination, blood sampling, measurement of circulating tumor cells (CTCs), and functional and molecular imaging, can be used for this purpose...
December 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217726/the-association-between-the-use-of-biomedical-services-and-the-holistic-use-of-traditional-east-asian-medicine-a-national-survey-of-outpatients-in-south-korea
#15
Jae-Mahn Shim, Yun-Suk Lee
OBJECTIVES: The holistic use of a system of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is potentially linked to its treatment outcomes. This paper examines how the use of biomedicine is associated with the holistic use of CAM, focusing on traditional East Asian medicine (EM) that is uniquely integrated in the medical system in South Korea. DESIGN/SETTINGS: A representative national sample of EM outpatients in South Korea. PARTICIPANTS: 3861 survey respondents...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214177/linked-registries-connecting-rare-diseases-patient-registries-through-a-semantic-web-layer
#16
Pedro Sernadela, Lorena González-Castro, Claudio Carta, Eelke van der Horst, Pedro Lopes, Rajaram Kaliyaperumal, Mark Thompson, Rachel Thompson, Núria Queralt-Rosinach, Estrella Lopez, Libby Wood, Agata Robertson, Claudia Lamanna, Mette Gilling, Michael Orth, Roxana Merino-Martinez, Manuel Posada, Domenica Taruscio, Hanns Lochmüller, Peter Robinson, Marco Roos, José Luís Oliveira
Patient registries are an essential tool to increase current knowledge regarding rare diseases. Understanding these data is a vital step to improve patient treatments and to create the most adequate tools for personalized medicine. However, the growing number of disease-specific patient registries brings also new technical challenges. Usually, these systems are developed as closed data silos, with independent formats and models, lacking comprehensive mechanisms to enable data sharing. To tackle these challenges, we developed a Semantic Web based solution that allows connecting distributed and heterogeneous registries, enabling the federation of knowledge between multiple independent environments...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210973/manuka-honey-a-case-study-of-severe-atopic-eczematous-dermatitis-reaction-to-henna-tattoo
#17
Jeanine Harrison
Many mainstream medications were derived from plants and originally utilized in patient management well prior to the extensive research and testing processes of current pharmaceutical standards. The evolution of therapeutic management within the pharmaceutical and skin care industry often uses synthetic processing of products with less of a focus on the natural ingredients from which they were originally derived. However, more recently there has been a shift in pharmacological management to include the therapeutic use of more holistic medicines and practices and thus a broadening of the uses of nontraditional medical treatment options...
October 2017: Plastic Surgical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210253/should-anthroposophic-medicinal-products-be-regulated-in-europe
#18
Geneviève Michaux
European Commission’s reports suggest that the European Union should address the status of anthroposophic products, i.e. products that are developed, manufactured and prescribed in accordance with the holistic approach on which anthroposophic medicine is based. Anthroposophic products cannot be placed as such on the European market because they cannot meet the marketing authorisation or even registration requirements set out by European or national pharmaceutical law. Yet, the 95-year European tradition and good safety profile of anthroposophic products justify giving them an easier access to market...
March 2017: European Journal of Health Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203749/didactic-aspects-of-cognition-of-human-as-a-bio-psycho-socio-cultural-personality
#19
Borys I Palamar, Halyna O Vaskivska, Svitlana P Palamar
Modern education, according to leading Ukrainian scientists, requires the development of a new paradigm, which will consider the phenomenon of man holistically. The article describes didactic aspects of cognition of human as a bio-psycho-socio-cultural personality, as social fact, as a phenomenon. For the actualization of the didactic aspects of the problem, the authors used the methods of scientific literature analysis, systemic analysis and generalizations, analysis own practice of didactic and methodological character...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202775/nam-dia-long-a-vietnamese-folk-formula-induces-apoptosis-in-mcf-7-cells-through-various-mechanisms-of-action
#20
My-Nuong Thi Nguyen, Thuy-Duong Ho-Huynh
BACKGROUND: The holistic approach of traditional medicine renders the identification of its mechanisms of action difficult. Microarray technology provides an efficient way to analyze the complex genome-wide gene expression of cells treated with mixtures of medicinal ingredients. We performed transcriptional profiling of MCF-7 cells treated with Nam Dia Long (NDL), a Vietnamese traditional formula, to explore the mechanism of action underlying the apoptosis inducing effect of this formula reported in a previous study...
December 4, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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