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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223427/late-outcome-of-percutaneous-mitral-commissurotomy-randomized-comparison-of-inoue-versus-double-balloon-technique
#1
Sahmin Lee, Duk-Hyun Kang, Dae-Hee Kim, Jong-Min Song, Jae-Kwan Song, Seong-Wook Park, Seung-Jung Park
BACKGROUND: Late prognosis after successful percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC) is unclear. We compared late results of PMC using Inoue versus double-balloon techniques up to 25 years in a randomized trial. METHODS: Between 1989 and 1995, 302 patients (77 men, 41 ± 11 years) with severe mitral stenosis were randomly assigned to undergo PMC using Inoue (n = 152; group I) or double-balloon technique (n = 150; group D). The end points were the composite events of death, mitral surgery, repeat PMC, or deterioration of New York Heart Association (NYHA) class ≥3...
December 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119227/-hyaluronic-acid-gels-for-pressure-regulation-in-glaucoma-treatment
#2
REVIEW
M Thaller, H Böhm, C Lingenfelder, F Geiger
BACKGROUND: The increasing numbers of glaucoma patients and complications occuring during treatment, such as restenosis and hypotony, require new treatment options to prevent blindness in patients. Therefore, the abovementioned problems should be solved to prolong the lifetime of implants and to prevent repeated surgery. OBJECTIVE: Can a novel stent with hyaluronic acid hydrogels (HA gel) as a functional unit be used to regulate pressure in glaucoma therapy in the long term? MATERIAL AND METHODS: Model stents were filled with HA gels and it was investigated if these could regulate the pressure and what the underlying mechanism is...
November 8, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096801/outcomes-with-transcatheter-mitral-valve-repair-in-the-united-states-an-sts-acc-tvt-registry-report
#3
Paul Sorajja, Sreekanth Vemulapalli, Ted Feldman, Michael Mack, David R Holmes, Amanda Stebbins, Saibal Kar, Vinod Thourani, Gorav Ailawadi
BACKGROUND: Post-market surveillance is needed to evaluate the real-world clinical effectiveness and safety of U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved devices. OBJECTIVES: The authors examined the commercial experience with transcatheter mitral valve repair for the treatment of mitral regurgitation. METHODS: Data from the Society of Thoracic Surgery/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry on patients commercially treated with transcatheter mitral valve repair were analyzed...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073315/derivation-of-a-clinical-model-to-predict-unchanged-inpatient-echocardiograms
#4
Craig G Gunderson, Elizabeth S Gromisch, John J Chang, Brian J Malm
BACKGROUND: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is one of the most commonly ordered tests in healthcare. Repeat TTE, defined as a TTE done within 1 year of a prior TTE, represents 24% to 42% of all studies. The purpose of this study was to derive a clinical prediction model to predict unchanged repeat TTE, with the goal of defining a subset of studies that are unnecessary. METHODS: Single-center retrospective cohort study of all hospitalized patients who had a repeat TTE between October 1, 2013, and September 30, 2014...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062751/those-who-do-not-remember-the-past-are-condemned-to-repeat-it
#5
Prem S Shekar, Daniel Rinewalt
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for aortic valve stenosis has rapidly progressed from its initial application in the inoperable or high-risk patients to those determined to be intermediate and low risk. It is our concern this has occurred without adequate knowledge or examination of the long-term durability of TAVR valves and the impact on subsequent aortic valve surgery, should it be required. In this editorial, we provide insight and reflect upon lessons learned from past surgical techniques and their subsequent abandonment...
September 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021274/prevalence-and-outcomes-of-left-sided-valvular-heart-disease-associated-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Zainab Samad, Joseph A Sivak, Matthew Phelan, Phillip J Schulte, Uptal Patel, Eric J Velazquez
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an adverse prognostic marker for valve intervention patients; however, the prevalence and related outcomes of valvular heart disease in CKD patients is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Included patients underwent echocardiography (1999-2013), had serum creatinine values within 6 months before index echocardiogram, and had no history of valve surgery. CKD was defined as diagnosis based on the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision or an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min per 1...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992972/atrioventricular-valve-regurgitation-in-patients-undergoing-total-cavopulmonary-connection-impact-of-valve-morphology-and-underlying-mechanisms-on-survival-and-reintervention
#7
Masamichi Ono, Julie Cleuziou, Jelena Pabst von Ohain, Elisabeth Beran, Melchior Burri, Martina Strbad, Alfred Hager, Jürgen Hörer, Christian Schreiber, Rüdiger Lange
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to determine the mechanisms of atrioventricular valve regurgitation in single-ventricle physiology and their influence on outcomes after total cavopulmonary connection. METHODS: Among 460 patients who underwent a total cavopulmonary connection, 101 (22%) had atrioventricular valve surgery before or coincident with total cavopulmonary connection. RESULTS: Atrioventricular valve morphology showed 2 separated in 33 patients, mitral in 11 patients, tricuspid in 41 patients, and common in 16 patients...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982560/surgery-versus-transcatheter-interventions-for-significant-paravalvular%C3%A2-prosthetic-leaks
#8
Xavier Millán, Ismail Bouhout, Anna Nozza, Karla Samman, Louis-Mathieu Stevens, Yoan Lamarche, Antonio Serra, Anita W Asgar, Ismail El-Hamamsy, Raymond Cartier, Michel Pellerin, Stephane Noble, Phillipe Demers, Reda Ibrahim, E Marc Jolicœur, Denis Bouchard
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the relative merit of surgical correction (SC) versus transcatheter reduction on long-term outcomes in patients with significant paravalvular leak (PVL) refractory to medical therapy. BACKGROUND: PVL is the most frequent dysfunction following prosthetic valve replacement. Although repeat surgery is the gold standard, transcatheter reduction (TR) of PVL has been associated with reduced mortality. METHODS: From 1994 to 2014, 231 patients underwent SC (n = 151) or TR (n = 80) PVL correction...
October 9, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975821/normokalemic-nondepolarizing-long-acting-blood-cardioplegia
#9
Amber Malhotra, Vivek Wadhawa, Jaydip Ramani, Pankaj Garg, Pranav Sharma, Himani Pandya, Dayesh Rodricks, Reema Tavar
Objective Blood cardioplegia, the gold-standard cardioprotective strategy, requires frequent dosing, resulting in hyperkalemia-induced myocardial edema. The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy and safety of a long-acting blood-based cardioplegia with physiological potassium levels versus the well-established cold blood St. Thomas' Hospital no. 1 cardioplegia solution in multivalve surgeries. Methods One hundred patients undergoing simultaneous elective aortic and mitral valve replacement ± tricuspid valve repair were randomized in two groups...
September 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944175/long-term-outcome-of-simultaneous-septal-myectomy-and-anterior-mitral-leaflet-retention-plasty-in-hypertrophic-obstructive-cardiomyopathy-the-berlin-experience
#10
Eva Maria Delmo Walter, Mariano Francisco Javier, Roland Hetzer
BACKGROUND: Various surgical strategies designed to relieve left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) and correct mitral regurgitation (MR) in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) have evolved, yet reports on the long-term outcomes of each technique are scarce. We provide an update on over 20 years' experience at our institution in the standardized surgical treatment of HOCM. METHODS: Between April 1986 and April 2014, 320 cases of endomyocardial resection and 305 septal myectomies were performed at our institution...
July 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935512/analysis-of-short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-patients-with-surgically-treated-left-sided-infective-endocarditis-a-5-year-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#11
Oksana Marushchak, Holy Cole, Brett Hiebert, Evelyn Lo, Yoav Keynan, James Tam, Nasir Shaikh, Alan H Menkis, Rakesh C Arora, Pallav Shah
This study aims to analyze survival, repeat hospitalization, and risk factors for surgically treated left-sided endocarditis. Retrospective review of all 166 (114 native and 52 prosthetic) patients operated between January 2004 and March 2015 was performed. Long-term survival and repeat hospitalization data for 134 of 166 patients were obtained via linked clinical databases with the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy. Kaplan-Meier estimates of survival and hospital readmission and Cox multivariable regression analysis of factors influencing outcomes were performed...
August 23, 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934975/right-anterolateral-thoracotomy-an-attractive-alternative-to-repeat-sternotomy-for-high-risk-patients-undergoing-reoperative-mitral-and-tricuspid-valve-surgery
#12
Hailong Cao, Qing Zhou, Fudong Fan, Yunxing Xue, Jun Pan, Dongjin Wang
BACKGROUND: Reoperative cardiac valve surgery via sternotomy is associated with a substantial morbidity and mortality. This study evaluated the right anterolateral thoracotomy for high-risk patients undergoing mitral and tricuspid valve redo procedures. METHODS: Out of a series of 173 patients undergoing redo cardiac valve surgery, 24 patients were reoperative via the right anterolateral thoracotomy as the high-risk group on the basis of the proximity of the heart and great vessels to the sternum and the presence and location of patent bypass grafts...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855450/clinical-implication-of-transaortic-mitral-pannus-removal-during-repeat-cardiac-surgery-for-patients-with-mechanical-mitral-valve
#13
Byungjoon Park, Kiick Sung, Pyo Won Park
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of transaortic mitral pannus removal (TMPR).Methods and Results:Between 2004 and 2016, 34 patients (median age, 57 years; 30 women) with rheumatic disease underwent pannus removal on the ventricular side of a mechanical mitral valve through the aortic valve during reoperation. The median time interval from the previous surgery was 14 years. TMPR was performed after removal of the mechanical aortic valve (n=21) or diseased native aortic valve (n=11)...
August 31, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751436/a-striking-image-of-spontaneous-echo-contrast-in-severe-mitral-stenosis-in-a-patient-with-good-international-normalised-ratio-inr-control
#14
Daniel A Jeffery, Guy Lloyd, Arjun K Ghosh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740710/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-followed-by-minimally-invasive-valve-surgery-compared-with-median-sternotomy-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-and-valve-surgery-in-patients-with-prior-cardiac-surgery
#15
Orlando Santana, Steve Xydas, Roy F Williams, Angelo LaPietra, Maurice Mawad, Jason C Wigley, Nirat Beohar, Christos G Mihos
BACKGROUND: In patients with prior cardiac surgery requiring re-operative coronary and valve surgery, a hybrid approach of percutaneous coronary intervention followed by minimally invasive valve surgery (PCI + MIVS) may be an alternative to the standard median sternotomy coronary artery bypass and valve surgery (CABG + valve). METHODS: The outcomes of patients with prior cardiac surgery, presenting with coronary artery and valvular disease, who underwent PCI + MIVS (N=39) were retrospectively compared with those who underwent CABG + valve (N=28) via a repeat median sternotomy, between February 2009 and April 2014...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691908/high-pressure-balloon-fracturing-of-small-dysfunctional-mitroflow-bioprostheses-facilitates-transcatheter-aortic-valve-in-valve-implantation
#16
Jens Erik Nielsen-Kudsk, Asger Andersen, Christian Juhl Therkelsen, Evald Høj Christensen, Kaare Troels Jensen, Lars Romer Krusell, Mariann Tang, Kim Allan Terp, Kaj-Erik Klaaborg, Jacob Raben Greisen, Bjarne Linde Nørgaard, Henning Rud Andersen
AIMS: Transcatheter valve-in-valve (VIV) implantation is usually discouraged in small surgical tissue valves. We report our first ten cases of fracturing small dysfunctional Mitroflow bioprostheses by high-pressure balloon dilatation to increase the internal diameter of the surgical valve before VIV (BF-VIV). METHODS AND RESULTS: BF-VIV was performed in 10 patients (mean age 84±4 years) with failing Mitroflow valves size 19 mm (n=3, threshold of fracture 15 atm) and 21 mm (n=7, threshold of fracture 13 atm)...
September 10, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645241/long-term-outcome-after-right-ventricle-to-pulmonary-artery-conduit-surgery-and-reintervention
#17
Kristofer Skoglund, Gunnar Svensson, Ulf Thilén, Mikael Dellborg, Peter Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract with a conduit is an established surgical procedure in congenital heart disease and reinterventions are common. OBJECTIVE: An increasing number of patients have a conduit, but there are few population-based studies of long-term outcomes after conduit surgery, reoperations, and transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement. METHODS: In April 2015, all adult patients with a conduit were identified in the Swedish National Registry for Congenital Heart Disease (SWEDCON)...
October 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589481/surgical-case-of-isolated-pulmonary-valve-endocarditis-in-a-patient-without-predisposing-factors
#18
Kyohei Hatori, Satoshi Ohki, Tamiyuki Obayashi, Kiyomitsu Yasuhara, Hanako Hirai, Takao Miki
We report a case of isolated pulmonary valve endocarditis in a 47-year-old woman without predisposing factors. She had episodes of low-grade fever and non-productive cough and was initially diagnosed with bacterial pneumonia. With antibiotic treatment, her condition improved transiently, but she had repeated respiratory events. Forty days after her first visit, she complained of severe dyspnea. Echocardiography revealed a large vegetation adhering to the pulmonary valve and she was diagnosed with isolated pulmonary valve endocarditis...
June 6, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583682/outcome-of-stent-graft-implantation-for-treatment-of-access-site-bleeding-after-transfemoral-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#19
Adi Segal, Moshe Y Flugelman, Nader Khader, Ronen Rubinshtein, Idit Lavi, Ron Karmeli, Ayman Jubran, Avinoam Shiran, Ronen Jaffe
Vascular complications are common after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Stent graft implantation enables percutaneous treatment of access site bleeding; however, the efficacy and durability and of this approach are unknown. We studied the immediate outcome of stent graft implantation for control of access site bleeding and the need for repeat vascular interventions after stenting, in a cohort of consecutive patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis who underwent transfemoral TAVR...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559828/multisystem-disease-including-eosinophilia-and-progressive-hyper-creatine-kinase-emia-over-10-years-suggests-mitochondrial-disorder
#20
Josef Finsterer, Johannes Huber
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilia has not been reported as a manifestation of a mitochondrial disorder (MID). Here, we report a patient with clinical features suggesting a MID and permanent eosinophilia, multisystem disease, and progressive hyper-creatine-kinase (CK)-emia for at least 10 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Methods applied included a clinical exam, blood chemical investigations, electrophysiological investigations, imaging, and invasive cardiological investigations...
January 2017: Case Reports in Neurology
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