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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920984/staphylococcus-lugdunensis-endocarditis-with-destruction-of-the-ventricular-septum-and-multiple-native-valves
#1
Celestine Ishiekwene, Monica Ghitan, Margaret Kuhn-Basti, Edward Chapnick, Yu Shia Lin
Staphylococcus lugdunensis (S. lugdunensis) is a coagulase negative staphylococcus (CoNS) that can cause destructive infective endocarditis. S. lugdunensis, unlike other CoNS, should be considered to be a pathogen. We report the first case of S. lugdunensis endocarditis causing ventricular septal defect and destruction of the aortic and mitral valves. A 53-year-old male with morbid obesity and COPD presented with intermittent fever and progressive shortness of breath for 2 weeks. Chest examination showed bilateral basal crepitations, and a grade 2 systolic murmur along the right sternal border...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919764/postoperative-atrial-tachycardias-following-mitral-valve-surgery-mechanisms-and-outcomes-of-catheter-ablation
#2
Andres Enriquez, Pasquale Santangeli, Erica Zado, Jackson Liang, Simon Castro, Fermin Garcia, Robert Schaller, Gregory Supple, David Frankel, David Callans, David Lin, Sanjay Dixit, Rajat Deo, Michael Riley, Francis Marchlinski
BACKGROUND: Atrial tachycardias (ATs) including atrial fibrillation (AF) are common arrhythmias late after mitral valve (MV) surgery and their management is challenging. OBJECTIVE: To determine the electrophysiological mechanisms of ATs in patients with prior MV surgery and the long-term outcomes of catheter ablation. METHODS: We studied 67 consecutive patients (age 59.4±10.6 years, 41 male) with a history of MV surgery who presented with ATs post-operatively between 2007-2015...
December 2, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867962/tricuspid-valve-in-valve-implantation-for-failing-bioprosthetic-valves-an-evolving-standard-of-care
#3
COMMENT
Sidakpal S Panaich, Mackram F Eleid
Redo surgery for bioprosthetic tricuspid valve failure is associated with high morbidity and mortality. In recent years, transcatheter tricuspid valve-in-valve (VIV) therapy utilizing ballon-expandable transcatheter valves has become available. The tricuspid Valve-in-Valve International Data (VIVID) registry initial results represent the largest experience with tricuspid VIV therapy, demonstrating high procedural success rates with low 30 days mortality and excellent survival free of repeat tricuspid intervention in 1 year...
October 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855225/incidence-predictors-and-clinical-outcomes-of-postoperative-cardiac-tamponade-in-patients-undergoing-heart-valve-surgery
#4
Seng Chan You, Chi Young Shim, Geu-Ru Hong, Darae Kim, In Jeong Cho, Sak Lee, Hyuck-Jae Chang, Jong-Won Ha, Byung-Chul Chang, Namsik Chung
This study aimed to investigate the incidence, predictors, and clinical outcomes of cardiac tamponade after heart valve surgery. A total of 556 patients who underwent heart valve surgery in a single tertiary center between January 2010 and March 2012 were studied. All patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) about 5 days after surgery and TTE was repeated regularly. Patients with suspected acute pericardial hemorrhage were excluded. Cardiac tamponade occurred in twenty-four (4.3%) patients and all underwent surgical or percutaneous pericardial drainage...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826345/long-term-results-of-early-surgery-versus-conventional-treatment-for-infective-endocarditis-trial
#5
Duk-Hyun Kang, Sahmin Lee, Yong-Jin Kim, Sung-Han Kim, Dae-Hee Kim, Sung-Cheol Yun, Jong-Min Song, Cheol-Hyun Chung, Jae-Kwan Song, Jae-Won Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Compared with conventional treatment, early surgery significantly reduced the composite end point of all-cause death and embolic events during hospitalization, but long-term data in this area are lacking. This study sought to compare long-term outcomes of early surgery with a conventional treatment strategy in patients with infective endocarditis (IE) and large vegetations. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Early Surgery versus Conventional Treatment in Infective Endocarditis (EASE) trial randomly assigned patients with left-sided IE, severe valve disease and large vegetation to early surgery (37 patients) or conventional treatment groups (39 patients)...
November 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816208/absent-ileocecal-valve-predicts-the-need-for-repeated-step-in-children
#6
Tomas Wester, Helene Engstrand Lilja, Pernilla Stenström, Mikko Pakarinen
BACKGROUND: Serial transverse enteroplasty facilitates weaning from parenteral support in selected patients with short bowel syndrome, although repeated procedure is frequently required. Our aim was to evaluate the outcome of a series of patients after serial transverse enteroplasty and define predictors of repeated serial transverse enteroplasty and weaning off parenteral support. METHODS: All children who underwent serial transverse enteroplasty at 4 Nordic pediatric surgery centers from 2004-2015 were included in this observational study...
November 3, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799829/bleb-incarceration-following-ahmed-valve-surgery
#7
Fredric J Gross, Giovanni DiSandro
Globe luxation is a painful and potentially vision-threatening condition in which the globe becomes trapped behind the eyelids requiring physician intervention in the emergency department or eye clinic. On presentation, the patient typically complains of an inability to close their eye, severe foreign body sensation, decreased vision, and significant eye pain. Although most visual symptoms are reversible and primarily result from exposure keratopathy, optic nerve damage, and permanent vision loss can occur from repeat or prolonged episodes of globe luxation...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777698/poor-outcome-following-percutaneous-balloon-mitral-valvotomy-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#8
Naser Aslanabadi, Samad Ghaffari, Naser Khezerlouy Aghdam, Masoumeh Ahmadzade, Babak Kazemi, Babak Nasiri, Ahmad Separham, Bahram Sohrabi, Mohamadreza Taban, Arash Aslanabadi
Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) and it may increase complications and decreases success rates of percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy (PBMV). This study aimed to investigate the short and long term results of PBMV in patients with AF compared to sinus rhythm (SR). Methods: In this cross sectional study, 1000 patients with MS who had undergone PBMV between 1999 and 2013 were enrolled including 585 and 415 patients with AF and SR respectively...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773397/long-term-results-of-percutaneous-balloon-valvuloplasty-of-congenital-aortic-stenosis-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#9
Neeraj Awasthy, Ria Garg, S Radhakrishnan, Savitri Shrivastava
: Balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) is a well accepted modality of treatment in congenital aortic stenosis in all age groups. Although in infants and children it is the modality of choice, in adolescents and young adults, it is of debatable efficacy. AIM: To evaluate long-term results of aortic valvuloplasty particularly in adolescent and adults (>12 years) and compare the outcome in other age groups that are <1 year and between 1 are 11 years. SETTING: Tertiary referral center...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751265/right-atrial-myxoma-clinically-mimicking-recurrence-of-rheumatic-valve-disease-long-time-after-mitral-valve-repair
#10
Gauranga Majumdar, Surendra Agarwal, Shantanu Pande, Satyendra Tewari
Right atrial myxomas are rare. Its occurrence in a previously operated patient of rheumatic mitral stenosis posed clinical diagnostic challenge. We herein report a case of right atrial myxoma who had undergone mitral valve repair 20 years ago and now presented in congestive heart failure. The tumor was arising from the ostium of the coronary sinus and prolapsed into the right ventricle causing significant right ventricular inflow and outflow obstruction. Urgent repeat cardiac surgery was successfully performed to remove the tumor along with mitral valve replacement...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709537/impact-of-preprocedural-atrial-fibrillation-on-immediate-and-long-term-outcomes-after-successful-percutaneous-mitral-valvuloplasty-of-significant-mitral-stenosis
#11
Shiro Miura, Takeshi Arita, Takenori Domei, Kyohei Yamaji, Yoshimitsu Soga, Makoto Hyodo, Shinichi Shirai, Kenji Ando
Optimal time to perform percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty (PMV) for patients with significant mitral stenosis (MS) and atrial fibrillation (AF) remains controversial. We sought to identify prognostic factors and evaluate long-term clinical outcomes after PMV of 77 consecutive patients with MS with a mitral valve area (MVA) <1.5 cm(2). According to baseline heart rhythm, these patients were divided into sinus rhythm (SR; n = 24) and AF (n = 53) groups. The study endpoint was defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, admission for heart failure, mitral valve surgery, repeated PMV, and major cerebral vascular accident during follow-up...
October 5, 2016: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697505/computed-tomography-assessment-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-in-valve-implantation-the-vancouver-approach-to-predict-anatomical-risk-for-coronary-obstruction-and-other-considerations
#12
Philipp Blanke, Jeanette Soon, Danny Dvir, Jong K Park, Christopher Naoum, Shaw-Hua Kueh, David A Wood, Bjarne L Norgaard, Kapilan Selvakumar, Jian Ye, Anson Cheung, John G Webb, Jonathon Leipsic
Valve-in-valve implantation of a transcatheter heart valve into a failed bioprosthetic heart valve has emerged as a treatment alternative to repeat conventional surgery. This requires careful pre-procedural assessment using non-invasive imaging to identify patients at risk for procedure related adverse events, such as ostial coronary occlusion. Herein we report how to comprehensively assess aortic root anatomy using computed tomography prior to transcatheter valve implantation for failed bioprosthetic aortic valves...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624351/transcatheter-valve-in-valve-implantation-versus-redo-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-in-patients-with-failed-aortic-bioprostheses
#13
Miriam Silaschi, Olaf Wendler, Moritz Seiffert, Liesa Castro, Edith Lubos, Johannes Schirmer, Stefan Blankenberg, Hermann Reichenspurner, Ulrich Schäfer, Hendrik Treede, Philip MacCarthy, Lenard Conradi
OBJECTIVES: Transcatheter aortic valve-in-valve implantation (ViV) is a new treatment for failing bioprostheses (BP) in patients with high surgical risk. However, comparative data, using standard repeat surgical aortic valve replacement (redo-SAVR), are scarce. We compared outcomes after ViV with those after conventional redo-SAVR in two European centres with established interventional programmes. METHODS: In-hospital databases were retrospectively screened for patients ≥60 years, treated for failing aortic BP...
September 13, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619328/left-main-coronary-artery-atresia-in-an-infant-with-inclusion-cell-disease
#14
Rachel L Bounds, Joseph Kuebler, Jill M Cholette, George M Alfieris, Sitaram M Emani, Carol A Wittlieb-Weber
A 2-month-old male with dysmorphic facies, neonatal thrombocytopenia, left congenital cataract, and long bone abnormalities became hypotensive with ST depression on induction of anesthesia for congenital cataract repair. Echocardiogram demonstrated decreased left ventricular function (ejection fraction 46%), mild mitral valve regurgitation (MR), and regional wall motion abnormalities. The left coronary artery could not be visualized. Subsequent cardiac catheterization confirmed atresia of the left main coronary artery...
September 12, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587432/percutaneous-device-closure-of-paravalvular-leak-combined-experience-from-the-united-kingdom-and-ireland
#15
Patrick A Calvert, David B Northridge, Iqbal S Malik, Leonard Shapiro, Peter Ludman, Shakeel A Qureshi, Michael Mullen, Robert Henderson, Mark Turner, Martin Been, Kevin P Walsh, Ivan Casserly, Lindsay Morrison, Nicola L Walker, John Thomson, Mark S Spence, Vaikom S Mahadevan, Angela Hoye, Philip A MacCarthy, Matthew J Daniels, Paul Clift, William R Davies, Philip D Adamson, Gareth Morgan, Suneil K Aggarwal, Yasmin Ismail, Julian O M Ormerod, Habib R Khan, Sujay Subash Chandran, Joseph de Giovanni, Bushra S Rana, Oliver Ormerod, David Hildick-Smith
BACKGROUND: Paravalvular leak (PVL) occurs in 5% to 17% of patients following surgical valve replacement. Percutaneous device closure represents an alternative to repeat surgery. METHODS: All UK and Ireland centers undertaking percutaneous PVL closure submitted data to the UK PVL Registry. Data were analyzed for association with death and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) at follow-up. RESULTS: Three hundred eight PVL closure procedures were attempted in 259 patients in 20 centers (2004-2015)...
September 27, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554386/spontaneous-intramural-hematoma-of-the-colon
#16
Samuel Fernandes, Ana Rita Gonçalves, Luís Araújo Correia
A 73-year-old man was admitted to our clinic with sudden left quadrant abdominal pain and hematochezia. There was no history of trauma. He denied other symptoms or taking off-the-counter medication. His medical history was relevant for ischemic and aortic-mitral valve disease with prosthetic valves for which he was medicated with aspirin and warfarin. On physical examination the patient presented normal vital signs with tenderness on palpation of the left side of the abdomen. Laboratory tests revealed moderate anemia (10...
August 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543116/non-nosocomial-healthcare-associated-left-sided-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-endocarditis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Hideharu Hagiya, Takeshi Tanaka, Kohei Takimoto, Hisao Yoshida, Norihisa Yamamoto, Yukihiro Akeda, Kazunori Tomono
BACKGROUND: With the development of invasive medical procedures, an increasing number of healthcare-associated infective endocarditis cases have been reported. In particular, non-nosocomial healthcare-associated infective endocarditis in outpatients with recent medical intervention has been increasingly identified. CASE PRESENTATION: A 66-year-old man with diabetes mellitus and a recent history of intermittent urethral self-catheterization was admitted due to a high fever...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492647/percutaneous-balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty-and-clinical-outcomes-in-severe-aortic-stenosis-correlation-of-procedural-technique-and-efficacy
#18
Deepakraj Gajanana, David Wheeler, David Hsi, Richard Kovach, Jon C George
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty (PBAV) is a palliative therapeutic option for relief of severe aortic stenosis (AS) in patients that are poor surgical or transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) candidates or as a bridge to definitive therapy. The outcomes following PBAV are highly variable and studies identifying factors that correlate with outcomes are sparse. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors at the time of the index procedures that can predict 1-year survival or need for repeat PBAV...
December 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468927/is-mitral-valve-repair-superior-to-mitral-valve-replacement-in-elderly-patients-comparison-of-short-and-long-term-outcomes-in-a-propensity-matched-cohort
#19
Miriam Silaschi, Sanjay Chaubey, Omar Aldalati, Habib Khan, Mohammed Mohsin Uzzaman, Mrinal Singh, Max Baghai, Ranjit Deshpande, Olaf Wendler
BACKGROUND: Because of demographic changes, a growing number of elderly patients present with mitral valve (MV) disease. Although mitral valve repair (MV-repair) is the "gold standard" treatment for MV disease, in elderly patients, there is controversy about whether MV-repair is superior to mitral valve replacement. We reviewed results after MV surgery in elderly patients treated over the past 20 years. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our in-hospital database was explored for patients who underwent MV surgery between 1994 and 2015...
August 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400412/left-ventricular-pseudoaneurysm-after-mitral-valve-replacement
#20
Saroj Neupane, Naga Va Kommuri, Noora Kazanji, Pertha Chowdhury
Development of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication of mitral valve surgery and requires urgent surgical intervention. We describe a case of pseudoaneurysm of membranous septum following repeat mitral valve replacement with the use of multimodality imaging.
November 2016: Echocardiography
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