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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511453/pregnancy-outcome-of-abnormal-nuchal-translucency-a-systematic-review
#1
Nasibeh Roozbeh, Maryam Azizi, Leili Darvish
INTRODUCTION: Nuchal Translucency (NT) is the sonographic form of subcutaneous gathering of liquid behind the foetal neck in the first trimester of pregnancy. There is association of increased NT with chromosomal and non-chromosomal abnormalities. AIM: The purpose of this systemic review was to review the pregnancy outcome of abnormal nuchal translucency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present systematic review was conducted by searching English language articles from sources such as International Medical Sciences, Medline, Web of science, Scopus, Google Scholar, PubMed, Index Copernicus, DOAJ, EBSCO-CINAHL...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504238/united-kingdom-coronary-and-structural-heart-interventions-from-2010-to-2015
#2
Peter F Ludman, Mark A de Belder, Simon Redwood, Adrian Banning
In the United Kingdom, a clinical data set is completed for every patient undergoing coronary intervention and certain structural interventions, and sent to central servers in the National Institute for Cardiovascular Outcomes Research (NICOR) on behalf of the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society (BCIS). These data are linked to the national mortality register. In addition, data are obtained about the structure of healthcare provision using an annual survey. Analyses of these data are provided for different audiences in several formats...
May 15, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504236/switzerland-coronary-and-structural-heart-interventions-from-2010-to-2015
#3
Fabio Rigamonti, Gregor Fahrni, Micha Maeder, Stéphane Cook, Daniel Weilenmann, Peter Wenaweser, Christian Röthlisberger, Roberto Corti, Hans Rickli, Christoph Kaiser, Marco Roffi
In 2015, Switzerland had a population of 8.3 million inhabitants. Since the first coronary angioplasty performed by Andreas Grüntzig in Zurich in 1977, the number of percutaneous procedures has steadily increased. The aim of this report is to summarise the current state of catheter-based cardiac interventions in adults in the country and to detail trends between 2010 and 2015. Since 1987, the Working Group for Interventional Cardiology of the Swiss Society of Cardiology has collected annually aggregate data from all facilities with cardiac catheterisation laboratories in the country...
May 15, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469692/complex-ebstein-s-anomaly-in-an-86-year-old-iranian-man-a-case-report
#4
Bahieh Moradi, Farideh Roshanali
Ebstein's anomaly is defined as the significant apical displacement of the tricuspid valve causing tricuspid regurgitation. Although a variety of concomitant lesions have been previously described, we herein introduce an unusual presentation. Our patient was an 86-year-old man with a primary presentation of typical chest pain in the setting of recently diagnosed coronary artery disease with concomitant Ebstein's anomaly. We found mild-to-moderate tricuspid regurgitation, bicuspid aortic valve, persistent left superior vena cava, and patent foramen ovale...
January 2017: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427801/-multimodality-imaging-in-the-cardiac-catheterization-laboratory
#5
Karine Warin-Fresse, Sébastien Hascoet, Patrice Guérin
Cardiac catheterization has greatly contributed to the progress made in the management of congenital heart diseases (CHD). Initially used in diagnosis, it allowed the understanding of heart diseases, their anatomy and hemodynamics. Gradually, the development of interventional cardiology has played a major role in the management of these malformations (Patent ductus arteriosus [PDA] and atrial septal defect [ASD] closure, pulmonary dilatation, percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation…). The development of such technology was made possible through the concomitant development of imaging techniques: fluoroscopy, ultrasound, MRI and CT...
May 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377475/diagnosis-imaging-and-clinical-management-of-aortic-coarctation
#6
REVIEW
Elles J Dijkema, Tim Leiner, Heynric B Grotenhuis
Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is a well-known congenital heart disease (CHD), which is often associated with several other cardiac and vascular anomalies, such as bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus and aortic arch hypoplasia. Despite echocardiographic screening, prenatal diagnosis of CoA remains difficult. Most patients with CoA present in infancy with absent, delayed or reduced femoral pulses, a supine arm-leg blood pressure gradient (>20 mm Hg), or a murmur due to rapid blood flow across the CoA or associated lesions (BAV)...
April 4, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370380/clinical-characteristics-of-adult-dogs-more-than-5-years-of-age-at-presentation-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus
#7
B G Boutet, A B Saunders, S G Gordon
BACKGROUND: The median age at presentation for dogs with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is <6 months of age, and closure is associated with a decrease in heart size and increased survival time, which are not well described in older dogs. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical characteristics of dogs with PDA ≥5 years of age at the time of presentation to a veterinary referral hospital. ANIMALS: 35 client-owned dogs. METHODS: Retrospective case series...
May 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157747/cardioembolic-stroke
#8
REVIEW
Cumara B O'Carroll, Kevin M Barrett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardioembolic stroke is common and disproportionately more disabling than nonembolic mechanisms of stroke. Its incidence is expected to rise because of the age-related incidence of atrial fibrillation and an aging population. This article summarizes the different causes of cardioembolism and outlines current management guidelines. RECENT FINDINGS: Since cardioembolic stroke is not a single disease entity, its diagnosis requires initial clinical suspicion and a comprehensive evaluation, including ECG, echocardiography, brain imaging, and cardiac monitoring...
February 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151866/acute-arterial-embolism-of-left-lower-extremity-caused-by-paradoxical-embolism-in-ebstein-s-anomaly-a-case-report
#9
Jun-Sheng Li, Jie Ma, Zi-Xing Yan, Dong-Ming Cheng, Liang Chang, Hai-Chun Zhang, Jiang-Yan Liu
INTRODUCTION: Ebstein's anomaly is a benign and stable congenital heart disease for asymptomatic patients. Despite a low incidence of Ebstein's anomaly (EA), patients' quality of life can be badly affected by EA without positive surgical intervention. Especially EA is associated with other congenital heart disease, such as the atrial septal defect, patent foramen ovale, and arterial embolism exclude other reasons, it is often considered to be the consequence of paradoxical embolism, and surgical intervention must be conducted...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062549/redo-procedures-for-degenerated-stentless-aortic-xenografts-and-the-role-of-valve-in-valve-transcatheter-techniques
#10
Herko Grubitzsch, Sebastian Zobel, Torsten Christ, Sebastian Holinski, Karl Stangl, Sascha Treskatsch, Volkmar Falk, Michael Laule
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates reinterventions for degenerated stentless aortic xenografts. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2015, 52 consecutive patients (age 72.3 ± 9.7 years, EuroSCORE II 11.1 ± 8.9%) underwent reintervention for failed stentless aortic valves (60% porcine, 40% pericardial, 87% sub-coronary, 81% isolated/combined regurgitation). RESULTS: Based on age, EuroSCORE II, the presence of pulmonary hypertension, renal failure, a patent internal mammary artery graft and required concomitant procedures, the heart team assigned 25 patients to reoperation and 27 to valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation (ViV-TAVI)...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038838/-interventional-cardiac-catheterization-in-congenital-heart-disease
#11
François Godart, Ali Houeijeh
Interventional cardiac catheterization has a major place in the management of congenital heart disease. Since the Rashkind atrioseptostomy in mid-1960s, many techniques have been developed. For some, it is necessary to close a cardiac or extracardiac shunt using occluder (double disc system, plug, coil…): closure of atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect or patent arterial duct. For others, it is necessary to treat a valvular or vascular stenosis using a balloon catheter: dilatation of the pulmonary or the aortic valve, dilatation of aortic coarctation...
May 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989066/an-unusual-case-of-persistent-severe-pulmonary-artery-hypertension-following-balloon-mitral-valvuloplasty
#12
Arun Gopalakrishnan, Krishna Kumar Mohanan Nair, S Harikrishnan, Ajitkumar Valaparambil
Persistent pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) after balloon mitral valvuloplasty (BMV) is not uncommon, and is generally associated with established pulmonary vascular disease, an inadequate result, or the development of mitral regurgitation. An unfavorable mitral valve morphology with a smaller post-procedural mitral valve area is among the most common causes of the condition. While routine cardiac catheterization is no longer recommended prior to intervention in valvular heart disease, patients with persistent PAH after BMV should undergo a thorough evaluation before they are considered for repeat BMV...
March 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899861/echocardiographic-follow-up-of-patent-foramen-ovale-and-the-factors-affecting-spontaneous-closure
#13
Ali Yildirim, Alperen Aydin, Tevfik Demir, Fatma Aydin, Birsen Ucar, Zubeyir Kilic
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the echocardiographic follow-up of patent foramen ovale, which is considered a potential etiological factor in various diseases, and to determine the factors affecting spontaneous closure. METHODS: Between January 2000 and June 2012, records of 918 patients with patent foramen ovale were retrospectively reviewed. Patency of less than 3 mm around the fossa ovalis is called patent foramen ovale. Patients with cyanotic congenital heart diseases, severe heart valve disorders and severe hemodynamic left to right shunts were excluded from the study...
November 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861432/the-association-between-preoperative-hemoglobin-a1c-and-postoperative-glycemic-variability-on-30-day-major-adverse-outcomes-following-isolated-cardiac-valvular-surgery
#14
Amit Bardia, Kamal Khabbaz, Ariel Mueller, Priyam Mathur, Victor Novack, Daniel Talmor, Balachundhar Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Preoperative hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and postoperative glycemic variability predict major adverse events (MAEs) after coronary artery bypass grafting in a protocolized glycemic control setting. However, the influence of preoperative HbA1c and postoperative glycemic variability in isolated cardiac valvular surgery is unknown. In this study, we sought to establish (a) whether preoperative HbA1c could identify patients at increased risk of MAEs and (b) whether postoperative glycemic variability was associated with MAEs after isolated cardiac valvular surgery...
January 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751262/congenitally-unguarded-tricuspid-valve-orifice-with-right-ventricular-apical-isolation-in-an-adult
#15
Jagdish C Mohan, Madhu Shukla, Vishwas Mohan, Arvind Sethi
Congenitally unguarded tricuspid valve (TV) orifice, a variant of TV dysplasia, is a rare malformation with protean manifestations. This report describes a symptomatic adult male with gross right heart failure and atrial fibrillation, who was found to have an unguarded TV orifice with isolation of the trabecular apical cavity of the right ventricle (RV) and muscular ridges separating outflow tract (forme-fruste of the double-chambered RV). The right ventricular outflow tract remained patent.
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646067/-imaging-in-structural-heart-disease-impact-on-interventional-therapy
#16
REVIEW
A Schmermund, J Eckert, S N Schelle, H Eggebrecht
For the treatment of structural heart disease, current options in the catheterization laboratory include MitraClip® implantation for treating severe mitral regurgitation, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), closure of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) and occlusion of the left atrial appendage (LAA). These treatment options are based on a precise diagnosis provided by modern cardiac imaging, which is indispensable for treatment recommendations. Its importance for supporting the invasive procedures in the catheterization laboratory is less well known...
November 2016: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543649/endoscopic-atrioventricular-valve-surgery-in-adults-with-difficult-to-access-uncorrected-congenital-chest-wall-deformities
#17
Johan van der Merwe, Filip Casselman, Bernard Stockman, Yvette Vermeulen, Ivan Degrieck, Frank Van Praet
OBJECTIVES: This study presents the first report on in-hospital and long-term outcomes of endoscopic port access atrioventricular valve surgery (EPAAVVS) in adult patients with uncorrected congenital chest wall deformities (CCWDs). METHODS: Our current surgical team performed EPAAVVS in 7 consecutive adult patients (mean age 51.3 ± 16.4 years, 14.3% female, 50% older than 60 years, mean EuroSCORE II 0.8 ± 0.1%) with uncorrected CCWDs between 1 November 2009 and 30 November 2015...
December 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452334/whole-exome-sequencing-familial-genomic-triangulation-and-systems-biology-converge-to-identify-a-novel-nonsense-mutation-in-tab2-encoded-tgf-beta-activated-kinase-1-in-a-child-with-polyvalvular-syndrome
#18
Jaeger P Ackerman, John A Smestad, David J Tester, Muhammad Y Qureshi, Beau A Crabb, Nancy J Mendelsohn, Michael J Ackerman
OBJECTIVE: To use whole exome sequencing (WES) of a family trio to identify a genetic cause for polyvalvular syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS: A male child was born with mild pulmonary valve stenosis and mild aortic root dilatation, and an atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, and patent ductus arteriosus that were closed surgically. Subsequently, the phenotype of polyvalvular syndrome with involvement of both semilunar and both atrioventricular valves emerged...
September 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418595/utilization-of-whole-exome-sequencing-to-identify-causative-mutations-in-familial-congenital-heart-disease
#19
Stephanie LaHaye, Don Corsmeier, Madhumita Basu, Jessica L Bowman, Sara Fitzgerald-Butt, Gloria Zender, Kevin Bosse, Kim L McBride, Peter White, Vidu Garg
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common type of birth defect with family- and population-based studies supporting a strong genetic cause for CHD. The goal of this study was to determine whether a whole exome sequencing (WES) approach could identify pathogenic-segregating variants in multiplex CHD families. METHODS AND RESULTS: WES was performed on 9 kindreds with familial CHD, 4 with atrial septal defects, 2 with patent ductus arteriosus, 2 with tetralogy of Fallot, and 1 with pulmonary valve dysplasia...
August 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378604/interventional-cardiology-where-real-life-and-science-do-not-necessarily-meet
#20
REVIEW
Bernhard Meier
Evidence-based diagnosis, decision-making, and therapy appear a must these days. Generating and publishing evidence is a tedious job according to ever new and tightened research practice regulations. Rules will never prevent the typical human behaviour from showing the new thing to be shinier and the old thing dustier than they really are. The medical community is solicited to concoct a meal that is gullible for patients, authorities, and third-party payers out of the available evidence (after applying some conversion factors correcting the common bias of the researchers), anticipation of what will be the evidence tomorrow, common sense, and digested experience...
July 7, 2016: European Heart Journal
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