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Endocrine guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649091/the-penetrance-of-men2-pheochromocytoma-is-not-only-determined-by-ret-mutations
#1
Frederic Castinetti, Ana Luiza Maia, Mariola Peczkowska, Marta Barontini, Kornelia Hasse-Lazar, Thera P Links, Rodrigo Almeida Toledo, Sarka Dvorakova, Caterina Mian, Maria Joao Bugalho, Stefania Zovato, Maria Alevizaki, Andrei Kvachenyuk, Birke Bausch, Paola Loli, Simona Raluca Bergmann, Attila Patocs, Marija Pfeifer, Fina Biarnes, Ernst von Dobschuetz, Claudio Letizia, Gerlof D Valk, Marcin Barczynski, Malgorzata Czetwertynska, John Tm Plukker, Paola Sartorato, Tomas Zelinka, Petr Vlcek, Svetlana Yaremchuk, Georges Weryha, Letizia Canu, Nelson Wohllk, Frederic Sebag, Martin K Walz, Charis Eng, Hartmut P H Neumann
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN2A) is a rare syndrome which main component is medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). The natural history of MTC is mainly determined by RET mutations. The second main component of MEN2A is pheochromocytoma. The latest American Thyroid Association guidelines suggested ages to begin biological screening for pheochromocytoma depending on RET mutations. However, other factors could modify the natural history of pheochromocytoma. We collected data from a large international cohort, based on 812 patients, and grouped them according to 4 geographical areas: South America, Southern Europe, Central Europe and Western Europe...
June 25, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643981/-adrenal-surgery-multidisciplinarity-is-mandatory
#2
Marie-Laure Matthey Gié, Marie Nicod Lalonde, Elena Gonzalez Rodriguez, Nicolas Demartines, Maurice Matter
Adrenal tumours are rare and their management is challenging. Every patient presenting with adrenal mass or symptoms of hormones hypersecretion should be investigated. The two important questions to be answered are : 1. Is the tumour secreting ? Is the tumour malignant or not ? A complete endocrine work-up and a nativ CT-scan may usually answer these two questions but have to be interpreted by specialists in a multidisciplinary team setting. The decisions about managements of adrenal pathologies do follow international guidelines which are regularly updated...
June 14, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640938/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-comprehensive-review-of-clinical-interactions-and-underlying-pathophysiology
#3
REVIEW
Hassan Kahal, Ioannis Kyrou, Abd A Tahrani, Harpal S Randeva
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most prevalent endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. PCOS is associated with multiple co-morbidities including, obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, as well as mood disorders and impaired quality of life (QoL). Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is also a common medical condition that is often undiagnosed, particularly in women. OSA is associated with a similar spectrum of comorbidities to that observed in PCOS, including manifestations of the metabolic syndrome and impaired QoL, whilst obesity frequently constitutes a common denominator in the pathophysiology of both OSA and PCOS...
June 22, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634868/occurrence-removal-and-health-risk-assessment-of-phthalate-esters-in-the-process-streams-of-two-different-wastewater-treatment-plants-in-lagos-and-ogun-states-nigeria
#4
O O Olujimi, O A Aroyeun, T F Akinhanmi, T A Arowolo
Phthalate esters (PEs) are one of the environmentally active organic pollutants capable of causing endocrine disruption. The levels of PE congeners were determined in the influent and effluent from Covenant Oxidation Pond (COP) and Ikeja Wastewater Treatment Plant (IWWTP). Standard methods were adopted for determining the physical and chemical parameters of the water samples. The water samples for PE congener's determination were collected, acidified and stored at 4 °C prior to liquid-liquid extraction and analysis by gas chromatograph...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634053/using-short-term-bioassays-to-evaluate-the-endocrine-disrupting-capacity-of-the-pesticides-linuron-and-fenoxycarb
#5
Petra Spirhanzlova, Bert De Groef, Freda E Nicholson, Sylvia V H Grommen, Giulia Marras, Anthony Sébillot, Barbara A Demeneix, Sophie Pallud-Mothré, Gregory F Lemkine, Andrew J Tindall, David Du Pasquier
Several short-term whole-organism bioassays based on transgenic aquatic models are now under validation by the OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) to become standardized test guidelines for the evaluation of the endocrine activity of substances. Evaluation of the endocrine disrupting capacity of pesticides will be a domain of applicability of these future reference tests. The herbicide linuron and the insecticide fenoxycarb are two chemicals commonly used in agricultural practices...
June 17, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617201/a-comprehensive-review-of-regulatory-test-methods-for-endocrine-adverse-health-effects
#6
M K Manibusan, L W Touart
Development of new endocrine disruption-relevant test methods has been the subject of intensive research efforts for the past several decades, prompted in part by mandates in the 1996 Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA). While scientific understanding and test methods have advanced, questions remain on whether current scientific methods are capable of adequately addressing the complexities of the endocrine system for regulatory health and ecological risk assessments. The specific objective of this article is to perform a comprehensive, detailed evaluation of the adequacy of current test methods to inform regulatory risk assessments of whether a substance has the potential to perturb endocrine-related pathways resulting in human adverse effects...
July 2017: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614816/optimizing-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-hormone-receptor-positive-metastatic-breast-cancer-treatment-options-and-considerations
#7
Pavani Chalasani
The treatment landscape for hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer continues to evolve as the molecular mechanisms of this heterogeneous disease are better understood and targeted treatment strategies are developed. Patients are now living for extended periods of time with this disease as they progress through sequential lines of treatment. With a rapidly expanding therapeutic armamentarium, the prevalence of metastatic breast cancer patients with prolonged survival is expected to increase, as is the duration of survival...
June 15, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614244/impact-of-patient-race-and-geographical-factors-on-initiation-and-adherence-to-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy-in-medicare-breast-cancer-survivors
#8
Fabian T Camacho, Xi Tan, Héctor E Alcalá, Surbhi Shah, Roger T Anderson, Rajesh Balkrishnan
To evaluate variations in the use of adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) by race and geography, this research examined their influence on initiation and adherence to AET in female Medicare enrollees with breast cancer, diagnosed between 2007 and 2011.Using SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program)-Medicare data from 2007 to 2001, logistic regressions with random intercept for county of residence were used to predict AET initiation during 1st year and AET adherence assessed by the medication possession ratio (MPR) during year after initiation in a sample of fee-for-service medicare beneficiaries...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609825/the-use-of-the-bethesda-system-for-reporting-thyroid-cytopathology-in-korea-a-nationwide-multicenter-survey-by-the-korean-society-of-endocrine-pathologists
#9
Mi Mi Kim, Hyo Jin Park, Hye Sook Min, Hyeong Ju Kwon, Chan Kwon Jung, Seoung Wan Chae, Hyun Ju Yoo, Yoo Duk Choi, Mi Ja Lee, Jeong Ja Kwak, Dong Eun Song, Dong Hoon Kim, Hye Kyung Lee, Ji Yeon Kim, Sook Hee Hong, Jang Sihn Sohn, Hyun Seung Lee, So Yeon Park, Soon Won Hong, Mi Kyung Shin
Background: The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) has standardized the reporting of thyroid cytology specimens. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the nationwide usage of TBSRTC and assess the malignancy rates in each category of TBSRTC in Korea. Materials and Methods: Questionnaire surveys were used for data collection on the fine needle aspiration (FNA) of thyroid nodules at 74 institutes in 2012. The incidences and follow-up malignancy rates of each category diagnosed from January to December, 2011, in each institute were also collected and analyzed...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606275/-study-on-the-choice-of-medication-time-and-with-drawal-time-of-intermittent-endocrine-therapy-for-prostate-cancer
#10
D Chen, M Xia
Objective: To determine the best timing of discontinuance of intermittent endocrine therapy for prostate cancer (PCa). Methods: From February 2012 to September 2014, 120 PCa patients confirmed by biopsy at the Department of Urology Surgery, Beijing Shijitan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, were included. They were divided into high-, moderate- and low-risk groups according to EAU Guidelines in 2015. All patients received intermittent endocrine therapy. When the serum level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) dropped to 0...
June 13, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589088/a-2016-italian-survey-about-guidelines-and-clinical-management-of-thyroid-nodules
#11
Roberto Negro, Roberto Attanasio, Franco Grimaldi, Andrea Frasoldati, Rinaldo Guglielmi, Enrico Papini
BACKGROUND: While thyroid nodules are frequent in endocrine clinical practice, patients are often asymptomatic and euthyroid, and death is rare in cases of malignancy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the perception of current international guidelines regarding thyroid nodule management among Italian endocrinologists, and to compare daily clinical practice with suggested recommendations. METHODS: Italian Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AME) members were invited to participate in a Web-based survey...
April 2017: European Thyroid Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586453/response-to-letter-pediatric-obesity-assessment-treatment-and-prevention-an-endocrine-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#12
Dennis M Styne, Silva A Arslanian, Ellen L Connor, Ismaa Sadaf Farooqi, M Hassan Murad, Janet H Silverstein, Jack A Yanovski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586452/letter-to-the-editor-pediatric-obesity-assessment-treatment-and-prevention-an-endocrine-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#13
Geoff D C Ball, Arnaldo Perez, James D Nobles, Nicholas D Spence, Joseph A Skelton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585593/incidentaloma-from-general-practice-to-specific-endocrine-frame
#14
Ancuta Augustina Gheorghisan-Galateanu, Mara Carsote, Ana Valea
Incidentaloma, a modern concept connected to technology progress, represents an accidentally discovered tumour, usually used for hypophysis and adrenals, and rarely for thyroid, parathyroids, and ovaries. This is a narrative review based on PubMed research, between 2012 and 2016 focusing on general and endocrine approach and current controversies. Main dilemma is the terminology itself: randomly imagery finding is enough or non-functioning profile and low-growth rate (not requiring surgery) should be mandatory? The controversies refers to best time framing of re-scanning pituitary and adrenal incidentaloma and setting of clear criteria for subclinical Cushing's syndrome...
June 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585354/-real-world-pediatric-endocrine-practice-how-much-is-it-influenced-by-physician-s-gender-and-region-of-practice-results-of-an-international-survey
#15
Keren Smuel, Yonatan Yeshayahu
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether hormonal treatments for frequent clinical cases (short stature, delayed and precocious puberty) are prescribed strictly according to clinical guidelines or based on personal tendencies, and whether the decisions correlate with physician's personal demographics (age, sex, and place of practice). METHODS: Cross-sectional survey, with made-up clinical cases, distributed to pediatric endocrinologists using 2 web-based professional forums, Israeli and an international...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578852/radioactive-iodine-therapy-molecular-imaging-and-serum-biomarkers-for-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-2017-guidelines-of-the-french-societies-of-nuclear-medicine-endocrinology-pathology-biology-endocrine-surgery-and-head-and-neck-surgery
#16
Slimane Zerdoud, Anne-Laure Giraudet, Sophie Leboulleux, Laurence Leenhardt, Stéphane Bardet, Jérôme Clerc, Marie-Elisabeth Toubert, Abir Al Ghuzlan, Pierre-Jean Lamy, Claire Bournaud, Isabelle Keller, Frédéric Sebag, Renaud Garrel, Eric Mirallié, Lionel Groussin, Elif Hindié, David Taïeb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576687/outcomes-after-adrenalectomy-for-unilateral-primary-aldosteronism-an-international-consensus-on-outcome-measures-and-analysis-of-remission-rates-in-an-international-cohort
#17
Tracy A Williams, Jacques W M Lenders, Paolo Mulatero, Jacopo Burrello, Marietta Rottenkolber, Christian Adolf, Fumitoshi Satoh, Laurence Amar, Marcus Quinkler, Jaap Deinum, Felix Beuschlein, Kanako K Kitamoto, Uyen Pham, Ryo Morimoto, Hironobu Umakoshi, Aleksander Prejbisz, Tomaz Kocjan, Mitsuhide Naruse, Michael Stowasser, Tetsuo Nishikawa, William F Young, Celso E Gomez-Sanchez, John W Funder, Martin Reincke
BACKGROUND: Although unilateral primary aldosteronism is the most common surgically correctable cause of hypertension, no standard criteria exist to classify surgical outcomes. We aimed to create consensus criteria for clinical and biochemical outcomes and follow-up of adrenalectomy for unilateral primary aldosteronism and apply these criteria to an international cohort to analyse the frequency of remission and identify preoperative determinants of successful outcome. METHODS: The Primary Aldosteronism Surgical Outcome (PASO) study was an international project to develop consensus criteria for outcomes and follow-up of adrenalectomy for unilateral primary aldosteronism...
May 30, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562419/endocrine-disorders-and-hormonal-therapy-for-adolescent-acne
#18
Henry L Nguyen, Megha M Tollefson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acne vulgaris is a global disease with increasing prevalence in adolescents. It has a profound impact on their quality of life, especially when endocrine disorders are also involved. Recent concerns regarding antibiotic stewardship, failures with antibiotic usage, and the development of antibiotic-resistant Propionibacterium acnes have led clinicians to consider other therapeutic options for acne treatment. The present review explores hormonal therapies for the treatment of acne vulgaris...
May 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559437/fibroblast-growth-factor-21-a-regulator-of-metabolic-disease-and-health-span
#19
Ting Xie, Po Sing Leung
Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is a potent endocrine regulator with physiological effects on glucose and lipid metabolism and thus garners much attention on its translational potential for the management of obesity and related metabolic syndromes. FGF21 is mainly expressed in several metabolically active tissue organs, such as the liver, adipose tissue, skeletal muscle and pancreas with profound effects and therapeutically relevance. Emerging experimental and clinical data point to the demonstrated metabolic benefits of FGF21 which includes, but not limit to, weight loss, glucose and lipid metabolism as well as insulin sensitivity...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552675/the-era-of-3rs-implementation-in-developmental-and-reproductive-toxicity-dart-testing-current-overview-and-future-perspectives
#20
REVIEW
Manon Beekhuijzen
Since adoption of the first globally implemented guidelines for developmental and reproductive toxicity (DART) testing for pharmaceuticals, industrial chemicals and agrochemicals, many years passed without major updates. However in recent years, significant changes in these guidelines have been made or are being implemented. These changes have been guided by the ethical drive to reduce, refine and replace (3R) animal testing, as well as the addition of endocrine disruptor relevant endpoints. Recent applied improvements have focused on reduction and refinement...
May 25, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
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