keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hedonic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230271/consumer-acceptance-and-aroma-characterization-of-navy-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-powders-prepared-by-extrusion-and-conventional-processing-methods
#1
Edward Szczygiel, Janice B Harte, Gale M Strasburg, Sungeun Cho
BACKGROUND: Food products produced with bean ingredients are gaining in popularity among consumers due to the reported health benefits. Navy bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) powder produced through extrusion can be considered as a resource-efficient alternative to conventional methods, which often involve high water inputs. Therefore, navy bean powders produced with extrusion and conventional methods were assessed for the impact of processing on consumer liking in end-use products and odor-active compounds...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229317/self-reported-hedonism-predicts-12-month-weight-loss-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#2
Sven Alfonsson, Sandra Weineland-Strandskov, Magnus Sundbom
INTRODUCTION: Research regarding psychological risk factors for reduced weight loss after bariatric surgery has yielded mixed results, especially for variables measured prior to surgery. More profound personality factors have shown better promise and one such factor that may be relevant in this context is time perspective, i.e., the tendency to focus on present or future consequences. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of time perspective for 12-month weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery...
February 22, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227284/on-the-pleasantness-of-a-haptic-stimulation-how-different-textures-can-be-recognized-through-heart-rate-variability-nonlinear-analysis
#3
Mimma Nardelli, Alberto Greco, Matteo Bianchi, Enzo Pasquale Scilingo, Gaetano Valenza, Mimma Nardelli, Alberto Greco, Matteo Bianchi, Enzo Pasquale Scilingo, Gaetano Valenza, Gaetano Valenza, Mimma Nardelli, Alberto Greco, Matteo Bianchi
The hedonic attributes of cutaneous elicitation play a crucial role in everyday life, influencing our behavior and psychophysical state. However, the correlation between such a hedonic aspect of touch and the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)-related physiological response, which is intimately connected to emotions, still needs to be deeply investigated. This study reports on caress-like stimuli conveyed to the forearm of 32 healthy subjects through different fabrics actuated by a haptic device, which can control both the strength (i...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224334/the-trpm4-channel-is-functionally-important-for-the-beneficial-cardiac-remodeling-induced-by-endurance-training
#4
Mélanie Gueffier, Justin Zintz, Karen Lambert, Amanda Finan, Franck Aimond, Nourdine Chakouri, Christophe Hédon, Mathieu Granier, Pierre Launay, Jérôme Thireau, Sylvain Richard, Marie Demion
Cardiac hypertrophy (CH) is an adaptive process that exists in two distinct forms and allows the heart to adequately respond to an organism's needs. The first form of CH is physiological, adaptive and reversible. The second is pathological, irreversible and associated with fibrosis and cardiomyocyte death. CH involves multiple molecular mechanisms that are still not completely defined but it is now accepted that physiological CH is associated more with the PI3-K/Akt pathway while the main signaling cascade activated in pathological CH involves the Calcineurin-NFAT pathway...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224183/modelling-depression-in-animals-at-the-interface-of-reward-and-stress-pathways
#5
REVIEW
D A Slattery, J F Cryan
RATIONALE: Despite substantial research efforts the aetiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) remains poorly understood, which is due in part to the heterogeneity of the disorder and the complexity of designing appropriate animal models. However, in the last few decades, a focus on the development of novel stress-based paradigms and a focus on using hedonic/anhedonic behaviour have led to renewed optimism in the use of animal models to assess aspects of MDD. OBJECTIVES: Therefore, in this review article, dedicated to Athina Markou, we summarise the use of stress-based animal models for studying MDD in rodents and how reward-related readouts can be used to validate/assess the model and/or treatment...
February 22, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220503/physicochemical-and-sensory-properties-of-marmalades-made-from-mixtures-of-fruits-and-under-exploited-andean-tubers
#6
Agustina M Lotufo Haddad, María Isabel Margalef, Margarita Armada, María Cristina Goldner
BACKGROUND: This work studies the added value to the Andean tuber crops through the production of jams. OBJECTIVES: 1. to study the sensory and instrumental characteristics of dietetic marmalades made with fruits and Andean tubers, 2. to research consumer's acceptability and emotional responses, 3. to assess the relationship between sensory and instrumental variables, and 4. to determine sensory, instrumental and emotional variables that influence the acceptability...
February 20, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192106/blaming-the-brain-for-obesity-integration-of-hedonic-and-homeostatic-mechanisms
#7
Hans-Rudolf Berthoud, Heike Münzberg, Christopher D Morrison
The brain plays a key role in the controls of energy intake and expenditure and many genes associated with obesity are expressed in the central nervous system. Technological and conceptual advances in both basic and clinical neurosciences have expanded the traditional view of homeostatic regulation of body weight by mainly the hypothalamus to include hedonic controls of appetite by cortical and subcortical brain areas processing external sensory information, reward, cognition, and executive functions. Thus, hedonic controls interact with homeostatic controls to regulate body weight in a flexible and adaptive manner that takes environmental conditions into account...
February 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192004/psychological-resources-and-glucoregulation-in-japanese-adults-findings-from-midja
#8
Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Vera K Tsenkova, Yuri Miyamoto, Carol D Ryff
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between glucoregulation and 3 categories of psychological resources: hedonic well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive affect), eudaimonic well-being (i.e., personal growth, purpose in life, ikigai), and interdependent well-being (i.e., gratitude, peaceful disengagement, adjustment) among Japanese adults. The question is important given increases in rates of type 2 diabetes in Japan in recent years, combined with the fact that most prior studies linking psychological resources to better physical health have utilized Western samples...
February 13, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183077/restructuring-hedonic-dysregulation-in-chronic-pain-and-prescription-opioid-misuse-effects-of-mindfulness-oriented-recovery-enhancement-on-responsiveness-to-drug-cues-and-natural-rewards
#9
Eric L Garland, Matthew O Howard, Jon-Kar Zubieta, Brett Froeliger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181242/sensory-profile-and-consumer-acceptability-of-prebiotic-white-chocolate-with-sucrose-substitutes-and-the-addition-of-goji-berry-lycium-barbarum
#10
Janaína Madruga Morais Ferreira, Bruna Marcacini Azevedo, Valdecir Luccas, Helena Maria André Bolini
Functional food is a product containing nutrients that provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the descriptive sensory profile and consumers' acceptance of functional (prebiotic) white chocolates with and without the addition of an antioxidant source (goji berry [GB]) and sucrose replacement. The descriptive sensory profile was determined by quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) with trained assessors (n = 12), and the acceptance test was performed with 120 consumers...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179221/frontostriatal-and-behavioral-adaptations-to-daily-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Kyle S Burger
Background: Current obesity theories suggest that the repeated intake of highly palatable high-sugar foods causes adaptions in the striatum, parietal lobe, and prefrontal and visual cortices in the brain that may serve to perpetuate consumption in a feed-forward manner. However, the data for humans are cross-sectional and observational, leaving little ability to determine the temporal precedence of repeated consumption on brain response.Objective: We tested the impact of regular sugar-sweetened beverage intake on brain and behavioral responses to beverage stimuli...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170057/animal-models-of-drug-addiction
#12
María Pilar García Pardo, Concepción Roger Sánchez, José Enrique De la Rubia Ortí, María Asunción Aguilar Calpe
The development of animal models of drug reward and addiction is an essential factor for progress in understanding the biological basis of this disorder and for the identification of new therapeutic targets. Depending on the component of reward to be studied, one type of animal model or another may be used. There are models of reinforcement based on the primary hedonic effect produced by the consumption of the addictive substance, such as the self-administration (SA) and intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) paradigms, and there are models based on the component of reward related to associative learning and cognitive ability to make predictions about obtaining reward in the future, such as the conditioned place preference (CPP) paradigm...
January 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166797/impact-of-physical-activity-level-and-dietary-fat-content-on-passive-overconsumption-of-energy-in-non-obese-adults
#13
Kristine Beaulieu, Mark Hopkins, John Blundell, Graham Finlayson
BACKGROUND: Passive overconsumption is the increase in energy intake driven by the high-fat energy-dense food environment. This can be explained in part because dietary fat has a weaker effect on satiation (i.e. process that terminates feeding). Habitually active individuals show improved satiety (i.e. process involved in post-meal suppression of hunger) but any improvement in satiation is unknown. Here we examined whether habitual physical activity mitigates passive overconsumption through enhanced satiation in response to a high-fat meal...
February 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160436/role-of-the-mt1-and-mt2-melatonin-receptors-in-mediating-depressive-and-anxiety-like-behaviors-in-c3h-hen-mice
#14
J Liu, S J Clough, M L Dubocovich
Melatonin is a neurohormone primarily synthesized by the pineal gland following a circadian rhythm with a high level during the night and a low level during the day. Alterations in the synthesis and secretion of melatonin have been reported in various mood disorders, including major depressive disorder. However, the role of endogenous melatonin in the pathophysiology of depressive disorder is unclear. Melatonin primarily acts through two G protein-coupled receptors, termed MT1 and MT2 . The present study investigated the effect of genetic deletion of the MT1 and/or MT2 receptors on tests associated with depression- and anxiety-like behaviors in C3H/HeN mice...
February 3, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140464/asians-facial-responsiveness-to-basic-tastes-by-automated-facial-expression-analysis-system
#15
Ruicong Zhi, Lianyu Cao, Gang Cao
Growing evidence shows that consumer choices in real life are mostly driven by unconscious mechanisms rather than conscious. The unconscious process could be measured by behavioral measurements. This study aims to apply automatic facial expression analysis technique for consumers' emotion representation, and explore the relationships between sensory perception and facial responses. Basic taste solutions (sourness, sweetness, bitterness, umami, and saltiness) with 6 levels plus water were used, which could cover most of the tastes found in food and drink...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126491/the-relative-reinforcing-value-of-sweet-versus-savory-snack-foods-after-consumption-of-sugar-or-non-nutritive-sweetened-beverages
#16
Shanon L Casperson, LuAnn Johnson, James N Roemmich
The effects of sugar-sweetened (SSB) and non-nutritive sweetened (NSB) beverages on the regulation of appetite, energy intake and body weight regulation remain controversial. Using a behavioral choice paradigm, we sought to determine the effects of consuming a SSB or NSB on appetite and the reinforcing value of sweet relative to salty/savory snack foods. In a randomized crossover study, 21 healthy weight adults consumed 360 ml of SSB (sucrose; 31 g) or NSB (sucralose; 4 g) with a standardized meal. Hedonic ratings for the sweet and salty/savory snack foods used for the reinforcement task were assessed prior to the start of the study...
January 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119358/degree-of-free-fatty-acid-saturation-influences-chocolate-rejection-in-human-assessors
#17
Cordelia A Running, John E Hayes, Gregory R Ziegler
In foods, free fatty acids (FFAs) traditionally have been viewed as contributing an odor, yet evidence has accumulated that FFAs also contribute a unique taste ("oleogustus"). However, minimal work has been conducted using actual foods to test the contribution of FFA to taste preferences. Here, we investigate flavor, taste, and aroma contributions of added FFA in chocolate, as some commercial manufacturers already use lipolysis of triglycerides to generate unique profiles. We hypothesized that small added concentrations of FFAs would increase preferences for chocolate, whereas higher added concentrations would decrease preferences...
February 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119355/proposal-of-odor-nuisance-index-as-urban-planning-tool
#18
Marzio Invernizzi, Laura Capelli, Selena Sironi
This article analyzes the state of the art of the methods and models used for the characterization of odor annoyance and it preliminary advances some proposals for the evaluation of the olfactory nuisance. The use of a sensorial technique, such as dynamic olfactometry, is proposed for the analysis of odor concentrations, odor emission rates, and odor dispersions. A simple model for the quantification of environmental odor nuisance, based on the use of FIDOL factors, that are, frequency, intensity, duration, hedonic tone, and location, is proposed...
February 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119156/chemosensory-anxiety-signals-prime-defensive-behavior-in-prepubertal-girls
#19
Katrin T Lübke, Anne Busch, Matthias Hoenen, Benoist Schaal, Bettina M Pause
Chemosensory anxiety signals effectively prime motor responses related to withdrawal behavior, such as the startle reflex, in adult humans. As the reproductive status strongly affects the response to social chemosignals, the current study examined whether chemosensory anxiety signals would augment the startle response in prepubertal children as it does in adults. Using cotton pads, axillary sweat was collected from 28 men while waiting for an important oral examination (anxiety condition), and during ergometer training (sport control condition)...
January 21, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119068/differential-effects-of-eating-and-drinking-on-wellbeing-an-ecological-ambulatory-assessment-study
#20
Jana Strahler, Urs M Nater
INTRODUCTION: Various behaviors, such as physical activity and sleep, have been shown to have stress-reducing and beneficial effects on wellbeing. In contrast, the rewarding effects of eating and drinking have rarely been investigated, particularly using ecologically valid approaches, and little is known about mediating mechanisms on the biological level. METHODS: Seventy-seven healthy young adults completed items on eating and drinking as well as momentary wellbeing (measured by mood, energy, tension, stress and fatigue levels) on an iPod touch 5×/day for 4 consecutive days...
January 22, 2017: Biological Psychology
keyword
keyword
14988
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"