keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sacrum

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904817/transitional-vertebra-and-spina-bifida-occulta-related-with-chronic-low-back-pain-in-a-young-patient
#1
Maryam Kundi, Maham Habib, Sumbal Babar, Asif K Kundi, Salman Assad, Amjad Sheikh
Bertolotti's syndrome (BS) must be considered as a differential diagnosis in a young patient presenting with low back pain (LBP). We present a case of a 26-year-old male complaining of mild chronic LBP for six years, radiating to his left thigh for the past six months. He has been taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with skeletal muscle relaxants for pain relief. The X-ray and computed tomography (CT) imagings showed congenital enlargement of the left transverse process of the fifth lumbar (L5) vertebra forming pseudo-articulation with the sacrum and unilateral pars interarticularis defect at the L4 level on the left side, respectively...
October 19, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904724/analysis-of-sacrococcygeal-morphology-in-koreans-using-computed-tomography
#2
Min Geun Yoon, Myung-Sang Moon, Bong Keun Park, Hohyoung Lee, Dong-Hyeon Kim
BACKGROUND: The sacrococcygeal morphology of Arabs and Europeans has been studied using computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging to determine the cause of coccydynia. Studies have suggested differences in sacrococcygeal morphology among ethnic groups. However, there are no data on the sacrococcygeal anatomy of Koreans. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 606 pelvic CT scans that were taken at Cheju Halla General Hospital between 2008 and 2014...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888274/percutaneous-sacroplasty-for-the-management-of-painful-pathologic-fracture-in-a-multiple-myeloma-patient-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
A A Dmytriw, K Talla, R Smith
Percutaneous kyphoplasty has a well-established role in the treatment of pathologic fractures in patients with multiple myeloma. Despite this, there is a scarcity of literature surrounding its use and efficacy in the sacrum. We present a case of successful symptom resolution in a patient with painful sacral fracture following sacroplasty, and review the existing literature.An 81-year-man with multiple myeloma presented to the hematology/oncology clinic with a history of excruciating pain while seated. The impact of this pain on his quality of life subjectively was rated to be particularly high...
November 25, 2016: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882914/propulsive-limb-coordination-and-body-acceleration-in-sprint-breaststroke-swimming
#4
Marek Strzała, Arkadiusz Stanula, Andrzej Ostrowski, Marcin Kaca, Piotr Kreżałek, Jacek Głodzik
BACKGROUND: This work is aimed at examining how coordination and kinematic indices interplay with swimming performance measured by average speed in 50m all-out test. METHODS: The group of 34 male competitive swimmers (19.1± 1.91 years old) participated in the study. The underwater movements of swimmers' bodies were recorded providing side- shots. Accelerations and angular velocity of pitch rotation of swimmer's sacrum were measured with inertial sensor device (three-axial accelerometer and gyroscope)...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871096/responses-and-injuries-to-pmhs-in-side-facing-and-oblique-seats-in-horizontal-longitudinal-sled-tests-per-faa-emergency-landing-conditions
#5
John R Humm, Narayan Yoganandan, Frank A Pintar, Richard L DeWeese, David M Moorcroft, Amanda M Taylor, Brian Peterson
The objective of the present exploratory study is to understand occupant responses in oblique and side-facing seats in the aviation environment, which are increasingly installed in modern aircrafts. Sled tests were conducted using intact Post Mortem Human Surrogates (PMHS) seated in custom seats approximating standard aircraft geometry. End conditions were selected to represent candidate aviation seat and restraint configurations. Three-dimensional head center-of-gravity linear accelerations, head angular velocities, and linear accelerations of the T1, T6, and T12 spinous processes, and sacrum were obtained...
November 2016: Stapp Car Crash Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865518/impact-of-surgical-correction-of-a-u-shaped-sacral-fracture-on-sagittal-spino-pelvic-alignment-regarding-one-case
#6
N Mansouri, T Graillon, K Farah, S Pesenti, B Blondel, S Fuentes
U-shaped sacral fractures are uncommon and are mostly the consequence of a high-energy kinetic trauma. The sacrum is a crucial element for sagittal alignment in a standing position as it determines the value of the pelvic incidence, which is a fixed and unchanging parameter for a given individual. We report the case of a 21-year-old man who underwent corrective surgery for a type II U-shaped fracture of the sacrum (according to the Roy-Camille classification), associated with a S1-S2 dislocation and sacral kyphosis that modified the patient's pelvic incidence...
December 2016: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861359/characterization-of-radiographic-features-of-consecutive-lumbar-spondylolisthesis
#7
Yapeng Sun, Hui Wang, Dalong Yang, Nan Zhang, Sidong Yang, Wei Zhang, Wenyuan Ding
Radiographic features of consecutive lumbar spondylolisthesis were retrospectively analyzed in a total of 17 patients treated for this condition at the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University from June 2005 to March 2012.To investigate the radiographic features, pelvic compensatory mechanisms, and possible underlying etiologies of consecutive lumbar spondylolisthesis.To the best of our knowledge, there is no previous report concerning the characteristics of consecutive lumbar spondylolisthesis.The Taillard index and the lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic incidence (PI), sacrum slope (SS), and pelvic tilt (PT) were determined on lateral X-ray images, and the angular displacement was analyzed on flexion-extension X-ray images...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858188/use-of-intraoperative-lateral-pelvic-x-ray-to-localize-and-ensure-coccyx-removal-during-sacrococcygeal-teratoma-resection
#8
Claire E Graves, Olajire Idowu, John Zovickian, Dachling Pang, Sunghoon Kim
En bloc removal of the coccyx during sacrococcygeal teratoma resection is necessary to decrease the risk of recurrence. However, variable anatomy often makes the border between the coccyx and sacrum difficult to identify. We describe the use of intraoperative lateral pelvic X-ray to localize this border and ensure complete coccygectomy.
November 17, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857879/stat3-inhibition-as-a-therapeutic-strategy-for-chordoma
#9
Anthony C Wang, John H Owen, Waleed M Abuzeid, Shawn L Hervey-Jumper, Xiaobing He, Mikel Gurrea, Meijuan Lin, David B Altshuler, Richard F Keep, Mark E Prince, Thomas E Carey, Xing Fan, Erin L McKean, Stephen E Sullivan
Objective Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) proteins regulate key cellular fate decisions including proliferation and apoptosis. STAT3 overexpression induces tumor growth in multiple neoplasms. STAT3 is constitutively activated in chordoma, a tumor with a high recurrence rate despite maximal surgical and radiation treatment. We hypothesized that a novel small molecule inhibitor of STAT3 (FLLL32) would induce significant cytotoxicity in sacral and clival chordoma cells. Methods Sacral (UCh1) and clival (UM-CHOR-1) chordoma cell lines were grown in culture (the latter derived from primary tumor explants)...
December 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857455/imaging-in-spinal-posterior-epidural-space-lesions-a-pictorial-essay
#10
Foram B Gala, Yashant Aswani
Spinal epidural space is a real anatomic space located outside the dura mater and within the spinal canal extending from foramen magnum to sacrum. Important contents of this space are epidural fat, spinal nerves, epidural veins and arteries. Due to close proximity of posterior epidural space to spinal cord and spinal nerves, the lesions present with symptoms of radiculopathy and/or myelopathy. In this pictorial essay, detailed anatomy of the posterior epidural space, pathologies affecting it along with imaging pearls to accurately diagnose them are discussed...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853665/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-en-bloc-vertebrectomy-compared-with-intralesional-resection-for-giant-cell-tumors-of-the-mobile-spine
#11
REVIEW
Panya Luksanapruksa, Jacob M Buchowski, Weerasak Singhatanadgige, David B Bumpass
Study Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Objective To compare the recurrence and perioperative complication rate of en bloc vertebrectomy (EV) and intralesional resection (IR) in the giant cell tumor of the mobile spine (SGCT). Methods We systematically searched publications in the PubMed and Embase databases for reports of SGCTs, excluding the sacrum. Two reviewers independently assessed all publications. A meta-analysis was performed using local recurrence and postoperative complications as the primary outcomes of interest...
December 2016: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852318/sacral-stress-fracture-in-an-amateur-rugby-player-a-case-report
#12
Yasuhiro Takahashi, Takashi Kobayashi, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Eiji Abe, Toshiki Abe, Kazuma Kikuchi, Yoichi Shimada
BACKGROUND: Sacral stress fracture is an uncommon cause of back pain. The majority of previously reported cases have been in runners. The purpose of this case report was to describe a case of sacral stress fracture in an amateur rugby player. CASE PRESENTATION: A healthy 18-year-old Japanese boy who was a rugby player presented with a 3-week history of lumbago. Sagittal and axial magnetic resonance imaging failed to reveal any reason for lumbago in his lumbar region...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849110/evaluation-of-the-use-of-intra-operative-radiology-for-open-placement-of-lag-screws-for-the-stabilization-of-sacroiliac-luxation-in-cats
#13
Francisco Silveira, Robert J Quinn, Anna M Adrian, Martin R Owen, Mark A Bush
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of intra-operative radiology on the quality of lag screw insertion for the management of sacroiliac joint luxations in cats. METHODS: In this retrospective single-centre study, the surgical, anaesthetic and imaging records of 40 screws (32 cats) placed with lag effect for management of sacroiliac luxation were reviewed. Postoperative radiographs were assessed for sacroiliac joint reduction, screw position, and sacral width purchased by each screw...
November 16, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844258/surface-anatomical-landmarks-for-the-location-of-posterior-sacral-foramina-in-sacral-nerve-stimulation
#14
A Povo, M Arantes, K E Matzel, J Barbosa, M A Ferreira, D Pais, A Rodríguez-Baeza
BACKGROUND: Sacral nerve stimulation is a common treatment for various pelvic floor disorders. It consists of the percutaneous introduction of electrodes through the posterior sacral foramina for therapeutic stimulation of the target sacral spinal nerve. The aim of our study was to determine the surface anatomical landmarks of the sacrum to facilitate identification of the posterior sacral foramina. METHODS: This study was conducted on 20 human cadavers. The cadavers were placed in a prone position, and all the soft tissues of the sacral region were removed to allow exposure of the osseous structures...
November 14, 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844229/one-step-reconstruction-with-a-3d-printed-custom-made-prosthesis-after-total-en-bloc-sacrectomy-a-technical-note
#15
Ran Wei, Wei Guo, Tao Ji, Yidan Zhang, Haijie Liang
BACKGROUND: Surgeries for primary malignancies involving upper sacrum require total en bloc sacrectomy followed by complex mechanical reconstruction, which might be simplified by application of the three-dimensional (3D) printing technique. PURPOSES: To describe the design of a 3D-printed custom-made prosthesis for reconstruction after total en bloc sacrectomy, the surgical technique, and the clinical and functional outcome of a patient. METHODS: A 62-year-old patient with recurrent sacral chordoma was admitted in our center...
November 14, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836262/tissue-interface-pressure-and-skin-integrity-in-critically-ill-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#16
Mary Jo Grap, Cindy L Munro, Paul A Wetzel, Christine M Schubert, Anathea Pepperl, Ruth S Burk, Valentina Lucas
OBJECTIVE: To describe tissue interface pressure, time spent above critical pressure levels and the effect on skin integrity at seven anatomical locations. DESIGN, SETTING, PATIENTS: Descriptive, longitudinal study in critically ill mechanically ventilated adults, from Surgical Trauma ICU-STICU; Medical Respiratory ICU-MRICU; Neuroscience ICU-NSICU in a Mid-Atlantic urban university medical centre. Subjects were enroled in the study within 24hours of intubation...
November 8, 2016: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832810/eccrine-porocarcinoma-of-the-vulva-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Ayako Fujimine-Sato, Masafumi Toyoshima, Shogo Shigeta, Asami Toki, Takashi Kuno, Izumi Sato, Mika Watanabe, Hitoshi Niikura, Nobuo Yaegashi
BACKGROUND: Malignant tumors arising from the vulva account for only 0.6 % of all cancers in female patients. The predominant histologic type, representing about 90 % of these malignancies, is squamous cell carcinoma. Eccrine porocarcinoma is a rare malignant tumor arising from sweat glands. The incidence of eccrine porocarcinoma is estimated at 0.005-0.01 % of all cutaneous tumors. To the best of our knowledge, only seven previous cases of vulvar eccrine porocarcinoma have been reported in the English-language literature...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826717/a-never-before-reported-variant-of-the-sacrum
#18
Erfanul Saker, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, James M Johnston, R Shane Tubbs, Michael Conklin
INTRODUCTION: Several important steps occur in order for the sacrum to develop properly. Embryological derailment can result in several different anatomical variants. CASE REPORT: Herein, we report, to our knowledge, the first case of a duplicated sacrum in the sagittal plane. CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians and radiologists should be aware of such a finding if found during imaging. We would hypothesize that such a variant occurred near the 29th day of development and probably arose from an error in the HOX gene...
November 8, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825352/treatment-of-kyphosis-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-by-osteotomy-through-the-gap-of-a-pathological-fracture-a-retrospective-study
#19
Hongqi Zhang, Zhenhai Zhou, Chaofeng Guo, Yuxiang Wang, Honggui Yu, Longjie Wang
BACKGROUND: Surgical interventions are commonly advocated for correcting kyphotic deformities and relieving severe back pain in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of osteotomy performed through the gap of a pathological fracture for the treatment of kyphosis in ankylosing spondylitis and to introduce the key points of this novel surgical approach. METHODS: From January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2014, 13 consecutive AS patients who were treated with osteotomy through the fracture gap were retrospectively reviewed...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819871/atypical-notochordal-cell-tumors-a-series-of-notochordal-derived-tumors-that-defy-current-classification-schemes
#20
Jodi M Carter, Doris E Wenger, Peter S Rose, Carrie Y Inwards
By the current WHO classification, benign notochordal cell tumor (BNCT) and chordoma comprise the entire spectrum of notochordal-derived tumors. They have defined radiologic and histologic criteria, and differ considerably in management and clinical outcome. Chordomas are malignant tumors; they show progressive, destructive growth and have the capacity for metastasis. In contrast, BNCT are benign and show limited intraosseous growth. Patients with BNCT can be managed with serial imaging or conservative excision, whereas patients with spinal/sacral chordomas typically undergo radical en bloc resection often with adjuvant therapy and significant morbidity...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
keyword
keyword
14987
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"