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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037187/designing-equitable-workplace-dietary-interventions-perceptions-of-intervention-deliverers
#1
Sarah A Smith, Shelina Visram, Claire O'Malley, Carolyn Summerbell, Vera Araujo-Soares, Frances Hillier-Brown, Amelia A Lake
BACKGROUND: Workplaces are a good setting for interventions that aim to support workers in achieving a healthier diet and body weight. However, little is known about the factors that impact on the feasibility and implementation of these interventions, and how these might vary by type of workplace and type of worker. The aim of this study was to explore the views of those involved in commissioning and delivering the Better Health at Work Award, an established and evidence-based workplace health improvement programme...
October 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032579/incidentally-detected-testicular-lesions-10-mm-in-diameter-can-orchidectomy-be-avoided
#2
Glenda Scandura, Clare Verrill, Andrew Protheroe, Johnson Joseph, Wendy Ansell, Anju Sahdev, Jonathan Shamash, Daniel M Berney
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pathology of excised testicular lesions <10 mm. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The pathological reports of 2,681 patients from Barts Health NHS Trust and Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (OUHFT) were reviewed as part of a service evaluation audit from January 2003 to May 2016. Cases with a maximum diameter of <10 mm were selected. Clinical features were also accessed, where available, to look for patient demographics, pre-diagnostic levels of serum markers, ultrasonograophic (US) findings and clinical details...
October 15, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026742/contraceptive-behavior-of-couples-undergoing-sterilization-in-an-eastern-state-of-india
#3
Venkatarao Epari, Lipilekha Patnaik, Deepa Prasad, Trilochan Sahu, Arunkiran Soodireddy, Arabinda Acharya
BACKGROUND: As a part of a larger study for evaluating the effectiveness of a community-based family welfare program, this study assessed the contraceptive behavior of couples preceding sterilization and termination of pregnancies, if any during the interim period. METHODS: During May-June 2013, a cross-sectional study was undertaken in three districts of Odisha, an eastern state of India with poor maternal health indicators. Using a 15 × 14 cluster design with probability proportionate to size sampling 15 village clusters from each district were selected...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017546/is-there-a-doctor-in-the-house-availability-of-israeli-physicians-to-the-workforce
#4
Pamela Kuflik Horowitz, Annarosa Anat Shemesh, Tuvia Horev
BACKGROUND: Israeli policymakers have expressed serious concerns about being able to meet the growing demand for physician services. For this reason, the Israel Ministry of Health (MoH) undertook studies based on 2008 and then 2012 data to obtain an accurate assessment of the size, specialty mix, demographic and geographic composition of the physician workforce. This paper highlights the findings from these studies about the number and percentage of licensed physicians in Israel who were not available, were only partially available, or were about to leave the Israeli healthcare workforce...
May 30, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994106/safety-culture-and-mortality-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-study-of-medicare-beneficiaries-at-171-hospitals
#5
David M Shahian, Xiu Liu, Laura P Rossi, Elizabeth A Mort, Sharon-Lise T Normand
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between hospital safety culture and 30-day risk-adjusted mortality for Medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in a large, diverse hospital cohort. SUBJECTS: The final analytic cohort consisted of 19,357 Medicare AMI discharges (MedPAR data) linked to 257 AHRQ Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture surveys from 171 hospitals between 2008 and 2013. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study using hierarchical logistic models to estimate the association between hospital safety scores and 30-day risk-adjusted patient mortality...
October 9, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993544/distress-related-to-individual-depressive-symptoms-a-cross-sectional-study-in-thai-patients-with-major-depression
#6
T Rungpetchwong, S Likhitsathian, S Jaranai, M Srisurapanont
OBJECTIVE: To examine the distress related to individual depressive symptoms, the correlation between symptom distress and disability, and the gender difference in distress levels in patients with major depressive disorder. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, observational study carried out at a university hospital providing tertiary care in northern Thailand. Participants were patients with major depressive disorder aged between 18 and 65 years. Depression severity was self-rated using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991122/peripheral-nerve-blocks-for-hip-fractures-a-cochrane-review
#7
Joanne Guay, Martyn J Parker, Richard Griffiths, Sandra L Kopp
BACKGROUND: This review focuses on the use of peripheral nerve blocks as preoperative analgesia, as postoperative analgesia, or as a supplement to general anesthesia for hip fracture surgery and tries to determine if they offer any benefit in terms of pain on movement at 30 minutes after block placement, acute confusional state, myocardial infarction/ischemia, pneumonia, mortality, time to first mobilization, and cost of analgesic. METHODS: Trials were identified by computerized searches of Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (2016, Issue 8), MEDLINE (Ovid SP, 1966 to 2016 August week 1), Embase (Ovid SP, 1988 to 2016 August week 1), and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (EBSCO, 1982 to 2016 August week 1), trials registers, and reference lists of relevant articles...
October 4, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990190/a-randomized-waitlist-control-community-study-of-social-cognition-and-interaction-training-for-people-with-schizophrenia
#8
Anne Gordon, Penelope J Davis, Susan Patterson, Christopher A Pepping, James G Scott, Kerri Salter, Melissa Connell
OBJECTIVE: Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT) has demonstrated effectiveness in improving social cognition and functioning of people with schizophrenia. This pilot study examines the acceptability, feasibility, and effectiveness of SCIT with individuals who have schizophrenia-spectrum disorders and are receiving care through a public mental health service. METHOD: In a pragmatic randomized waitlist controlled trial, 36 participants (aged 19-55 years) with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder were randomly allocated to SCIT or treatment as usual (TAU)...
October 9, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985710/early-life-exposures-and-johne-s-disease-risk-in-zoo-ruminants
#9
Tristan L Burgess, Carmel L Witte, Bruce A Rideout
Johne's disease, caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), is a chronic, progressive bacterial enteritis of ruminants that can cause serious losses in both livestock and exotic species. Infection risk in exotic ruminants is associated with maternal infection status, but the effect of other herdmates on risk of infection has not been reported, to our knowledge. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate the association between MAP infection status and early-life contact with infected herdmates...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975477/meta-analysis-of-alcohol-and-serodiscordant-condomless-sex-among-people-living-with-hiv
#10
Sarahmona M Przybyla, Gabriela Krawiec, Stephanie A Godleski, Cory A Crane
While observational studies have found that alcohol consumption is associated with serodiscordant condomless sex among people living with HIV (PLHIV), no meta-analysis has yet examined this trend. We conducted a meta-analysis to synthesize empirical evidence on the association between alcohol and condomless sex with partners at risk of HIV acquisition. To meet inclusion criteria, studies: (1) specifically targeted PLHIV or provided stratified data for HIV-infected participants; (2) provided a quantitative measure of alcohol use; (3) provided a quantitative measure of condomless sex with serodiscordant partners; and (4) reported the results of statistical tests examining the relationship between alcohol use and serodiscordant condomless sex...
October 3, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972239/interventions-to-improve-the-oral-health-of-people-with-dementia-or-cognitive-impairment-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
E Siegel, M Cations, C Wright, V Naganathan, A Deutsch, L Aerts, H Brodaty
OBJECTIVE: Oral diseases and conditions are prevalent among older people with dementia and cognitive impairment. While many interventions have been advocated for use in this population, evidence for their effectiveness is unclear. Our objective was to review systematically the content and effectiveness of interventions and implementation strategies used to improve or maintain the oral health of people with dementia or cognitive impairment. METHODS: Original studies published in English at any time until January 2015 were identified through electronic searches of the Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Scopus and Cochrane databases and hand searches of eligible studies and relevant reviews...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971964/the-norwegian-patient-experiences-with-gp-questionnaire-peq-gp-reliability-and-construct-validity-following-a-national-survey
#12
Olaf Holmboe, Hilde Hestad Iversen, Kirsten Danielsen, Oyvind Bjertnaes
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test the reliability and validity of a new questionnaire for measuring patient experiences with general practitioners (PEQ-GP) following a national survey. SETTING: Postal survey among patients on any of 500 GPs patient lists in Norway. GPs were stratified by practice size and geographical criteria. PARTICIPANTS: 4964 patients who had at least one consultation with their regular GP in the foregoing 12 months were included in the study...
October 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969632/the-effect-of-holes-in-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-on-malaria-in-malawi-results-from-a-case-control-study
#13
Anna A Minta, Keren Z Landman, Dyson A Mwandama, Monica P Shah, Jodi L Vanden Eng, James F Sutcliffe, Joseph Chisaka, Kim A Lindblade, Don P Mathanga, Laura C Steinhardt
BACKGROUND: Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are a cornerstone of malaria prevention. Holes develop in LLINs over time and compromise their physical integrity, but how holes affect malaria transmission risk is not well known. METHODS: After a nationwide mass LLIN distribution in July 2012, a study was conducted to assess the relationship between LLIN damage and malaria. From March to September 2013, febrile children ages 6-59 months who consistently slept under LLINs (every night for 2 weeks before illness onset) were enrolled in a case-control study at Machinga District Hospital outpatient department...
October 2, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966187/postdoctoral-teaching-of-geriatric-dentistry-in-u-s-dental-schools
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ronald L Ettinger, Zachary S Goettsche, Fang Qian
The aim of this study was to determine the number and size of postdoctoral teaching programs in geriatric dentistry in U.S. dental schools and other health professions educational institutions and those programs with Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) funding. In 2015, all 67 U.S. dental schools were contacted via email with a questionnaire to ask if they had a postdoctoral program in geriatric dentistry; if they did, they were asked to report the length and size of the program. Directors of all 16 HRSA-funded geriatric fellowships were also invited to participate in the survey...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962071/thrombopoietin-mimetics-for-patients-with-myelodysplastic-syndromes
#15
REVIEW
Helga Dodillet, Karl-Anton Kreuzer, Ina Monsef, Nicole Skoetz
BACKGROUND: Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is one of the most frequent haematologic malignancies of the elderly population and characterised by progenitor cell dysplasia with ineffective haematopoiesis and a high rate of transformation to acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Thrombocytopenia represents a common problem for patients with MDS. ranging from mild to serious bleeding events and death. To manage thrombocytopenia, the current standard treatment includes platelet transfusion, unfortunately leading to a range of side effects...
September 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959195/prenatal-exposure-to-paint-thinner-alters-postnatal-development-and-behavior-in-mice
#16
Hanaa Malloul, Ferdaousse M Mahdani, Mohammed Bennis, Saadia Ba-M'hamed
Occupational exposure and sniffing of volatile organic solvents continue to be a worldwide health problem, raising the risk for teratogenic sequelae of maternal inhalant abuse. Real life exposures usually involve simultaneous exposures to multiple solvents, and almost all the abused solvents contain a mixture of two or more different volatile compounds. However, several studies examined the teratogenicity due to industrial exposure to a single volatile solvent but investigating the teratogenic potential of complex chemical mixture such as thinner remains unexplored...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953783/the-wounded-healer-film-a-london-college-of-communication-event-to-challenge-mental-health-stigma-through-the-power-of-motion-picture
#17
Ahmed Hankir, Rashid Zaman, Benjamin Geers, Gus Rosie, Grainne Breslin, Lilly Barr, Frederick R Carrick, Sal Anderson
BACKGROUND: There is a preponderance of mental health problems in students on a global scale which can have a considerable effect on their academic performance and a profound impact on their quality of life. Many universities offer free counselling services however despite this a recent study in the US revealed that up to 84% of students who screened positive for depression or anxiety did not receive any treatment. There are many obstacles that students with mental health problems encounter that prevents them from receiving care, foremost among these is stigma...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949421/calcium-supplementation-commencing-before-or-early-in-pregnancy-or-food-fortification-with-calcium-for-preventing-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy
#18
REVIEW
G Justus Hofmeyr, Sarah Manyame
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is considerably more prevalent in low- than high-income countries. One possible explanation for this discrepancy is dietary differences, particularly calcium deficiency. Calcium supplementation in the second half of pregnancy reduces the serious consequences of pre-eclampsia and is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for women with low dietary calcium intake, but has limited effect on the overall risk of pre-eclampsia. It is important to establish whether calcium supplementation before and in early pregnancy has added benefit...
September 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945181/modeling-the-cost-effectiveness-of-interventions-to-reduce-suicide-risk-among-hospital-emergency-department-patients
#19
Peter Denchev, Jane L Pearson, Michael H Allen, Cynthia A Claassen, Glenn W Currier, Douglas F Zatzick, Michael Schoenbaum
OBJECTIVE: This study estimated the expected cost-effectiveness and population impact of outpatient interventions to reduce suicide risk among patients presenting to general hospital emergency departments (EDs), compared with usual care. Several such interventions have been found efficacious, but none is yet widespread, and the cost-effectiveness of population-based implementation is unknown. METHODS: Modeled cost-effectiveness analysis compared three ED-initiated suicide prevention interventions previously found to be efficacious-follow-up via postcards or caring letters, follow-up via telephone outreach, and suicide-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)-with usual care...
September 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944952/bypassing-agent-prophylaxis-in-people-with-hemophilia-a-or-b-with-inhibitors
#20
REVIEW
Chatree Chai-Adisaksopha, Sarah J Nevitt, Mindy L Simpson, Maissaa Janbain, Barbara A Konkle
BACKGROUND: People with hemophilia A or B with inhibitors are at high risk of bleeding complications. Infusion of bypassing agents, such as recombinant activated FVII (rFVIIa) and plasma-derived activated prothrombin complex concentrate, are suggested as alternative therapies to factor VIII (haemophilia A) or IX (haemophilia B) for individuals who no longer respond to these treatments because they develop inhibitory antibodies. The ultimate goal of treatment is to preserve the individual's joints, otherwise destroyed by recurrent bleeds...
September 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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