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extract against isolates of methicillin- resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Amani F Abaza, Osama N Mohamed, Fathy K El-Fiky, Khaled A Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the occurrence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage among patients, healthcare workers (HCWs), and community individuals, as well as to test the effect of tea extracts on detected S. aureus isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study that was followed by an experimental study included a total of 1021 nasal swab samples that were collected from 470 community cases, 191 HCWs, and 360 patients...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Kenneth S Thomson, Gina K Thomson, John Biehle, Andrew Deeb, Jamaal Crawford, R Herrera
BACKGROUND: The use of topical antimicrobial agents for management of minor skin infections is a clinical strategy that is commonly practiced in the community. Coupled with the use of topical antimicrobial agents is the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains of pathogens leading to the need for alternative treatments. OBJECTIVE: A novel topical combination ointment consisting of salicylic acid, oak bark extract, benzoic acid, and polyethylene glycol (Bensal HP, Sonar products Inc...
2016: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
Marcelo M P Tangerina, Hebelin Correa, Brad Haltli, Wagner Vilegas, Russell G Kerr
Shrimp fisheries along the Brazilian coast have significant environmental impact due to high by-catch rates (21 kg per kilogram of shrimp). Typically discarded, by-catch contains many invertebrates that may host a great variety of bacterial genera, some of which may produce bioactive natural products with biotechnological applications. Therefore, to utilize by-catch that is usually discarded we explored the biotechnological potential of culturable bacteria of two abundant by-catch invertebrate species, the snail Olivancillaria urceus and the sea star Luidia senegalensis...
September 19, 2016: Archives of Microbiology
M Sharifi-Rad, M Iriti, M Sharifi-Rad, S Gibbons, J Sharifi-Rad
In this study, we evaluated the effects of the extracts of the leaves of species from the Rubiaceae (Galium aparine L. and Asperula arvensis L.), Fabaceae (Lathyrus aphaca L. and Vicia narbonensis L.) and Poaceae (Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. and Hordeum murinum L.) plant families on a wide and extensive panel of isolated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains (MRSA). The effects of the methanolic leaf extracts of Rubiaceae, Fabaceae and Poaceae plants on MRSA were evaluated by the disc diffusion assay and the broth dilution method...
2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Demetrio L Valle, Juliana Janet M Puzon, Esperanza C Cabrera, Windell L Rivera
This study isolated and identified the antimicrobial compounds of Philippine Piper betle L. leaf ethanol extracts by thin layer chromatography- (TLC-) bioautography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Initially, TLC separation of the leaf ethanol extracts provided a maximum of eight compounds with R f values of 0.92, 0.86, 0.76, 0.53, 0.40, 0.25, 0.13, and 0.013, best visualized when inspected under UV 366 nm. Agar-overlay bioautography of the isolated compounds demonstrated two spots with R f values of 0...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Nidal Amin Jaradat, Abdel Naser Zaid, Aladdin Abuzant, Ramzi Shawahna
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is an increasing interest in developing more efficient techniques for the extraction of phytochemicals. Microwaves and ultrasonic extraction methods are promising techniques that can be used for this purpose. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of different extraction methods on yield, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of volatile oil extracted from Trichodesma africanum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Volatile oil was extracted using microwave, ultrasonic, microwave-ultrasonic, and conventional hydrodistillation methods...
June 2016: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
Muhanna M Alshaibani, Juriyati Jalil, Nik M Sidik, Ruangelie Edrada-Ebel, Noraziah M Zin
BACKGROUND: Zingiber spectabile, commonly known as Beehive Ginger, is used as an ethnobotanical plant in many countries as an appetizer or to treat stomachache, toothache, muscle sprain, and as a cure for swelling, sores and cuts. This is the first report of isolation of Streptomyces strain from the root of this plant. Strain Universiti Kebangsaan 25 (SUK 25) has a very high activity to produce secondary metabolites against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), which is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates due to acquired multidrug resistance genes and causes medication failure in some clinical cases worldwide...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Mahdi Moridi Farimani, Akram Taleghani, Abbas Aliabadi, Atousa Aliahmadi, Mohammad Ali Esmaeili, Nazanin Namazi Sarvestani, Hamid Reza Khavasi, Martin Smieško, Matthias Hamburger, Samad Nejad Ebrahimi
Fractionation of an n-hexane extract of the aerial parts of Salvia leriifolia led to the isolation of two new (1, 2) and two known (3, 4) labdane diterpenoids, together with three other known compounds. The structures were established by a combination of 1D and 2D NMR, and HRESIMS. The structures of 1 and 3 were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray analysis. The absolute configuration of 1-4 was established by electronic circular dichroism spectroscopy. Compounds 1-4 were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against MCF-7 human breast cancer cells...
September 2016: Planta Medica
Hanène Zater, Joëlle Huet, Véronique Fontaine, Samir Benayache, Caroline Stévigny, Pierre Duez, Fadila Benayache
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the chemical composition of a moderately polar extract (CHCl3 soluble part of the MeOH-H2O extract) obtained from the aerial parts (leaves and flowers) of Centaurea diluta Ait. subsp. algeriensis (Coss. & Dur.) Maire, a species endemic to Algeria and Morocco on which no reports are available to date. To evaluate in vitro the cytotoxic, antifungal and antimicrobial activities of this extract and the cytotoxic and antimicrobial activities of its isolated secondary metabolites...
June 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Alfredo Aires, Eduardo Marrinhas, Rosa Carvalho, Carla Dias, Maria José Saavedra
Pterospartum tridentatum and Mentha pulegium are largely used in Portuguese folk medicine to treat several human disorders and inflammatory processes but without any consistent evidence for those beneficial pointed properties. Thus, the aim of the current work is to evaluate its benefits and phytochemicals related to those beneficial properties. A distinct polyphenol profile between P. tridentatum and M. pulegium was found. Taxifolin, myricetin, ginestin, ginestein, and ginestein derivatives, biochanin A-glucoside, and biochanin A were identified in P...
2016: BioMed Research International
Afra Khiralla, Ietidal E Mohamed, Tzvetomira Tzanova, Hervé Schohn, Sophie Slezack-Deschaumes, Alain Hehn, Philippe André, Gaëlle Carre, Rosella Spina, Annelise Lobstein, Sakina Yagi, Dominique Laurain-Mattar
In this study, we isolated 15 endophytic fungi from five Sudanese medicinal plants. Each fungal endophytic strain was identified by sequencing of internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of rDNA. Ethyl acetate extracts were prepared from each endophyte cultivated in vitro and tested for their respective antibacterial activities and antiproliferative activities against human cancer cells. Antibacterial screening was carried out against two bacterial strains: Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, by the broth dilution method...
June 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Priyanka Sharma, Mohan C Kalita, Debajit Thakur
A mesophilic actinomycete strain designated as PB-52 was isolated from soil samples of Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary of Assam, India. Based on phenotypic and molecular characteristics, the strain was identified as Nocardia sp. which shares 99.7% sequence similarity with Nocardia niigatensis IFM 0330 (NR_112195). The strain is a Gram-positive filamentous bacterium with rugose spore surface which exhibited a wide range of antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Gram-negative bacteria, and yeasts...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Cynthia M Mudalungu, Christian Richter, Kathrin Wittstein, Muna Ali Abdalla, Josphat C Matasyoh, Marc Stadler, Roderich D Süssmuth
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the mycelial extract of a basidiomycete culture collected in Kenya led to the isolation of two new cyathane diterpenoids named laxitextines A (1) and B (2). The producer strain was characterized by detailed taxonomic studies based on rDNA using the 5.8S gene region, the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2), and part of the large subunit that identified the fungus as Laxitextum incrustatum. The structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated by NMR spectroscopic and mass spectrometric analyses...
April 22, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
Khursheed Ali, Sourabh Dwivedi, Ameer Azam, Quaiser Saquib, Mansour S Al-Said, Abdulaziz A Alkhedhairy, Javed Musarrat
ZnO nanoparticles (ZnONPs) were synthesised through a simple and efficient biogenic synthesis approach, exploiting the reducing and capping potential of Aloe barbadensis Miller (A. vera) leaf extract (ALE). ALE-capped ZnO nanoparticles (ALE-ZnONPs) were characterized using UV-Vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analyses. XRD analysis provided the average size of ZnONPs as 15 nm...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
G R Silva-Lacerda, R C F Santana, M C V Vicalvi-Costa, E G Solidônio, K X F R Sena, G M S Lima, J M Araújo
Actinobacteria are known to produce various secondary metabolites having antibiotic effects. This study assessed the antimicrobial potential of actinobacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of Caesalpinia pyramidalis Tul. from the Caatinga biome. Sixty-eight actinobacteria isolates were evaluated for antimicrobial activity against different microorganisms by disk diffusion and submerged fermentation, using different culture media, followed by determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and chemical prospecting of the crude extract...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Pei Huang, Feng Xie, Biao Ren, Qian Wang, Jian Wang, Qi Wang, Wael M Abdel-Mageed, Miaomiao Liu, Jianying Han, Ayokunmi Oyeleye, Jinzhao Shen, Fuhang Song, Huanqin Dai, Xueting Liu, Lixin Zhang
Microbes belonging to the genus Verrucosispora possess significant chemical diversity and biological properties. They have attracted the interests of many researchers and are becoming promising resources in the marine natural product research field. A bioassay-guided isolation from the crude extract of Verrucosispora sp. strain MS100047, isolated from sediments collected from the South China Sea, has led to the identification of a new salicylic derivative, glycerol 1-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl benzoate (1), along with three known compounds, brevianamide F (2), abyssomicin B (3), and proximicin B (4)...
September 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
A M Deveau, Z Miller-Hope, E Lloyd, B S Williams, C Bolduc, J M Meader, F Weiss, K M Burkholder
UNLABELLED: Staphylococcus aureus is a common human bacterial pathogen that causes skin and soft tissue infections. Methicillin-resistant Staph. aureus (MRSA) are increasingly drug-resistant, and thus there is great need for new therapeutics to treat Staph. aureus infections. Attention has focused on potential utility of natural products, such as extracts of marine macroalgae, as a source of novel antimicrobial compounds. The green macroalgae Ulva lactuca produces compounds inhibitory to human pathogens, although the effectiveness of U...
May 2016: Letters in Applied Microbiology
Sung-Hwan Eom, Yeoun-Joong Jung, Dae-Sung Lee, Mi-Jin Yim, Hye Seon Kim, Sang-Hoon Lee, Jeong-In Myeong, Jinhwan Lee, Hyun-Woo Kim, Kyoung-Ho Kim, Myung-Suk Lee, Young-Mog Kim
Traditional medicinal plants contain a wide variety of chemicals that have potent antibacterial activity. To find an alternative agent of overcoming the problems of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), the antibacterial mechanism of Ponciruss trifoliata against MRSA was investigated. Ethyl acetate (EtOAc)-soluble extract of P. trifoliata methanolic extract was evaluated for antibacterial activity using minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). An EtOAc sub-fraction 08 (EA08) from silica-gel open column chromatography exhibited strong anti-MRSA activity...
January 2016: Journal of Environmental Biology
Xu Yang, En Huang, Chunhua Yuan, Liwen Zhang, Ahmed E Yousef
A new environmental bacterial strain exhibited strong antimicrobial characteristics against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, vancomycin-resistant strains of Enterococcus faecalis and Lactobacillus plantarum, and other Gram-positive bacteria. The producer strain, designated OSY-I1, was determined to be Brevibacillus laterosporusvia morphological, biochemical, and genetic analyses. The antimicrobial agent was extracted from cells of OSY-I1 with isopropanol, purified by high-performance liquid chromatography, and structurally analyzed using mass spectrometry (MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)...
May 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Mohamed Saeed Zayed Al-Ayed, Ahmed Morad Asaad, Mohamed Ansar Qureshi, Hany Goda Attia, Abduljabbar Hadi AlMarrani
Much effort has focused on examining the inhibitory effect of Salvadora persica (miswak) on oral microorganisms, but information concerning its antibacterial activity against other human pathogens, particularly multidrug resistant (MDR) isolates, is scarce. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the in vitro antibacterial activities of Salvadora persica L. extracts against 10 MDR bacterial clinical isolates other than oral pathogens. The antibacterial activity of aqueous and methanol miswak extracts was assessed using the agar dilution and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) methods...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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