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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342202/treatment-of-chronic-venous-ulcers-experience-in-six-patients-treated-with-terminal-interruption-of-the-reflux-source-tirs
#1
M Mendieta-Eckert, J L Azpiazu-Macho, R Lambea-Crespo
Venous leg ulcers (VLU) are the latest manifestation of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) and the leading cause of chronic leg ulcers. Compression therapy is considered the main treatment. Unfortunately, they require long-term treatment to cure and have a high rate of recurrence (up to 78%). (1,)(2) This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 25, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334463/a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-nursing-home-survey-on-patient-safety-culture
#2
Shu-Yuan Lin, Wei Ting Tseng, Miao-Ju Hsu, Hui-Ying Chiang, Hui-Chen Tseng
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To test the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Nursing Home Survey on Patient Safety Culture scale (NHSPSC) among staff in long-term care facilities. BACKGROUND: The NHSPSC scale is a standard tool for safety culture assessment in nursing homes. Extending its application to different types of long-term care facilities and varied ethnic populations is worth pursuing. DESIGN: A national random survey. METHODS: A total of 306 managers and staff completed the Chinese version of the NHSPSC scale (C-NHSPSC) among 30 long-term care facilities in Taiwan...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332295/advanced-cardiovascular-imaging-in-williams-syndrome-abnormalities-usefulness-and-strategy-for-use
#3
Jordan A Hills, Yuri A Zarate, Noelle R Danylchuk, Tiffany Lepard, Jean Chi-Jen Chen, Ronnie Thomas Collins
Extracardiac arterial stenoses are not uncommon in Williams syndrome (WS); however, data on the utility of advanced cardiovascular imaging (CVI) to assess these stenoses are lacking. We retrospectively reviewed the frequency, indication, and diagnostic outcomes of CVI modalities performed in patients with WS evaluated at a single institution between 2001 and 2014. Data were collected and analyzed from 34 patients (56% female) who underwent CVI during the study period. The median age was 10 years (range 1.8-33 years)...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327496/the-quality-of-nursing-in-intensive-care-a-development-of-a-rating-scale
#4
Rachele La Sala, Elena Galfrè, Laura Bertani, Valentina Mingolla, Silvia Murelli, Giuseppina Messina
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The evaluation of nursing care is a topic of great interest and especially crucial in intensive care contexts. However, inside the Italian scientific scenario it is still difficult to measure NSO, or Nursing Sensitive Outcomes, due to the lack of indicators or scales shared by the nursing community. The aim of the present study was therefore to develop a Quality Nursing Care Scale for the Intensive Care (ICU-I-QNCS). METHOD: From the literature review of the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) quality standards, they were generated 63 items...
March 14, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326794/urothelial-tumors-and-dual-band-imaging-a-new-concept-in-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy
#5
Arnaud Marien, Aurélien Rock, Khaled El Maadarani, Catherine Francois, Pierre Gosset, Brigitte Mauroy, Jean-Louis Bonnal
OBJECTIVES: Confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) uses a low-energy laser light source to obtain microscopic histology images of bladder tissue exposed to a fluorescent dye. To evaluate the feasibility of using CLE with two fluorophores: fluorescein (FLUO) and hexylaminolevulinate (HAL) to determine histologic and cytologic bladder cancer criteria. METHODS: Patients eligible for HAL-photodynamic diagnosis-assisted transurethral resection of bladder tumor were included...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322663/factors-affecting-korean-neonatal-infant-pain-care
#6
Haeyoung Min, Catherine Vincent, Alicia K Matthews, Linda L McCreary, Chang G Park, Margot Latimer
This study aimed to translate three English-language instruments-Pain Knowledge and Use (PKU), Collaboration and Satisfaction About Care Decisions (CSACD), and Environmental Complexity Scale (ECS)-into Korean and evaluate the equivalence of the instrument versions. Three Korean translators and two senior reviewers translated the instruments' 56 items using a committee approach. Eight Korean experts evaluated the cultural relevance of the translated instruments using a content validity index (CVI), and 12 Korean neonatal nurses were interviewed to assess their understanding of items...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300737/setting-up-of-a-cerebral-visual-impairment-clinic-for-children-challenges-and-future-developments
#7
Swetha Sara Philip
AIM: The aim of this study is to describe the setting up of a cerebral visual impairment (CVI) clinic in a tertiary care hospital in South India and to describe the spectrum of cases seen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CVI clinic, set up in February 2011, receives interdisciplinary input from a core team involving a pediatrician, neurologist, psychiatrist, occupational therapist, pediatric ophthalmologist, and an optometrist. All children, <18 years of age, with cerebral palsy (CP), learning disability, autism, neurodegenerative diseases, and brain trauma are referred to the clinic for functional vision assessment and opinion for further management...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286515/genetic-architecture-of-resistance-to-alternaria-brassicae-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-qtl-mapping-reveals-two-major-resistance-conferring-loci
#8
Sivasubramanian Rajarammohan, Amarendra Kumar, Vibha Gupta, Deepak Pental, Akshay K Pradhan, Jagreet Kaur
Alternaria brassicae, a necrotrophic fungal pathogen, causes Alternaria blight, one of the most important diseases of oleiferous Brassica crops. The current study utilized Arabidopsis as a model to decipher the genetic architecture of defense against A. brassicae. Significant phenotypic variation that was largely genetically determined was observed among Arabidopsis accessions in response to pathogen challenge. Three biparental mapping populations were developed from three resistant accessions viz. CIBC-5, Ei-2, and Cvi-0 and two susceptible accessions - Gre-0 and Zdr-1 (commonly crossed to CIBC-5 and Ei-2)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279392/perception-of-late-effects-among-long-term-survivors-after-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-descriptive-analysis-and-validation-of-the-brief-illness-perception-questionnaire-a-sub-study-of-the-provivo-study
#9
Sabine Valenta, Sabina De Geest, Katharina Fierz, Sonja Beckmann, Jörg Halter, Urs Schanz, Gayathri Nair, Monika Kirsch
PURPOSE: To give a first description of the perception of late effects among long-term survivors after Allogeneic Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) and to validate the German Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (BIPQ). METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from the cross-sectional, mixed-method PROVIVO study, which included 376 survivors from two Swiss HSCT-centres. First, we analysed the sample characteristics and the distribution for each BIPQ item...
April 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277970/analyses-of-natural-variation-indicates-that-the-absence-of-rps4-rrs1-and-amino-acid-change-in-rps4-cause-loss-of-their-functions-and-resistance-to-pathogens
#10
Mari Narusaka, Satoshi Iuchi, Yoshihiro Narusaka
A pair of Arabidopsis thaliana resistance proteins, RPS4 and RRS1, recognizes the cognate Avr effector from the bacterial pathogens Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato expressing avrRps4 (Pst-avrRps4), Ralstonia solanacearum, and the fungal pathogen Colletotrichum higginsianum and leads to defense signaling activation against the pathogens. In the present study, we analyzed 14 A. thaliana accessions for natural variation in Pst-avrRps4 and C. higginsianum susceptibility, and found new compatible and incompatible Arabidopsis-pathogen interactions...
March 4, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273077/prevalence-of-condomless-anal-intercourse-and-recent-hiv-testing-and-their-associated-factors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-hangzhou-china-a-respondent-driven-sampling-survey
#11
Runhua Li, Hui Wang, Xiaohong Pan, Qiaoqin Ma, Lin Chen, Xin Zhou, Tingting Jiang, Lin He, Junfang Chen, Xingliang Zhang, Yan Luo, Shengjun Xi, Xin Lv, Shichang Xia
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a large high-risk population for HIV infection in recent years in China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Hangzhou, China, to determine rates of condomless anal intercourse (CAI), recent HIV testing (in the recent year) and associated factors using respondent-driven sampling. Questionnaires using face-to-face interviews were employed to collect data on sexual risk behaviors and HIV testing. Five hundred eleven MSM were recruited, of which 459 (89.8%) had anal intercourse in the past 6 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270603/hybrid-incompatibility-caused-by-an-epiallele
#12
Todd Blevins, Jing Wang, David Pflieger, Frédéric Pontvianne, Craig S Pikaard
Hybrid incompatibility resulting from deleterious gene combinations is thought to be an important step toward reproductive isolation and speciation. Here, we demonstrate involvement of a silent epiallele in hybrid incompatibility. In Arabidopsis thaliana accession Cvi-0, one of the two copies of a duplicated histidine biosynthesis gene, HISN6A, is mutated, making HISN6B essential. In contrast, in accession Col-0, HISN6A is essential because HISN6B is not expressed. Owing to these differences, Cvi-0 × Col-0 hybrid progeny that are homozygous for both Cvi-0 HISN6A and Col-0 HISN6B do not survive...
March 7, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267118/development-of-a-survey-to-explore-factors-influencing-the-adoption-of-best-practices-for-diabetic-foot-ulcer-offloading
#13
Maude Bleau Lavigne, Isabelle Reeves, Marie-Josée Sasseville, Christine Loignon
PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to develop 2 survey tools to explore factors influencing adoption of best practices for diabetic foot ulcer offloading treatment in primary health care settings. One survey was intended for the patients receiving care for a diabetic foot ulcer in primary health care settings and the other was intended for the health professionals providing treatment. The second purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the 2 surveys...
March 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257883/biological-variation-evaluation-of-methods-for-constructing-confidence-intervals-for-estimates-of-within-person-biological-variation-for-different-distributions-of-the-within-person-effect
#14
Thomas Røraas, Bård Støve, Per Hyltoft Petersen, Sverre Sandberg
BACKGROUND: Precise estimates of the within-person biological variation, CVI, can be essential both for monitoring patients and for setting analytical performance specifications. The confidence interval, CI, may be used to evaluate the reliability of an estimate, as it is a good measure of the uncertainty of the estimated CVI. The aim of the present study is to evaluate and establish methods for constructing a CI with the correct coverage probability and non-cover probability when estimating CVI...
February 28, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243741/biological-variation-of-chloride-and-sodium-in-sweat-obtained-by-pilocarpine-iontophoresis-in-adults-how-sure-are-you-about-sweat-test-results
#15
Philippe Willems, Steven Weekx, Anissa Meskal, Sofie Schouwers
INTRODUCTION: The measurement of chloride and sodium concentrations in sweat is an important test for the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis (CF). The aim of this study was to assess the analytical variation (CVA) and within-subject (CVI) and between-subject (CVG) biological variation of chloride and sodium concentrations in sweat, collected by pilocarpine iontophoresis and to determine their effect on the clinical interpretation of sweat test results. METHODS: Twelve Caucasian adults (six male and six female) without symptoms suggestive for CF and with a mean age of 41 years (range 28-59) were included in the study...
February 27, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230779/validity-and-reliability-of-general-nutrition-knowledge-questionnaire-for-adults-in-uganda
#16
Richard Bukenya, Abhiya Ahmed, Jeanette M Andrade, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, John Muyonga, Juan E Andrade
This study sought to develop and validate a general nutrition knowledge questionnaire (GNKQ) for Ugandan adults. The initial draft consisted of 133 items on five constructs associated with nutrition knowledge; expert recommendations (16 items), food groups (70 items), selecting food (10 items), nutrition and disease relationship (23 items), and food fortification in Uganda (14 items). The questionnaire validity was evaluated in three studies. For the content validity (study 1), a panel of five content matter nutrition experts reviewed the GNKQ draft before and after face validity...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230576/validating-fall-prevention-icons-to-support-patient-centered-education
#17
Wai Yin Leung, Jason Adelman, David W Bates, Alexandra Businger, John S Dykes, Awatef Ergai, Ann Hurley, Zachary Katsulis, Sarah Khorasani, Maureen Scanlan, Laura Schenkel, Amisha Rai, Patricia C Dykes
INTRODUCTION: Falls with injury are the most prevalent hospital adverse event. The objective of this project was to refine fall risk and prevention icons for a patient-centric bedside toolkit to promote patient and nurse engagement in accurately assessing fall risks and developing a tailored fall prevention plan. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients and 60 nurses from 2 academic medical centers participated in 4 iterations of testing to refine 6 fall risk and 10 fall prevention icons...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217053/the-bilateral-bispectral-and-the-composite-variability-indexes-during-anesthesia-for-unilateral-surgical-procedure
#18
Pedro Lopes-Pimentel, Maylin Koo, Javier Bocos, Antoni Sabaté
BACKGROUND: The composite variability index (CVI), derived from the bispectral analysis (BIS), has been designed to detect nociception; however, there is no evidence that bilateral BIS and CVI show intrapatient reproducibility or variability. METHODS: We conducted an observational study in patients who underwent for total knee arthroplasty. A BIS Bilateral Sensor was applied and continuously recorded at different points of the anesthesia procedure. Bland-Altman limits of agreement and dispersion for BIS and for CVI were applied...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208897/a-validation-of-an-examination-protocol-for-cerebral-visual-impairment-among-children-in-a-clinical-population-in-india
#19
Swetha Sara Philip, Sherab Tsherlinga, Maya Mary Thomas, Gordon N Dutton, Richard Bowman
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral Visual Impairment (CVI) is a leading cause of vision impairment in developed and developing countries due to and increased survival of preterm and low birth weight infants. There are few data concerning the validity of protocols available to diagnose CVI. AIM: This study aimed to document the face, content and construct validity of an assessment protocol namely, a 15-domain, Structured Clinical Question Inventory (SCQI), which is based on structured history taking and clinical examination, for the diagnosis of CVI in a clinical population of India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197719/regulatory-crosstalk-between-micrornas-and-hormone-signalling-cascades-controls-the-variation-on-seed-dormancy-phenotype-at-arabidopsis-thaliana-seed-set
#20
Yang Liu, Yousry A El-Kassaby
We employed an Illumina sequencing approach to identify candidate microRNA cohorts that may greatly contribute to seed dormancy modulation and to construct a microRNA-gene regulatory network in hormone signalling cascades. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important signalling molecules and regulate many developmental programs of plants. Some miRNAs have been integrated into gene regulatory networks (GRNs) and coordinate developmental plasticity, but few study systematically investigated how phenotypical variations are regulated through differential expression of miRNA tags in GRNs during seed set...
February 14, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
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