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M Salavati, E A A Rameckers, A Waninge, W P Krijnen, B Steenbergen, C P van der Schans
PURPOSE: To investigate whether the adapted version of the Gross Motor Function Measure-88 (GMFM-88) for children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) and Cerebral Visual Impairment (CVI) results in higher scores. This is most likely to be a reflection of their gross motor function, however it may be the result of a better comprehension of the instruction of the adapted version. METHOD: The scores of the original and adapted GMFM-88 were compared in the same group of children (n=21 boys and n=16 girls), mean (SD) age 113 (30) months with CP and CVI, within a time span of two weeks...
October 19, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Wouter C Meijers, A Rogier van der Velde, Anneke C Muller Kobold, Janneke Dijck-Brouwer, Alan H Wu, Allan Jaffe, Rudolf A de Boer
AIMS: Biomarkers can be used for diagnosis, risk stratification, or management of patients with heart failure (HF). Knowledge about the biological variation is needed for proper interpretation of serial measurements. Therefore, we aimed to determine and compare the biological variation of a large panel of biomarkers in healthy subjects and in patients with chronic HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: The biological variability of established biomarkers [NT-proBNP and high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT)], novel biomarkers [galectin-3, suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (ST2), and growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15)], and renal/neurohormonal biomarkers (aldosterone, phosphate, parathyroid hormone, plasma renin concentration, and creatinine) was determined in 28 healthy subjects and 83 HF patients, over a period of 4 months and 6 weeks, respectively...
October 21, 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
Sylvie Chokron, Gordon N Dutton
Cerebral visual impairment (CVI) has become the primary cause of visual impairment and blindness in children in industrialized countries. Its prevalence has increased sharply, due to increased survival rates of children who sustain severe neurological conditions during the perinatal period. Improved diagnosis has probably contributed to this increase. As in adults, the nature and severity of CVI in children relate to the cause, location and extent of damage to the brain. In the present paper, we define CVI and how this impacts on visual function...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Bharat Thyagarajan, Annie Green Howard, Ramon Durazo-Arvizu, John H Eckfeldt, Marc D Gellman, Ryung S Kim, Kiang Liu, Armando J Mendez, Frank J Penedo, Gregory A Talavera, Marston E Youngblood, Lihui Zhao, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez
BACKGROUND: Biomarker variability, which includes within-individual variability (CVI), between-individual variability (CVG) and methodological variability (CVP+A) is an important determinant of our ability to detect biomarker-disease associations. Estimates of CVI and CVG may be population specific and little data exists on biomarker variability in diverse Hispanic populations. Hence, we evaluated all 3 components of biomarker variability in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) using repeat blood collections (n=58) and duplicate blood measurements (n=761-929 depending on the biomarker)...
October 15, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Kotaro Suehiro, Noriyasu Morikage, Osamu Yamashita, Takasuke Harada, Makoto Samura, Yuriko Takeuchi, Takahiro Mizoguchi, Kimikazu Hamano
Purpose: To clarify the risk factors for venous stasis-related skin lesions in the legs in patients without major abnormalities on duplex ultrasonography (DUS). Methods: Fifty patients (nine males and 41 females, age 27-93 years) with symptoms of C4 or greater according to the Clinical, Etiological, Anatomical, Pathological (CEAP) classification, but having no abnormalities on DUS were reviewed for known risk factors for chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) such as older age (>70 years), obesity (body mass index [BMI] >30 kg/m(2)), short walking distance (<200 m/day), reduced ankle range of motion (<20°), and occupation requiring prolonged standing (>8h per day)...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
Youichi Takata, Atsushi Hyono, Hiroyuki Ohshima
In order to elucidate an electroacoustic phenomenon of mixed micelles in an aqueous solution, we measured the colloid vibration current (CVI) in aqueous solutions of binary surfactant mixtures. Based on the thermodynamic treatment of critical micelle concentration (cmc) values determined by conductivity measurements, it was expected that dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB) and dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride (DTAC) molecules would mix ideally in the micelle. However, the micelle composition as evaluated from the CVI measurement, based on the linear dependence of the CVI value on the micelle composition, differed from the aforementioned ideality...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Oleo Science
Madison B Schwartz, Jason A Ferreira, Patrick M Aaronson
BACKGROUND: The utilization of bolus-dose phenylephrine (PHE) has transitioned to the emergency department (ED) for the treatment of acutely hypotensive patients, despite a paucity of literature in this setting. METHODS: This was a single center retrospective chart review of the utilization of bolus-dosed PHE for acute hypotension in the ED at an academic non-forprofit hospital. The primary objective of this study is to report the frequency of patients that were initiated on a continuous vasopressor infusion (CVI) within 30 minutes after the first administration of bolus-dose PHE...
September 22, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Manijeh Nourian, Farahnaz Mohammadi Shahboulaghi, Kian Nourozi Tabrizi, Maryam Rassouli, Akbar Biglarrian
BACKGROUND: Resilience is a quality that affects an individual's ability to cope with tension. The present study was conducted to determine resilience and its contributing factors in high-risk adolescents living in residential care facilities affiliated to Tehran Welfare Organization in order to help develop effective preventive measures for them. METHODS: The present descriptive study was conducted on 223 adolescents living in 15 different governmental residential care centers in 2014...
October 2016: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
Karen Harkness, Harleah G Buck, Heather Arthur, Sandra Carroll, Tammy Cosman, Michael McGillion, Sharon Kaasalainen, Jennifer Kryworuchko, Sheila O'Keefe-McCarthy, Diana Sherifali, Patricia H Strachan
AIM: While caregivers (CGs) make an important contribution to the self-care of heart failure (HF) patients, there are no reliable and valid tools for measuring such contributions. Current interventions that strive to optimize patient outcomes through self-care strategies neglect to account for CG contributions, a potential confounder on outcomes. The aim of the study was to develop an instrument that measures CG contributions to HF patients' self-care. DESIGN: The study design follows an established process for instrument development...
January 2016: Nurs Open
Øyvind Skadberg, Sverre Sandberg, Thomas Røraas, Per Hyltoft Petersen, Hilde Sellevoll, Einar Svarstad, Kristin Sæle, Kristin Moberg Aakre
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular mortality is high in end stage renal disease (ESRD). This study aimed to: (1) calculate within-week within- and between-subject biological variation (CVI and CVG) for hs-cTn in ESRD; (2) determine the magnitude of hs-cTn concentration changes during haemodialysis (HD) treatment; and (3) compare the CVI and CVG to the within and between-subject variation of cTn concentration changes during HD treatments (CVDIFF-I and CVDIFF-G). METHODS: Serum samples were collected from 20 patients before and after 10 consecutive HD treatments...
October 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Fariba Nikan, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Ali Montazeri, Sonia Asadi
BACKGROUND: There are some specific measures for the evaluation of postpartum quality of life, and each have some limitations. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the validity and reliability of the Persian version of a postpartum women's quality of life (PQOL) questionnaire at the eighth week of postpartum. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a methodological research, and subjects were 500 women, ages 18 - 42, eight weeks postpartum, randomly selected from half of the public centers in Tabriz, Iran, who completed questionnaires in a self-administered manner...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Kamran Moradi, Atena Rahmati Najarkolai, Fatemeh Keshmiri
: HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ISSUE Instructions: 1.3 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded after you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Karuna Dahlberg, Maria Jaensson, Mats Eriksson, Ulrica Nilsson
BACKGROUND: The majority of all surgeries are performed on an outpatient basis (day surgery). The Recovery Assessment by Phone Points (RAPP) app is an app for the Swedish Web-version of Quality of Recovery (SwQoR), developed to assess and follow-up on postoperative recovery after day surgery. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are (1) to estimate the extent to which the paper and app versions of the SwQoR provide equivalent values; (2) to contribute evidence as to the feasibility and acceptability of a mobile phone Web-based app for measuring postoperative recovery after day surgery and enabling contact with a nurse; and (3) to contribute evidence as to the content validity of the SwQoR...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Samuel W Onderdonk, Marcel A van den Hout
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: During EMDR trauma therapy, performing EM taxes WM, and simultaneously recalled memories become less vivid. It has been proposed that this WM occupation results from CVI which occurs during EM. This study sought to compare the effects of EM on memory to a task presenting identical visual stimulus to stationary eyes.. METHOD: In Study 1, participants recorded RT while performing two tasks: EM, and a task with visually identical images displayed on screen...
December 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Ulrika Falkenö, Anna Hillström, Claudia von Brömssen, Emma M Strage
The applications of data on biological variation include assessment of the utility of population-based reference intervals, evaluation of the significance of change in serial results, and setting of analytical quality specifications. We investigated the biological variation of 19 biochemistry analytes and total T4, measured in serum from 7 clinically healthy domestic cats sampled once weekly for 5 weeks. Samples were frozen and analyzed in random order in the same analytical run. Results were analyzed for outliers, and the components of variance, subsequently generated by restricted maximum likelihood, were used to determine within-subject and between-subject variation (CVI and CVG, respectively), as well as analytical variation (CVA) for each analyte...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Sonia Khurana, Bhamini Krishna Rao, Leslie Edward S Lewis, Ramesh Bhat, Jayashree Purkayastha, Asha Kamath, Senthil Kumaran Dharmaraj
INTRODUCTION: Facilitation of child development is usually emphasized in the form of early intervention classes and practical demonstrations. However, non-adherence to home program for such interventions has been reported due to various reasons. AIM: To develop and validate an educational leaflet as a supplement guide for caregivers to promote better development of their child during 4-6 months of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An in-depth literature review and focus group discussion with the experts was conducted to formulate the content of leaflet...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Jeroen Dikken, Jita G Hoogerduijn, Cas Kruitwagen, Marieke J Schuurmans
OBJECTIVES: To assess the content validity and psychometric characteristics of the Knowledge about Older Patients Quiz (KOP-Q), which measures nurses' knowledge regarding older hospitalized adults and their certainty regarding this knowledge. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Content validity: general hospitals. Psychometric characteristics: nursing school and general hospitals in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Content validity: 12 nurse specialists in geriatrics...
September 14, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
A V Pokrovskiĭ, I M Ignat'ev, M Iu Volodiukhin, E G Gradusov
The present study was aimed at assessing initial results of hybrid operations in obstructive lesions of the iliac-femoral veins in patients with post-thrombotic disease (PTD). Hybrid operations [open endovenectomy from the common femoral vein (CFV) with creation of an arteriovenous fistula + stenting of iliac veins] were performed carried out in a total of eleven patients with PTD. Of these, there were 7 men and 4 women aged from 34 to 52 years (mean age - 42.8±7 years). All patients had severe-degree chronic venous insufficiency (CVI)...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
Bas J W Dekkers, Simon P Pearce, R P M van Bolderen-Veldkamp, Michael J Holdsworth, Leónie Bentsink
Seed dormancy is a genetically controlled block preventing the germination of imbibed seeds in favorable conditions. It requires a period of dry storage (after-ripening) or certain environmental conditions to be overcome. Dormancy is an important seed trait, which is under selective pressure, to control the seasonal timing of seed germination. Dormant and non-dormant (after-ripened) seeds are characterized by large sets of differentially expressed genes. However, little information is available concerning the temporal and spatial transcriptional changes during early stages of rehydration in dormant and non-dormant seeds...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Elizabeth Molle, Robin Froman
Computerized interdisciplinary plans of care have revitalized nurse-centric care plans into dynamic and meaningful electronic documents. To maximize the benefits of these documents, it is important to understand healthcare professionals' attitudes, specifically their confidence, for making computerized interdisciplinary care plans useful and meaningful documents. The purpose of the study was to test the psychometric properties of the Self-Efficacy for Interdisciplinary Plans of Care instrument intended to measure healthcare professionals' self-efficacy for using such documents...
September 7, 2016: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
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