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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232345/factors-associated-with-lack-of-vision-improvement-in-children-with-cortical-visual-impairment
#1
Swati Handa, Seyed E Saffari, Mark Borchert
BACKGROUND: Improvement in vision has been noted in children with cortical visual impairment (CVI), resulting from disparate types of brain injury. The purpose of our study was to determine the risk factors associated with poor recovery of vision in this group of patients. METHODS: Case records of children who were born before 2010 with at least 4 follow-up visits for CVI were reviewed for underlying etiologies of CVI, visual acuity (VA), and associated neurological and ophthalmological disorders...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227177/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-inactivated-chromatographically-purified-vero-cell-derived-japanese-encephalitis-vaccine-in-thai-children
#2
Pornthep Chanthavanich, Kriengsak Limkittikul, Chukiat Sirivichayakul, Watcharee Chokejindachai, Weerawan Hattasingh, Krisana Pengsaa, Surachai Surangsrirat, Termsang Srisuwannaporn, Benjawan Kaewma, Sutee Yoksan, Gao Jun, Bai Zhumu
Inactivated mouse-brain-derived Japanese encephalitis vaccine has a worrisome safety profile and the live attenuated vaccine is unsuitable in immunodeficiency. This study aimed to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of an inactivated chromatographically purified Vero-cell-derived JE vaccine (CVI-JE, Beijing P-3 strain) in children. 152 healthy Thai children, with an average (SD) age of 14.4 (3.8) months, received 3 doses of CVI-JE on days 0, 7-28, and one year. Homologous JE neutralizing antibody titers (NT) were measured...
December 11, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222339/the-biological-variation-data-critical-appraisal-checklist-a-standard-for-evaluating-studies-on-biological-variation
#3
Aasne K Aarsand, Thomas R Raas, Pilar Fernandez-Calle, Carmen Ricos, Jorge Díaz-Garzón, Niels Jonker, Carmen Perich, Elisabet González-Lao, Anna Carobene, Joana Minchinela, Abdurrahman Coŝkun, Margarita Simón, Virtudes Álvarez, William A Bartlett, Pilar Fernández-Fernández, Beatriz Boned, Federica Braga, Zoraida Corte, Berna Aslan, Sverre Sandberg
BACKGROUND: Concern has been raised about the quality of available biological variation (BV) estimates and the effect of their application in clinical practice. A European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine Task and Finish Group has addressed this issue. The aim of this report is to (a) describe the Biological Variation Data Critical Appraisal Checklist (BIVAC), which verifies whether publications have included all essential elements that may impact the veracity of associated BV estimates, (b) use the BIVAC to critically appraise existing BV publications on enzymes, lipids, kidney, and diabetes-related measurands, and (c) apply metaanalysis to deliver a global within-subject BV (CVI) estimate for alanine aminotransferase (ALT)...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213498/program-of-neuropsychological-stimulation-of-cognition-in-students-emphasis-on-executive-functions-development-and-evidence-of-content-validity
#4
Caroline de Oliveira Cardoso, Natália Martins Dias, Alessandra Gotuzo Seabra, Rochele Paz Fonseca
Objective: The goal of this study was to describe the construction process and content validity evidence of an early and preventive intervention program for stimulating executive functions (EF) in Elementary School children within the school environment. Methods: The process has followed the recommended steps for creating neuropsychological instruments: internal phase of program organization, with literature search and analyses of available materials in the classroom; program construction; analysis by expert judges; data integration and program finalization...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193556/the-role-of-copper-speciation-in-the-low-temperature-oxidative-upgrading-of-short-chain-alkanes-over-cu-zsm-5-catalysts
#5
Robert Armstrong, Virginie Peneau, Nadine Ritterskamp, Christopher Kiely, Stuart Taylor, Graham John Hutchings
Partial oxidative upgrading of C1 - C3 alkanes over Cu/ZSM-5 catalysts prepared by chemical vapour impregnation (CVI) has been studied. The undoped ZSM-5 support is itself able to catalyse selective oxidations, for example, methane to methanol, using mild reaction conditions and the green oxidant H2O2. Addition of Cu suppresses secondary oxidation reactions, affording methanol selectivities of up to 97 %. Characterisation studies attribute this ability to population of specific Cu sites below the level of total exchange (Cu/Al < 0...
November 28, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186634/a-model-to-integrate-health-promotion-and-wellness-in-physical-therapist-practice-development-and-validation
#6
Donald H Lein, Diane Clark, Cecilia Graham, Patricia Perez, David Morris
Background: Globally, physical therapy professional organizations have called for physical therapists to perform lifestyle behavior management during customary care, or health-focused care, due to increasing morbidity and mortality related to noncommunicable diseases. Given the potential for health-focused care to improve health outcomes, physical therapists should integrate health promotion into their daily clinical practice. A clinical model that illustrates necessary steps to deliver health-focused care would be helpful to educate present and future physical therapists...
December 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184643/development-of-caries-risk-assessment-tool-for-iranian-preschoolers-a-primary-validation-study
#7
Shiva Mortazavi, Zahra Enshaei, Ziba Farajzadegan
Background: The aim of the present study was to develop a dental caries risk assessment tool for Iranian preschoolers. Methods: In a validation and cross-sectional study, a random sample of 150 preschool children was involved. This study was conducted in three phases: questionnaire design (expert panel and peer evaluation), questionnaire testing (pilot evaluation and field testing), and validation study. The initial assessments include interview, dental examination, and laboratory investigations...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172721/anogenital-distance-and-variability-in-semen-parameters
#8
José J López-Espín, Consuelo Pérez-Palazón, Ana B Maldonado-Cárceles, José D Román-Arias, Jaime Mendiola, Alberto M Torres-Cantero
The purpose of this study was to analyze whether the anogenital distance (AGD) was associated with variability in semen parameters. Semen parameters analyzed following the WHO guidelines and sperm DNA fragmentation were evaluated in 160 semen samples obtained over a period of a year from 16 healthy male volunteers. Two types of AGD measurements from the anus to the rear base of the scrotum (AGDAS) and to the cephalic insertion of the penis (AGDAP) were taken in each individual. The association between AGDs and semen parameters were studied using three statistical tools: a) general coefficient of variation (CV) and intra-individual coefficient of variation (CVi), b) general linear models for repeated measures, and c) mixed model fixed effects panel data...
November 27, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164548/-the-establishment-and-examination-of-the-reliability-validity-discrimination-and-difficulty-of-nursing-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce
#9
Hsiang-Ping Huang, Li-Fen Chao, Yu-Hsin Wang, Ying-Mei Liu, Lee-Fen Ni, Sui-Whi Jane
BACKGROUND: The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) is one of the evaluation strategies used to examine the clinical competence of nursing students. More attention needs to be paid to establishing an examination that is based on the standardized protocol and on reliability and validity. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to develop an OSCE that is based on a standardized protocol and to analyze the content validity and predictive validity, inter-rater consistency, internal consistency, item-to-total correlation, and the degree of discrimination and difficulty of this OSCE...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146757/is-there-consensus-in-defining-childhood-cerebral-visual-impairment-a-systematic-review-of-terminology-and-definitions
#10
REVIEW
Hanna E A Sakki, Naomi J Dale, Jenefer Sargent, Teresa Perez-Roche, Richard Bowman
The childhood condition of visual difficulties caused by brain damage, commonly termed cortical or cerebral visual impairment (CVI), is well established but has no internationally accepted definition. Clarification of its core features is required to advance research and clinical practice. This systematic review aimed to identify the definitions of childhood CVI in the original scientific literature to describe and critically appraise a consensual definition of the condition. MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychINFO, CINAHL and AMED databases were searched in January 2017...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146105/content-validation-of-behaviours-and-autonomic-responses-for-the-assessment-of-pain-in-critically-ill-adults-with-a-brain-injury
#11
Céline Gélinas, Kathleen A Puntillo, Madalina Boitor, Mélanie Bérubé, Jane Topolovec-Vranic, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet, Aaron M Joffe, Melissa Richard-Lalonde, Francis Bernard, David L Streiner
BACKGROUND: The evidence shows that brain-injured patients express behaviours that are related to their level of consciousness (LOC), and different from other patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Therefore, existing behavioural scales should be revised to enhance their content and validity for use in these patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the content relevance of behaviours and autonomic responses for pain assessment of brain-injured ICU patients from the perspective of critical care clinicians...
November 13, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145863/assessing-quality-of-maternity-care-in-hungary-expert-validation-and-testing-of-the-mother-centered-prenatal-care-mcpc-survey-instrument
#12
Nicholas Rubashkin, Imre Szebik, Petra Baji, Zsuzsa Szántó, Éva Susánszky, Saraswathi Vedam
BACKGROUND: Instruments to assess quality of maternity care in Central and Eastern European (CEE) region are scarce, despite reports of poor doctor-patient communication, non-evidence-based care, and informal cash payments. We validated and tested an online questionnaire to study maternity care experiences among Hungarian women. METHODS: Following literature review, we collated validated items and scales from two previous English-language surveys and adapted them to the Hungarian context...
November 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145513/determinants-for-cardiovascular-disease-health-check-questionnaire-a-validation-study
#13
Ai Theng Cheong, Karuthan Chinna, Ee Ming Khoo, Su May Liew
BACKGROUND: To improve individuals' participation in cardiovascular disease (CVD) screening, it is necessary to understand factors that influence their intention to undergo health checks. This study aimed to develop and validate an instrument that assess determinants that influence individuals' intention to undergo CVD health checks. METHODS: The concepts and items were developed based on findings from our prior exploratory qualitative study on factors influencing individuals' intention to undergo CVD health checks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128202/multi-hazard-risk-assessment-of-coastal-vulnerability-from-tropical-cyclones-a-gis-based-approach-for-the-odisha-coast
#14
Bishnupriya Sahoo, Prasad K Bhaskaran
The coastal region bordering the East coast of India is a thickly populated belt exposed to high risk and vulnerability from natural hazards such as tropical cyclones. Tropical cyclone frequencies that develop over the Bay of Bengal (average of 5-6 per year) region are much higher as compared to the Arabian Sea thereby posing a high risk factor associated with storm surge, inland inundation, wind gust, intense rainfall, etc. The Odisha State in the East coast of India experiences the highest number of cyclone strikes as compared to West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118072/child-care-providers-knowledge-about-dental-injury-first-aid-in-preschool-age-children
#15
Kristine L Sienkiewicz, Lori Rainchuso, Linda D Boyd, Lori Giblin
Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess child care providers' level of knowledge of first aid management and attitudes towards dental injuries among preschool-age children within Fairfield County, Connecticut and Boston, Massachusetts.Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study used a web-based, validated questionnaire adapted from several studies with permission from authors. A panel of 5 dental experts determined the relevance of the questions and overall content (I-CVI range 0.8-1; S-CVI = 0.95)...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098087/exergame-grading-scheme-concept-development-and-preliminary-psychometric-evaluations-in-cancer-survivors
#16
Hsiao-Lan Wang, Chiung-Ju Liu, Marcus Kilpatrick, Heather Jim, Susan McMillan, Nisha Vijayakumar, Sally McDonald, Tapan Padhya, Jeffery Russell, Karen Vondruska, Constance Visovsky
The challenge of using exergames to promote physical activity among cancer survivors lies in the selection of the exergames that match their fitness level. There is a need for a standardized grading scheme by which to judge an exergame's capacity to address specific physical fitness attributes with different levels of physical engagement. The study aimed to develop an Exergame Grading Scheme and preliminarily evaluate its psychometric properties. Fourteen (14) items were created from the human movement and exergame literature...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096125/biaxial-mechanical-behavior-of-bovine-saphenous-venous-valve-leaflets
#17
Jiaqi Lu, Hsiao-Ying Shadow Huang
Chronic venous disease is caused by chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), which results in significant symptoms such as venous ulcers, ankle eczema, leg swelling, etc. Venous valve incompetence is a major cause of CVI. When the valves of veins in the leg become incompetent (i.e., do not close properly), blood is able to flow backwards (i.e., reflux), which results in blood pooling in the lower extremities, distal venous hypertension, and CVI. Current clinical therapies, such as surgical venous valve reconstruction and bioprosthetic venous valve replacement, are highly invasive and only moderately successful...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094193/visualization-of-the-cavum-septi-pellucidi-cavum-vergae-and-cavum-veli-interpositi-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#18
Satoshi Tsutsumi, Hisato Ishii, Hideo Ono, Yukimasa Yasumoto
PURPOSE: The morphology of the cavum septi pellucidi (CSP), cavum Vergae (CV), and cavum veli interpositi (CVI) has been infrequently explored with neuroimaging. The aim of the present study was to delineate these cavities using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. METHODS: A total of 71 patients were enrolled in the present study. Following initial examinations with conventional MR sequences, constructive interference in steady-state (CISS) sequence was performed in the coronal and sagittal sections for 60 and 11 patients, respectively...
November 1, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081548/a-two-dimensional-analytical-model-of-vapor-intrusion-involving-vertical-heterogeneity
#19
Yijun Yao, Iason Verginelli, Eric M Suuberg
In this work, we present an analytical chlorinated vapor intrusion (CVI) model that can estimate source-to-indoor air concentration attenuation by simulating two-dimensional (2-D) vapor concentration profile in vertically heterogeneous soils overlying a homogenous vapor source. The analytical solution describing the 2-D soil gas transport was obtained by applying a modified Schwarz-Christoffel mapping method. A partial field validation showed that the developed model provides results (especially in terms of indoor emission rates) in line with the measured data from a case involving a building overlying a layered soil...
May 2017: Water Resources Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079358/monoclonal-protein-reference-change-value-as-determined-by-gel-based-serum-protein-electrophoresis
#20
Mina Salamatmanesh, Christopher R McCudden, Arleigh McCurdy, Ronald A Booth
INTRODUCTION: The International Myeloma Working Group recommendations for monitoring disease progression or response include quantitation of the involved monoclonal immunoglobulin. They have defined the minimum change criteria of ≧25% with an absolute change of no <5g/L for either minimal response or progression. Limited evidence is available to accurately determine the magnitude of change in a monoclonal protein to reflect a true change in clinical status. Here we determined the analytical and biological variability of monoclonal proteins in stable monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) patients...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
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