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Terence P Woodsome, Atsuko Polzin, Kazuyo Kitazawa, Masumi Eto, Toshio Kitazawa
Phosphorylation of myosin light chain (MLC) and contraction of differentiated smooth muscle cells in vascular walls are regulated by Ca2+ -dependent activation of MLC kinase, and by Rho-kinase- or protein-kinases-C-dependent inhibition of MLC phosphatase (MLCP). We examined regulatory pathways for MLC kinase and MLCP in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and for isometric force generation of VSMCs reconstituted in collagen fibers. Protein levels of RhoA, Rho-kinase and MYPT1 (a regulatory subunit of MLCP) were upregulated in cultured VSMCs, whereas a MLCP inhibitor protein, CPI-17, was downregulated...
May 1, 2006: Journal of Cell Science
Toshio Kitazawa, Masumi Eto, Terence P Woodsome, Md Khalequzzaman
Myosin phosphatase (MLCP) plays a critical regulatory role in the Ca(2+) sensitivity of myosin phosphorylation and smooth muscle contraction. It has been suggested that phosphorylation at Thr(695) of the MLCP regulatory subunit (MYPT1) and at Thr(38) of the MLCP inhibitor protein CPI-17 results in inhibition of MLCP activity. We have previously demonstrated that CPI-17 Thr(38) phosphorylation plays an important role in G-protein-mediated inhibition of MLCP in tonic arterial smooth muscle. Here, we attempted to evaluate the function of MYPT1 in phasic rabbit portal vein (PV) and vas deferens (VD) smooth muscles...
February 1, 2003: Journal of Physiology
T P Woodsome, M Eto, A Everett, D L Brautigan, T Kitazawa
1. Various smooth muscles have unique contractile characteristics, such as the degree of Ca(2+) sensitivity induced by physiological and pharmacological agents. Here we evaluated six different rabbit smooth muscle tissues for protein kinase C (PKC)-induced Ca(2+) sensitization. We also examined the expression levels of myosin light chain phosphatase (MLCP), the MLCP inhibitor phosphoprotein CPI-17, and the thin filament regulator h-calponin. 2. Immunohistochemical and Western blot analyses indicated that CPI-17 was found primarily in smooth muscle, although expression varied among different tissues...
September 1, 2001: Journal of Physiology
M Eto, T Kitazawa, M Yazawa, H Mukai, Y Ono, D L Brautigan
Histamine stimulus triggers inhibition of myosin phosphatase-enhanced phosphorylation of myosin and contraction of vascular smooth muscle. In response to histamine stimulation of intact femoral artery, a smooth muscle-specific protein called CPI-17 (for protein kinase C-potentiated inhibitory protein for heterotrimeric myosin light chain phosphatase of 17 kDa) is phosphorylated and converted to a potent inhibitor for myosin phosphatase. Phosphorylation of CPI-17 is diminished by pretreatment with either or GF109203x, suggesting involvement of multiple kinases (Kitazawa, T...
August 3, 2001: Journal of Biological Chemistry
T Kitazawa, M Eto, T P Woodsome, D L Brautigan
Myosin light chain phosphatase (MLCP) plays a pivotal role in smooth muscle contraction by regulating Ca(2+) sensitivity of myosin light chain phosphorylation. A smooth muscle phosphoprotein called CPI-17 specifically and potently inhibits MLCP in vitro and in situ and is activated when phosphorylated at Thr-38, which increases its inhibitory potency 1000-fold. We produced a phosphospecific antibody for this site in CPI-17 and used it to study in situ phosphorylation of endogenous CPI-17 in arterial smooth muscle in response to agonist stimulation...
April 7, 2000: Journal of Biological Chemistry
E J McPherson, W Tontz, M Patzakis, C Woodsome, P Holtom, L Norris, C Shufelt
This study reviews, over a 5-year period, the records of 70 consecutive patients with prosthetic knee infection and evaluates outcomes as a function of a staging system for prosthetic joint infection. The staging system for prosthetic joint infection was divided into three main categories that include infection type, systemic host grade, and local extremity grade. Outcome indices analyzed included Knee Society Score (KSS), complication rate, amputation rate, and rate of permanent resection. We show that categorizing and stratifying data for patients with infected total knee arthroplasty are useful...
March 1999: American Journal of Orthopedics
Z Wan, L D Dorr, T Woodsome, A Ranawat, M Song
The hypothesis in this study is that the stem stiffness-to-bone stiffness ratio influences the incidence and type of bone remodeling and fixation with cemented total hip arthroplasty. Ninety-one patients with 99 hips had cemented stems using 3 different anatomic porous replacement designs. The APR I and APR II titanium stems with proximal porous coating on the proximal one fourth of the stem were cemented into 49 and 35 patients. The APR II-C stem, which is a cobalt-chrome stem only for cemented fixation, was cemented into 15 patients...
February 1999: Journal of Arthroplasty
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