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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677663/haptic-based-perception-empathy-biofeedback-system-for-balance-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-concepts-and-initial-feasibility-study
#1
Kazuhiro Yasuda, Kenta Saichi, Naomi Kaibuki, Hiroaki Harashima, Hiroyasu Iwata
BACKGROUND: Most individuals have sensory disturbances post stroke, and these deficits contribute to post-stroke balance impairment. The haptic-based biofeedback (BF) system appears to be one of the promising tools for balance rehabilitation in patients with stroke, and the BF system can increase the objectivity of feedback and encouragement than that provided by a therapist. RESEARCH QUESTION: Studies in skill science indicated that feedback or encouragement from a coach or trainer enhances motor learning effect...
April 14, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677464/improving-the-quality-of-preclinical-research-echocardiography-observations-training-and-guidelines-for-measurement
#2
Daniel G Donner, Helen Kiriazis, Xiao-Jun Du, Thomas H Marwick, Julie R McMullen
Informal training in preclinical research may be a contributor to the poor reproducibility of preclinical cardiology research and low rates of translation into clinical research and practice. Mouse echocardiography is a widely used technique to assess cardiac structure and function in drug intervention studies using disease models. The inter-observer variability (IOV) of clinical echocardiographic measurements has been shown to improve with formalized training, but preclinical echocardiography lacks similarly critical standardization of training...
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677057/newborn-resuscitation-skills-in-health-care-providers-at-a-zambian-tertiary-center-and-comparison-to-world-health-organization-standards
#3
Sara C Mistry, Richard Lin, Hazel Mumphansha, Laura C Kettley, Janaki A Pearson, Sonia Akrimi, David J Mayne, Wonder Hangoma, M Dylan Bould
BACKGROUND: Birth asphyxia is a leading cause of early neonatal death. In 2013, 32% of neonatal deaths in Zambia were attributable to birth asphyxia and trauma. Basic, timely interventions are key to improving outcomes. However, data from the World Health Organization suggest that resuscitation is often not initiated, or is conducted suboptimally. Currently, there are little data on the quality of newborn resuscitation in the context of a tertiary center in a lower-middle income country...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676529/implicit-learning-seems-to-come-naturally-for-children-with-autism-but-not-for-children-with-specific-language-impairment-evidence-from-behavioral-and-erp-data
#4
Fenny S Zwart, Constance Th W M Vissers, Roy P C Kessels, Joseph H R Maes
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and specific language impairment (SLI) are two neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by deficits in verbal and nonverbal communication skills. These skills are thought to develop largely through implicit-or automatic-learning mechanisms. The aim of the current paper was to investigate the role of implicit learning abilities in the atypical development of communication skills in ASD and SLI. In the current study, we investigated Response Times (RTs) and Event Related Potentials (ERPs) during implicit learning on a Serial Reaction Time (SRT) task in a group of typically developing (TD) children (n = 17), a group of autistic children (n = 16), and a group of children with SLI (n = 13)...
April 20, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676527/undergraduate-nursing-assistant-employment-in-aged-care-has-benefits-for-new-graduates
#5
Maricris Algoso, Lucie Ramjan, Leah East, Kath Peters
AIMS: To determine how undergraduate assistant in nursing employment in aged care helps to prepare new graduates for clinical work as a registered nurse. BACKGROUND: The amount and quality of clinical experience afforded by university programs has been the subject of constant debate in the nursing profession. New graduate nurses are often deemed inadequately prepared for clinical practice and so many nursing students seek employment as assistants in nursing whilst studying to increase their clinical experience...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676216/developing-a-compassionate-culture-within-pediatric-rehabilitation-does-the-schwartz-rounds%C3%A2-support-both-clinical-and-nonclinical-hospital-workers-in-managing-their-work-experiences
#6
Keith Adamson, Sonia Sengsavang, Sakeena Myers-Halbig, Nancy Searl
Schwartz Rounds™ offers an interprofessional forum for staff to openly engage in discussions about social-emotional aspects of care. We aimed to assess the perceived impact of Rounds in the health care context of pediatric rehabilitation, as well as a comparative analysis of how Rounds affected clinical versus nonclinical staff. Does effect on perceived outcomes was also investigated. Data were collected from 29 hospital staff (15 clinicians, 14 nonclinicians) who attended one, two, or three+ Rounds via semistructured interviews...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674250/aspects-of-alcohol-use-disorder-affecting-social-cognition-as-assessed-using-the-mini-social-and-emotional-assessment-mini-sea
#7
Sharon Cox, Maxime Bertoux, John J D Turner, Antony Moss, Kirsty Locker, Kevin Riggs
BACKGROUND: Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) is associated with problems with processing complex social scenarios. Little is known about the relationship between distinct AUD-related factors (e.g., years of problematic drinking), aspects of cognitive function and dysfunction in individuals diagnosed with AUD, and the relative impact these may have on social cognition. AIMS: To explore differences in social cognition between a group of participants diagnosed with AUD and controls, using a clinical measure, the Mini Social and Emotional Assessment (mini-SEA)...
April 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674109/mixed-method-evaluation-of-a-cadaver-dissection-course-for-general-surgery-interns-an-innovative-approach-for-filling-the-gap-between-gross-anatomy-and-the-operating-room
#8
Yen-Yi Juo, Christina Hanna, Quach Chi, Grace Chang, Warwick J Peacock, Areti Tillou, Catherine E Lewis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an innovative whole cadaver dissection curriculum designed to focus on teaching procedure-relevant anatomy and surgical skills to surgery interns. DESIGN: A mixed methods explanatory sequential design incorporating both quantitative and qualitative evaluations was used to evaluate the cadaver dissection course. Quantitative data were prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed in order to compare anatomy knowledge and operative skills before and after the course...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673467/transition-intervention-for-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease
#9
Andrew S Mackie, Gwen R Rempel, Adrienne H Kovacs, Miriam Kaufman, Kathryn N Rankin, Ahlexxi Jelen, Maryna Yaskina, Renee Sananes, Erwin Oechslin, Dimi Dragieva, Sonila Mustafa, Elina Williams, Michelle Schuh, Cedric Manlhiot, Samantha J Anthony, Joyce Magill-Evans, David Nicholas, Brian W McCrindle
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence regarding the efficacy of interventions to prepare adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD) to enter adult care. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of a nurse-led transition intervention on lapses between pediatric and adult care. METHODS: A cluster randomized clinical trial was conducted of a nurse-led transition intervention for 16- to 17-year-olds with moderate or complex CHD versus usual care...
April 24, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672757/time-for-a-quick-word-the-striking-benefits-of-training-speed-and-accuracy-of-word-retrieval-in-post-stroke-aphasia
#10
Paul Conroy, Christina Sotiropoulou Drosopoulou, Gina F Humphreys, Ajay D Halai, Matthew A Lambon Ralph
One-third of stroke survivors experience deficits in word retrieval as a core characteristic of their aphasia, which is frustrating, socially limiting and disabling for their professional and everyday lives. The, as yet, undiscovered 'holy grail' of clinical practice is to establish a treatment that not only improves item naming, but also generalizes to patients' connected speech. Speech production in healthy participants is a remarkable feat of cognitive processing being both rapid (at least 120 words per minute) and accurate (∼one error per 1000 words)...
April 17, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671253/novel-methods-for-screening-contributions-from-attachment-and-biobehavioral-catch-up
#11
E B Caron, Caroline K P Roben, Heather A Yarger, Mary Dozier
Preventative interventions are needed across the lifespan, including for children who have experienced maltreatment. However, interventions' effect sizes are typically smaller in real-world settings than in clinical trials. Identifying providers who are likely to implement interventions with fidelity could promote implementation outcomes through targeted allocation of training resources. This study tested two pre-training screening measures as predictors of provider fidelity to Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC), a preventative intervention for maltreated infants...
April 18, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671134/communication-skills-training-and-the-conceptual-structure-of-empathy-among-medical-students
#12
Daisuke Son, Ikuo Shimizu, Hirono Ishikawa, Muneyoshi Aomatsu, Jimmie Leppink
INTRODUCTION: Medical and healthcare professionals' empathy for patients is crucially important for patient care. Some studies have suggested that a significant decline in empathy occurs during clinical training years in medical school as documented by self-assessed empathy scales. Moreover, a recent study provided qualitative evidence that communication skills training in an examination context, such as in an objective structured clinical examination, might stimulate perspective taking but inhibit the development of compassionate care...
April 18, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670989/evaluation-of-the-perception-of-clinical-competencies-by-nursing-students-in-the-different-clinical-settings-an-observational-study
#13
I Notarnicola, A Stievano, A Pulimeno, L Iacorossi, A Petrizzo, F Gambalunga, G Rocco, C Petrucci, L Lancia
INTRODUCTION: The university educational sphere has many dilemmas. The question of sufficient knowledge and skills for students to acquire abilities to provide care in different clinical setting is one important dilemma. AIM: To measure the level of competencies by nursing students and its application in different clinical environments. METHODS: Nursing students of two Italian universities participated in the research. Data collection took place April to July 2015 using the Nurse Competence Scale...
May 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669705/diabetes-related-behavior-change-knowledge-transfer-to-primary-care-practitioners-and-patients-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-digital-health-platform
#14
Samina Abidi, Michael Vallis, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Syed Ali Imran, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi
BACKGROUND: Behavioral science is now being integrated into diabetes self-management interventions. However, the challenge that presents itself is how to translate these knowledge resources during care so that primary care practitioners can use them to offer evidence-informed behavior change support and diabetes management recommendations to patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a computerized decision support platform called "Diabetes Web-Centric Information and Support Environment" (DWISE) that assists primary care practitioners in applying standardized behavior change strategies and clinical practice guidelines-based recommendations to an individual patient and empower the patient with the skills and knowledge required to self-manage their diabetes through planned, personalized, and pervasive behavior change strategies...
April 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669311/a-new-clinical-model-for-facilitating-the-development-of-pattern-recognition-skills-in-clinical-pain-assessment
#15
David M Walton, James M Elliott
Common, enigmatic musculoskeletal conditions such as whiplash-associated disorder, myofascial pain syndrome, low back pain, headache, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, and rotator cuff pathology, account for significant social, economic, and personal burdens on a global scale. Despite their primacy (and shared sequelae) there remains a paucity of available and effective management options for patients with both acute and chronic conditions. Establishing an accurate prognostic or diagnostic profile on a patient-by-patient basis can challenge the insight of both novice and expert clinicians...
April 9, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669147/impact-and-reception-of-a-required-4-week-palliative-medicine-rotation
#16
B Brent Simmons, Alison Petrie, Edward Gracely
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hospice and palliative medicine (HPM) is one of three Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education accredited clinical subspecialties available to family medicine graduates for fellowship training. Despite this, training is not currently a curriculum requirement. We have pioneered a required 4-week palliative medicine rotation into the curriculum. METHODS: Twenty-eight residents who completed the palliative medicine rotation across four classes were surveyed to assess how the rotation improved their level of comfort with providing end-of-life (EOL) care and to demonstrate the need of formal palliative medicine training...
April 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668479/mobile-application-neurogame-for-assessment-the-attention-focus-and-concentration
#17
Mario Loleski, Sofija Loleska, Nada Pop-Jordanova
Smartphones are ubiquitous, but it is still unknown what physiological functions can be monitored at clinical quality. In medicine their use is cited in many fields (cardiology, pulmology, endocrinology, rheumatology, pediatrics as well as in the field of mental health). The aim of this paper is to explain how the use of mobile application can help clients to improve the index of their focus, concentration and motor skills. Our original developed application on Android operating system, named "neurogame" is based on an open source platform to enable assessment and therapeutic stimulation, focus and concentration with the ability to monitor the progress of the results obtained in a larger number of participants (normal subjects as well as patients with different disorders) over a period of time...
December 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668075/a-comparison-of-debate-and-role-play-in-enhancing-critical-thinking-and-communication-skills-of-medical-students-during-problem-based-learning
#18
Rabia Latif, Sadaf Mumtaz, Rafia Mumtaz, Aamir Hussain
Debate and role play for learning critical thinking and communication skills are being increasingly used in various undergraduate medical schools worldwide. We aim to compare students' views about effectiveness of two teaching strategies; debate and role play to exercise critical thinking and communication skills during problem-based learning (PBL). This is a comparative, cross-sectional, and questionnaire-based study. Our subjects were second year undergraduate female medical students enrolled in Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU), College of Medicine from September 2014-2016, divided into 10 small PBL groups (10-13 students/group/year)...
April 18, 2018: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667739/maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-and-after-pregnancy-and-child-developmental-milestones
#19
Soile Tuovinen, Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Polina Girchenko, Jari Lipsanen, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Rebecca M Reynolds, Esa Hämäläinen, Eero Kajantie, Hannele Laivuori, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Pia M Villa, Katri Räikkönen
BACKGROUND: Maternal depressive symptoms during and after pregnancy predict poorer child neurodevelopment. The effects of timing, symptom severity, and additive influences remain unclear. METHODS: A total of 2,231 mothers of the Prediction and Prevention of Pre-eclampsia and Intrauterine Growth Restriction (PREDO) study completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale biweekly up to 14 times during pregnancy and twice up to 12 months after pregnancy...
April 18, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666134/adoption-of-a-novel-surgical-innovation-into-clinical-practice-protocol-for-a-qualitative-systematic-review-examining-surgeon-views
#20
Thomas L Lewis, Hugh N Furness, George W Miller, Nicholas Parsons, Kate Seers, Martin Underwood, Andrew J Metcalfe
INTRODUCTION: Efficient adoption of clinically effective novel surgical innovations has great potential benefits for patients. Factors affecting the adoption of surgical innovation are not well understood and proposed models of adoption do not accurately correlate with historical evidence. This protocol is for a systematic review that aims to identify the qualitative evidence relating to surgeon views regarding the adoption of novel surgical innovation into clinical practice. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidance will be performed...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
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