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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223660/developing-nursing-and-midwifery-students-capacity-for-coping-with-bullying-and-aggression-in-clinical-settings-students-evaluation-of-a-learning-resource
#1
Rosemarie Hogan, Fiona Orr, Deborah Fox, Allison Cummins, Maralyn Foureur
An innovative blended learning resource for undergraduate nursing and midwifery students was developed in a large urban Australian university, following a number of concerning reports by students on their experiences of bullying and aggression in clinical settings. The blended learning resource included interactive online learning modules, comprising film clips of realistic clinical scenarios, related readings, and reflective questions, followed by in-class role-play practice of effective responses to bullying and aggression...
December 6, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223612/predictive-value-of-focused-assessment-with-sonography-for-trauma-fast-for-laparotomy-in-unstable-polytrauma-egyptians-patients
#2
Adel Hamed Elbaih, Sameh T Abu-Elela
PURPOSE: The emergency physicians face significant clinical uncertainty when multiple trauma patients arrive in the emergency department (ED). The priorities for assessment and treatment of polytrauma patients are established in the primary survey. Focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) is very essential clinical skill during trauma resuscitation. Use of point of care ultrasound among the trauma team working in the primary survey in emergency care settings is lacking in Suez Canal University Hospitals even ultrasound machine not available in ED...
November 23, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223321/is-there-value-in-retrospective-90-day-bundle-payment-models-for-shoulder-arthroplasty-procedures
#3
Susan M Odum, Nady Hamid, Bryce A Van Doren, Leo R Spector
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) initiative was implemented as part of the Affordable Care Act. We implemented a retrospective payment model 2 for a 90-day total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) episode to assess the value of TSA BPCI at our private practice. METHODS: Expenditures and postacute event rates of 132 fee-for-service (FFS) patients who underwent a TSA operation between 2009 and 2012 were compared with 333 BPCI patients who had a TSA operation in 2015...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223192/training-needs-for-dementia-care-in-china-from-the-perspectives-of-mental-health-providers-who-what-and-how
#4
Ling Xu, Hsin-Yi Hsiao, Wenchen Denq, Iris Chi
BACKGROUND: Acknowledging increasing demand of dementia care for patients in China, this paper aims to understand the training needs of dementia care from the perspectives of mental health providers by examining who should be the trainees, what should be the contents of training, and how to deliver the training in China. METHODS: Using purposive sampling, data were gathered via four focus group discussions with 40 mental health providers in Beijing, China, in 2011...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222973/utilisation-of-academic-nursing-competence-in-europe-a-survey-among-members-of-the-european-academy-of-nursing-science
#5
Tove Aminda Hanssen, Pia Riis Olsen
BACKGROUND: In line with national and international strategies in Europe, the number of nurses with a doctoral degree has increased. The European Academy of Nursing Science (EANS) has for 18years delivered a three-year doctoral summer school for nurses. Questions have been raised in terms of how academic nurses' competencies are used and in what positions. AIM: To understand the progression of nurses' academic careers following completion of the EANS Summer School and to picture how research and academic skills of the nurses are being used for research and/or other fields in nursing...
November 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221857/review-of-simulation-training-in-interventional-radiology
#6
REVIEW
Souzan Mirza, Sriharsha Athreya
Simulation training has evolved and is now able to offer numerous training opportunities to supplement the practice of and overcome some of the shortcomings of the traditional Master-Apprentice model currently used in medical training. Simulation training provides new opportunities to practice skills used in clinical procedures, crisis management scenarios, and everyday clinical practice in a risk-free environment. Procedural and nonprocedural skills used in interventional radiology can be taught with the use of simulation devices and technologies...
December 5, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221534/on-becoming-a-global-citizen-transformative-learning-through-global-health-experiences
#7
Debra K Litzelman, Adrian Gardner, Robert M Einterz, Philip Owiti, Charity Wambui, Jordan C Huskins, Kathleen M Schmitt-Wendholt, Geren S Stone, Paul O Ayuo, Thomas S Inui, Rachel A Umoren
BACKGROUND: Globalization has increased the demand for international experiences in medical education. International experiences improve medical knowledge, clinical skills, and self-development; influence career objectives; and provide insights on ethical and societal issues. However, global health rotations can end up being no more than tourism if not structured to foster personal transformation and global citizenship. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a qualitative assessment of trainee-reported critical incidents to more deeply understand the impact of our global health experience on trainees...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221450/peer-feedback-for-examiner-quality-assurance-on-mrcgp-international-south-asia-a-mixed-methods-study
#8
D P Perera, Marie Andrades, Val Wass
BACKGROUND: The International Membership Examination (MRCGP[INT]) of the Royal College of General Practitioners UK is a unique collaboration between four South Asian countries with diverse cultures, epidemiology, clinical facilities and resources. In this setting good quality assurance is imperative to achieve acceptable standards of inter rater reliability. This study aims to explore the process of peer feedback for examiner quality assurance with regard to factors affecting the implementation and acceptance of the method...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220645/the-value-of-a-learning-needs-analysis-to-establish-educational-priorities-in-a-new-clinical-workforce
#9
Adrienne Hudson, Elayne Ellis-Cohen, Shari Davies, Desley Horn, Alison Dale, Lorelle Malyon, Rachel Edwards, Jane Harnischfeger, Glenda Radel, Rebecca Bundy, Jacqueline Jauncey-Cooke
A learning needs analysis was undertaken in a newly formed workforce. The goal of the learning needs analysis was to establish both the skill set and educational needs in the nursing workforce prior to moving to a new purpose built facility. The results would then enable nurse educators to develop, plan and deliver appropriate educational strategies. Staff (73%) completed an online survey; the results were collated and analysed. The results of the learning needs analysis suggested an experienced workforce that had great capacity to care for children across a wide spectrum of acute clinical needs...
November 27, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220204/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-controversy-developmental-mechanisms-and-multiple-levels-of-analysis
#10
Stephen P Hinshaw
Controversy abounds regarding the symptom dimensions of attention problems, impulsivity, and hyperactivity, developmentally extreme and impairing levels of which compose the diagnostic category of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). I highlight causal factors, underlying mechanisms, developmental manifestations, and female manifestations of ADHD, integrating the psychobiological underpinnings of this syndrome with contextual factors related to its clinical presentation, impairments, and soaring increases in diagnosed prevalence...
December 8, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219894/crisis-management-simulation-establishing-a-dual-neurosurgery-and-anesthesia-training-experience
#11
Jeremy Ciporen, Haley Gillham, Michele Noles, Dawn Dillman, Mark Baskerville, Caleb Haley, Donn Spight, Ryan C Turner, Brandon P Lucke-Wold
BACKGROUND: Simulation training has been shown to be an effective teaching tool. Learner management of an intraoperative crisis such as a major cerebrovascular bleed requires effective teamwork, communication, and implementation of key skill sets at appropriate time points. This study establishes a first of a kind simulation experience in a neurosurgery/anesthesia resident (learners) team working together to manage an intraoperative crisis. METHODS: Using a cadaveric cavernous carotid injury perfusion model, 7 neurosurgery and 6 anesthesia learners, were trained on appropriate vascular injury management using an endonasal endoscopic technique...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219877/effectiveness-of-robotic-assisted-rehabilitation-for-mobility-and-functional-ability-in-adult-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review
#12
Kenneth Lo, Matthew Stephenson, Craig Lockwood
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability, and rehabilitation, involving repetitive, high intensity, task-specific exercises, is the pathway to restoring motor skills. Robotic assistive devices are increasingly being used and it is hoped that with robotic devices, rehabilitation progress can be achieved for patients. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of robotic devices in the rehabilitation of stroke patients for upper limb mobility, lower limb mobility, and activities of daily living...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219257/evaluation-of-a-mental-health-liaison-team-part-2-the-themes-and-their-effect-on-practice
#13
Alex McClimens, Shona Kelly, Mubarak Ismail, Jeff Breckon
Hospitals and emergency departments (EDs) are caring for increasing numbers of patients who present with underlying mental health issues. Managing these patients can be challenging for clinical staff who often lack the specialist knowledge and skills required to provide appropriate care. This article, part two of two on the evaluation of a newly formed mental health liaison team (MHLT) working in a general hospital, focuses on the perceptions and experiences of the MHLT participants, and explores three sub-themes derived from the interview data...
December 8, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218965/moral-courage-in-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-literature-review
#14
Laurie Bickhoff, Peter M Sinclair, Tracy Levett-Jones
Aim: The aim of this review was to explore factors which facilitate or inhibit undergraduate nursing students’ willingness to demonstrate moral courage when confronted by poor patient care. Methods: Included papers were those that met the criteria of being qualitative research that explored undergraduate nursing students’ depictions of situations where moral courage was or was not demonstrated during clinical placements, with a particular focus on situations that impacted or had the potential to impact the quality of patient care...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218791/a-novel-approach-to-training-attention-and-gaze-in-asd-a-feasibility-and-efficacy-pilot-study
#15
Leanne Chukoskie, Marissa Westerfield, Jeanne Townsend
In addition to the social, communicative and behavioral symptoms that define the disorder, individuals with ASD have difficulty re-orienting attention quickly and accurately. Similarly, fast re-orienting saccadic eye movements are also inaccurate and more variable in both endpoint and timing. Atypical gaze and attention are among the earliest symptoms observed in ASD. Disruption of these foundation skills critically affects development of higher level cognitive and social behavior. We propose that interventions aimed at these early deficits that support social and cognitive skills will be broadly effective...
December 8, 2017: Developmental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218767/maternal-communicative-behaviours-and-interaction-quality-as-predictors-of-language-development-findings-from-a-community-based-study-of-slow-to-talk-toddlers
#16
Laura J Conway, Penny A Levickis, Jodie Smith, Fiona Mensah, Melissa Wake, Sheena Reilly
BACKGROUND: Identifying risk and protective factors for language development informs interventions for children with developmental language disorder (DLD). Maternal responsive and intrusive communicative behaviours are associated with language development. Mother-child interaction quality may influence how children use these behaviours in language learning. AIMS: To identify (1) communicative behaviours and interaction quality associated with language outcomes; (2) whether the association between a maternal intrusive behaviour (directive) and child language scores changed alongside a maternal responsive behaviour (expansion); and (3) whether interaction quality modified these associations...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218726/healthcare-providers-perspectives-on-labor-monitoring-in-nigeria-and-uganda-a-qualitative-study-on-challenges-and-opportunities
#17
Fan Yang, Meghan A Bohren, David Kyaddondo, Musibau A Titiloye, Akinpelu O Olutayo, Olufemi T Oladapo, João Paulo Souza, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Kidza Mugerwa, Bukola Fawole
OBJECTIVE: To explore current practices, challenges, and opportunities in relation to monitoring labor progression, from the perspectives of healthcare professionals in low-resource settings. METHODS: Thematic analysis of qualitative data (in-depth interviews [IDIs] and focus group discussions [FDGs]) obtained from a purposive sample of healthcare providers and managers in selected health facilities in Nigeria and Uganda. RESULTS: A total of 70 IDIs and 16 FGDs with doctors, midwives, and administrators are included in this analysis...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218712/disposable-skin-staplers-for-closure-of-linear-gastrointestinal-incisions-in-dogs
#18
Zeev Schwartz, Bradley R Coolman
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical features and outcomes of linear gastrointestinal incisions closed with skin staples in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Historical cohort study. ANIMALS: 333 client-owned dogs. METHODS: Medical records from 1 private referral hospital were searched for dogs that underwent gastrointestinal surgery between November 1999 and October 2015. Cases were included if skin staplers were used to close linear gastrointestinal incisions...
December 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218384/is-it-possible-to-give-a-single-definition-of-the-rectosigmoid-junction
#19
Damien Massalou, David Moszkowicz, Daniela Mariage, Patrick Baqué, Olivier Camuzard, Nicolas Bronsard
AIM: The rectosigmoid junction is the limit separating the sigmoid colon and rectum. This transition zone has different definitions. We want to highlight different landmarks of the rectosigmoid junction (RSJ), to help the clinicians to adopt a consensual definition. METHOD: We reviewed anatomical, endoscopic, physiological and surgical points of view concerning the rectosigmoid junction (RSJ). RESULTS: The rectosigmoid junction has a different definition depending on who is studying it...
December 7, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217956/utilization-status-of-electronic-information-sources-eis-for-hiv-aids-care-and-treatment-in-specialized-teaching-hospitals-of-ethiopia-2016
#20
Senait Samuel Bramo, Tesfamichael Alaro Agago
Background: According to the World Health Organization, the use of Electronic Information Sources (EIS) in healthcare is not merely about application of technology, but it is also a foundation to provide higher quality clinical care. This study was aimed to assess Utilization Status of EIS for HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment in specialized teaching hospitals of Ethiopia, 2016. Materials and Methods: A facility based cross-sectional study design was used. The study populations were 352 healthcare professionals selected by using simple random sampling technique from three randomly selected specialized teaching hospitals of Ethiopia...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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