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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332145/the-experiences-and-beliefs-of-older-people-in-scottish-very-sheltered-housing-about-using-multi-compartment-compliance-aids
#1
Derek Stewart, Kathrine Gibson Smith, Joan MacLeod, Alison Strath, Vibhu Paudyal, Katrina Forbes-McKay, Scott Cunningham, Katie MacLure
Background Multi-compartment compliance aids (MCAs) are promoted as a potential solution to medicines non-adherence despite the absence of high quality evidence of effectiveness of MCA use impacting medicines adherence or any clinical outcomes. Furthermore, there is a lack of qualitative research which focuses on the perspectives of older people receiving MCAs. Objectives To describe experiences and beliefs surrounding very sheltered housing (VSH) residents' use of MCAs with emphasis on issues of personalisation, reablement, shared decision-making, independence and support...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331849/sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-health-determinants-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-malaysia
#2
Yong Kang Cheah, Mohd Azahadi, Siew Nooi Phang, Noor Hazilah Abd Manaf
Suicide has become a serious matter in both developed and developing countries. The objective of the present study is to examine the factors affecting suicidal behaviour among adults in Malaysia. A nationally representative data which consists of 10,141 respondents is used for analysis. A trivariate probit model is utilised to identify the probability of having suicide ideation, suicide plan and suicide attempt. Results of the regression analysis show that to ensure unbiased estimates, a trivariate probit model should be used instead of three separate probit models...
January 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331837/spontaneous-focusing-on-numerosity-in-preschool-as-a-predictor-of-mathematical-skills-and-knowledge-in-the-fifth-grade
#3
Cristina E Nanu, Jake McMullen, Petriina Munck, Minna M Hannula-Sormunen
Previous studies in a variety of countries have shown that there are substantial individual differences in children's spontaneous focusing on numerosity (SFON), and these differences are positively related to the development of early numerical skills in preschool and primary school. A total of 74 5-year-olds participated in a 7-year follow-up study, in which we explored whether SFON measured with very small numerosities at 5 years of age predicts mathematical skills and knowledge, math motivation, and reading in fifth grade at 11 years of age...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331835/integrating-priority-areas-and-ecological-corridors-into-national-network-for-conservation-planning-in-china
#4
Jie Liang, Xinyue He, Guangming Zeng, Minzhou Zhong, Xiang Gao, Xin Li, Xiaodong Li, Haipeng Wu, Chunting Feng, Wenle Xing, Yilong Fang, Dan Mo
Considering that urban expansion and increase of human activities represent important threats to biodiversity and ecological processes in short and long term, developing protected area (PA) network with high connectivity is considered as a valuable conservation strategy. However, conservation planning associated with the large-scale network in China involves important information loopholes about the land cover and landscape connectivity. In this paper, we made an integrative analysis for the identification of conservation priority areas and least-cost ecological corridors (ECs) in order to promote a more representative, connected and efficient ecological PA network for this country...
January 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331485/impact-of-9p21-3-region-and-atherosclerosis-related-genes-variants-on-long-term-recurrent-hard-cardiac-events-after-a-myocardial-infarction
#5
German J Osmak, Boris V Titov, Natalia A Matveeva, Vitalina V Bashinskaya, Roman M Shakhnovich, Tatiana S Sukhinina, Nino G Kukava, Mikhail Ya Ruda, Olga O Favorova
Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction (MI) as its most severe clinical complication remain the leading causes of mortality in the majority of countries. Despite the progress in the treatment of MI, quite often the patients, after the first-time MI, develop subsequently a variety of adverse cardiovascular events. In this retrospective study we evaluated the contribution of allelic variations in 9p21.3 locus and in 21 atherogenesis-related genes to the development of hard cardiac events in a cohort of patients of Russian ethnicity after the first acute MI during long-term follow-up (7-10 years)...
January 10, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331471/symposium-review-novel-strategies-to-genetically-improve-mastitis-resistance-in-dairy-cattle
#6
P Martin, H W Barkema, L F Brito, S G Narayana, F Miglior
Mastitis is a disease of major economic importance to the dairy cattle sector because of the high incidence of clinical mastitis and prevalence of subclinical mastitis and, consequently, the costs associated with treatment, production losses, and reduced animal welfare. Disease-recording systems compiling data from a large number of farms are still not widely implemented around the world; thus, selection for mastitis resistance is often based on genetically correlated indicator traits such as somatic cell count (SCC), udder depth, and fore udder attachment...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331437/influence-of-operator-experience-and-pci-volume-on-transfemoral-access-techniques-a-collaboration-of-international-cardiovascular-societies
#7
Daniel W Nelson, Abdulla A Damluji, Nish Patel, Marco Valgimigli, Stephan Windecker, Robert Byrne, James Nolan, Tejas Patel, Emmanouil Brilakis, Subhash Banerjee, Jorge Mayol, Warren J Cantor, Carlos E Alfonso, Sunil V Rao, Mauro Moscucci, Mauricio G Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Transfemoral access (TFA) is widely used for coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The influence of operator age, gender, experience, and procedural volume on performance of femoral arterial access has not been studied. METHODS: A survey instrument was developed and distributed via e-mail from professional societies to interventional cardiologists worldwide from March to December 2016. RESULTS: A total of 988 physicians from 88 countries responded to the survey...
December 27, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331282/development-testing-and-implementation-of-a-training-curriculum-for-nonphysician-health-workers-to-reduce-cardiovascular-disease
#8
Maheer Khan, Pablo Lamelas, Hadi Musa, Jared Paty, Tara McCready, Robby Nieuwlaat, Eleonor Ng, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Jose Lopez-Lopez, Khalid Yusoff, Fadhlina A Majid, Kien Keat Ng, Len Garis, Oyere Onuma, Salim Yusuf, Jon-David Schwalm
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. The need to address CVD is greatest in low- and middle-income countries where there is a shortage of trained health workers in CVD detection, prevention, and control. OBJECTIVES: Based on the growing evidence that many elements of chronic disease management can be shifted to nonphysician health care workers (NPHW), the HOPE-4 (Heart Outcomes Prevention and Evaluation Program) aimed to develop, test, and implement a training curriculum on CVD prevention and control in Colombia, Malaysia, and low-resource settings in Canada...
January 10, 2018: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331055/the-challenges-and-possibilities-of-public-access-defibrillation
#9
REVIEW
Mattias Ringh, Jacob Hollenberg, Thea Palsgaard-Moeller, Leif Svensson, Mårten Rosenqvist, Freddy K Lippert, Mads Wissenberg, Carolina Malta Hansen, Andreas Claesson, Soren Viereck, Jolande A Zijlstra, Rudolph W Koster, Johan Herlitz, Marieke T Blom, Jo Kramer-Johansen, Hanno L Tan, Steffie Beesems, Michiel Hulleman, Theresa M Olasveengen, Fredrik Folke
Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) is a major health problem that affects approximately four hundred thousand patients annually in the United States alone. It is a major challenge for the emergency medical system since decreased survival rates are directly proportional to the time delay from collapse to defibrillation. Historically, defibrillation has only been performed by physicians and in-hospital. With the development of automated external defibrillators (AEDs), rapid defibrillation by non-medical professionals and subsequently by trained or untrained lay bystanders has become possible...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330996/missed-immunization-opportunities-among-children-under-5-years-of-age-dwelling-in-karachi-city
#10
Asif Khaliq, Sayeeda Amber Sayed, Syed Abdullah Hussaini, Kiran Azam, Mehak Qamar
BACKGROUND: Immunization is the safest and effective measure for preventing and eradicating various communicable diseases. A glaring immunization gap exists between developing and industrialized countries towards immunization, because the developing countries including Pakistan are still striving to provide basic immunization to their children. The purpose of this study was to access the prevalence and factors of missing immunization among under 5-year children of Karachi.. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from June 2015 to October 2015 among different outpatient clinics of Karachi...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#11
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330699/accounting-of-ghg-emissions-and-removals-from-forest-management-a-long-road-from-kyoto-to-paris
#12
REVIEW
Joachim H A Krug
BACKGROUND: Forests have always played an important role in agreeing on accounting rules during the past two decades of international climate policy development. Starting from activity-based gross-net accounting of selected forestry activities to mandatory accounting against a baseline-rules have changed quite rapidly and with significant consequences for accounted credits and debits. Such changes have direct consequences on incentives for climate-investments in forestry. There have also been strong arguments not to include forests into the accounting system by considering large uncertainties, procedural challenges and a fear of unearned credits corrupting the overall accounting system, among others...
January 3, 2018: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330609/determination-of-appropriate-service-delivery-level-for-quantitative-attributes-of-household-toilets-in-rural-settlements-of-india-from-users-perspective
#13
Mohammad Rashid, Debapratim Pandit
Improvement of quality of sanitation services in rural settlements is an important development goal in developing countries including India and accordingly several strategies are adopted which promote the demand and use of household toilets through creating awareness and providing subsidies to poor people for construction of household toilets with service-level standards specified from experts' perspective. In many cases, users are unsatisfied with the quality of toilets constructed using subsidies and the same remain unused...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330167/differences-in-declining-mortality-rates-due-to-coronary-heart-disease-by-neighbourhood-deprivation
#14
Daniel Oudin Åström, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of death in most industrialised countries, including those in Europe. The mortality rates due to coronary heart disease (CHD), one of the most serious CVD conditions, have been decreasing in most European countries during the last decades. However, whether the trends over time in CHD mortality rates differ depending on neighbourhood deprivation has rarely been investigated. METHODS: For each year of the study period, 1988-2012, in Sweden, age-standardised mortality rates were calculated for three different types of neighbourhoods, characterised by a Neighbourhood Deprivation Index...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330092/a-novel-double-antigen-sandwich-elisa-for-the-species-independent-detection-of-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-specific-antibodies
#15
Miriam A Sas, Loic Comtet, Fabien Donnet, Marc Mertens, Zati Vatansever, Noel Tordo, Philippe Pourquier, Martin H Groschup
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a tick-borne disease in humans caused by the CCHF virus (CCHFV). The detection of anti-CCHFV antibodies in animals is used to reveal infection risk areas. Therefore a simple, quick and reliable multispecies assay for the detection of CCHFV-specific antibodies is needed. This work presents the development and validation of a novel CCHF double-antigen ELISA for the detection of anti-CCHFV nucleoprotein antibodies. The test requires 30 μl of serum, and results are obtained within 90 min...
January 9, 2018: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329998/common-error-pathways-seen-in-the-ro-ils-data-that-demonstrate-opportunities-for-improving-treatment-safety
#16
Gary Ezzell, Bhisham Chera, Adam Dicker, Eric Ford, Louis Potters, Lakshmi Santanam, Sheri Weintraub
PURPOSE: The Radiation Oncology Incident Learning System (RO-ILS) receives event reports from facilities across the country. This effort extracted common error pathways seen in the data. These pathways, expressed as fault trees, demonstrate the need for, and opportunities for, preventing these errors and/or limiting their propagation to treatment. METHODS AND MATERIALS: As of the third quarter of 2016, 2344 event reports had been submitted to RO-ILS and reviewed...
January 9, 2018: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329624/apparent-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-infection-with-ostertagia-ostertagi-fasciola-hepatica-and-dictyocaulus-viviparus-in-swiss-dairy-herds
#17
C F Frey, R Eicher, K Raue, C Strube, M Bodmer, B Hentrich, B Gottstein, N Marreros
Infections with helminth parasites can negatively affect performance of dairy cows. Knowledge on infection intensity, spatial distributions and risk factors are key to develop targeted treatment strategies. Canada and most EU countries have conducted large investigations, but respective data for Switzerland were missing. We now performed a bulk tank milk serosurvey for Ostertagia ostertagi, Fasciola hepatica, and Dictyocaulus viviparus on a total of 1036 voluntarily participating dairy herds that were sampled at confinement periods, i...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329620/determination-and-validation-of-discriminating-concentration-of-ivermectin-against-rhipicephalus-microplus
#18
Abhijit Nandi, Sharath V Sagar, Gajanan Chigure, Ashutosh Fular, Anil Kumar Sharma, Gaurav Nagar, Sachin Kumar, B C Saravanan, Srikant Ghosh
Rhipicephalus microplus, the major cattle tick species of India is prevalent all over the country and causes huge economic loss directly or indirectly to the dairy industries. Chemical acaricides are playing an important role in managing tick infestations on livestock for many years and consequently, resistance to commonly used organophosphate (OP) and synthetic pyrethroid (SP) compounds has been reported. Subsequently, ivermectin (IVM) has been emerged as an alternative to manage OP and SP resistant ticks...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329599/gallbladder-ascariasis-in-kosovo-focus-on-ultrasound-and-conservative-therapy-a-case-series
#19
Vlora Ismaili-Jaha, Halim Toro, Lidvana Spahiu, Mehmedali Azemi, Teuta Hoxha-Kamberi, Muharrem Avdiu, Shqipe Spahiu-Konjusha, Luan Jaha
BACKGROUND: Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most common intestinal infections in developing countries, including Kosovo. In contrast to migration to the bile duct, migration of the worm to the gallbladder, due to the narrow and tortuous nature of the cystic duct, is rare. When it does occur, it incites acalculous cholecystitis. CASE PRESENTATIONS: This case series describes a 16-month-old Albanian girl, a 22-month-old Albanian girl, a 4-year-old Albanian girl, and a 10-year-old Albanian boy...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329573/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-italy-an%C3%A2-enhanced-estimation-for-first-generation-migrant-women-based-on-2016-survey-data
#20
Livia Elisa Ortensi, Patrizia Farina, Els Leye
BACKGROUND: Migration flows of women from Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting practicing countries have generated a need for data on women potentially affected by Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting. This paper presents enhanced estimates for foreign-born women and asylum seekers in Italy in 2016, with the aim of supporting resource planning and policy making, and advancing the methodological debate on estimation methods. METHODS: The estimates build on the most recent methodological development in Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting direct and indirect estimation for Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting non-practicing countries...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
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