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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538920/the-national-permanent-health-education-policy-in-public-health-schools-reflections-from-practice
#1
Maria Lúcia de Macedo Cardoso, Patricia Pol Costa, Delaine Martins Costa, Caco Xavier, Rosa Maria Pinheiro Souza
This study aimed to analyze aspects of the implementation of the National Permanent Health Education Policy of the Brazilian Ministry of Health, based on the experiences of Public Health Schools. Five workshops were held in schools located in different regions of the country, taking into account an analysis of the conceptual and organizational basis of the policy. The methodological premises hinged on a reflexivist approach based on a dialogue between the research team and school participants, which built on the identification and meaning of the experiences of these institution in permanent health education (PHE)...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538870/liquid-silicone-used-for-esthetic-purposes-as-a-potentiator-for-occurrence-of-post-radiotherapy-genital-lymphedema-case-report
#2
Raíssa Quaiatti Antonelli, Davi Reis Calderoni, Igor Ferreira Garcia, Rafael Fantelli Stelini, Adriano Fregonesi, Paulo Kharmandayan
CONTEXT: Lymphedema consists of extracellular fluid retention caused by lymphatic obstruction. In chronic forms, fat and fibrous tissue accumulation is observed. Genital lymphedema is a rare condition in developed countries and may have primary or acquired etiology. It generally leads to urinary, sexual and social impairment. Clinical treatment usually has low effectiveness, and surgical resection is frequently indicated. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a male-to-female transgender patient who was referred for treatment of chronic genital lymphedema...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538868/comparative-analysis-of-death-by-suicide-in-brazil-and-in-the-united-states-descriptive-cross-sectional-time-series-study
#3
Alexander Abuabara, Allan Abuabara, Carin Albino Luçolli Tonchuk
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The World Health Organization recognizes suicide as a public health priority. Increased knowledge of suicide risk factors is needed in order to be able to adopt effective prevention strategies. The aim of this study was to analyze and compare the association between the Gini coefficient (which is used to measure inequality) and suicide death rates over a 14-year period (2000-2013) in Brazil and in the United States (US). The hypothesis put forward was that reduction of income inequality is accompanied by reduction of suicide rates...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538818/contributions-to-a-brazilian-code-of-conduct-for-fieldwork-in-geology-an-approach-based-on-geoconservation-and-geoethics
#4
Kátia L Mansur, Luiza C M O Ponciano, Aline R S F DE Castro
When considering the numerous events that have prohibited the development of scientific projects or caused destruction of outcrops, it is clear that there is rapidly increasing necessity to define a Brazilian Code of Conduct for geological fieldwork. In general, this destruction is attributed to lack of knowledge as to the relevance of geological sites. The aim of this Code of Conduct is to guide geologists to adopt good practices during geoscience activities. Proposed guidelines are based on Codes of Conduct from other countries, mainly Scotland and England, on situations described in papers and on the personal experience of the authors...
May 22, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538793/-evaluability-of-the-health-gym-program-in-recife-pernambuco-state-brazil
#5
Rafaela Niels da Silva, Flávio Renato Barros da Guarda, Pedro Curi Hallal, Petrônio José de Lima Martelli
Implementation of the Health Gym Program is one of the key strategies in the Brazilian National Health Promotion Policy, but thus far no evaluability studies have been performed on this intervention in Recife, Pernambuco State, one of the first cities in the country to implement this intervention. This study aimed to measure the evaluability of the Health Gym Program in the city of Recife, based on the description of the intervention and the elaboration of its log frame model and theoretical models for evaluation, in addition to identifying evaluative questions...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538790/challenges-for-conducting-blood-collection-and-biochemical-analysis-in-a-large-multicenter-school-based-study-with-adolescents-lessons-from-erica-in-brazil
#6
Felipe Vogt Cureau, Katia Vergetti Bloch, Aline Henz, Camila W Schaan, Carlos Henrique Klein, Cecília Lacroix de Oliveira, Denise Tavares Giannini, Elisa Brosina de Leon, Gabriela de Azevedo Abreu, Gabriela Heiden Telo, Glauber Monteiro Dias, Kênia Mara Baiocchi de Carvalho, Laura Augusta Barufaldi, Maria Cristina Caetano Kuschnir, Moyses Szklo, Renan Montenegro, Thiago Luiz Nogueira da Silva, Ulf Ekelund, Beatriz D Schaan
The Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents (ERICA) is a pioneering study that aimed to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, including metabolic syndrome components in Brazilian adolescents. This study aims to describe the methodological aspects related to blood collection as well as to report pertaining results of the preparation, transport, storage, and exams in ERICA. Exams in ERICA were performed in a single laboratory and blood samples were collected in schools in a standardized manner...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538704/climate-change-and-its-impact-on-the-yield-of-major-food-crops-evidence-from-pakistan
#7
Sajjad Ali, Ying Liu, Muhammad Ishaq, Tariq Shah, Abdullah, Aasir Ilyas, Izhar Ud Din
Pakistan is vulnerable to climate change, and extreme climatic conditions are threatening food security. This study examines the effects of climate change (e.g., maximum temperature, minimum temperature, rainfall, relative humidity, and the sunshine) on the major crops of Pakistan (e.g., wheat, rice, maize, and sugarcane). The methods of feasible generalized least square (FGLS) and heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation (HAC) consistent standard error were employed using time series data for the period 1989 to 2015...
May 24, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538698/diet-hypotheses-in-light-of-the-microbiota-revolution-new-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
Tomasz P Wypych, Benjamin J Marsland
From an evolutionary standpoint, allergy has only recently emerged as a significant health problem. Various hypotheses were proposed to explain this, but they all indicated the importance of rapid lifestyle changes, which occurred in industrialized countries in the last few decades. In this review, we discuss evidence from epidemiological and experimental studies that indicate changes in dietary habits may have played an important role in this phenomenon. Based on the example of dietary fiber, we discuss molecular mechanisms behind this and point towards the importance of diet-induced changes in the microbiota...
May 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538696/immune-components-in-human-milk-are-associated-with-early-infant-immunological-health-outcomes-a-prospective-three-country-analysis
#9
Daniel Munblit, Marina Treneva, Diego G Peroni, Silvia Colicino, Li Yan Chow, Shobana Dissanayeke, Alexander Pampura, Attilio L Boner, Donna T Geddes, Robert J Boyle, John O Warner
The role of breastfeeding in improving allergy outcomes in early childhood is still unclear. Evidence suggests that immune mediators in human milk (HM) play a critical role in infant immune maturation as well as protection against atopy/allergy development. We investigated relationships between levels of immune mediators in colostrum and mature milk and infant outcomes in the first year of life. In a large prospective study of 398 pregnant/lactating women in the United Kingdom, Russia and Italy, colostrum and mature human milk (HM) samples were analysed for immune active molecules...
May 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538507/female-sex-bilateral-disease-age-below-3-years-and-apprehension-for-enucleation-contribute-to-treatment-abandonment-in-retinoblastoma
#10
Anish Bhargav, Usha Singh, Amita Trehan, Zoramathara Zadeng, Deepak Bansal
Treatment abandonment is a major obstacle for treating retinoblastoma in developing countries. The aim was to evaluate plausible causes, outcome, and rate of treatment abandonment in patients with retinoblastoma. The study was retrospective and conducted in a University hospital in North-India. Two cohorts of patients were studied. One was a larger cohort (n=602) of all patients with retinoblastoma in the institution from 2000 to 2014. Limited variables (age, sex, and laterality) were examined in this cohort due to incomplete data/lack of contact...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538284/the-advance-study-a-groundbreaking-trial-to-evaluate-a-candidate-universal-antiretroviral-regimen
#11
Willem D F Venter, Polly Clayden, Celicia Serenata
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Current WHO-recommended first-line therapy in low-income and middle-income countries has been very successful in saving millions of lives but still has toxicity concerns and a low barrier to resistance. RECENT FINDINGS: Two candidate antiretrovirals may substantially transform first-line therapy in low-income and middle-income countries, yielding a safer, more robust and cheaper regimen. Tenofovir alafenamide carries toxicity and cost benefits over tenofovir disoproxil fumarate...
May 19, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538239/how-to-save-1-million-lives-in-a-year-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#12
Colm P Travers, Wally A Carlo
Despite major improvements in reducing childhood mortality worldwide, over 5 million pregnancies per year end in stillbirths or neonatal deaths. The vast majority of these deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. Many of these deaths are preventable with readily available evidence-based care practices. This review focuses on educational programs developed to reduce preventable deaths in newborn infants in low- and middle-income countries, including Essential Newborn Care and Helping Babies Breathe, a simplified version of the Neonatal Resuscitation Program...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538229/treatment-outcome-in-patients-with-primary-central-nervous-system-germ-cell-tumour-clinical-experience-from-a-regional-cancer-centre-in-north-india
#13
Ahitagni Biswas, Pramod Kumar Julka, Sameer Bakhshi, Manmohan Singh, Goura Kishor Rath
BACKGROUND: Primary intracranial germ cell tumour is a rare entity and constitutes 2-3% of all paediatric brain tumours in Western countries. We herein intend to report the clinical features and treatment outcome of patients with primary central nervous system germ cell tumour treated at our institute. METHODS: Clinical data were collected by retrospective chart review from 2006 to 2012. Histopathology slides were reviewed and relevant immunohistochemistry stains were done...
May 25, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538203/uhplc-ms-ms-method-with-sample-dilution-to-test-therapeutic-adherence-through-quantification-of-ten-antihypertensive-drugs-in-urine-samples
#14
Amedeo De Nicolò, Valeria Avataneo, Franco Rabbia, Mauro Sciandra, Francesco Tosello, Jessica Cusato, Elisa Perlo, Paolo Mulatero, Franco Veglio, Giovanni Di Perri, Antonio D'Avolio
Nowadays, hypertension represents an important health problem, particularly in developed countries. In some cases the standard therapeutic approaches are not able to reestablish the normal blood pressure values: this condition is called "resistant hypertension". However, a fraction of cases of resistant hypertension are actually due to poor adherence to the prescribed therapy. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring could represent a direct and useful tool to correctly identify non-compliant patients. Nevertheless, high throughput methods for the simultaneous monitoring of a wide panel of drugs in the same analysis are lacking and, furthermore, there is not a generally acknowledged "standard" matrix for this test (plasma or urine)...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538033/ultrasound-evaluation-as-a-complementary-test-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa-proposal-of-a-standarized-report
#15
Antonio Martorell, Ximena Wortsman, Fernando Alfageme, Gaston Roustan, Salvador Arias-Santiago, Orlando Catalano, Maria Scotto di Santolo, Kian Zarchi, Marcio Bouer, Diana Gaitini, Claudia Gonzalez, Robert Bard, F Javier García-Martínez, Anitha Mandava
BACKGROUND: Staging and monitoring of patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) have been traditionally based on clinical findings. However, the physical examination may show important limitations because of its poor sensitivity for differentiating between different lesion subtypes, and its low sensitivity to define the disease's activity. OBJECTIVE: To develop a consensus ultrasound (US) report that could summarize the relevant anatomical characteristics and staging of patients considering the experience of radiologists and dermatologists working on imaging of HS...
May 22, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538021/global-surgery-current-evidence-for-improving-surgical-care
#16
Jennifer C Fuller, David A Shaye
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The field of global surgery is undergoing rapid transformation, owing to several recent prominent reports positioning it as a cost-effective means of relieving global disease burden. The purpose of this article is to review the recent advances in the field of global surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Efforts to grow the global surgical workforce and procedural capacity have focused on innovative methods to increase surgeon training, enhance international collaboration, leverage technology, optimize existing health systems, and safely implement task-sharing...
May 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538005/a-survey-examining-photopatch-test-and-phototest-methodologies-of-contact-dermatologists-in-the-united-states-platform-for-the-development-of-a-consensus
#17
Eseosa Asemota, Glen Crawford, Carrie Kovarik, Bruce A Brod
BACKGROUND: There is currently no standardized protocol for photopatch testing and phototesting in the United States. Certain testing paramaters (such as chemicals tested, time between test application and irradiation, and time of final interpretation) vary from provider to provider. These variations may impact comparability and consistency of test results. OBJECTIVE: The goal of our survey-based study was to outline the photopatch test and phototest protocols used by US contact dermatologists...
May 23, 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535523/mycophenolate-mofetil-a-possible-alternative-treatment-for-iga-nephropathy
#18
Olga Baraldi, Giorgia Comai, Vania Cuna, Maria Cappuccilli, Carla Serra, Claudio Ronco, Gaetano La Manna
IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common primary glomerulonephritis in developed countries and a leading cause of chronic kidney disease. IgAN is a mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis characterized by diffuse mesangial deposition of IgA, often accompanied by the deposition of IgG and the C3 component of complement in a similar distribution. This condition is in most cases oligosymptomatic, often discovered coincidentally. Currently, there is no specific treatment available for IgAN and the use of immunosuppression therapy is debated...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535276/live-attenuated-pertussis-vaccine-bpze1-protects-baboons-against-b-pertussis-disease-and-infection
#19
Camille Locht, James F Papin, Sophie Lecher, Anne-Sophie Debrie, Marcel Thalen, Ken Solovay, Keith Rubin, Nathalie Mielcarek
Evidence suggests that the resurgence of pertussis in many industrialized countries may result from the failure of current vaccines to prevent nasopharyngeal colonization by Bordetella pertussis, the principal causative agent of whooping cough. Here, we used a baboon model to test the protective potential of the novel, live attenuated pertussis vaccine candidate BPZE1. A single intranasal/intratracheal inoculation of juvenile baboons with BPZE1 resulted in transient nasopharyngeal colonization and induction of IgG and IgA to all antigens tested, while causing no adverse symptoms or leukocytosis...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535257/correlates-of-picky-eating-and-food-neophobia-in-young-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Natasha Chong Cole, Ruopeng An, Soo-Yeun Lee, Sharon M Donovan
Picky eating behavior is prevalent among toddlers and may negatively impact their growth and development. This article summarizes the correlates of picky eating and food neophobia in young children, which were identified using a socio-ecological framework. A literature search was conducted in 4 electronic databases. Inclusion criteria were English-language peer-reviewed publications that investigated correlate(s) of picky eating or food neophobia in children aged ≤30 months. Correlates were categorized into 4 levels: cell, child, clan (family), and community/country...
May 23, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
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