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Impulse control disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429134/systematic-review-of-quality-of-life-and-functional-outcomes-in-randomized-placebo-controlled-studies-of-medications-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#1
REVIEW
David R Coghill, Tobias Banaschewski, César Soutullo, Matthew G Cottingham, Alessandro Zuddas
Children, adolescents and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience functional impairment and poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in addition to symptoms of inattention/hyperactivity-impulsivity. To synthesize qualitatively the published evidence from randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of the effectiveness of pharmacotherapy on functional impairment or HRQoL in patients with ADHD, a systematic PubMed searching and screening strategy was designed to identify journal articles meeting pre-specified criteria...
April 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426364/patterns-of-mood-and-personality-factors-and-associations-with-sti-hiv-related-drug-and-sex-risk-among-african-american-male-inmates
#2
Joy D Scheidell, Carl W Lejuez, Carol E Golin, Adaora A Adimora, David A Wohl, Larry D Keen, Michael Hammond, Selena Judon-Monk, Maria R Khan
BACKGROUND: Research on the association between antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) with comorbid mental disorders and sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV risk among inmates is scant despite the high prevalence of psychopathology and of STI/HIV in this population. METHODS: We used baseline data from Project DISRUPT, a cohort study conducted among incarcerated African American men (n = 207), to measure associations between ASPD and STI/HIV risk. We also conducted latent class analyses (LCAs) to identify subgroups defined by ASPD with comorbid stress, depression, and borderline personality disorder symptoms and measured associations between latent class membership and STI/HIV risk...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425213/genotype-phenotype-correlations-in-cornelia-de-lange-syndrome-behavioral-characteristics-and-changes-with-age
#3
Joanna Moss, Jessica Penhallow, Morad Ansari, Stephanie Barton, David Bourn, David R FitzPatrick, Judith Goodship, Peter Hammond, Catherine Roberts, Alice Welham, Chris Oliver
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a multisystem genetic disorder associated with unusual facial features, limb abnormalities, a wide range of health conditions, and intellectual disability. Mutations in five genes that encode (SMC1A, SMC3, RAD21) or regulate (NIPBL, HDAC8) the cohesin complex have been identified in up to 70% of individuals. Genetic cause remains unknown for a proportion of individuals. There is substantial heterogeneity in all aspects of CdLS but very little is known about what predicts phenotypic heterogeneity...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422445/transcriptional-profiling-of-shr-ncrl-prefrontal-cortex-reveals-hyperactivity-associated-genes-responsive-to-amphetamine-challenge
#4
Irene Joy I Dela Peña, Ike Dela Peña, June Bryan de la Peña, Hee Jin Kim, Aeree Sohn, Chan Young Shin, Doug Hyun Han, Bung-Nyun Kim, Jong Hoon Ryu, Jae Hoon Cheong
Several studies suggest a strong genetic component of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a complex neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by inappropriate levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention. Determining specific genetic risk variants for each symptom dimension of ADHD may aid in the identification of the biological risk factors of the disorder. In this study, we explored the potential genetic underpinnings of the hyperactive phenotype of ADHD. To this end, we examined differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of SHR/NCrl, an animal model of ADHD, compared with its genetic control, the Wistar Kyoto (WKY/NCrl) rat and the Wistar rat, strain used to represent the "normal" heterogeneous population...
April 19, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416812/a-new-locus-regulating-micall2-expression-was-identified-for-association-with-executive-inhibition-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
L Yang, S Chang, Q Lu, Y Zhang, Z Wu, X Sun, Q Cao, Y Qian, T Jia, B Xu, Q Duan, Y Li, K Zhang, G Schumann, D Liu, J Wang, Y Wang, L Lu
Impaired executive inhibition is a core deficit of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which is a common childhood-onset psychiatric disorder with high heritability. In this study, we performed a two-stage genome-wide association study of executive inhibition in ADHD in Han Chinese. We used the Stroop color-word interference test to evaluate executive inhibition. After quality control, 780 samples with phenotype and covariate data were included in the discovery stage, whereas 922 samples were included in the replication stage...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411561/selective-attention-moderates-the-relationship-between-attentional-capture-by-signals-of-nondrug-reward-and-illicit-drug-use
#6
Lucy Albertella, Jan Copeland, Daniel Pearson, Poppy Watson, Reinout W Wiers, Mike E Le Pelley
BACKGROUND: The current study examined whether cognitive control moderates the association between (non-drug) reward-modulated attentional capture and use of alcohol and other drugs (AOD). METHODS: Participants were 66 university students who completed an assessment including questions about AOD use, a visual search task to measure value-modulated attentional capture, and a goal-directed selective attention task as a measure of cognitive control. RESULTS: The association between the effect of value-modulated attentional capture and illicit drug use was moderated by level of cognitive control...
March 30, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409714/psychotic-depression-and-suicidal-behavior
#7
Kristin J Fredriksen, Helle K Schoeyen, Jan O Johannessen, Fredrik A Walby, Larry Davidson, Margrethe A Schaufel
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated how severely depressed individuals experienced the relationship between psychotic symptoms and suicidal ideation and behavior. METHOD: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of nine inpatients from a psychiatric university hospital between September 2012 and May 2013 fulfilling diagnostic criteria for a psychotic depressive episode as part of a unipolar or bipolar disorder. Analysis was conducted using systematic text condensation...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408873/neurofeedback-of-slow-cortical-potentials-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-multicenter-randomized-trial-controlling-for-unspecific-effects
#8
Ute Strehl, Pascal Aggensteiner, Daniel Wachtlin, Daniel Brandeis, Björn Albrecht, Maria Arana, Christiane Bach, Tobias Banaschewski, Thorsten Bogen, Andrea Flaig-Röhr, Christine M Freitag, Yvonne Fuchsenberger, Stephanie Gest, Holger Gevensleben, Laura Herde, Sarah Hohmann, Tanja Legenbauer, Anna-Maria Marx, Sabina Millenet, Benjamin Pniewski, Aribert Rothenberger, Christian Ruckes, Sonja Wörz, Martin Holtmann
Background: Neurofeedback (NF) in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been investigated in a series of studies over the last years. Previous studies did not unanimously support NF as a treatment in ADHD. Most studies did not control for unspecific treatment effects and did not demonstrate that self-regulation took place. The present study examined the efficacy of NF in comparison to electromyographic (EMG) feedback to control for unspecific effects of the treatment, and assessed self-regulation of slow cortical potentials (SCPs)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407553/high-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-treatment-for-major-depression-dissociated-effects-on-psychopathology-and-neurocognition
#9
Santiago Tovar-Perdomo, Alexander McGirr, Frederique Van den Eynde, Nicole Rodrigues Dos Santos, Marcelo T Berlim
OBJECTIVES: This open-label pilot study explored the effects of a course of accelerated high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (HF-rTMS) on two neurocognitive domains (decision-making and impulse control) in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Participants with MDD and a treatment resistant major depressive episode (n=24) underwent twice-daily HF-rTMS targeted at the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (lDLPFC) over two weeks...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405700/-disorders-of-the-will-in-psychopathology
#10
REVIEW
T Fuchs, D Broschmann
At the beginning of modern psychopathology the notion of the will had a high significance. Thus, the works of Eugen Bleuler, Emil Krapelin and Karl Jaspers show an intensive study of disorders of the will, such as abulia, ambivalence or disorders of impulse control. Retrospectively, changes of the scientific paradigms in psychology could be one of the reasons for a break, which led to giving up the concept of the will in psychopathology. With increasing interest in issues of agency and free will, however, a reactivation of this central concept could close a gap in psychopathology as well as in therapeutic practice...
April 12, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402839/borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-and-criminal-justice-system-involvement-the-roles-of-emotion-driven-difficulties-controlling-impulsive-behaviors-and-physical-aggression
#11
Kelly E Moore, Matthew T Tull, Kim L Gratz
OBJECTIVE: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with elevated risk for a variety of risky behaviors, including criminal behaviors. Yet, limited research has examined the relation of BPD to criminal justice (CJ) involvement, or the mechanisms underlying this relation. PROCEDURES: This study examined the role of two mechanisms, emotion-driven difficulties controlling impulsive behaviors and physical aggression, in the relation between BPD symptom severity and CJ involvement among 118 patients in residential substance abuse treatment (76% male; 62% African-American)...
March 15, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399600/-stealing-as-an-impulse-control-disorder-associated-with-pramipexole-a-case-report-from-forensic-psychiatric-practice
#12
Christian Clemm von Hohenberg, Harald Dreßing
We report the case of a 48-year-old female whom we examined for legal culpability. The proband was taking the dopamine agonist pramipexole as a treatment for Parkinson's disease. In temporal association, she had committed numerous shoplifting offences.While pathological gambling, excessive shopping and hypersexuality have often been described as adverse effects of dopamine agonists, there are only few reports about impulsive stealing in this context.We discuss the synergy of the pharmacological effects with familial, biographic and social factors, suggesting a bio-psycho-social etiology...
April 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398162/control-over-interfering-memories-in-eating-disorders
#13
Davide Francesco Stramaccia, Barbara Penolazzi, Arianna Libardi, Aldo Genovese, Luigi Castelli, Daniela Palomba, Giovanni Galfano
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have suggested that patients suffering from either anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN) exhibit abnormal performance in the ability to control cognitive interference in response selection. METHOD: We assessed the status of cognitive control in episodic memory by addressing the ability to inhibit interfering memories. To this end, we used the retrieval-practice paradigm, which allows for measuring both the beneficial and the detrimental effects of memory practice...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393990/-restless-legs-syndrome-long-term-follow-up-of-a-series-of-patients
#14
Marcelo Miranda C, Lorena Hudson A
BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) affects 10% of the general population. AIM: To analyze a series of patients with a minimum follow-up period of four years, treated during an interval of 14 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of medical records of 200 patients assessed and followed by the authors at a private outpatient clinic. RESULTS: Fifty patients aged 25 to 90 years (34 females), who had a mean follow-up of 6,3 years (range 4-14 years), were selected...
December 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392908/shared-genetic-influences-between-dimensional-asd-and-adhd-symptoms-during-child-and-adolescent-development
#15
Evie Stergiakouli, George Davey Smith, Joanna Martin, David H Skuse, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Susan M Ring, Angelica Ronald, David E Evans, Simon E Fisher, Anita Thapar, Beate St Pourcain
BACKGROUND: Shared genetic influences between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms have been reported. Cross-trait genetic relationships are, however, subject to dynamic changes during development. We investigated the continuity of genetic overlap between ASD and ADHD symptoms in a general population sample during childhood and adolescence. We also studied uni- and cross-dimensional trait-disorder links with respect to genetic ADHD and ASD risk...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390495/aggression-protects-against-the-onset-of-major-depressive-episodes-in-individuals-with-bipolar-spectrum-disorder
#16
Tommy H Ng, Rachel D Freed, Madison K Titone, Jonathan P Stange, Rachel B Weiss, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
A growing body of research suggests that bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs) are associated with high aggression. However, little research has prospectively examined how aggression may affect time to onset of hypomanic/manic versus major depressive episodes. In a longitudinal study, we tested the hypothesis that aggression would prospectively predict a shorter time to the onset of hypomanic/manic episodes and a longer time to the onset of major depressive episodes, based on the behavioral approach system theory of BSDs...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387843/child-executive-control-as-a-moderator-of-the-longitudinal-association-between-sleep-problems-and-subsequent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms
#17
Katherine M Kidwell, Maren Hankey, Jennifer Mize Nelson, Kimberly Andrews Espy, Timothy D Nelson
To examine the longitudinal associations among sleep, executive control (EC), and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in childhood.  In this longitudinal study ( N  = 271), parents answered questions about sleep problems when children were 3 years old, children completed a comprehensive EC task battery at 4.5 years, and teachers completed standardized measures of child ADHD symptoms in 4th grade.  Latent moderated structural equation models demonstrated that sleep problems at 3 years and EC deficits at 4...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387426/facets-of-impulsivity-and-compulsivity-in-women-with-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Jason M Lavender, Erica L Goodman, Kristen M Culbert, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Daniel Le Grange, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
This study sought to investigate independent associations of impulsivity and compulsivity with eating disorder (ED) symptoms. Women (N = 81) with full or subthreshold Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV anorexia nervosa (AN) completed a semi-structured interview and self-report questionnaires. Multiple regression analyses were conducted using ED symptoms as dependent variables and facets of impulsivity and compulsivity as predictor variables (controlling for body mass index and AN diagnostic subtype)...
April 7, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384607/latent-class-analysis-of-gambling-subtypes-and-impulsive-compulsive-associations-time-to-rethink-diagnostic-boundaries-for-gambling-disorder
#19
Samuel R Chamberlain, Jan Stochl, Sarah A Redden, Brian L Odlaug, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Gambling disorder has been associated with cognitive dysfunction and impaired quality of life. The current definition of non-pathological, problem, and pathological types of gambling is based on total symptom scores, which may overlook nuanced underlying presentations of gambling symptoms. The aims of the current study were (i) to identify subtypes of gambling in young adults, using latent class analysis, based on individual responses from the Structured Clinical Interview for Gambling Disorder (SCI-GD); and (ii) to explore relationships between these gambling subtypes, and clinical/cognitive measures...
March 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380030/reduced-left-precentral-regional-responses-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-history-of-suicide-attempts
#20
Noa Tsujii, Wakako Mikawa, Emi Tsujimoto, Toru Adachi, Atsushi Niwa, Hisae Ono, Osamu Shirakawa
Previous neuroimaging studies have revealed frontal and temporal functional abnormalities in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and a history of suicidal behavior. However, it is unknown whether multi-channel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) signal changes among individuals with MDD are associated with a history of suicide attempts and a diathesis for suicidal behavior (impulsivity, hopelessness, and aggression). Therefore, we aimed to explore frontotemporal hemodynamic responses in depressed patients with a history of suicide attempts using 52-channel NIRS...
2017: PloS One
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