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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719791/effectiveness-of-psychosocial-and-educational-prenatal-and-postnatal-care-interventions-for-married-immigrant-women-in-korea-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Sun Kyung Kim, Seyeon Park, Sukhee Ahn
The rapid influx of married immigrant women from low-income Asian countries is a concern in South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. In South Korea, 1 in 10 couples includes a Korean man and a migrant woman, increasing the need for prenatal and postnatal care interventions. Studies published in English or Korean after 2000 were retrieved from 8 databases and reviewed via a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of prenatal and postnatal psychosocial and educational interventions in Korea. Of 3583 records, 10 studies (1 randomized controlled trial [RCT] and 9 non-RCTs) involving 408 married immigrant women fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719309/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-refugee-and-migrant-pregnant-women-along-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#2
Bert J D van Enter, Yee-Ling Lau, Clare L Ling, Wanitda Watthanaworawit, Yaowalark Sukthana, Wenn-Chyau Lee, François Nosten, Rose McGready
Toxoplasma gondii primary infection in pregnancy is associated with poor obstetric outcomes. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection in pregnant migrant and refugee women from Myanmar attending antenatal care in Thailand. A random selection of 199 residual blood samples from first antenatal screen in 2014-2015 was tested for Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection was 31.7% (95% confidence interval = 25.6-38.4). Avidity testing in the three positive IgM cases indicated all were past infections...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717729/middle-eastern-conflicts-implications-for-refugee-health-in-the-european-union-and-middle-eastern-host-countries
#3
Michael Silbermann, Michel Daher, Rejin Kebudi, Omar Nimri, Mazin Al-Jadiry, Lea Baider
Until very recently, health care in conflict settings was based on a model developed in the second half of the twentieth century. Things have changed, and present civil wars, such as those that are currently taking place in the Middle East, do not address the complexity of the ongoing armed conflicts in countries such as Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan. These conflicts have caused a significant increase in the number of refugees in the region, as well as in Europe. Hundreds of thousands of refugees succeed in settling in mid- and north-European countries, and their health issues are becoming of great importance...
December 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717390/tracing-the-origin-of-the-early-wet-season-anopheles-coluzzii-in-the-sahel
#4
Tovi Lehmann, David Weetman, Diana L Huestis, Alpha S Yaro, Yaya Kassogue, Moussa Diallo, Martin J Donnelly, Adama Dao
In arid environments, the source of the malaria mosquito populations that re-establish soon after first rains remains a puzzle and alternative explanations have been proposed. Using genetic data, we evaluated whether the early rainy season (RS) population of Anopheles coluzzii is descended from the preceding late RS generation at the same locality, consistent with dry season (DS) dormancy (aestivation), or from migrants from distant locations. Distinct predictions derived from these two hypotheses were assessed, based on variation in 738 SNPs in eleven A...
August 2017: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713854/forced-migration-in-childhood-are-there-long-term-health-effects
#5
Jan M Saarela, Irma T Elo
Studies on the health of migrants have increased considerably in number in recent years, but little is still known about the long-term health effects associated with forced migration, and particularly for people who were forced to migrate as children. Data shortcomings together with the methodological challenges of studying migrant populations limit the ability to disentangle the roles of various factors that influence migrant health outcomes. Finland provides an unusual opportunity to study long-term health consequences associated with forced migration...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713804/facilitating-and-inhibiting-factors-of-sexual-behavior-among-migrants-in-transition-from-mexico-to-the-united-states
#6
Jesús Alejandro Guerra-Ordoñez, Raquel A Benavides-Torres, Rogelio Zapata-Garibay, Dora Julia Onofre-Rodríguez, María Aracely Márquez-Vega, Gabriela Zamora-Carmona
INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is one of the most prevalent infectious diseases in the border region of Mexico due to the flow of migrants under desperate conditions, encouraging casual and unprotected sex. Since this has become a binational public health problem, it is important to understand the factors that predict these sexual behaviors. The aim of the current study was to investigate the facilitators and inhibitors of transition in the sexual behavior of migrants from two border regions on the Mexico-United States (US) border...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711229/-public-health-for-migrants-and-refugees-in-europe-as-well
#7
Ainhoa Rodríguez-García-de-Cortázar, Ainhoa Ruiz-Azarola, Olga Leralta-Piñán, Jaime Jiménez-Pernett, José Ignacio Oleaga-Usategui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710710/interventions-for-increasing-hiv-testing-uptake-in-migrants-a-systematic-review-of-evidence
#8
REVIEW
Eithandee Aung, Sarah J Blondell, Jo Durham
Migrants have been identified as being at greater risk for late HIV testing and diagnosis. Late diagnosis is of concern because timely diagnosis and initiation of treatment can both optimise health outcomes and reduce transmission. We reviewed and evaluated interventions that aimed to increase HIV testing uptake in migrant populations. Of 6511 papers retrieved, 10 met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. Three types of interventions were identified (exposure to HIV prevention messages, HIV education programs, and direct offer of testing)...
July 14, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710446/the-movement-of-small-insects-in-the-convective-boundary-layer-linking-patterns-to-processes
#9
Charlotte E Wainwright, Phillip M Stepanian, Don R Reynolds, Andy M Reynolds
In fine warm weather, the daytime convective atmosphere over land areas is full of small migrant insects, among them serious pests (e.g. some species of aphid), but also many beneficial species (e.g. natural enemies of pests). For many years intensive aerial trapping studies were the only way of determining the density profiles of these small insects, and for taxon-specific studies trapping is still necessary. However, if we wish to determine generic behavioural responses to air movements shown by small day-migrating insects as a whole, the combination of millimetre-wavelength 'cloud radars' and Doppler lidar now provides virtually ideal instrumentation...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707009/differences-in-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-for-movers-and-stayers-in-new-zealand-a-survival-analysis
#10
Frances Darlington-Pollock, Nichola Shackleton, Paul Norman, Arier C Lee, Daniel Exeter
OBJECTIVES: To explore if risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) for participants who moved before their first CVD event is higher than for stayers, and examine whether the relationship is moderated by ethnicity. METHODS: The sample comprised 2,068,360 New Zealand residents enrolled in any Primary Health Organisation, aged between 30 and 84 years, had complete demographic information, and no prior history of CVD. Cox proportional regression was used to compare CVD risk between movers and stayers...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707008/lifestyle-differences-between-older-migrants-and-non-migrants-in-14-european-countries-using-propensity-score-matching-method
#11
Jelena Arsenijevic, Wim Groot
OBJECTIVES: We examine the differences in lifestyle between four groups of migrants-first generation of older migrants originating from one of the EU countries, Africa or the Middle East and second-generation older EU migrants-with non-migrants in their country of destination. METHODS: We use wave 5 of the SHARE data. To control for differences in socio-demographic characteristics, cultural factors and duration of stay in country of destination between migrants and non-migrants, we use propensity matching score analysis...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705268/description-and-factors-affecting-the-referral-of-presumptive-tuberculosis-patients-in-china
#12
Tao Li, Hui Zhang, Li Xia Wang, Yu Pang, Xin DU
To describe and analyze the factors affecting the referral of presumptive tuberculosis patients between health-care facilities that are not affiliated with the National TB Control Program (NTP) and NTP-designated medical facilities in China, we carried out a retrospective study based on data collected in the Tuberculosis Information Management System in 2015. Out of 324,221 presumptive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases reported by non-NTP health-care facilities, 302,006 (93.1%) reported cases successfully arrived at designated medical facilities and 22,215 cases (6...
June 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705192/medical-condition-and-care-of-undocumented-migrants-in-ambulatory-clinics-in-tel-aviv-israel-assessing-unmet-needs
#13
Zohar Mor, Yuval Raveh, Ido Lurie, Alex Leventhal, Roni Gamzu, Nadav Davidovitch, Orel Benari, Itamar Grotto
BACKGROUND: Approximately 150,000 undocumented migrants (UM) who are medically uninsured reside in Israel, including ~50,000 originating from the horn of Africa (MHA). Free medical-care is provided by two walk-in clinics in Tel-Aviv. This study aims to compare the medical complaints of UM from different origins, define their community health needs and assess gaps between medical needs and available services. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a random sample of 610 UM aged 18-64 years, who were treated in these community clinics between 2008 and 2011...
July 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705087/moving-backwards-moving-forward-the-experiences-of-older-filipino-migrants-adjusting-to-life-in-new-zealand
#14
Jed Montayre, Stephen Neville, Eleanor Holroyd
PURPOSE: To explore the experiences of older Filipino migrants adjusting to living permanently in New Zealand. METHOD: The qualitative descriptive approach taken in this study involved 17 individual face-to-face interviews of older Filipino migrants in New Zealand. RESULTS: Three main themes emerged from the data. The first theme was "moving backwards and moving forward", which described how these older Filipino migrants adjusted to challenges they experienced with migration...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704750/homing-pigeons-externally-exposed-to-deepwater-horizon-crude-oil-change-flight-performance-and-behavior
#15
Cristina R Perez, John K Moye, Dave Cacela, Karen M Dean, Chris A Pritsos
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was the largest in U.S. history, contaminating thousands of miles of coastal habitat and affecting the lives of many avian species. The Gulf of Mexico is a critical bird migration route area and migrants that were oiled but did not suffer mortality as a direct result of the spill faced unpredictable fates. This study utilized homing pigeons as a surrogate species for migratory birds to investigate the effects a single low level external oiling event has on the flight performance and behavior of birds flying repeated 161 km flights...
July 10, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704143/north-carolina-state-agencies-working-to-prevent-agricultural-injuries-and-illnesses
#16
Ricky Langley, Anne Hirsch, Regina Cullen, John Allran, Renee Woody, Derrick Bell
Over the past 25 years, the North Carolina Departments of Labor, Agriculture and Consumer Services, and Health and Human Services have worked with farmers, farmworkers, commodity and trade associations, universities, and cooperative extension agents to develop programs to decrease the occurrence of injuries and illnesses among agricultural workers and their families. The Bureau of Agricultural Safety and Health in the North Carolina Department of Labor helped craft the Migrant Housing Act, created the Gold Star program, and developed numerous projects promoting rural highway safety and farm safety...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704112/the-migration-mental-stress-and-tobacco-use-of-internal-migrants-in-china-the-moderating-effect-of-the-social-context-of-the-host-society
#17
Shenghua Xie
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on the relationship between mental stress and the tobacco use of internal migrants have not fully considered the social context of the host society. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine how mental stress influences cigarette smoking in internal migrants in China by considering the social context of the host society. METHODS: We used the RUMiC data that were collected in 15 cities distributed throughout 9 provinces of China...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702815/exploring-factors-influencing-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-migrant-communities-in-victoria-australia-a-qualitative-study
#18
Andre M N Renzaho, Julie Green, Ben J Smith, Michael Polonsky
Despite the availability of numerous obesity prevention initiatives in developed countries including Australia, rising childhood obesity levels have been found among migrant communities which contribute to widening obesity-related disparities in these countries. We sought to understand the factors influencing the participation of migrant communities in childhood obesity prevention initiatives. We conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews among 48 migrant parents from African, Middle Eastern, Indian and Vietnamese origins living in disadvantaged areas of Victoria, Australia to explore their views on childhood obesity and its prevention...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701563/experimental-evidence-of-human-recreational-disturbance-effects-on-bird-territory-establishment
#19
Yves Bötsch, Zulima Tablado, Lukas Jenni
The worldwide increase in human outdoor activities raises concerns for wildlife. Human disturbances, even at low levels, are likely to impact species during sensitive periods of the annual cycle. However, experimental studies during the putative sensitive period of territory establishment of birds which not only investigate low disturbance levels, but which also exclude the effect of habitat modification (e.g. walking trails) are lacking. Here, we experimentally disturbed birds in forest plots by walking through twice a day during territory establishment...
July 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701003/-the-impact-of-migration-background-on-health-results-of-the-austrian-health-interview-survey-athis-2014
#20
Anja Waxenegger, Hannes Mayerl, Éva Rásky, Erwin Stolz, Wolfgang Freidl
Objectives Previous research has shown migrants to have a poorer health status than those without a migration background in many respects. So far, it is not completely clear whether the poorer health results of migrants are mainly the cause of their socioeconomic status (SES), which on average is lower than the SES of people without a migration background. The present study explores the question whether the fact of having a migration background has an impact on health, even though SES and health-related behavior are taken into account...
July 12, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
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