keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Protein AND weight loss

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665478/developing-an-obesity-intervention-in-micronesia-from-needs-assessment-to-planning
#1
Ann Futterman Collier, Suzanne Daiss, Everlynn Temengil, Samantha Cody Russell, Julia Caroline Miller, Fumiana M Renguul
Evidence-based obesity reduction programs in the Pacific are scarce to nonexistent. Using a community-based participatory research model (CBPR) we developed a collaboration between our university and a small Pacific Island nation. We established an advisory council of local stakeholders and then conducted an extensive needs assessment with youth, parents, professionals, and lay public. Only 9% of participants had tried a weight loss program. There was a strong tendency to engage in binge-eating cycles; difficulty eating healthy during frequent community celebrations with few healthy food options available in general; and limited traditions that involved physical activity...
April 5, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663868/imaging-mass-spectrometry-of-endogenous-polypeptides-and-secondary-metabolites-from-galls-induced-by-root-knot-nematodes-in-tomato-roots
#2
Eder Alves Barbosa, Mauro Ferreira Bonfim Junior, Carlos Bloch, Thales Lima Rocha, Gilbert Engler, Janice de Almeida Engler
Nematodes are devastating pests that infect most cultivated plant species and cause considerable agricultural losses worldwide. The understanding of metabolic adjustments induced during plant-nematode interaction is crucial to generate resistant plants or to select more efficient molecules to fight against this pest. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) has been used herein for in situ detection and mapping endogenous polypeptides and secondary metabolites from nematode-induced gall tissue...
April 17, 2018: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662604/fr%C3%A3-quence-et-d%C3%A3-terminants-de-la-d%C3%A3-nutrition-post-op%C3%A3-ratoire-en-chirurgie-visc%C3%A3-rale-au-centre-national-hospitalier-et-universitaire-koutoucou-hubert-maga-cotonou-frequency-and-determinants-of-post-operative-undernutrition-in-patients-undergoing-visceral
#3
Adébayo Cossi Alassani, Adrien Montcho Hodonou, Albert Comlan Dovonou, Gaspard Dansou Gbessi, Séraphin Ahoui, Francis Moïse Dossou, Delphin Kouassi Mêhinto
This study aims to determine the frequency and identify the factors associated with undernutrition among patients undergoing visceral surgery in 2014. We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study over the period September 11, 2014-December 11, 2014. The study population comprised patients who had undergone visceral surgery at the National University Hospital Centre Koutoucou Hubert MAGA, Cotonou. Undernutrition is defined as a body mass index less than 18.5 kg/m2 . A total of 90 patients were included in the study, 57,78% (52 patients) were male...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662268/a-pediatric-case-of-pheochromocytoma-without-apparent-hypertension-associated-with-von-hippel-lindau-disease
#4
Junko Igaki, Akira Nishi, Takeshi Sato, Tomonobu Hasegawa
Pheochromocytomas are catecholamine-secreting tumors. These tumors are rare in children, and they may be associated with hereditary syndromes such as von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease. Most pediatric patients with pheochromocytoma present with sustained hypertension, while 10% to 69% of adult patients are asymptomatic. Herein, we present the case of a 12-yr-old Japanese girl with pheochromocytoma due to a germline mutation in the VHL (Arg161Gln). The only complaint was loss of weight. Pyrexia, anemia, and increases in C-reactive protein (CRP) and ferritin were observed...
2018: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660800/physicochemical-quality-fatty-acid-composition-and-sensory-analysis-of-nellore-steers-meat-fed-with-inclusion-of-condensed-tannin-in-the-diet
#5
Susana M Gesteira, Ronaldo L Oliveira, Thadeu M Silva, Rebeca D X Ribeiro, Cláudio V D M Ribeiro, Elzania S Pereira, Dante P D Lanna, Luis F B Pinto, Tiago C Rocha, Jusaline F Vieira, Leilson R Bezerra
This study was conducted to test the effect of dietary tannin on the fatty acid profile and sensory attributes of meat from Nellore steers. Thirty-two Nellore bull male were distributed in a completely randomized design and fed diets with condensed tannin extract as follows: 0, 10, 30, and 50 g/kg total DM basis. The physicochemical composition of the meat, lipid oxidation, fatty acid profile, flavor, tenderness, and overall acceptance were evaluated. There was a linear decrease (P ≤ 0.05) on lipid content, tenderness, cooking weight loss, myristic, palmitic, and oleic acids in meat as tannin increased in the diets...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659687/obesity-interventions-for-older-adults-diet-as-a-determinant-of-physical-function
#6
Connie W Bales, Kathryn N Porter Starr
Throughout the world, a high prevalence of obesity in older populations has created a new phenotype of frailty: the obese, functionally frail older adult. The convergence of the obesity epidemic with global graying will undoubtedly increase the prevalence of this concern. Barriers to treatment include ambiguities about the appropriate level of obesity that should trigger an intervention, due to age-related physiologic changes and a lack of consensus on specific criteria and cutoffs. Moreover, obesity interventions for this population have been limited by concerns about negative effects on lean mass, bone mineral density, and even mortality...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655696/syringin-prevents-bone-loss-in-ovariectomized-mice-via-traf6-mediated-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-stimulation-of-pi3k-akt
#7
Jingjing Liu, Zhuanzhuan Zhang, Qi Guo, Yanhong Dong, Qipeng Zhao, Xueqin Ma
BACKGROUND: Syringin, also called eleutheroside B, is a main bioactive phenolic glycoside in Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Harms. Based on the "kidney dominates bone" theory of TCM, A. senticosus can strengthen bone and Syringin may be one of the responsibilities. PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to estimate the osteoporotic activity of Syringin and reveal the possible molecular mechanisms in vivo. METHODS: Sixty female ICR mice were randomly assigned into sham operated group (SHAM, treated with vehicle) and five ovariectomized subgroups (n = 10 each), treated with vehicle as OVX group, estradiol valerate (EV, 1 mg/kg/day) as positive group, and Syringin (10, 20 and 40 mg/kg/day) as low, moderate and high dosage groups...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650969/akaps-pka-disruptors-increase-aqp2-activity-independently-of-vasopressin-in-a-model-of-nephrogenic-diabetes-insipidus
#8
Fumiaki Ando, Shuichi Mori, Naofumi Yui, Tetsuji Morimoto, Naohiro Nomura, Eisei Sohara, Tatemitsu Rai, Sei Sasaki, Yoshiaki Kondo, Hiroyuki Kagechika, Shinichi Uchida
Congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is characterized by the inability of the kidney to concentrate urine. Congenital NDI is mainly caused by loss-of-function mutations in the vasopressin type 2 receptor (V2R), leading to impaired aquaporin-2 (AQP2) water channel activity. So far, treatment options of congenital NDI either by rescuing mutant V2R with chemical chaperones or by elevating cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels have failed to yield effective therapies. Here we show that inhibition of A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs) binding to PKA increases PKA activity and activates AQP2 channels in cortical collecting duct cells...
April 12, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650413/taurine-protects-against-knee-osteoarthritis-development-in-experimental-rat-models
#9
Yiqun Bian, Meng Zhang, Kai Wang
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the complex diseases that affect a large population of the world. The aim of the current study was to explore the roles of taurine in OA rat models, and discover the related mechanisms. METHODS: OA rat models were established by anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) plus medial meniscus resection (MMx) surgery on the right knees. Secondary mechanical allodynia, weight-bearing alterations and knee joint width were evaluated before surgery and every two weeks after surgery...
April 9, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650350/loss-of-dorsomedial-hypothalamic-glp-1-signaling-reduces-bat-thermogenesis-and-increases-adiposity
#10
Shin J Lee, Graciela Sanchez-Watts, Jean-Philippe Krieger, Angelica Pignalosa, Puck N Norell, Alyssa Cortella, Klaus G Pettersen, Dubravka Vrdoljak, Matthew R Hayes, Scott Kanoski, Wolfgang Langhans, Alan G Watts
OBJECTIVE: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) neurons in the hindbrain densely innervate the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH), a nucleus strongly implicated in body weight regulation and the sympathetic control of brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis. Therefore, DMH GLP-1 receptors (GLP-1R) are well placed to regulate energy balance by controlling sympathetic outflow and BAT function. METHODS: We investigate this possibility in adult male rats by using direct administration of GLP-1 (0...
March 21, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649968/swimming-exercise-to-control-precocious-maturation-in-male-seabass-dicentrarchus-labrax
#11
Marco Graziano, Raul Benito, Josep V Planas, Arjan P Palstra
BACKGROUND: Male European seabass, already predominant (~ 70%) in cultured stocks, show a high incidence (20-30%) of precocious sexual maturation under current aquaculture practices, leading to important economic losses for the industry. In view of the known modulation of reproductive development by swimming exercise in other teleost species, we aimed at investigating the effects of sustained swimming on reproductive development in seabass males during the first year of life in order to determine if swimming could potentially reduce precocious sexual maturation...
April 12, 2018: BMC Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643928/effect-of-low-energy-diet-for-eight-weeks-to-adults-with-overweight-or-obesity-on-folate-retinol-vitamin-b-12-d-and-e-status-and-the-degree-of-inflammation-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-randomized-intervention-trial
#12
Nina Rica Wium Geiker, Mette Veller, Louise Kjoelbaek, Jette Jakobsen, Christian Ritz, Anne Raben, Arne Astrup, Janne Kunchel Lorenzen, Lesli H Larsen, Susanne Bügel
Background: Obesity is associated with vitamin insufficiency and low grade inflammation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of weight loss on folate, retinol, vitamin B12 , D and E status and the degree of inflammation. Methods: Out of 110, 85 individuals (75% women) aged 39 ± 11 years with a mean ± SD BMI of 33 ± 4 kg/m2 , completed an eight-week low energy diet (LED). Serum concentration of folate, retinol, B12 , D and E and C-reactive protein and homocysteine (Hcy) were measured at baseline and at end of the LED...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643508/aspm-knockout-ferret-reveals-an-evolutionary-mechanism-governing-cerebral-cortical-size
#13
Matthew B Johnson, Xingshen Sun, Andrew Kodani, Rebeca Borges-Monroy, Kelly M Girskis, Steven C Ryu, Peter P Wang, Komal Patel, Dilenny M Gonzalez, Yu Mi Woo, Ziying Yan, Bo Liang, Richard S Smith, Manavi Chatterjee, Daniel Coman, Xenophon Papademetris, Lawrence H Staib, Fahmeed Hyder, Joseph B Mandeville, P Ellen Grant, Kiho Im, Hojoong Kwak, John F Engelhardt, Christopher A Walsh, Byoung-Il Bae
The human cerebral cortex is distinguished by its large size and abundant gyrification, or folding. However, the evolutionary mechanisms that drive cortical size and structure are unknown. Although genes that are essential for cortical developmental expansion have been identified from the genetics of human primary microcephaly (a disorder associated with reduced brain size and intellectual disability) 1 , studies of these genes in mice, which have a smooth cortex that is one thousand times smaller than the cortex of humans, have provided limited insight...
April 11, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628040/-patterns-of-brain-ageing
#14
Carlos Fernández Viadero, Rosario Verduga Vélez, Dámaso Crespo Santiago
Neuroplasticity lends the brain a strong ability to adapt to changes in the environment that occur during ageing. Animal models have shown alterations in neurotransmission and imbalances in the expression of neural growth factor. Changes at the morphometric level are not constant. Volume loss is related to alterations in neuroplasticity and involvement of the cerebral neuropil. Although there are no conclusive data, physical exercise improves the molecular, biological, functional and behavioural-cognitive changes associated with brain ageing...
June 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625490/keratan-sulfate-phenotype-in-the-%C3%AE-1-3-n-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-7-null-mouse-cornea
#15
Stacy L Littlechild, Robert D Young, Bruce Caterson, Hideyuki Yoshida, Maya Yamazaki, Kenji Sakimura, Andrew J Quantock, Tomoya O Akama
Purpose: Synthesis of keratan sulfate (KS) relies on coordinated action of multiple enzymes, including the N-acetylglucosamine-transferring enzyme, β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-7 (β3GnT7). A mouse model deficient in β3GnT7 was developed to explore structural changes in KS and the extracellular matrix (ECM; i.e., the corneal stroma), elucidate the KS biosynthesis mechanism, and understand its role in corneal organization. Methods: A knockout vector for the β3GnT7-encoding gene, B3gnt7, was created to develop heterozygous- (htz) and homozygous-null (null) knockouts...
March 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625017/adipose-transcriptome-analysis-provides-novel-insights-into-molecular-regulation-of-prolonged-fasting-in-northern-elephant-seal-pups
#16
Bridget Martinez, Jane Khudyakov, Kim Rutherford, Daniel E Crocker, Neil Gemmell, Rudy M Ortiz
The physiological and cellular adaptations to extreme fasting in northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris, NES) are remarkable and may help to elucidate endocrine mechanisms that regulate lipid metabolism and energy homeostasis in mammals. Recent studies have highlighted the importance of thyroid hormones in the maintenance of a lipid-based metabolism during prolonged fasting in weaned NES pups. To identify additional molecular regulators of fasting, we used a transcriptomics approach to examine changes in global gene expression profiles before and after 6-8 weeks of fasting in weaned NES pups...
April 6, 2018: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624853/impact-of-salt-reduction-in-meals-consumed-during-hemodialysis-sessions-on-interdialytic-weight-gain-and-hemodynamic-stability
#17
Arthur Colson, Anita Brinkley, Philippe Braconnier, Nadia Ammor, Michel Burnier, Menno Pruijm
INTRODUCTION: Patients on hemodialysis (HD) are advised to limit daily water- and salt intake to reduce interdialytic weight gain (IDWG). To counterbalance protein-losses, protein-rich meals are sometimes provided during HD sessions, but their salt content is not always taken into account. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of a lower salt content of meals provided during HD sessions on IDWG, blood pressure (BP), and hemodynamic stability during dialysis. METHODS: This monocentric, interventional study was proposed to all the patients treated with three weekly HD sessions...
April 6, 2018: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619113/analysis-of-circulating-angiopoietin-like-protein-3-and-genetic-variants-in-lipid-metabolism-and-liver-health-the-diogenes-study
#18
Anne Lundby Hess, Jérôme Carayol, Trine Blædel, Jörg Hager, Alessandro Di Cara, Arne Astrup, Wim H M Saris, Lesli Hingstrup Larsen, Armand Valsesia
Background: Angiopoietin-like protein 3 (ANGPTL3), a liver-derived protein, plays an important role in the lipid and lipoprotein metabolism. Using data available from the DiOGenes study, we assessed the link with clinical improvements (weight, plasma lipid, and insulin levels) and changes in liver markers, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), adiponectin, fetuin A and B, and cytokeratin 18 (CK-18), upon low-calorie diet (LCD) intervention. We also examined the role of genetic variation in determining the level of circulating ANGPTL3 and the relation between the identified genetic markers and markers of hepatic steatosis...
2018: Genes & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618348/liraglutide-downregulates-hepatic-ldl-receptor-and-pcsk9-expression-in-hepg2-cells-and-db-db-mice-through-a-hnf-1a-dependent-mechanism
#19
Sheng-Hua Yang, Rui-Xia Xu, Chuan-Jue Cui, Yin Wang, Ying Du, Zhi-Guo Chen, Yu-Hong Yao, Chun-Yan Ma, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Yuan-Lin Guo, Na-Qiong Wu, Jing Sun, Bu-Xing Chen, Jian-Jun Li
BACKGROUND: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), a major regulator of cholesterol homeostasis, is associated with glucose metabolism. Liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, can increase insulin secretion in a glucose-dependent manner and lower blood glucose. We aimed to investigate the relationship between liraglutide and PCSK9. METHODS: At the cellular level, the expressions of PCSK9 and hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 alpha (HNF1α) protein in HepG2 cells stimulated by liraglutide was examined using Western blot...
April 4, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616429/the-different-faces-of-mass-action-in-virus-assembly
#20
Bart van der Holst, Willem K Kegel, Roya Zandi, Paul van der Schoot
The spontaneous encapsulation of genomic and non-genomic polyanions by coat proteins of simple icosahedral viruses is driven, in the first instance, by electrostatic interactions with polycationic RNA binding domains on these proteins. The efficiency with which the polyanions can be encapsulated in vitro, and presumably also in vivo, must in addition be governed by the loss of translational and mixing entropy associated with co-assembly, at least if this co-assembly constitutes a reversible process. These forms of entropy counteract the impact of attractive interactions between the constituents and hence they counteract complexation...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Biological Physics
keyword
keyword
14933
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"