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Pastoral care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810982/evaluation-of-the-validity-and-response-burden-of-patient-self-report-measures-of-the-pain-assessment-screening-tool-and-outcomes-registry-pastor
#1
Karon F Cook, Michael A Kallen, Chester Buckenmaier, Diane M Flynn, Steven R Hanling, Teresa S Collins, Kristin Joltes, Kyung Kwon, Sheila Medina-Torne, Parisa Nahavandi, Joshua Suen, Richard Gershon
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the Army Pain Management Task Force was chartered. On the basis of their findings, the Department of Defense recommended a comprehensive pain management strategy that included development of a standardized pain assessment system that would collect patient-reported outcomes data to inform the patient-provider clinical encounter. The result was the Pain Assessment Screening Tool and Outcomes Registry (PASTOR). The purpose of this study was to assess the validity and response burden of the patient-reported outcome measures in PASTOR...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793900/botanical-ethnoveterinary-therapies-used-by-agro-pastoralists-of-fafan-zone-eastern-ethiopia
#2
Teka Feyera, Endalkachew Mekonnen, Befekadu Urga Wakayo, Solomon Assefa
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, plant based remedies are still the most important and sometimes the only source of therapeutics in the management of livestock diseases. However, documentation of this indigenous knowledge of therapeutic system still remains at a minimum level. The aim of this study was, thus, to document the traditional knowledge of botanical ethnoveterinary therapies in the agro-pastoral communities of Fafan Zone, Eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: The study employed a cross-sectional participatory survey...
August 9, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770519/defining-the-context-for-best-practices-institutional-setting-for-clinical-pastoral-care-in-estonia
#3
Liidia Meel
The current article aims to offer an informational basis for creating an adaptable model of spiritual support provision for Estonian health care institutions. The study addresses Estonian medical staff's knowledge about and attitudes towards spiritual support. The data originate from a quantitative research conducted in 19 Estonian hospitals during 2015-2016. The results show a good will for interdisciplinary co-operation, and pastoral caregiver is expected to be a part of the staff. The fact that spiritual support is not financed by the state budget funds raises the question about explaining the benefits of spiritual support to the hospital's or clinic's management...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729407/long-term-stroke-risk-prediction-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-comparison-of-the-abc-stroke-and-cha2ds2-vasc-scores
#4
José Miguel Rivera-Caravaca, Vanessa Roldán, María Asunción Esteve-Pastor, Mariano Valdés, Vicente Vicente, Gregory Y H Lip, Francisco Marín
BACKGROUND: The ABC-stroke score (age, biomarkers [N-terminal fragment B-type natriuretic peptide, high-sensitivity troponin], and clinical history [prior stroke/transient ischemic attack]) was proposed to predict stroke in atrial fibrillation (AF). This score was derived/validated in 2 clinical trial cohorts in which patients with AF were highly selected and carefully followed-up. However, the median follow-up was 1.9 years in the trial cohort; therefore, its long-term predictive performance remains uncertain...
July 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725926/the-intensive-care-medicine-research-agenda-on-critically-ill-oncology-and-hematology-patients
#5
REVIEW
Elie Azoulay, Peter Schellongowski, Michael Darmon, Philippe R Bauer, Dominique Benoit, Pieter Depuydt, Jigeeshu V Divatia, Virginie Lemiale, Maarten van Vliet, Anne-Pascale Meert, Djamel Mokart, Stephen M Pastores, Anders Perner, Frédéric Pène, Peter Pickkers, Kathryn A Puxty, Francois Vincent, Jorge Salluh, Ayman O Soubani, Massimo Antonelli, Thomas Staudinger, Michael von Bergwelt-Baildon, Marcio Soares
Over the coming years, accelerating progress against cancer will be associated with an increased number of patients who require life-sustaining therapies for infectious or toxic chemotherapy-related events. Major changes include increased number of cancer patients admitted to the ICU with full-code status or for time-limited trials, increased survival and quality of life in ICU survivors, changing prognostic factors, early ICU admission for optimal monitoring, and use of noninvasive diagnostic and therapeutic strategies...
July 19, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694213/a-general-protocol-of-ultra-high-resolution-mr-angiography-to-image-the-cerebro-vasculature-in-6-different-rats-strains-at-high-field
#6
Géraldine Pastor, María Jiménez-González, Sandra Plaza-García, Marta Beraza, Daniel Padro, Pedro Ramos-Cabrer, Torsten Reese
BACKGROUND: Differences in the cerebro-vasculature among strains as well as individual animals might explain variability in animal models and thus, a non-invasive method tailored to image cerebral vessel of interest with high signal to noise ratio is required. NEW METHOD: Experimentally, we describe a new general protocol of three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography to visualize non-invasively the cerebral vasculature in 6 different rat strains...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673419/preservatives-in-personal-hygiene-and-cosmetic-products-topical-medications-and-household-cleaners-in-spain
#7
María Antonia Pastor-Nieto, Francisco Alcántara-Nicolás, Virginia Melgar-Molero, Raquel Pérez-Mesonero, Aránzazu Vergara-Sánchez, Adriana Martín-Fuentes, Patricia González-Muñoz, Ester de Eusebio-Murillo
INTRODUCTION: Preservatives are added to cosmetic, household cleaning, and other industrial products to prevent the growth of microorganisms. Unfortunately, exposure to these substances can cause sensitization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January and June 2015, we analyzed the ingredients of 2300 products commercially available in Spain to identify the frequency of a wide variety of preservatives in different product categories. We analyzed 1093 skin care and cosmetic products sold exclusively in pharmacies (dermocosmetics), 458 household cleaning and personal hygiene and cosmetic products sold in supermarkets, 636 topical medications, and 113 cosmetic products sold in a herbal shop...
June 30, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664462/factors-associated-with-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-medical-students-in-bahrain
#8
Zaid A Mahroon, Saif M Borgan, Charlotte Kamel, Wendy Maddison, Maeve Royston, Claire Donnellan
OBJECTIVES: Medical training can be a stressful experience and may negatively impact mental health for some students. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms among medical students in one international medical university in the Kingdom of Bahrain and to determine associations between these symptoms, the students' characteristics, and their satisfaction with life. METHODS: This is a cross sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire, distributed to 350 enrolled medical students...
June 29, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641833/glyoxal-and-methylglyoxal-as-urinary-markers-of-diabetes-determination-using-a-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-procedure-combined-with-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#9
M Pastor-Belda, A J Fernández-García, N Campillo, M D Pérez-Cárceles, M Motas, M Hernández-Córdoba, P Viñas
Glyoxal (GO) and methylglyoxal (MGO) are α-oxoaldehydes that can be used as urinary diabetes markers. In this study, their levels were measured using a sample preparation procedure based on salting-out assisted liquid-liquid extraction (SALLE) and dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The effect of the derivatization reaction with 2,3-diaminonaphthalene, the addition of acetonitrile and sodium chloride to urine, and the DLLME step using the acetonitrile extract as dispersant solvent and carbon tetrachloride as extractant solvent were carefully optimized...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637140/intimate-partner-violence-in-women-with-disabilities-perception-of-healthcare-and-attitudes-of-health-professionals
#10
Isabel Ruiz-Pérez, Guadalupe Pastor-Moreno, Vicenta Escribà-Agüir, Gracia Maroto-Navarro
PURPOSE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major social problem and public health issue, but we still have a relatively small amount of data about partner violence in women with disabilities. The main objective of this study was to understand the experiences of women with disabilities who are or have been abused by their partners and to explore the knowledge, views and training requirements of primary care professionals. METHOD: Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with women with disabilities who had experienced IPV (n = 14), and focus groups with healthcare professionals (n = 16)...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636455/the-role-of-the-healthcare-chaplain-a-literature-review
#11
Fiona Timmins, Sílvia Caldeira, Maryanne Murphy, Nicolas Pujol, Greg Sheaf, Elizabeth Weathers, Jacqueline Whelan, Bernadette Flanagan
Healthcare chaplains operate in many healthcare sites internationally and yet their contribution is not always clearly understood by medical and healthcare staff. This review aims to explore the chaplains' role in healthcare, with a view to informing best practice in future healthcare chaplaincy. Overall the extent of the provision and staffing of chaplaincy service internationally is unclear. From this review, several key spiritual and pastoral roles in healthcare emerge including a potential contribution to ethical decision making at the end of life...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618890/the-journal-of-pastoral-care-counseling-quiz-june-2017-continuing-education-quiz
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618886/emotional-sequelae-of-elective-abortion-the-role-of-guilt-and-shame
#13
Donna Krupkin Whitney
Although estimates vary, many women experience long-term emotional, spiritual, psychological and interpersonal difficulties following abortion, including complicated grief, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and relationship disturbances. Developmental, drive, object-relations and narcissism models for perinatal loss also illuminate the dynamics of post-abortion syndromes. Guilt and shame play important roles in generating and concealing post-abortion sequelae. Pastoral care and healthcare providers can increase their awareness of post-abortion sequelae and provide effective care for women experiencing these syndromes...
June 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614997/resilience-based-diabetes-self-management-education-perspectives-from-african-american-participants-community-leaders-and-healthcare-providers
#14
H Matthew Lehrer, Susan K Dubois, Sharon A Brown, Mary A Steinhardt
Purpose The purpose of this qualitative, focus group study was to further refine the Resilience-based Diabetes Self-management Education (RB-DSME) recruitment process and intervention, build greater trust in the community, and identify strategies to enhance its sustainability as a community-based intervention in African American church settings. Methods Six 2-hour focus groups (N = 55; 10 men and 45 women) were led by a trained moderator with a written guide to facilitate discussion. Two sessions were conducted with individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who participated in previous RB-DSME pilot interventions and their family members, two sessions with local church leaders, and two sessions with community healthcare providers who care for patients with T2DM...
August 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578216/barriers-to-access-to-education-for-young-people-with-epilepsy-in-northern-tanzania-a-qualitative-interview-and-focus-group-study-involving-teachers-parents-and-young-people-with-epilepsy
#15
Charlotte Quereshi, Holly C Standing, Amina Swai, Ewan Hunter, Richard Walker, Stephen Owens
OBJECTIVE: Educational outcomes for young people with epilepsy (YPE) in Hai District, Tanzania, are poor, as is commonly observed elsewhere in Sub-Saharan Africa. The reasons for this finding are not well understood, though stigma arising from supernatural concepts of epilepsy is frequently cited as a barrier to YPE accessing education. In this study, we aimed to explore the reasons why many YPE in Tanzania experience poor access to education, and elicit ways in which education could be improved for YPE according to teachers, parents and YPE...
July 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562257/smoke-free-legislation-in-spain-and-prematurity
#16
Lorena Simón, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso, Elena Boldo, Rafael Fernández-Cuenca, Cristina Ortiz, Cristina Linares, María José Medrano, Iñaki Galán
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Spain implemented a partial smoking ban in 2006 followed by a comprehensive ban in 2011. The objective was to examine the association between these smoke-free policies and different perinatal complications. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including all live births between 2000 and 2013. Selected adverse birth outcomes were: preterm births (<37 gestational weeks), small for gestational age (SGA; <10th weight percentile according to Spanish reference tables), and low birth weight (<2500 g)...
June 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535117/evaluation-of-a-chaplain-residency-program-and-its-partnership-with-an-in-patient-palliative-care-team
#17
Elizabeth Jackson-Jordan, Cynthia Stafford, Sara V Stratton, TeresaMarie T Vilagos, Angela Janssen Keenan, Greg Hathaway
In 2009 a Consensus Conference of experts in the field of spiritual care and palliative care recommended the inclusion of Board-certified professional chaplains with at least 1,600 hours of clinical pastoral education as members of palliative care teams. This study evaluates a clinical pastoral education residency program's effectiveness in preparing persons to provide spiritual care for those with serious illness and in increasing the palliative care team members' understanding of the chaplain as part of the palliative care team...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522232/efficacy-of-new-measures-saving-time-in-acute-stroke-management-a-quantified-analysis
#18
Ana María Iglesias Mohedano, Andrés García Pastor, Fernando Díaz Otero, Pilar Vázquez Alen, Marta Vales Montero, Elisa Luque Buzo, Nuria Redondo Ráfales, Beatriz Chavarria Cano, Yolanda Fernández Bullido, Jose Antonio Villanueva Osorio, Antonio Gil Núñez
BACKGROUND: Time to treatment remains the most important factor in acute ischemic stroke prognosis. We quantified the effect of new interventions reducing in-hospital delays in acute stroke management and assessed its repercussion on door-to-imaging (DTI), imaging-to-needle (ITN), and door-to-needle (DTN) times. METHODS: Prospective registry of consecutive stroke patients who were candidates for reperfusion therapy attended in a tertiary care hospital from February 1 to December 31, 2014...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506569/-identifying-potentially-inappropriate-prescriptions-in-patients-over-65-years-old-using-original-beers-criteria-and-their-spanish-adaptation
#19
Josep Pastor Cano, Ana Aranda García, Juan José Gascón Cánovas, José Francisco Sánchez Ruiz, Víctor José Rausell Rausell, Mariana Tobaruela Soto
OBJECTIVE: To compare the detection of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) using the original Beers criteria, a global reference for evaluating prescriptions in the elderly, and their Spanish version. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study LOCATION: A Primary Care area in the province of Murcia, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 7,856 subjects aged 65 and over, with at least one drug prescribed in a Primary Care Area of Spain during study period...
May 13, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506226/institutional-delivery-service-utilization-and-associated-factors-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-the-mobile-pastoral-community-of-the-liban-district-in-guji-zone-oromia-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Wako Golicha Wako, Dejene Hailu Kassa
BACKGROUND: Globally, an estimated 289,000 maternal deaths occurred in 2013. Majority of these deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia. Mobility of pastoralists is a well-recognized survival strategy in arid and semi-arid land of sub-Saharan Africa. However governments often encourage settlement as a solution to the difficulty of providing health services for mobile pastoralists. This study aimed to assess utilization of institutional delivery and associated factors among women of reproductive age in the mobile pastoral community of the Liban District in Guji zone, Oromia, Ethiopia...
May 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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