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Pastoral care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397759/familial-silence-surrounding-hiv-and-non-disclosure-of-hiv-status-to-older-children-and-adolescents
#1
Grace McHugh, Victoria Simms, Chido Dziva Chikwari, Hilda Mujuru, Kusum Nathoo, Prosper Chonzi, Shungu Munyati, Ethel Dauya, Tsitsi Bandason, Joanna Busza, Rashida A Ferrand
Increasing numbers of children with HIV are surviving to adolescence and beyond, many of whom are orphaned. Disclosure of childrens' and adolescents' HIV status has been shown to improve adherence and retention in HIV treatment programmes. We investigated caregiving arrangements and intra-familial experience of HIV and its relationship to HIV disclosure to older children and adolescents. Children aged 6-15 years, newly diagnosed with HIV infection or previously diagnosed but not engaged in HIV care, were recruited from seven primary care clinics in Harare, Zimbabwe...
February 4, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378636/traditional-uses-of-medicinal-plants-used-by-indigenous-communities-for-veterinary-practices-at-bajaur-agency-pakistan
#2
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Amir Hasan Khan, Muhammad Adnan, Habib Ullah
BACKGROUND: The pastoral lifestyle of Indigenous communities of Bajaur Agency is bringing them close to natural remedies for treating their domestic animals. Several studies have been conducted across the globe describing the importance of traditional knowledge in veterinary care. Therefore, this study was planned with the aim to record knowledge on ethnoveterinary practices from the remote areas and share sit with other communities through published literature. METHODS: Data was gathered from community members through semi-structured interviews and analyzed through informant consensus factor (Fic) to evaluate the consent of current ethnoveterinary practices among the local people...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290556/african-american-church-engagement-in-the-hiv-care-continuum
#3
Jennifer M Stewart, Hyejeong Hong, Terrinieka W Powell
Providing comprehensive services across the HIV care continuum through African American churches may improve HIV treatment outcomes for African Americans. We explored the feasibility of a church-led HIV care program in six churches in Baltimore, Maryland. Church leaders (n = 57) participated in focus groups and eight pastors participated in interviews. Data were analyzed by qualitative hybrid thematic analysis. Findings revealed eight themes: four themes were related to linkage to care: being unaware of community resources, concerns about HIV-associated regulations, ongoing personalized contact with HIV-infected persons, and desire for integration of spiritual education; four themes were related to HIV care and support services, including existing church infrastructure, provision of HIV support groups, using the church as an HIV care resource hub, and prevention education for uninfected people...
November 22, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284277/-life-within-the-person-comes-to-the-fore-pastoral-workers-practice-wisdom-on-using-arts-in-palliative-care
#4
Clare O'Callaghan, Libby Byrne, Eleni Cokalis, David Glenister, Margaret Santilli, Rose Clark, Therese McCarthy, Natasha Michael
BACKGROUND: Pastoral care (also chaplaincy, spiritual care) assists people to find meaning, personal resources, and connection with self, others, and/or a higher power. Although essential in palliative care, there remains limited examination of what pastoral workers do. This study examined how pastoral workers use and consider the usefulness of art-based modalities. METHODS: Qualitative research was used to examine the practice wisdom (tacit practice knowledge) of pastoral workers experienced in using visual arts and music in palliative care...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229194/-gender-identity-a-factor-of-inequality-forgotten-by-spanish-health-information-systems
#5
Christian Gil-Borrelli, César Velasco, Marc Martí-Pastor, Pello Latasa
The Spanish Health Information System (HIS) collects health information. Trans people have poorer health status. This paper aimed to assess the adequacy of the HIS to collect the health data on trans individuals. The HIS sources available in the Statistical Portal of the National Health System were reviewed. The sources containing population health data were selected. The variables "sex" and "gender identity" were searched. Nineteen sources were identified. In all of them the variable "sex" was found, whereas "gender identify" did not appear in any of the 19...
December 8, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228510/left-behind-and-left-out-the-impact-of-the-school-environment-on-young-people-with-continence-problems
#6
Katie Whale, Helen Cramer, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of the secondary school environment on young people with continence problems. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative semi-structured interviews. METHODS: We interviewed 20 young people aged 11-19 years (11 female and nine male) with continence problems (daytime wetting, bedwetting, and/or soiling). Interviews were conducted by Skype (n = 11) and telephone (n = 9). Transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis...
December 11, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224526/handling-stereotypes-of-religious-professionals-strategies-hospice-chaplains-use-when-interacting-with-patients-and-families
#7
Kristin Lindholm
Stereotypes of religious professionals can create barriers for those who provide spiritual/pastoral care. Through interviews and journal entries, hospice chaplains ( n = 45) identified the following stereotypes that affected their work: chaplains as people whom others try to impress, who only talk about spiritual and religious topics, who are male, and who try to convert others. Participants reported using a variety of communication strategies to counteract stereotypes and make meaningful connections with the people they serve...
December 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224522/the-journal-of-pastoral-care-counseling-quiz
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224521/towards-a-faith-based-understanding-of-moral-injury
#9
Marek S Kopacz, Courtney Ducharme, David Ani, Ahmet Atlig
In recent years, the issue of moral injury (MI) has garnered considerable attention, especially as related to the military experiences of Service Members and Veterans. This brief communication is intended to provide an overview of Christian, Jewish, and Islamic understandings of MI. The intent is to draw attention to a faith-based etiology for MI, thereby facilitating dialogue and discussion on the relevance of spiritual and pastoral care to supporting those affected by MI.
December 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224520/the-role-of-the-pastoral-practitioner-in-health-outcomes-and-wellbeing-during-acute-illness-exploring-the-patient-experience-of-a-pastoral-visit
#10
Janie Brown, Jennifer Gardner
The role of the pastoral practitioner is embedded in many health care services and organizations. Despite this, there is little evidence to describe the impact of this role on patient outcomes, in particular how visits by a pastoral practitioner influence patient healing and recovery. This paper describes a small study that explored the patient experience of pastoral practitioner visits in an acute care facility.
December 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198094/-from-pastoral-care-to-spiritual-care-transforming-the-conception-of-the-role-of-the-spiritual-care-provider
#11
REVIEW
Michael Schultz, Netta Bentur, Ziv Rei Koren, Gil Bar Sela
Spirituality is a difficult concept to define, one that is often understood differently by different cultures and religious communities. Illness constitutes a dramatic change in the ongoing flow and norms of a person's life, raising questions of the value or meaning of life, questions of self-worth, and questions of forgiveness, to ourselves and others. The profession of spiritual care comes to provide support in these areas. Originally focused on religious care, the profession has shifted to providing care for general spiritual well-being, where professionals care for all patients regardless of religion...
November 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195689/-primary-care-and-detection-of-colorectal-cancer
#12
Mercè Marzo Castillejo, Joaquín Cubiella Fernández, Juanjo Mascort Roca, Ana Pastor Rodriguez-Moñino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175225/-pastoral-practices-for-quality-improvement-in-a-kenyan-clinical-network
#13
Gerry McGivern, Jacinta Nzinga, Mike English
We explain social and organisational processes influencing health professionals in a Kenyan clinical network to implement a form of quality improvement (QI) into clinical practice, using the concept of 'pastoral practices'. Our qualitative empirical case study, conducted in 2015-16, shows the way practices constructing and linking local evidence-based guidelines and data collection processes provided a foundation for QI. Participation in these constructive practices gave network leaders pastoral status to then inscribe use of evidence and data into routine care, through championing, demonstrating, supporting and mentoring, with the support of a constellation of local champions...
November 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174704/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-approach-to-the-hypertensive-crisis
#14
REVIEW
Guillermo Arbe, Irene Pastor, Jonathan Franco
High blood pressure is a problem with elevated prevalence in the world population. The acute forms of presentation are "hypertensive crises," which represent a frequent cause for emergency room and primary care consultations. Hypertensive crises are divided into hypertensive emergencies and hypertensive urgencies, depending on whether or not there is acute damage to the target organ, respectively. Each situation has a different prognosis and treatment. More specifically, hypertensive emergencies are potentially serious and usually require rapid reductions in blood pressure, whereas hypertensive urgencies can be treated as outpatients by reducing blood pressure in hours or days...
November 24, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169963/-effectiveness-of-an-assessment-of-computerised-medical-records-in-a-university-hospital
#15
A Conesa González, X Pastor Duran, R Lozano-Rubí
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate a sample of electronic medical records (EMR) that was sufficiently representative of the different areas of care in a university hospital, as well as to verify the effectiveness of an initial intervention through a second evaluation. METHODS: Medical records audits were performed in 2012 and 2013 by a blind peer review of random samples of care episodes, proportional to the activity of each clinical department, and with the same evaluation method being applied to all of them...
November 20, 2017: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155963/generating-modelling-data-from-repeat-dose-toxicity-reports
#16
Oriol López-Massaguer, Kevin Pinto-Gil, Ferran Sanz, Alexander Amberg, Lennart T Anger, Manuela Stolte, Carlo Ravagli, Philippe Marc, Manuel Pastor
Over the past decades, pharmaceutical companies have conducted a large number of high quality in vivo repeat-dose toxicity (RDT) studies for regulatory purposes. As part of the eTOX project, a high number of these studies have been compiled and integrated into a database. This valuable resource can be queried directly, but it can be further exploited to build predictive models. As the studies were originally conducted to investigate the properties of individual compounds, the experimental conditions across the studies are highly heterogeneous...
November 16, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116580/extending-awareness-of-catholic-healthcare-ethics-among-junior-clinicians-a-qualitative-study
#17
Clare O'Callaghan, Julia Trimboli, Xavier Symons, Margaret Staples, Emma Patterson, Natasha Michael
As Catholic healthcare organizations form a substantive part of healthcare delivery in the USA and Australia, ethical standards for Catholic health care were developed to guide practice. This study examined junior staff's understanding of Catholic ethics. Using a qualitative descriptive design, we recruited 22 medical and nursing staff to interviews/focus groups. Though Catholic ethics seldom informed ethical approaches, the principles were acknowledged as being useful to support development of confident and respectful care approaches...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095205/guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-critical-illness-related-corticosteroid-insufficiency-circi-in-critically-ill-patients-part-ii-society-of-critical-care-medicine-sccm-and-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine-esicm-2017
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090327/guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-critical-illness-related-corticosteroid-insufficiency-circi-in-critically-ill-patients-part-ii-society-of-critical-care-medicine-sccm-and-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine-esicm-2017
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047417/levosimendan-for-patients-with-severely-reduced-left-ventricular-systolic-function-and-or-low-cardiac-output-syndrome-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Filippo Sanfilippo, Joshua B Knight, Sabino Scolletta, Cristina Santonocito, Federico Pastore, Ferdinando L Lorini, Luigi Tritapepe, Andrea Morelli, Antonio Arcadipane
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown beneficial effects of levosimendan in high-risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Two large randomized controlled trials (RCTs), however, showed no advantages of levosimendan. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis (MEDLINE and Embase from inception until March 30, 2017), investigating whether levosimendan offers advantages compared with placebo in high-risk cardiac surgery patients, as defined by preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 35% and/or low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS)...
October 19, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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