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Contact lens

Marcus Ang, Yijun Cai, Anna C S Tan
Purpose. To describe a novel technique of adapting a swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) to image corneal vascularization. Methods. In this pilot cross-sectional study, we obtained 3 × 3 mm scans, where 100,000 A-scans are acquired per second with optical axial resolution of 8 μm and lateral resolution of 20 μm. This was performed with manual "XYZ" focus without the anterior segment lens, until the focus of the corneoscleral surface was clearly seen and the vessels of interest were in focus on the corresponding red-free image...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Ling C Huang, Mercedes Salvador-Silva, Ronika S Leang
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate correlations among in vitro assays used for assessing cytotoxicity of contact lens multipurpose solution (MPS) and propose the use of multiple assays as a part of preclinical evaluation for MPS biocompatibility assessment. METHODS: The effect of four different MPSs on cell cytotoxicity, metabolic activity, and membrane integrity was performed by evaluating toxicity, expression of tight junction protein zonula occludens-1, and transepithelial electrical resistance in human corneal epithelial cells and Chinese hamster fibroblasts cells...
October 3, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
Beata Bergler-Czop, Monika Bilewicz-Stebel, Anna Stańkowska, Teresa Bilewicz-Wyrozumska
Retinoids are compounds chemically related to vitamin A, which are frequently used in dermatological practice (1). They are characterized by numerous mechanisms of action leading to normalization of keratinocyte proliferation and maturation. They have anti-seborrhoeic, immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects (1, 2). A number of side effects to retinoid treatment have been recorded; one group of such side effects relates to eyes and vision. Dry eye syndrome and blepharoconjunctivitis are the most common side effects, appearing in 20-50 % of patients treated with retinoids...
December 1, 2016: Acta Pharmaceutica
Eon Kim, Ravi C Bakaraju, Klaus Ehrmann
PURPOSE: To evaluate the optical power profiles of commercially available soft multifocal contact lenses and compare their optical designs. METHODS: The power profiles of 38 types of multifocal contact lenses-three lenses each-were measured in powers +6D, +3D, +1D, -1D, -3D, and -6D using NIMO TR1504 (Lambda-X, Belgium). All lenses were measured in phosphate buffered saline across 8 mm optic zone diameter. Refractive index of each lens material was measured using CLR 12-70 (Index Instruments, UK), which was used for converting measured power in the medium to in-air radial power profiles...
September 29, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Andre Childs, Hao Li, Daniella M Lewittes, Biqin Dong, Wenzhong Liu, Xiao Shu, Cheng Sun, Hao F Zhang
Contact lenses are increasingly used in laboratories for in vivo animal retinal imaging and pre-clinical studies. The lens shapes often need modification to optimally fit corneas of individual test subjects. However, the choices from commercially available contact lenses are rather limited. Here, we report a flexible method to fabricate customized hydrogel contact lenses. We showed that the fabricated hydrogel is highly transparent, with refractive indices ranging from 1.42 to 1.45 in the spectra range from 400 nm to 800 nm...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
A Thakar
BACKGROUND: Laboratory experiments indicate that changes in retinal image size result in adaptive recalibration or suppression of the vestibulo-ocular reflex. Myopia correction with spectacles or contact lenses also leads to retinal image size changes, and may bring about similar vestibulo-ocular reflex alterations. METHODS: A hypothesis-generating preliminary investigation was conducted. In this cross-sectional study, findings of electronystagmography including bithermal caloric testing were compared between 17 volunteer myopes using spectacles or contact lenses and 17 volunteer emmetropes (with no refractive error)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Vicente Compañ, Marcel Aguilella-Arzo, Timothy B Edrington, Barry A Weissman
PURPOSE: The main goal of this current work is to use an updated calculation paradigm, and updated boundary conditions, to provide theoretical guidelines to assist the clinician whose goal is to improve his or her scleral gas permeable (GP) contact lens wearing patients' anterior corneal oxygen supply. METHODS: Our model uses a variable value of corneal oxygen consumption developed through Monod equations that disallows negative oxygen tensions within the stroma to predict oxygen tension at the anterior corneal surface of scleral GP contact lens wearing eyes, and to describe oxygen tension and flux profiles, for various boundary conditions, through the lens, tears, and cornea...
October 12, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Ali Kal, Mustafa Ilker Toker, Serpil Kaya
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of widely used multipurpose contact lens solutions against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, in addition to cystic and trophozoite forms of Acanthamoeba castellanii and A. polyphaga, that cause microbial keratitis. METHODS: Three multipurpose solutions were tested: SOLO-care, ReNu, and Opti-Free Express. The test solutions were challenged with P. aeruginosa (ATCC 27853) and S. aureus (ATCC 2913) based on the ISO stand-alone and regiment test procedure for disinfecting products, A...
October 13, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Olof Sterner, Rudolf Aeschlimann, Stefan Zürcher, Kathrine Osborn Lorenz, Joseph Kakkassery, Nicholas D Spencer, Samuele G P Tosatti
Purpose: To characterize the effect of lubricant composition and in vitro ageing on the coefficient of friction (CoF) of a wide range of commercially available soft contact lenses (SCLs). Methods: The CoF of SCLs was characterized by means of microtribometry against a mucin-coated glass disk. One reusable (RU) silicone-hydrogel (SiHy) lens, senofilcon A, and two daily disposable (DD) lenses, etafilcon A (hydrogel) and nelfilcon A (hydrogel), were tested under different lubricant solutions, including a tear-like fluid (TLF) containing proteins and lipids...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Akilesh Gokul, Dipika V Patel, Grant A Watters, Charles N J McGhee
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine if significant progression of disease occurs in older, non-contact lens wearing, subjects with keratoconus and to identify potential predictive factors. METHODS: Clinical and computerised corneal topography records of subjects with keratoconus attending a specialist optometry practice were retrospectively analysed to identify those aged ≥30 years, with ≥2 consultations ≥12 months apart, no contact lens wear and no corneal scarring, surgery or corneal hydrops...
October 11, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Nazlee Zebardast, Srinivasan Kavitha, Palaniswamy Krishnamurthy, David S Friedman, Monisha E Nongpiur, Tin Aung, Harry A Quigley, Pradeep Y Ramulu, Rengaraj Venkatesh
PURPOSE: To compare anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) angle morphology before and after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) in a cohort of South Indian subjects with primary angle-closure suspect (PACS) or primary angle-closure/primary angle-closure glaucoma (PAC/PACG) and to examine baseline parameters associated with angle widening. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 244 subjects aged ≥30 years with PACS or PAC/PACG in at least 1 eye...
October 7, 2016: Ophthalmology
Winai Chaidaroon, Sumet Supalaset
PURPOSE: To describe corneal ring infiltrates caused by Serratia marcescens in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) who wore contact lenses. METHODS: A case study of a patient with keratitis due to an infection caused by S. marcescens and exhibiting corneal ring infiltrates was reviewed for history, clinical manifestation, microscopic study, and management. RESULTS: A 29-year-old man who had a history of contact lens wear and HIV-1 infection was admitted to hospital because of blurred vision, redness, and corneal infiltrates in the shape of a ring in the left eye...
May 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Sang-Mok Lee, Hyuk Jin Choi, Heejin Choi, Mee Kum Kim, Won Ryang Wee
: BACKGROUND: Though the development and fitting of scleral contact lenses are expanding steadily, there is no simple method to provide scleral metrics for scleral contact lens fitting yet. The aim of this study was to establish formulae for estimation of the axial radius of curvature (ARC) of the anterior sclera using ocular biometric parameters that can be easily obtained with conventional devices. METHODS: A semi-automated stitching method and a computational analysis tool for calculating ARC were developed by using the ImageJ and MATLAB software...
October 7, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Jun Shimazaki, Chika Shigeyasu, Yumiko Saijo-Ban, Murat Dogru, Seika Den
BACKGROUND: To assess the efficacy of bandage contact lens (BCL) application to promote epithelialization and alleviate pain following corneal transplantation. METHODS: Twenty-six consecutive patients who underwent corneal transplantation were randomly assigned to undergo BCL application (BCL group, n = 14) or no BCL application (control group, n = 12) at the end of the surgery. Corneal epithelialization was analyzed by photography using fluorescein staining, and ocular pain was measured using a visual analog scale...
October 6, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
R Ledesma-Alonso, E Raphaël, L Léger, F Restagno, C Poulard
We report on the elastic contact between a spherical lens and a patterned substrate, composed of a hexagonal lattice of cylindrical pillars. The stress field and the size of the contact area are obtained by means of numerical methods: a superposition method of discrete pressure elements and an iterative bisection-like method. For small indentations, a transition from a Hertzian to a soft-flat-punch behaviour is observed when the surface fraction of the substrate that is covered by the pillars is increased. In particular, we present a master curve defined by two dimensionless parameters, which allows one to predict the stress at the centre of the contact region in terms of the surface fraction occupied by pillars...
September 2016: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Evgeny Kushnerev, Susan G Shawcross, Shankari Sothirachagan, Fiona Carley, Arun Brahma, Julian M Yates, M Chantal Hillarby
Purpose: The corneal epithelium is sloughed off surface of the eye by the action of blinking and is continually replaced by division and maturation of the limbal stem cells (LSCs). In the case of injury or disease, LSCs can be lost or damaged to a point at which the corneal epithelial layer is no longer maintained. leading to LSC deficiencies (LSCDs). When this occurs, the opaque conjunctiva overgrows the anterior surface of the eye, leading to vision impairment or loss. Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) are promising candidates as autologous LSC substitutes...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Nery García-Porta, Laura Rico-Del-Viejo, Alba Martin-Gil, Gonzalo Carracedo, Jesus Pintor, José Manuel González-Méijome
Purpose. To compare the ocular surface symptoms and signs in an adult population of silicone-hydrogel (Si-Hy) contact lens (CL) wearers with another modality of CL wear, overnight orthokeratology (OK). Materials and Methods. This was a prospective and comparative study in which 31 myopic subjects were fitted with the same Si-Hy CL and 23 underwent OK treatment for 3 months. Dry eye questionnaire (DEQ) was filled in at the beginning of the study and then after 15 days, 1 month, and 3 months using each CL modality...
2016: BioMed Research International
Fateme Alipour, Mojgan Letafatnejad, Amir Hooshang Beheshtnejad, Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Seyed Reza Ghaffary, Narges Hassanpoor, Mehdi Yaseri
Purpose. To evaluate the difference in biomechanical properties between contact lens induced corneal warpage and normal and keratoconic eyes. Method. Prospective observational case control study, where 94 eyes of 47 warpage suspicious and 46 eyes of 23 keratoconic patients were included. Warpage suspected cases were followed until a definite diagnosis was made (warpage, normal, or keratoconus). Results. 44 eyes of 22 patients had contact lens related corneal warpage. 46 eyes of 23 people were diagnosed as nonwarpage normal eyes...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Mohammad Pakravan, Azam Alvani, Hamed Esfandiari, Elham Ghahari, Mehdi Yaseri
Trabeculectomy is the most common surgical procedure for the management of glaucoma, which may significantly influence ocular biometry. Axial length and anterior chamber depth tend to decrease, while crystalline lens and choroidal thickness increase post-operatively. An increase in with-the-rule astigmatism is also observed after the procedure. Such biometric changes affect intraocular lens power calculation even years after the procedure. Non-contact biometric methods and postponing cataract surgery after trabeculectomy could reduce calculation errors associated with surgically induced alterations in ocular biometrics...
September 29, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
Jeffrey M Goshe, Sean Platt, Gabrielle Yeaney, Arun D Singh
PURPOSE: To report a case of nonresolving lymphangiectasia haemorrhagica conjunctivae (LHC) successfully treated with surgical drainage. METHODS: Retrospective case report. RESULTS: A 17-year-old white girl presented with a history of a large red lesion affecting her right eye. Approximately 1 year earlier, she had noticed a small painless "red spot" affecting the inferior aspect of the conjunctiva of her right eye. Three months before presentation, she noticed a sudden increase in the size of the lesion...
September 28, 2016: Cornea
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