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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636161/infinity-sperm-storage-the-gift-that-keeps-on-giving
#1
Gauthier Schang, Beatriz Fernandez-Fuertes, Samantha C Lean, Alexandra L Nguyen, Osvaldo Bogado Pascottini
Female Drosophila retain sperm for up to two weeks post-copulation in a network of storage organs includng the bursa, the seminal receptacle, and the spermathecae. This image shows the seminal receptacle of a Drosophila melanogaster female, 2-hrs post-copulation between a LHM (wild-type) female with a Protamine B (green), β-Tubulin (blue) fluorescently tagged male, whose sperm can be visualized within the female. This 'infinity' structure of the seminal receptacle resembles the tubular coil that allows for the storage of very long sperm relative to female body size -up to 20 times the length of the female in some Drosophila species...
June 21, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632447/in-hospital-breastfeeding-experiences-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#2
Reena Oza-Frank, Erica P Gunderson
BACKGROUND: In-hospital experiences among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) could impact breastfeeding success. We sought (1) to determine changes in the prevalence of hospital breastfeeding experiences between 2004-2008 and 2009-2011 among women with GDM and women without diabetes; (2) to determine whether GDM is associated with higher occurrence of experiencing Baby-Friendly hospital practices because of their known higher rates of breastfeeding difficulties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the 2004 to 2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, a survey of women with a recent live birth from 16 states and New York City, were used based on inclusion of an optional survey question about hospital breastfeeding experiences...
June 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630582/doubly-disadvantaged-the-relative-age-effect-in-poland-s-basketball-players
#3
Krystian Rubajczyk, Kamil Świerzko, Andrzej Rokita
The aim of this study was to identify the relative age effect (RAE) in young Polish male (n = 3849) and female (n = 3419) basketball players aged 14 to 22 years competing in the elite games of the Polish Youth Championships. The distribution of birth dates, body height, players' match statistics, and the results of teams participating in championships were identified. The RAE was observed in male and female group, regardless of players age. Nevertheless, the greatest disproportion in the distribution of dates of birth was found in U16 group of boys (V = 0...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628702/financial-incentives-for-linkage-to-care-and-viral-suppression-among-hiv-positive-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial-hptn-065
#4
Wafaa M El-Sadr, Deborah Donnell, Geetha Beauchamp, H Irene Hall, Lucia V Torian, Barry Zingman, Garret Lum, Michael Kharfen, Richard Elion, Jason Leider, Fred M Gordin, Vanessa Elharrar, David Burns, Allison Zerbe, Theresa Gamble, Bernard Branson
Importance: Achieving linkage to care and viral suppression in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients improves their well-being and prevents new infections. Current gaps in the HIV care continuum substantially limit such benefits. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of financial incentives on linkage to care and viral suppression in HIV-positive patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: A large community-based clinical trial that randomized 37 HIV test and 39 HIV care sites in the Bronx, New York, and Washington, DC, to financial incentives or standard of care...
June 19, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624982/towards-ageing-well-use-it-or-lose-it-exercise-epigenetics-and-cognition
#5
Irene Maeve Rea
More and more people are living into the 90s or becoming centenarians. But, the gift of increased 'age span' seldom equates with an improved 'health-span'. Governments across the world are expressing concern about the epidemic of chronic disease, and have responded by initiating policies that make prevention, reduction and treatment of chronic disease, a public health priority. But understanding, how to age long and well, with the avoidance of chronic disease and later life complex disease morbidity is challenging...
June 17, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620606/editorial-hip-arthroscopy
#6
EDITORIAL
Shane J Nho, Gift Ukwuani, Joshua D Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619994/simultaneous-stimulation-of-glycolysis-and-gluconeogenesis-by-feeding-in-the-anterior-intestine-of-the-omnivorous-gift-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#7
Yong-Jun Chen, Ti-Yin Zhang, Hai-Yan Chen, Shi-Mei Lin, Li Luo, De-Shou Wang
The present study was performed to investigate the roles of anterior intestine in the postprandial glucose homeostasis of the omnivorous Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT). Sub-adult fish (about 173 g) were sampled at 0, 1, 3, 8 and 24 h post feeding (HPF) after 36 h of food deprivation, and the time course of changes in intestinal glucose transport, glycolysis, glycogenesis and gluconeogenesis at the transcription and enzyme activity level, as well as plasma glucose contents, were analyzed. Compared with 0 HPF (fasting for 36 h), the mRNA levels of both ATP-dependent sodium/glucose cotransporter 1 and facilitated glucose transporter 2 increased during 1-3 HPF, decreased at 8 HPF and then leveled off...
June 15, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617735/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-using-a-progressive-muscle-relaxation-technique-on-the-self-efficacy-of-breastfeeding-in-mothers-with-preterm-infants
#8
Soheila Karbandi, Seyedeh Maryam Hosseini, Seyedeh Asieh Hosseini, Farshad Sadeghi, Maryam Hesari, Reza Masoudi
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is a God-given gift that conveys a mother's love and compassion and that is made according to the needs and age of the child. Mothers who are interested in the welfare of their newborns tend to breastfeed their children. Training programs have been shown to improve breastfeeding self-efficacy in terms of both duration and amount. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of using the progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) technique on the self-efficacy of breastfeeding in mothers with preterm infants...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604933/educational-performance-of-children-born-prematurely
#9
Craig F Garfield, Krzysztof Karbownik, Karna Murthy, Gustave Falciglia, Jonathan Guryan, David N Figlio, Jeffrey Roth
Importance: Survivors of preterm birth often present with medical morbidities; however, variation in their long-term educational performance has not been well described. Objective: To estimate the association between gestational age and 4 outcomes in school-aged children: readiness to enter kindergarten, scores on standardized tests in elementary and middle school, gifted status, and low performance. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a retrospective cohort study, children born in Florida between 1992 and 2002 at 23 to 41 weeks' gestation who entered Florida's public schools between 1995 and 2012 were assessed for kindergarten readiness and tested in mathematics and reading in grades 3 through 8...
June 12, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603618/a-gifted-teacher
#10
Edward Rowland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603612/exposure-to-the-drug-company-marketing-in-greece-interactions-and-attitudes-in-a-non-regulated-environment-for-medical-students
#11
Magdalini Filippiadou, Dimitrios Kouvelas, Georgios Garyfallos, Ioannis Tsakiridis, Dimitrios Tzachanis, Dimitrios Spachos, Georgios Papazisis
BACKGROUND: Medical students are targeted by the pharmaceutical industry and are exposed to their marketing strategies even in the preclinical years of study. The marketing strategies used by pharmaceutical companies with physicians are also applied to students, affecting their future prescribing behaviour, and include low-cost non-educational gifts, travel expenses and conferences registration fees. In Greece, there are no national or institutional regulations and guidelines concerning drug company-medical student interactions...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603383/foreign-language-reading-and-spelling-in-gifted-students-with-dyslexia-in-secondary-education
#12
Sietske van Viersen, Elise H de Bree, Lilian Kalee, Evelyn H Kroesbergen, Peter F de Jong
A few studies suggest that gifted children with dyslexia have better literacy skills than averagely intelligent children with dyslexia. This finding aligns with the hypothesis that giftedness-related factors provide compensation for poor reading. The present study investigated whether, as in the native language (NL), the level of foreign language (FL) literacy of gifted students with dyslexia is higher than the literacy level of averagely intelligent students with dyslexia and whether this difference can be accounted for by the difference in their NL literacy level...
2017: Reading and Writing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601849/vaccination-perfect-gift-for-our-babies
#13
Anupam Sachdeva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600922/the-object-of-my-desire-five-year-olds-rapidly-reason-about-a-speaker-s-desire-during-referential-communication
#14
Valerie San Juan, Craig G Chambers, Jared Berman, Chelsea Humphry, Susan A Graham
Two experiments examined whether 5-year-olds draw inferences about desire outcomes that constrain their online interpretation of an utterance. Children were informed of a speaker's positive (Experiment 1) or negative (Experiment 2) desire to receive a specific toy as a gift before hearing a referentially ambiguous statement ("That's my present") spoken with either a happy or sad voice. After hearing the speaker express a positive desire, children (N=24) showed an implicit (i.e., eye gaze) and explicit ability to predict reference to the desired object when the speaker sounded happy, but they showed only implicit consideration of the alternate object when the speaker sounded sad...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592429/a-centennial-gift-from-einstein
#15
T D Oswalt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586824/the-downside-of-greater-lexical-influences-selectively-poorer-speech-perception-in-noise
#16
Boji P W Lam, Zilong Xie, Rachel Tessmer, Bharath Chandrasekaran
Purpose: Although lexical information influences phoneme perception, the extent to which reliance on lexical information enhances speech processing in challenging listening environments is unclear. We examined the extent to which individual differences in lexical influences on phonemic processing impact speech processing in maskers containing varying degrees of linguistic information (2-talker babble or pink noise). Method: Twenty-nine monolingual English speakers were instructed to ignore the lexical status of spoken syllables (e...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583456/outcomes-following-exploratory-burr-holes-for-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-resource-poor-setting
#17
Jessica Eaton, Asma Bilal Hanif, Gift Mulima, Chifundo Kajombo, Anthony Charles
BACKGROUND: TBI is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. The incidence of TBI in LMICs is disproportionately high, with an associated increased risk of mortality from TBI relative to high-income countries. While CT is the diagnostic method of choice, this is often unavailable in LMICs. Exploratory burr holes may provide a suitable choice for diagnosis and treatment of TBI. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of prospectively collected data at KCH, a tertiary care center in Lilongwe, Malawi...
June 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578114/inside-vietnam-s-largest-neurosurgery-department
#18
Constantine L Karras, Huy Minh Tran, David Dornbos, Phong Nguyen, Shahid M Nimjee, Daniel M Prevedello, Ciarán J Powers
Cho Ray Hospital is the premier tertiary care center in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam's most populous city. The neurosurgical department was founded in 1958 and is currently one of the busiest in the world. Last year the department was responsible for over 10,000 neurosurgical operations, excluding neuroendovascular cases. Most of the elective cases are craniotomies for complex lesions such as aneurysms, AMV's, skull base tumors, gliomas and meningiomas. While the neurosurgeons within the department are technically gifted, doing more with less predominates as the mantra at Cho Ray Hospital...
May 31, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577713/a-critical-review-management-and-surgical-options-for-articular-defects-in-the-hip
#19
REVIEW
Eric C Makhni, Austin V Stone, Gift C Ukwuani, William Zuke, Tigran Garabekyan, Omer Mei-Dan, Shane J Nho
Patients with articular cartilage lesions of the hip may present with pain and symptoms that may be vague in nature and onset. Therefore, a thorough history and physical examination should be performed for every patient presenting with hip pain and/or disability. The management may be operative or nonoperative. Nonoperative management includes a trial of rest and/or activity modification, along with anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, and biologic injections. Operative treatment in the form of arthroscopic techniques continues to decrease morbidity and offer innovative solutions and new applications for microfracture, ACT, and AMIC...
July 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566641/rice-bran-oil-a-versatile-source-for-edible-and-industrial-applications
#20
Yogita P Pal, Amit P Pratap
Rice bran oil (RBO) is healthy gift generously given by nature to mankind. RBO is obtained from rice husk, a byproduct of rice milling industry and is gaining lot of importance as cooking oil due to presence of important micronutrient, gamma oryzanol. Its high smoke point is beneficial for its use for frying and deep frying of food stuff. It is popular because of balanced fatty acid profile (most ideal ratio of saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids), antioxidant capacity, and cholesterollowering abilities...
2017: Journal of Oleo Science
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