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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202813/female-fecundity-variation-affects-reproducibility-of-experiments-on-host-plant-preference-and-acceptance-in-a-phytophagous-insect
#1
Alexander Schäpers, Hampus Petrén, Christopher W Wheat, Christer Wiklund, Magne Friberg
Reproducibility is a scientific cornerstone. Many recent studies, however, describe a reproducibility crisis and call for assessments of reproducibility across scientific domains. Here, we explore the reproducibility of a classic ecological experiment-that of assessing female host plant preference and acceptance in phytophagous insects, a group in which host specialization is a key driver of diversification. We exposed multiple cohorts of Pieris napi butterflies from the same population to traditional host acceptance and preference tests on three Brassicaceae host species...
February 22, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201584/initiative-to-improve-detection-of-faecal-incontinence-in-primary-care-the-gift-project
#2
Yolanda Ribas, Meritxell Coll, Avelina Espina, Concepció Jiménez, Montserrat Chicote, Marta Torné, Ines Modolell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196987/living-donor-liver-transplantation-eliminating-the-wait-for-death-in-end-stage-liver-disease
#3
REVIEW
Robert A Fisher
Adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation (A2ALDLT), outside of Asia, remains an important yet underutilized gift of life. For patients with end-stage liver disease, A2ALDLT is a proven transplantation option, with lower waiting list mortality and suffering, and equivalent or better allograft and patient survival than deceased-donor liver transplantation (DDLT). The risks to living donors and the benefit to their recipients have been carefully defined with long-term level 1 and 2 evidence-based study...
February 15, 2017: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187889/gift-cloud-a-data-sharing-and-collaboration-platform-for-medical-imaging-research
#4
Tom Doel, Dzhoshkun I Shakir, Rosalind Pratt, Michael Aertsen, James Moggridge, Erwin Bellon, Anna L David, Jan Deprest, Tom Vercauteren, Sébastien Ourselin
OBJECTIVES: Clinical imaging data are essential for developing research software for computer-aided diagnosis, treatment planning and image-guided surgery, yet existing systems are poorly suited for data sharing between healthcare and academia: research systems rarely provide an integrated approach for data exchange with clinicians; hospital systems are focused towards clinical patient care with limited access for external researchers; and safe haven environments are not well suited to algorithm development...
February 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182706/-it-makes-you-feel-like-someone-cares-acceptability-of-a-financial-incentive-intervention-for-hiv-viral-suppression-in-the-hptn-065-tlc-plus-study
#5
Elizabeth Greene, Allison Pack, Jill Stanton, Victoria Shelus, Elizabeth E Tolley, Jamilah Taylor, Wafaa M El Sadr, Bernard M Branson, Jason Leider, Natella Rakhmanina, Theresa Gamble
BACKGROUND: HPTN 065 (TLC-Plus) evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of providing quarterly $70 gift card financial incentives to HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) to encourage ART adherence and viral suppression, and represents the largest study to-date of a financial incentive intervention for HIV viral suppression. A post-trial qualitative substudy was undertaken to examine acceptability of the financial incentives among those receiving and implementing the intervention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181866/raising-the-social-security-entitlement-age
#6
Julie Zissimopoulos, Barbara Blaylock, Dana P Goldman, John W Rowe
An aging America presents challenges but also brings social and economic capital. We quantify public revenues from, and public expenditures on, Americans aged 65 and older, the value of their unpaid, productive activities and financial gifts to family. Using microsimulation, we project the value of these activities, and government revenues and expenditures, under different scenarios of change to the Old Age and Survivors Insurance eligibility age through 2050. We find the value of unpaid productive activities and financial gifts are US$721 billion in 2010, while net (of tax revenues) spending on the 65 years and older is US$984 billion...
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178285/purification-characterization-and-antitumor-activity-of-a-novel-glucan-from-the-fruiting-bodies-of-coriolus-versicolor
#7
Annoor Awadasseid, Jie Hou, Yaser Gamallat, Shang Xueqi, Kuugbee D Eugene, Ahmed Musa Hago, Djibril Bamba, Abdo Meyiah, Chiwala Gift, Yi Xin
Cancer is one of the most common causes of deaths worldwide. Herein, we report an efficient natural anticancer glucan (CVG) extracted from Coriolus Versicolar (CV). CVG was extracted by the hot water extraction method followed by ethanol precipitation and purified using gas exclusion chromatography. Structural analysis revealed that CVG has a linear α-glucan chain composed of only (1→ 6)-α-D-Glcp. The antitumor activity of CVG on Sarcoma-180 cells was investigated in vitro and in vivo. Mice were treated with three doses of CVG (40, 100, 200 mg/kg body weight) for 9 days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167804/mir-29a-modulates-scd-expression-and-is-regulated-in-response-to-a-saturated-fatty-acids-diet-in-juvenile-gift-oreochromis-niloticus
#8
Jun Qiang, Yi Fan Tao, Jie He, Yi Lan Sun, Pao Xu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate target gene expression by binding to the 3'untranslated region (3'UTR) of the target mRNA. MiRNAs regulate a large variety of genes, including those involved in liver biology and disease. Here, we report for the first time that miR-29a post-transcriptionally regulates stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) by binding to its 3'UTR in genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT), Oreochromis niloticus, as shown by a 3'UTR luciferase reporter assay. miR-29a antagomir treatment in vivo resulted in significant up-regulation of SCD expression...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157074/the-problem-of-gift-and-honorary-authorship-who-is-an-author
#9
EDITORIAL
Arun K Gadre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141690/predicting-late-follow-up-and-understanding-its-consequences-in-growth-modulation-for-pediatric-lower-limb-deformities
#10
Cheryl Lawing, Adam Margalit, Gift Ukwuani, Paul D Sponseller
BACKGROUND: Growth modulation with implants facilitates correction of angular deformities and limb-length discrepancies (LLDs) in children. Close follow-up is necessary when using growth modulation to prevent overcorrection. We examined factors associated with late follow-up and overcorrection rates in patients with late versus timely follow-up. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of growth modulation procedures in children at 1 institution from 2000 through 2014...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136000/altruism-or-obligation-the-motivations-and-experience-of-women-who-donate-oocytes-to-known-recipients-in-assisted-conception-treatment-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-study
#11
Santanu Acharya, Louise Bryant, Maureen Twiddy
INTRODUCTION: This qualitative study was conducted to explore the motivations and experience of oocyte donors donating to women known to them. METHODS: Three women who donated oocytes to a close relative were interviewed and data were analysed using an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis approach. RESULTS: The two key elements noted were "motivations for donation" and "coping with the consequences of oocyte donation". The motivation for donation was influenced by the familial bond that was strengthened by the donation process in some cases...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135843/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-ethyl-glucuronide-based-contingency-management-for-outpatients-with-co-occurring-alcohol-use-disorders-and-serious-mental-illness
#12
Michael G McDonell, Emily Leickly, Sterling McPherson, Jordan Skalisky, Debra Srebnik, Frank Angelo, Roger Vilardaga, Jenny R Nepom, John M Roll, Richard K Ries
OBJECTIVE: The authors examined whether a contingency management intervention using the ethyl glucuronide (EtG) alcohol biomarker resulted in increased alcohol abstinence in outpatients with co-occurring serious mental illnesses. Secondary objectives were to determine whether contingency management was associated with changes in heavy drinking, treatment attendance, drug use, cigarette smoking, psychiatric symptoms, and HIV-risk behavior. METHOD: Seventy-nine (37% female, 44% nonwhite) outpatients with serious mental illness and alcohol dependence receiving treatment as usual completed a 4-week observation period and were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of contingency management for EtG-negative urine samples and addiction treatment attendance, or reinforcement only for study participation...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135391/managing-professional-and-nurse-patient-relationship-boundaries-in-mental-health
#13
Sharon M Valente
Caring nurse-patient relationships in mental health settings are key components in helping patients recover. These professional relationships provide a safe, trustworthy, reliable, and secure foundation for therapeutic interactions; however, nurses face challenges in setting and maintaining relationship boundaries. Although patients ask for special privileges, romantic interactions, and social media befriending, or offer expensive gifts, nurses must recognize that these boundary violations may erode trust and harm patients...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128987/preliminary-report-on-neuroanatomical-differences-among-reading-disabled-nonverbally-gifted-and-gifted-reading-disabled-college-students
#14
Jeffrey W Gilger, Mollie Bayda, Olumide A Olulade, Meaghan N Altman, Michael O'Boyle
Regional comparisons (cortical surface area and thickness) were performed on a well described sample of adults with reading disability alone (RD), nonverbal giftedness alone (G), and reading disability and nonverbal giftedness combined (GRD). These anatomical results are considered in relation to behavioral and functional work previously reported on this sample. GRD-RD regional differences were found in both hemispheres and were more common than GRD-G differences. Regional differences were found in the temporal, parietal, occipital and frontal lobes...
January 27, 2017: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126519/cooperation-but-not-competition-improves-4-year-old-children-s-reasoning-about-others-diverse-desires
#15
Xinyi Jin, Pengchao Li, Jie He, Mowei Shen
Three experiments examined whether cooperation or competition affects 4-year-old children's reasoning about other people's desires-which differed from their own-in a gift selection task. Experiment 1 (N=72) found that children's performance in selecting an adult-preferred gift for an adult experimenter was enhanced by a short period of preceding cooperative, but not competitive or individualistic, play with the experimenter. Experiment 2 (N=24) ruled out the alternative explanation that children resisted satisfying their opponent after competition...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126108/the-racialized-construction-of-exceptionality-experimental-evidence-of-race-ethnicity-effects-on-teachers-interventions
#16
Rachel Elizabeth Fish
Scholars, policy-makers, and practitioners have long argued that students of color are over-represented in special education and under-represented in gifted education, arguing that educators make racially/ethnically biased decisions to refer and qualify students with disabilities and giftedness. Recent research has called this into question, focusing on the role of confounders of race/ethnicity. However, the role of educator decisions in the disproportionality is still unclear. In this study, I examine the role of student race/ethnicity in teachers' categorization of student needs as "exceptional" and in need of special or gifted education services...
February 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119518/molecular-beacons-to-identify-gifted-microbes-for-genome-mining
#17
Richard H Baltz
Microbial genome mining is a promising technology that is revitalizing natural product discovery. It is now well documented that many bacteria with large genomes, particularly actinomycetes, encode many more secondary metabolites (SMs) than was previously known from their expressed secondary metabolomes. There are effective bioinformatics tools for counting the numbers and nature of SMs, and determining the total coding capacity from finished microbial genomes. However, these methods do not translate well to draft genomes, particularly for large SM gene clusters that contain nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) or type I polyketide synthase (PKS-I) mega-genes which are prone to fragmentation and misassembly...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119426/family-strategies-to-support-siblings-of-pediatric-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-patients
#18
Taylor E White, Kristopher A Hendershot, Margie D Dixon, Wendy Pelletier, Ann Haight, Kristin Stegenga, Melissa A Alderfer, Lydia Cox, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Pamela Hinds, Rebecca D Pentz
OBJECTIVE: To describe the strategies families report using to address the needs and concerns of siblings of children, adolescents, and young adults undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). METHODS: A secondary semantic analysis was conducted of 86 qualitative interviews with family members of children, adolescents, and young adults undergoing HSCT at 4 HSCT centers and supplemented with a primary analysis of 38 additional targeted qualitative interviews (23 family members, 15 health care professionals) conducted at the primary center...
January 24, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112383/chromolaena-odorata-a-neglected-weed-with-a-wide-spectrum-of-pharmacological-activities-review
#19
Kavitha Vijayaraghavan, Johanna Rajkumar, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Badr Al-Sayed, Mohammed Ali Seyed
The study of wound‑healing plants has acquired an interdisciplinary nature with a systematic investigational approach. Several biochemicals are involved in the healing process of the body, including antioxidants and cytokines. Although several pharmaceutical preparations and formulations are available for wound care and management, it remains necessary to search for efficacious treatments, as certain current formulations cause adverse effects or lack efficacy. Phytochemicals or biomarkers from numerous plants suggest they have positive effects on different stages of the wound healing process via various mechanisms...
January 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108404/annulus-fibrosus-cells-express-and-utilize-c-c-chemokine-receptor-5-ccr5-for-migration
#20
Weijun Liu, David Liu, Justin Zheng, Peng Shi, Po-Hsin Chou, Chundo Oh, Di Chen, Howard S An, Ana Chee
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Disc degeneration is associated with the progressive loss of the proteoglycan content of the intervertebral disc, decreased matrix synthesis, higher concentrations of proteolytic enzymes, and increased levels of proinflammatory cytokines. In previous studies, we have shown that C-C chemokine ligand (CCL)2, CCL3, and CCL5 are highly expressed by cultured nucleus pulposus (NP) and annulus fibrosus (AF) cells that have been treated by interleukin-1. The major function of these chemokines is to recruit immune cells into the disc...
January 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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