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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926813/risk-assessment-to-groundwater-of-pit-latrine-rural-sanitation-policy-in-developing-country-settings
#1
Jan O Back, Michael O Rivett, Laura B Hinz, Nyree Mackay, Gift J Wanangwa, Owen L Phiri, Chrispine Emmanuel Songola, Mavuto A S Thomas, Steve Kumwenda, Muthi Nhlema, Alexandra V M Miller, Robert M Kalin
Parallel global rise in pit-latrine sanitation and groundwater-supply provision is of concern due to the frequent spatial proximity of these activities. Study of such an area in Malawi has allowed understanding of risks posed to groundwater from the recent implementation of a typical developing-country pit-latrine sanitation policy to be gained. This has assisted the development of a risk-assessment framework approach pragmatic to regulatory-practitioner management of this issue. The framework involves water-supply and pit-latrine mapping, monitoring of key groundwater contamination indicators and surveys of possible environmental site-condition factors and culminates in an integrated statistical evaluation of these datasets to identify the significant factors controlling risks posed...
September 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926592/polish-physicians-cooperation-with-the-pharmaceutical-industry-and-its-potential-impact-on-public-health
#2
Marta Makowska
OBJECTIVE: This article aims to describe how Polish physicians cooperate with the pharmaceutical industry and show how this relationship may pose a threat to public health. METHODS: It considers the results of an online survey of 379 physicians. The survey was hosted by surveymonkey.com with links from a Polish physicians' website (Medycyna Praktyczna) between 29 October 2013 and 31 December 2013. The sample was purposive, respondents having to be physicians working in Poland...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922904/the-body-as-gift-commodity-or-something-in-between-ethical-implications-of-advanced-kidney-donation
#3
Julian J Koplin
An innovative program recently initiated at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Medical Center allows people to donate a kidney in exchange for a voucher that a loved one can redeem for a kidney if and when needed. As a relatively new practice, the ethical implications of advanced kidney donation have not yet been widely discussed. This paper reflects on some of the bioethical issues at stake in this new donation program, as well as some broader philosophical issues related to the meaning and moral salience of commodification...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920558/i-shouldn-t-talk-of-medicine-only-biomedical-and-religious-frameworks-for-understanding-antiretroviral-therapies-their-invention-and-their-effects
#4
Angela Kelly-Hanku, Peter Aggleton, Patti Shih
Medical pluralism offers a long-standing means of analysing the different ways in which health and illness can be interpreted and responded to. It is not unusual for multiple health systems and meanings to co-exist at any one moment in time, offering different ways of understanding and responding to illness and disease. In addition to biomedical frameworks, religious beliefs offer another important means of facilitating healing. Based on qualitative interviews with 36 people living with HIV on antiretroviral therapies (ART) in Papua New Guinea (PNG), this paper examines the ways in which people bring together and synthesise religious and biomedical therapeutic approaches to the treatment and management of HIV...
September 16, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914162/mere-gifting-liking-a-gift-more-because-it-is-shared
#5
Evan Polman, Sam J Maglio
We investigated a type of mere similarity that describes owning the same item as someone else. Moreover, we examined this mere similarity in a gift-giving context, whereby givers gift something that they also buy for themselves (a behavior we call "companionizing"). Using a Heiderian account of balancing unit-sentiment relations, we tested whether gift recipients like gifts more when gifts are companionized. Akin to mere ownership, which describes people liking their possessions more merely because they own them, we tested a complementary prediction: whether people like their possessions more merely because others own them too...
July 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914152/half-a-gift-is-not-half-hearted-a-giver-receiver-asymmetry-in-the-thoughtfulness-of-partial-gifts
#6
Daniella Kupor, Frank Flynn, Michael I Norton
Four studies document an asymmetry in givers' and receivers' evaluations of gifts: Givers underestimate the extent to which receivers perceive partial (but more desirable) gifts to be thoughtful, valuable, and worthy of appreciation. Study 1 documents this asymmetry and suggests that givers underestimate the extent to which partial gifts signal thoughtfulness to receivers. Study 2 replicates this asymmetry in the context of a real gift exchange among friends. Study 3 shows that this asymmetry arises because givers believe that purchasing partial gifts is a greater violation of gift-giving norms than do receivers, leading givers to expect that partial gifts will damage receivers' perceptions of a gift's value...
September 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910265/kiss-and-tell-limited-empirical-data-on-oropharyngeal-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-implications-for-modeling
#7
Kyle T Bernstein, Harrell Chesson, Robert D Kirkcaldy, Julia L Marcus, Thomas L Gift, Sevgi O Aral
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903839/comparison-of-cognitive-professionalism-in-residents-of-public-and-private-hospitals-of-karachi
#8
Nighat Shah, Masood Javed, Nusrat Shah, Mariam Soomro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the cognitive professionalism in resident medical officers (RMOs) of public and private hospitals of Karachi. STUDY DESIGN: Across-sectional survey. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Civil Hospital and Ziauddin Medical University Clifton Campus, Karachi, from August to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: This survey was conducted in one public and one private medical college. All residents from Gynecology and Obstetrics, Medicine and Surgery departments were included with non-probability purposive sampling...
August 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898296/characterizing-the-interaction-between-physicians-pharmacists-and-pharmaceutical-representatives-in-a-middle-income-country-a-qualitative-study
#9
Rima Hajjar, Aya Bassatne, Mohamad Ali Cheaito, Rabie Naser El Dine, Sarah Traboulsy, Fadi Haddadin, Gladys Honein-AbouHaidar, Elie A Akl
BACKGROUND: Studies around the world have shown that interactions between pharmaceutical companies, pharmacists and physicians have a great influence on prescribing and drug dispensing practices. In middle-income countries, the nature and extent of these interactions have not been well researched. Our objectives were to qualitatively explore the nature of the interactions between pharmaceutical companies, physicians and pharmacists, their impact on drug prescription and dispensing practices in Lebanon...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892663/hepatic-transcriptome-analysis-of-juvenile-gift-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-fed-diets-supplemented-with-different-concentrations-of-resveratrol
#10
Yao Zheng, Wei Wu, Gengdong Hu, Zhixiang Zhao, Shunlong Meng, Limin Fan, Chao Song, Liping Qiu, Jiazhang Chen
The GIFT (Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia) tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, is cultured widely for the production of freshwater fish in China. Streptococcosis, which is related to pathogenic infections, occurs frequently in juvenile and adult female GIFT individuals. Resveratrol (RES) has been used in feed to control these infections in freshwater tilapia. To address the effects of RES on tilapia, we used high-throughput RNA sequencing technology (RNA-Seq, HiSeq. 2500) to explore the global transcriptomic response and specific involvement of hepatic mRNA of juvenile O...
September 8, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891645/set-lrp-in-the-neoteric-ethyl-lactate-alcohol
#11
Adrian Moreno, Diego Garcia, Marina Galia, Joan Carlos Ronda, Virginia Cadiz, Gerard Lligadas, Virgil Percec
Ethyl lactate (EtLa), a green and safe agrochemical solvent, is gifted with some properties that make it a good candidate for SET-LRP. It dissolves CuBr2, mediates an efficient disproportionation of CuBr in the presence of tris(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)amine (Me6-TREN), and is capable to dissolve both aqueous (polar) and hydrocarbon (non-polar) soluble monomers and polymers. Here, we report that EtLa is an excellent solvent for the Cu(0) wire-catalyzed SET-LRP to produce both hydrophilic and hydrophobic polyacrylates that exhibit precise chain end functionality...
September 11, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890928/conflicts-of-interest-in-medicine-a-systematic-review-of-published-and-scientifically-evaluated-curricula
#12
Janosch Wei├čkircher, Cora Koch, Nadine Dreim├╝ller, Klaus Lieb
Objective: Conflicts of interests resulting from interactions with pharmaceutical companies are pervasive in medicine and can result in an undue influence on physicians' decision-making. The objective of this systematic review is to analyze published and scientifically evaluated curricula for medical students and residents regarding such conflicts of interest. We begin by describing the covered topics and teaching methods; afterwards we analyze the quality of the curricula using the published data on their evaluations and comparing the content with content recommended for such curricula...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886391/combined-pancreatic-and-duodenal-transection-injury-a-case-report
#13
Simbarashe Gift Mungazi, Chenesa Mbanje, Onesai Chihaka, Noah Madziva
INTRODUCTION: Combined pancreatic-duodenal injuries in blunt abdominal trauma are rare. These injuries are associated with high morbidity and mortality, and their emergent management is a challenge. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of combined complete pancreatic (through the neck) and duodenal (first part) transections in a 24-year-old male secondary to blunt abdominal trauma following a motor vehicle crash. The duodenal stumps were closed separately and a gastrojejunostomy performed for intestinal continuity...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883548/a-novel-statistical-method-to-diagnose-quantify-and-correct-batch-effects-in-genomic-studies
#14
Gift Nyamundanda, Pawan Poudel, Yatish Patil, Anguraj Sadanandam
Genome projects now generate large-scale data often produced at various time points by different laboratories using multiple platforms. This increases the potential for batch effects. Currently there are several batch evaluation methods like principal component analysis (PCA; mostly based on visual inspection), and sometimes they fail to reveal all of the underlying batch effects. These methods can also lead to the risk of unintentionally correcting biologically interesting factors attributed to batch effects...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883053/billionaire-s-gift-pushes-ocean-sensors-deeper
#15
Paul Voosen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876293/the-spatial-association-between-federally-qualified-health-centers-and-county-level-reported-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-spatial-regression-approach
#16
Kwame Owusu-Edusei, Thomas L Gift, Jami S Leichliter, Raul A Romaguera
BACKGROUND: The number of categorical sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics is declining in the United States. Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) have the potential to supplement the needed sexually transmitted infection (STI) services. In this study, we describe the spatial distribution of FQHC sites and determine if reported county-level nonviral STI morbidity were associated with having FQHC(s) using spatial regression techniques. METHODS: We extracted map data from the Health Resources and Services Administration data warehouse on FQHCs (ie, geocoded health care service delivery [HCSD] sites) and extracted county-level data on the reported rates of chlamydia, gonorrhea and, primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis (2008-2012) from surveillance data...
August 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875834/argemone-mexicana-a-boon-to-medicinal-and-pharmacological-approaches-in-current-scenario
#17
A Nancy, A Praveena
Nature is God's gift to human beings. Natural products are a source of new chemical diversity and are the choice of today's world. Nature itself gives remedy to all our health problems. The sources of natural product are plants, animals and microorganisms. Among them plant and its products are more reliable for its renewability and therefore, considered as fortunate thing for human welfare. Our traditional system of medicine which has been followed by our ancestors has its own impact on human life. Due to the inadequate knowledge many plant derived products (drugs) has not yet been explored to the society...
August 30, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868234/how-gambling-harms-experienced-by-pacific-people-in-new-zealand-amplify-when-they-are-culture-related
#18
Komathi Kolandai-Matchett, Erika Langham, Maria Bellringer, Pesio Ah-Honi Siitia
Pacific people in New Zealand are a minority ethnic population identified in national prevalence studies as having the highest risk of developing gambling problems. As earlier studies identified some links between culture and gambling for this population, our study aimed to deepen understanding of these links and their role in explaining the disproportionate gambling harms experienced by Pacific people. To achieve this aim we employed intersectionality as a theoretical framework to explore the culture-gambling intersection for this population group...
2017: Asian journal of gambling issues and public health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860682/bidirectional-associations-between-parental-responsiveness-and-executive-function-during-early-childhood
#19
Emily C Merz, Susan H Landry, Janelle J Montroy, Jeffrey M Williams
In this study, we examined bidirectional associations between parental responsiveness and executive function (EF) processes in socioeconomically disadvantaged preschoolers. Participants were 534 3- to 5-year-old children (71% Hispanic/Latino; 28% African American; 1% European American) attending Head Start programs. At Time 1 (T1) and 6.5 months later at Time 2 (T2), parents and children participated in a videotaped free play session and children completed delay inhibition (gift delay-wrap, gift delay-bow) and conflict EF (bear/dragon, dimensional change card sort) tasks...
August 2017: Social Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852250/delusion-of-triplet-pregnancy-in-abdominal-cavity-a-case-report-with-a-review-of-literature
#20
Shri Gopal Goyal, Ananya Mahapatra, Priti Kumari Goyal, Sudhir Kumar Khandelwal
The two terms, pseudocyesis and delusion of pregnancy, were frequently used for pseudopregnancy. Delusion of pregnancy is a special form of hypochondriacal/somatic delusion reported in various psychiatric and organic disorders. The origin of the delusion of pregnancy in schizophrenia has often been explained by psycho-analytic interpretations attributing wish fulfilling, protective role to false beliefs, and mother establishes an undisturbed union with her fetus during pregnancy, which eliminate loneliness and helplessness...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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