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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086924/treating-infants-with-frigg-linking-disease-aetiologies-medicinal-plant-use-and-care-seeking-behaviour-in-southern-morocco
#1
Irene Teixidor-Toneu, Gary J Martin, Rajindra K Puri, Ahmed Ouhammou, Julie A Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Although most Moroccans rely to some extent on traditional medicine, the practice of frigg to treat paediatric ailments by elderly women traditional healers known as ferraggat, has not yet been documented. We describe the role of these specialist healers, document the medicinal plants they use, and evaluate how and why their practice is changing. METHODS: Ethnomedicinal and ethnobotanical data were collected using semi-structured interviews and observations of medical encounters...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080091/dynamical-systems-modeling-of-early-childhood-self-regulation
#2
Pamela M Cole, Jason J Bendezú, Nilam Ram, Sy-Miin Chow
Self-regulation can be conceptualized in terms of dynamic tension between highly probable reactions (prepotent responses) and use of strategies that can modulate those reactions (executive processes). This study investigated the value of a dynamical systems approach to the study of early childhood self-regulation. Specifically, ordinary differential equations (ODEs) were used to model the interactive influences of 115 36-month-olds' executive processes (strategy use) and prepotent responses to waiting to open a gift (desire for the gift and frustration about waiting to open it)...
January 12, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068362/conflict-of-interest-policies-at-french-medical-schools-starting-from-the-bottom
#3
Paul Scheffer, Christian Guy-Coichard, David Outh-Gauer, Zoéline Calet-Froissart, Mathilde Boursier, Barbara Mintzes, Jean-Sébastien Borde
BACKGROUND: Medical faculties have a role in ensuring that their students are protected from undue commercial influence during their training, and are educated about professional-industry interactions. In North America, many medical faculties have introduced more stringent conflict of interest (COI) policies during the last decade. We asked whether similar steps had been taken in France. We hypothesized that such policies may have been introduced following a 2009-2010 drug safety scandal (benfluorex, Mediator) in which COIs in medicine received prominent press attention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052765/sexual-abuse-and-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-young-female-hawkers-in-burkina-faso-a-mixed-method-study
#4
Saide Yacine Y A Ouédraogo, Ebrima J Sisawo, Song-Lih Huang
BACKGROUND: Young street hawkers in Burkina Faso are increasingly exposed to workplace hazards such as physical and sexual abuse, and also unsafe sexual practices. The objectives of this study were to identify the socio-demographic status and work characteristics of young female hawkers, describe their sexual behavior and their experience with regards to sex-related violence at the workplace. METHODS: The study used a mixed design combining qualitative and quantitative methods...
January 4, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050986/influence-of-television-advertising-on-behavior-of-children-across-socioeconomic-backgrounds
#5
Rachana Bahuguna, Atul Jain, Divya Suryavanshi, Hemlata Chauhan, Suleiman A Khan, Ruchi Thakur
INTRODUCTION: This research analyzed the influence of television on the behavior of children belonging to urban and rural socioeconomic backgrounds of Bhopal city and its vicinity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: About 400 parents with children between 1 and 18 years of age were subjected to a self-designed questionnaire, which sought information regarding the television viewing habits of children. Differences in responses were noted between the subjects of urban and rural areas...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048868/su-f-j-219-predicting-ventilation-change-due-to-radiation-therapy-dependency-on-pre-rt-ventilation-and-effort-correction
#6
T Patton, K Du, G Christensen, J Reinhardt, J Bayouth
PURPOSE: Ventilation change caused by radiation therapy (RT) can be predicted using four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and image registration. This study tested the dependency of predicted post-RT ventilation on effort correction and pre-RT lung function. METHODS: Pre-RT and 3 month post-RT 4DCT images were obtained for 13 patients. The 4DCT images were used to create ventilation maps using a deformable image registration based Jacobian expansion calculation...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048500/we-h-202-04-advanced-medical-image-registration-techniques
#7
G Christensen
: Deformable image registration has now been commercially available for several years, with solid performance in a number of sites and for several applications including contour and dose mapping. However, more complex applications have arisen, such as assessing response to radiation therapy over time, registering images pre- and post-surgery, and auto-segmentation from atlases. These applications require innovative registration algorithms to achieve accurate alignment. The goal of this session is to highlight emerging registration technology and these new applications...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048394/we-h-202-00-session-in-memory-of-jean-pouliot-next-generation-deformable-image-registration
#8
Geoffrey Hugo
: Deformable image registration has now been commercially available for several years, with solid performance in a number of sites and for several applications including contour and dose mapping. However, more complex applications have arisen, such as assessing response to radiation therapy over time, registering images pre- and post-surgery, and auto-segmentation from atlases. These applications require innovative registration algorithms to achieve accurate alignment. The goal of this session is to highlight emerging registration technology and these new applications...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047897/we-ab-202-06-correlating-lung-ct-hu-with-transformation-based-and-xe-ct-derived-ventilation
#9
K Du, T Patton, J Reinhardt, G Christensen, J Bayouth
PURPOSE: Regional lung ventilation is useful to reduce radiation-induced function damage during lung cancer radiation therapy. Recently a new direct HU (Hounsfield unit)-based method was proposed to estimate the ventilation potential without image registration. The purpose of this study is to examine if there is a functional dependence between HU values and transformation-based or Xe-CT derived ventilation. METHODS: 4DCT images acquired from 13 patients prior to radiation therapy and 4 mechanically ventilated sheep subjects which also have associated Xe-CT images were used for this analysis...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047749/we-h-202-01-memorial-introduction
#10
N Kirby
: Deformable image registration has now been commercially available for several years, with solid performance in a number of sites and for several applications including contour and dose mapping. However, more complex applications have arisen, such as assessing response to radiation therapy over time, registering images pre- and post-surgery, and auto-segmentation from atlases. These applications require innovative registration algorithms to achieve accurate alignment. The goal of this session is to highlight emerging registration technology and these new applications...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047165/we-ab-202-03-quantifying-ventilation-change-due-to-radiation-therapy-using-4dct-jacobian-calculations
#11
T Patton, K Du, G Christensen, J Reinhardt, J Bayouth
PURPOSE: Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and image registration can be used to determine regional lung ventilation changes after radiation therapy (RT). This study aimed to determine if lung ventilation change following radiation therapy was affected by the pre-RT ventilation of the lung. METHODS: 13 subjects had three 4DCT scans: two repeat scans acquired before RT and one three months after RT. Regional ventilation was computed using Jacobian determinant calculations on the registered 4DCT images...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047096/we-h-202-02-biomechanical-modeling-of-anatomical-response-over-the-course-of-therapy
#12
K Brock
: Deformable image registration has now been commercially available for several years, with solid performance in a number of sites and for several applications including contour and dose mapping. However, more complex applications have arisen, such as assessing response to radiation therapy over time, registering images pre- and post-surgery, and auto-segmentation from atlases. These applications require innovative registration algorithms to achieve accurate alignment. The goal of this session is to highlight emerging registration technology and these new applications...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046433/we-h-202-03-accounting-for-large-geometric-changes-during-radiotherapy
#13
G Hugo
: Deformable image registration has now been commercially available for several years, with solid performance in a number of sites and for several applications including contour and dose mapping. However, more complex applications have arisen, such as assessing response to radiation therapy over time, registering images pre- and post-surgery, and auto-segmentation from atlases. These applications require innovative registration algorithms to achieve accurate alignment. The goal of this session is to highlight emerging registration technology and these new applications...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011844/the-visible-heart%C3%A2-project-and-free-access-website-atlas-of-human-cardiac-anatomy
#14
Paul A Iaizzo
AIMS: Pre- and post-evaluations of implantable cardiac devices require innovative and critical testing in all phases of the design process. The Visible Heart(®) Project was successfully launched in 1997 and 3 years later the Atlas of Human Cardiac Anatomy website was online. The Visible Heart(®) methodologies and Atlas website can be used to better understand human cardiac anatomy, disease states and/or to improve cardiac device design throughout the development process. METHODS AND RESULTS: To date, Visible(®) Heart methodologies have been used to reanimate 75 human hearts, all considered non-viable for transplantation...
December 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004739/molecular-characterization-of-firefly-nuptial-gifts-a-multi-omics-approach-sheds-light-on-postcopulatory-sexual-selection
#15
Nooria Al-Wathiqui, Timothy R Fallon, Adam South, Jing-Ke Weng, Sara M Lewis
Postcopulatory sexual selection is recognized as a key driver of reproductive trait evolution, including the machinery required to produce endogenous nuptial gifts. Despite the importance of such gifts, the molecular composition of the non-gametic components of male ejaculates and their interactions with female reproductive tracts remain poorly understood. During mating, male Photinus fireflies transfer to females a spermatophore gift manufactured by multiple reproductive glands. Here we combined transcriptomics of both male and female reproductive glands with proteomics and metabolomics to better understand the synthesis, composition and fate of the spermatophore in the common Eastern firefly, Photinus pyralis...
December 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002413/trends-in-art-initiation-among-men-and-non-pregnant-non-breastfeeding-women-before-and-after-option-b-in-southern-malawi
#16
Kathryn Dovel, Sara Yeatman, Joep J van Oosterhout, Adrienne Chan, Alfred Mantengeni, Megan Landes, Richard Bedell, Gift Kawalazira, Sumeet Sodhi
BACKGROUND: Option B+ is promoted as a key component to eliminating vertical transmission of HIV; however, little is known about the policy's impact on non-targeted populations, such as men and non-pregnant/non-breastfeeding women. We compare ART uptake among non-targeted populations during pre/post Option B+ periods in Zomba District, Malawi. METHODS: Individual-level ART registry data from 27 health facilities were digitized and new ART initiates were disaggregated by sex and type of initiate (Option B+ or not)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001488/the-gift-of-hope-crafting-a-new-narrative-for-lossa-review-of-the-crafting-of-grief-constructing-aesthetic-responses-to-loss-by-lorraine-hedtke-and-john-winslade-new-york-routledge-2017-224-pp-isbn-978-1138916876-44-95
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993907/prevalence-and-correlates-of-sexual-and-gender-based-violence-against-chinese-adolescent-women-who-are-involved-in-commercial-sex-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Xu-Dong Zhang, Sierra Myers, Hong-Juan Yang, Yun Li, Ji-Hong Li, Wei Luo, Stanley Luchters
OBJECTIVES: Despite the vast quantity of research among Chinese female sex workers (FSWs) to address concerns regarding HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk, there is a paucity of research on issues of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) and the missed opportunity for sexual and reproductive health (SRH) promotion among young FSWs. Our research aimed to assess the prevalence and correlates of SGBV among Chinese adolescent FSWs, and to explore SRH service utilisation. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a one-stage cluster sampling method was employed...
December 19, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980201/expanding-access-to-gifted-education
#19
Brad Wible
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978407/community-perspectives-on-access-to-and-availability-of-healthy-food-in-rural-low-resource-latino-communities
#20
Zulema Valdez, A Susana Ramírez, Erendira Estrada, Kathleen Grassi, Stephanie Nathan
INTRODUCTION: Attention has focused on the food environment as a result of the growing concern with obesity rates among Latinos in rural areas. Researchers have observed associations between a lack of physical access to affordable produce in areas where supermarkets and grocery stores are limited and poor dietary intake and obesity; these associations are high in rural, low-resource neighborhoods with a high population of Latino residents. We aimed to engage residents of low-resource, Latino-majority neighborhoods in discussions of food access in a rural yet agricultural community setting, which is typically described as a "food desert...
December 15, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
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