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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752000/noncompliance-of-patients-with-driving-restrictions-due-to-uncontrolled-epilepsy
#1
Laurent M Willems, Philipp S Reif, Susanne Knake, Hajo M Hamer, Constantin Willems, Günter Krämer, Felix Rosenow, Adam Strzelczyk
Epilepsies are a common and chronic neurological disorder characterized by sustained risk of recurrent seizures. Because of paroxysmal and often unpredictable occurrence of seizures, patients with uncontrolled epilepsy are subject to disease-specific restrictions in daily life, such as their career choice or specific work limitations. According to German law and many other European and international guidelines, driving is strictly prohibited in patients with uncontrolled epilepsy so as to increase active and passive safety in public road traffic...
May 9, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743876/examining-a-sequential-mediation-model-of-chinese-university-students-well-being-a-career-construction-perspective
#2
Mingke Zhuang, Zhuolin She, Zijun Cai, Zheng Huang, Qian Xiang, Ping Wang, Fei Zhu
Despite career construction theory attends to individual subjective career and provides a useful lens to study well-being, extant research has yielded limited insights into the mechanisms through which career construction variables influence individual well-being. To address this important gap, the present study examined a mediation model that links indicators of career adaptivity (big-five personality and approach/avoidance traits) to psychological well-being (psychological flourishing and life satisfaction) through career adaptability and in sequent meaning of life (presence of life meaning and search for life meaning) among a sample of Chinese university students ( N = 165)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626325/what-to-do-with-a-second-chance-in-life-long-term-experiences-of-non-carriers-of-huntington-s-disease
#3
Elisabeth Winnberg, Ulrika Winnberg, Lilian Pohlkamp, Anette Hagberg
Little is known about how people's lives are influenced when going from a 50% risk status of Huntington's disease (HD) to no risk after performing predictive testing. In this study, 20 interviews were conducted to explore the long-term (> 5 years) experiences after receiving predictive test results as a non-carrier of HD. The results showed a broad variety of both positive and negative reactions. The most prominent positive reaction reported was feelings of relief and gratitude, of not carrying the HD mutation for themselves and for their children...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619357/factors-influencing-american-plastic-surgery-residents-toward-an-academic-career
#4
Matthew D Chetta, Kristoffer B Sugg, Rafael J Diaz-Garcia, Steven J Kasten
Background: Plastic surgery residency program directors have an interest in recruiting applicants who show an interest in an academic practice. Medical school achievements (ie, United States Medical Licensing Examination® scores, publications, and Alpha Omega Alpha status) are metrics assessed to grade applicants but may not correlate with ultimately choosing an academic career. Objective: This study was designed to investigate factors influencing residents' choices for or against academic careers...
February 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615827/antecedents-of-job-search-self-efficacy-of-syrian-refugees-in-greece-and-the-netherlands
#5
Sofija Pajic, Magdalena Ulceluse, Gábor Kismihók, Stefan T Mol, Deanne N den Hartog
The goal of the current study was to investigate the relationships among psychological resources, career barriers, and job search self-efficacy in a sample of post-2014 Syrian refugees. Participants included 330 refugees in Greece and the Netherlands. Data were obtained using paper-based surveys, with all measures translated into Arabic. Drawing from career construction theory (Savickas, 2005), we hypothesized that adaptive readiness, operationalized in terms of psychological capital, would be positively related to job search self-efficacy through career adaptability...
April 2018: Journal of Vocational Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587722/personality-traits-and-career-choices-among-physicians-in-finland-employment-sector-clinical-patient-contact-specialty-and-change-of-specialty
#6
Sari Mullola, Christian Hakulinen, Justin Presseau, David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, Markus Jokela, Taina Hintsa, Marko Elovainio
BACKGROUND: Personality influences an individual's adaptation to a specific job or organization. Little is known about personality trait differences between medical career and specialty choices after graduating from medical school when actually practicing different medical specialties. Moreover, whether personality traits contribute to important career choices such as choosing to work in the private or public sector or with clinical patient contact, as well as change of specialty, have remained largely unexplored...
March 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564264/an-investigation-on-the-level-of-awareness-attitude-and-interest-among-medicine-dentistry-and-pharmacy-students-toward-their-majors-on-entering-university-the-case-of-islamic-azad-university-tehran-medical-sciences-branch
#7
Farhad Adhami Moghadam, Sara Afshari Azad, Mohammad Sahebalzamani, Hojjatollah Farahani, Mojgantabatabaee Jamaran
Introduction: Having awareness, interest, and positive attitude toward one's fields of study leads to the development of a compatibility between demands and expectations on the one hand and future career on the other hand. This study was carried out to determine the level of awareness, attitude, and interest of medicine, dentistry, and pharmacy students of Islamic Azad University, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch toward their own field of study on entering university. Materials and Methods: This research is a basic descriptive study conducted on 273 students who had just entered university...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512883/genetic-counseling-growth-of-the-profession-and-the-professional
#8
Bonnie J Baty
Growth of the profession of genetic counseling has gone hand-in-hand with professional development of individual genetic counselors. Genetic counseling has achieved most of the typical early milestones in the development of a profession. The profession is maturing at a time when the number of practitioners is predicted to vastly expand. The last two decades have seen a proliferation of genetic counselor roles and practice areas, and a distinct professional identity. It is likely that the next two decades will see an increase in educational paths, practice areas, and possibilities for professional advancement...
March 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510607/development-of-a-systematic-career-coaching-program-for-medical-students
#9
Yera Hur, A Ra Cho, Mihye Kwon
PURPOSE: This study aimed to develop a systematic career-coaching program (SCCP) that can be used by medical teaching schools to address a growing need for career-coaching. The program objectives were to help students (1) develop a comprehensive self-understanding of their aptitudes, interests, and personality traits; (2) explore possible career choices and decide on a career path; and (3) develop the competencies needed to prepare for their future careers. METHODS: The SCCP was based on the ADDIE (analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation) model and decision-making questioning model...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468337/psychosocial-impact-of-a-positive-gene-result-for-asymptomatic-relatives-at-risk-of-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#10
Carissa Bonner, Catherine Spinks, Christopher Semsarian, Alex Barratt, Jodie Ingles, Kirsten McCaffery
Families with a history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) may be offered genetic testing in addition to clinical surveillance. Asymptomatic family members who are gene positive (silent gene carriers) represent a new group of "patients" who may not develop HCM, with little evidence available to assist clinical management. This study explored experiences of HCM genetic testing to identify potential benefits and harms. Thirty-two individuals previously offered genetic testing for HCM were recruited...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460111/the-changing-age-of-individuals-seeking-presymptomatic-genetic-testing-for-huntington-disease
#11
Melissa A Holman, John Quillin, Timothy P York, Claudia M Testa, Ami R Rosen, Virginia W Norris
Huntington disease (HD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Presymptomatic genetic testing allows at-risk individuals to clarify their risk status. Understanding the characteristics and motivations of individuals seeking HD presymptomatic genetic testing better equips genetic counselors and other healthcare professionals to provide comprehensive and personalized care. The aims of this study were to (1) determine whether the average age when individuals seek presymptomatic HD genetic testing has decreased over time, (2) assess motivations for seeking testing, (3) explore whether there is a relationship between age and motivations, and (4) explore genetic counselors' perceptions of the shift in age...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456589/employment-status-and-changes-in-working-career-in-relation-to-asthma-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Saara Taponen, Lauri Lehtimäki, Kirsi Karvala, Ritva Luukkonen, Jukka Uitti
Background: Asthmatics confront inconveniences in working life that make it more difficult to pursue a sustainable career, such as unemployment and work disability. Ways of dealing with these inconveniences may be career changes. More needs to be known about the backgrounds and consequences of career changes among asthmatics, especially their relation to asthma or a change in asthma symptoms. The aim of this study was to compare earlier career changes of adults with asthma who are working full time to those who have drifted away from active working life because of work disability, unemployment or early retirement...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345493/jon-douglas-carlson-1945-2017
#13
Matt Englar-Carlson, Jeffrey Kottler
Presents an obituary for Jon Douglas Carlson, who passed away on February 1, 2017, in Madison, Wisconsin, due to complications from a bone marrow transplant. Jon was a leading figure within counseling, psychology, and education, with a specific focus on Adlerian theory and practice. His professional work was informed by over 40 years of clinical practice. During his distinguished career, he published 64 books, 185 articles, and more than 300 training videos adopted by universities around the world. Carlson's professional legacy lives on through the many books and countless hours of professional video sessions, as well as through the healthy, engaged lives of the clients, students, and colleagues that he encouraged, mentored, and supported...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314241/dialysis-access-procedure-training-for-the-nephrologist
#14
Sana Waheed, Laura Maursetter, Alexander Yevzlin
Historically, the placement and maintenance of dialysis access has been an integral part of nephrology training. However, in recent years, a big debate has ensued regarding whether this should be limited to trainees' understanding and counseling the patients regarding indications, alternatives, risks and possible complications of these procedures or should it actually involve more of a hands-on experience for the trainees. Some of the barriers in making these procedures a requirement across the board are the lack of standardization of procedural training across various training programs and the absence of consensus on what achieving competency in these procedures looks like...
March 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233435/creation-of-an-active-learning-healthcare-communications-course-using-simulations-relevant-to-pharmacy-practice
#15
Izabela A Collier, David M Baker
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to design and develop a health care communications course built around practice-like simulations and active learning in the first year of a professional pharmacy program. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A three-credit health care communications course was divided into one didactic (two hours per week) and three simulation components (one hour per week). The simulation components consisted of one written patient education pamphlet, three group presentations, and three one-on-one patient counseling sessions...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178566/bridging-the-gap-for-future-clinician-educators
#16
Christen K Dilly, W Graham Carlos, Krista Hoffmann-Longtin, John Buckley, Anna Burgner
BACKGROUND: In contrast to the training required in the UK, opportunities for medical education training in the USA are limited. Resident-as-teacher programmes are typically insufficient to prepare trainees to be successful clinician-educators, but few pursue formal education degrees. We sought to assess the need for, and feasibility of, a training pathway for subspecialty fellows in a large Department of Medicine that would prepare our trainees to become effective educators. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative methods were used...
November 27, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166354/smoothing-the-transition-points-in-canadian-medical-education
#17
Nick Busing, Jay Rosenfield, Kamal Rungta, Matt Raegele, Andrew Warren, Bruce Wright, Mark Walton, Ivy Oandasan, Anthony Sanfilippo, Anurag Saxena
In 2010 the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada, Collège des médecins du Québec, College of Family Physicians of Canada, and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada launched The Future of Medical Education in Canada Postgraduate (FMEC PG) Project to examine postgraduate medical education (PGME) in Canada and make recommendations for improvement. One recommendation that emerged concerns the transitions learners experience across the undergraduate medical education-PGME-practice continuum...
November 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140793/medical-specialty-preferences-in-early-medical-school-training-in-canada
#18
Anthony Vo, Laurie McLean, Matthew D F McInnes
Objectives: To understand what medical students consider when choosing their specialty, prior to significant clinical exposure to develop strategies to provide adequate career counseling. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed by distributing optional questionnaires to 165 first-year medical students at the University of Ottawa in their first month of training with a sample yield of 54.5% (n=90).  Descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, Spearman's rank correlation, Cronbach's alpha coefficient, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin Measure, and exploratory factor analyses were used to analyze the anonymized results...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140582/abortion-knowledge-and-experiences-among-u-s-servicewomen-a-qualitative-study
#19
Kate Grindlay, Jane W Seymour, Laura Fix, Sarah Reiger, Brianna Keefe-Oates, Daniel Grossman
CONTEXT: U.S. servicewomen have a higher rate of unintended pregnancy than civilian women, yet the military does not provide or cover abortion, except in limited circumstances. Servicewomen's experiences with abortion care have received little research attention. METHODS: Twenty-one in-depth interviews with servicewomen who had had an abortion during active-duty service in the prior two years were conducted between January 2015 and July 2016. Women reported on their experiences accessing abortion, as well as their knowledge and opinions of the military's abortion policy...
December 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101937/an-organization-model-to-assist-individual-physicians-scientists-and-senior-health-care-administrators-with-personal-and-professional-needs
#20
REVIEW
Tait D Shanafelt, Deborah J Lightner, Christopher R Conley, Steven P Petrou, Jarrett W Richardson, Pamela J Schroeder, William A Brown
Working as a physician, scientist, or senior health care administrator is a demanding career. Studies have demonstrated that burnout and other forms of distress are common among individuals in these professions, with potentially substantive personal and professional consequences. In addition to system-level interventions to promote well-being globally, health care organizations must provide robust support systems to assist individuals in distress. Here, we describe the 15-year experience of the Mayo Clinic Office of Staff Services (OSS) providing peer support to physicians, scientists, and senior administrators at one center...
November 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
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