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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725786/structured-annual-faculty-review-program-accelerates-professional-development-and-promotion-long-term-experience-of-the-duke-university-medical-center-s-pathology-department
#1
Stanley J Robboy, Roger McLendon
This retrospective observational study on faculty development analyzes the Duke University Pathology Department's 18-year experience with a structured mentoring program involving 51 junior faculty members. The majority had MD degrees only (55%). The percentage of young women faculty hires before 1998 was 25%, increasing to 72% after 2005. Diversity also broadened from 9% with varied heritages before 1998 to 37% since then. The mentoring process pivoted on an annual review process. The reviews generally helped candidates focus much earlier, identified impediments they individually felt, and provided new avenues to gain a national reputation for academic excellence...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719918/-the-wish-for-a-child-in-the-case-of-permanent-infertility-development-of-the-german-questionnaire-on-attitudes-toward-motherhood
#2
Maike Fliegner, Hertha Richter-Appelt, Kerstin Krupp, Franziska Brunner
Study 1 Development of the questionnaire Most questionnaires on attitudes toward motherhood presume that the subject is fertile and positive and negative attitudes are represented on a one-dimensional scale. Moreover, the questionnaires often do not provide German versions and German norms. The aim of this study is to examine whether the German Questionnaire on Attitudes toward Motherhood ("FEMu") can be used to describe attitudes toward motherhood multi-dimensionally and whether it is applicable independent of a person's fertility status...
July 18, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662532/-dancing-with-pointe-shoes-characteristics-and-assessment-criteria-for-pointe-readiness
#3
Eileen M Wanke, Elisabeth Exner-Grave
Training with pointe shoes is an integral part of professional dance education and ambitious hobby dancing. Pointe shoes - developed more than hundred years ago and almost unaltered since then - are highly specific and strike a balance between aesthetics, function, protection, and health care. Therefore, pointe readiness should be tested prior to all dance training or career training. Medical specialists are often confronted with this issue. Specific anatomical dance technique-orientated general conditional and coordinative preconditions as well as dance-technical prerequisites must be met by pointe readiness tests in order to keep traumatic injuries or long-term damage at a minimum...
June 29, 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658017/rethinking-the-match-a-proposal-for-modern-match-making
#4
Chris Ray, Steven E Bishop, Alan W Dow
Since the 1950s, the National Resident Matching Program, or "the Match," has governed the placement of medical students into residencies. The Match was created to protect students in an era when residency positions outnumbered applicants and hospitals pressured students early in their academic careers to commit to a residency position. Now, however, applicants outnumber positions, applicants are applying to increasing numbers of programs, and the costs of the Match for applicants and programs are high. Meanwhile, medical education is evolving toward a competency-based approach, a U...
June 27, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608232/emotional-distress-among-physician-residents-and-fellows-an-observational-study-of-trainees-seeking-counseling-visits
#5
Anna Golob, Lauren A Beste, Mindy Stern, Kay Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Emotional distress, burnout, and depression occur frequently among graduate medical education (GME) trainees and may negatively affect patient care, education, and well-being. The authors aimed to characterize the causes and severity of distress among GME trainees seeking on-site counseling services at a large, multi-site, university-based training program in the USA. METHODS: The authors analyzed visits of all GME trainees seeking counseling from 2009 to 2012 and described trainee characteristics, level of distress, chief and secondary complaints, and initial visit outcomes...
June 12, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576893/motivation-of-dutch-high-school-students-from-various-backgrounds-for-applying-to-study-medicine-a-qualitative-study
#6
Anouk Wouters, Gerda Croiset, Ulviye Isik, Rashmi A Kusurkar
OBJECTIVE: To explore high school students' motivation for applying to study medicine and the factors that influence this. To find explanations for under-representation of minority students in medical education, descriptions of motivation of students with different background characteristics were compared. DESIGN: Qualitative phenomenological study using semistructured one-on-one interviews. SETTING: One predominantly white and one mixed high school in a large multicultural city in the Netherlands...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546319/effect-on-return-to-work-or-education-of-individual-placement-and-support-modified-for-people-with-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-results-of-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#7
Lone Hellström, Per Bech, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft, Jane Lindschou, Lene Falgaard Eplov
OBJECTIVES: The effect of Individual Placement and Support (IPS) on return to work or education among people with mood or anxiety disorders is unclear, while IPS increases return to work for people with severe mental illness. We examined the effect of IPS modified for people with mood and anxiety disorders (IPS-MA) on return to work and education compared with services as usual (SAU). METHODS: In a randomised clinical superiority trial, 326 participants with mood and anxiety disorders were centrally randomised to IPS-MA, consisting of individual mentor support and career counselling (n=162) or SAU (n=164)...
May 25, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513617/the-perceived-impact-of-the-european-registration-system-for-genetic-counsellors-and-nurses
#8
Milena Paneque, Ramona Moldovan, Christophe Cordier, Clara Serra-Juhé, Irene Feroce, Sara Pasalodos, Emmanuelle Haquet, Debby Lambert, Inga Bjørnevoll, Heather Skirton
The aim of the European Board of Medical Genetics has been to develop and promote academic and professional standards necessary in order to provide competent genetic counselling services. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of the European registration system for genetic nurses and counsellors from the perspectives of those professionals who have registered. Registration system was launched in 2013. A cross-sectional, online survey was used to explore the motivations and experiences of those applying for, and the effect of registration on their career...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468682/unto-the-third-generation-evidence-for-strong-familial-aggregation-of-physicians-psychologists-and-psychotherapists-among-first-year-medical-and-psychology-students-in-a-nationwide-austrian-cohort-census
#9
Ulrich S Tran, Nina Berger, Martin E Arendasy, Tobias Greitemeyer, Monika Himmelbauer, Florian Hutzler, Hans-Georg Kraft, Karl Oettl, Ilona Papousek, Oliver Vitouch, Martin Voracek
BACKGROUND: Medical students present higher numbers of physician relatives than expectable from the total population prevalence of physicians. Evidence for such a familial aggregation effect of physicians has emerged in investigations from the Anglo-American, Scandinavian, and German-speaking areas. In particular, past data from Austria suggest a familial aggregation of the medical, as well as of the psychological and psychotherapeutic, professions among medical and psychology undergraduates alike...
May 3, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422531/femoroacetabular-impingement-in-professional-football-players-return-to-play-and-predictors-of-career-length-after-hip-arthroscopy
#10
Travis J Menge, Sanjeev Bhatia, Shannen C McNamara, Karen K Briggs, Marc J Philippon
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown hip arthroscopy to be a highly effective treatment for symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in a wide range of athletes; however, the rate of return to play and length of career after hip arthroscopy in professional football players are unknown. PURPOSE: To determine how many athletes returned to professional football and the number of seasons they played after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
July 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414471/the-reciprocal-dynamic-model-of-career-decision-ambiguity-tolerance-with-career-indecision-a-longitudinal-three-wave-investigation
#11
Hui Xu, Terence J G Tracey
The current study investigated the dynamic interplay of career decision ambiguity tolerance and career indecision over 3 assessment times in a sample of college students (n = 583). While the previous research has repeatedly shown an association of career decision ambiguity tolerance with career indecision, the direction of this association has not been adequately assessed with longitudinal investigation. It was hypothesized in this study that there is a reciprocal pattern of career decision ambiguity tolerance leading to subsequent career indecision and career indecision leading to subsequent career decision ambiguity tolerance...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368273/consensus-statement-of-the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-on-evaluation-and-management-of-learning-disability
#12
M K C Nair, Chhaya Prasad, Jeeson Unni, Anjan Bhattacharya, S S Kamath, Samir Dalwai
JUSTIFICATION: Learning Disability (LD) in children is a well-recognized developmental disorder, which has profound academic and psychosocial consequences. Due to the complex nature of LD and multiple disadvantages posed to the child due to LD, a multidisciplinary approach towards intervention is warranted. Given the paucity of evidence-based standardized treatment approaches, consensus guidelines for management of LD are needed. PROCESS: The meeting on formulation of national consensus guidelines on neurodevelopmental disorders was organized by Indian Academy of Pediatrics in Mumbai, on 18th and 19th December, 2015...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319337/impact-of-mild-to-severe-hemophilia-on-education-and-work-by-us-men-women-and-caregivers-of-children-with-hemophilia-b-the-bridging-hemophilia-b-experiences-results-and-opportunities-into-solutions-b-hero-s-study
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Susan Cutter, Don Molter, Spencer Dunn, Susan Hunter, Skye Peltier, Kimberly Haugstad, Neil Frick, Natalia Holot, David L Cooper
The psychosocial impact of hemophilia on work was recently investigated in the Hemophilia Experiences, Results and Opportunities (HERO) study. The findings revealed that hemophilia had an impact for adults with moderate/severe hemophilia and caregivers of children with hemophilia. HERO did not specifically evaluate impact on education in adults/children with mild/moderate hemophilia or the impact on employment of spouses/partners of caregivers of affected children. The Bridging Hemophilia B Experiences, Results and Opportunities into Solutions (B-HERO-S) study evaluated the impact of hemophilia on the lives of adult men/women with mild-severe hemophilia B and caregivers of boys/girls with hemophilia B and their spouses/partners...
April 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289854/seekers-finders-settlers-and-stumblers-identifying-the-career-paths-of-males-in-the-genetic-counseling-profession
#14
Anthony Chen, Pat McCarthy Veach, Cheri Schoonveld, Heather Zierhut
Genetic counseling is a female-dominated profession, with 96% of counselors self-identifying as female. Research suggests gender diversification benefits healthcare professionals and the populations they serve. Therefore, this study explored how men choose a genetic counseling career, associations between career satisfaction and their career entry dynamics and experience levels, and differences due to experience level in how they decide on this profession. Twenty-five novice, experienced, or seasoned male counselors and 8 male genetic counseling students participated in semi-structured phone interviews...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288497/-cancer-and-career-a-qualitative-study-of-job-status-of-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#15
Lisa Mentschke, Katja Leuteritz, Lisa Daneck, Nora Breuer, Annekathrin Sender, Michael Friedrich, Erik Nowe, Yve Stöbel-Richter, Kristina Geue
Purpose: To examine the impact of cancer on work and education for AYA. Collect information about AYA's return to work/return to study. Methods: 18 AYA (10 female) aged 18 to 39 (m=27 years) at time of diagnosis completed a semi-structured interview. Qualitative content analysis was used to generate results. Results: 11 of 18 AYA had already returned to work/study. Flexible structures and emotional support of colleagues and managers were reported being helpful. 10 AYA planed or had already reduced job tasks, hours of work or further education...
February 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272113/multidisciplinary-mentoring-programs-to-enhance-junior-faculty-research-grant-success
#16
Stephanie A Freel, Paige C Smith, Ebony N Burns, Joanna B Downer, Ann J Brown, Mark W Dewhirst
PROBLEM: Junior faculty face challenges in establishing independent research careers. Declining funding combined with a shift to multidisciplinary, collaborative science necessitates new mentorship models and enhanced institutional support. APPROACH: Two multidisciplinary mentorship programs to promote grant success for junior faculty were established at the Duke University School of Medicine beginning in 2011. These four-month programs-the Path to Independence Program (PtIP) for National Institutes of Health (NIH) R applicants and the K Club for NIH K applicants-use multiple senior faculty mentors and professional grant-writing staff to provide a 20-hour joint curriculum comprising a series of lectures, hands-on workshops, career development counseling, peer groups, and an internal study section...
March 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259337/what-do-you-want-to-be-when-you-grow-up-career-aspirations-as-a-marker-for-adolescent-well-being
#17
Rebecca N Dudovitz, Paul J Chung, Bergen B Nelson, Mitchell D Wong
OBJECTIVE: "What do you want to be when you grow up?" is a simple, commonly asked question that might provide insight into adolescent well-being. Career aspirations might reflect an adolescent's sense of identity, hope for the future, and self-efficacy, all of which are critical to identifying at-risk youth and intervening on risky behaviors. However, there are no studies on whether career aspirations are associated with adolescent emotional and health behavior outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional surveys of 929 ninth to 12th grade low-income minority adolescents in Los Angeles assessing career aspirations and its association with hopelessness, self-efficacy, substance use, violence, and risky sexual activity...
March 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206808/job-matching-an-interdisciplinary-scoping-study-with-implications-for-vocational-rehabilitation-counseling
#18
Marina Nützi, Bruno Trezzini, Lorenzo Medici, Urban Schwegler
PURPOSE: Matching a person's capabilities and characteristics with the demands and characteristics of their job is crucial for sustainable employment, in particular for persons with disabilities. The present study aims to summarize and synthesize conceptual and empirical knowledge on job matching (JM) from industrial and organizational psychology (IOP), vocational psychology (VP), and return to work (RTW) research. RESEARCH METHOD: We conducted a scoping study applying Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework and using eight electronic databases from psychology, economics, and medicine...
February 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129082/come-join-lead-attracting-students-to-careers-in-aging-and-promoting-involvement-in-gerontological-societies
#19
Jennifer Moye, Victor A Molinari, Michele J Karel, Aanand D Naik, Erin Sakai, Brian D Carpenter
Geriatric educators face the challenge of attracting more clinicians, scientists, and educators into geriatrics and gerontology, and promoting involvement in gerontological societies. A survey of psychologists (N = 100) examined factors that attract students in clinical/counseling psychology to practice with older adults, as well as experiences in organizational service. For 58%, interest in aging began at the undergraduate level, but for others interest developed later. About half cited academic exposure such as mentorship (51%), research (47%), or coursework (45%) as sparking interest, along with family (68%) or work experience (61%)...
January 27, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100274/using-medical-specialty-and-selection-criteria-clusters-to-study-specialty-selection-by-israeli-medical-students
#20
Yoram G Weiss, Rachel Yaffa Zisk-Rony, Howard Tandeter, Uriel Elchalal, Alex Avidan, Josh E Schroeder, Charles Weissman
BACKGROUND: During their final year of medical school, Israeli students must consider which specialty to choose for residency. Based on the vocational counseling literature we presumed that choices are made by selecting from a cluster of related specialties while considering professional and socio-economic issues. METHODS: Questionnaires distributed to final-year medical students at two Israeli medical schools ascertained inclinations toward various medical specialties and the importance of various selection criteria...
January 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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