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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100274/using-medical-specialty-and-selection-criteria-clusters-to-study-specialty-selection-by-israeli-medical-students
#1
Yoram G Weiss, Rachel Yaffa Zisk-Rony, Howard Tandeter, Uriel Elchalal, Alex Avidan, Josh E Schroeder, Charles Weissman
BACKGROUND: During their final year of medical school, Israeli students must consider which specialty to choose for residency. Based on the vocational counseling literature we presumed that choices are made by selecting from a cluster of related specialties while considering professional and socio-economic issues. METHODS: Questionnaires distributed to final-year medical students at two Israeli medical schools ascertained inclinations toward various medical specialties and the importance of various selection criteria...
January 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018764/specialty-preferences-and-the-factors-influencing-them-among-pre-clerkship-medical-students-the-first-study-from-alfaisal-university-college-of-medicine-saudi-arabia
#2
Nouf Alsubaie, Hadeel S Aldhofaian, Lamya Alhuwaimel, Noorah Ruxshan, Fatimah Alghamdi, Ahmad Shamia, Ahmed Abu-Zaid
AIM: To explore the specialty preferences and the factors influencing them among pre-clerkship (second-year and third-year) medical students at Alfaisal University-College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: An online, anonymous, cross-sectional, self-rating survey was administered. The survey explored socio-demographical data, specialty preferences and the factors influencing such preferences. A gender-wise statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: Two hundred fifty-two students participated in the survey (n=252/308; response rate: 81...
November 23, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011107/trainee-perceptions-of-the-canadian-cardiac-surgery-workforce-a-survey-of-canadian-cardiac-surgery-trainees
#3
Holly E M Mewhort, Mackenzie A Quantz, Ansar Hassan, Fraser D Rubens, Zlatko I Pozeg, Louis P Perrault, Christopher M Feindel, Maral Ouzounian
Management of cardiac surgery health human resources (HHR) has been challenging, with recent graduates struggling to secure employment and a shortage of cardiac surgeons predicted as early as 2020. The length of cardiac surgery training prevents HHR supply from adapting in a timely fashion to changes in demand, resulting in a critical need for active workforce management. This study details the results of the 2015 Canadian Society of Cardiac Surgeons (CSCS) workforce survey undertaken as part of the CSCS strategy for active workforce management...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940985/military-personnel-sustaining-lisfranc-injuries-have-high-rates-of-disability-separation
#4
George C Balazs, M G Hanley, G J Pavey, J-Ph Rue
OBJECTIVES: Lisfranc injuries are relatively uncommon midfoot injuries disproportionately affecting young, active males. Previous studies in civilian populations have reported relatively good results with operative treatment. However, treatment results have not been specifically examined in military personnel, who may have higher physical demands than the general population. The purpose of this study was to examine rates of return to military duty following surgical treatment of isolated Lisfranc injuries...
December 9, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895604/virtue-existential-career-model-a-dialectic-and-integrative-approach-echoing-eastern-philosophy
#5
Shu-Hui Liu, Jui-Ping Hung, Hsin-I Peng, Chia-Hui Chang, Yi-Jen Lu
Our Virtue Existential Career (VEC) model aims at complementing western modernism and postmodernism career theories with eastern philosophy. With dialectical philosophy and virtue-practice derived from the Classic of Changes, the VEC theoretical foundation incorporates merits from Holland typology, Minnesota Theory of Work Adjustment, Social Cognitive Career Theory, Meaning Therapy, Narrative Approach Career Counseling, and Happenstance Learning Theory. While modernism considers a matched job as an ideal career vision and prefers rational strategies (controlling and realizing) to achieve job security; postmodernism prefers appreciating and adapting strategies toward openness and appreciates multiple possible selves and occupations, our model pursues a blending of security and openness via controlling-and-realizing and appreciating-and-adapting interwoven with each other in a dialectical and harmonious way...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891334/life-orientation-test-revised-lot-r-versus-academic-score-in-various-first-year-health-professional-students
#6
Puja Dulloo, Neeraj Vedi, Achleshwar Gandotra
INTRODUCTION: Health field per se requires mental, physical and psychological steadiness and wellbeing. In modern times decline in psychological and physical health has been observed in student after admission in health education program. Factors like perfectionism, self-esteem, personal and professional consequence have affected their academic score directly or indirectly. Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) instrument measures optimism in relation to self-esteem of individual. A better score will show more confidence level of the student...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832509/genetic-counseling-assistants-an-integral-piece-of-the-evolving-genetic-counseling-service-delivery-model
#7
Sara Pirzadeh-Miller, Linda S Robinson, Parker Read, Theodora S Ross
This study explores the potential impact of the genetic counseling assistant (GCA) position on the efficiency of the genetic counseling field, evaluates attitudes regarding expansion of the genetic counseling field to include the GCA, and presents data on GCA endeavors and GCA job tasks as reported by GCAs, certified genetic counselors (CGCs), and program directors (PDs). Data on GCA roles and attitudes toward different aspects of the GCA position were collected via surveys of CGCs who have worked with GCAs, PDs who have and have not had experience with GCAs in their programs, and GCAs...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807260/high-school-sport-specialization-patterns-of-current-division-i-athletes
#8
Eric G Post, Jill M Thein-Nissenbaum, Mikel R Stiffler, M Alison Brooks, David R Bell, Jennifer L Sanfilippo, Stephanie M Trigsted, Bryan C Heiderscheit, Timothy A McGuine
BACKGROUND: Sport specialization is a strategy to acquire superior sport performance in 1 sport but is associated with increased injury risk. Currently, the degree of high school specialization among Division I athletes is unknown. HYPOTHESIS: College athletes will display increased rates of specialization as they progress through their high school careers. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4...
November 2, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785707/medical-malpractice-in-dermatology-part-ii-%C3%A2-what-to-do-once-you-have-been-served-with-a-lawsuit
#9
Vidhi V Shah, Marshall B Kapp, Stephen E Wolverton
Facing a malpractice lawsuit can be a daunting and traumatic experience for healthcare practitioners, with most clinicians naïve to the legal landscape. It is crucial for physicians to know and understand the malpractice system and his or her role once challenged with litigation. We present part II of a two-part series addressing the most common medicolegal questions that cause a great deal of anxiety. Part I focused upon risk-management strategies and prevention of malpractice lawsuits, whereas part II provides helpful suggestions and guidance for the physician who has been served with a lawsuit complaint...
December 2016: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771761/being-prepared-to-work-in-gynecology-medicine-evaluation-of-an-intervention-to-promote-junior-gynecologists-professionalism-mental-health-and-job-satisfaction
#10
Stefanie Mache, Lisa Baresi, Monika Bernburg, Karin Vitzthum, David Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Dealing with work-related stress is highly prevalent for employees in Gynecology Medicine. Junior physicians, in particular, have to face high working demands and challenges while starting their medical career after graduation. Job resources (i.e., social support) and personal resources (coping skills) might reduce job strain. The evidence for supportive and effective mental health interventions for clinicians is limited. Offering psychosocial skill training for entrants in Gynecology Medicine is expected to be highly beneficial...
October 22, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723074/breast-cancer-in-young-women
#11
Barbara Radecka, Maria Litwiniuk
Breast cancer (BC) in young women is rare, affecting only 4-6% of women under the age of 40. Regardless, BC remains the most common malignancy among younger patients. Recently, a significant increase in BC rates has been observed among pre-menopausal subjects. Breast cancer in young women requires special attention due to its specific morphologic and prognostic characteristics and unique aspects, including fertility preservation and psychosocial issues (e.g. its impact on family life and career). Young women are more likely to have tumors with higher incidence of negative clinicopathologic features (higher histological grade, more lymph node positivity, lower estrogen receptor (ER) positivity, higher rates of Her2/neu overexpression)...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697140/individual-fertility-assessment-and-counselling-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#12
Kathrine Birch Petersen
The overall aim of this thesis was to validate the new concept of the Fertility Assessment and Counselling (FAC) Clinic at Rigshospitalet. The intention was to: explore the prognostic value of fertility risk factors by a risk score and provide an estimate of female fecundity, to quantify the impact of oral contraception (OC) on ovarian reserve parameters defined as Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH), Antral Follicle Count (AFC) and ovarian volume, and to gain knowledge of attitudes and considerations toward family formation in women of advanced age...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673396/impact-of-a-leadership-development-institute-on-professional-lives-and-careers
#13
Nancy Purdy
An evaluation study was conducted to determine the impact of a leadership institute, The Dorothy Wylie Health Leaders Institute (DWHLI), over the decade since its inception. The aim was to better understand the perceived influence of the Institute over time on professional lives and careers of alumni and identify the critical design features that supported leadership development. Nurses and other health disciplines from all levels of leadership and from most provinces completed an online survey (n = 165) and a subset was interviewed (n = 33)...
2016: Nursing Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615123/nutritional-supplement-use-by-dutch-elite-and-sub-elite-athletes-does-receiving-dietary-counselling-make-a-difference
#14
Floris C Wardenaar, Ingrid Jm Ceelen, Jan-Willem Van Dijk, Roland Wj Hangelbroek, Lore Van Roy, Britte Van der Pouw, Jeanne Hm De Vries, Marco Mensink, Renger F Witkamp
The use of nutritional supplements is highly prevalent among athletes. In this cross-sectional study we assessed the prevalence of nutritional supplement use by a large group of Dutch competitive athletes in relation to dietary counselling. A total of 778 athletes (407 males and 371 females) completed a web-based questionnaire about the use of nutritional supplements. Log-binomial regression models were applied to estimate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) for the use of individual nutritional supplements in athletes receiving dietary counselling as compared to athletes not receiving dietary counselling...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588223/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-smoking-among-final-year-medical-students-a-multicentric-survey-from-pakistan
#15
Mohammad U Khubaib, Zuhaib Y Shahid, Sameed K Lodhi, Hamza Malik, Mohsin M Jan
Introduction Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer around the world. In a developing country like Pakistan with low levels of literacy and general awareness about adverse effects of smoking, doctors play a pivotal role in educating the masses about its harmful consequences and providing support for smoking cessation. However, their efficacy is affected if they smoke themselves, and oftentimes the habits cultivated during educational recourse are carried into the professional careers. The aim of this study was to document the prevalence of smoking among final year medical students of Lahore, Pakistan, and the factors associated with it...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581504/career-advice-for-young-allergy-patients
#16
Katja Radon, Dennis Nowak, Christian Vogelberg, Franziska Ruëff
BACKGROUND: One-third of all young persons entering the work force have a history of atopic disease. Occupationally induced allergy and asthma generally arise in the first few months on the job, while pre-existing symptoms tend to worsen. Young persons with a history of an atopic disease should receive evidence-based advice before choosing a career. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed for cohort studies investigating the new onset of asthma, rhinitis, or hand eczema among job trainees from before the start of training and onward into the first few years on the job...
August 8, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497449/interconnections-between-my-research-and-experience-as-a-caregiver-impacts-on-empirical-and-personal-perspectives
#17
Lisa Fredman
Shortly after I received my first R01 grant to study the health effects of caregiving, my sister and I became caregivers to our father. For the next 13 years, we helped him with activities of daily living (ADLs), accompanied him to doctors' appointments, arranged for home health care, and finally for home hospice. At first, I was able to connect our assistance with ADLs, frustration with coordinating his care, and our psychological stress with my epidemiologic studies. My familiarity with the language of caregiving and long-term care helped us to navigate the medical and home care systems, and to be advocates for my father...
August 6, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486906/platinum-induced-hearing-loss-after-treatment-for-childhood-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Jorrit W van As, Henk van den Berg, Elvira C van Dalen
BACKGROUND: Platinum-based therapy, including cisplatin, carboplatin, oxaliplatin or a combination of these, is used to treat a variety of paediatric malignancies. Unfortunately, one of the most important adverse effects is the occurrence of hearing loss or ototoxicity. There is a wide variation in the reported prevalence of platinum-induced ototoxicity and the associated risk factors. More insight into the prevalence of and risk factors for platinum-induced hearing loss is essential in order to develop less ototoxic treatment protocols for the future treatment of children with cancer and to develop adequate follow-up protocols for childhood cancer survivors treated with platinum-based therapy...
August 3, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440981/capacity-building-for-career-paths-in-public-health-and-biomedical-research-for-undergraduate-minority-students-a-jackson-heart-study-success-model
#19
Wendy Brown White, Asoka Srinivasan, Cheryl Nelson, Nimr Fahmy, Frances Henderson
OBJECTIVE: This article chronicles the building of individual student capacity as well as faculty and institutional capacity, within the context of a population-based, longitudinal study of African Americans and cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this article is to present preliminary data documenting the results of this approach. DESIGN: The JHS Scholars program is designed, under the organizational structure of the Natural Sciences Division at Tougaloo College, to provide solid preparation in quantitative skills through: good preparation in mathematics and the sciences; a high level of reading comprehension; hands-on learning experiences; and mentoring and counseling to sustain the motivation of the students to pursue further studies...
July 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348551/development-and-validation-of-an-instrument-to-assess-future-orientation-and-resilience-in-adolescence
#20
Ilaria Di Maggio, Maria Cristina Ginevra, Laura Nota, Salvatore Soresi
The study is aimed at providing the development and initial validation of the Design My Future (DMF), which may be administered in career counseling and research activities to assess adolescents' future orientation and resilience. Two studies with two independent samples of Italian adolescents were conducted to examine psychometric requisites of DMF. Specifically, in the first study, after developing items and examined the content validity, the factorial structure, reliability and discriminant validity of the DMF were tested...
August 2016: Journal of Adolescence
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