Read by QxMD icon Read


Mikhail Kosiborod, Carolyn S P Lam, Shun Kohsaka, Dae Jung Kim, Avraham Karasik, Jonathan Shaw, Navdeep Tangri, Su-Yen Goh, Marcus Thuresson, Hungta Chen, Filip Surmont, Niklas Hammar, Peter Fenici
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials demonstrated lower risk of cardiovascular (CV) events with sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT-2i) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) at high CV risk. Prior real-world data suggested similar SGLT-2i effects in T2D patients with broader risk profile, but focused on heart failure and death, and were limited to US and Europe. OBJECTIVES: To examine a broad range of CV outcomes in patients initiated on SGLT-2i vs. other glucose lowering drugs (oGLD) across six countries in Asia Pacific, Middle East and North America (NCT02993614)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Karin Rådholm, Gemma Figtree, Vlado Perkovic, Scott D Solomon, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Dick de Zeeuw, Greg Fulcher, Terrance D Barrett, Wayne Shaw, Mehul Desai, David R Matthews, Bruce Neal
BACKGROUND : Canagliflozin is a sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor that reduces the risk of cardiovascular events. We report the effects on heart failure and cardiovascular death overall, in those with and without a baseline history of heart failure, and in other participant subgroups. METHODS : The CANVAS Program (Canagliflozin Cardiovascular Assessment Study) enrolled 10 142 participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus and high cardiovascular risk. Participants were randomly assigned to canagliflozin or placebo and followed for a mean of 188 weeks...
March 11, 2018: Circulation
Petar M Seferović, Mark C Petrie, Gerasimos S Filippatos, Stefan D Anker, Giuseppe Rosano, Johann Bauersachs, Walter J Paulus, Michel Komajda, Francesco Cosentino, Rudolf A de Boer, Dimitrios Farmakis, Wolfram Doehner, Ekaterini Lambrinou, Yuri Lopatin, Massimo F Piepoli, Michael J Theodorakis, Henrik Wiggers, John Lekakis, Alexandre Mebazaa, Mamas A Mamas, Carsten Tschöpe, Arno W Hoes, Jelena P Seferović, Jennifer Logue, Theresa McDonagh, Jillian P Riley, Ivan Milinković, Marija Polovina, Dirk J van Veldhuisen, Mitja Lainscak, Aldo P Maggioni, Frank Ruschitzka, John J V McMurray
The coexistence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and heart failure (HF), either with reduced (HFrEF) or preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), is frequent (30-40% of patients) and associated with a higher risk of HF hospitalization, all-cause and cardiovascular (CV) mortality. The most important causes of HF in T2DM are coronary artery disease, arterial hypertension and a direct detrimental effect of T2DM on the myocardium. T2DM is often unrecognized in HF patients, and vice versa, which emphasizes the importance of an active search for both disorders in the clinical practice...
March 8, 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
Anne Pernille Ofstad, Dan Atar, Lars Gullestad, Gisle Langslet, Odd Erik Johansen
Diabetes and heart failure (HF) are both global epidemics with tremendous costs on society with increased rates of HF hospitalizations and worsened prognosis when co-existing, making it a significant "deadly duo." The evidence for pharmacological treatment of HF in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) stems typically from either subgroup analyses of patients that were recruited to randomized controlled trials of HF interventions, usually in patients with reduced ejection fraction (EF), or from subgroup analyses of HF patients recruited to cardiovascular (CV) outcome trials (CVOT) of glucose lowering agents involving patients with T2DM...
March 8, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
Rhona Johnston, Olalekan Uthman, Ewen Cummins, Christine Clar, Pamela Royle, Jill Colquitt, Bee Kang Tan, Andrew Clegg, Saran Shantikumar, Rachel Court, J Paul O'Hare, David McGrane, Tim Holt, Norman Waugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
D Li, J Yufeng Yang, T Wang, S Shen, H Tang
BACKGROUND: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently issued a safety communication requiring new warnings of increased leg and foot amputation risk be added to canagliflozin drug labelling. However, the risk associated with other sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) remains uncertain. AIM: This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the potential risks of diabetic foot syndrome (DFS) and amputation associated with SGLT2i. METHODS: Relevant databases were searched from inception to June 14, 2017 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated risks of DFS and amputation associated with SGLT2i use...
February 13, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism
Mahakpreet Singh, Anoop Kumar
Sodium glucose co-transport 2 inhibitors (SGLT2-i) are the new class of anti-diabetic medications which are the recently approved (2013) by FDA for the treatment of diabetes. These inhibitors block the SGLT2 protein which involved in glucose reabsorption from proximal renal tubule which results in increased glucose excretion and lower blood glucose levels. These inhibitors exert favourable effects beyond glucose control such as consistent body weight, blood pressure, and serum uric acid reductions. Canagliflozin, Dapagliflozin, and Empagliflozin belong to the class of SGLT2 inhibitors...
February 25, 2018: Current Drug Safety
Samuel Seidu, Setor K Kunutsor, Xavier Cos, Syed Gillani, Kamlesh Khunti
BACKGROUND: Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors may have renal protective effects in people with impaired kidney function. We assessed the use of SGLT2 inhibitors in people with type 2 diabetes with or without renal impairment [defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of ≥30 and <60ml/min/1.73m2 and/or UACR>300 and ≤5000mg/g] by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of available studies. METHODS: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were identified from MEDLINE, EMABASE, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, and search of bibliographies to March 2017...
February 23, 2018: Primary Care Diabetes
Shin-Ichi Harashima, Nobuya Inagaki, Kazuoki Kondo, Nobuko Maruyama, Makiko Otsuka, Yutaka Kawaguchi, Yumi Watanabe
Sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) are antihyperglycaemic agents with weight-lowering effects. The efficacy and safety of the SGLT2 inhibitor canagliflozin as add-on therapy in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and inadequate glycaemic control with a GLP-1RA (≥12 weeks) were evaluated in this phase IV study. Patients received canagliflozin 100 mg once daily for 52 weeks. Efficacy endpoints included the change in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), bodyweight, systolic blood pressure (SBP), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) from baseline to Week 52...
February 23, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Damon Tanton, Mei Sheng Duh, Marie-Hélène Lafeuille, Patrick Lefebvre, Dominic Pilon, Maryia Zhdanava, Bruno Emond, Doreen Inman, Robert A Bailey
OBJECTIVE: Clinical trials and real-world studies reported that canagliflozin (CANA) improved HbA1c, blood pressure (BP), and weight in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study examines if previous results hold regionally and within specific patient subgroups. METHODS: Adults with T2DM and ≥12 months of clinical activity before the first CANA prescription (index) were identified in electronic medical records (01/01/2012-02/15/2017) from a network of hospitals in Florida...
February 22, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
W Timothy Garvey, Luc Van Gaal, Lawrence A Leiter, Ujjwala Vijapurkar, James List, Robert Cuddihy, Jimmy Ren, Michael J Davies
OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes and obesity are pro-inflammatory states associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Canagliflozin, an SGLT2 inhibitor, demonstrated superiority in lowering HbA1c versus glimepiride with less hypoglycemia and greater weight reduction via loss of fat mass in a 52-week trial of type 2 diabetes patients. This post hoc, exploratory analysis assessed the effects of canagliflozin versus glimepiride on select adipokines, inflammatory biomarkers, and chemokines...
February 13, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Philipp F Secker, Sascha Beneke, Nadja Schlichenmaier, Johannes Delp, Simon Gutbier, Marcel Leist, Daniel R Dietrich
Recent FDA Drug Safety Communications report an increased risk for acute kidney injury in patients treated with the gliflozin class of sodium/glucose co-transport inhibitors indicated for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. To identify a potential rationale for the latter, we used an in vitro human renal proximal tubule epithelial cell model system (RPTEC/TERT1), physiologically representing human renal proximal tubule function. A targeted metabolomics approach, contrasting gliflozins to inhibitors of central carbon metabolism and mitochondrial function, revealed a double mode of action for canagliflozin, but not for its analogs dapagliflozin and empagliflozin...
February 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Elisabetta Patorno, Allison B Goldfine, Sebastian Schneeweiss, Brendan M Everett, Robert J Glynn, Jun Liu, Seoyoung C Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cardiovascular safety of canagliflozin, a sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, in direct comparisons with DPP-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i), GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA), or sulfonylureas, as used in routine practice. DESIGN: Population based retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Nationwide sample of patients with type 2 diabetes from a large de-identified US commercial healthcare database (Optum Clinformatics Datamart)...
February 6, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
Charles Khouri, Jean-Luc Cracowski, Matthieu Roustit
OBJECTIVE: Inhibitors of the sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) are a novel class of glucose lowering agents showing promising results. However, the use of canagliflozin has been associated with an increased risk of lower-limb amputation. Whether this risk concerns other SGLT-2 inhibitors is unclear. METHODS: We performed a disproportionality analysis using the WHO global database of individual case safety reports (VigiBase®) to address this issue. RESULTS: Among the 8,293,886 reports available between January 2013 and December 2017, we identified 79 reports of lower-limb amputations associated with SGLT-2 inhibitors...
February 12, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Konstantinos Avranas, Konstantinos Imprialos, Konstantinos Stavropoulos, Georgios Lales, Alexandos Manafis, Anastasia Skalkou, Lars Kihm
BACKGROUND: The treatment of diabetes remains over the decades challenging, even after the introduction of numerous novel drugs of different classes. Most patients with type 2 diabetes necessitate the combination of multiple agents and eventually use of insulin. The newest, and possibly with the most pleiotropic actions after metformin are the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT-2i). This class has a unique mechanism inhibiting the glucose reabsorption in the proximal tubule of the kidney...
February 6, 2018: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
Cheryl Neslusan, Anna Teschemaker, Michael Willis, Pierre Johansen, Lien Vo
INTRODUCTION: Agents that inhibit sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2), including canagliflozin and dapagliflozin, are approved in the United States for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). SGLT2 inhibition lowers blood glucose by increasing urinary glucose excretion, which leads to a mild osmotic diuresis and a net loss of calories that are associated with reductions in body weight and blood pressure. This analysis evaluated the cost-effectiveness of canagliflozin 300 mg versus dapagliflozin 10 mg in patients with T2DM inadequately controlled with metformin in the United States...
February 6, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
Kumiko Shiba, Kyoichiro Tsuchiya, Chikara Komiya, Yasutaka Miyachi, Kentaro Mori, Noriko Shimazu, Shinobu Yamaguchi, Naomi Ogasawara, Makoto Katoh, Michiko Itoh, Takayoshi Suganami, Yoshihiro Ogawa
Sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, an antidiabetic drug, promotes urinary excretion of glucose by blocking its reabsorption in the renal proximal tubules. It is unclear whether SGLT2 inhibition could attenuate nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and NASH-associated hepatocellular carcinoma. We examined the preventive effects of an SGLT2 inhibitor canagliflozin (CANA) in Western diet (WD)-fed melanocortin 4 receptor-deficient (MC4R-KO) mice, a mouse model of human NASH. An eight-week CANA treatment attenuated hepatic steatosis in WD-fed MC4R-KO mice, with increased epididymal fat mass without inflammatory changes...
February 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Muhammad Shariq Usman, Tariq Jamal Siddiqi, Muhammad Mustafa Memon, Muhammad Shahzeb Khan, Wasiq Faraz Rawasia, Muhammad Talha Ayub, Jayakumar Sreenivasan, Yasmeen Golzar
Background The risks and benefits of sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors on cardiovascular outcomes have not been well established. We pooled evidence from all available clinical trials to assess the cardiovascular effects of this drug. Design A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Methods We queried electronic databases (MEDLINE, Scopus, CENTRAL and from their inception to July 2017 for published and unpublished placebo controlled trials of SGLT2 inhibitors...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Ryoko Mitsutake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"