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Canagliflozin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327140/efficacy-and-safety-of-canagliflozin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-based-on-history-of-cardiovascular-disease-or-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-pooled-data
#1
Michael J Davies, Katherine Merton, Ujjwala Vijapurkar, Jacqueline Yee, Rong Qiu
BACKGROUND: Treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and a history of cardiovascular (CV) disease or CV risk factors may present clinical challenges due to the presence of comorbid conditions and the use of concomitant medications. The sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, canagliflozin, has been shown to improve glycaemic control and reduce body weight and blood pressure (BP) with a favourable tolerability profile in a broad range of patients with T2DM. This post hoc analysis assessed the efficacy and safety of canagliflozin in patients with T2DM based on CV disease history or CV risk factors...
March 21, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323512/evaluating-the-costs-of-glycemic-response-with-canagliflozin-versus-dapagliflozin-and-empagliflozin-as-add-on-to-metformin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#2
Agata Schubert, Anders T Buchholt, Antoine C El Khoury, Ahmed Kamal, Vanessa Taieb
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the cost of achieving glycemic control with 3 sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, and empagliflozin, in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) from the payer perspective in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: A systematic literature review identified randomized controlled trials of antihyperglycemic agents as add-on to metformin in patients with T2DM of 26 ± 4 weeks in duration, published by 10 September 2014...
March 21, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321056/sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitors-reduce-the-abdominal-visceral-fat-area-and-may-influence-the-renal-function-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
Takahiro Tosaki, Hideki Kamiya, Tatsuhito Himeno, Yoshiro Kato, Masaki Kondo, Kaori Toyota, Tomoyo Nishida, Megumi Shiroma, Kaori Tsubonaka, Hitomi Asai, Miho Moribe, Yuki Nakaya, Jiro Nakamura
Objective and Methods An SGLT2 inhibitor (ipragliflozin, dapagliflozin, luseogliflozin, tofogliflozin, or canagliflozin) was administered to 132 outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with or without other antidiabetic drugs for 6 months to evaluate its efficacy, the incidence of adverse events, and its influence on the renal function. Results The patient's mean glycated hemoglobin level significantly improved from 7.52±1.16% to 6.95±0.98% (p<0.001). The body weight of the patients was significantly reduced from 78...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289041/coadministration-of-canagliflozin-and-phentermine-for-weight-management-in-overweight-and-obese-individuals-without-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Priscilla Hollander, Harold E Bays, Julio Rosenstock, Mary Ellen Frustaci, Albert Fung, Frank Vercruysse, Ngozi Erondu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of coadministration of canagliflozin (CANA) and phentermine (PHEN) compared with placebo (PBO) and CANA or PHEN monotherapies in individuals who were overweight and obese without type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This 26-week, phase 2a, randomized, double-blind, PBO-controlled, multicenter, parallel-group study enrolled individuals who were obese or overweight without type 2 diabetes (N = 335, age 18-65 years, BMI ≥30 to <50 kg/m(2) or BMI ≥27 to <50 kg/m(2) with hypertension and/or dyslipidemia)...
March 13, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285448/canagliflozin-as-an-initial-therapy-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-potential-involvement-of-atherogenic-lipids-in-its-glycemic-efficacy
#5
Eiji Kutoh, Asuka Wada, Teruma Murayama, Yui Takizawa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate canagliflozin as an initial therapy in type 2 diabetes mellitus and to explore the effects on metabolic parameters in relation to effects on glycemic control. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Treatment-naïve subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus received canagliflozin 50-100 mg/day monotherapy. At 3 months, levels of glycemic and non-glycemic parameters were compared with those at baseline (n = 39). As a comparator, our previous data of baseline glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c)-matched treatment-naïve subjects with ipragliflozin 25-50 mg monotherapy (n = 27) were employed...
March 11, 2017: Drugs in R&D
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255241/an-evidence-based-practice-oriented-review-focusing-on-canagliflozin-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#6
REVIEW
Joseph A Messana, Stanley S Schwartz, Raymond R Townsend
Caring for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has entered an era with many recent additions to the regimens used to clinically control their hyperglycemia. The most recent class of agents approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for T2DM is the sodium-glucose-linked transporter type 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, which work principally in the proximal tubule of the kidney to block filtered glucose reabsorption. In the few years attending this new class arrival in the market, there has been a great deal of interest generated by the novel mechanism of action of SGLT2 inhibitors and by recent large outcome trials suggesting benefit on important clinical outcomes such as death, cardiovascular disease and kidney disease progression...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251556/retrospective-study-on-the-impact-of-adherence-in-achieving-glycemic-goals-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-receiving-canagliflozin
#7
Erin K Buysman, Amy Anderson, Shaffeeulah Bacchus, Mike Ingham
INTRODUCTION: Adherence is poor among patients taking antihyperglycemic agents (AHAs) for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Inadequate adherence has been linked to decreased glycemic control and increased healthcare costs and hospitalizations. We examined the impact of real-world adherence on glycemic control in T2DM patients treated with canagliflozin. METHODS: This retrospective study used US administrative claims data from commercial and Medicare Advantage healthcare enrollees...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244644/optimising-the-analysis-strategy-for-the-canvas-program-a-pre-specified-plan-for-the-integrated-analyses-of-the-canvas-and-canvas-r-trials
#8
Bruce Neal, Vlado Perkovic, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Greg Fulcher, Ngozi Erondu, Mehul Desai, Wayne Shaw, Gordon Law, Marc K Walton, Norm Rosenthal, Dick de Zeeuw, David R Matthews
Two large cardiovascular outcome trials of canagliflozin, the CANVAS Program, will complete in early 2017: the CANagliflozin cardioVascular Assessment Study (CANVAS) and the CANagliflozin cardioVascular Assessment Study - Renal (CANVAS-R). Accruing data for the sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) class has identified questions and opportunities that were not apparent when the trials were designed. Accordingly, a series of modifications have been made to the planned analyses. These updates will ensure that the data from the CANVAS Program will maximise advances in scientific knowledge and patient care...
February 28, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242628/dtb-select-3-march-2017
#9
(no author information available yet)
Potential for abuse and misuse of pregabalin and gabapentin | Risk of depression and suicidal thoughts with ▼apremilast | Are patients overly optimistic about outcomes? | Pioglitazone and cardiovascular outcomes | Antipsychotics and risk of acute respiratory failure in patients with COPD | Improving adherence to lipid-lowering drugs | ▼Canagliflozin associated with increased risk of amputation | Medical research news stories: how independent and qualified are commenters?
February 27, 2017: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241822/effects-of-canagliflozin-a-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitor-on-blood-pressure-and-markers-of-arterial-stiffness-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-post-hoc-analysis
#10
Michael Pfeifer, Raymond R Townsend, Michael J Davies, Ujjwala Vijapurkar, Jimmy Ren
BACKGROUND: Physiologic determinants, such as pulse pressure [difference between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP)], mean arterial pressure (2/3 DBP + 1/3 SBP), and double product [beats per minute (bpm) × SBP], are linked to cardiovascular outcomes. The effects of canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, on pulse pressure, mean arterial pressure, and double product were assessed in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This post hoc analysis was based on pooled data from four 26-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies evaluating canagliflozin in patients with T2DM (N = 2313) and a 6-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) study evaluating canagliflozin in patients with T2DM and hypertension (N = 169)...
February 27, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240446/sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-and-risk-of-adverse-renal-outcomes-among-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-network-and-cumulative-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Huilin Tang, Dandan Li, Jingjing Zhang, Yufeng Li, Tiansheng Wang, Suodi Zhai, Yiqing Song
AIM: The renal safety of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remains uncertain. This meta-analysis aimed to compare the effects of each SGLT2 inhibitor on adverse renal outcomes in patients with T2DM. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched up to May 24 2016 without language or date restrictions. Randomized trials that reporting at least one renal-related adverse outcome in T2DM patients treated with SGLT2 inhibitors were included...
February 27, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217522/a-review-of-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-canagliflozin-300-mg-in-the-management-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#12
REVIEW
K M Prasanna Kumar, Sujoy Ghosh, William Canovatchel, Nishant Garodia, Sujith Rajashekar
Currently available antihyperglycemic agents, despite being effective, provide inadequate glycemic control and/or are associated with side effects or nonadherence. Canagliflozin, a widely used orally active inhibitor of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2), is a new addition to the therapeutic armamentarium of glucose-lowering drugs. This review summarizes findings from different clinical and observational studies of canagliflozin 300 mg in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). By inhibiting SGLT2, canagliflozin reduces reabsorption of filtered glucose, thereby increasing urinary glucose excretion in patients with T2DM...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197834/effects-of-canagliflozin-on-serum-magnesium-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
Richard E Gilbert, Christian Mende, Ujjwala Vijapurkar, Sue Sha, Michael J Davies, Mehul Desai
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, on serum magnesium in hypomagnesemic patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This post hoc analysis was based on pooled data from four placebo-controlled studies of canagliflozin (N = 2313). The proportion of patients with baseline serum magnesium <0.74 mmol/L who achieved serum magnesium ≥0.74 mmol/L at week 26 was evaluated...
February 14, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184166/canagliflozin-improves-risk-factors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-metabolic-syndrome
#14
Michael J Davies, Katherine W Merton, Ujjwala Vijapurkar, Dainius A Balis, Mehul Desai
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome refers to a collection of risk factors associated with the development of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, improves glycemic control and reduces body weight and blood pressure (BP) in a broad range of patients with T2DM. This post hoc analysis assessed the effects of canagliflozin on the components of metabolic syndrome in patients with T2DM and metabolic syndrome. METHODS: This analysis was based on data from 2 head-to-head studies of canagliflozin in patients with T2DM on background metformin versus glimepiride (study 1) and background metformin plus sulfonylurea versus sitagliptin 100 mg (study 2)...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177187/efficacy-and-safety-of-canagliflozin-as-add-on-therapy-to-teneligliptin-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-results-of-a-24-week-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#15
Takashi Kadowaki, Nobuya Inagaki, Kazuoki Kondo, Kenichi Nishimura, Genki Kaneko, Nobuko Maruyama, Nobuhiro Nakanishi, Hiroaki Iijima, Yumi Watanabe, Maki Gouda
AIMS: To investigate efficacy and safety of the sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor canagliflozin administered as add-on therapy to the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor teneligliptin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 clinical trial in Japanese patients with T2DM who had inadequate glycaemic control with teneligliptin. Patients were randomised to receive teneligliptin 20 mg plus either canagliflozin 100 mg (T + C, n = 70) or placebo (T + P, n = 68) once daily...
February 8, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144158/following-the-results-of-the-empa-reg-outcome-trial-with-empagliflozin-is-it-possible-to-speak-of-a-class-effect
#16
Francisco Javier Ampudia-Blasco, Irene Romera, Bernat Ariño, Ramón Gomis
BACKGROUND: The recently published cardiovascular outcomes data for the first sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, empagliflozin, have shown cardiovascular safety and additional benefits in patients with type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease. Empagliflozin showed lower rates of death from cardiovascular causes or from any causes and lower hospitalization rates from heart failure compared with placebo, both in addition to standard care. This commentary discusses the existence of a possible class effect considering the available evidence described for other SGLT2 inhibitors...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138980/dynamic-population-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic-modelling-and-simulation-supports-similar-efficacy-in-glycosylated-haemoglobin-response-with-once-or-twice-daily-dosing-of-canagliflozin
#17
Willem de Winter, Adrian Dunne, Xavier Woot de Trixhe, Damayanthi Devineni, Chyi-Hung Hsu, Jose Pinheiro, David Polidori
AIM: Canagliflozin is an SGLT2 inhibitor approved for the treatment of type-2 diabetes. A dynamic population pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model relating 24-h canagliflozin exposure profiles to effects on glycosylated haemoglobin was developed to compare the efficacy of once-daily and twice-daily dosing. METHODS: Data from two clinical studies, one with once-daily, and the other with twice-daily dosing of canagliflozin as add-on to metformin were used (n = 1347)...
November 7, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120497/rationale-design-and-baseline-characteristics-of-the-canagliflozin-cardiovascular-assessment-study-renal-canvas-r-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Bruce Neal, Vlado Perkovic, David R Matthews, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Greg Fulcher, Gary Meininger, Ngozi Erondu, Mehul Desai, Wayne Shaw, Frank Vercruysse, Jacqueline Yee, Hsiaowei Deng, Dick de Zeeuw
AIMS: The primary aim of the CANagliflozin cardioVascular Assessment Study-Renal (CANVAS-R) is to determine whether the favourable effects of inhibition of the sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) on blood glucose, blood pressure and body weight are accompanied by protection against adverse renal outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CANVAS-R is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in patients with type 2 diabetes with a history or high risk of cardiovascular events...
March 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105986/canagliflozin-dapagliflozin-and-empagliflozin-monotherapy-for-treating-type-2-diabetes-systematic-review-and-economic-evaluation
#19
Rhona Johnston, Olalekan Uthman, Ewen Cummins, Christine Clar, Pamela Royle, Jill Colquitt, Bee Kang Tan, Andrew Clegg, Saran Shantikumar, Rachel Court, J Paul O'Hare, David McGrane, Tim Holt, Norman Waugh
BACKGROUND: Most people with type 2 diabetes are overweight, so initial treatment is aimed at reducing weight and increasing physical activity. Even modest weight loss can improve control of blood glucose. If drug treatment is necessary, the drug of first choice is metformin. However, some people cannot tolerate metformin, which causes diarrhoea in about 10%, and it cannot be used in people with renal impairment. This review appraises three of the newest class of drugs for monotherapy when metformin cannot be used, the sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors...
January 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102030/impact-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-on-nonglycemic-outcomes-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
REVIEW
Jennifer M Trujillo, Wesley A Nuffer
The efficacy of the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, and empagliflozin in reducing hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes is well documented. In addition, positive effects have been observed with these agents on nonglycemic variables, such as reductions in body weight and blood pressure, which may confer additional health benefits. SGLT2 inhibitors are also associated with evidence of renal-protecting benefits. Furthermore, during the landmark Empagliflozin, Cardiovascular Outcomes, and Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes (EMPA-REG OUTCOME) trial, a substantial reduction in major adverse cardiovascular outcomes was demonstrated with empagliflozin therapy...
January 19, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
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