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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055115/prevalence-of-pre-eruptive-intracoronal-radiolucencies-in-thai-children-and-adolescents-a-retrospective-study
#1
Chanika Manmontri, Papimon Chompu-Inwai, Phattaranant M Mahasantipiya, Sangsom Prapayasatok
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence, location, size, and tooth type of pre-eruptive intracoronal radiolucencies (PEIR) from panoramic radiographs in Thai patients. METHODS: A retrospective study of PEIR was conducted on 1599 panoramic radiographs of 629 Thai males and 970 Thai females with an age range of 4-20 years (average age: 14.0 ± 4.0 years). Each radiograph was reviewed by two calibrated examiners. The age and sex of the patients, location, size, and tooth type of the lesions were recorded...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054734/computer-facilitated-screening-and-brief-advice-to-reduce-adolescents-heavy-episodic-drinking-a-study-in-two-countries
#2
John R Knight, Kateryna Kuzubova, Ladislav Csemy, Lon Sherritt, Sarah Copelas, Sion Kim Harris
PURPOSE: A computer-facilitated screening and brief advice (cSBA) intervention was previously shown to reduce drinking among U.S. adolescents but not among Czech youth. The purpose of this study was to assess cSBA effect on heavy episodic drinking (HED). METHODS: Participants were 12- to 18-year-olds at nine U.S. primary care offices (N = 2,096) and 10 Czech pediatrician-generalist offices (N = 589) who completed measurements only during an 18-month treatment-as-usual (TAU) phase...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053500/the-community-orthopaedic-surgeon-taking-trauma-call-pediatric-femoral-shaft-fracture-pearls-and-pitfalls
#3
J Eric Gordon, Charles T Mehlman
Pediatric femoral shaft fractures present many challenging patient care decisions. Nonoperative treatment approaches still dominate care of the youngest age groups while surgical intervention is commonplace in virtually all older children. Treatment is determined primarily by patient age as modified by clinical factors including mechanism of injury, weight, and skeletal maturity. Infants can be successfully treated by placement into a Pavlik harness, whereas children younger than 5 years are most commonly treated by early reduction and spica cast immobilization...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053497/the-community-orthopaedic-surgeon-taking-trauma-call-pediatric-phalangeal-fracture-pearls-and-pitfalls
#4
Joshua M Abzug, Charles T Mehlman
Pediatric phalangeal fractures are extremely common, especially among toddlers and older children/adolescents involved in sporting activities. The physical examination must include an assessment for deviation and malrotation. In addition, concomitant injuries must be assessed for such as tendon and/or neurovascular injuries. Plain radiographs are typically sufficient to make the diagnosis and determine the treatment. The majority of pediatric and adolescent phalangeal fractures can be treated with immobilization...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053095/-cannabis-is-not-for-children-or-adolescents
#5
Pernille Opstrup, Marianne Olsen, Karsten Nysom, Peter Vilhelm Uldall, Søren Walther-Larsen
The Danish parliament has decided to establish a four-year pilot scheme for medical treatment with cannabis. We increasingly experience requests from parents for medical treatment with cannabis of children and have the impression that a growing number of parents treat their children with illegally acquired cannabis products for various conditions. We summarize the sparse evidence regarding effects, side effects and long-term effects of medical treatment with cannabis in children and adolescents. At present, cannabis should very rarely be considered as part of medical treatment for children and adolescents...
October 16, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053023/n-acetylcysteine-for-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-behavior-in-adolescents-an-open-label-pilot-study
#6
Kathryn R Cullen, Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, Melinda Westlund Schreiner, Patricia Carstedt, Nicholas Marka, Katharine Nelson, Michael J Miller, Kristina Reigstad, Ana Westervelt, Meredith Gunlicks-Stoessel, Lynn E Eberly
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is common in adolescents and young adults, and few evidence-based treatments are available for this significant problem. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a widely available nutritional supplement that has been studied in some psychiatric disorders relevant to NSSI including mood and addictive disorders. This pilot study tested the use of NAC as a potential treatment for NSSI in youth. METHODS: Thirty-five female adolescents and young adults with NSSI aged 13-21 years were enrolled in this study that had an open-label, single-arm study design...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052865/research-review-is-anxiety-associated-with-negative-interpretations-of-ambiguity-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Suzannah Stuijfzand, Cathy Creswell, Andy P Field, Samantha Pearcey, Helen Dodd
BACKGROUND: The tendency to interpret ambiguity as threat (negative interpretation) has been implicated in cognitive models of anxiety. A significant body of research has examined the association between anxiety and negative interpretation, and reviews suggest there is a robust positive association in adults. However, evidence with children and adolescents has been inconsistent. This study aimed to provide a systematic quantitative assessment of the association between anxiety and negative interpretation in children and adolescents...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052846/improvements-of-adolescent-psychopathology-after-insomnia-treatment-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-over-1%C3%A2-year
#8
Eduard J de Bruin, Susan M Bögels, Frans J Oort, Anne Marie Meijer
BACKGROUND: Adolescent insomnia can be treated effectively with cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBTI). However, little is known about effects of CBTI on psychopathology in adolescents. This study aimed to investigate whether (a) CBTI improves psychopathology in Internet- (IT) and face-to-face group treatment (GT) compared to waitlist (WL), (b) improvement in psychopathology can be attributed to reduced insomnia, (c) improvement in psychopathology remains stable for up to 1 year...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052841/cognitive-mechanisms-of-inhibitory-control-deficits-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Lauren M Schmitt, Stormi P White, Edwin H Cook, John A Sweeney, Matthew W Mosconi
BACKGROUND: Inhibitory control deficits are common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and associated with more severe repetitive behaviors. Inhibitory control deficits may reflect slower execution of stopping processes, or a reduced ability to delay the onset of behavioral responses in contexts of uncertainty. Previous studies have documented relatively spared stopping processes in ASD, but whether inhibitory control deficits in ASD reflect failures to delay response onset has not been systematically assessed...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052741/-regional-differences-of-adhd-diagnosis-rates-in-health-insurance-data-from-2005-to-2015-methodological-considerations-and-results
#10
REVIEW
Thomas G Grobe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) are among the most common mental disorders in children and adolescents. For a number of years there has been evidence of regional differences in Germany. This article provides current results on the frequency of diagnosis and treatment and also discusses methodological aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analysis is based on routine data of a statutory health insurance company including annual diagnoses and drug prescriptions from 2005 to 2015 of at least 1...
October 20, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052529/evaluating-a-multi-component-community-based-program-to-improve-adherence-and-retention-in-care-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-zimbabwe-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Webster Mavhu, Nicola Willis, Juliet Mufuka, Collin Mangenah, Kudzanayi Mvududu, Sarah Bernays, Walter Mangezi, Tsitsi Apollo, Ricardo Araya, Helen A Weiss, Frances M Cowan
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization (WHO) adolescent HIV-testing and treatment guidelines recommend community-based interventions to support antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and retention in care, while acknowledging that the evidence to support this recommendation is weak. This cluster randomized controlled trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a psychosocial, community-based intervention on HIV-related and psychosocial outcomes. METHODS/DESIGN: We are conducting the trial in two districts...
October 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051921/effectiveness-of-schroth-exercises-during-bracing-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-results-from-a-preliminary-study-sosort-award-2017-winner
#12
Kenny Yat Hong Kwan, Aldous C S Cheng, Hui Yu Koh, Alice Y Y Chiu, Kenneth Man Chee Cheung
BACKGROUND: Bracing has been shown to decrease significantly the progression of high-risk curves to the threshold for surgery in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), but the treatment failure rate remains high. There is evidence to suggest that Schroth scoliosis-specific exercises can slow progression in mild scoliosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Schroth exercises in AIS patients with high-risk curves during bracing. METHODS: A prospective, historical cohort-matched study was carried out...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051906/intra-articular-physeal-fractures-of-the-distal-femur-a-frequently-missed-diagnosis-in-adolescent-athletes
#13
Andrew T Pennock, Henry B Ellis, Samuel C Willimon, Charles Wyatt, Samuel E Broida, M Morgan Dennis, Tracey Bastrom
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular physeal fractures of the distal femur are an uncommon injury pattern, with only a few small case series reported in the literature. PURPOSE: To pool patients from 3 high-volume pediatric centers to better understand this injury pattern, to determine outcomes of surgical treatment, and to assess risk factors for complications. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective review of all patients presenting with an intra-articular physeal fracture between 2006 and 2016 was performed...
October 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050717/radiographic-and-functional-outcome-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-operated-with-hook-hybrid-versus-all-pedicle-screw-instrumentation-a-retrospective-study-in-149-patients
#14
Søren Ohrt-Nissen, Dennis W Hallager, Ture Karbo, Martin Gehrchen, Benny Dahl
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To compare radiographic outcome and health-related quality of life in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated with hook/hybrid (H/H) or all-pedicle screw (PS) instrumentation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PS instrumentation has largely replaced H/H in the surgical treatment of AIS but whether a normalized sagittal profile can be obtained with the PS construct is still debated...
November 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050690/how-should-we-treat-the-aya-patient-with-newly-diagnosed-all
#15
REVIEW
Nicolas Boissel
Adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) are recognized as a unique population with specific characteristics and needs. In adolescents aged 15-20 years old, the use of full paediatric protocols is supported by many comparative studies of paediatric and adult cooperative groups. In young adults, growing evidence suggests that paediatric-inspired approaches may also improve outcomes and lead to long-term survival rates of almost 70%. In the last decade, better knowledge of ALL oncogenic landscape, age distribution, and minimal residual disease prognostic impact have improved risk stratification...
September 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050660/the-fortuitous-discovery-of-the-olin-eilobi-breathing-techniques-a-case-study
#16
Sarah Graham, Emily Deardorff, Kristina Johnston, J Tod Olin
Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) is the term for the condition previously named vocal cord dysfunction and paradoxical vocal fold motion. It is defined by glottic or supraglottic obstruction during periods of intense exercise. Not all patients respond to conventional therapy with speech-language pathology, behavioral health interventions, and treatment of contributing conditions. In this edition of Journal of Voice, the authors describe a novel series of respiratory retraining techniques, now called Olin EILOBI (EILO biphasic inspiratory) breathing techniques, specifically designed for athletes with EILO...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050505/late-onset-adhd-reconsidered-with-comprehensive-repeated-assessments-between-ages-10-and-25
#17
Margaret H Sibley, Luis A Rohde, James M Swanson, Lily T Hechtman, Brooke S G Molina, John T Mitchell, L Eugene Arnold, Arthur Caye, Traci M Kennedy, Arunima Roy, Annamarie Stehli
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents and young adults without childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often present to clinics seeking stimulant medication for late-onset ADHD symptoms. Recent birth-cohort studies support the notion of late-onset ADHD, but these investigations are limited by relying on screening instruments to assess ADHD, not considering alternative causes of symptoms, or failing to obtain complete psychiatric histories. The authors address these limitations by examining psychiatric assessments administered longitudinally to the local normative comparison group of the Multimodal Treatment Study of ADHD...
October 20, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050109/-interpretation-of-recommendations-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-rhabdomyosarcoma-in-chinese-children-and-adolescents-cccg-rms-2016
#18
X L Ma, J Y Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050107/-recommendations-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-rhabdomyosarcoma-in-chinese-children-and-adolescents-cccg-rms-2016
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049845/impact-of-the-initial-fitness-level-on-the-effects-of-a-structured-exercise-therapy-during-pediatric-stem-cell-transplantation
#20
Susanne Wallek, Anna Senn-Malashonak, Lutz Vogt, Katharina Schmidt, Peter Bader, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: Before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), most patients suffer from psychophysical limitations due to the treatment. Exercise interventions demonstrate beneficial effects on, for example, strength, endurance, or health-related quality of life during and after HSCT, but with a great variation among patients concerning the response to exercise. This study examines the influence of the initial fitness on the effects of an exercise therapy in pediatric HSCT...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
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