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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339998/executive-functioning-in-pediatric-chronic-pain-do-deficits-exist
#2
Karen E Weiss, Cynthia Harbeck-Weber, Michael J Zaccariello, Jacqueline N Kimondo, Tracy E Harrison, Barbara K Bruce
Objective. : Despite ample research documenting deficits in executive functioning for adults with chronic pain, the literature on pediatric patients with chronic pain is limited and provides mixed results. The current study sought to further investigate the nature of executive dysfunction in this population and also examine the relationships between pain intensity, duration, and catastrophizing with sustained attention, working memory, and self- and parent-report of executive functioning...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339800/the-dark-cloud-of-recreational-drugs-and-vaping
#3
M S Blundell, P I Dargan, D M Wood
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are increasing in popularity with 19% of UK smokers reporting to have used them. The ability to regulate the evaporation temperature in newer electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) facilitates the potential for use of these devices to 'vape' cannabis, novel psychoactive substances (NPS) and other recreational drugs. Vaping cannabis does have the potential to reduce tobacco use and combustible cannabis/tobacco-related disease, but with over one-third of UK adults reporting life-time use of recreational drugs and increasing e-cigarette uptake in adolescent groups the misuse of these devices poses a serious potential public health risk...
March 9, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339282/melatonin-for-reducing-weight-gain-following-administration-of-atypical-antipsychotic-olanzapine-for-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Mahmoud Solhi, Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi, Shahin Akhondzadeh
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate melatonin effectiveness in weight gain reduction following olanzapine use for 11-17-year-old bipolar disorder patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Seventy-seven adolescent outpatients, subsequent to their initial diagnosis of bipolar I disorder by a psychiatrist, entered this study. After assessing inclusion and exclusion criteria, 48 patients consented to participate. Twenty-four patients were allocated to receive olanzapine, lithium carbonate, and melatonin, and 24 patients were allocated to receive olanzapine, lithium carbonate, and placebo by simple randomization...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334444/the-partial-dopamine-d2-receptor-agonist-aripiprazole-is-associated-with-weight-gain-in-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Guido K W Frank, Megan E Shott, Jennifer O Hagman, Marissa A Schiel, Marisa C DeGuzman, Brogan Rossi
OBJECTIVE: Finding medication to support treatment of anorexia nervosa has been difficult. Neuroscience-based approaches may help in this effort. Recent brain imaging studies in adults and adolescents with anorexia nervosa suggest that dopamine-related reward circuits are hypersensitive and could provide a treatment target. METHODS: Here, we present a retrospective chart review of 106 adolescents with anorexia nervosa some of whom were treated with the dopamine D2 receptor partial agonist aripiprazole during treatment in a specialized eating disorder program...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334337/birth-outcomes-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#6
Chelsea Anderson, Stephanie M Engel, Jennifer E Mersereau, Kristin Z Black, William A Wood, Carey K Anders, Hazel B Nichols
Importance: Cancer diagnosis and treatment may adversely affect reproductive outcomes among female cancer survivors. Objective: To compare the birth outcomes of adolescent and young adult cancer survivors (AYA [diagnosed at ages 15-39 years]) with those of women without a cancer diagnosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: The North Carolina Central Cancer Registry (CCR) was used to identify female AYA cancer survivors diagnosed from January 2000 to December 2013; CCR records were linked to statewide birth certificate files from January 2000 to December 2014 to identify postdiagnosis live births to AYA survivors (n = 2598)...
March 23, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334054/lateral-cephalometric-analysis-for-treatment-planning-in-orthodontics-based-on-mri-compared-with-radiographs-a-feasibility-study-in-children-and-adolescents
#7
Alexander Heil, Eduardo Lazo Gonzalez, Tim Hilgenfeld, Philipp Kickingereder, Martin Bendszus, Sabine Heiland, Ann-Kathrin Ozga, Andreas Sommer, Christopher J Lux, Sebastian Zingler
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is equivalent to lateral cephalometric radiographs (LCR, "gold standard") in cephalometric analysis. METHODS: The applied MRI technique was optimized for short scanning time, high resolution, high contrast and geometric accuracy. Prior to orthodontic treatment, 20 patients (mean age ± SD, 13.95 years ± 5.34) received MRI and LCR. MRI datasets were postprocessed into lateral cephalograms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333866/prevention-of-gastrointestinal-side-effects-in-paediatric-oncology-what-are-the-guidelines
#8
Karis K F Cheng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Gastrointestinal side-effects, particularly with regard to alimentary tract mucositis and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV), continue to be frequent and debilitating symptomatic conditions among children and adolescents receiving cytotoxic cancer therapy. Further avenues of progress for mucositis and CINV prevention in paediatric oncology setting are warranted. RECENT FINDINGS: The current article reviews the major guidelines and literature published in 2016 pertaining to the prevention of mucositis and CINV...
March 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333691/asthma-prevalence-and-severity-in-low-resource-communities
#9
Álvaro A Cruz, Rafael Stelmach, Eduardo V Ponte
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The prevalence of asthma was thought to be low in most low-income countries, but several reports have indicated this is not always true. This is a narrative review of recent publications on the burden of asthma in low and middle-income countries (LMIC) and underprivileged communities from developed countries. RECENT FINDINGS: Several studies have reported a low prevalence of asthma is LMIC, but indicate it is increasing. In the last few years, however, many surveys demonstrated this may not always be true...
March 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333546/pharmacokinetics-and-safety-of-vortioxetine-in-pediatric-patients
#10
Robert L Findling, Adelaide S Robb, Melissa DelBello, Michael Huss, Nora McNamara, Elias Sarkis, Russell Scheffer, Lis H Poulsen, Grace Chen, Ole Michael Lemming, Johan Areberg, Philippe Auby
OBJECTIVE: The primary objectives of this study were to evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK) and tolerability of single and multiple doses of vortioxetine in children and adolescents with a depressive or anxiety disorder and to provide supportive information for appropriate dosing regimens for pediatric clinical trials. METHODS: This prospective, open-label, multinational, multisite, multiple-dose trial enrolled 48 patients (children and adolescents; 1:1 ratio) divided into 8 cohorts (4 adolescent and 4 child), with each cohort including 6 patients...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333415/patterns-of-chemotherapy-induced-toxicities-and-outcome-in-children-and-adolescents-with-metastatic-rhabdomyosarcoma-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#11
Abha A Gupta, Yueh-Yun Chi, James R Anderson, Elizabeth Lyden, Brenda Weigel, Carola Arndt, William H Meyer, Abby Rosenberg, Douglas S Hawkins
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine whether adolescents with metastatic alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) or embryonal RMS (ERMS) had a different event-free survival (EFS) compared with younger patients, and to identify treatment-related factors (adverse events, AEs) that may be associated with differences in outcome. METHODS: The prevalence of AEs in adolescents older than 13 years was compared with that in patients less than or equal to 13 years of age (Fisher exact test) in patients enrolled onto ARST0431...
March 23, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332936/ethical-concerns-about-emerging-treatment-paradigms-for-gender-dysphoria
#12
Stephen B Levin
The increasing incidence of request for medical services to support gender transition for children, adolescents and adults has consequences for society, governmental institutions, schools, families, health care professionals, and, of course, patients. The sociological momentum to recognize and accommodate to trans phenomena has posed ethical dilemmas for endocrinologists, mental health professionals and sexual specialists as they experience within themselves the clash between Respect for Patient Autonomy, Beneficence, Nonmalficience, and Informed Consent...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332858/modified-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-in-depressed-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#13
Deirdre A Conroy, Alison M Czopp, Dawn M Dore-Stites, Richard R Dopp, Roseanne Armitage, Timothy F Hoban, J Todd Arnedt
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to pilot a five-week insomnia treatment in adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD) and insomnia. This was an open-label trial of a modified-group cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI). PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents with MDD (n = 16; mean age = 17.3 +/- 1.7), characterized by the Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised T-score ≥ 55 and insomnia, characterized by > 30 min to fall or return to sleep and an Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) score of ≥ 7 participated...
March 23, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332851/empathy-and-facial-expression-recognition-in-children-with-and-without-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-effects-of-stimulant-medication-on-empathic-skills-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
Funda Gumustas, Ibrahim Yilmaz, Yasemin Yulaf, Sebla Gokce, Osman Sabuncuoglu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to healthy children and adolescents in terms of state and trait empathy and emotion expression recognition skills. The goal was also to determine whether there are changes in emotion recognition and empathy measures in children with ADHD after methylphenidate (MPH) treatment. METHODS: The research sample consisted of outpatient drug-naive children and adolescents between the age of 8 and 14 years (n = 65) with ADHD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331904/effectiveness-of-the-rigo-ch%C3%A3%C2%AAneau-versus-boston-style-orthoses-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-retrospective-study
#15
Miriam K Minsk, Kristen D Venuti, Gail L Daumit, Paul D Sponseller
BACKGROUND: Bracing can effectively treat adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), but patient outcomes have not been compared by brace type. We compared outcomes of AIS patients treated with Rigo Chêneau orthoses (RCOs) or custom-molded Boston-style thoracolumbosacral orthoses (TLSOs). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patient records from one scoliosis center from 1999 through 2014. Patients were studied from initial treatment until skeletal maturity or surgery...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331504/clozapine-treatment-and-cannabis-use-in-adolescents-with-psychotic-disorders-a-retrospective-cohort-chart-review
#16
Sephora M Tang, Aylar Ansarian, Darren B Courtney
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between clozapine treatment and frequency of cannabis use in adolescents with co-occurring psychotic and cannabis use disorder in a retrospective cohort chart review. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort chart review of patients diagnosed with a psychotic disorder and concurrent cannabis use disorder admitted to a tertiary care youth inpatient unit from 2010-2012. Longitudinal exposure and outcome data was coded month-by-month...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331498/electroconvulsive-therapy-use-in-youth-in-the-province-of-quebec
#17
Annie Loiseau, Marie-Claude Harrisson, Vincent Beaudry, Simon Patry
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy's (ECT) safety and tolerability is well-established in the treatment of severe psychiatric disorders in adults, but has been less studied in youth. The aim of the present study was to describe the use of ECT in youth in Quebec City and obtain Child and Adolescent Psychiatrists' (CAP) perceptions in the province of Quebec. METHODS: The authors reviewed charts of minors who received ECT treatment in the Quebec City metropolitan area between 1995 and 2014 (part 1)...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331334/safety-efficacy-and-clinical-utility-of-asparaginase-in-the-treatment-of-adult-patients-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#18
REVIEW
Jamie Koprivnikar, James McCloskey, Stefan Faderl
Adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are known to have inferior outcomes compared to the pediatric population. Although the reasons for this are likely manyfold, the agents utilized and the increased intensity of pediatric treatments compared to adult treatments are likely significant contributing factors. Asparaginase, an enzyme that converts asparagine to aspartic acid, forms the backbone of almost all pediatric regimens and works by depleting extracellular asparagine, which ALL cells are unable to synthesize...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330700/the-effect-of-kinesio-taping-on-back-pain-in-patients-with-lenke-type-1-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Yunus Atici, Canan Gonen Aydin, Aysegul Atici, Mehmet Ozbey Buyukkuscu, Yavuz Arikan, Mehmet Bulent Balioglu
PURPOSE: This study investigated the short-term effects of KT on back pain (BP) in patients with Lenke Type 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: We chosen Lenke Type 1 scoliosis who have had only back pain (the localization of the pain: the only in the apical convex edge). Forty patients suffering from BP with Lenke Type 1 AIS were randomly separated into two groups, Group 1 (20 patients) and Group 2 (20 patients). Group 1 was given KT with tension and home exercises and Group 2 was given KT without tension and home exercises...
March 19, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330105/deciphering-the-effect-of-novel-bacterial-exopolysaccharide-based-nanoparticle-cream-against-propionibacterium-acnes
#20
Abraham P Karlapudi, Vidya P Kodali, Krishna P Kota, Sabiha S Shaik, N S Sampath Kumar, Vijaya R Dirisala
Acne vulgaris (acne) is a chronic inflammatory disease prevalent among adolescents and adults, with significant psychological effects. The aetiology of acne is multifactorial. Several pathophysiological associations have been identified in which Propionibacterium acnes plays a major role. This bacteria primarily affects areas containing oil glands including the face, back and trunk, where it causes the formation of seborrhoea and inflammatory lesions. The treatment methods currently in place have side effects...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
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