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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776861/acceptability-and-functionality-of-the-kettle-strap-an-attempt-to-decrease-kettle-related-burns-in-children
#1
Obakeng Makhubalo, Dorothy Schulman, Heinz Rode, Sharon Cox
BACKGROUND: Extensive hot water burns (HWB) are common at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital (RCWMCH). The majority are caused by kettle scalds. These burn injuries usually affect toddlers living in poor socio-economic circumstances. The majority of these injuries are preventable. AIM: This trial aims to demonstrate the acceptability and functionality of the Kettle Strap as a kettle safety device. The feedback will be used for a public awareness program marketed by the Child Accident Prevention Foundation of Southern Africa and ChildSafe as part of their mandate to reduce kettle related thermal injuries...
May 15, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773954/pain-catastrophizing-is-associated-with-poorer-health-related-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease
#2
Nitya Bakshi, Ines Lukombo, Inna Belfer, Lakshmanan Krishnamurti
Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited disorder of the red blood cells and is associated with chronic multisystem involvement. While SCD has been associated with poorer health-related quality of life (HRQoL), there is a paucity of data on the relationship of psychological covariates other than anxiety and depression and quality of life (QoL) in children with SCD. Materials and methods: We performed a cross-sectional study of psychological factors, HRQoL, and pain-related outcomes in participants with SCD and race-matched controls as part of a larger study of experimental pain phenotyping...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772347/location-dependent-correlation-between-tissue-structure-and-the-mechanical-behaviour-of-the-urinary-bladder
#3
Enrique Morales-Orcajo, Tobias Siebert, Markus Böl
The mechanical properties of the urinary bladder wall are important to understand its filling-voiding cycle in health and disease. However, much remains unknown about its mechanical properties, especially regarding regional heterogeneities and wall microstructure. The present study aimed to assess the regional differences in the mechanical properties and microstructure of the urinary bladder wall. Ninety (n=90) samples of porcine urinary bladder wall (ten samples from nine different locations) were mechanically and histologically analysed...
May 14, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771349/study-of-lymphoedema-of-non-filarial-origin-in-the-northwest-region-of-cameroon-spatial-distribution-profiling-of-cases-and-socio-economic-aspects-of-podoconiosis
#4
Samuel Wanji, Jonas A Kengne-Ouafo, Kebede Deribe, Ayok M Tembei, Abdel Jelil Njouendou, Dizzel Bita Tayong, David D Sofeu-Feugaing, Fabrice R Datchoua-Poutcheu, Jorge Cano, Emanuele Giorgi, Yolande F Longang-Tchounkeu, Peter A Enyong, Melanie J Newport, Gail Davey
Background: Although podoconiosis is endemic in Cameroon, little is known about its epidemiology and spatial distribution. Methods: This cross-sectional, population-based study enrolled all adults (≥15 y) residing in the districts of the northwest region of Cameroon for 10 or more years. Participants were interviewed and had a physical examination. The study outcomes were prevalence estimates of lymphoedema and podoconiosis. House-to-house screening was conducted by Community Health Implementers (CHIs)...
May 16, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769813/paediatric-vision-screening-in-the-primary-care-setting-in-ontario
#5
Tran D Le, Rana Arham Raashid, Linda Colpa, Jason Noble, Asim Ali, Agnes Wong
Objectives: Early intervention is critical to prevent treatable causes of vision loss in children. The objectives of the current study are: (1) to assess how well primary care physicians in Ontario follow the vision screening guidelines for children as recommended by the Canadian Paediatric Society and the Rourke Baby Record and (2) to identify barriers to vision screening in the primary care setting. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Methods: A 19-question survey was mailed out to 1000 randomly selected family physicians (family MDs), 1000 general practitioners (GPs) and 1000 paediatricians in Ontario as listed in the 2013 Canadian Medical Directory...
May 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767640/burden-of-exposure-to-potential-interactions-between-antiretroviral-and-non-antiretroviral-medications-in-a-population-of-hiv-positive-patients-aged-50-years-or-older
#6
Alice Ranzani, Letizia Oreni, Massimiliano Agrò, Lorena van den Bogaart, Laura Milazzo, Andrea Giacomelli, Dario Cattaneo, Cristina Gervasoni, Anna Lisa Ridolfo
BACKGROUND: As HIV-infected patients aged 50 years or older are at increased risk of comorbidities and multidrug treatments, we examined their exposure to the potential drug-drug interactions (PDDIs) of antiretroviral (ARV) and other medications. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved the patients aged 50 years or older receiving ARV and non-ARV medications at our clinic. PDDIs were identified using the University of Liverpool HIV Drug Interaction Checker...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765581/the-antimicrobial-activity-of-probiotic-bacteria-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-different-natural-sources-against-hemorrhagic-e-coli-o157-h7
#7
Sahar Karimi, Fatemeh Azizi, Mohammad Nayeb-Aghaee, Leila Mahmoodnia
Background: Diarrheal diseases have been seen in all geographical areas throughout the world. Therefore, considering treatment, could be deemed a necessary action. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial effect of probiotic bacterial strains isolated from different natural sources against 2 pathotypes of pathogenic E. coli. Methods: This cross-sectional study of Martyr Chamran University of Ahvaz was carried out from December 2013 to July 2014...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765579/antagonistic-effect-of-isolated-probiotic-bacteria-from-natural-sources-against-intestinal-escherichia-coli-pathotypes
#8
Sahar Karimi, Ehsan Rashidian, Mehdi Birjandi, Leila Mahmoodnia
Background: Probiotics are live microorganisms which are beneficial bacteria that are normal flora of the digestive system which, in determined amounts, show beneficial effects on host health, and can balance gastrointestinal microflora. Digestive tract diseases such as diarrhea are one of the major causes of child mortality in developing countries. Different pathotypes of Escherichia coli cause diarrhea that affects children, therefore reduction of these colonization strains in humans or animals can decline gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762770/carcass-and-meat-quality-characterization-of-indigenous-and-improved-variety-of-chicken-genotypes
#9
Suresh K Devatkal, Mangalathu R Vishnuraj, Vivek V Kulkarni, Talapaneni Kotaiah
A study was conducted to examine four genotypes of chicken for their carcass and meat quality characteristics. From each genotype, 20 birds were slaughtered at their respective age of maturity. Breast and thigh muscles were evaluated for meat quality characteristics. Transport loss and carcass weight were highest in the white commercial broiler (WBR) and lowest in Aseel (ASL) and Indbro Aseel (ASR). Dressing percentage ranged between 66.41 and 72.56 and was not significantly different among genotypes. The yield of various cut-up parts for different genotypic birds was significantly different (P < 0...
May 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762593/spectroscopic-properties-and-continuous-wave-deep-red-laser-operation-of-eu-3-doped-liyf-4
#10
Maxim Demesh, Anatol Yasukevich, Viktor Kisel, Elena Dunina, Alexey Kornienko, Vladimir Dashkevich, Valentin Orlovich, Elena Castellano-Hernández, Christian Kränkel, Nikolay Kuleshov
Eu3+ -doped LiYF4 is reexamined as a laser material for the visible spectral region. Polarized absorption and emission cross sections as well as the fluorescence lifetime are determined. Branching ratios and radiative lifetime are calculated within the theory of 4f-4f transition intensities, which takes into account the influence of an excited configuration of the opposite parity 4fN-1 5d. Continuous-wave laser operation at 702 nm is demonstrated with a maximum output power of 15 mW and a slope efficiency of 4...
May 15, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760768/mechanisms-of-change-for-interventions-aimed-at-improving-the-wellbeing-mental-health-and-resilience-of-children-and-adolescents-affected-by-war-and-armed-conflict-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#11
REVIEW
Tania Josiane Bosqui, Bassam Marshoud
Despite increasing research and clinical interest in delivering psychosocial interventions for children affected by war, little research has been conducted on the underlying mechanisms of change associated with these interventions. This review aimed to identify these processes in order to inform existing interventions and highlight research gaps. A systematic review of reviews was conducted drawing from academic databases (PubMed, PILOTS, Cochrane Library for Systematic Reviews) and field resources (e.g. Médecins Sans Frontières and the Psychosocial Centre of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies), with extracted data analysed using Thematic Content Analysis...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760603/relationship-between-aerobic-capacity-with-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-biomarkers-in-the-blood-of-older-mexican-urban-dwelling-population
#12
Juana Rosado-Pérez, Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
The maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) constitutes an indicator of an organism's capacity to integrate oxygen into the metabolism to obtaining energy. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between VO2max and oxidative stress (OxS) and chronic inflammation in the elderly individuals. A cross-sectional and exploratory study was conducted in a sample of 52 older persons. We measured plasma lipid peroxides (LPO), red blood cell glutathione peroxidase, red blood cell superoxide dismutase, and total antioxidant status...
April 2018: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760203/a-dense-linkage-map-of-lake-victoria-cichlids-improved-the-pundamilia-genome-assembly-and-revealed-a-major-qtl-for-sex-determination
#13
Philine G D Feulner, Julia Schwarzer, Marcel P Haesler, Joana I Meier, Ole Seehausen
Genetic linkage maps are essential for comparative genomics, high quality genome sequence assembly and fine scale quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping. In the present study we identified and genotyped markers via restriction-site associated DNA (RAD) sequencing and constructed a genetic linkage map based on 1,597 SNP markers of an interspecific F2 cross of two closely related Lake Victoria cichlids ( Pundamilia pundamilia and P. sp. 'red head'). The SNP markers were distributed on 22 linkage groups and the total map size was 1,594 cM with an average marker distance of 1...
May 14, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760069/heterometallic-ru-pt-metallacycle-for-two-photon-photodynamic-therapy
#14
Zhixuan Zhou, Jiangping Liu, Thomas W Rees, Heng Wang, Xiaopeng Li, Hui Chao, Peter J Stang
As an effective and noninvasive treatment of various diseases, photodynamic therapy (PTD) relies on the combination of light, a photosensitizer, and oxygen to generate cytotoxic reactive oxygen species that can damage malignant tissue. Much attention has been paid to covalent modifications of the photosensitizers to improve their photophysical properties and to optimize the pathway of the photosensitizers interacting with cells within the target tissue. Herein we report the design and synthesis of a supramolecular heterometallic Ru-Pt metallacycle via coordination-driven self-assembly...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759105/the-glycaemic-index-and-insulinaemic-index-of-commercially-available-breakfast-and-snack-foods-in-an-asian-population
#15
Wei Shuan Kimberly Tan, Wei Jie Kevin Tan, Shalini D/O Ponnalagu, Katie Koecher, Ravi Menon, Sze-Yen Tan, Christiani J Henry
A low-glycaemic-index (GI) breakfast has been shown to lower blood glucose levels throughout the day. A wide variety of breakfast foods are consumed, but their GI values are largely unknown, hence limiting consumers' ability to select healthier options. This study investigated the GI values of ten common breakfast (five Asian and five Western) foods in this region using a randomised, cross-over study design. Participants arrived after an overnight fast, and fasting blood sample was taken before participants consumed test foods...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758592/comparison-of-a-therapeutic-only-versus-prophylactic-platelet-transfusion-policy-for-people-with-congenital-or-acquired-bone-marrow-failure-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Reem Malouf, Asma Ashraf, Andreas V Hadjinicolaou, Carolyn Doree, Sally Hopewell, Lise J Estcourt
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow disorders encompass a group of diseases characterised by reduced production of red cells, white cells, and platelets, or defects in their function, or both. The most common bone marrow disorder is myelodysplastic syndrome. Thrombocytopenia, a low platelet count, commonly occurs in people with bone marrow failure. Platetet transfusions are routinely used in people with thrombocytopenia secondary to bone marrow failure disorders to treat or prevent bleeding. Myelodysplastic syndrome is currently the most common reason for receiving a platelet transfusion in some Western countries...
May 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757154/photonic-structured-fibers-assembled-from-cellulose-nanocrystals-with-tunable-polarized-selective-reflection
#17
Xin Meng, Hui Pan, Tao Lu, Zhixin Chen, Yanru Chen, Di Zhang, Shenmin Zhu
Fibers with self-assembled photonic structures are of special interest for their unique photonic properties and potential applications in smart textile industry. Inspired by nature, photonic-structured fibers were fabricated through the self-assembly of chiral nematic cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) and the fibers show tunable brilliant and selectively reflected colors under crossed-polarization. A simple wet-spinning method was applied to prepare composite fibers of mixed CNC matrix and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) additions...
May 14, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752644/a-new-candidate-laser-dye-based-1-4-bis-%C3%AE-2-naphthothiazolyle-vinyl-benzene-spectroscopic-behavior-laser-parameters-and-excitation-energy-transfer
#18
Abeer N Al-Romaizan, Mahmoud A Hussein
A new candidate laser dye based 1,4-bis[β-(2-naphthothisolyl) vinyl] benzene (BNTVB) were prepared, and characterized in various organic solvents. The center polarity is less sensitive than electronic absorption. A red shift was noticed in the fluorescence spectra (ca. 40 nm) with increment in the solvent's polarity, this means that BNTVB's polarity appreciates upon excitation. The dipole moment of ground state (μg ) and the excited singlet state dipole moment (μe ) are determined from Kawski - Chamma and Bakshiev-Viallet equations using the disparity of Stokes shift with solvent polarity function of ε (dielectric constant) and n (refractive index) of the solvent...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745271/fetal-hemoglobin-in-the-maternal-circulation-contribution-of-fetal-red-blood-cells
#19
Mutaz Dana, Eitan Fibach
The major hemoglobin (Hb) during fetal life is fetal Hb (Hb F). It is mostly replaced by adult Hbs before birth and during the first year of life. In adults, where Hb F comprises <2.0% of the total Hb, it is not homogenously distributed among the red blood cells (RBCs) but is concentrated in a few RBCs, termed F-cells. Interestingly, for reasons that are unclear, Hb F increases in the maternal circulation during pregnancy. This increased Hb F could have two potential origins that are not mutually exclusive: A) maternal origin, due to inducing environment of Hb F in the maternal erythroid precursors; B) fetal origin, due to fetal cells crossing the placenta and entering the maternal circulation...
May 10, 2018: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744274/genetic-linkage-map-and-qtl-identification-for-adventitious-rooting-traits-in-red-gum-eucalypts
#20
Murugan Sumathi, Vijaya Kumar Waman Bachpai, A Mayavel, Modhumita Ghosh Dasgupta, Binai Nagarajan, D Rajasugunasekar, Veerasamy Sivakumar, Ramasamy Yasodha
The eucalypt species, Eucalyptus tereticornis and Eucalyptus camaldulensis , show tolerance to drought and salinity conditions, respectively, and are widely cultivated in arid and semiarid regions of tropical countries. In this study, genetic linkage map was developed for interspecific cross E. tereticornis  ×  E. camaldulensis using pseudo-testcross strategy with simple sequence repeats (SSRs), intersimple sequence repeats (ISSRs), and sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) markers. The consensus genetic map comprised totally 283 markers with 84 SSRs, 94 ISSRs, and 105 SRAP markers on 11 linkage groups spanning 1163...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
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