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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777401/bantam-regulates-the-axonal-geometry-of-drosophila-larval-brain-by-modulating-actin-regulator-enabled
#1
Animesh Banerjee, Jagat Kumar Roy
During development, axonogenesis, an integral part of neurogenesis, is based on well-concerted events comprising generation, rearrangement, migration, elongation, and adhesion of neurons. Actin, specifically the crosstalk between the guardians of actin polymerization, like enabled, chickadee, capping protein plays an essential role in crafting several events of axonogenesis. Recent evidences reflect multifaceted role of microRNA during axonogenesis. Here, we investigated the role of bantam miRNA, a well-established miRNA in Drosophila, in regulating the actin organization during brain development...
May 18, 2018: Invertebrate Neuroscience: IN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775643/myocardial-infarction-induced-hippocampal-microtubule-damage-by-cardiac-originating-microrna-1-in-mice
#2
Lin-Lin Sun, Ming-Jing Duan, Ji-Chao Ma, Ling Xu, Meng Mao, Das Biddyut, Qin Wang, Chao Yang, Shuai Zhang, Yi Xu, Lin Yang, You Tian, Ying Liu, Sheng-Nan Xia, Ke-Xin Li, Zhuo Jin, Qiaojie Xiong, Jing Ai
Cardiovascular diseases are risk factors for dementia, but the mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we report that myocardial infarction (MI) generated by the ligation of the left coronary artery (LCA) could lead to increased miR-1 levels in the hippocampus and blood with neuronal microtubule damage and decreased TPPP/p25 protein expression in the hippocampus. These changes could be prevented by a knockdown of miR-1 using hippocampal stereotaxic injections of anti-miR-1 oligonucleotide fragments carried by a lentivirus vector (lenti-pre-AMO-miR-1)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774773/mir-711-induced-down-regulation-of-angiopoietin-1-mediates-neuronal-cell-death
#3
Boris Sabirzhanov, Alan Faden, Taryn Aubrecht, Rebecca Henry, Ethan Glaser, Bogdan A Stoica
Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) is a well-known endothelial growth factor but its effects on neurons have yet to be elucidated. We show that Ang-1 is rapidly down-regulated in the injured brain after controlled cortical impact (CCI), a mouse experimental TBI model and in etoposide-induced neuronal apoptosis in vitro. Ang-1 treatment inhibits etoposide-induced up-regulation of pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members Noxa, Puma, Bim, and Bax; reduces markers of caspase-dependent (cytochrome c release/caspase activation) and caspase-independent (apoptosis-inducing factor release) pathways; and limits neuronal cell death...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767230/competing-endogenous-rna-regulatory-network-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#4
Shouhua Chen, Xiaobin Fan, He Gu, Lili Zhang, Wenhua Zhao
The present study aimed to screen all types of RNAs involved in the development of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). RNA‑sequencing data of PTC and normal samples were used for screening differentially expressed (DE) microRNAs (DE‑miRNAs), long non‑coding RNAs (DE‑lncRNAs) and genes (DEGs). Subsequently, lncRNA‑miRNA, miRNA‑gene (that is, miRNA‑mRNA) and gene‑gene interaction pairs were extracted and used to construct regulatory networks. Feature genes in the miRNA‑mRNA network were identified by topological analysis and recursive feature elimination analysis...
May 11, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761857/downregulated-expression-of-microrna-329-inhibits-apoptosis-of-nigral-dopaminergic-neurons-by-regulating-cdkn2d-expression-via-the-foxo3a-signaling-pathway-in-rats-with-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Yuan-Yuan Liu, Yi-Nan Zhang, Qing-Shan Yang
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder due to the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. This study focuses on the effect of microRNA-329 (miR-329) on nigral dopaminergic neurons in a rat model of PD via the FoxO3a signaling pathway by binding to CDKN2D. Brain tissues from the substantia nigra were taken from the rats in two groups. TUNEL staining was used to observe tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive neurons. Nigral dopaminergic neurons were randomized into the normal, blank, negative control (NC), miR-329 mimics, miR-329 inhibitors, small interfering (siRNA)-CDKN2D, and miR-329 inhibitors + siRNA-CDKN2D groups...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751355/targeting-of-microrna-21-5p-protects-against-seizure-damage-in-a-kainic-acid-induced-status-epilepticus-model-via-pten-mtor
#6
Chongyang Tang, Yunhe Gu, Haiyang Wang, Hongmei Wu, Yu Wang, Yao Meng, Zhibin Han, Yifei Gu, Wei Ma, Zhenfeng Jiang, Yuanyuan Song, Meng Na, Dunyue Lu, Zhiguo Lin
OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown that microRNAs play a role in the development of epilepsy by regulating downstream target messenger (m)RNA. The present study aims to determine the changes associated with microRNA-21-5p (miR-21-5p) during epileptogenesis in a kainic acid rat model, and to assess whether the PTEN-mTOR pathway is a target of miR-21-5p. METHOD: Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to examine the quantitative expressions of miR-21-5p and PTEN, and Western blotting was used to test the activity of mTOR in the acute, latent, and chronic stages of epileptogenesis...
May 4, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749511/bioinformatics-analysis-of-microarray-data-to-reveal-the-pathogenesis-of-brain-ischemia
#7
Jiaxuan He, Ya Gao, Gang Wu, Xiaoming Lei, Yong Zhang, Weikang Pan, Hui Yu
Brain ischemia leads to energy depletion, mitochondrial dysfunction and neuronal cell death. The present study was designed to identify key genes and pathways associated with brain ischemia. The gene expression profile GSE52001, including 3 normal brain samples and 3 cerebral ischemia samples, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using the limma package. Then functional and pathway enrichment analyses were performed by the MATHT tool...
May 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749487/rs2910164-in-microrna%C3%A2-146a-confers-an-elevated-risk-of-depression-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-by-modulating-the-expression-of-nos1
#8
Xinling Zhang, Qianqian Huo, Wei Sun, Chunxiang Zhang, Zongyin Wu, Bing Xing, Qiang Li
Depression has been well established as an independent predictor of mortality and cardiac morbidity rates in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Evidence has shown that single nucleotide polymorphisms located in pre‑microRNA (miRNA) or mature miRNA may modify various biological processes and affect the process of carcinogenesis, and the downregulation of neuronal nitric oxide synthase 1 (NOS1) can induce depression. It has been shown that NOS1 is the target gene of miR‑146a, and that the rs2910164 G/C polymorphism can downregulate the expression of miR‑146a...
April 26, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746584/specific-serum-and-csf-microrna-profiles-distinguish-sporadic-behavioural-variant-of-frontotemporal-dementia-compared-with-alzheimer-patients-and-cognitively-healthy-controls
#9
Johannes Denk, Felix Oberhauser, Johannes Kornhuber, Jens Wiltfang, Klaus Fassbender, Matthias L Schroeter, Alexander E Volk, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Johannes Prudlo, Adrian Danek, Bernhard Landwehrmeyer, Martin Lauer, Markus Otto, Holger Jahn
Information on circulating miRNAs in frontotemporal lobar degeneration is very limited and conflicting results have complicated an interpretation in Alzheimer's disease thus far. In the present study we I) collected samples from multiple clinical centers across Germany, II) defined 3 homogenous patient groups with high sample sizes (bvFTD n = 48, AD n = 48 and cognitively healthy controls n = 44), III) compared expression levels in both CSF and serum samples and IV) detected a limited set of miRNAs by using a MIQE compliant protocol based on SYBR-green miRCURY assays that have proven reliable to generate reproducible results...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738845/microrna-7-facilitates-the-degradation-of-alpha-synuclein-and-its-aggregates-by-promoting-autophagy
#10
Doo Chul Choi, Myungsik Yoo, Savan Kabaria, Eunsung Junn
Alpha-Synuclein (α-Syn) is an important protein in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD) as it accumulates as fibrillar inclusions in affected brain regions including dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Elevated levels of α-Syn seem to be crucial in mediating its toxicity. Thus, detailed information regarding the regulatory mechanism of α-Syn expression in several layers such as transcription, post-transcription and post-translation is needed in order to devise therapeutic interventions for PD...
May 5, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738527/defensive-effect-of-microrna-200b-c-against-amyloid-beta-peptide-induced-toxicity-in-alzheimer-s-disease-models
#11
Sayuri Higaki, Masashi Muramatsu, Akio Matsuda, Kenji Matsumoto, Jun-Ichi Satoh, Makoto Michikawa, Shumpei Niida
MiRNA molecules are important post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression in the brain function. Altered miRNA profiles could represent a defensive response against the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Endogenous miRNAs have lower toxic effects than other gene silencing methods, thus enhancing the expression of defensive miRNA could be an effective therapy. However, little is known about the potential of targeting miRNAs for the treatment of AD. Here, we examined the function of the miR-200 family (miR-200a, -141, -429, -200b, -200c), identified using miRNA microarray analysis of cortical tissue from Tg2576 transgenic mice...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735530/nmda-receptor-dependent-dephosphorylation-of-serine-387-in-argonaute-2-increases-its-degradation-and-affects-dendritic-spine-density-and-maturation
#12
Nicolas Paradis-Isler, Jannic Boehm
Argonaute (AGO) proteins are essential components of the microRNA (miRNA) pathway. AGO proteins are loaded with miRNAs to target mRNAs and thereby regulate mRNA stability and protein translation. As such, AGO proteins are important actors in controlling local protein synthesis, for instance, at dendritic spines and synapses. Although miRNA-mediated regulation of dendritic mRNAs has become a focus of intense interest over the past years, the mechanisms regulating neuronal AGO proteins remain largely unknown...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721191/microrna-652-induces-ned-in-lncap-and-emt-in-pc3-prostate-cancer-cells
#13
Robert K Nam, Tania Benatar, Yutaka Amemiya, Christopher J D Wallis, Joan Miguel Romero, Melina Tsagaris, Christopher Sherman, Linda Sugar, Arun Seth
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNA molecules that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression. Dysregulation of miRNAs is frequently associated with disease and, in particular, is involved in prostate cancer progression. Next generation miRNA sequencing identified a panel of five miRNAs associated with prostate cancer recurrence and metastasis. High expression of one of these five miRNAs, miR-652, correlated significantly with an increased rate of prostate cancer biochemical recurrence. Overexpression of miR-652 in prostate cancer cells, PC3 and LNCaP, resulted in increased growth, migration and invasion...
April 10, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719095/microrna-135a-alleviates-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-and-reoxygenation-induced-injury-in-neurons-through-regulation-of-gsk-3%C3%AE-nrf2-signaling
#14
Xiaobin Liu, Min Li, Mingshan Hou, Weidong Huang, Jinning Song
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been suggested as pivotal regulators in the pathological process of cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of miR-135a in regulating neuronal survival in cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury using an in vitro cellular model induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R). Our results showed that miR-135a expression was significantly decreased in neurons with OGD/R treatment. Overexpression of miR-135a significantly alleviated OGD/R-induced cell injury and oxidative stress, whereas inhibition of miR-135a showed the opposite effects...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715465/up-regulation-of-mir-122-protects-against-neuronal-cell-death-in-ischemic-stroke-through-the-heat-shock-protein-70-dependent-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-by-targeting-foxo3
#15
Dong Guo, Ji Ma, Tengfei Li, Lei Yan
Dysfunction of the microRNA (miR) network has been emerging as a main regulator in ischemic stroke. Recently, studies have linked the deregulation of miR-122 to ischemic stroke. However, the specific role and molecular mechanism of miR-122 in ischemic stroke remain to be further investigated. Here, we found that miR-122 was decreased in mouse N2A neuroblastoma (N2A) cells after oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) and mouse brain after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). OGD treatment significantly increased N2A cell death and Caspase-3 activity, and decreased Bcl-2 protein expression...
April 28, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714132/mir-7-replacement-therapy-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Ricardo Titze-de-Almeida, Simoneide Souza Titze-de-Almeida
The present review examines whether the microRNA 7 (miR-7) holds potential for slowing Parkinson's disease (PD) progression. First, the accurate expression of miR-7 allows for the normal development, physiology, and neurogenesis in the central nervous system, also keeping alpha-synuclein (α-Syn) at the physiological level. Second, patients with PD and parkinsonian MPTP-induced animals exhibit a significant decrease of miR-7 in brain areas associated with dopaminergic neurodegeneration. Depletion of miR-7 in the substantia nigra of clinical samples was related to α-Syn accumulation, loss of dopaminergic cells, and reduction of dopamine in the striatum...
April 30, 2018: Current Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710810/exploring-microrna-biomarker-for-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#17
Y-H Taguchi, Hsiuying Wang
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is among the severe neuro degenerative diseases that lack widely available effective treatments. As the disease progresses, patients lose the control of voluntary muscles. Although the neuronal degeneration is the cause of this disease, the failure mechanism is still unknown. In order to seek genetic mechanisms that initiate and progress ALS, the association of microRNA (miRNA) expression with this disease was considered. Serum miRNAs from healthy controls, sporadic ALS (sALS), familial ALS (fALS) and ALS mutation carriers were investigated...
April 28, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710703/inflammatory-cytokine-il-1%C3%AE-regulates-glial-glutamate-transporter-via-microrna-181a-in-vitro
#18
Joannee Zumkehr, Carlos J Rodriguez-Ortiz, Rodrigo Medeiros, Masashi Kitazawa
Glutamate overload triggers synaptic and neuronal loss that potentially contributes to neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Glutamate clearance and regulation at synaptic clefts is primarily mediated by glial glutamate transporter 1 (GLT-1). We determined that inflammatory cytokines significantly upregulated GLT-1 through microRNA-181a-mediated post-transcriptional modifications. Unveiling the key underlying mechanisms modulating GLT-1 helps better understand its physiological and pathological interactions with cytokines...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707120/mirna-based-signatures-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-as-potential-diagnostic-tools-for-early-stage-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Marcia Cristina T Dos Santos, Miguel Arturo Barreto-Sanz, Bruna Renata S Correia, Rosie Bell, Catherine Widnall, Luis Tosar Perez, Caroline Berteau, Claudia Schulte, Dieter Scheller, Daniela Berg, Walter Maetzler, Pedro A F Galante, Andre Nogueira da Costa
Parkinson's Disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder, affecting 1-2% of the elderly population. Its diagnosis is still based on the identification of motor symptoms when a considerable number of dopaminergic neurons are already lost. The development of translatable biomarkers for accurate diagnosis at the earliest stages of PD is of extreme interest. Several microRNAs have been associated with PD pathophysiology. Consequently, microRNAs are emerging as potential biomarkers, especially due to their presence in Cerebrospinal Fluid and peripheral circulation...
April 3, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707000/microrna-and-microvascular-complications-of-diabetes
#20
REVIEW
F Barutta, S Bellini, R Mastrocola, G Bruno, G Gruden
In the last decade, miRNAs have received substantial attention as potential players of diabetes microvascular complications, affecting the kidney, the retina, and the peripheral neurons. Compelling evidence indicates that abnormally expressed miRNAs have pivotal roles in key pathogenic processes of microvascular complications, such as fibrosis, apoptosis, inflammation, and angiogenesis. Moreover, clinical research into innovative both diagnostic and prognostic tools suggests circulating miRNAs as possible novel noninvasive markers of diabetes microvascular complications...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
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