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Colon atresia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995762/a-case-report-of-purulent-pericarditis-caused-by-candida-albicans-delayed-complication-forty-years-after-esophageal-surgery
#1
Joowhan Sung, Irving Enrique Perez, Addi Feinstein, David Kidd Stein
RATIONALE: Candida pericarditis is a rare condition with high mortality. Risk factors include thoracic surgery and immunosuppression. We report a case of candida pericarditis which developed forty-years after esophageal reconstruction surgery. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 42-year-old female presented with nausea, abdominal discomfort, and chest pain, and was found to have a cardiac tamponade secondary to candida pericarditis. Her notable risk factor was colonic interposition done during her infancy for esophageal atresia...
July 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978960/-retrospective-analysis-of-morbidity-and-mortality-of-intestinal-atresias-in-newborns
#2
A Siu Uribe, R M Paredes Esteban, J E Betancourth-Alvarenga, F Vázquez Rueda, L Delgado Cotán, J I Garrido Pérez
OBJECTIVE: Intestinal atresia (IA) is the most common obstructive congenital malformation in the gastrointestinal tract. The aim is to describe the morbidity and mortality of AI in our series. METHODS: Retrospective study in infants with AI who underwent surgery in our hospital in the past 15 years. Descriptive analysis was performed by collecting clinical and epidemiological variables. Qualitative and quantitative statistical analysis were performed. RESULTS: A total of 32 patients, 40...
April 20, 2018: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939253/experience-with-fully-covered-self-expandable-metal-stents-for-anastomotic-stricture-following-esophageal-atresia-repair
#3
B Lange, M Sold, G Kähler, L M Wessel, R Kubiak
There is a lack of experience with fully covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) for the treatment of benign esophageal conditions in the pediatric population. This is the evaluation of our institutional experience of placing SEMSs for anastomotic stricture (AS) formation following esophageal atresia (EA) repair. Patients were jointly managed from the Department of Pediatric Surgery and Central Interdisciplinary Endoscopy at our institution. Thirteen children (8 male, 5 female) with a median age of 4 months (range: 1-32 months) who underwent treatment with SEMSs for a postoperative AS following EA repair between February 2006 and April 2016 were recruited into this retrospective study...
June 25, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905609/double-supercharged-jejunal-interposition-for-late-salvage-of-long-gap-esophageal-atresia
#4
Ingrid M Ganske, Joseph M Firriolo, Laura C Nuzzi, Oren Ganor, Thomas E Hamilton, C Jason Smithers, Russell W Jennings, Joseph Upton, Brian I Labow, Amir H Taghinia
BACKGROUND: A variety of surgical techniques exist to manage long-gap esophageal atresia (LGEA), including gastric pull-up (GPU), colonic interposition (CI), jejunal interposition (JI), and distraction lengthening. Salvage reconstruction for late failure of any conduit type is a complex surgical problem fraught with technical difficulty and significant risk. Jejunal interposition can be used as a salvage procedure in the management of LGEA. However, the opposing requirements of conduit length and adequate perfusion make the procedure technically challenging...
June 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729773/surgical-outcomes-in-alagille-syndrome-and-pfic-a-single-institution-s-20-year-experience
#5
Celia D Flores, Yangyang R Yu, Tamir A Miloh, John Goss, Mary L Brandt
BACKGROUND: Alagille Syndrome (AGS) and Progressive Familial Intrahepatic Cholestasis (PFIC) are rare pediatric biliary disorders that lead to progressive liver disease. This study reviews our experience with the surgical management of these disorders over the last 20years. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of children diagnosed with AGS or PFIC from January 1996 to December 2016. Data collected included demographics, surgical intervention (liver transplant or biliary diversion), and complications...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681704/cytomegalovirus-as-a-cause-of-colonic-stricture-simulating-hirschsprung-s-disease
#6
Chiranjiv Kumar, Meera Luthra
Colonic stenosis/atresias account for only 5%-15% of all atresias. Colonic stenosis is rarer than atresia and mostly occurs in ascending and transverse colon. Gastrointestinal sequelae of cytomegalovirus (CMV) are rare, frequently requires surgical intervention for diagnosis and management. We describe a 5-month-old female child with complaints of recurrent abdominal distension, vomiting, and constipation for 2 months simulating Hirschsprung's disease. After barium enema, the baby was taken up for surgery. Intraoperatively, we found a colonic stricture in the descending colon...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624817/fatal-hyperammonemia-associated-with-disseminated-serratia-marcescens-infection-in-a-pediatric-liver-transplant-recipient
#7
Stephen Mouat, Jonathan Bishop, Emma Glamuzina, Simon Chin, Emma J Best, Helen M Evans
Hyperammonemia is a rare and important complication post-liver transplantation. We review a case of a 5-month-old boy with biliary atresia who received a split liver transplant following a variceal bleed. The transplant was complicated by recurrent portal vein thrombosis. Colonized with Serratia marcescens pretransplant, he developed disseminated infection associated with very high levels of ammonia that led to his death. It is important to be aware of serum ammonia levels in patients with portal vein thrombosis, particularly in the setting of gastrointestinal bleeding and sepsis...
June 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588261/complete-penile-duplication-with-structurally-normal-penises-a-case-report
#8
Ahsen Karagözlü Akgül, Murat Uçar, Fatih Çelik, İrfan Kırıştıoğlu, Nizamettin Kılıç
BACKGROUND: Diphallia is a very rare anomaly and seen once in every 5.5 million live births. True diphallia with normal penile structures is extremely rare (1,2,3,4,5,6,7). We present the surgical management of a 4-year-old patient with complete penile duplication without any penile or urethral pathology. CASE REPORT: The patient's first physical examination revealed complete penile duplication, urine flow from both penises, meconium flow from right urethra, and anal atresia...
March 28, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531469/four-cancer-cases-after-esophageal-atresia-repair-time-to-start-screening-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract
#9
Floor Wt Vergouwe, Madeleine Gottrand, Bas Pl Wijnhoven, Hanneke IJsselstijn, Guillaume Piessen, Marco J Bruno, René Mh Wijnen, Manon Cw Spaander
Esophageal atresia (EA) is one of the most common congenital digestive malformations and requires surgical correction early in life. Dedicated centers have reported survival rates up to 95%. The most frequent comorbidities after EA repair are dysphagia (72%) and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) (67%). Chronic GER after EA repair might lead to mucosal damage, esophageal stricturing, Barrett's esophagus and eventually esophageal adenocarcinoma. Several long-term follow-up studies found an increased risk of Barrett's esophagus and esophageal carcinoma in EA patients, both at a relatively young age...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374628/radiological-feature-of-colonic-atresia
#10
Jia-Liang Zhou, Yuan-Long Fang, Song Tian, Xiao-Chun Zhu, Wu-Ping Ge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094488/maternal-report-of-fever-from-cold-or-flu-during-early-pregnancy-and-the-risk-for-noncardiac-birth-defects-national-birth-defects-prevention-study-1997-2011
#11
Dorothy Kim Waller, Syed Shahrukh Hashmi, Adrienne T Hoyt, Hao T Duong, Sarah C Tinker, Michael Shayne Gallaway, Richard S Olney, Richard H Finnell, Jacqueline Tauber Hecht, Mark A Canfield
BACKGROUND: As maternal fever affects approximately 6-8% of early pregnancies, it is important to expand upon previous observations of an association between maternal fever and birth defects. METHODS: We analyzed data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multistate, case-control study of major structural birth defects. Telephone interviews were completed by mothers of cases (n = 17,162) and controls (n = 10,127). Using multivariable logistic regression, we assessed the association between maternal self-report of cold or flu with fever and cold or flu without fever during early pregnancy and 30 categories of non-cardiac birth defects...
March 1, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089704/neonatal-gastrointestinal-perforations-the-10-year-experience-of-a-reference-hospital
#12
Mehmet Saraç, Ünal Bakal, Mustafa Aydın, Tugay Tartar, Aysen Orman, Erdal Taşkın, Şenay Canpolat, Ahmet Kazez
The aim of this study was to present our experiences with, as well as the factors that affect, the treatment and outcome of patients with neonatal gastrointestinal perforations (GIPs). Thirty-eight newborn cases that were operated on for GIP in our hospital's tertiary newborn intensive care unit between January 2005 and December 2015 were retrospectively evaluated. The patients were divided into the two following groups: group 1, perforations related to necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and group 2, non-NEC perforations...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958264/substernal-colon-volvulus-with-ischemia-43-years-after-reconstruction-for-esophageal-atresia
#13
Christopher L Henry, J Matthew Reinerssman, Subrato J Deb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927774/chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-in-a-child-with-treacher-collins-syndrome
#14
E Giabicani, J Lemale, L Dainese, S Boudjemaa, A Coulomb, P Tounian, B Dubern
BACKGROUND: Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) mainly presents with severe craniofacial developmental abnormalities characterized by a combination of bilateral downward-slanting palpebral fissures, colobomas of the lower eyelids, hypoplasia of the facial bones, cleft palate, malformation of the external ears, atresia of the external auditory canals, and bilateral conductive hearing loss. It is due to mutations in Treacher Collins syndrome 1 (TCOF1) (5q32-q33.1) and Polymerase RNA 1 polypeptides D and C (POLR1D [13q12...
September 15, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876575/neonatal-surgery-a-study-of-two-years-at-nelson-mandela-academic-hospital-mthatha-eastern-cape
#15
A Delgado, A Cejas, D Bangasa
BACKGROUND: Advances in diagnostic techniques and perioperative care have greatly improved the outcome of neonatal surgery. Despite this, disparity still exists in the outcome of neonatal surgery between developed and developing countries. METHOD: We performed a prospective study of neonates admitted and treated due to surgical congenital diseases and other conditions in our hospital from April 2015 to April 2017. RESULTS: There were 19 (28,7%) females and 47 (70,3%) males in this group...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763485/cxcr2-signaling-and-the-microbiome-suppress-inflammation-bile-duct-injury-and-the-phenotype-of-experimental-biliary-atresia
#16
Junbae Jee, Reena Mourya, Pranavkumar Shivakumar, Lin Fei, Michael Wagner, Jorge A Bezerra
Biliary atresia is progressive fibro-inflammatory cholangiopathy of young children. Central to pathogenic mechanisms of injury is the tissue targeting by the innate and adaptive immune cells. Among these cells, neutrophils and the IL-8/Cxcl-8 signaling via its Cxcr2 receptor have been linked to bile duct injury. Here, we aimed to investigate whether the intestinal microbiome modulates Cxcr2-dependent bile duct injury and obstruction. Adult wild-type (WT) and Cxcr2-/- mice were fed a diet supplemented with sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (SMZ/TMP) during pregnancy and lactation, and their pups were injected intraperitoneally with rhesus rotavirus (RRV) within 24 hours of life to induce experimental biliary atresia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677072/disparity-in-access-and-outcomes-for-emergency-neonatal-surgery-intestinal-atresia-in-kampala-uganda
#17
Sarah Cairo, Nasser Kakembo, Phyllis Kisa, Arlene Muzira, Maija Cheung, James Healy, Doruk Ozgediz, John Sekabira
BACKGROUND/AIM: Intestinal atresia is one of the leading causes of neonatal intestinal obstruction (NIO). The purpose of this study was to analyze the presentation and outcome of IA and compare with those from both similar and high-income country settings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data from patient charts and pediatric surgical database for 2012-2015 was performed. Epidemiological data and patient characteristics were analyzed and outcomes were compared with those reported in other LMICs and high-income countries (HICs)...
August 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625693/long-term-functional-outcomes-after-replacement-of-the-esophagus-in-pediatric-patients-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Stefano Garritano, Tomoyuki Irino, Chiara Maria Scandavini, Andrianos Tsekrekos, Lars Lundell, Ioannis Rouvelas
BACKGROUND: The indications of esophageal replacement (ER) in pediatric patients include long gap esophageal atresia (LGEA), intractable post-corrosive esophageal strictures (PCES), and some rare esophageal diseases. Various conduits and procedures are currently used worldwide with a lack of consensus regarding the ideal substitute to replace the esophagus replacement. The short-term outcomes of these advanced procedures are well known; there are few data available describing long-term functional outcomes of these patients with long life expectancy...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601898/varied-facets-of-rectal-atresia-and-rectal-stenosis
#19
REVIEW
Shilpa Sharma, Devendra K Gupta
Rectal atresia (RA) and rectal stenosis (RS) are rare anomalies with varied treatment options. A thorough literature review was done on reported cases/series of RA and RS. Based on evidence from cases managed over last 15 years, new insights into embryology were hypothesized. A comprehensive review was compiled with updated knowledge on diagnosis and management. RA is classified into five types I: II: III: IV: V as RS: RA with septal defect: RA with a fibrous cord between two atretic ends: RA with a gap: Multiple RA and/or RS...
August 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555949/end-to-side-anastomosis-of-the-left-ventral-colon-to-the-small-colon-in-a-neonatal-foal-with-segmental-agenesis-of-the-large-colon
#20
S Biasutti, A J Dart, C M Dart, E Uquillas, L B Jeffcott
CASE REPORT: A newborn foal was referred for evaluation because it had not passed meconium, despite the administration of four enemas. Abdominal radiographs and ultrasound scans showed generalised gaseous distension of the intestine and there was no observable meconium in the colon. Positive contrast colography showed contrast medium extending to the transverse colon. An exploratory laparotomy confirmed the absence of the left and right dorsal colon and the pelvic and diaphragmatic flexures...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
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