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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417676/bio-energy-generation-in-an-affordable-single-chamber-microbial-fuel-cell-integrated-with-adsorption-hybrid-system-effects-of-temperature-and-comparison-study
#1
Pei-Fang Tee, Mohammad Omar Abdullah, Ivy A W Tan, Mohamed A M Amin, Cirilo Nolasco-Hipolito, Kopli Bujang
A microbial fuel cell (MFC) intergrated with adsorption system (MFC-AHS) are tested under various operating tempartures with palm oil mill effluent (POME) as the substrate. The optimum operating temperature for such system is found to be at ∼ 35°C with current, power density, internal resistance (Rin), coulombic efficiency (CE) and maximum chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal of 2.51 ± 0.2 mA, 74 ± 6 mW m(-3), 25.4 Ω, 10.65 ± 0.5% and 93.57 ± 1.2%, respectively. Maximum current density increase linearly with temperature at a rate of 0...
April 18, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415385/antitubercular-activity-of-zno-nanoparticles-prepared-by-solution-combustion-synthesis-using-lemon-juice-as-bio-fuel
#2
Prashanth Gopala Krishna, Prashanth Paduvarahalli Ananthaswamy, Priyanka Trivedi, Vinita Chaturvedi, Nagabhushana Bhangi Mutta, Ananda Sannaiah, Amani Erra, Tejabhiram Yadavalli
In this study, we report the synthesis, structural and morphological characteristics of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles using solution combustion synthesis method where lemon juice was used as the fuel. In vitro anti-tubercular activity of the synthesized ZnO nanoparticles and their biocompatibility studies, both in vitro and in vivo were carried out. The synthesized nanoparticles showed inhibition of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra strain at concentrations as low as 12.5μg/mL. In vitro cytotoxicity study performed with normal mammalian cells (L929, 3T3-L1) showed that ZnO nanoparticles are non-toxic with a Selectivity Index (SI) >10...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414815/isolation-of-human-explant-derived-cardiac-stem-cells-from-cryopreserved-heart-tissue
#3
Robyn Jackson, Seth Mount, Bin Ye, Audrey E Mayfield, Vincent Chan, Munir Boodhwani, Ross A Davies, Haissam Haddad, Darryl R Davis
The value of preserving high quality bio specimens for fundamental research is significant as linking cellular and molecular changes to clinical and epidemiological data has fueled many recent advances in medicine. Unfortunately, storage of traditional biospecimens is limited to fixed samples or isolated genetic material. Here, we report the effect of cryopreservation of routine myocardial biopsies on explant derived cardiac stem cell (EDC) culture outcomes. We demonstrate that immediate cryopreservation or delayed cryopreservation after suspension within cardioplegia for 12 hours did not alter EDC yields, proliferative capacity, antigenic phenotype or paracrine signature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410512/hydronium-jarosite-activation-of-peroxymonosulfate-for-the-oxidation-of-organic-contaminant-in-an-electrochemical-reactor-driven-by-microbial-fuel-cell
#4
Suding Yan, Jinyao Geng, Rui Guo, Yue Du, Hui Zhang
Electro-assisted Fenton-like (EAFL) system based on sulfate radicals (SO4(-)) has been extensively explored for the degradation of recalcitrant organic contaminant. Nevertheless, external power supply should be provided uninterruptedly in the EAFL process and thus the high energy consumption is ineluctable. Recently, microbial fuel cell (MFC), a bio-electrochemical system where exoelectricigens are used to catalyze fuels into electricity energy has gained popularity mainly due to its renewability. Herein, a novel heterogeneous EAFL system, hydronium jarosite (HJ) activation of peroxymonosulfate (PMS) in an electrochemical reactor driven by an uncoated single-chamber MFC (MFC/HJ/PMS), was employed to decolorize acid orange 7 (AO7)...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399854/improved-n-butanol-production-via-co-expression-of-membrane-targeted-tilapia-metallothionein-and-the-clostridial-metabolic-pathway-in-escherichia-coli
#5
Wei-Chih Chin, Kuo-Hsing Lin, Chun-Chi Liu, Kenji Tsuge, Chieh-Chen Huang
BACKGROUND: N-Butanol has favorable characteristics for use as either an alternative fuel or platform chemical. Bio-based n-butanol production using microbes is an emerging technology that requires further development. Although bio-industrial microbes such as Escherichia coli have been engineered to produce n-butanol, reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated toxicity may limit productivity. Previously, we show that outer-membrane-targeted tilapia metallothionein (OmpC-TMT) is more effective as an ROS scavenger than human and mouse metallothioneins to reduce oxidative stress in the host cell...
April 11, 2017: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396124/lactobacilli-and-pediococci-as-versatile-cell-factories-evaluation-of-strain-properties-and-genetic-tools
#6
REVIEW
Elleke F Bosma, Jochen Forster, Alex Toftgaard Nielsen
This review discusses opportunities and bottlenecks for cell factory development of Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB), with an emphasis on lactobacilli and pediococci, their metabolism and genetic tools. In order to enable economically feasible bio-based production of chemicals and fuels in a biorefinery, the choice of product, substrate and production organism is important. Currently, the most frequently used production hosts include Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, but promising examples are available of alternative hosts such as LAB...
April 7, 2017: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377275/phosphoketolase-overexpression-increases-biomass-and-lipid-yield-from-methane-in-an-obligate-methanotrophic-biocatalyst
#7
Calvin A Henard, Holly K Smith, Michael T Guarnieri
Microbial conversion of methane to high-value bio-based fuels, chemicals, and materials offers a path to mitigate GHG emissions and valorize this abundant-yet -underutilized carbon source. In addition to fermentation optimization strategies, rational methanotrophic bacterial strain engineering offers a means to reach industrially relevant titers, carbon yields, and productivities of target products. The phosphoketolase pathway functions in heterofermentative bacteria where carbon flux through two sugar catabolic pathways to mixed acids (lactic acid and acetic acid) increases cellular ATP production...
April 2, 2017: Metabolic Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367095/high-production-of-2-3-butanediol-by-a-mutant-strain-of-the-newly-isolated-klebsiella-pneumoniae-srp2-with-increased-tolerance-towards-glycerol
#8
Md Shafiqur Rahman, Chunbao Charles Xu, Kesen Ma, Malaya Nanda, Wensheng Qin
Biodiesel, a renewable fuel produced by transesterification of animal fats and vegetable oils, generates about 10% (v/v) of crude glycerol as a core byproduct. The high volume of this non bio-degradable glycerol is becoming of a great environmental and economical concern due to its worldwide ever-growing surplus. Herein we report a high production of 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BD) from pure and biodiesel derived crude glycerol using a mutant K. pneumoniae SRM2 obtained from a newly isolated strain Klebsiella pneumoniae SRP2...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342590/a-life-cycle-assessment-of-distributed-energy-production-from-organic-waste-two-case-studies-in-europe
#9
Sara Evangelisti, Roland Clift, Carla Tagliaferri, Paola Lettieri
By means of the life cycle assessment methodology, the purpose of this study is to assess the environmental impact when biomethane from organic waste produced at residential level is used to supply energy to a group of dwellings in the distributed generation paradigm. Three different Combined Heat and Power systems, such as fuel cells, Stirling engine and micro gas turbine, installed at household level are assessed in two different settings: one in Northern Europe (UK) and one in Southern Europe (Italy). Different operating strategies are investigated for each technology...
March 22, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340989/bio-electron-fenton-bef-process-driven-by-microbial-fuel-cells-for-triphenyltin-chloride-tptc-degradation
#10
Xiao-Yu Yong, Dong-Yan Gu, Yuan-Dong Wu, Zhi-Ying Yan, Jun Zhou, Xia-Yuan Wu, Ping Wei, Hong-Hua Jia, Tao Zheng, Yang-Chun Yong
The intensive use of triphenyltin chloride (TPTC) has caused serious environmental pollution. In this study, an effective method for TPTC degradation was proposed based on the Bio-Electron-Fenton process in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). The maximum voltage of the MFC with graphite felt as electrode was 278.47% higher than that of carbon cloth. The electricity generated by MFC can be used for in situ generation of H2O2 to a maximum of 135.96μmolL(-1) at the Fe@Fe2O3(*)/graphite felt composite cathode, which further reacted with leached Fe(2+) to produce hydroxyl radicals...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331544/vapor-fed-bio-hybrid-fuel-cell
#11
Marcus S Benyamin, Justin P Jahnke, David M Mackie
BACKGROUND: Concentration and purification of ethanol and other biofuels from fermentations are energy-intensive processes, with amplified costs at smaller scales. To circumvent the need for these processes, and to potentially reduce transportation costs as well, we have previously investigated bio-hybrid fuel cells (FCs), in which a fermentation and FC are closely coupled. However, long-term operation requires strictly preventing the fermentation and FC from harming each other. We introduce here the concept of the vapor-fed bio-hybrid FC as a means of continuously extracting power from ongoing fermentations at ambient conditions...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319371/expression-of-heterologous-sigma-factor-expands-the-searchable-space-for-biofuel-tolerance-mechanisms
#12
Timothy A Tomko, Mary J Dunlop
Microorganisms can produce hydrocarbons that can serve as replacements or additions to conventional liquid fuels for use in the transportation sector. However, a common problem in the microbial synthesis of biofuels is that these compounds often have toxic effects on the cell. In this study, we focused on mitigating the toxicity of the bio-jet fuel precursor pinene on Escherichia coli. We used genomic DNA from Pseudomonas putida KT2440, which has innate solvent-tolerance properties, to create transgenic libraries in an E...
March 20, 2017: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284115/bioelectrochemical-systems-using-microalgae-a-concise-research-update
#13
Rijuta Ganesh Saratale, Chandrasekar Kuppam, Ackmez Mudhoo, Ganesh Dattatraya Saratale, Sivagurunathan Periyasamy, Guangyin Zhen, László Koók, Péter Bakonyi, Nándor Nemestóthy, Gopalakrishnan Kumar
Excess consumption of energy by humans is compounded by environmental pollution, the greenhouse effect and climate change impacts. Current developments in the use of algae for bioenergy production offer several advantages. Algal biomass is hence considered a new bio-material which holds the promise to fulfil the rising demand for energy. Microalgae are used in effluents treatment, bioenergy production, high value added products synthesis and CO2 capture. This review summarizes the potential applications of algae in bioelectrochemically mediated oxidation reactions in fully biotic microbial fuel cells for power generation and removal of unwanted nutrients...
February 27, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278783/nitrogen-removal-and-electricity-production-at-a-double-chamber-microbial-fuel-cell-with-cathode-nitrite-denitrification
#14
Yangyang Yu, Jianqiang Zhao, Sha Wang, Huimin Zhao, Xiaoqian Ding, Kun Gao
Double-chamber microbial fuel cell was applied to investigate the performance of the electricity production and nitrite denitrification through feeding nitrite into the cathode. Factors influencing denitrification performance and power production, such as external resistance, influent nitrite concentration and Nitrite Oxygen Bacteria inhibitors, were studied. The results show that when the concentration of nitrite nitrogen and external resistance were 100 mg L(-1) and 10 Ω, respectively, the nitrite denitrification reached the best state...
February 17, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241072/internal-nitrogen-removal-from-sediments-by-the-hybrid-system-of-microbial-fuel-cells-and-submerged-aquatic-plants
#15
Peng Xu, En-Rong Xiao, Dan Xu, Yin Zhou, Feng He, Bi-Yun Liu, Lei Zeng, Zhen-Bin Wu
Sediment internal nitrogen release is a significant pollution source in the overlying water of aquatic ecosystems. This study aims to remove internal nitrogen in sediment-water microcosms by coupling sediment microbial fuel cells (SMFCs) with submerged aquatic plants. Twelve tanks including four treatments in triplicates were designed: open-circuit (SMFC-o), closed-circuit (SMFC-c), aquatic plants with open-circuit (P-SMFC-o) and aquatic plants with closed-circuit (P-SMFC-c). The changes in the bio-electrochemical characteristics of the nitrogen levels in overlying water, pore water, sediments, and aquatic plants were documented to explain the migration and transformation pathways of internal nitrogen...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235737/integrated-electrochemical-treatment-systems-for-facilitating-the-bioremediation-of-oil-spill-contaminated-soil
#16
Ying Cheng, Liang Wang, Vilma Faustorilla, Mallavarapu Megharaj, Ravi Naidu, Zuliang Chen
Bioremediation plays an important role in oil spill management and bio-electrochemical treatment systems are supposed to represent a new technology for both effective remediation and energy recovery. Diesel removal rate increased by four times in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) since the electrode served as an electron acceptor, and high power density (29.05 W m(-3)) at current density 72.38 A m(-3) was achieved using diesel (v/v 1%) as the sole substrate. As revealed by Scanning electron microscope images, carbon fibres in the anode electrode were covered with biofilm and the bacterial colloids which build the link between carbon fibres and enhance electron transmission...
May 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218405/electricity-generation-by-pyrococcus-furiosus-in-microbial-fuel-cells-operated-at-90-%C3%A2-c
#17
Narendran Sekar, Chang-Hao Wu, Michael W W Adams, Ramaraja P Ramasamy
Hyperthermophiles are microorganisms that thrive in extremely hot environments with temperatures near and even above 100 (°) C. They are the most deeply rooted microorganisms on phylogenetic trees suggesting they may have evolved to survive in the early hostile earth. The simple respiratory systems of some of these hyperthermophiles made them potential candidates to develop microbial fuel cells (MFC) that can generate power at temperatures approaching the boiling point. We explored extracellular electron transfer ability of a hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus (Pf) by studying its ability to generate electricity in a two-chamber MFC...
February 20, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212344/green-microwave-assisted-combustion-synthesis-of-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-with-citrullus-colocynthis-l-schrad-characterization-and-biomedical-applications
#18
Susan Azizi, Rosfarizan Mohamad, Mahnaz Mahdavi Shahri
In this paper, a green microwave-assisted combustion approach to synthesize ZnO-NPs using zinc nitrate and Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad (fruit, seed and pulp) extracts as bio-fuels is reported. The structure, optical, and colloidal properties of the synthesized ZnO-NP samples were studied. Results illustrate that the morphology and particle size of the ZnO samples are different and depend on the bio-fuel. The XRD results revealed that hexagonal wurtzite ZnO-NPs with mean particle size of 27-85 nm were produced by different bio-fuels...
February 16, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211932/nanostructured-material-based-biofuel-cells-recent-advances-and-future-prospects
#19
REVIEW
Cui-E Zhao, Panpan Gai, Rongbin Song, Ying Chen, Jianrong Zhang, Jun-Jie Zhu
During the past decade, biofuel cells (BFCs) have emerged as an emerging technology on account of their ability to directly generate electricity from biologically renewable catalysts and fuels. Due to the boost in nanotechnology, significant advances have been accomplished in BFCs. Although it is still challenging to promote the performance of BFCs, adopting nanostructured materials for BFC construction has been extensively proposed as an effective and promising strategy to achieve high energy production. In this review, we presented the major novel nanostructured materials applied for BFCs and highlighted the breakthroughs in this field...
February 17, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194156/integrated-management-strategies-increase-cottonseed-oil-and-protein-production-the-key-role-of-carbohydrate-metabolism
#20
Hongkun Yang, Xinyue Zhang, Binglin Chen, Yali Meng, Youhua Wang, Wenqing Zhao, Zhiguo Zhou
Cottonseed, oil, and protein, as the by-products of cotton production, have the potential to provide commodities to meet the increasing demand of renewable bio-fuels and ruminant feed. An increase in crop yield per unit area requires high-yielding cultivar management with an economic nitrogen (N) rate, an optimal N application schedule, high-yielding plant populations and strong seedlings. Whether the integration of these agronomic practices into a coherent management system can increase the productivity of cotton fiber, embryo oil and protein requires experimental elucidation...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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