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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781245/relationship-between-effortful-control-and-facets-of-mindfulness-in-meditators-non-meditators-and-individuals-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#1
Miquel Tortella-Feliu, Joaquim Soler, Leonard Burns, Ausiàs Cebolla, Matilde Elices, Juan C Pascual, Yolanda López Del Hoyo, Rosa Baños, Javier García-Campayo
As dimensions of effortful control (EC), activation control, attentional control, and inhibitory control could mediate the relationship between mindfulness meditation practice and the facets of mindfulness (i.e., observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-judging and non-reacting to inner experience). In this study, we tested whether participant status: meditators (n = 330), healthy non-meditators (n = 254) and individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) diagnosis (n = 46) predicted the facets of mindfulness and if these potential effects were mediated through the three effortful control (EC) dimensions (activation, attentional and inhibitory control)...
May 20, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780194/ultrasound-assisted-emerging-technologies-for-chemical-processes
#2
Anton A Kiss, Rob Geertman, Matthias Wierschem, Mirko Skiborowski, Bjorn Gielen, Jeroen Jordens, Jinu J John, Tom Van Gerven
The chemical industry has witnessed many important developments during past decades largely enabled by process intensification techniques. Some of them are already proven at commercial scale (e.g. reactive distillation) while others (e.g. ultrasound-assisted extraction/crystallization/reaction) are on their way to becoming the next-generation technologies. This article focuses on the advances of ultrasound (US)-assisted technologies that could lead in the near future to significant improvements in commercial activities...
May 2018: Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777520/relationship-of-eating-patterns-and-metabolic-parameters-and-teneligliptin-treatment-interim-results-from-post-marketing-surveillance-in-japanese-type-2-diabetes-patients
#3
Takashi Kadowaki, Masakazu Haneda, Hiroshi Ito, Kazuyo Sasaki, Sonoe Hiraide, Miyuki Matsukawa, Makoto Ueno
INTRODUCTION: Healthy eating is a critical aspect of the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Disrupted eating patterns can result in poor glucose control and increase the likelihood of diabetic complications. Teneligliptin inhibits dipeptidyl peptidase-4 activity for 24 h and suppresses postprandial hyperglycemia after all three daily meals. This interim analysis of data from the large-scale post-marketing surveillance of teneligliptin (RUBY) in Japan examined eating patterns and their relationship with metabolic parameters and diabetic complications...
May 17, 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773202/impaired-short-term-plasticity-in-restless-legs-syndrome-a-pilot-rtms-study
#4
Giuseppe Lanza, Bartolo Lanuzza, Debora Aricò, Mariagiovanna Cantone, Filomena Irene Ilaria Cosentino, Rita Bella, Giovanni Pennisi, Raffaele Ferri, Manuela Pennisi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed an impairment of the LTP-like plasticity to TMS in restless legs syndrome (RLS). Clinically, repetitive TMS (rTMS) was effective in alleviating the sensory-motor complaints of patients, although the effects induced by low-frequency (inhibitory) rTMS have not yet been investigated. An impaired LTD-like mechanism of cortical plasticity has been hypothesized, which we have directly assessed in this pilot study. METHODS: Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) from the right first dorsal interosseus muscle were recorded at the stimulus intensity of 110% of the resting motor threshold (rMT) from 13 right-handed patients and ten age-matched right-handed healthy controls...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772696/the-effect-of-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-with-and-without-instillation-on-mature-biofilms-in-vitro
#5
Shamaila Tahir, Matthew Malone, Honghua Hu, Anand Deva, Karen Vickery
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) with and without instillation (NPWTi) on in vitro mature biofilm. METHODS: Mature biofilms of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus were grown under shear (130 rpm) on polycarbonate coupons in a CDC biofilm reactor for 3 days. Coupons containing biofilms were placed in a sterile petri dish and sealed using NPWT or NPWTi. Coupons were exposed to treatment for 24 h with NPWT alone or with instillation of: Povidone iodine solution (PVP-I) (10% w / v equivalent to 1% w / v available iodine, BETADINE® , Mundipharma, Singapore), surfactant based antimicrobial solution with polyhexamethylene biguanide (SBPHMB) (Prontosan® , B Braun Medical, Melsungen, Germany), Gentamicin 1 µg/mL (GM) (G1264 Sigma-Aldrich Pty Ltd...
May 16, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770879/no-difference-in-the-graft-shift-between-a-round-and-a-rounded-rectangular-femoral-tunnel-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-an-experimental-study
#6
Yasushi Takata, Junsuke Nakase, Takeshi Oshima, Kengo Shimozaki, Kazuki Asai, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
INTRODUCTION: We developed a novel technique of creating a rounded rectangular femoral bone tunnel for anatomical, single-bundle, autologous hamstring tendon anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Although this tunnel has many advantages, its non-circular shape has raised concerns regarding excessive graft shift within the bone tunnel. This study aimed to compare the graft shift between round and rounded rectangular tunnels using a graft diameter tester for simulating the femoral bone tunnel...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770484/inter-method-reproducibility-of-biexponential-r-2-mr-relaxometry-for-estimation-of-liver-iron-concentration
#7
Ali Pirasteh, Qing Yuan, Diego Hernando, Scott B Reeder, Ivan Pedrosa, Takeshi Yokoo
PURPOSE: To assess the reproducibility of biexponential R2 -relaxometry MRI for estimation of liver iron concentration (LIC) between proprietary and nonproprietary analysis methods. METHODS: This single-center retrospective study, approved by investigational review board and compliant with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, included 40 liver MRI exams in 38 subjects with suspected or known iron overload. From spin-echo images of the liver, acquired at 5 different echo times (TE = 6-18 ms), biexponential R2 maps were calculated using 1 proprietary (FerriScan, Resonance Health Ltd...
May 16, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766842/continuous-low-dose-antibiotic-prophylaxis-to-prevent-urinary-tract-infection-in-adults-who-perform-clean-intermittent-self-catheterisation-the-antic-rct
#8
Robert Pickard, Thomas Chadwick, Yemi Oluboyede, Catherine Brennand, Alexander von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Doreen McClurg, Jennifer Wilkinson, Laura Ternent, Holly Fisher, Katherine Walton, Elaine McColl, Luke Vale, Ruth Wood, Mohamed Abdel-Fattah, Paul Hilton, Mandy Fader, Simon Harrison, James Larcombe, Paul Little, Anthony Timoney, James N'Dow, Heather Armstrong, Nicola Morris, Kerry Walker, Nikesh Thiruchelvam
BACKGROUND: People carrying out clean intermittent self-catheterisation (CISC) to empty their bladder often suffer repeated urinary tract infections (UTIs). Continuous once-daily, low-dose antibiotic treatment (antibiotic prophylaxis) is commonly advised but knowledge of its effectiveness is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the benefit, harms and cost-effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent UTIs in people who perform CISC. DESIGN: Parallel-group, open-label, patient-randomised 12-month trial of allocated intervention with 3-monthly follow-up...
May 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765480/effect-of-spike-timing-dependent-plasticity-on-stochastic-burst-synchronization-in-a-scale-free-neuronal-network
#9
Sang-Yoon Kim, Woochang Lim
We consider an excitatory population of subthreshold Izhikevich neurons which cannot fire spontaneously without noise. As the coupling strength passes a threshold, individual neurons exhibit noise-induced burstings. This neuronal population has adaptive dynamic synaptic strengths governed by the spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP). However, STDP was not considered in previous works on stochastic burst synchronization (SBS) between noise-induced burstings of sub-threshold neurons. Here, we study the effect of additive STDP on SBS by varying the noise intensity D in the Barabási-Albert scale-free network (SFN)...
June 2018: Cognitive Neurodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764883/comparison-of-indoor-temperatures-of-homes-with-recommended-temperatures-and-effects-of-disability-and-age-an-observational-cross-sectional-study
#10
Gesche M Huebner, Ian Hamilton, Zaid Chalabi, David Shipworth, Tadj Oreszczyn
OBJECTIVES: We examine if temperatures in winter in English homes meet the recommendation of being at least 18°C at all times. We analyse how many days meet this criterion and calculate the hours per day and night being at/above 18°C. These metrics are compared between households with occupants aged above 64 years or having a long-term disability (LTD) and those younger and without disability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational. SETTING: England...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763362/fracture-strength-and-precision-of-fit-of-implant-retained-monolithic-zirconia-crowns
#11
Pauliina Moilanen, Jenni Hjerppe, Lippo Lassila, Timo Närhi
OBJECTIVES: To examine fracture strength and precision of fit of screw-retained anterior monolithic zirconia crowns made directly on implants or by cementing on prefabricated titanium bases, and to compare these to industrially produced Procera crowns. . MATERIALS AND METHODS: Monolithic screw-retained implant crowns were produced by CAD/CAM method (Zirkonzahn, Italy) using either partially (PSZ, Prettau, Zirconzahn, Italy) or fully stabilized (FSZ, Prettau Anterior, Zirkonzahn) zirconia...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761367/in-vivo-pharmacokinetics-of-bromfenac-ophthalmic-solution-0-075-bromfenac-ophthalmic-solution-0-07-and-nepafenac-amfenac-ophthalmic-suspension-0-3-in-rabbits
#12
John D Sheppard, Paul C Cockrum, Angela Justice, Mark C Jasek
INTRODUCTION: Little is known of the ocular distribution characteristics of currently branded non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the United States. This study was designed to predict the ocular bioavailability characteristics in humans using Dutch Belted rabbits as a surrogate. Commercially available, topically-applied NSAIDs containing bromfenac or nepafenac/amfenac were evaluated. METHODS: 126 healthy adult Dutch Belted rabbits were randomly assigned to three treatment cohorts (BromSite® twice daily [BID] in the right eye, BromSite® once daily [QD] in the right eye, Prolensa® QD in the right eye and Ilevro™ QD in the left eye) and 7 post-dosing time points (0...
May 14, 2018: Ophthalmology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761329/bactericidal-and-virucidal-activity-of-povidone-iodine-and-chlorhexidine-gluconate-cleansers-in-an-in-vivo-hand-hygiene-clinical-simulation-study
#13
Maren Eggers, Torsten Koburger-Janssen, Lois S Ward, Craig Newby, Stefan Müller
INTRODUCTION: Standard in vitro and in vivo tests help demonstrate efficacy of hand hygiene products; however, there is no standard in vivo test method for viruses. We investigated the bactericidal and virucidal efficacy of povidone-iodine (PVP-I) 7.5% scalp and skin cleanser, chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) 4% hand cleanser and the reference hand wash (soft soap) in 15 healthy volunteers following European Standard EN1499 (hygienic hand wash test method for bacteria), which was adapted for virucidal testing...
May 14, 2018: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760657/purkinje-cell-signaling-deficits-in-animal-models-of-ataxia
#14
REVIEW
Eriola Hoxha, Ilaria Balbo, Maria Concetta Miniaci, Filippo Tempia
Purkinje cell (PC) dysfunction or degeneration is the most frequent finding in animal models with ataxic symptoms. Mutations affecting intrinsic membrane properties can lead to ataxia by altering the firing rate of PCs or their firing pattern. However, the relationship between specific firing alterations and motor symptoms is not yet clear, and in some cases PC dysfunction precedes the onset of ataxic signs. Moreover, a great variety of ionic and synaptic mechanisms can affect PC signaling, resulting in different features of motor dysfunction...
2018: Frontiers in Synaptic Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752705/risk-associated-with-cumulative-oral-glucocorticoid-use-in-patients-with-giant-cell-arteritis-in-real-world-databases-from-the-usa-and-uk
#15
Sara Gale, Jessica C Wilson, Jenny Chia, Huong Trinh, Katie Tuckwell, Neil Collinson, Sophie Dimonaco, Susan Jick, Christoph Meier, Shalini V Mohan, Khaled Sarsour
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of giant cell arteritis (GCA) involves immediate initiation of high-dose glucocorticoid therapy with slow tapering of the dose over many months. Chronic exposure to glucocorticoids is associated with serious comorbidities. The objective of this analysis was to determine the glucocorticoid exposure and risk of glucocorticoid-related adverse events (AEs) in real-world patients with GCA. METHODS: Data from the Truven Healthcare MarketScan® database (from January 1, 2000, to June 30, 2015) and the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD; from January 1, 1995, to August 31, 2013) were used to retrospectively analyze patients aged ≥ 50 years with GCA in the USA and UK, respectively...
May 11, 2018: Rheumatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749701/the-relationship-of-renal-function-to-segmental-vascular-stiffness-ankle-brachial-index-and-peripheral-artery-disease
#16
Yueh-Hung Lin, Kuo-Tzu Sung, Cheng-Ting Tsai, Pei-Chen Wu, Yau-Huei Lai, Chi-In Lo, Fa-Chang Yu, Hsu-Ping Wu, Wei-Ran Lan, Jen-Yuan Kuo, Charles Jia-Yin Hou, Chi-Hsuan Yen, Ming-Cheng Peng, Ta-Chuan Hung, Chung-Lieh Hung, Edward Lai, Hung-I Yeh
The authors consecutively assessed various arterial pulse-wave velocity (PWV) indices and ankle-brachial index (ABI) by an automatic device (VP2000, OMRON Health Care Co. Ltd., Kyota, Japan) in outpatients with ≥ 1 cardiovascular risk. PAD was defined as ABI ≤ 0.9. Among 2309 outpatients (mean age 62.4 years), worse renal function was associated with higher brachial-ankle PWV, heart-carotid PWV, heart-femoral PWV (hf-PWV), and lower ABI (all P < .001). Multivariate regression models showed independent associations between lower eGFR, lower ABI (Coef: 0...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747366/-a-multicenter-study-of-the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-toric-intraocular-lens-implantation
#17
X D Song, Y S Hao, Y Z Bao, Z H Li, H Zhang, A Y Yu, M S Zhao, Y S Huang, J Fang, Y Liu, N L Wang
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Proming(®)Toric intraocular lens (IOL) in adults with cataract combined with corneal regular astigmatism. Methods: Multicentre, randomized, open and positive parallel controlled clinical study. A total of 121 patients (121 eyes) who had cataract combined with corneal regular astigmatism and met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in 9 hospitals from May 2014 to May 2016. There were 45 males and 76 females and the median age was 71 (42-88) years old. A total of 121 patients (121 eyes) were randomly assigned to the study group and the control group through the Central Randomization System...
May 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744822/study-protocol-for-the-initial-choice-of-dpp-4-inhibitor-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-effect-of-linagliptin-on-qol-intel-qol-trial
#18
Tomoya Mita, Toru Hiyoshi, Hidenori Yoshii, Hiroko Chimori, Kazuo Ikeda, Junko Sato, Hirotaka Watada
INTRODUCTION: Consideration of treatment-related quality of life (QOL) is important in diabetes management. However, no studies have compared the influence of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors versus metformin on treatment-related QOL when used as first-line therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This study is a prospective, randomized, open-label, multicenter, parallel-group, comparative study. Between June 2016 and December 2017, 44 participants who failed to achieve glycemic control despite diet and exercise therapy were recruited at 14 clinics and randomly allocated to linagliptin or metformin therapy...
May 9, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740929/retraction-gonad-histology-and-serum-11-kt-profile-during-the-annual-reproductive-cycle-in-sterlet-sturgeon-adult-males-acipenser-ruthenus
#19
(no author information available yet)
The below article, published online on Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) on 21st January 2017, has been retracted by agreement between the submitting author, Amin Golpour, the Editor-in-Chief, Heriberto Rodriguez-Martinez, and Blackwell Verlag GmbH. After a thorough investigation by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and the Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, there is strong evidence to indicate that the peer review of this paper was compromised...
June 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740398/neurosteroids-in-adult-hippocampus-of-male-and-female-rodents-biosynthesis-and-actions-of-sex-steroids
#20
REVIEW
Yasushi Hojo, Suguru Kawato
The brain is not only the target of steroid hormones but also is able to locally synthesize steroids de novo . Evidence of the local production of steroids in the brain has been accumulating in various vertebrates, including teleost fish, amphibia, birds, rodents, non-human primates, and humans. In this review, we mainly focus on the local production of sex steroids in the hippocampal neurons of adult rodents (rats and mice), a center for learning and memory. From the data of the hippocampus of adult male rats, hippocampal principal neurons [pyramidal cells in CA1-CA3 and granule cells in dentate gyrus (DG)] have a complete system for biosynthesis of sex steroids...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
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