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Nitrosative stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201757/oxidative-and-nitrosative-stress-defences-of-helicobacter-and-campylobacter-species-that-counteract-mammalian-immunity
#1
Annika Flint, Alain Stintzi, Lígia M Saraiva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199186/potential-of-redox-therapies-in-neurodegenerative-disorders
#2
Elzbieta Miller, Lukasz Markiewicz, Jacek Kabzinski, Dominik Odrobina, Ireneusz Majsterek
Recently significant advances have been made to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms of neurodegenerative disorders to provide real therapeutic benefits. There is evidence that persistent inflammation and oxidative stress are the crucial factors of ongoing cell damage in neurodegenerative complex etiology. The variety of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species are the cause of both axonal and neuronal destruction, which is pathological hallmark of neurodegeneration. Therefore, the reduction of oxidative stress is currently one of the main neuroprotective strategies...
March 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171220/prevention-of-nitrosative-stress-by-a-nutritional-supplement-lavita%C3%A2-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial-with-healthy-volunteers
#3
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: A common pathomechanism involved in many degenerative manifestations of non-communicable diseases is nitrosative stress, giving rise to a chronic insidious inflammation causing silent inflammation at a cellular level. The release of nitric oxide inhibits multiple enzyme reactions with reduced oxidative phosphorylation and mitochondrial ATP depletion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We hypothesized that enzyme-inhibition can be alleviated by micronutrient supply, and studied laboratory parameters associated with nitrosative stress (nitrotyrosine, mitochondrial activity) after a micronutrient supplementation (a multivitamin mineral and trace element formulation as verum: LaVita®) and a placebo in healthy volunteers (n=150) for six months...
October 8, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166954/impacts-of-dose-and-time-of-boldenone-and-stanazolol-exposure-in-inflammatory-markers-oxidative-and-nitrosative-stress-and-histopathological-changes-in-the-rat-testes
#4
Andressa Bueno, Fabiano B Carvalho, Jessié M Gutierres, Cibele L Lhamas, Indiara Brusco, Sara M Oliveira, Marta G Amaral, Guilherme Dorneles, Juliana Sorraila, Marta M Duarte, Cinthia M de Andrade
The present study was conducted to analyze the adverse effects of the anabolic steroids boldenone (BOL) and stanazolol (ST) in the reproductive function of male rats. These molecules were administered using three different protocols. In Protocol I, BOL and ST were administered in a higher dose than what is recommended but for a short period. In Protocol II, a moderate dose of these compounds was applied for an intermediate period, whereas in Protocol III a reduced dose was administered but for an extended period...
March 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159936/nitration-of-tyrosines-in-complement-factor-h-domains-alters-its-immunological-activity-and-mediates-a-pathogenic-role-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#5
Matthew Krilis, Miao Qi, Michele C Madigan, Jason W H Wong, Mahmoud Abdelatti, Robyn H Guymer, John Whitelock, Peter McCluskey, Peng Zhang, Jian Qi, Alex P Hunyor, Steven A Krilis, Bill Giannakopoulos
Nitrosative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of age related macular degeneration (AMD). Tyrosine nitration is a unique type of post translational modification that occurs in the setting of inflammation and nitrosative stress. To date, the significance and functional implications of tyrosine nitration of complement factor H (CFH), a key complement regulator in the eye has not been explored, and is examined in this study in the context of AMD pathogenesis.Sections of eyes from deceased individuals with AMD (n = 5) demonstrated the presence of immunoreactive nitrotyrosine CFH...
February 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157297/identifying-functional-cysteine-residues-in-the-mitochondria
#6
Daniel W Bak, Mattia D Pizzagalli, Eranthie Weerapana
The mitochondria are dynamic organelles that regulate oxidative metabolism and mediate cellular redox homeostasis. Proteins within the mitochondria are exposed to large fluxes in the surrounding redox environment. In particular, cysteine residues within mitochondrial proteins sense and respond to these redox changes through oxidative modifications of the cysteine thiol group. These oxidative modifications result in a loss in cysteine reactivity, which can be monitored using cysteine-reactive chemical probes and quantitative mass spectrometry (MS)...
February 15, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155616/crosstalk-between-oxidative-and-nitrosative-stress-and-arterial-stiffness
#7
Ioana Mozos, Constantin Tudor Luca
Arterial stiffness, the expression of reduced arterial elasticity, is an effective predictor of cardiovascular disorders. Oxidative stress is an imbalance between exposure to toxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidant systems. The increase in reactive nitrogen species (RNS) is termed nitrosative stress. We review the main mechanisms and products linking arterial stiffness with oxidative and nitrosative stress in several disorders, focusing on recent experimental and clinical data, and the mechanisms explaining benefits of antioxidant therapy...
February 1, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134069/nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-is-more-effective-than-anti-oxidant-therapy-in-counteracting-oxidative-nitrosative-stress-and-heart-disease-in-t-cruzi-infected-mice
#8
Rômulo D Novaes, Eliziária C Santos, Maria DO Carmo Q Fialho, Wagner G Gonçalves, Priscila L Sequetto, André Talvani, Reggiani V Gonçalves
We compared the relevance of ibuprofen, vitamins C and E to control oxidative/nitrosative stress and heart disease in mice infected by Trypanosoma cruzi. Swiss mice were randomized into five groups: control, uninfected; infected without treatment; and infected treated with vitamins C, E or ibuprofen. Animals were inoculated with 2000 trypomastigote forms of T. cruzi. After 20 days, infected mice presented reduced vitamin C and E tissue levels, high cytokines (interferon gamma, tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin 10 and chemokine ligand 2), prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α ) and nitric oxide (NO) cardiac production, intense myocarditis and reactive tissue damage, which was directly correlated with the intensity of the inflammatory infiltrate and the degree of pathological cardiac remodelling...
January 30, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131027/development-of-a-new-hplc-based-method-for-3-nitrotyrosine-quantification-in-different-biological-matrices
#9
Dulce Teixeira, Cristina Prudêncio, Mónica Vieira
BACKGROUND: The nitration of tyrosine residues in proteins is associated with nitrosative stress, resulting in the formation of 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT).(1) 3-NT levels in biological samples have been associated with numerous physiological and pathological conditions. Hence several attempts have been made in order to develop methods that accurately quantify 3-NT in these matrices. The aim of this study was to develop a simple, rapid, low-cost and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-based 3-NT quantification method...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130308/the-endocannabinoid-system-no-longer-anonymous-in-the-control-of-nitrergic-signalling
#10
REVIEW
Christopher Lipina, Harinder S Hundal
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a key cellular signalling system that has been implicated in the regulation of diverse cellular functions. Importantly, growing evidence suggests that the biological actions of the ECS may, in part, be mediated through its ability to regulate the production and/or release of nitric oxide, a ubiquitous bioactive molecule, which functions as a versatile signalling intermediate. Herein, we review and discuss evidence pertaining to ECS-mediated regulation of nitric oxide production, as well as the involvement of reactive nitrogen species in regulating ECS-induced signal transduction by highlighting emerging work supporting nitrergic modulation of ECS function...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126494/metallothionein-protects-against-isoniazid-induced-liver-injury-through-the-inhibition-of-cyp2e1-dependent-oxidative-and-nitrosative-impairment-in-mice
#11
Yong Lian, Jing Zhao, Yi-Mei Wang, Jun Zhao, Shuang-Qing Peng
Oxidative stress mediated by hepatic CYP2E1 during isoniazid (INH) metabolism is considered responsible for INH hepatotoxicity. This study attempts to determine whether metallothionein (MT), a cysteine-rich antioxidant can protect against INH-induced liver injury by using a MT-I/II deficient mouse model (MT-/- mice). MT-/- mice and the corresponding wild-type mice received intragastric administrations of 0, 75, 150 and 300 mg/kg of INH for 15 days. The results showed that 150 and 300 mg/kg of INH induced liver injury in both types of mice, as evidenced by increased liver index and histopathological change of liver vacuolar degeneration...
January 23, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116826/mechanistic-perspective-of-the-oxido-immunopathologic-resolution-property-of-kolaviron-in-mice-influenza-pneumonitis
#12
Ifeoluwa O Awogbindin, David O Olaleye, Ebenezer O Farombi
Implicated in influenza-associated pathology are innate defence overzealousness and unabated secretion of oxidative tissue-sensitive antimicrobial agents. At different time points, mice were pre-treated with kolaviron (400 mg/kg), a natural antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent, and subsequently challenged with 2 LD50 influenza A/H3N2/Perth/16/09 virus. After euthanasia at day 6, blood, lungs, liver and spleen were collected and processed for biochemical, immunohistochemical and flow cytometric assessment of redo-inflammatory imbalance, cytokine storm indices and T helper 1 host response...
January 23, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116577/mechanisms-explaining-muscle-fatigue-and-muscle-pain-in-patients-with-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-me-cfs-a-review-of-recent-findings
#13
REVIEW
Morris Gerwyn, Michael Maes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Here, we review potential causes of muscle dysfunction seen in many patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) such as the effects of oxidative and nitrosative stress (O&NS) and mitochondrial impairments together with reduced heat shock protein production and a range of metabolic abnormalities. RECENT FINDINGS: Several studies published in the last few years have highlighted the existence of chronic O&NS, inflammation, impaired mitochondrial function and reduced heat shock protein production in many patients with ME/CFS...
January 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111973/efficacy-of-crocin-and-safranal-as-protective-agents-against-genotoxic-stress-induced-by-gamma-radiation-urethane-and-procarbazine-in-mice
#14
A Koul, S K Abraham
Crocin (CRO) and safranal (SAF) are bioactive constituents of saffron (dried stigma of Crocus sativus flower), an expensive spice with medicinal properties. Aqueous extract of saffron is known for its antigenotoxic effect against environmental genotoxins/carcinogens. However, there is need to identify saffron constituents responsible for this antigenotoxic effect. The aim of our investigation was to ascertain the role of CRO and SAF as inhibitors of in vivo genotoxic stress. For this purpose, Swiss albino mice were pretreated with CRO (50-mg/kg body weight (bw))/SAF (0...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110436/contribution-of-inducible-and-neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthases-to-mitochondrial-damage-and-melatonin-rescue-in-lps-treated-mice
#15
José Antonio García, Francisco Ortiz, Javier Miana, Carolina Doerrier, Marisol Fernández-Ortiz, Iryna Rusanova, Germaine Escames, José Joaquín García, Darío Acuña-Castroviejo
NOS isoform activation is related to liver failure during sepsis, but the mechanisms driving mitochondrial impairment remain unclear. We induced sepsis by LPS administration to inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS(-/-)) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS(-/-)) mice and their respective wild-type controls to examine the contribution of iNOS to mitochondrial failure in the absence of nNOS. To achieve this goal, the determination of messenger RNA (mRNA) expression and protein content of iNOS in cytosol and mitochondria, the mitochondrial respiratory complex content, and the levels of nitrosative and oxidative stress (by measuring 3-nitrotyrosine residues and carbonyl groups, respectively) were examined in the liver of control and septic mice...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109528/specific-enrichment-of-a-targeted-nitrotyrosine-containing-peptide-from-complex-matrices-and-relative-quantification-for-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-analysis
#16
Yun Yang
Protein tyrosine nitration is considered an important non-enzymatic post-translational modification. In the tyrosine nitration process, 3-nitrotyrosine is formed and recognized as a biomarker of nitrosative/nitrative stress implicated in inflammatory responses and age-related disorders. In view of the complexity of biological samples and the ultra-low abundance of protein-incorporated nitrotyrosine, selective enrichment of nitrotyrosine-containing peptides prior to chromatographic separation is crucial. Herein, I report a simple yet highly specific and efficient enrichment method for nitrotyrosine-containing peptides...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104448/metformin-and-low-dose-radiation-modulates-cisplatin-induced-oxidative-injury-in-rat-via-ppar-%C3%AE-and-mapk-pathways
#17
Heba H Mansour, Shereen M El Kiki, Shereen M Galal
: Cisplatin (CIS) is a chemotherapeutic agent used for therapy of many tumors and has been limited by its toxicity. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor-kappa B(NFkB) in the pathogenesis of hepatic damage induced by CIS, and investigated the modulatory effect of metformin (MET) and/or low dose gamma radiation (LDR) on CIS-induced hepatotoxicity in rats...
January 16, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101460/captopril-and-valsartan-may-improve-cognitive-function-through-potentiation-of-the-brain-antioxidant-defense-system-and-attenuation-of-oxidative-nitrosative-damage-in-stz-induced-dementia-in-rat
#18
Yasaman Arjmand Abbassi, Mohammad Taghi Mohammadi, Mahsa Sarami Foroshani, Javad Raouf Sarshoori
Purpose: Previous findings have shown the crucial roles of brain renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Since RAS inhibitors may have beneficial effects on dementia and cognitive function in elderly people, the aim of present study was to examine the neuroprotective actions of captopril and valsartan on memory function and neuronal damage in experimental model of AD. Methods: Adult forty male Wistar rats (220-280g) were randomly divided into 5 groups; Control, Vehicle, Alzheimer and treatment groups...
December 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100487/doxorubicin-induced-nitrosative-stress-is-mitigated-by-vitamin-c-via-the-modulation-of-nitric-oxide-synthases
#19
Gauri Akolkar, Ashim K Bagchi, Prathapan Ayyappan, Davinder S Jassal, Pawan K Singal
An increase in oxidative stress is suggested to be the main cause in Doxorubicin (Dox) -induced cardiotoxicity. However, there is now evidence that activation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and nitrosative stress are also involved. The role of Vitamin C (Vit C) in the regulation of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and reduction of nitrosative stress in Dox-induced cardiotoxicity is unknown. The present study investigated the effects of Vit C in the mitigation of Dox-induced changes in the levels of nitric oxide (NO), NOS activity, protein expression of NOS isoforms and nitrosative stress as well as cytokines TNFα and IL-10 in isolated cardiomyocytes...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099126/aminoguanidine-pretreatment-prevents-methotrexate-induced-small-intestinal-injury-in-the-rat-by-attenuating-nitrosative-stress-and-restoring-the-activities-of-vital-mitochondrial-enzymes
#20
Kasthuri Natarajan, Premila Abraham, Rekha Kota, Dhayakani Selvakumar
BACKGROUND: One of the major toxic side effects of methotrexate (MTX) is enterocolitis, for which there is no efficient standard treatment. Nitric oxide overproduction has been reported to play an important role in MTX-induced mucositis. This study was designed to investigate whether pretreatment with aminoguanidine (AG) - a selective iNOS inhibitor - prevents MTX-induced mucositis in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were pretreated with AG (30 and 50 mg/kg body weight) i...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
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