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Nitrosative stress

Hugo P Monteiro, Fernando T Ogata, Arnold Stern
Accumulating mutations may drive cells into the acquisition of abnormal phenotypes that are characteristic of cancer cells. Cancer cells feature profound alterations in proliferation programs that result in a new population of cells that overrides normal tissue construction and maintenance programs. To achieve this goal, cancer cells are endowed with up regulated survival signaling pathways. They also must counteract the cytotoxic effects of high levels of nitric oxide (NO) and of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are by products of cancer cell growth...
August 2017: Biomedical Journal
Ahmed O Abdel-Zaher, Hanan S M Farghaly, Abeer E M El-Refaiy, Ahmed M Abd-Eldayem
The potential protective role of the standardized leaf extract of ginkgo biloba (EGb761) on hypertension with hypercholesterolemia-induced renal injury was investigated in rats. Hypertension was induced by L-N(G)-nitroarginine methyl ester (L-NAME) and hypercholesterolemia was induced by feeding rats with a diet containing 1% cholesterol. In these animals repeated treatment with EGb761 produced a progressive reduction in the systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure (BP). EGb761 increased the progressive reduction in the systolic, diastolic and mean arterial BP induced by repeated administration of losartan with simvastatin...
September 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Daniel P Miller, Justin A Hutcherson, Yan Wang, Zuzanna M Nowakowska, Jan Potempa, Deborah R Yoder-Himes, David A Scott, Marvin Whiteley, Richard J Lamont
Porphyromonas gingivalis is an important cause of serious periodontal diseases, and is emerging as a pathogen in several systemic conditions including some forms of cancer. Initial colonization by P. gingivalis involves interaction with gingival epithelial cells, and the organism can also access host tissues and spread haematogenously. To better understand the mechanisms underlying these properties, we utilized a highly saturated transposon insertion library of P. gingivalis, and assessed the fitness of mutants during epithelial cell colonization and survival in a murine abscess model by high-throughput sequencing (Tn-Seq)...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Patrícia Gonçalves Santiago, Francielly Mourão Gasparotto, Karimi Sater Gebara, Flavia Barbieri Bacha, Francislaine Aparecida Dos Reis Lívero, Maria Angélica Strapazon, Euclides Lara Cardozo Junior, Cândida Aparecida Leite Kassuya, Lauro Mera de Souza, Arquimedes Gasparotto Junior
BACKGROUND: Ilex paraguariensis A. St. Hil. var. paraguariensis (Aquifoliaceae) popularly known as 'mate' is an important species native to South America. Despite numerous studies showing significant antioxidant and lipid lowering properties, the antiatherosclerotic mechanisms of this species remain unknown. PURPOSE: To evaluate the possible antiatherosclerotic effects of a butanolic fraction (n-BFIP) obtained from I. paraguariensis and to investigate the molecular mechanisms involved in this activity...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Sundar Kumar Kondru, Ajay Godwin Potnuri, Lingesh Allakonda, Prasad Konduri
Doxorubicin (DOX), an anthracycline-based antibiotic, is regularly used in the management of carcinomas, and haematological malignancies have been downplayed in chemotherapy because of its ability to induce dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Dexrazoxane is approved to combat the cardiotoxicity, but limited by its adverse effects. Redox imbalance and reactive oxygen species generation plays major role in DOX-induced cardiotoxicity. Histamine, known to mediate various cardiovascular effects, but nevertheless the role of histamine or its receptors in DOX-induced DCM is remained obscure...
September 8, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Brian Lukaszewicz, Eliza McColl, Janet Yee, Steven Rafferty, Manon Couture
Flavohemoglobins are microbial enzymes that counter nitrosative stress, but the details of their underlying enzymatic activities and structure-function relationships are not completely understood. These enzymes have been identified in Gram-negative bacteria, certain fungi, and the parasitic protist Giardia intestinalis (gFlHb) which, despite lacking the ability to make heme, encodes several hemeproteins. To gain knowledge about the biophysical properties of the active site of gFlHb, we used resonance Raman spectroscopy to probe the wild-type protein and variants at globin domain positions E11, E7, and B10 on the distal, ligand-binding side of the heme...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
Cécile Mons, Ioana Ferecatu, Sylvie Riquier, Ewen Lescop, Cécile Bouton, Marie-Pierre Golinelli-Cohen
MitoNEET is the first identified Fe-S protein anchored to mammalian outer mitochondrial membranes with the vast majority of the protein polypeptide located in the cytosol, including its [2Fe-2S] cluster-binding domain. The coordination of the cluster is unusual and involves three cysteines and one histidine. MitoNEET is capable of transferring its redox-active Fe-S cluster to a bacterial apo-ferredoxin in vitro even under aerobic conditions, unlike other Fe-S transfer proteins such as ISCU. This specificity suggests its possible involvement in Fe-S repair after oxidative and/or nitrosative stress...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
Arianna Vignini, Laura Nanetti, Francesca Raffaelli, Jacopo Sabbatinelli, Eleonora Salvolini, Veronica Quagliarini, Nelvio Cester, Laura Mazzanti
OBJECTIVE: Olive oil is the main fat source in the Mediterranean diet and shows a protective role against aging and related diseases. Osteoporosis represents a serious health problem worldwide and is associated with an increased risk for fractures and mortality. Nutrition should be part of bone disease prevention strategies, especially in light of the aging population and the effect of diet on bone health. The aim of this study was to investigate whether oral supplementation with extra virgin olive oil (VOO) enriched with vitamins D3, K1, and B6 (VitVOO) is able to modify some physicochemical and functional plasma membrane properties and nitrosative stress markers status...
October 2017: Nutrition
Huma Rizwan, Jagdeep Mohanta, Satyabrata Si, Arttatrana Pal
Hyperglycemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, and directly responsible for exacerbating macrophage activation and atherosclerosis. We showed that gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) reduce the high glucose (HG)-induced atherosclerosis-related complications in macrophages via oxidative-nitrosative stress-regulated inflammation and apoptosis. The effects of AuNPs on oxidative-nitrosative stress markers such as cellular antioxidants were attenuated by HG exposure, leading to reduction in the accumulation of reactive oxygen/nitrogen species in cellular compartments...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Zhuo Ma, Can Wang, Chang Liu, Dong-Ying Yan, Yu Deng, Wei Liu, Tian-Yao Yang, Zhao-Fa Xu, Bin Xu
Overexposure to manganese (Mn) has been known to induce nitrosative stress. The dysregulation of autophagy has implicated in nitric oxide (NO) bioactivity alterations. However, the mechanism of Mn-induced autophagic dysregulation is unclear. The protein of Bcl-2 was considered as a key role that could participate to the autophagy signaling regulation. To further explore whether S-nitrosylation of Bcl-2 involved in Mn-induced autophagy dysregulation, we treated human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells with Mn and pretreated cells with 1400 W, a selective iNOS inhibitor...
August 30, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
Margarida R Parente, Elena Forte, Micol Falabella, Ivo G Boneca, Miguel Teixeira, Alessandro Giuffrè, Lígia M Saraiva
Helicobacter pullorum is an avian bacterium that causes gastroenteritis, intestinal bowel and hepatobiliary diseases in humans. Although H. pullorum has been shown to activate the mammalian innate immunity with release of nitric oxide (NO), the proteins that afford protection against NO and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) remain unknown. Here several protein candidates of H. pullorum, namely a truncated (TrHb) and a single domain haemoglobin (SdHb), and three peroxiredoxin-like proteins (Prx1, Prx2 and Prx3) were investigated...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
Shi-Jie Zhang, Dan Luo, Lin Li, Rui-Rong Tan, Qing-Qing Xu, Jie Qin, Lei Zhu, Na-Chuan Luo, Ting-Ting Xu, Rong Zhang, Lei Yang, Qi Wang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a multifactorial neurodegenerative disorder and there is no effective cure for this devastating disease to date. Bushen Yizhi Formula (BSYZ-F), a Chinese herbal compound, has proved to be effective for AD. In this study, we further investigate the effective part of BSYZ-F, ethyl acetate extract components of BSYZ-F (BSYZ-E), protects scopolamine (SCOP)-induced cognitive impairment, which shows a similar effect to BSYZ-F. We also find that BSYZ-E could protect against SCOP-induced cholinergic system dysfunction...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
Árpád Molnár, Gábor Feigl, Vanda Trifán, Attila Ördög, Réka Szőllősi, László Erdei, Zsuzsanna Kolbert
Selenium phytotoxicity involves processes like reactive nitrogen species overproduction and nitrosative protein modifications. This study evaluates the toxicity of two selenium forms (selenite and selenate at 0µM, 20µM, 50µM and 100µM concentrations) and its correlation with protein tyrosine nitration in the organs of hydroponically grown Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Selenate treatment resulted in large selenium accumulation in both Brassica organs, while selenite showed slight root-to-shoot translocation resulting in a much lower selenium accumulation in the shoot...
August 21, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Lavinia A Carabet, Michel Guertin, Patrick Lagüe, Guillaume Lamoureux
Many globins convert (•)NO to innocuous NO3(-) through their nitric oxide dioxygenase (NOD) activity. Mycobacterium tuberculosis fights the oxidative and nitrosative stress imposed by its host (the toxic effects of O2(•-) and (•)NO species and their OONO(-) and (•)NO2 derivatives) through the action of truncated hemoglobin N (trHbN), which catalyzes the NOD reaction with one of the highest rates among globins. The general NOD mechanism comprises the following steps: binding of O2 to the heme, diffusion of (•)NO into the heme pocket and formation of peroxynitrite (OONO(-)), isomerization of OONO(-), and release of NO3(-)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
S V Lucena, G E D D Moura, T Rodrigues, C M Watashi, F H M Melo, M Y Icimoto, G M Viana, H B Nader, H P Monteiro, I L S Tersariol, F T Ogata
We investigated the role of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in the regulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity in wild-type CHO-K1 cells and in xylosyltransferase-deficient CHO-745 cells. GAGs inhibit the integrin/FAK/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in CHO-K1 cells, decreasing the phosphorylation of eNOS at Ser1177. Furthermore, in CHO-K1 cells, eNOS and PKCα are localized at sphingolipid- and cholesterol-rich domains in the plasma membrane called caveolae. At caveolae, PKCα activation stimulates the phosphorylation of eNOS on Thr495, resulting in further inhibition of NO production in these cells...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Felix M Heidrich, Marcel C Jercke, Anna Ritzkat, Annette Ebner, David M Poitz, Christian Pfluecke, Silvio Quick, Uwe Speiser, Gregor Simonis, Nadine K Wäßnig, Ruth H Strasser, Stephan Wiedemann
BACKGROUND: Following myocardial infarction (MI), apoptosis occurs early in the remote myocardium and contributes to the processes of myocardial remodeling. Increased nitrosative stress is a well-known and potent inductor of myocardial apoptosis. Excess activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) increases its uncoupling potential and results in nitrosative stress via formation of peroxynitrite. However, the pathophysiologic role of eNOS signaling in the remote myocardium after MI is as yet undefined...
August 23, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
Eugenia Belcastro, Caroline Gaucher, Alessandro Corti, Pierre Leroy, Isabelle Lartaud, Alfonso Pompella
Decades of chemical, biochemical and pathophysiological research have established the relevance of post-translational protein modifications induced by processes related to oxidative stress, with critical reflections on cellular signal transduction pathways. A great deal of the socalled 'redox regulation' of cell function is in fact mediated through reactions promoted by reactive oxygen and nitrogen species on more or less specific aminoacid residues in proteins, at various levels within the cell machinery. Modifications involving cysteine residues have received most attention, due to the critical roles they play in determining the structure/function correlates in proteins...
August 28, 2017: Biological Chemistry
Stefania Schiavone, Margherita Neri, Luigia Trabace, Emanuela Turillazzi
Pharmacological interventions for traumatic brain injury (TBI) are limited. Together with parvalbumin (PV) loss, increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by the NADPH oxidase NOX enzymes represents a key step in TBI. Here, we investigated the contribution of NOX2-derived oxidative stress to the loss of PV immunoreactivity associated to TBI, performing immunohistochemistry for NOX2, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8OHdG) and PV on post mortem brain samples of subjects died following TBI, subjects died from spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH) and controls (CTRL)...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
Chiara Milanese, Victor Tapias, Sylvia Gabriels, Silvia Cerri, Giovanna Levandis, Fabio Blandini, Maria Tresini, Sruti Shiva, John Timothy Greenamyre, Mark T Gladwin, Pier G Mastroberardino
AIMS: This study was designed to explore the neuroprotective potential of inorganic nitrite as a new therapeutic avenue in Parkinson's disease (PD). RESULTS: Administration of inorganic nitrite ameliorates neuropathology in phylogenetically distinct animal models of PD. Beneficial effects are not confined to prophylactic treatment and also occur if nitrite is administered when the pathogenic cascade is already active. Mechanistically, the effect is mediated by both complex I S-nitrosation, which under nitrite administration is favored over formation of other forms of oxidation, and down-stream activation of the antioxidant Nrf2 pathway...
September 21, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Jorge E Toblli, Gabriel Cao, Jorge F Giani, Fernando P Dominici, Margarita Angerosa
Iron deficiency anemia is a frequent complication in clinical conditions such as chronic kidney disease, chronic heart failure, inflammatory bowel disease, cancer, and excessive blood loss. Given the ability of iron to catalyze redox reactions, iron therapy can be associated with oxidative stress. The lung is uniquely susceptible to oxidative stress, and little is known about the effects of intravenous iron treatment in this organ. This study characterized changes in markers of oxidative/nitrosative stress and inflammation in the lung of non-iron deficient, non-anemic rats treated with five weekly doses (40 mg iron per kg body weight) of low molecular weight iron dextran (LMWID), iron sucrose (IS), ferric carboxymaltose (FCM), ferumoxytol (FMX), iron isomaltoside 1000 (IIM), or saline (control)...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
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