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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910218/heart-rate-variability-and-occupational-stress-systematic-review
#1
Susanna Järvelin-Pasanen, Sanna Sinikallio, Mika P Tarvainen
The aim of this systematic review was to explore studies regarding association between occupational stress and heart rate variability (HRV) during work. We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cinahl and PsycINFO for peer-reviewed articles published in English between January 2005 and September 2017. A total of 10 articles met the inclusion criteria. The included articles were analyzed in terms of study design, study population, assessment of occupational stress and HRV, and the study limitations. Among the studies there were cross-sectional (n=9) studies and one longitudinal study design...
June 16, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907075/analysis-of-research-on-nurses-job-stress-using-network-analysis
#2
Young-Su Kim, Soo-Kyoung Lee
This study established a network related to nurses' job stress by conducting a social network analysis of titles, keywords, and abstracts, and it identified emerging topics of research. NetMiner 4.0 visualized an interconnection between critical keywords and investigated their frequency of appearance to construe the trends in nurses' job stress measures used in studies conducted over 55 years (1960-2015). Text Rank Analyzer examined a collection of 9,218 keywords from 2,662 studies. The analysis revealed four groups of newly emerging keywords in the research...
June 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906771/academic-stress-and-active-learning-of-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Nicola Magnavita, Carlo Chiorri
BACKGROUND: The active role of nursing students is particularly important in the delivery of health care, since playing an active role at the bedside and the use of active and collaborative engagement of students in the nursing activities has been associated with improved student learning. This is consistent with Karasek's learning hypothesis, but it has never been tested on nursing students. This study aimed at investigating whether nursing students in high control conditions reported lower levels of work impairment than students in the conditions with low control, compared them with a group of healthcare workers (HCWs), and tested the moderating role of social support at work...
June 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906320/linking-interprofessional-work-to-outcomes-for-employees-a-meta-analysis
#4
Sabine Kaiser, Joshua Patras, Monica Martinussen
The aim of this meta-analysis of studies of workers in the health and social care sector was to examine the relationship between interprofessional work and employee outcomes of job stress, autonomy, burnout, engagement, job satisfaction, turnover intention, and perceived service quality, and to examine the influence of different moderators on those relationships. A systematic literature search of the PsycInfo, Embase, Medline, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases was conducted to identify relevant articles...
June 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899804/effects-of-individual-differences-and-job-characteristics-on-the-psychological-health-of-italian-nurses
#5
Maria Clelia Zurlo, Federica Vallone, Andrew P Smith
The Demand Resources and Individual Effects Model (DRIVE Model) is a transactional model that integrates Demands- Control-Support and Effort-Reward Imbalance models emphasising the role of individual (Coping Strategies; Overcommitment) and job characteristics (Job Demands, Social Support, Decision Latitude, Skill Discretion, Effort, Rewards) in the work-related stress process. The present study aimed to test the DRIVE Model in a sample of 450 Italian nurses and to compare findings with those of a study conducted in a sample of UK nurses...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896918/prison-employment-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-risk-and-protective-factors
#6
Lois James, Natalie Todak
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in a sample of prison employees, investigate risk factors, and explore protective factors for PTSD. METHODS: We surveyed 355 Washington State Department of Corrections employees. The survey included the PTSD checklist for the DSM-5 (PCL-5), the Critical Incident History Questionnaire, and the Work Environment Inventory. RESULTS: We found 19% of the sample met the criteria for diagnosable PTSD...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892649/job-strain-in-public-transport-drivers-data-to-assess-the-relationship-between-demand-control-model-indicators-traffic-accidents-and-sanctions
#7
Sergio Useche, Luis Montoro, Boris Cendales, Viviola Gómez
This Data in Brief (DiB) article examines the association between the Job Demand-Control (JDC) model of stress and traffic safety outcomes (accidents and sanctions) in public transport drivers ( n = 780). The data was collected using a structured self-administrable questionnaire composed of measurements of work stress (Job Content Questionnaire), and demographics (professional driving experience, hours and days working/driving per week). The data contains 4 parts: descriptive statistics, bivariate correlations between the study variables, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Post-Hoc comparisons between drivers classified different quadrants of the JDC model...
August 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887541/health-education-and-employment-status-of-europeans-aged-60-to-69-years-results-from-share-survey
#8
Christoph Augner
The objective of this study was to identify health and education related predictors of employment/self-employment in the age between 60 and 69 years in Europe. Data were obtained from Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) study- Wave 6. Our final sample (n=13,447) was retrieved from 16 European Union member states, Switzerland and Israel. We used logistic regression model including education level, physical and mental health parameters to predict employment/self-employment vs. retired. Employment/self-employment was associated with higher education status, increased risk for depression, and obesity, but with decreased risk for chronic diseases, loneliness and limitations in daily life activities...
June 9, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886711/probability-of-early-retirement-among-emergency-physicians
#9
Jaemyeong Shin, Yun Jeong Kim, Jong Kun Kim, Dong Eun Lee, Sungbae Moon, Jae Young Choe, Won Kee Lee, Hyung Min Lee, Kwang Hyun Cho
OBJECTIVES: Early retirement occurs when one's job satisfaction suffers due to employment mismatch resulting from factors such as inadequate compensation. Medical doctors report high levels of job stress and burnout relative to other professionals. These levels are highest among emergency physicians (EPs), and despite general improvements in their working conditions, early retirement continues to become more common in this population. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing EPs intention to retire early and to develop a probability equation for its prediction...
May 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884468/work-stress-and-risk-of-death-in-men-and-women-with-and-without-cardiometabolic-disease-a-multicohort-study
#10
Mika Kivimäki, Jaana Pentti, Jane E Ferrie, G David Batty, Solja T Nyberg, Markus Jokela, Marianna Virtanen, Lars Alfredsson, Nico Dragano, Eleonor I Fransson, Marcel Goldberg, Anders Knutsson, Markku Koskenvuo, Aki Koskinen, Anne Kouvonen, Ritva Luukkonen, Tuula Oksanen, Reiner Rugulies, Johannes Siegrist, Archana Singh-Manoux, Sakari Suominen, Töres Theorell, Ari Väänänen, Jussi Vahtera, Peter J M Westerholm, Hugo Westerlund, Marie Zins, Timo Strandberg, Andrew Steptoe, John Deanfield
BACKGROUND: Although some cardiovascular disease prevention guidelines suggest a need to manage work stress in patients with established cardiometabolic disease, the evidence base for this recommendation is weak. We sought to clarify the status of stress as a risk factor in cardiometabolic disease by investigating the associations between work stress and mortality in men and women with and without pre-existing cardiometabolic disease. METHODS: In this multicohort study, we used data from seven cohort studies in the IPD-Work consortium, initiated between 1985 and 2002 in Finland, France, Sweden, and the UK, to examine the association between work stress and mortality...
June 5, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883419/relationship-between-job-stress-and-5-ht2a-receptor-polymorphisms-on-self-reported-sleep-quality-in-physicians-in-urumqi-xinjiang-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Xiaoyan Gao, Hua Ge, Yu Jiang, Yulong Lian, Chen Zhang, Jiwen Liu
The serotonin receptor (5-HTR) plays a key role in sleep quality regulation. Job-related stress is an important factor that influences sleep quality. However, few reports on the interaction between 5-HTR2A polymorphisms and job stress, and how they may impact upon sleep quality are available. Therefore this study investigated the effects of job stress, 5-HTR2A polymorphisms, and their interaction on sleep quality, in physicians. Using a two-stage stratified sampling method, 918 participants were initially invited to participate in the study...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882441/misconduct-within-the-four-walls-does-organizational-justice-matter-in-explaining-prison-officers-misconduct-and-job-stress
#12
Francis D Boateng, Ming-Li Hsieh
Primarily, this article examines the role of organizational justice in understanding prison officers' behavior. The authors surveyed 169 correctional officers across five correctional facilities in Ghana to explore the role of three organizational justice dimensions in prison misconduct and job stress. Results from the negative binomial and ordinal logistic analyses revealed the significant contributions of two dimensions of organizational justice in explaining misconduct and stress among officers. Officers who had higher perceptions of distributive fairness and interaction in the organization had lower odds of receiving misconduct-related complaints...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880040/job-satisfaction-among-physiotherapists-in-saudi-arabia-does-the-leadership-style-matter
#13
Othman Y Alkassabi, Hana Al-Sobayel, Einas S Al-Eisa, Syamala Buragadda, Ahmad H Alghadir, Amir Iqbal
BACKGROUND: Research has shown high rates of stress and dissatisfaction among allied health professionals, including physiotherapists, having an adverse impact on workforce retention rates. This study aimed to examine the job satisfaction and influential factors among physiotherapists working in private and government hospitals of Saudi Arabia with a focus on leadership style. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted among sixty-nine licensed physical therapists working in various health care settings in Riyadh...
June 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879955/foreign-born-physicians-perceptions-of-discrimination-and-stress-in-finland-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#14
Tarja Heponiemi, Laura Hietapakka, Salla Lehtoaro, Anna-Mari Aalto
BACKGROUND: Foreign-born physicians fill in the shortage of physicians in many developed countries. Labour market theory and previous studies suggest that foreign-born physicians may be a disadvantaged group with a higher likelihood of discrimination and less prestigious jobs. The present study examines foreign-born physicians' experiences of discrimination (coming from management, colleagues and patients separately) and patient-related stress and integration-related stress, and it examines how gender, age, employment sector, country of birth, years from getting a practicing license in Finland, language problems, cross-cultural training, cross-cultural empathy, team climate and skill discretion were associated with these factors...
June 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875711/validity-of-the-parental-burnout-inventory-among-dutch-employees
#15
Hedwig J A Van Bakel, Marloes L Van Engen, Pascale Peters
The purpose of this study was to validate the Parental Burnout Inventory (PBI) in a Dutch sample of working parents. The Dutch version of the PBI and questionnaires about work were administered to 627 working parents, with at least one child living at home. We investigated whether the tri-dimensional structure of the PBI held in a sample of male and female employed parents. Furthermore, we examined the relationships between PBI and the constructs work-related burnout, depressive mood, parenting stress and work-family conflict, which we assessed with widely used and validated instruments, i...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874136/financial-hardship-and-the-economic-effect-of-childhood-cancer-survivorship
#16
Paul C Nathan, Tara O Henderson, Anne C Kirchhoff, Elyse R Park, K Robin Yabroff
In addition to the long-term physical and psychological sequelae of cancer therapy, adult survivors of childhood cancer are at an elevated risk for financial hardship. Financial hardship can have material, psychological, and behavioral effects, including high out-of-pocket medical costs, asset depletion and debt, limitations in or inability to work, job lock, elevated stress and worry, and a delaying or forgoing of medical care because of cost. Most financial hardship research has been conducted in survivors of adult cancers...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870870/the-effect-of-nursing-internship-program-on-burnout-and-professional-commitment
#17
Sultan Ayaz-Alkaya, Şengül Yaman-Sözbir, Burcu Bayrak-Kahraman
BACKGROUND: Professional commitment is defined as a belief in and acceptance of the values of the profession which is chosen, effort to actualize these values, desire to improve him/herself. Nurses' professional and organizational commitment are influenced by factors such as job stress, job satisfaction and burnout. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the effect of nursing internship program on professional commitment and burnout of senior nursing students...
May 26, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870648/validation-of-the-hungarian-version-of-carlson-s-work-family-conflict-scale
#18
Szilvia Ádám, Barna Konkoly Thege
Background and purpose: Work-family conflict has been associated with adverse individual (e.g., cardiovascular diseases, anxiety disorders), organizational (e.g., absenteeism, lower productivity), and societal outcomes (e.g., increased use of healthcare services). However, lack of standardized measurement has hindered the comparison of data across various cultures. The purpose of this study was to develop the Hungarian version of Carlson et al.'s multidimensional Work-Family Conflict Scale and establish its reliability and validity...
November 30, 2017: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866734/greenness-and-job-related-chronic-stress-in-young-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-germany
#19
Ronald Herrera, Iana Markevych, Ursula Berger, Jon Genuneit, Jessica Gerlich, Dennis Nowak, Wolff Schlotz, Christian Vogelberg, Erika von Mutius, Gudrun Weinmayr, Doris Windstetter, Matthias Weigl, Joachim Heinrich, Katja Radon
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to prospectively study the association between normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI) as a measure of greenness around homes and occupational stress. SETTING: A population-based cohort in Munich and Dresden cities was followed from age 16-18 years to age 20-23 years (n=1632). PARTICIPANTS: At baseline, all participants attended high-school while at follow-up some had started working and others studying at university...
June 4, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866142/cross-sectional-study-on-nurses-attitudes-regarding-coercive-measures-the-importance-of-socio-demographic-characteristics-job-satisfaction-and-strategies-for-coping-with-stress
#20
Branko Bregar, Brigita Skela-Savič, Blanka Kores Plesničar
BACKGROUND: Coercive measures are containment methods used in psychiatry to curb patients' disruptive and aggressive behaviours towards themselves, others or objects. The prevalence of the practice of coercive measures in psychiatry is directly related to the attitudes of the staff. When discussing these attitudes, nurses are often particularly singled out. The purpose of the study is to research the impact of individual factors on nurses' attitudes in the decision-making process for the use of coercive measures...
June 4, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
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