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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471468/working-conditions-and-stress-in-the-english-education-system
#1
J M Ravalier, J Walsh
Background: The UK education sector has among the highest level of stress sickness absence of all occupations. However, investigations of psychosocial working conditions which contribute to stress, including behaviour of students and parents, has not been conducted. Aims: To investigate the psychosocial working conditions and prevalence of negative parental and student behaviour in a large sample of school teachers and college lecturers based in England. In addition, to assess the influence of working conditions, student behaviour and parental behaviour on perceived stress...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471382/gendered-safety-and-health-risks-in-the-construction-trades
#2
Hannah M Curtis, Hendrika Meischke, Bert Stover, Nancy J Simcox, Noah S Seixas
Objectives: Despite women's increased representation in the overall workforce, construction remains a male-dominated industry. Prior studies have noted that the hazardous workplace environment combined with a culture that can be discriminatory and openly hostile can threaten women workers' health and safety. However, little information exists about the current physical and psychosocial hazards at work affecting tradeswomen. Methods: We examined differences in workplace exposure between women and men, and the association of these exposures with self-reported stress and work injury, in order to highlight how gendered conditions of work negatively affect tradeswomen's health...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471379/do-women-and-men-have-the-same-patterns-of-multiple-occupational-carcinogenic-exposures-results-from-a-cohort-of-cancer-patients
#3
Mélanie Bertin, Annie Thébaud-Mony, Emilie Counil
Complex exposure situations are frequent at the workplace, but few studies have characterized multiple occupational carcinogenic exposures (MOCE) and their gendered differences across jobs' characteristics. We assessed MOCE separately in male and female jobs and identified patterns of MOCE at job level. Participants (834 men and 183 women) were cancer patients recruited between March 2002 and December 2010 in the ongoing SCOP93 cohort study, Seine-Saint-Denis department, France. Job histories were collected through personal interviews, and carcinogenic exposures were assessed by a multidisciplinary expert committee using a list of 53 carcinogens...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467695/returning-to-work-after-childbirth-in-europe-well-being-work-life-balance-and-the-interplay-of-supervisor-support
#4
Ana M Lucia-Casademunt, Antonia M García-Cabrera, Laura Padilla-Angulo, Deybbi Cuéllar-Molina
Parents returning to work after the arrival of a new son or daughter is an important question for understanding the trajectory of people's lives and professional careers amid current debates about gender equality and work-life balance (WLB). Interestingly, current research concludes that general WLB practices at the workplace may be necessary in the specific case of women returning to work after childbirth because of the particular maternal and infant factors involved. However, WLB practices as a flexible arrangement may work against women because they may be viewed as a lack of organizational commitment...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466069/maintaining-professional-commitment-as-a-newly-credentialed-athletic-trainer-in-the-secondary-school-setting
#5
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Sarah L Myers, Stacy E Walker, Jessica Kirby
CONTEXT:   Professional commitment, or one's affinity and loyalty to a career, has become a topic of interest in athletic training. The expanding research on the topic, however, has omitted newly credentialed athletic trainers (ATs). For an impressionable group of practitioners, transitioning to clinical practice can be stressful. OBJECTIVE:   To explore the professional commitment of newly credentialed ATs in the secondary school setting. SETTING:   Secondary school...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465293/effects-of-physical-activity-program-on-weight-physical-fitness-occupational-stress-job-satisfaction-and-quality-of-life-of-overweight-employees-in-high-tech-industries-a-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Yun-Ya Fang, Chien-Yuan Huang, Mei-Chi Hsu
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the physical activity (PA) program on weight control, physical fitness, occupational stress, job satisfaction, and quality of life of overweight and sedentary employees in high-tech industries. METHODS: Participants in the intervention group (n = 37) were instructed to carry out PA program on a moderate intensity for 60 min/session, 3 sessions/week for 12 weeks. Those in the control group (n = 38) received no PA program, were asked to continue their routine lifestyle...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463486/burnout-study-of-clinical-nurses-in-vietnam-development-of-job-burnout-model-based-on-leiter-and-maslach-s-theory
#7
Huong Thi Thu Nguyen, Kazuyo Kitaoka, Masune Sukigara, Anh Lan Thai
PURPOSE: This study aimed to create a Vietnamese version of both the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) and Areas of Worklife Scale (AWS) to assess the burnout state of Vietnamese clinical nurses and to develop a causal model of burnout of clinical nurses. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive design using a cross-sectional survey. The questionnaire was hand-divided directly by nursing departments to 500 clinical nurses in three hospitals. Vietnamese MBI-GS and AWS were then examined for reliability and validity...
February 8, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454874/stressors-for-spanish-nursing-students-in-clinical-practice
#8
Jose-Maria Suarez-Garcia, Alba Maestro-Gonzalez, David Zuazua-Rico, Marta Sánchez-Zaballos, Maria-Pilar Mosteiro-Diaz
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice is critical for nursing students to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to properly develop professionally. The presence of stress in clinical practice may negatively affect their training. OBJECTIVES: To understand the extent to which clinical practice can be stressful for nursing students at a Spanish university and to determine the main stressors associated with the practice. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive, and observational study conducted in 2016 at the two nursing colleges of the University of Oviedo, located in Oviedo and Gijón in the Principality of Asturias, Spain...
February 6, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452409/recruitment-and-retention-of-trainee-physicians-a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-motivations-and-influences-on-career-choice-of-trainee-physicians
#9
C Ryan, E Ward, M Jones
Background: Across the UK there are vacant physician posts at every level. This increases workload and stress for those who remain, in turn making substantive jobs less attractive. Aim: To understand the influences on career choice and retention in training of current trainee physicians. Methods: An online survey, with a combination of closed and free text questions, was developed to assess factors that affected career choices. This was sent to all core and higher specialty trainees in Scotland and Associate or Collegiate members of the Royal College of Physicians Edinburgh not training in Scotland...
February 14, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449870/validating-the-demand-control-support-questionnaire-among-white-collar-employees-in-switzerland-and-the-united-states
#10
Daniel Mauss, Raphael M Herr, Töres Theorell, Peter Angerer, Jian Li
Background: The Demand Control Support Questionnaire (DCSQ) is an established self-reported tool to measure a stressful work environment. Validated German and English versions are however currently missing. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the psychometric properties of German and English versions of the DCSQ among white-collar employees in Switzerland and the US. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 499 employees in Switzerland and 411 in the US, respectively...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449045/how-to-measure-glucocorticoid-receptor-s-sensitivity-in-patients-with-stress-related-psychiatric-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Carolin Leistner, Andreas Menke
Stress is a state of derailed homeostasis and a main environmental risk factor for psychiatric diseases. Chronic or uncontrollable stress may lead to a dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, which is a common feature of stress-related psychiatric disorders. One of the key mechanisms underlying a disturbed HPA axis is an impaired function of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) with an enhanced or reduced feedback sensitivity for glucocorticoids and subsequently altered concentrations of peripheral cortisol...
February 2, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446236/help-me-if-you-can-psychological-distance-and-help-seeking-intentions-in-employee-supervisor-relations
#12
Izhak Berkovich, Ori Eyal
Social support at work is considered useful in treating job-related stress, and supervisors' emotional support has been found to be the most effective source of support at work. But an understanding of what elements make employees use supervisors as a source of emotional support is lacking. The present qualitative study included in-depth interviews with 24 teachers and 12 principals and a focus group with 12 school counsellors. The findings pointed at 2 groups of determinants of subordinates' intentions of asking socioemotional help from supervisors...
February 15, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444660/volunteers-in-ethiopia-s-women-s-development-army-are-more-deprived-and-distressed-than-their-neighbors-cross-sectional-survey-data-from-rural-ethiopia
#13
Kenneth Maes, Svea Closser, Yihenew Tesfaye, Yasmine Gilbert, Roza Abesha
BACKGROUND: Many Community Health Workers (CHWs) experience the same socioeconomic and health needs as their neighbors, given that they are by definition part of their communities. Yet very few studies aim to measure and characterize experiences of deprivation, poverty, and wellbeing among community health workers. This study quantitatively examines deprivation and wellbeing in Ethiopia's Women's Development Army (WDA), a massive unpaid community health workforce intended to improve population health and modernize the country...
February 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440211/portuguese-version-of-a-stress-and-well-being-evaluation-tool-asset-at-the-workplace-validation-of-the-psychometric-properties
#14
Maria João Heitor Dos Santos, Sérgio Moreira, Joana Carreiras, Cary Cooper, Matthew Smeed, Maria de Fátima Reis, José Pereira Miguel
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this work was to translate the English version of ASSET (A Shortened Stress Evaluation Tool) into the Portuguese version and to validate its psychometric properties. Additionally, this work tested the convergent validity of the instrument. METHODS: The translation and retroversion were conducted by experts and submitted to the authors for approval. Within an observational, cross-sectional study, regarding mental health at the workplace, ASSET together with other scales was applied to a sample of 405 participants...
February 12, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437756/pre-post-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-of-the-workingwell-mobile-support-tool-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness-in-the-usa-a-pilot-study-protocol
#15
Joanne Nicholson, Spenser M Wright, Alyssa M Carlisle
INTRODUCTION: Successful competitive employment has been found to be related to enhanced self-esteem, higher quality of life and reduced mental health service use for individuals living with serious mental illnesses (SMIs) including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression. The effectiveness of the individual placement and support model has been demonstrated in multiple randomised controlled trials in many countries. The management of stress, depression and anxiety in the workplace may be effectively enhanced through digital mental health interventions...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436766/burnout-among-female-emergency-medicine-physicians-a-nationwide-study
#16
Atefeh Soltanifar, Elham Pishbin, Negin Attaran Mashhadi, Mona Najaf Najafi, Maryam Siahtir
OBJECTIVE: The challenging and stressful nature of emergency medicine place the practitioners of this young branch of medicine at risk of burnout. In Iran, the number of women choosing the specialty of emergency medicine has been increasing in recent years. No studies have focused on burnout among female emergency medicine physicians. We conducted this study to evaluate the level of burnout in female emergency medicine physicians in Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all Iranian female emergency medicine physicians with more than 2 years of work experience as specialists, received a questionnaire containing 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory scales and 7-item Cassidy social support scale, as well as questions about workload and career satisfaction...
February 13, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436185/emotional-labor-and-burnout-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Da Yee Jeung, Changsoo Kim, Sei Jin Chang
This literature review was conducted to investigate the association between emotional labor and burnout and to explore the role of personality in this relationship. The results of this review indicate that emotional labor is a job stressor that leads to burnout. Further examination of personality traits, such as self-efficacy and type A behavior pattern, is needed to understand the relationships between emotional labor and health outcomes, such as burnout, psychological distress, and depression. The results also emphasized the importance of stress management programs to reduce the adverse outcomes of emotional labor, as well as coping repertories to strengthen the personal potential suitable to organizational goals...
March 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435353/exploring-links-between-common-mental-health-problems-alcohol-substance-use-and-perpetration-of-intimate-partner-violence-a-rapid-ethnographic-assessment-with-men-in-urban-kenya
#18
A Schafer, P Koyiet
Introduction: Kenya has some of the highest rates of gender-based violence (GBV) in the world, particularly intimate partner violence. World Vision completed a rapid ethnographic assessment to explore common problems faced by men and local perspectives about the links between men, mental health, alcohol use and GBV. Methods: Data from community free-listing surveys (n = 52), four focus group discussions and two key informant interviews formed the basis for thematic analysis and findings...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424038/workplace-related-generational-characteristics-of-nurses-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
S Stevanin, A Palese, V Bressan, K Vehviläinen-Julkunen, T Kvist
AIMS: Describe and summarize workplace characteristics of three nursing generations: Baby Boomers, Generations X and Y. BACKGROUND: Generational differences affect occupational well-being, nurses' performance, patient outcomes and safety; therefore, nurse managers, administrators and educators are interested increasingly in making evidence-based decisions about the multigenerational nursing workforce. DESIGN: Mixed-methods systematic review...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422184/health-promoting-lifestyles-and-their-related-influences-among-nursing-assistants-in-nursing-homes-in-china
#20
Lixia Chen, Jing Zhang, Wei Fu
OBJECTIVE: The aims are to assess the health-promoting lifestyle status of nursing assistants in nursing homes in China and explore the roles of demographic, health conception, perceived health behavior self-efficacy, and job satisfaction in health-promoting lifestyles. METHOD: Using a cross-sectional descriptive design and convenience sampling, 285 nursing assistants from different nursing homes in Hangzhou were investigated using the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II, Self-Rated Abilities for Health Practice Scale, Health Conception Scale, Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire, and a demographic questionnaire to measure their health-promoting lifestyle status...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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