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job stress

Shulamit Ben-Itzhak, Jonathan Dvash, Maya Maor, Noa Rosenberg, Pinchas Halpern
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is common in physicians and particularly acute in emergency physicians. Physician burnout may adversely affect physicians' lives and the quality of care they provide, but much remains unknown about its main contributing factors. The present study evaluated burnout rates and contributing factors in emergency physicians in Israel, specifically focusing on the role of a sense of meaning, which has received little attention in the literature concerning burnout in emergency physicians...
December 2015: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Maryam Maddineshat, Alan H Rosenstein, Arash Akaberi, Mahbubeh Tabatabaeichehr
Introduction: Disruptive behaviors cause many problems in the workplace, especially in the emergency department (ED).This study was conducted to assess the physician's and nurse's perspective toward disruptive behaviors in the emergency department. Methods: In this cross-sectional study a total of 45 physicians and 110 nurses working in the emergency department of five general hospitals in Bojnurd participated. Data were collected using a translated, changed, and validated questionnaire (25 item). The collected data were analyzed by SPSS ver...
September 2016: Journal of Caring Sciences
Tomohiko Muratsubaki, Tomomi Hattori, Jue Li, Shin Fukudo, Masanori Munakata
BACKGROUND: Karoshi, or death due to overwork, has now become a serious social problem in China. Worsening of cardiovascular risks by stress might initiate karoshi. Many studies have examined the relationship between job stress and obesity, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, but less evidence exists for dyslipidemia like hypo-high-density lipoproteinemia (hypo-HDL). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between job stress and hypo-HDL of Chinese workers in Shanghai...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Laura M Schwab-Reese, Marizen Ramirez, Sato Ashida, Corinne Peek-Asa
INTRODUCTION: For new mothers returning to work, the role of the workplace psychosocial environment on maternal mental health has not been fully described. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between psychosocial employment characteristics and mothers' postpartum depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms. METHODS: Ninety-seven women answered survey questions regarding employment, job demand, control, and support, and postpartum depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms soon after live birth and 6 months later...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Joana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
BACKGROUND: Job stress and burnout are highly frequent in healthcare professionals, and prevalence in nurses can be as high as 40%. Mindfulness-based interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing stress and increasing well-being in a wide range of populations and contexts. However, controlled studies with healthcare professionals, and especially nurses, are scarce. OBJECTIVES, DESIGN AND SETTING: The aim of this study was to explore the effectiveness of an on-site, abbreviated mindfulness-based intervention for nurses, using a nonrandomized, wait-list comparison design...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Subhashis Basu, Hasan Qayyum, Suzanne Mason
INTRODUCTION: Occupational stress is a major modern health and safety challenges. While the ED is known to be a high-pressure environment, the specific organisational stressors which affect ED staff have not been established. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of literature examining the sources of organisational stress in the ED, their link to adverse health outcomes and interventions designed to address them. A narrative review of contextual factors that may contribute to occupational stress was also performed...
October 11, 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Ayako Hino, Akiomi Inoue, Kosuke Mafune, Toru Nakagawa, Takeshi Hayashi, Hisanori Hiro
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the impact of changes in psychosocial work characteristics on insulin resistance (IR) among Japanese male workers. METHODS: Subjects were 1,815 male workers who received a comprehensive health examination and requested measurement of their serum insulin level in Fiscal Years (FY) 2008 and 2011. Psychosocial work characteristics, including job demands, job control, and workplace social support (from supervisors and coworkers), were assessed in each of the job demands-control and demand-control-support models...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
Yao-Tiao Deng, Jie Liu, Jie Zhang, Bo-Yan Huang, Ting-Wu Yi, Yu-Qing Wang, Bo Zheng, Di Luo, Pei-Xin Du, Yu Jiang
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to develop a novel tool-the Burnout Battery-for briefly screening burnout among oncology professionals in China and assessing its validity. METHODS: A multicenter study was conducted in doctors and nurses of the oncology departments in China from November 2014 to May 2015. The Burnout Battery was administered with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) and the Doctors' Job Burnout Questionnaire. RESULTS: Of 538 oncology doctors and nurses who completed all the survey, using MBI-HSS as the standard tool for measuring burnout, 52% had emotional exhaustion, 39...
October 5, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Pavlos Sarafis, Eirini Rousaki, Andreas Tsounis, Maria Malliarou, Liana Lahana, Panagiotis Bamidis, Dimitris Niakas, Evridiki Papastavrou
BACKGROUND: Nursing is perceived as a strenuous job. Although past research has documented that stress influences nurses' health in association with quality of life, the relation between stress and caring behaviors remains relatively unexamined, especially in the Greek working environment, where it is the first time that this specific issue is being studied. The aim was to investigate and explore the correlation amidst occupational stress, caring behaviors and their quality of life in association to health...
2016: BMC Nursing
Francesco Lietz, Giovanni Piumatti, Cristina Mosso, Jelena Marinkovic, Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic
Today well-being attracts the attention of public health professionals who are looking to explore life satisfaction as a whole and its specific domains. In order to contribute in moving the measurement of subjective well-being from a primarily academic activity to the sphere of intervention, we need to assess tools to measure multidimensional well-being (MWB) adopting state-of-the-art statistical techniques. Through structural equation modelling our goal was to test a MWB model among Italian and Serbian university students and to further observe its relationships with measures of life goals' pursuing...
October 5, 2016: Health Promotion International
Yeon Hee Kim, Sung Reul Kim, Yeo Ok Kim, Ji Young Kim, Hyun Kyung Kim, Hye Young Kim
AIMS: To test a hypothetical path model evaluating the influence of type D personality on job stress and job satisfaction and to identify the mediating effects of compassion fatigue, burnout and compassion satisfaction among clinical nurses in South Korea. BACKGROUND: Personalities susceptible to stress, compassion fatigue and burnout in clinical nurses have negative effects on the job stress and job satisfaction. DESIGN: A correlational, cross-sectional design was used...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Nagat Mohamed Amer, Zeinab M Monir, Mai Sabry Saleh, Heba Mahdy-Abdallah, Salwa Farouk Hafez
AIM: The study aimed to assess worksite health education workshops as a successful tool for health promotion of employees. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A one day workshop was held for individuals engaged in research activities in the National research Centre of Egypt at the worksite. Its main objective was to highlight the nature, causes, symptoms and management of job stress. Participants were asked to fill a personality assessment sheet, a self-reported questionnaire for job satisfaction...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Ola Sayed Ali, Nadia Badawy, Sanaa Rizk, Hend Gomaa, Mai Sabry Saleh
AIM: Workplace stress is hazardous for its harmful impact on employees' health and organizational productivity. The aim of the study is to apply the Allostatic Load Index (ALI) which is a multi-component measure for health risk assessment and early detection of stress among workers in Egypt. METHODS: Sixty-two working adults randomly selected from two different working environments in Egypt were included in the study. Participants completed a self-reported questionnaire for socio-demographic and work variables...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Yared Belete Belay
INTRODUCTION: Job satisfaction is a multidimensional, enduring, important, and much-researched concept in the field of organizational behavior and has been identified as recognition in one's field of work, level of salary, opportunities for promotion, and achievement of personal goals. Job satisfaction directly affects the labor market behavior and economic efficiency by means of the impact on productivity and turnover of staff. The aim of this study was to assess the satisfaction level of pharmacy professionals in Mekelle city...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Francesco Chirico
In Europe, the Council Directive 89/391 for improvement of workers' safety and health has emphasized the importance of addressing all occupational risk factors, and hence also psychosocial and organizational risk factors. Nevertheless, the construct of "work-related stress" elaborated from EU-OSHA is not totally corresponding with the "psychosocial" risk, that is a broader category of risk, comprising various and different psychosocial risk factors. The term "burnout", without any binding definition, tries to integrate symptoms as well as cause of the burnout process...
July 2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Seung-Ho Jang, Han-Seung Ryu, Suck-Chei Choi, Sang-Yeol Lee
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine psychosocial factors related to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and their effects on quality of life (QOL) in firefighters. METHODS: Data were collected from 1217 firefighters in a Korean province. We measured psychological symptoms using the scale. In order to observe the influence of the high-risk group on occupational stress, we conduct logistic multiple linear regression. The correlation between psychological factors and QOL was also analyzed and performed a hierarchical regression analysis...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Alp Saruhanoğlu, Bilge Gökçen-Röhlig, Ceren Saruhanoğlu, Değer Öngül, Meltem Koray
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to investigate the frequency of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) among call center employees. METHODS: Workers from four call centers (CC) were invited to participate in this study. The examination was based on the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorder (RDC/TMD). The tenderness of the masticator muscles was assessed on both sides by bilateral palpation. The mobility of the mandible was measured with a plastic millimeter ruler on opening, lateral excursions, and protrusion...
August 16, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Adam Hege, Michael Kenneth Lemke, Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Mike Perko, Sevil Sönmez, Robert Strack
Work organization, including long working hours, irregular work schedules, and job stress has been associated with increased cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk for numerous working populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between work hours, work schedules, job stress and CMD risk for a sample of U.S. long-haul truck drivers (LHTDs). A non-experimental, descriptive, cross-sectional design was employed to collect survey and anthropometric data from 260 U.S. LHTDs at a major truckstop...
September 29, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Elena Fiabane, Eleonora Ferraris, Paola Ranalletti, Debora Conti, Ines Giorgi, Marcella Ottonello, Piergiorgio Argentero
INTRODUCTION: Substance dependence problems are considered to be a relevant issue for a large proportion of the working population and represent a huge health and occupational cost. However, few studies have examined the return to work after addiction problems. AIMS: This exploratory follow-up study aims to evaluate the return to work, in terms of employment outcomes, perceived work environment and physical and mental health of patients who have completed an addiction rehabilitation program and an employment and social intervention...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
Federica Emanuel, Monica Molino, Chiara Ghislieri, Riccardo Ghini, Alberto Tortone, Claudio Giovanni Cortese
BACKGROUND: Work-related stress evaluation is a legal requirement for companies that, in some cases, might be seen as an opportunity to examine wellbeing at work and the dimensions related to it, through the involvement of employees. To that end, this study considers the job demands-resources model as a theoretical framework. OBJECTIVES: The study has a twofold objective: a) to describe the process of subjective evaluation carried out in the Italian plant of a pharmaceutical company; and b) to show and discuss results of the analyses performed on variables, examining in detail the relationship between two outcomes (job satisfaction and emotional exhaustion) and some job demands (workload and job effort), job resources (safety climate, clarity of roles, clarity and applicability of procedures, supervisor relational justice and colleague support), and personal resources (internal locus of control and job-related self-efficacy)...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
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