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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673218/developing-an-extended-model-of-the-relation-between-work-motivation-and-health-as-affected-by-the-work-ability-as-part-of-a-corporate-age-management-approach
#1
Annemarie Feißel, Richard Peter, Enno Swart, Stefanie March
Due to demographic changes, the employee structure in companies is changing dramatically. It will be necessary to offer employees suitable, age-adequate jobs. As one of its foremost goals, optimized business management strategies must create conditions for guaranteeing a person’s health, work ability, and work motivation. In the context of corporate age management concepts, the literature recommends to retain and integrate older employees in the organization. This paper aims at developing an extended model of the relation between work motivation and health as affected by work ability and at deriving a host of measures that enterprises can apply as part of a corporate age management policy to counteract the impact of demographic changes...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672758/explaining-the-gender-gap-in-sickness-absence
#2
K A Østby, A Mykletun, W Nilsen
Background: In many western countries, women have a much higher rate of sickness absence than men. To what degree the gender differences in sickness absence are caused by gender differences in health is largely unknown. Aims: To assess to what degree the gender gap in sickness absence can be explained by health factors and work- and family-related stressors. Methods: Norwegian parents participating in the Tracking Opportunities and Problems (TOPP) study were asked about sickness absence and a range of factors possibly contributing to gender differences in sickness absence, including somatic and mental health, sleep problems, job control/demands, work-home conflicts, parent-child conflicts and stressful life events...
April 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669966/effect-of-the-national-stress-check-program-on-mental-health-among-workers-in-japan-a-1-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Kotaro Imamura, Yumi Asai, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Akizumi Tsutsumi, Akihito Shimazu, Akiomi Inoue, Hisanori Hiro, Yuko Odagiri, Toru Yoshikawa, Etsuko Yoshikawa, Norito Kawakami
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective cohort study evaluated the impact of the Stress Check Program, a recently introduced national policy and program aimed at reducing psychological distress among Japanese workers. METHODS: A baseline survey was conducted from November 2015 to February 2016, the period when Japan began enforcing the Stress Check Program. A one-year follow-up survey was conducted in December 2016. In the follow-up survey, two exposure variables were collected: having taken the annual stress survey, and experiencing an improvement in the psychosocial work environment...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669182/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-among-refugee-resettlement-workers-the-role-of-coping-and-emotional-intelligence
#4
Adeyinka M Akinsulure-Smith, Adriana Espinosa, Tracy Chu, Ryan Hallock
To promote a better understanding of the impact of refugee resettlement work on refugee resettlement workers, this study examined the prevalence rates of deleterious mental health and occupational outcomes, such as secondary traumatic stress and burnout, among a sample of 210 refugee resettlement workers at six refugee resettlement agencies in the United States. The study also explored coping mechanisms used by service providers to manage work-related stress and the influence of such strategies and emotional intelligence on secondary traumatic stress and burnout...
April 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668368/financial-impact-of-breast-cancer-in-black-versus-white-women
#5
Stephanie B Wheeler, Jennifer C Spencer, Laura C Pinheiro, Lisa A Carey, Andrew F Olshan, Katherine E Reeder-Hayes
Purpose Racial variation in the financial impact of cancer may contribute to observed differences in the use of guideline-recommended treatments. We describe racial differences with regard to the financial impact of breast cancer in a large population-based prospective cohort study. Methods The Carolina Breast Cancer Study oversampled black women and women younger than age 50 years with incident breast cancer in North Carolina from 2008 to 2013. Participants provided medical records and data regarding demographics, socioeconomic status, and financial impact of cancer at 5 and 25 months postdiagnosis...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667501/does-organizational-and-coworker-support-moderate-diabetes-risk-and-job-stress-among-employees
#6
Marilyn B Wolff, Jennifer L Gay, Mark G Wilson, David M DeJoy, Robert J Vandenberg
PURPOSE: Examine the moderating role of perceived organizational and coworker support on the relationship between job stress and type 2 diabetes risk among employees. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was administered to employees at the workplace. SETTING: One national retail organization. PARTICIPANTS: Baseline data were obtained from 1595 employees in 21 retail stores. MEASURES: Self-reported organizational and coworker support to encourage and fulfill job responsibilities and job stress...
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660822/managing-work-and-cancer-treatment-experiences-among-survivors-of-hematological-cancer
#7
Maria D Thomson, Laura A Siminoff
BACKGROUND: The current study was performed to characterize the employment status of survivors of hematological cancer who have an informal caregiver from the time of diagnosis through the first 6 months of treatment. METHODS: Using a mixed methods approach, semistructured interviews with survivors of hematological cancer were conducted within 6 months of the initiation of cancer treatment. Interviews assessed cancer treatment status, barriers and facilitators to employment, financial and insurance status, and relationship with the primary caregiver...
April 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658425/work-and-female-breast-cancer-the-state-of-the-evidence-2002-2017
#8
Connie L Engel, M Sharima Rasanayagam, Janet M Gray, Jeanne Rizzo
The authors undertook a scoping review to assess the literature from 2002 to 2017 on the relationship between occupation and female breast cancer. Case-control, cohort, and meta-analytic studies suggest that women working as flight attendants, in medical professions, some production positions, sales and retail, and scientific technical staff are likely to have elevated risk of breast cancer. In addition, occupational exposures to night-shift work, ionizing radiation, some chemicals, job stress, and sedentary work may increase risk of breast cancer...
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656118/job-loss-firm-level-heterogeneity-and-mortality-evidence-from-administrative-data
#9
Hans Bloemen, Stefan Hochguertel, Jochem Zweerink
This paper estimates the effect of job loss on mortality for older male workers with a strong labor force attachment. Using Dutch administrative data, we find that job loss due to firm closure increased the probability of death within five years by a sizable 0.60 percentage points. Importantly, this effect is estimated using a model that controls for firm-level worker characteristics, such as lagged firm-level annual average mortality rates. On the mechanism driving the effect of job loss on mortality, we provide evidence for an effect running through stress and changes in life style...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643264/how-does-economic-recession-affect-substance-use-a-reality-check-with-clients-of-drug-treatment-centres
#10
Pol Bruguera, Jillian Reynolds, Eilish Gilvarry, Fleur Braddick, Abdul Latheef Marath-Veettil, Peter Anderson, Zofia Mielecka-Kubien, Eileen Kaner, Antoni Gual
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between economic downturns and substance use has been studied in numerous economic crises occurring worldwide, but the precise relationship between the two remains unclear. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to undertake a survey on behaviour and perspectives related to the latest European economic crisis among illegal drug users attending substance treatment services. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire-based survey in drug dependence treatment settings, in three geographically different jurisdictions (England, Catalonia and Poland), including 180 drug users...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642970/work-aggravated-asthma-in-great-britain-a-cross-sectional-postal-survey
#11
Lisa Bradshaw, Jade Sumner, Julian Delic, Paul Henneberger, David Fishwick
OBJECTIVE: Work aggravated asthma (WAA), asthma made worse by but not caused by workplace exposures, can have a negative impact on personal, social, financial and societal costs. There is limited data on prevalence levels of WAA in Great Britain (GB). The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of WAA in GB, and to assess its potential causes.Materials and methodsA cross-sectional postal questionnaire study was carried out. A total of 1620 questionnaires were sent to three populations of adults with asthma...
April 12, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642586/are-bank-employees-stressed-job-perception-and-positivity-in-the-banking-sector-an-italian-observational-study
#12
Alice Mannocci, Laura Marchini, Alfredo Scognamiglio, Alessandra Sinopoli, Simone De Sio, Sabina Sernia, Giuseppe La Torre
Background : The epidemiology of stress on bank workers in Europe is only at the introductory stages. This study investigated for the first time the association between occupational stress level in bank-employees using the BEST8, Karasek-Model and socio-demographic and working factors in Italy. Methods : The observational pilot study involved 384 employees. Three questionnaires were adopted to collect data: Karasek-Model, BEST8 ( p < 0.001) and Positivity-Scale. Results : 25% of the sample belonged to high stress group...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619151/musculoskeletal-disorders-as-common-problems-among-iranian-nurses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-study
#13
REVIEW
Ali Soroush, Mohammadbagher Shamsi, Neda Izadi, Behzad Heydarpour, Soheila Samadzadeh, Afshar Shahmohammadi
Background: Considering the importance of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) as one of the health consequences of job stress among nurses and significant contradictions in prevalence in different parts of the body, this study was carried out to determine the prevalence of MSDs among Iranian nurses. Methods: All published studies from June 2000 until June 2015 were considered in reliable databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, Google search, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and Persian databases such as SID, Iran Medex, and Magiran...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615446/longitudinal-study-of-occupational-noise-exposure-and-joint-effects-with-job-strain-and-risk-for-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke-in-swedish-men
#14
Helena Pernilla Eriksson, Eva Andersson, Linus Schiöler, Mia Söderberg, Mattias Sjöström, Annika Rosengren, Kjell Torén
OBJECTIVES: The aims were to investigate whether occupational noise increased the risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke and to elucidate interactions with stressful working conditions in a cohort of Swedish men. DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study on CHD and stroke in Swedish men followed until death, hospital discharge or until 75 years of age, using Swedish national registers on cause of death and hospital discharges. Baseline data on occupation from 1974 to 1977 were used for classification of levels of occupational noise and job demand-control...
April 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614802/associations-between-job-strain-and-arterial-stiffness-a-large-survey-among-enterprise-employees-from-thailand
#15
Orawan Kaewboonchoo, Grace Sembajwe, Jian Li
As an intermediate endpoint to cardiovascular disease, arterial stiffness has received much attention recently. So far, the research on work stress and arterial stiffness is still sparse and inconsistent, and no investigations on work stress and cardiovascular health among the Thai working population have been reported. Therefore, we conducted an epidemiological study among 2141 Thai enterprise employees (858 men and 1283 women) who were free from any diagnosed cardiovascular disease. Work stress was measured using Karasek's Job Demand-Control model for job strain (a combination of high demand and low control)...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614742/preventing-opioid-use-disorders-among-fishing-industry-workers
#16
Angela Wangari Walter, Cesar Morocho, Lauren King, John Bartlett, Debra Kelsey, Monica DeSousa, Gretchen Biesecker, Laura Punnett
Fishing industry workers are at high risk for work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and injuries. Prescription opioids used to treat pain injuries may put these workers at increased risk for developing substance disorders. Using a Community-Based Participatory Research approach, formative research was conducted to inform the eventual development of relevant interventions to prevent and reduce opioid use disorders among fishing industry workers. Qualitative interviews ( n = 21) were conducted to assess: knowledge and attitudes about opioid use disorders; features of fishing work that might affect use and/or access to treatment; and community and organizational capacity for prevention and treatment...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607246/understanding-mental-health-in-the-research-environment-a-rapid-evidence-assessment
#17
Susan Guthrie, Catherine A Lichten, Janna Van Belle, Sarah Ball, Anna Knack, Joanna Hofman
This study aimed to establish what is known about the mental health of researchers based on the existing literature. There is limited published evidence on the prevalence of specific mental health conditions among researchers. The majority of the identified literature on prevalence relates to work-related stress among academic staff and postgraduate students in university settings. Survey data indicate that the majority of university staff find their job stressful. Levels of burnout appear higher among university staff than in general working populations and are comparable to "high-risk" groups such as healthcare workers...
April 2018: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604504/consequences-of-parental-burnout-its-specific-effect-on-child-neglect-and-violence
#18
Moïra Mikolajczak, Maria Elena Brianda, Hervé Avalosse, Isabelle Roskam
Parental burnout is a specific syndrome resulting from enduring exposure to chronic parenting stress. It encompasses three dimensions: an overwhelming exhaustion related to one's parental role, an emotional distancing from one's children and a sense of ineffectiveness in one's parental role. This study aims to facilitate further identification of the consequences of parental burnout for the parents themselves, their spouses and their child(ren). In a sample of 1551 parents, we examined the relationship between parental burnout and seven possible consequences: escapism and suicidal thoughts, addictions, sleep disorders, marital conflicts, a partner estrangement mindset, and neglect and violence towards one's child(ren)...
March 28, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599663/interactive-effects-of-work-psychosocial-factors-on-participation-in-workplace-wellness-programs
#19
Mahboobeh Ghesmaty Sangachin, Lora A Cavuoto
This study explored concurrent effects of six work psychosocial factors on current participation and the self-reported likelihood of future participation in workplace wellness programs using a cross-sectional survey, an ad hoc focus group, and structured interviews. Classification and regression tree analysis was used to analyze survey responses from 343 employees (194 nonparticipants, 95 participants, and 54 engaged participants). A thematic analysis of focus group ( n = 7) and interview ( n = 5) narratives was also undertaken...
2018: Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599532/-job-satisfaction-vs-occupational-stress-quantitative-analysis-of-3-organizational-units-of-a-public-sector-institution
#20
Anna Rogozińska-Pawełczyk
BACKGROUND: The influence of subjective perception of occupational stress and its individual factors on the overall level of job satisfaction was analyzed. The respondents were also asked to answer the question of the potential differences in terms of variables in managers and non-managers, and in various demographic factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This article presents the results of a study conducted among 5930 people employed in 3 units of the examined public sector institution...
March 30, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
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