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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436709/transitioning-from-occupational-therapy-student-to-practicing-occupational-therapist-first-year-of-employment
#1
Randy P McCombie, Meredith E Antanavage
This research examined the transition from occupational therapy student to practicing occupational therapist over the course of one's first year of professional employment, as recalled by a sample of occupational therapists. Surveys were mailed to 500 occupational therapists randomly selected from membership in the American Occupational Therapy Association resulting in 202 returned surveys. Median year of graduation was 1998, ranging from 1967 to 2014. In general, respondents indicated the transition was positive...
April 24, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428501/job-stress-and-behavioral-characteristics-in-relation-to-coronary-heart-disease-risk-among-japanese-police-officers
#2
Maki Shiozaki, Nobuyuki Miyai, Ikuharu Morioka, Miyoko Utsumi, Sonomi Hattori, Hiroaki Koike, Mikio Arita, Kazuhisa Miyashita
This study examined the association between job-related behavioral characteristics and the risk of coronary heart diseases (CHD) in Japanese male police officers. Compared to office clerks, police officers exhibited greater age-related increases of the prevalence of CHD risk factors, and a clustering number of CHD risk factors was significantly higher in the group of those over 45 years of age. Among the police officers, coronary-prone behavior was more frequent than that seen in office clerks. The police officers with coronary-prone behavior tended to engage in shift work and to work overtime more; yet they were less likely to perceive job stress and to express the relevant physical and psychological symptoms than those without coronary-prone behavior...
April 20, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424804/acute-medicine-finishing-school-preparing-for-the-next-step
#3
Tehmeena Khan, Nicholas Murch
The transition from registrar to consultant in medicine is one that trainees feel ill prepared for and can be extremely stressful. We devised the concept of an Acute Medicine "Finishing School" for senior trainees in London training programmes and ran sessions on CV writing, a simulated consultant interview, consultant job planning, responding to complaints and an out of hospital emergency scenario. Our feedback survey indicated that our delegates' confidence levels in all of the above aspects increased following the sessions...
2017: Acute Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421641/it-is-not-just-about-occupation-but-also-about-where-you-work
#4
Hanne Berthelsen, Hugo Westerlund, Jari J Hakanen, Tage S Kristensen
OBJECTIVES: Dentistry is characterized by a meaningful but also stressful psychosocial working environment. Job satisfaction varies among staff working under different organizational forms. The aim of this study was to identify (i) to what extent crucial psychosocial work environment characteristics differ among occupations in general public dental clinics in Sweden, and (ii) how much of the variation within each occupation is attributable to the organizational level. METHODS: All staff (N=1782) employed in four public dental organizations received an email with personal log-in to an electronic questionnaire based on the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire...
April 18, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420563/compassion-mindfulness-and-the-happiness-of-healthcare-workers
#5
Roberto P Benzo, Janae L Kirsch, Carlie Nelson
CONTEXT: Decreased well-being of healthcare workers expressed as stress and decreased job satisfaction influences patient safety, patient satisfaction, and cost containment. Self-compassion has garnered recent attention due to its positive association with well-being and happiness. Discovering novel pathways to increase the well-being of healthcare workers is essential. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to explore the influence of self-compassion on employee happiness in healthcare professionals...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419796/-third-working-conditions-and-health-survey-in-navarre-spain-main-findings
#6
Vega García
OBJECTIVE: To describe health problems and working conditions perceived by workers of Navarra, Spain. METHODS: Conduct of the Third Survey of Working Conditions and Health in Navarre. We administered the Seventh Spanish National Survey of Working Conditions questionnaire by personal interviews conducted in the workers' homes between October 2014 and December 2014, and using a three-stage stratified sampling approach, by economic activity, work establishment size and gender...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417549/searching-for-a-job-cardiac-responses-to-acute-stress-and-the-mediating-role-of-threat-appraisal-in-young-people
#7
M Zandara, M Garcia-Lluch, C Villada, V Hidalgo, A Salvador
Being unemployed and looking for a job has become a source of stress for many people in several European countries. However, little attention has been paid to the impact of this stressful situation on the individuals' psychophysiological stress responses. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of being an unemployed job seeker on cognitive threat appraisal and cardiac responses to a psychosocial stressor. We exposed a group of unemployed job seekers (N = 42) and a matched group of unemployed non-job seekers (N = 40) to a standardized social stressor in form of job interview, the Trier Social Stress Test...
April 18, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407025/relationships-between-temperaments-occupational-stress-and-insomnia-among-japanese-workers
#8
Yasuhiko Deguchi, Shinichi Iwasaki, Hideyuki Ishimoto, Koichiro Ogawa, Yuichi Fukuda, Tomoko Nitta, Tomoe Mitake, Yukako Nogi, Koki Inoue
Insomnia among workers reduces the quality of life, contributes toward the economic burden of healthcare costs and losses in work performance. The relationship between occupational stress and insomnia has been reported in previous studies, but there has been little attention to temperament in occupational safety and health research. The aim of this study was to clarify the relationships between temperament, occupational stress, and insomnia. The subjects were 133 Japanese daytime local government employees...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403218/association-of-arginase-i-or-nitric-oxide-related-factors-with-job-strain-in-healthy-workers
#9
Keiki Ogino, Tatsuo Ito, Eri Eguchi, Kenjiro Nagaoka
This study evaluated the associations between job strain and arginase I in 378 healthy Japanese factory workers by a cross-sectional study measuring nitric oxide (NO)-related parameters (arginase I, L-arginine, exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), and NOx), clinical parameters, and job strain using a Japanese version of the Job Content Questionnaire by Karasek. Arginase I and FEV1% were negatively correlated with job strain and positively correlated with job control and social support. FeNO and hs-CRP were negatively correlated with job strain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401642/misfit-of-organizational-and-personal-work-standards-and-its-longitudinal-effect-on-physicians-depressiveness
#10
Grit Tanner, Eva Bamberg, Maren Kersten, Agnessa Kozak, Albert Nienhaus
The misfit of organizational and personal work standards and its relationship to health is an issue that has rarely been investigated in hospital physicians. In particular, compensatory factors for the negative effects of a misfit of organizational and personal work standards remain unknown. Our longitudinal study investigated whether autonomous experiences at work and during leisure time compensate for the effects of a misfit of organizational and personal work standards on depressive complaints. Data were collected through surveys of German hospital physicians...
April 12, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392695/the-maugeri-stress-index-reduced-form-a-questionnaire-for-job-stress-assessment
#11
Davide Massidda, Ines Giorgi, Giulio Vidotto, Salvatore Tringali, Marcello Imbriani, Paola Baiardi, Giorgio Bertolotti
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: A multidimensional self-report questionnaire to evaluate job-related stress factors is presented. The questionnaire, called Maugeri Stress Index - reduced form (MASI-R), aims to assess the impact of job strain on a team or on a single worker by considering four domains: wellness, resilience, perception of social support, and reactions to stressful situations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The reliability of a first longer version (47 items) of the questionnaire was evaluated by an internal consistency analysis and a confirmatory factor analysis...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381514/burnout-psychological-morbidity-job-stress-and-job-satisfaction-in-chinese-neurologists
#12
Xinyu Zhou, Juncai Pu, Xiaoni Zhong, Dan Zhu, Dinghong Yin, Lining Yang, Yuqing Zhang, Yuying Fu, Haiyang Wang, Peng Xie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of and personal and professional characteristics associated with burnout, psychological morbidity, job stress, and job satisfaction in Chinese neurologists. METHODS: The China Neurologist Association conducted a national cross-sectional study from September 2014 to March 2015. A questionnaire including the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the 12-item General Health Questionnaire, the Consultants' Mental Health Questionnaire, and questions assessing personal and professional characteristics, career satisfaction, and current doctor-patient relationships was administered...
April 5, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377806/job-stress-and-burnout-in-the-care-staff-of-leros-pikpa-asylum-25-years-after-the-first-deinstitutionalisation-and-rehabilitation-greek-project
#13
Anastasia Bougea, Manolis Kostas Kleisarchakis, Nikolaos Spantideas, Panagiota Voskou, Thomas Thomaides, George Chrousos, Sophia Andreas Belegri
Aims and method To identify correlates between burnout and job stress of care staff at Leros PIKPA Asylum. Forty-nine asylum employees were assessed by Maslach's Burnout Inventory, a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale and the Job Content Questionnaire. Results Emotional exhaustion is related negatively to social support (P = 0.010, r = -0.362). Lack of job achievements is related positively to overall job responsibility (P = 0.040) and negatively to lack of job satisfaction (r = -0.430)...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376612/marine-algicolous-endophytic-fungi-a-promising-drug-resource-of-the-era
#14
REVIEW
Manomi Sarasan, Jayesh Puthumana, Neema Job, Jeonghoon Han, Jae-Seong Lee, Rosamma Philip
Endophytic fungi have currently been acknowledged, as the most promising source of bioactive compounds for drug discovery and considerable progress has been made in exploring their diversity, species richness, and bioprospecting. Fungal endophytes from unique environmental settings offer a pool of potentially useful medicinal entities. Due to the constant stresses imposed on macroalgae by marine environment, it is believed that algae and their associated endophytic symbionts represent a good source of structurally diverse bioactive secondary metabolites...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371945/-linkage-between-promotion-of-employment-and-promotion-of-health-in-the-community-setting-results-of-the-pilot-project-of-the-federal-employment-agency-and-the-statutory-health-insurance
#15
Michael Bellwinkel, Karin Schreiner-Kürten, Kathrin Melzer
The Federal Employment Agency and the Statutory Health Insurance (GKV) have put the link between the promotion of employment and of health to the test by making a joint approach aiming to reach unemployed persons with preventive health services and to maintain or improve their employability. Specialist case workers (Integrationsfachkräfte) of the job centres conducted health consultations, motivating unemployed persons and raising their awareness of their own health as well as enabling them to access health promotion services of health insurance funds on a voluntary basis...
April 3, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367741/two-swedish-screening-instruments-for-exhaustion-disorder-cross-sectional-associations-with-burnout-work-stress-private-life-stress-and-personality-traits
#16
Roger Persson, Kai Österberg, Njördur Viborg, Peter Jönsson, Artur Tenenbaum
AIMS: To examine the relationships of two screening instruments recently developed for assessment of exhaustion disorder (ED) with some other well-known inventories intended to assess ED-related concepts and self-reports of job demands, job control, job support, private life stressors, and personality factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional population sample ( n = 1355) completed: the Karolinska Exhaustion Disorder Scale (KEDS), Self-reported Exhaustion Disorder Scale (s-ED), Shirom-Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ), Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9), Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ), Big Five Inventory (BFI), and items concerning family-to-work interference and stress in private life...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363266/a-qualitative-assessment-of-the-impact-of-handedness-among-left-handed-surgeons-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Mohamed S Zaghloul, Juliann Saquib, AbdulRahman Al-Mazrou, Nazmus Saquib
Among Muslims, the use of the left hand in daily activities is discouraged; many people believe that left-handed physicians lack the competency for surgery. The study aim was to document the experience of left-handed surgeons in Saudi Arabia and the impact of handedness on their training, job performance, collegial relationships, and career progression. This qualitative study included 9 left-handed physicians in various surgical specialties from 4 major hospitals in Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia. Face-to-face interviews using a semi-structured questionnaire were conducted...
March 31, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358841/is-task-shifting-a-solution-to-the-health-workers-shortage-in-northern-ghana
#18
Eunice Okyere, Lillian Mwanri, Paul Ward
OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences and perceptions of health workers and implementers of task-shifting in rural health facilities in Upper East Region, Ghana. METHODS: Data was collected through field interviews. A total of sixty eight (68) in-depth interviews were conducted with health workers' in primary health care facilities (health centres); Four in-depth interviews with key persons involved in staff management was conducted to understand how task-shifting is organised including its strengths and challenges...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358789/effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-and-incident-coronary-heart-disease-a-multi-cohort-study-of-90-164-individuals
#19
Nico Dragano, Johannes Siegrist, Solja T Nyberg, Thorsten Lunau, Eleonor I Fransson, Lars Alfredsson, Jakob B Bjorner, Marianne Borritz, Hermann Burr, Raimund Erbel, Göran Fahlén, Marcel Goldberg, Mark Hamer, Katriina Heikkilä, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Anders Knutsson, Ida E H Madsen, Martin L Nielsen, Maria Nordin, Tuula Oksanen, Jan H Pejtersen, Jaana Pentti, Reiner Rugulies, Paula Salo, Jürgen Schupp, Archana Singh-Manoux, Andrew Steptoe, Töres Theorell, Jussi Vahtera, Peter J M Westerholm, Hugo Westerlund, Marianna Virtanen, Marie Zins, G David Batty, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence for work stress as a risk factor for coronary heart disease is mostly based on a single measure of stressful work known as job strain, a combination of high demands and low job control. We examined whether a complementary stress measure that assesses an imbalance between efforts spent at work and rewards received predicted coronary heart disease. METHODS: This multi-cohort study (the 'IPD-Work' consortium) was based on harmonized individual-level data from 11 European prospective cohort studies...
March 27, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358572/advances-in-recovery-research-what-have-we-learned-what-should-be-done-next
#20
Sabine Sonnentag, Laura Venz, Anne Casper
Job-stress recovery during nonwork time is an important factor for employee well-being. This article reviews the recovery literature, starting with a brief historical overview. It provides a definition of recovery that differentiates between recovery as a process and recovery as an outcome. Empirical studies have shown that recovery activities (e.g., physical exercise) and recovery experiences (e.g., psychological detachment from work) are negatively associated with strain symptoms (e.g., exhaustion) and positively associated with positive well-being indicators (e...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
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