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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036873/fighting-against-a-shortage-of-truck-drivers-in-logistics-measures-that-employers-can-take-to-promote-drivers-work-ability-and-health
#1
Ulrike Staats, Daniela Lohaus, Alina Christmann, Michèle Woitschek
BACKGROUND: For several years, the transportation industry has been concerned about a severe shortage of professional truck drivers. Studies investigating the reasons found that poor working conditions and stresses and strains resulting from physiological and psychological job demands have had a negative impact on drivers' health and ability to work. Nevertheless, until now, most employers have refrained from offering measures to support the work ability and well-being of drivers, mainly due to financial pressures in the industry...
October 10, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036860/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-south-indian-hand-screen-printing-workers
#2
S Shankar, R Naveen Kumar, P Mohankumar, Srinivasan Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: Hand screen-printing (HSP) plays a predominant role in textile industries in developing countries. Workers from HSP industry were mostly affected by musculoskeletal injury due to monotonous, and prolonged work nature and poor workplace environment. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) symptoms and risk factors associated among the HSP industry workers. METHODS: Cochran's sample size for categorical data was used to select 385 HSP workers of 1000 samples from various provinces of Tamil Nadu, INDIA...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036545/rhizarthrosis-in-banknote-processing-workers-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
G Verrijdt, A De Landtsheer, A Mellen, L Godderis
Background: Rhizarthrosis, or osteoarthritis of the base of the thumb, is a common condition affecting 10-30% of the population over the age of 60. Whether it is an occupational disease has been the subject of debate as epidemiological studies on the correlation between physical stress and the presence of rhizarthrosis have shown conflicting results. Aims: To study the correlation between the prevalence of rhizarthrosis and the time spent by employees manually processing banknotes at the National Bank of Belgium (NBB)...
September 27, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035681/cervical-spine-disease-in-surgeons-performing-arthroscopy-or-laparoscopy
#4
Elizabeth P Norheim, Mary Helen Black, Eunis W Ngor, Jiaxiao M Shi, Marc R Safran, Ronald A Navarro
BACKGROUND: Minimal research exists regarding cervical spine disorders in surgeons who perform endoscopy. METHODS: A confidential on-line survey regarding neck pain (NP), spine disease (SD), and radiculopathy/myelopathy (R/M) was sent to 722 surgeons from a managed, group-based health care system. RESULTS: 415 responded. 361░had endoscopy experience, of whom 24.4% had NP, 20.8% SD, and 3.9% R/M. Most respondents were less than 50 years of age (62...
October 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033997/the-effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-stress-management-on-nurses-job-stress
#5
Jafar Shariatkhah, Zahra Farajzadeh, Kolsoom Khazaee
BACKGROUND: Job stress is a prevalent and costly problem in different working conditions. Stress can degrade care quality in nurses and elevate their willingness to leave the job. This study aimed to determine the effects of cognitive-behavioral stress management on nurses' job stress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study with a control group, 40 nurses from the educational hospitals in Birjand who had completed a job stress questionnaire with a score of more than 100 were selected and randomly allocated to two groups...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024973/re-employment-job-quality-health-and-allostatic-load-biomarkers-prospective-evidence-from-the-uk-household-longitudinal-study
#6
Tarani Chandola, Nan Zhang
Background: There is little evidence on whether becoming re-employed in poor quality work is better for health and well-being than remaining unemployed. We examined associations of job transition with health and chronic stress-related biomarkers among a population-representative cohort of unemployed British adults. Methods: A prospective cohort of 1116 eligible participants aged 35 to 75 years, who were unemployed at wave 1 (2009/10) of the UK Household Longitudinal Study, were followed up at waves 2 (2010/11) and 3 (2011/12) for allostatic load biomarkers and self-reported health...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021415/cerebrovascular-cardiovascular-diseases-and-mental-disorders-due-to-overwork-and-work-related-stress-among-local-public-employees-in-japan
#7
Takashi Yamauchi, Toru Yoshikawa, Takeshi Sasaki, Shun Matsumoto, Masaya Takahashi, Machi Suka, Hiroyuki Yanagisawa
In Japan, overwork-related disorders occur among local public employees as well as those in private businesses. However, to date, there are no studies reporting the state of compensation for cerebrovascular/cardiovascular diseases (CCVD) and mental disorders due to overwork or work-related stress among local public employees in Japan over multiple years. This report examined the recent trend of overwork-related CCVD and mental disorders, including the incidence rates of these disorders, among local public employees in Japan from the perspective of compensation for public accidents, using data from the Japanese Government and relevant organizations...
October 11, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019817/early-claim-modifiable-factors-associated-with-return-to-work-self-efficacy-among-workers-injured-at-work-are-there-differences-between-psychological-and-musculoskeletal-injuries
#8
Oliver Black, Malcolm R Sim, Alexander Collie, Peter Smith
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate modifiable early-injury factors which are associated with self-efficacy to return-to-work (RTW-SE) and explore whether these factors are different for people with psychological or upper-body musculoskeletal (UB-MSK) injuries. METHODS: The study used a sample of workers with a UB-MSK (N = 244) or psychological (N = 113) injury who were off work. Differences between injury types were investigated across variables related to: (1) communication with RTW stakeholders; and (2) components of the job itself...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018824/leadership-and-bullying-in-the-forestry-organization-of-turkey
#9
Mahmut M Bayramoğlu, Devlet Toksoy
It is observed that the importance of executive-employee relationships is continuously increasing in today's professional life in addition to the importance of leadership types of managers along with the efficiency of employees as well as the sufficiency of these people in their social relations. Communication of employees with one another and with their manager, along with their social relations, is among the most important factors that sustain an organization. Bullying is a kind of psychological terror that takes place in the form of repeated attacks among workers, as well as by the manager on the employees, aiming to instill stress, job dissatisfaction, and exhaustion on the employees...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018534/factors-related-to-work-and-life-satisfaction-of-veterinary-practitioners-in-germany
#10
Johanna C Kersebohm, Timo Lorenz, Anne Becher, Marcus G Doherr
OBJECTIVES: Veterinary practitioners' working situation is both challenging and changing. They have higher levels of work-related stress and suicide risk than the general population. The proportion of women is increasing, and in Germany especially women and employed veterinarians are reported to be less satisfied than comparable subgroups of the general population. In this study we identified key factors associated with work and life satisfaction among veterinary practitioners in Germany...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017558/stress-health-and-quality-of-life-of-female-migrant-domestic-workers-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
S G Anjara, L B Nellums, C Bonetto, T Van Bortel
BACKGROUND: There is a global increase in migrant workers. In Singapore, there are over 230,000 migrant domestic workers (MDWs). Female MDWs may experience high levels of stress and social isolation, which may negatively impact on their health and quality of life. There have also been documented cases of abuse and exploitation. However, there is a lack of empirical research with this population. This study aimed to investigate factors impacting on the health and quality of life of female MDWs in Singapore, including socio-demographic and job related characteristics, stress, social isolation, and working management style...
October 10, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017480/longitudinal-assessment-of-daily-activity-patterns-on-weight-change-after-involuntary-job-loss-the-adapt-study-protocol
#12
Patricia L Haynes, Graciela E Silva, George W Howe, Cynthia A Thomson, Emily A Butler, Stuart F Quan, Duane Sherrill, Molly Scanlon, Darlynn M Rojo-Wissar, Devan N Gengler, David A Glickenstein
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has identified obesity as one of the most visible and neglected public health problems worldwide. Meta-analytic studies suggest that insufficient sleep increases the risk of developing obesity and related serious medical conditions. Unfortunately, the nationwide average sleep duration has steadily declined over the last two decades with 25% of U.S. adults reporting insufficient sleep. Stress is also an important indirect factor in obesity, and chronic stress and laboratory-induced stress negatively impact sleep...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017453/positive-and-negative-outcomes-of-informal-caregiving-at-home-and-in-institutionalised-long-term-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Silke F Metzelthin, Ellen Verbakel, Marja Y Veenstra, Job van Exel, Antonius W Ambergen, Gertrudis I J M Kempen
BACKGROUND: Our ageing society is putting tremendous strain on public health and welfare programs to meet the needs of ageing individuals. Promoting informal caregiving is one way for policymakers to reduce this burden. However, caregiving may be experienced as stressful and is associated with adverse health consequences. While quite a lot of research focuses on caregiving for community-dwelling older adults, little is known about informal care in institutionalised long-term care (ILTC)...
October 10, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016953/sleep-problems-among-chinese-clinical-nurses-working-in-general-hospitals
#14
H Dong, Q Zhang, Z Sun, F Sang, Y Xu
Background: Epidemiological data evaluating sleep problems in clinical nurses in mainland China are scarce and an association between sleep problems and occupational stress has not been investigated. Aims: To assess the prevalence of sleep problems and associated factors and determine their association with occupational stress among clinical nurses in general hospitals. Methods: Nurses were selected through random cluster sampling. They answered a self-administered questionnaire, which included sociodemographic and occupational variables, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scoring system and the Job Content Questionnaire for evaluating occupational stress...
September 9, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016936/work-sharing-and-male-employees-mental-health-during-an-economic-recession
#15
M Nagae, M Sakamoto, E Horikawa
Background: One approach to reducing occupational stress during an economic recession is to share work amongst employees. This may include reducing employees' working hours to avoid redundancies. Aims: To examine whether work-sharing influenced the psychosocial work environment and depressive symptoms encountered by Japanese employees, and to determine which psychosocial factors predict employees' mental health during an economic recession. Methods: A survey was performed in a Japanese manufacturing company at the beginning (T1) and end (T2) of a 6-month period during the 2008 economic recession using the validated Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS)...
September 14, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016877/work-related-stress-assessed-by-a-text-message-single-item-stress-question
#16
B Arapovic-Johansson, C Wåhlin, L Kwak, C Björklund, I Jensen
Background: Given the prevalence of work stress-related ill-health in the Western world, it is important to find cost-effective, easy-to-use and valid measures which can be used both in research and in practice. Aims: To examine the validity and reliability of the single-item stress question (SISQ), distributed weekly by short message service (SMS) and used for measurement of work-related stress. Methods: The convergent validity was assessed through associations between the SISQ and subscales of the Job Demand-Control-Support model, the Effort-Reward Imbalance model and scales measuring depression, exhaustion and sleep...
August 18, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991808/are-workplace-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-work-related-injury-in-the-us-workforce-national-health-interview-survey-2010
#17
Yvonne Farnacio, Michael E Pratt, Elizabeth G Marshall, Judith M Graber
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial hazards in the workplace may adversely impact occupational and general health, including injury risk. METHODS: Among 16,417 adult workers in the 2010 National Health Interview Survey Occupational Health Supplement, weighted prevalence estimates were calculated for work-related injuries (WRI) and any injuries. The association between injury and psychosocial occupational hazards (job insecurity, work-family imbalance, hostile work environment) was assessed adjusting for sociodemographic and occupational factors...
October 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991605/exploring-nursing-intention-stress-and-professionalism-in-response-to-infectious-disease-emergencies-the-experience-of-local-public-hospital-nurses-during-the-2015-mers-outbreak-in-south-korea
#18
Namhee Oh, NamSoo Hong, Dong Hee Ryu, Sang Geun Bae, Sin Kam, Keon-Yeop Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine levels of stress and professionalism of nurses who provided nursing care during the 2015 Middle East respiratory syndrome outbreak based on their experience, to investigate the nurses' intention to respond to possible future outbreaks in relation to their experience during the outbreak, and to determine the relationship between the outbreak experience and nursing intention considering stress and professionalism. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was designed based on modifications of related questionnaires, and used to assess levels of stress, professionalism, and nursing intention according to participants' experiences during the outbreak...
September 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991274/riesgos-psicosociales-y-estr%C3%A3-s-como-predictores-del-burnout-en-m%C3%A3-dicos-internos-residentes-en-el-servicio-de-urgencias
#19
María Fernández-Prada, Joaquín González-Cabrera, Concepción Iribar-Ibabe, José María Peinado
Objetivo: Evaluar el estrés, los riesgos psicosociales asociados al puesto de trabajo y el burnout en un grupo de residentes en el servicio de urgencias; y analizar qué variables se relacionan y predicen mejor el burnout. Método: Estudio analítico y transversal en el que han participado 42 médicos internos residentes que hacen guardias en el servicio de urgencias del Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada. Se han utilizado la versión adaptada al español de la Perceived Stress Scale para evaluar el estrés, el Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) para valorar el desgaste profesional, y el cuestionario adaptado y baremado para la autoevaluación de riesgos psicosociales en el trabajo (CopSoQ-ISTAS21)...
2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991270/how-job-and-family-demands-impact-change-in-perceived-stress-a-dyadic-study
#20
Ewelina Smoktunowicz, Roman Cieślak
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this two-wave study has been to test the spillover and crossover of job and family demands on changes in perceived stress at work and in the family. Specifically, we proposed that demands from one domain (work or family) spilled over to another domain through interrrole conflict (work-family/family-work conflict) and context-specific self-efficacy. Additionally, we hypothesized that changes in perceived stress were impacted not only by a person's own demands through interrole conflict but also by the demands of one's significant other, in the process of crossover...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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