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job stress

Abid Choudry, Saeed Farooq
Aims and method To review the literature to examine the factors that may be affecting recruitment into psychiatry in the UK. We systematically searched four databases to identify studies from 1974 to 2016 and identified 27 papers that met the specified inclusion criteria. Results Most papers (n = 24) were based on questionnaire surveys. The population in all studies comprised of 1879 psychiatrists, 6733 students and 220 746 trainees. About 4-7% of students opt for a career in psychiatry. Enrichment activities helped to attract students more towards psychiatry than just total time spent in the specialty...
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
Kyung-Won Song, Won-Seok Choi, Hee-Jung Jee, Chi-Sung Yuh, Yong-Ku Kim, Leen Kim, Heon-Jeong Lee, Chul-Hyun Cho
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the degree of occupational stress and the clinical mental state of dentists. In addition, we investigated the correlation of occupational stress with depression, anxiety, and sleep among dentists in Korea. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey on 231 dentists was conducted using the Doctor Job Stress Scale, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), State-Trait Anxiety Index (STAI), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
December 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
Consuelo Arbona, Christine Pao, Amanda Long, Norma Olvera
Objective: To compare the prevalence of work-related protective and risk factors among Black and Latino male firefighters and to examine the association of these factors to perceived stress among both ethnic groups. Design Setting Participants: Participants included 1,036 male, career firefighters who self-identified as Black (n=477) or Latino (n=559) from a large fire department in a major metropolitan city in the southwestern United States. As part of a department-wide suicide prevention program conducted in 2008, participants completed an anonymous and voluntary mental health needs survey...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
Michelle L Pennington, Thomas P Carpenter, Samantha J Synett, Victoria A Torres, Jennifer Teague, Sandra B Morissette, Jeffrey Knight, Barbara W Kamholz, Terence M Keane, Rose T Zimering, Suzy B Gulliver
Introduction Firefighters represent an important population for understanding the consequences of exposure to potentially traumatic stressors. Hypothesis/Problem The researchers were interested in the effects of pre-employment disaster exposure on firefighter recruits' depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms during the first three years of fire service and hypothesized that: (1) disaster-exposed firefighters would have greater depression and PTSD symptoms than non-exposed overall; and (2) depression and PTSD symptoms would worsen over years in fire service in exposed firefighters, but not in their unexposed counterparts...
December 10, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Ellen Ernst Kossek, Rebecca J Thompson, Katie M Lawson, Todd Bodner, Matthew B Perrigino, Leslie B Hammer, Orfeu M Buxton, David M Almeida, Phyllis Moen, David A Hurtado, Brad Wipfli, Lisa F Berkman, Jeremy W Bray
Although job stress models suggest that changing the work social environment to increase job resources improves psychological health, many intervention studies have weak designs and overlook influences of family caregiving demands. We tested the effects of an organizational intervention designed to increase supervisor social support for work and nonwork roles, and job control in a results-oriented work environment on the stress and psychological distress of health care employees who care for the elderly, while simultaneously considering their own family caregiving responsibilities...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Hai-Ping Yu, You-Qing Peng, Yun-Ying Hung, Lin Zhou
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of immigrant nurses working in Shanghai, China. BACKGROUND: With the development of China, population growth has been accelerating. Simultaneously, the number of immigrant nurses in Shanghai has been increasing dramatically. Meanwhile, their turnover rate is abnormally high, primarily because of job concerns stemming from cultural differences. An understanding of immigrant nurses' job concerns caused by cultural differences can be used to help them to work more efficiently and cohesively...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Viviola Gómez
This Data in Brief (DiB) article presents a hierarchical multiple linear regression model that examine the associations between psychosocial work factors and risk behaviors at the wheel in Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) drivers (n=524). The data were collected using a structured self-administrable questionnaire made of measurements of wok stress (job strain and effort- reward imbalance), fatigue (need for recovery and chronic fatigue), psychological distress and demographics (professional driving experience, hours driven per day and days working per week)...
December 2017: Data in Brief
Meredith Mealer, Rachel Hodapp, David Conrad, Sona Dimidjian, Barbara O Rothbaum, Marc Moss
BACKGROUND: Workplace stress can affect job satisfaction, increase staff turnover and hospital costs, and reduce quality of patient care. Highly resilient nurses adapt to stress and use a variety of skills to cope effectively. OBJECTIVE: To gain data on a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy resilience intervention for intensive care unit nurses to see if the intervention program would be feasible and acceptable. METHODS: Focus-group interviews were conducted by videoconference with critical care nurses who were members of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses...
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
Maria Christodoulou-Fella, Nicos Middleton, Elizabeth D E Papathanassoglou, Maria N K Karanikola
Work-related moral distress (MD) and secondary traumatic stress syndrome (STSS) may be associated with compromised health status among health professionals, reduced productivity, and inadequate safety of care. We explored the association of MD with the severity of STSS symptoms, along with the mediating role of mental distress symptoms. Associations with emotional exhaustion and professional satisfaction were also assessed. This cross-sectional survey conducted in 206 mental health nurses (MHNs) was employed across public sector community and hospital settings in Cyprus...
2017: BioMed Research International
Monica Kunte, Priya Gupta, Sonali Bhattacharya, Netra Neelam
Purpose: This study examined the relationship of the organizational role stress: Role overload, role self-distance, and role stagnation with job satisfaction and turnover intention with a sample of banking employees in India. Methodology: In this research, we used the RODS scale developed by Prohit and Pareek (2010) for measuring occupational role scale. The reliability of the scale came out to be 0.71. Findings: The majority of employees of all ranks, in both private and public sector banks, suffer from high role stress of all types...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins
As other occupational risk factors, like noise, heat or some chemicals, stress at work may induce coronary heart disease. Occupational stress has several components and is usually measured using two different instruments: the Karasek model defines the job strain as the association between high constraints and low latitude at work, whereas the Siegrist model relies on the imbalance between efforts at work and rewards. It is now well established that occupational stress is an independent risk factor of coronary heart disease, the attributable risk fraction being about 3...
November 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
Peter G van der Velden, Ilaria Setti, Mark W G Bosmans, Ruud J A Muffels
OBJECTIVE: Examine the effects of potentially traumatic events (PTE), posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and coping self-efficacy (CSE) on post-event job satisfaction. METHODS: Repeated ANOVA was used to assess differences in the course of job satisfaction during one year between population-based samples of affected and non-affected workers. Multivariate regression analyses were conducted with pre-event health, job satisfaction and insecurity, and post-event PTSS and CSE as predictors...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Tarun K Mittal, Christine L Cleghorn, Janet E Cade, Suzanne Barr, Tim Grove, Paul Bassett, David A Wood, Kornelia Kotseva
Background A high prevalence of stress-related disorders is well known among healthcare professionals. We set out to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and compliance with national dietary and physical activity recommendations in NHS staff in the UK with comparison between clinical and non-clinical staff, and national surveys. Design A multi-centre cross-sectional study. Methods A web-based questionnaire was developed to include anonymised data on demographics, job role, cardiovascular risk factors and diseases, dietary habits, physical activity and barriers towards healthy lifestyle...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Rie Poulsen, Andreas Hoff, Jonas Fisker, Carsten Hjorthøj, Lene Falgaard Eplov
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are among the largest contributors to the global burden of disease and have negative effects on both the individual and society. Depression and anxiety are very likely to influence the individual's work ability, and up to 40% of the people on sick leave in Denmark have depression and/or anxiety. There is no clear evidence that treatment alone will provide sufficient support for vocational recovery in this group. Integrated vocational and health care services have shown good effects on return to work in other, similar welfare contexts...
December 2, 2017: Trials
Won Ju Hwang, Jin Ah Kim, Sally H Rankin
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the psychiatric diseases with a high prevalence rate, globally, and reportedly more prevalent among women than among men. Especially, women workers working at traditional markets are in depressive conditions without occupational health services. The purpose of this study is to investigate factors having a significant effect on the depressive symptoms of women workers at traditional markets in South Korea. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was used and subjects for the present study were 500 female workers in three selected representative traditional marketplaces in South Korea...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Thorsten Lunau, Morten Wahrendorf, Andreas Müller, Bradley Wright, Nico Dragano
Objectives There is now convincing evidence that psychosocial work stressors are linked to depression. Few studies, however, have tested if individual resources can buffer the longitudinal effects of psychosocial work stressors on depressive symptoms. This study investigates how two types of resources (internal and external resources) affect the association between psychosocial work stressors and depressive symptoms. Methods Data were obtained from the US Health and Retirement Study, with baseline information on psychosocial work stressors [job strain and effort-reward imbalance (ERI)] and on internal ("high mastery" and "low constraints") and external resources ("private social support") among initially healthy workers...
November 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Yigizie Yeshaw, Andualem Mossie
Background: Worldwide, approximately 450 million people suffer from mental disorders. Of these, approximately 150 million are affected with depression. Depression, anxiety, and stress have an impact on productivity, motivation to work, sleep behavior of the individual, and outcome of different chronic diseases. However, till date, there are no studies which evaluated mental health problems among university staff in Ethiopia. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to assess the prevalence of depression, anxiety, stress, and their associated factors among Jimma University staff...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Helena Schiller, Mats Lekander, Kristiina Rajaleid, Carina Hellgren, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Peter Barck-Holst, Göran Kecklund
OBJECTIVES: A 25% reduction of weekly work hours for full-time employees has been shown to improve sleep and alertness and reduce stress during both workdays and days off. The aim of the present study was to investigate how employees use their time during such an intervention: does total workload (paid and non-paid work) decrease, and recovery time increase, when work hours are reduced? METHODS: Full-time employees within the public sector (n=636; 75% women) were randomised into intervention group and control group...
November 28, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Audrey Blanc-Lapierre, Marie-Claude Rousseau, Marie-Elise Parent
Background: Evidence is lacking regarding the potential role of chronic psychological stress on cancer incidence. The workplace is reported to be the main source of stress among Canadian men. We examined the association between perceived lifetime workplace stress and prostate cancer (PCa) risk in a large case-control study. Methods: Cases were 1,933 men, aged ≤ 75 years, newly diagnosed with PCa in 2005-2009 across hospitals in Montreal, Canada. Concurrently, 1994 population controls frequency-matched on age were randomly selected from the electoral list based on cases' residential districts...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
Cecilie Thogersen-Ntoumani, Julie Black, Magnus Lindwall, Anna Whittaker, George M Balanos
This study used a person-centred approach to explore typologies of older manual workers based on presenteeism, stress resilience, and physical activity. Older manual workers (n = 217; 69.1% male; age range 50-77; M age = 57.11 years; SD = 5.62) from a range of UK-based organisations, representing different manual job roles, took part in the study. A cross-sectional survey design was used. Based on the three input variables: presenteeism, stress resilience and physical activity, four distinct profiles were identified on using Latent Profile Analysis...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
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