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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821528/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-adult-victims-of-cluster-munitions-in-lebanon-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#1
Jawad Fares, Souheil Gebeily, Mohamad Saad, Hayat Harati, Sanaa Nabha, Najwane Said, Mohamad Kanso, Ronza Abdel Rassoul, Youssef Fares
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the short-term and long-term prevalence and effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among victims of cluster munitions. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective 10-year longitudinal study that took place in Lebanon. PARTICIPANTS: Two-hundred-and-forty-four Lebanese civilian victims of submunition blasts, who were injured in 2006 and were over 18 years old, were interviewed. Included were participants who had been diagnosed with PTSD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) and the PTSD Checklist - Civilian Version in 2006...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820860/not-extent-of-telecommuting-but-job-characteristics-as-proximal-predictors-of-work-related-well-being
#2
Tinne Vander Elst, Ronny Verhoogen, Maarten Sercu, Anja Van den Broeck, Elfi Baillien, Lode Godderis
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the curvilinear relationship between extent of telecommuting and work-related well-being (ie, burnout, work engagement, and cognitive stress complaints), as well as to test whether job characteristics act as explanatory mechanisms underlying this relationship. METHODS: A sample of 878 employees from an international telecommunication company with a long history of telecommuting participated in a survey on psychosocial risk factors and well-being at work...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819083/the-forgotten-realm-of-the-new-and-emerging-psychosocial-risk-factors
#3
Francesco Chirico
In Europe, employers of all private and public enterprises have a legal obligation to protect their employers by all the different types of workplace hazards to the safety and health of workers. The most important methods developed for the work-related stress risk assessment are based on the Cox's research commissioned by European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) and are the Management Standard HSE for work-related stress in United Kingdom, the START method in Germany, the Screening, Observation, Analysis, Expertise (SOBANE) in Belgium, and the National Institute for Prevention and Safety at Work (INAIL-ISPESL) model in Italy, the latter based on the British Management Standard...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813286/effects-of-job-stress-on-family-relationships
#4
REVIEW
Rena Repetti, Shu-Wen Wang
In the short-term, daily job stressors influence family interactions through their impact on the employed person's mood, thoughts, and coping behaviors. In the long-term, family relationships can be shaped by those experiences in both positive and negative ways. Some spouse 'cross-over' effects appear to represent accommodations of the employed partner under stress-for instance, a spouse's increased provision of social support and involvement with children-and are evidence of dynamics that go beyond a simple and direct transfer of stress from work to home...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813030/an-overview-of-factors-associated-with-adherence-to-lifestyle-modification-programs-for-weight-management-in-adults
#5
REVIEW
Alice W Y Leung, Ruth S M Chan, Mandy M M Sea, Jean Woo
This review aims to provide an overview of the factors associated with adherence reported in existing literature on lifestyle modification programs for weight management among the adult population. An electronic search was performed using PubMed, Medline, PsycINFO and PsycARTICLE to identify studies that examined the factors of adherence to lifestyle modification programs with explicit definition of adherence indicators. We identified 19 studies published between 2004 and 2016. The most commonly used indicator of adherence was attrition, followed by attendance, self-monitoring and dietary adherence...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811913/burnout-and-psychiatric-morbidity-among-doctors-in-the-uk-a-systematic-literature-review-of-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#6
REVIEW
Udemezue O Imo
Aims and method To systematically review the prevalence and associated factors of burnout and stress-related psychiatric disorders among UK doctors. An extensive search was conducted of PubMed, EBSCOhost and British medical journals for studies published over a 20-year span measuring the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity (using the General Health Questionnaire) and burnout (using the Maslach Burnout Inventory). Results Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity ranged from 17 to 52%. Burnout scores for emotional exhaustion ranged from 31 to 54...
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809866/-employee-wellbeing-in-a-university-department-italy
#7
Alessandra Sinopoli, Cristina Sestili, Bruno Lojodice, Sabina Sernia, Alice Mannocci, Maria De Giusti, Paolo Villari, Giuseppe La Torre
A serene workplace environment can provide significant benefits to employees. The aim of the present study was to assess wellbeing of employees in a university department, by administering validated questionnaires (Karasek and INAIL) and to determine any similarities and / or differences. The sample consisted of 48 employees (22.9 % male and 77.1% female) in various job categories including doctors, biologists, nurses, and technical and administrative staff. Results obtained from the Karasek questionnaire allowed us to calculate the values of Decision latidude and Job demand...
May 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806863/influence-of-gender-working-field-and-psychosocial-factors-on-the-vulnerability-for-burnout-in-mental-hospital-staff-results-of-an-austrian-cross-sectional-study
#8
Petra Schadenhofer, Michael Kundi, Heidemarie Abrahamian, Harald Stummer, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
INTRODUCTION: According to the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA), hospitals represent a work environment with high job strain. Prolonged perceived occupational stress may result in symptoms of burnout, such as emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). Understanding which factors may reduce vulnerability for burnout is an important requirement for well-targeted occupational stress prevention in mental hospital staff...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801411/exploring-newly-qualified-doctors-workplace-stressors-an-interview-study-from-australia
#9
Victoria R Tallentire, Samantha E Smith, Adam D Facey, Laila Rotstein
PURPOSE: Postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) doctors suffer from high levels of psychological distress, yet the contributory factors are poorly understood. This study used an existing model of workplace stress to explore the elements most pertinent to PGY1 doctors. In turn, the data were used to amend and refine the conceptual model to better reflect the unique experiences of PGY1 doctors. METHOD: Focus groups were undertaken with PGY1 doctors working at four different health services in Victoria, Australia...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797258/work-stress-associated-cool-down-reactions-among-nurses-and-hospital-physicians-and-their-relation-to-burnout-symptoms
#10
Arndt Büssing, Zarah Falkenberg, Carina Schoppe, Daniela Rodrigues Recchia, Désirée Poier
BACKGROUND: Hospital staff experience high level of work stress and they have to find strategies to adapt and react to it. When they perceive emotional exhaustion and job dissatisfaction in response to constant work stress, one reaction might be emotional withdrawal. This emotional distancing can be seen as an adaptive strategy to keep 'functionality' in the job. Both, perception of emotional exhaustion and emotional distancing as a strategy, can be operationalized as 'Cool Down'. We assume that work stress associated variables are positively associated with Cool Down reactions, while internal and external resources are negatively associated and might function as a buffer against emotional distancing...
August 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796079/alarm-bells-ring-suicide-among-chinese-physicians-a-strobe-compliant-study
#11
Yu Wang, Lei Liu, Hongbin Xu
To our surprise, there were 2 Chinese doctors who committed suicide in the last 2 months. What are the reasons for more and more Chinese doctors to commit suicide?We present 18 cases of China's physicians who committed suicide.We summarized the main reasons for the suicide of Chinese doctors from 2004 to 2017, and the main causes included clinical working stress, Job title promotion requirements stress, tension between the doctors and patients, and shying away from necessary treatment of their illness.It is a cruel fact that more and more physicians died of suicide in China...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795975/the-allure-of-tenure
#12
Katherine J Gold
The tenure track is a common career path for clinician-scientists who focus on research, but it comes at a life stage in which there are multiple competing personal and academic demands. The stakes for tenure review are high, with pretenure faculty at many institutions facing job loss if they are denied tenure. In academic medicine, the exacting requirements and intense demands of the tenure track frequently merge with a physician population carrying high and even unreasonable personal self-expectations of achievement...
August 8, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795227/decrease-in-work-ability-index-and-sickness-absence-during-the-following-year-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#13
Masanori Ohta, Yoshiyuki Higuchi, Masaharu Kumashiro, Hiroshi Yamato, Hisamichi Sugimura
PURPOSE: Using a 2-year follow-up design, we examined whether changes in work ability during 1 year predicted sickness absence in the following year. METHODS: Workers (N = 1408) from the Japanese information technology sector each completed the Work Ability Index (WAI), the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ), and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) in 2011 and 2012. Absence data during 2013 was obtained from employees' computerized attendance records. We used psychological distress as evaluated by the GHQ; job stress and job support calculated using the BJSQ; and job title, sex, and age as potential confounding variables...
August 9, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793335/estimation-of-sickness-absenteeism-among-italian-healthcare-workers-during-seasonal-influenza-epidemics
#14
Maria Michela Gianino, Gianfranco Politano, Antonio Scarmozzino, Lorena Charrier, Marco Testa, Sebastian Giacomelli, Alfredo Benso, Carla Maria Zotti
OBJECTIVES: To analyze absenteeism among healthcare workers (HCWs) at a large Italian hospital and to estimate the increase in absenteeism that occurred during seasonal flu periods. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. METHODS: The absenteeism data were divided into three "epidemic periods," starting at week 42 of one year and terminating at week 17 of the following year (2010-2011, 2011-2012, 2012-2013), and three "non-epidemic periods," defined as week 18 to week 41 and used as baseline data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790544/factors-associated-with-hemodialysis-machine-dependency
#15
Maria Polikandrioti, Ioannis Koutelekos, Georgia Gerogianni, Spyridoula Stefanidou, Vasilis Kyriakopoulos, Eirini Floraki, Fotoula Babatsikou
INTRODUCTION: Hemodialysis is one of major stresses in patients' daily lives since there is no other path for life maintenance but to accept the machine and its' related rules. PURPOSE: of this study was to explore factors associated with dependency on dialysis machine as reported by the patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample of the study included 250 patients undergoing hemodialysis. For data collection a questionnaire specially designed for the needs of the research was used...
April 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789797/the-interplay-between-emotional-exhaustion-common-mental-disorders-functioning-and-health-care-use-in-the-working-population
#16
Marlous Tuithof, Margreet Ten Have, Aartjan Beekman, Saskia van Dorsselaer, Marloes Kleinjan, Wilmar Schaufeli, Ron de Graaf
OBJECTIVES: Previous research established that emotional exhaustion - the often assumed core dimension of burnout - diminishes job-related functioning, but knowledge of its association with functioning and health care utilization is largely lacking. Moreover, as exhaustion frequently co-occurs with mood and anxiety disorders (i.e. common mental disorders (CMD)), the question should be addressed whether these associations hold after adjustment for CMD, and whether CMD intensifies the burden of exhaustion...
September 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782098/measuring-generalised-expectancies-for-negative-mood-regulation-in-china-the-chinese-language-negative-mood-regulation-scale
#17
Guofang Wang, Jack Mearns, Xiaohui Yang, Peng Han, Salvatore J Catanzaro
Negative mood regulation expectancies (NMRE) represent people's confidence that they can alleviate their negative affect or induce a positive emotional state through thought or action. NMRE predict coping behaviour and mood outcomes for individuals under stress. Since 1990, much research documents the reliability and validity of the English language Negative Mood Regulation (NMR) scale as a measure of NMRE. The current research reports two studies developing a Chinese language translation of the NMR (NMR-C) scale that goes beyond literal translation to be a culturally sensitive measure of NMRE in China...
August 6, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780817/-relationship-between-occupational-stress-recovery-experience-and-physiological-health-of-nurses-in-a-municipal-grade-a-tertiary-hospital
#18
L He, C L Zhang, T Yang, Y J Lan
Objective: To examine the relationship between recovery experience, occupational stress, and physiological health of nurses in a municipal grade A tertiary hospital. Methods: A total of 296 in-service nurses from 7 municipal grade A tertiary hospitals were selected from October 2015 to February 2016. Individual characteristics of the subjects were collected using a self-made questionnaire. The recovery experience, occupational stress, and physiological health of the subjects were assessed based on the physiological health dimensions in the Chinese version of Recovery Experience Questionnaire (REQ-C) , Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) , and Quality of Work Life (QWL7-32) ...
June 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780567/association-between-childhood-health-socioeconomic-and-school-related-factors-and-effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-a-25-year-follow-up-study
#19
Shuo Wang, Kristy Sanderson, Alison Venn, Terence Dwyer, Seana Gall
OBJECTIVES: Stress pathways can have origins in childhood, but few early predictors have been explored in relation to adult job stress. This study examined whether childhood school, health or socioeconomic factors were associated with adult job stress. METHODS: Data came from the Childhood Determinants of Adult Health study that began in 1985 with children aged 7-15 years who reported effortreward imbalance (ERI) scales at ages 31-41 years. Linear regression assessed the association between childhood factors and adult ERI adjusted for age and socioeconomic position (SEP) in childhood and adulthood...
August 5, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777812/workplace-social-support-in-job-satisfaction-among-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-a-preliminary-correlational-study
#20
J I Harris, Thad Q Strom, Amanda G Ferrier-Auerbach, Matthew E Kaler, Lucas P Hansen, Christopher R Erbes
For Veterans managing PTSD symptoms, returning to vocational functioning is often challenging; identifying modifiable variables that can contribute to positive vocational adjustment is critical to improved vocational rehabilitation services. Workplace social support has proven to be important in vocational adjustment in both general population and vocational rehabilitation samples, but this area of inquiry has received little attention among Veterans with PTSD symptoms. In this small correlational study, employed Veterans (N = 63) presenting for outpatient PTSD treatment at a VA Health Care System completed surveys assessing demographic variables, PTSD symptoms, workplace social support, and job satisfaction...
2017: PloS One
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