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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326108/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-of-north-korean-refugees-service-providers
#1
Yeunhee Joyce Kim
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated the burnout and secondary traumatic stress of service providers for North Korean (NK) refugees based on the conceptual framework of theJob Demands-Resources (JD-R) model of workplace burnout. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-administered survey was conducted with a national sample consisting of all 63 organizations in direct services to North Korean refugees. Of the estimated total number of 230 service providers comprising of social workers, psychotherapists, job counselors and paraprofessional counselors, 179 completed the survey, a 77...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323556/psychometric-properties-of-the-alcohol-use-disorders-identification-test-consumption-audit-c-in-public-first-responders
#2
Hyeonseok S Jeong, Shinwon Park, Soo Mee Lim, Jiyoung Ma, Ilhyang Kang, Jungyoon Kim, Eui-Jung Kim, Yejee J Choi, Jae-Ho Lim, Yong-An Chung, In Kyoon Lyoo, Sujung Yoon, Jieun E Kim
Problematic alcohol consumption is prevalent among first responders because alcohol is commonly used to cope with occupational stress and frequent exposure to traumatic incidents, making them an at-risk population for alcohol use disorders (AUD). This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C) among public first responders. The Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV-Text Revision (SCID), AUDIT-C, AUDIT, and CAGE were administered to 222 public first responders, who were recruited by convenience sampling...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323103/cr-vi-induces-cytotoxicity-in-vitro-through-activation-of-ros-mediated-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-via-the-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#3
Yujing Zhang, Fang Xiao, Xinmin Liu, Kaihua Liu, Xiaoxin Zhou, Caigao Zhong
The occupational and environmental toxicant hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] can cause severe damage to the liver; however, the exact mechanisms associated with its toxicity have not been thoroughly demonstrated. In the present study, the underlying mechanisms of Cr(VI)-induced hepatotoxicity were investigated. Our results showed that Cr(VI) inhibited the growth and proliferation of L-02 hepatocytes. Further study revealed that Cr(VI) significantly induced S-phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis accompanying with the overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
March 17, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322987/an-experimental-examination-of-the-effort-reward-imbalance-model-of-occupational-stress-increased-financial-reward-is-related-to-reduced-stress-physiology
#4
Kathleen Landolt, Emma O'Donnell, Agnes Hazi, Nico Dragano, Bradley J Wright
Effort-reward imbalance in the workplace is linked to a variety of negative health and organisational outcomes, but it has rarely been assessed experimentally. We manipulated reward (while keeping effort constant) in a within-subjects design with female participants (N= 60) who were randomly assigned to high and standard reward conditions within a simulated office environment. Self-report, behavioural (task performance), and physiological (heart rate variability, salivary alpha amylase) measures assessed the impact of increased financial reward...
March 16, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320639/exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-volatile-organic-compounds-among-recently-pregnant-rural-guatemalan-women-cooking-and-heating-with-solid-fuels
#5
John R Weinstein, Renée Asteria-Peñaloza, Anaité Diaz-Artiga, Gilberto Davila, S Katharine Hammond, Ian T Ryde, Joel N Meyer, Neal Benowitz, Lisa M Thompson
BACKGROUND: Household air pollution is a major contributor to death and disability worldwide. Over 95% of rural Guatemalan households use woodstoves for cooking or heating. Woodsmoke contains carcinogenic or fetotoxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Increased PAHs and VOCs have been shown to increase levels of oxidative stress. OBJECTIVE: We examined PAH and VOC exposures among recently pregnant rural Guatemalan women exposed to woodsmoke and compared exposures to levels seen occupationally or among smokers...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318462/the-epidemiology-of-operation-stress-during-continuing-promise-2011-a-humanitarian-response-and-disaster-relief-mission-aboard-a-us-navy-hospital-ship
#6
William T Scouten, Melissa L Mehalick, Elizabeth Yoder, Andrea McCoy, Tracy Brannock, Mark S Riddle
Introduction Operational stress describes individual behavior in response to the occupational demands and tempo of a mission. The stress response of military personnel involved in combat and peace-keeping missions has been well-described. The spectrum of effect on medical professionals and support staff providing humanitarian assistance, however, is less well delineated. Research to date concentrates mainly on shore-based humanitarian missions. Problem The goal of the current study was to document the pattern of operational stress, describe factors responsible for it, and the extent to which these factors impact job performance in military and civilian participants of Continuing Promise 2011 (CP11), a ship-based humanitarian medical mission...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316966/bilateral-femoral-neck-stress-fracture-presented-with-unilateral-symptoms-in-a-shipman-laborer-a-case-report
#7
Asep Santoso, Sang-Don Joo, Dong-Hyun Lee, Young-Jun Seol, Kyung-Soon Park, Taek-Rim Yoon
Femoral neck stress fracture occured commonly in athlete and military recruit populations, some of them are bilateral. Bilateral femoral neck stress fracture that associated with other occupation is very uncommon. We report a bilateral femoral neck stress fracture case that presented with unilateral symptoms in a male shipman laborer. The patient was successfully treated conservatively. Stress fracture sometimes occur associated with an unexpected specific occupation. Consideration of bilateral involvement is highly important in managing stress fracture...
March 2017: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314552/effects-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-occupational-functioning-and-health-care-utilization-in-individuals-with-anxiety
#8
Elizabeth A Hoge, Brittany M Guidos, Mihriye Mete, Eric Bui, Mark H Pollack, Naomi M Simon, Mary Ann Dutton
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of mindfulness meditation on occupational functioning in individuals with Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). METHODS: Fifty-seven individuals with GAD (mean (SD) age=39 (13); 56% women) participated in an 8-week clinical trial in which they were randomized to mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) or an attention control class. In this secondary analysis, absenteeism, entire workdays missed, partial workdays missed, and healthcare utilization patterns were assessed before and after treatment...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304316/perspectives-and-attitudes-of-pediatricians-concerning-post-discharge-care-practice-of-premature-infants
#9
A Gad, E Parkinson, N Khawar, A Elmeki, P Narula, D Hoang
OBJECTIVE: Survival rates of premature infants are at a historical high and increasingly more pediatricians are caring for former premature infants. The goal of this study was to describe the perspectives and attitudes of pediatricians, as well as, the challenges of rendering post-neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge care for premature infants. METHODS: An anonymous 22-question web-based survey was emailed to pediatricians who are current members of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and practicing in Kings County, New York...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300048/cardiovascular-responses-to-millet-pounding-activity-among-women-in-a-rural-community-in-northeastern-nigeria
#10
Adetoyeje Y Oyeyemi, Fati Jajimaji, Adewale L Oyeyemi, Abdul-Hameed A Jabbo
BACKGROUND: Pounding food items in a wooden mortal is a common home chore in many communities in African and Asian countries. However, no empirical data exist on energy expenditure during this activity, and whether the activity can be considered a light, moderate, or vigorous intensity physical activity is unknown. PURPOSE: This study was aimed at gaining insights into energy expenditure during millet pounding through cardiovascular responses to millet pounding activity, and to explore possible differences in response between women who pound millet as their occupation (habitual millet pounders) and those who pound millet only for their own home cooking but not as a job (nonhabitual pounders)...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299214/occupational-neurobrucellosis-mimicking-a-brain-tumor-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Dina Abdulghani, Roiya Farhan, Raghad Algahtani
Brucellosis is a zoonotic bacterial infection which is transmitted to humans from infected animals and is endemic in many parts of the world including Saudi Arabia. In this article, we report a case of occupational neurobrucellosis that presented with a space-occupying lesion mimicking a brain tumor. We stress on the importance of obtaining detailed social history including occupation to reach the diagnosis in several conditions including brucellosis. We also stress on taking universal precautions when handling any specimens...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298760/the-effectiveness-of-intravenous-dexmedetomidine-on-perioperative-hemodynamics-analgesic-requirement-and-side-effects-profile-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-surgery-under-general-anesthesia
#12
Vinayak Panchgar, Akshaya N Shetti, H B Sunitha, Vithal K Dhulkhed, A V Nadkarni
BACKGROUND: There is an upward surge in the use of laparoscopic surgeries due to various advantages when compared to open surgeries. Major advantages are, due to small incisions which are cosmetically acceptable and most of them are now daycare procedures. Problem of economic burden and hospital bed occupancy has been overcome with laparoscopic surgeries. All these advantages are not free from disadvantages, as hemodynamic changes such as hypertension; tachycardia and other surgical-related complications are commonly observed intraoperatively...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296886/subsequent-biotic-crises-delayed-marine-recovery-following-the-late-permian-mass-extinction-event-in-northern-italy
#13
William J Foster, Silvia Danise, Gregory D Price, Richard J Twitchett
The late Permian mass extinction event was the largest biotic crisis of the Phanerozoic and has the longest recovery interval of any extinction event. It has been hypothesised that subsequent carbon isotope perturbations during the Early Triassic are associated with biotic crises that impeded benthic recovery. We test this hypothesis by undertaking the highest-resolution study yet made of the rock and fossil records of the entire Werfen Formation, Italy. Here, we show that elevated extinction rates were recorded not only in the Dienerian, as previously recognised, but also around the Smithian/Spathian boundary...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295980/mental-health-status-and-its-predictors-among-call-center-employees-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Hyunjin Oh, Heyeon Park, Sunjoo Boo
In this study, we assessed the mental health of Korean call center employees and investigated the potential predictors of their mental health status. A cross-sectional study using self-completing questionnaire was conducted for employees working for a credit card call center. A total of 306 call center employees completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, the Emotion Labor Scale, and the Korean Occupational Stress Scale. The results showed that more than half of the participants reported high levels of depression, anxiety, and stress...
March 15, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291484/post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-united-states-air-force-aeromedical-evacuation-nurses-and-technicians
#15
Julie M Swearingen, Tanya M Goodman, Wayne L Chappelle, William T Thompson
Critical Care Air Transport Teams (CCATT) are specialized military medical personnel who provide high-acuity care in an aeromedical environment. The rate of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms was assessed in CCATT personnel and their rates were compared to general aeromedical evacuation (AE) personnel. As part of a computer-based occupational stress survey, 188 crew members (138 AE nurses and technicians, 50 CCATT nurses and respiratory therapists) completed the PTSD Checklist - Military Version...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290941/professional-stress-and-burnout-in-u-s-military-medical-personnel-deployed-to-afghanistan
#16
Amy B Adler, Amanda L Adrian, Marla Hemphill, Nicole H Scaro, Maurice L Sipos, Jeffrey L Thomas
BACKGROUND: Studies of medical staff members have consistently documented high levels of burnout compared to those in other professions. Although there are studies of burnout in military medical staff, there are gaps in understanding the experience of medical staff while they are deployed and few occupationally-related factors associated with decreased burnout have been identified in this population. PURPOSE: To assess work-related variables accounting for burnout over and above rank, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and professional stressors in the deployed environment...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287017/oxidative-stress-and-gsts-genetic-polymorphisms-in-medical-staff-professionally-exposed-to-ionizing-radiation
#17
Hajer Doukali, Ghada Ben Salah, Latifa Hamdaoui, Mounira Hajjaji, Mouna Tabebi, Leila Ammar-Keskes, Mohamed-Elarbi Masmoudi, Hassen Kamoun
PURPOSE: Ionizing radiation (IR) is considered as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool in medicine. However, chronic occupational exposure of medical staff to IR may affect the antioxidant status and, as result, DNA damage and cancers as well. The objective of our study was to evaluate the oxidative stress profile caused by IR in 29 Tunisian medical staff from radiology and radiotherapy departments, and to find an association between the GSTM1null, GSTT1null, and GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphisms and oxidative stress biomarkers...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284701/visualizing-stressful-aspects-of-repetitive-motion-tasks-and-opportunities-for-ergonomic-improvements-using-computer-vision
#18
Runyu L Greene, David P Azari, Yu Hen Hu, Robert G Radwin
Patterns of physical stress exposure are often difficult to measure, and the metrics of variation and techniques for identifying them is underdeveloped in the practice of occupational ergonomics. Computer vision has previously been used for evaluating repetitive motion tasks for hand activity level (HAL) utilizing conventional 2D videos. The approach was made practical by relaxing the need for high precision, and by adopting a semi-automatic approach for measuring spatiotemporal characteristics of the repetitive task...
March 9, 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284375/toward-a-comprehensive-hypothesis-of-chronic-interstitial-nephritis-in-agricultural-communities
#19
REVIEW
Carlos Manuel Orantes-Navarro, Raúl Herrera-Valdés, Miguel Almaguer-López, Laura López-Marín, Xavier Fernando Vela-Parada, Marcelo Hernandez-Cuchillas, Lilly M Barba
Over the past 20 years, there has been an increase in chronic interstitial nephritis in agricultural communities (CINAC) not associated with traditional risk factors. This disease has become an important public health problem and is observed in several countries in Central America and Asia. CINAC predominantly affects young male farmers between the third and fifth decades of life with women, children, and adolescents less often affected. Clinically, CINAC behaves like a chronic tubulointerstitial nephropathy but with systemic manifestations not attributable to kidney disease...
March 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281400/evaluation-of-thiol-disulphide-homeostasis-in-radiation-workers
#20
Ural Koc, Sinan Tan, Ahmet Goktug Ertem, Mehmet Gumus, Betul Ozbek, Ozcan Erel
PURPOSE: To evaluate a novel, easily calculated, readily available, and relatively cheap oxidative stress marker, thiol-disulphide homeostasis, in radiation workers and compare the results with healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 108 participants were enrolled in the study. The study population included 63 hospital workers occupationally exposed to ionizing radiation in the units of interventional radiology, interventional cardiology and nuclear medicine...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
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