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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333764/education-is-the-strongest-socioeconomic-predictor-of-smoking-in-pregnancy
#1
Juho Härkönen, Matti Lindberg, Linnea Karlsson, Hasse Karlsson, Noora M Scheinin
AIMS: To investigate socioeconomic disparities in smoking in pregnancy (SIP) by the mother's education, occupational class, and current economic conditions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis with linked survey and register data. SETTING: South-Western Finland. PARTICIPANTS: 2,667 pregnant women (70% of the original sample (N=3,808)) from FinnBrain, a prospective pregnancy cohort study. MEASUREMENTS: The outcome was smoking during the first pregnancy trimester, measured from the Finnish Medical Birth Register...
January 14, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331707/the-mediation-effect-of-ptsd-perceived-job-stress-and-resilience-on-the-relationship-between-trauma-exposure-and-the-development-of-depression-and-alcohol-use-problems-in-korean-firefighters-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Johanna Inhyang Kim, Heyeon Park, Jeong-Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Firefighters constitute a high-risk group for depression and alcohol use disorders (AUDs) due to frequent exposure to trauma. Perceived job stress and resilience are powerful factors affecting the occurrence of depression and AUDs; however, research on this subject is scarce. METHODS: We investigated the relationship of perceived job stress and resilience with depression or AUDs in firefighters. A total of 7151 Korean firefighters were included for analysis...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328681/seizures-among-active-component-service-members-u-s-armed-forces-2007-2016
#3
Julie A Bytnar, Shauna Stahlman, Saixia Ying
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a known risk factor for seizures. Evidence also shows that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with seizures, but the relationship in the absence of TBI remains unclear. This retrospective study spanning 2007-2016 separately quantifies the rates of seizures diagnosed among deployed and non-deployed active component military service members to understand the factors associated with seizures and whether they differ in deployed settings. Higher rates of seizures were associated with service members who were in the Army or Marine Corps; female; black; younger; lower enlisted; in a combat-specific, armor/motor transport, or healthcare occupation; and who had no more than one previous deployment...
December 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327214/interaction-effect-of-job-insecurity-and-role-ambiguity-on-psychological-distress-in-japanese-employees-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Akiomi Inoue, Norito Kawakami, Hisashi Eguchi, Akizumi Tsutsumi
PURPOSE: We examined the interaction effect of job insecurity (JI) and role ambiguity (RA) on psychological distress in Japanese employees. METHODS: Overall, 2184 male and 805 female employees from two factories of a manufacturing company in Japan completed a self-administered questionnaire comprising the scales measuring JI (Job Content Questionnaire), RA (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Generic Job Stress Questionnaire), psychological distress (K6 scale), and potential confounders (i...
January 11, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326042/keratin-13-gene-is-epigenetically-suppressed-during-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-a-human-keratinocyte-cell-line
#5
Mitsutoki Hatta, Yuki Miyake, Kunitoshi Uchida, Jun Yamazaki
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a biological event in which epithelial cells lose their polarity and cell-cell adhesions and concomitantly acquire mesenchymal traits, and is thought to play an important role in pathological processes such as wound healing and cancer progression. In this study, we evaluated transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1-treated human keratinocyte HaCaT cells as an in vitro model of EMT. HaCaT cells were changed into an elongated fibroblast-like morphology, which is indicative of EMT in response to TGF-β1...
January 8, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324056/cardiopulmonary-effects-induced-by-occupational-exposure-to-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles
#6
Lin Zhao, Yifang Zhu, Zhangjian Chen, Huadong Xu, Jingwen Zhou, Shichuan Tang, Zhizhen Xu, Fanling Kong, Xinwei Li, Yifei Zhang, Xianzuo Li, Ji Zhang, Guang Jia
Although some toxicological studies have reported that exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nano-TiO2) may elicit adverse cardiopulmonary effects, related data collected from human are currently limited. The purpose of this study is to explore cardiopulmonary effects among workers who were exposed to nano-TiO2 and to identify biomarkers associated with exposure. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a nano-TiO2 manufacturing plant in eastern China. Exposure assessment and characterization of TiO2 particles were performed in a packaging workshop...
January 11, 2018: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318112/experience-of-orthodontic-treatment-and-symptoms-of-temporomandibular-joint-in-south-korean-adults
#7
Sang-Hee Hwang, Shin-Goo Park
Background: No epidemiological studies have targeted the association between experience of orthodontic treatment and symptoms of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in a large adult population. In this study, we investigated whether experience of orthodontic treatment is associated with symptoms of TMJ in adults. Methods: We used data from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V), conducted in 2011. Trained dentists asked subjects to report their experience of orthodontic treatment and symptoms of TMJ...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316582/-burnout-in-intensive-care
#8
Andrej Michalsen, Andreas Hillert, Andreas Schießl, Dominik Hinzmann
Both acute crises and chronically incriminating circumstances in people's lives may lead to their being afflicted by psychological and somatic ailments. "Burnout" has been coined and established as the term for chronic occupational strain. Many professions claim to be extraordinarily affected by burnout, amongst others physicians and nurses, especially those working in anaesthesiology and critical care. Usually assessed with the Maslach Burnout Inventary, the prevalence of moderate or severe burnout in these areas is estimated at about 30 % amongst nurses and about 40 % to 50 % amongst physicians...
January 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315278/a-qualitative-study-of-hr-ohs-stress-interventions-in-australian-universities
#9
Silvia Pignata, Anthony H Winefield, Carolyn M Boyd, Chris Provis
To enhance the understanding of psychosocial factors and extend research on work stress interventions, we investigated the key human resource (HR)/occupational health and safety (OHS) stress interventions implemented at five Australian universities over a three-year period. Five senior HR Directors completed an online survey to identify the intervention strategies taken at their university in order to reduce stress and enhance employee well-being and morale. We also explored the types of individual-, organization-, and individual/organization-directed interventions that were implemented, and the strategies that were prioritized at each university...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311439/psychosocial-work-environment-and-oxidative-stress-among-nurses
#10
Eman A Salem, Sabah M Ebrahem
BackgroundWork stress among nurses has increased in recent years due to the demands of clinical nursingObjectives:To investigate psychosocial work stress among nurses using the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) model with assessment malondialdehyde (MDA) as an oxidative stress marker and total antioxidants.MethodsThe present study was conducted on 204 registered nurses worked at two tertiary hospitals in Menoufia governorate, Egypt through the period from the 1st of February to the end of July 2016. Two questionnaires were applied including general demographic and occupational histories as well as effort-reward questionnaire...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309698/burdens-on-emergency-responders-after-a-terrorist-attack-in-berlin
#11
U Wesemann, P Zimmermann, M Mahnke, O Butler, S Polk, G Willmund
Background: Terrorist attacks induce various responses in emergency responders. Addressing this range of responses in individual workers is of central interest. Aims: To assess the gender- and occupation-specific effects of a terrorist attack, particularly in emergency responders. Methods: This was a pilot study. Emergency responders present during the 2016 terrorist attack at Breitscheidplatz in Berlin were asked to participate. Measures for crisis management had been previously implemented...
December 22, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301678/expansion-of-effective-wet-bulb-globe-temperature-for-vapor-impermeable-protective-clothing
#12
Tomonori Sakoi, Tohru Mochida, Yoshihito Kurazumi, Shin-Ichi Sawada, Yosuke Horiba, Kohei Kuwabara
The wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) is an effective measure for risk screening to prevent heat dISOrders. However, a heat risk evaluation by WBGT requires adjustments depending on the clothing. In this study, we proposed a new effective WBGT (WBGTeff*) for general vapor permeable clothing ensembles and vapor impermeable protective clothing that is applicable to occupants engaged in moderate intensity work with a metabolic heat production value of around 174W/m2. WBGTeff* enables the conversion of heat stress into the scale experienced by the occupant dressed in the basic clothing ensemble (work clothes) based on the heat balances for a human body...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301468/the-impact-of-job-characteristics-on-burnout-among-chinese-correctional-workers
#13
Xiaohong Jin, Ivan Y Sun, Shanhe Jiang, Yongchun Wang, Shufang Wen
Job burnout has long been recognized as a common occupational hazard among correctional workers. Although past studies have investigated the effects of job-related characteristics on correctional staff burnout in Western societies, this line of research has largely been absent from the literature on community corrections in China. Using data collected from 225 community correction workers in a Chinese province, this study assessed the effects of positive and negative job characteristics on occupational burnout...
February 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294865/domestic-violence-as-a-risk-factor-for-attempted-suicide-in-married-women
#14
Pankajakshan Vijayanthi Indu, Sivaraman Remadevi, Karunakaran Vidhukumar, Peer Mohammed Shah Navas, Thekkethayyil Viswanathan Anilkumar, Nanoo Subha
High rates of suicide attempts and domestic violence (DV) in women of reproductive age group have been reported from South India, but the association between them was not studied. Hence, this study was undertaken to assess whether DV is a risk factor for attempted suicide in married women of reproductive age group. A hospital-based case-control study with 77 incident cases of attempted suicide in married women of the age group of 18 to 45 years and 153 controls belonging to the same age group, without history of suicide attempt, was undertaken over a period of 6 months...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294544/-job-stress-in-locomotive-attendants-in-a-locomotive-depot-and-related-influencing-factors
#15
L Kang, X C Jia, F Lu, W H Zhou, R Chen
Objective: To investigate the current status of job stress in locomotive attendants in a locomotive depot and related influencing factors. Methods: From 2012 to 2013, cluster sampling was used to select 1500 locomotive attendants in a locomotive depot in Zhengzhou Railway Bureau as respondents.The contents of the investigation included general data and occupational information.A job satisfaction questionnaire was used to investigate the degree of satisfaction, a depression scale was used to investigate the frequency of symptoms, and a daily stress scale was used to investigate the frequency of fatigue and stress...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289786/oxidant-antioxidant-balance-and-tolerance-against-oxidative-stress-in-pioneer-and-non-pioneer-tree-species-from-the-remaining-atlantic-forest
#16
Marisia Pannia Esposito, Ricardo Keiichi Nakazato, Andrea Nunes Vaz Pedroso, Marcos Enoque Leite Lima, Maurílio Assis Figueiredo, Adriana Pedrosa Diniz, Alessandra Rodrigues Kozovits, Marisa Domingos
The extensive land occupation in Southeast Brazil has resulted in climatic disturbances and environmental contamination by air pollutants, threatening the Atlantic forest remnants that still exist in that region. Based on previous results, we assumed that pioneer tree species are potentially more tolerant against environmental oxidative stress than non-pioneer tree species from that Brazilian biome. We also assumed that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are accumulated in higher proportions in leaves of non-pioneer trees, resulting in changes in the oxidant-antioxidant balance and in more severe oxidative damage at the cellular level than in the leaves of pioneer trees...
December 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288778/child-abuse-and-work-stress-in-adulthood-evidence-from-a-population-based-study
#17
Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, Wendy Nilsen, Ian Colman
The objective of this study was to examine the association between child abuse and work stress in adulthood. We used data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) Mental Health, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of Canadians. This study included all participants aged 20years or older who reported being employed the past 12months (N=14,581). Child physical abuse, sexual abuse, and exposure to intimate partner violence were assessed in relation to several work stress-related indicators...
December 27, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284969/musculoskeletal-disorders-and-mental-health-related-issues-as-occupational-hazards-among-dental-practitioners-in-salem-city-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Vanita D Revankar, Yadav Chakravarthy, S Naveen, Arun Senthamil Selvan, Aarthi Ganapathy, A S Prasad
Background: Like in any other profession, dental surgeons are also afflicted by many occupational health hazards such as Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and mental health related issues. Aims: To assess the distribution of MSD and mental health related issues amidst dentists in Salem City according to age, sex and number of working hours per week. Objectives: A survey was organized to check the rate of occurrence of these occupational health hazards among dental practitioners in Salem city...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276643/psychological-intervention-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-witnesses-of-a-fatal-industrial-accident-in-a-workers-health-center
#19
Dong-Mug Kang, Se-Yeong Kim, Yoon-Ji Kim, Jung-Ann Kim
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious problem not only among workers who experience industrial accidents but also among workers who witness such accidents. Early intervention is needed to prevent prolonged psychological problems. There has been no study conducted regarding the psychological problems of and interventions for bystander workers in Korea. This study introduces the experience of intervention on psychological problems at the Busan Workers' Health Center workers who witnessed their colleagues' death...
December 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276629/should-workers-avoid-consumption-of-chilled-fluids-in-a-hot-and-humid-climate
#20
REVIEW
Matt B Brearley
Despite provision of drinking water as the most common method of occupational heat stress prevention, there remains confusion in hydration messaging to workers. During work site interactions in a hot and humid climate, workers commonly report being informed to consume tepid fluids to accelerate rehydration. When questioned on the evidence supporting such advice, workers typically cite that fluid absorption is delayed by ingestion of chilled beverages. Presumably, delayed absorption would be a product of fluid delivery from the gut to the intestines, otherwise known as gastric emptying...
December 2017: Safety and Health At Work
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