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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168777/association-of-emotional-labor-and-occupational-stressors-with-depressive-symptoms-among-women-sales-workers-at-a-clothing-shopping-mall-in-the-republic-of-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Yuh-Jin Chung, Woo-Chul Jung, Hyunjoo Kim, Seong-Sik Cho
In the distribution service industry, sales people often experience multiple occupational stressors such as excessive emotional labor, workplace mistreatment, and job insecurity. The present study aimed to explore the associations of these stressors with depressive symptoms among women sales workers at a clothing shopping mall in Korea. A cross sectional study was conducted on 583 women who consist of clothing sales workers and manual workers using a structured questionnaire to assess demographic factors, occupational stressors, and depressive symptoms...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167685/effect-of-music-practice-on-anxiety-and-depression-of-iranian-dental-students
#2
Mahmood Ghasemi, Hana Lotfollahzadeh, Tahereh Kermani-Ranjbar, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard
Objectives: The practice of dentistry has long been associated with high levels of occupational stress and anxiety and music has been shown as a method of reducing stress. Considering the reportedly high level of stress among dental students and its consequences and also considering the positive effect of music therapy, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between music practice and level of stress in dental students. Materials and Methods: In this analytical, cross-sectional study, 88 students, including 44 with a history of music practice and 44 matched controls without music practice who met the defined inclusion criteria, participated...
May 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165430/subcutaneous-administration-of-infliximab-attenuated-silica-induced-lung-fibrosis
#3
Hua Zhang, Jun-Na Sui, Lei Gao, Jian Guo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of the anti-tumor necrosis factor-α infliximab (IFX) in the case of rats with silicosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups. The study group (N = 16) - silicosis was induced by intratracheal instillation of 50 mg silica on day 1, and IFX was subcutaneously administered at a dose of 15 mg/kg of body weight from day 2 to day 6, the vehicle group (N = 16) - silica used as the study group but without IFX, the sham group (N = 16) - 1 ml of saline was intratracheal-used...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165135/potential-predictors-of-susceptibility-to-occupational-stress-in-japanese-novice-nurses-a-pilot-study
#4
Shinobu Okita, Satoshi Daitoku, Masaharu Abe, Emi Arimura, Hitoshi Setoyama, Chihaya Koriyama, Miharu Ushikai, Hiroaki Kawaguchi, Masahisa Horiuchi
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress is a known factor behind employee resignations; thus, early identification of individuals prone to such stress is important. Accordingly, in this pilot study we evaluated potential predictors of susceptibility to occupational stress in Japanese novice nurses. METHODS: Forty-two female novice nurses at Kagoshima University Hospital were recruited for the study population. Each underwent physical health and urinary examinations, and completed a lifestyle questionnaire at the time of job entry...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163865/associations-between-neurocognitive-functioning-and-social-and-occupational-resilience-among-south-african-women-exposed-to-childhood-trauma
#5
C A Denckla, N S Consedine, G Spies, M Cherner, D C Henderson, K C Koenen, S Seedat
Background: Prior research on adaptation after early trauma among black South African women typically assessed resilience in ways that lacked contextual specificity. In addition, the neurocognitive correlates of social and occupational resilience have not been investigated. Objective: The primary aim of this exploratory study was to identify domains of neurocognitive functioning associated with social and occupational resilience, defined as functioning at a level beyond what would be expected given exposure to childhood trauma...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159888/salivary-%C3%AE-amylase-as-a-marker-of-stress-reduction-in-individuals-with-intellectual-disability-and-autism-in-response-to-occupational-and-music-therapy
#6
J Poquérusse, A Azhari, P Setoh, S Cainelli, C Ripoli, P Venuti, G Esposito
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of a range of disability-centric therapies have been well studied, little remains known about how they work, let alone how to monitor these benefits in a precise and reliable way. METHODS: Here, in two independent studies, we examine how sessions consisting of occupational or music therapy, both widely recognised for their effectiveness, modulate levels of salivary α-amylase (sAA), a now time- and cost-efficient marker of stress, in individuals with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158117/cold-acclimation-and-cognitive-performance-a-review
#7
Douglas M Jones, Stephen P Bailey, Bart Roelands, Michael J Buono, Romain Meeusen
Athletes, occupational workers, and military personnel experience cold temperatures through cold air exposure or cold water immersion, both of which impair cognitive performance. Prior work has shown that neurophysiological pathways may be sensitive to the effects of temperature acclimation and, therefore, cold acclimation may be a potential strategy to attenuate cold-induced cognitive impairments for populations that are frequently exposed to cold environments. This review provides an overview of studies that examine repeated cold stress, cold acclimation, and measurements of cognitive performance to determine whether or not cold acclimation provides beneficial protection against cold-induced cognitive performance decrements...
November 17, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152582/the-genomic-landscape-of-the-fungus-specific-swi-snf-complex-subunit-snf6-in-candida-albicans
#8
Faiza Tebbji, Yaolin Chen, Adnane Sellam, Malcolm Whiteway
SWI/SNF is an ATP-dependent chromatin-remodeling complex that is required for the regulation of gene expression in eukaryotes. While most of the fungal SWI/SNF components are evolutionarily conserved with those of the metazoan SWI/SNF, subunits such as Snf6 are specific to certain fungi and thus represent potential antifungal targets. We have characterized the role of the Snf6 protein in Candida albicans. Our data showed that although there was low conservation of its protein sequence with other fungal orthologs, Snf6 was copurified with bona fide SWI/SNF complex subunits...
November 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148110/stress-and-ways-of-coping-among-nurse-managers-an-integrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Michael Leocadio, Peter Van Bogaert, Greta G Cummings
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To appraise and synthesize empirical studies examining sources of occupational stress and ways of coping utilized by Nurse Managers (NMs) when dealing with stress. BACKGROUND: The Nurse Manager's role is challenging yet draining and stressful and has adverse consequences on an individual's overall health and well -being, patients' outcomes, and organizational productivity. Considerable research has been done; however, an updated and broader perspective on this critical organizational issue has not been performed...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144535/a-health-economic-outcome-evaluation-of-an-internet-based-mobile-supported-stress-management-intervention-for-employees
#10
David Daniel Ebert, Fanny Kählke, Claudia Buntrock, Matthias Berking, Filip Smit, Elena Heber, Harald Baumeister, Burkhardt Funk, Heleen Riper, Dirk Lehr
Objective This study aimed to estimate and evaluate the cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of a guided internet- and mobile-supported occupational stress-management intervention (iSMI) for employees from the employer's perspective alongside a randomized controlled trial. Methods A sample of 264 employees with elevated symptoms of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale, PSS-10 ≥22) was randomly assigned either to the iSMI or a waitlist control (WLC) group with unrestricted access to treatment as usual. The iSMI consisted of seven sessions of problem-solving and emotion-regulation techniques and one booster session...
November 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141601/associations-between-occupational-stress-burnout-and-well-being-among-manufacturing-workers-mediating-roles-of-psychological-capital-and-self-esteem
#11
Ziyue Wang, Hongbo Liu, Haijian Yu, Yanwen Wu, Shuai Chang, Lie Wang
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress is an important risk factor for mental health among occupational population. Exploring related mediators of workers' mental health are important to improve their health and performance. Our study aims to explore the relationships between work stress, positive psychological resources, burnout and well-being. METHODS: The study was performed during the period of June and July in 2015. A questionnaire that consisted of the Effort-reward Imbalance Scale, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, the Psychological Capital Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, the Flourishing Scale, as well as demographic and working factors...
November 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140633/the-impact-of-work-demand-and-gender-on-occupational-and-psychosocial-stress-in-hispanic-farmworkers
#12
Megan TePoel, Diane Rohlman, Meagan Shaw
Hispanic farmworkers experience hazardous work conditions, language barriers, poverty, and limited healthcare access that increase their risk for health problems. We sought to characterize occupational and lifestyle stressors in farmworker couples and to examine the impact of seasonal work demand and gender on health outcomes. We administered surveys to 31 couples (N = 62) in May (low work demand) and September (high work demand) of 2012. Measures included acculturation, perceived stress, depressive symptoms, quality of life, decision latitude, support (supervisor, co-worker), and work-family conflict...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136048/-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-dentists-and-dental-students-in-the-netherlands
#13
J J M Bruers, L E C M Trommelen, P Hawi, H S Brand
In this study, the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among dentists and dental students in the Netherlands was inventoried by means of 2 corresponding web surveys. 196 (25% response) dentists and 359 (40% response) dental students participated. 80% of the dentists and 95% of the dental students reported to have suffered from pain in muscles and joints in the last 12 months. In particular, they mentioned complaints of the neck, the shoulders and the lower back. Dental students also frequently reported complaints of the upper back...
November 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135838/characteristics-of-compensation-claimants-reporting-an-occupational-injury-associated-with-disability-benefits-in-the-subsequent-year-a-follow-up-study
#14
Marianne Rudbeck, Jens Peter Johansen, Øyvind Omland
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics of claimants reporting an occupational injury associated with disability benefits for income independently granted by the municipality the subsequent year. METHOD: Multivariate logistic regression was used on self-reported data and register data. Primary outcome was long-term disability benefits. RESULTS: We found that perceived low work ability, high emotional stress, perceived low health, and expected recognition increased the risk of disability benefits...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127912/pesticides-contaminated-dust-exposure-risk-diagnosis-and-exposure-markers-in-occupational-and-residential-settings-of-lahore-pakistan
#15
Sidra Waheed, Crispin Halsall, Andrew J Sweetman, Kevin C Jones, Riffat Naseem Malik
There are few studies documenting the dust loaded with pesticides as a potential non-dietary exposure source for occupational worker and populations living near agricultural farms and pesticides formulation plants. In present study we have evaluated the pesticide concentration in dust from potential sites and relevant health risk from dust ingestion. Furthermore, the effect of currently used pesticides was investigated on blood and urine parameters of subjects: farmer, factory worker, urban resident and rural resident and controlled subjects with presumably different levels of exposure...
November 7, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125194/amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-case-report-and-mechanistic-review-of-the-association-with-toluene-and-other-volatile-organic-compounds
#16
Marcia H Ratner, Joe F Jabre, William M Ewing, Mohamed Abou-Donia, L Christine Oliver
Unmasking of latent neurodegenerative disease has been reported following exposure to chemicals that share one or more mechanisms of action in common with those implicated in the specific disease. For example, unmasking of latent Parkinson's disease (PD) has been associated with exposure to anti-dopaminergic agents, while the progression of pre-existing mild cognitive impairment and unmasking of latent Alzheimer's disease has been associated with exposure to general anesthetic agents which promote Aβ protein aggregation...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119956/-a-study-of-the-effective-psychotherapist-image-and-expectations-about-psychotherapy-among-the-employees-of-hazardous-occupations-policemen
#17
V A Agarkov, S A Bronfman, D Y Maltseva
BACKGRAUND: The objective of the present study was to estimate the expectations about psychotherapy in terms of social and medical rehabilitation among the employees of hazardous occupations suffering from the consequences of a psychological trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 subjects employed by various departments of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) were recruited to participate in the study. Their age varied from 19 to 35 (mean 25.8±3...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118991/factors-increasing-the-risk-for-psychosocial-stress-among-korean-adults-living-in-rural-areas-using-generalized-estimating-equations-and-mixed-models
#18
Ju-Hyun Nam, Myeong-Seob Lim, Hyun-Kyeong Choi, Jae-Yeop Kim, Sung-Kyeong Kim, Sung-Soo Oh, Sang-Baek Koh, Hee-Tae Kang
Background: This study was conducted to analyze the distribution of the psychosocial well-being index among adults living in two rural communities in Korea and to examine its correlation with lifestyle variables such as sleep duration, regular exercise, and sedentary time. Methods: Using the cohort data of the Atherosclerosis Risk of a Rural Area Korean General Population, this study examined 3631 participants living in Wonju and Pyeongchang in Gangwon Province; their preliminary data were established from 2005 to 2007 while their follow-up data were collected 3 years later...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115997/psychological-symptoms-among-hospital-nurses-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Mei-Ju Chen, Shiue-Shan Weng
BACKGROUND: A considerable number of studies have identified the risk factors attributable to job-related stress among nurses. However, studies investigating psychological symptoms among hospital nurses is still lacking, especially in Taiwan, where the average patient to nurse ratio is among the highest in the world. This study aimed to investigate the potential role of self-rated health status, self-reported diseases, and utilization of occupational health checks in psychological symptoms among Taiwanese nurses...
November 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109358/burnout-syndrome-as-an-occupational-disease-in-the-european-union-an-exploratory-study
#20
Andrea Lastovkova, Melanie Carder, Hans Martin Rasmussen, Lars Sjoberg, Gerda J de Groene, Riitta Sauni, Jiri Vevoda, Sarka Vevodova, Gerard Lasfargues, Magnus Svartengren, Marek Varga, Claudio Colossio, Daniela Pelclova
The risk of psychological disorders influencing the health of workers increases in accordance with growing requirements on employees across various professions. This study aimed to compare approaches to the burnout syndrome in European countries. A questionnaire focusing on stress-related occupational diseases was distributed to national experts of 28 European Union countries. A total of 23 countries responded. In 9 countries (Denmark, Estonia, France, Hungary, Latvia, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia and Sweden) burnout syndrome may be acknowledged as an occupational disease...
November 3, 2017: Industrial Health
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