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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786495/occupational-moral-injury-and-mental-health-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Victoria Williamson, Sharon A M Stevelink, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Many people confront potentially morally injurious experiences (PMIEs) in the course of their work which can violate deeply held moral values or beliefs, putting them at risk for psychological difficulties (e.g. post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, etc.).AimsWe aimed to assess the effect of moral injury on mental health outcomes. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the association between work-related PMIEs and mental health disorders...
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783794/missed-work-due-to-occupational-illness-among-hispanic-horse-workers
#2
Ashley M Bush, Susan Westneat, Steven R Browning, Jennifer Swanberg
Occupational illnesses are inadequately reported for agriculture, an industry dominated by a vulnerable Hispanic population and high fatal and nonfatal injury rates. Work-related illnesses can contribute to missed work, caused by a combination of personal and work factors, with costs to the individual, employer, and society. To better understand agricultural occupational illnesses, 225 Hispanic horse workers were interviewed via community-based convenience sampling. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses, and log binomial regression modeling were used to: (1) describe the prevalence of missed work due to work-related illnesses among Hispanic horse workers, (2) examine work-related and personal factors associated with missed work, and (3) identify health symptoms and work-related characteristics potentially associated with missed work...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781629/finding-peace-of-mind-when-there-still-is-so-much-left-undone-a-diary-study-on-how-job-stress-competence-need-satisfaction-and-proactive-work-behavior-contribute-to-work-related-rumination-during-the-weekend
#3
Oliver Weigelt, Christine J Syrek, Antje Schmitt, Tina Urbach
Unfinished work tasks have been identified as a significant job-related stressor in recent occupational stress research. Extending this research, we examine how and when not finishing one's tasks by the end of the work week affects work-related rumination at the weekend. Drawing on control theory, we examined competence need satisfaction as a mediating mechanism that links unfinished tasks at the end of the work week to work-related rumination at the weekend. Furthermore, we scrutinized whether proactive work behavior within the work week may neutralize the detrimental effects of unfinished tasks on competence need satisfaction and rumination...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781526/the-correlation-between-occupational-stress-coping-strategies-and-the-levels-of-psychological-distress-among-nurses-working-in-mental-health-hospital-in-jordan
#4
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Hussein Tumah
PURPOSE: Psychiatric nurses encounter variety of demanding and stressful events such as dealing with aggressive patients, and hostile. This study purposed to assess workplace stress, coping strategies, and psychiatric distress among psychiatric nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive explanatory design was employed. One hundred and nineteen psychiatric nurses were recruited in the study and data were collected in the period between June and September 2017. FINDINGS: The results showed that participants experienced moderate level of occupational stress and psychiatric distress...
May 21, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777614/enhancing-the-detection-of-injuries-and-near-misses-among-patient-care-staff-in-a-large-pediatric-hospital
#5
Maurizio Macaluso, Lauren A Summerville, Meredith E Tabangin, Nancy M Daraiseh
Objectives Compared to other industries, healthcare has one of the highest rates of non-fatal occupational injury/illness. Evidence indicates these rates are underestimated, highlighting the need for improved injury surveillance. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating active data collection in a passive injury surveillance system to improve detection of injuries in a healthcare establishment. Methods Using digital voice recorders (DVR), pediatric healthcare providers prospectively recorded events throughout their shift for two weeks...
May 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774562/simple-low-cost-group-counselling-programme-vs-treatment-as-usual-for-patients-with-newly-notified-occupational-hand-eczema-exploratory-analyses-of-effects-on-knowledge-behaviour-and-personal-resources-of-the-randomized-prevex-clinical-trial
#6
Maja H Fisker, Tove Agner, Jennifer A Sørensen, Søren G Vejlstrup, Jane Lindschou, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jens P Bonde, Niels E Ebbehøj
BACKGROUND: Sickness absence in hand eczema patients has been associated with stress rather than disease severity, indicating that personal aspects regarding hand eczema should be investigated further. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether patient education vs treatment as usual can influence behaviour and knowledge regarding skin protection and care, as well as personal resources, in patients with occupational hand eczema. METHODS: PREVEX is an individually randomized clinical trial investigating the 1-year effects of a simple, low-cost group-counselling programme vs treatment as usual for patients with notified occupational hand eczema...
May 17, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774084/a-novel-dual-well-array-chip-for-efficiently-trapping-single-cell-in-large-isolated-micro-well-without-complicated-accessory-equipment
#7
Chenyu Wang, Wenwen Liu, Qingquan Wei, Lufeng Ren, Manqing Tan, Yude Yu
Conventional cell-sized well arrays have advantages of high occupancy, simple operation, and low cost for capturing single-cells. However, they have insufficient space for including reagents required for cell treatment or analysis, which restricts the wide application of cell-sized well arrays as a single-cell research tool alone. Here, we present a novel dual-well array chip, which integrates capture-wells (20  μ m in diameter) with reaction-wells (100  μ m in diameter) and describe a flow method for convenient single-cell analysis requiring neither complicated infra-structure nor high expenditure, while enabling highly efficient single cell trapping (75...
May 2018: Biomicrofluidics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772680/the-crosstalk-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-er-stress-pathways-with-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-complex-mechanisms-relevant-for-cancer-inflammation-and-infection
#8
REVIEW
M Lienhard Schmitz, M Samer Shaban, B Vincent Albert, Anke Gökçen, Michael Kracht
Stressful conditions occuring during cancer, inflammation or infection activate adaptive responses that are controlled by the unfolded protein response (UPR) and the nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells (NF-κB) signaling pathway. These systems can be triggered by chemical compounds but also by cytokines, toll-like receptor ligands, nucleic acids, lipids, bacteria and viruses. Despite representing unique signaling cascades, new data indicate that the UPR and NF-κB pathways converge within the nucleus through ten major transcription factors (TFs), namely activating transcription factor (ATF)4, ATF3, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (CEBP) homologous protein (CHOP), X-box-binding protein (XBP)1, ATF6α and the five NF-κB subunits...
May 16, 2018: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771556/tobacco-and-alcohol-use-among-firefighters-during-their-first-3-years-of-service
#9
Suzy B Gulliver, Rose Zimering, Jeff Knight, Sandra Morissette, Barbara Kamholz, Eric Meyer, Terence Keane, Michelle Pennington, Tessa Denman, Thomas Carpenter, Nathan Kimbrel
Firefighters constitute an understudied occupational group that are exposed to a great deal of occupational stress including potentially traumatic stress. As such, higher prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders have been observed within this population; however, very little is known about the trajectories of health-risk behaviors among firefighters in response to occupational stress over time. The present study enrolled 322 fire service recruits from 7 urban U.S...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768209/influenza-virus-mounts-a-two-pronged-attack-on-host-rna-polymerase-ii-transcription
#10
David L V Bauer, Michael Tellier, Mónica Martínez-Alonso, Takayuki Nojima, Nick J Proudfoot, Shona Murphy, Ervin Fodor
Influenza virus intimately associates with host RNA polymerase II (Pol II) and mRNA processing machinery. Here, we use mammalian native elongating transcript sequencing (mNET-seq) to examine Pol II behavior during viral infection. We show that influenza virus executes a two-pronged attack on host transcription. First, viral infection causes decreased Pol II gene occupancy downstream of transcription start sites. Second, virus-induced cellular stress leads to a catastrophic failure of Pol II termination at poly(A) sites, with transcription often continuing for tens of kilobases...
May 15, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767403/predicting-the-influence-of-situational-and-immigration-stress-on-latino-day-laborers-workplace-injuries-an-exploratory-structural-equation-model
#11
Maria Eugenia Fernández-Esquer, Kathryn R Gallardo, Pamela M Diamond
Latino day laborers are a socially and economically marginalized immigrant population with a high risk of occupational injury. These workers confront multiple social, psychological, and environmental hardships that increase their risk for adverse health outcomes. How these stressors interact and influence work-related injuries in this population remains unclear. We conducted an exploratory study with 327 Latino day laborers who completed a community survey. We developed a structural equation model, using cross-sectional data to explore the relationships among socioeconomic status, situational and immigration stress, depression, work risk exposure, and occupational injury...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760688/dissecting-the-acid-stress-response-of-rhizobium-tropici-ciat-899
#12
Julio Guerrero-Castro, Luis Lozano, Christian Sohlenkamp
Rhizobium tropici CIAT899 is a nodule-forming α-proteobacterium displaying intrinsic resistance to several abiotic stress conditions such as low pH and high temperatures, which are common in tropical environments. It is a good competitor for Phaseolus vulgaris (common bean) nodule occupancy at low pH values, however little is known about the genetic and physiological basis of the tolerance to acidic conditions. To identify genes in R. tropici involved in pH stress response we combined two different approaches: (1) A Tn 5 mutant library of R...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760670/validating-the-copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-copsoq-ii-using-set-esem-identifying-psychosocial-risk-factors-in-a-sample-of-school-principals
#13
Theresa Dicke, Herbert W Marsh, Philip Riley, Philip D Parker, Jiesi Guo, Marcus Horwood
School principals world-wide report high levels of strain and attrition resulting in a shortage of qualified principals. It is thus crucial to identify psychosocial risk factors that reflect principals' occupational wellbeing. For this purpose, we used the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ-II), a widely used self-report measure covering multiple psychosocial factors identified by leading occupational stress theories. We evaluated the COPSOQ-II regarding factor structure and longitudinal, discriminant, and convergent validity using latent structural equation modeling in a large sample of Australian school principals ( N = 2,049)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747151/role-of-pon1-sod2-ogg1-xrcc1-and-xrcc4-polymorphisms-on-modulation-of-dna-damage-in-workers-occupationally-exposed-to-pesticides
#14
Vivian F Silva Kahl, Fernanda Rabaioli da Silva, Jodel da Silva Alves, Gabrieli Flesch da Silva, Juliana Picinini, Varinderpal Singh Dhillon, Michael Fenech, Melissa Rosa de Souza, Johnny F Dias, Claudia Telles de Souza, Mirian Salvador, Cátia Dos Santos Branco, Flávia Valadão Thiesen, Daniel Simon, Juliana da Silva
Tobacco farming has been proving to induce poor health outcomes in agricultural workers, genomic instability being the triggering one. This study evaluated influence of PON1 (paraoxonase 1), SOD2 (superoxide dismutase), OGG1 (8-oxoguanine glycosylase), XRCC1 (X-ray repair cross-complementing protein 1), and XRCC4 (X-ray repair cross-complementing protein 4) genes polymorphisms on DNA damage in 121 subjects occupationally exposed to pesticides mixtures and nicotine at tobacco fields and 121 non-exposed individuals...
May 7, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743362/adenovirus-5-e1a-mediated-suppression-of-p53-via-fubp1
#15
Jasmine Rae Frost, Megan Mendez, Andrea Michelle Soriano, Leandro Crisostomo, Oladunni Olanubi, Sandi Radko, Peter Pelka
The Far Upstream Element Binding Protein 1 (FUBP1) was first identified as a regulator of the oncogene c-Myc via binding to the Far Upstream Element (FUSE) within the c-Myc promoter and activating expression of the gene. Recent studies have identified FUBP1 as a regulator of transcription, translation, and splicing via its DNA and RNA binding activities. Here we report the identification of FUBP1 as a novel binding partner of E1A. FUBP1 binds directly to E1A via the N-terminus (residues 1-82) and Conserved Region 3 (residues 139 to 204) of adenovirus 5 E1A...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741077/chronic-exposure-to-high-fat-diet-exacerbates-arsenic-induced-lung-damages-in-male-mice-possible-role-for-oxidative-stress
#16
Ali Asghar Hemmati, Soheila Alboghobeish, Akram Ahangarpour
Arsenic is a common environmental and occupational contaminant worldwide which can influence the development of respiratory diseases. In recent years, alteration in the lifestyle as well as food habits have led to increased consumption of food containing high levels of fat. The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of chronic exposure to a high-fat diet (HFD) on arsenic-induced damages and oxidative stress in the lung tissue of mice. This is the first study to reveal the effect of diet-induced obesity on arsenic-induced lung damages...
March 23, 2018: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738489/the-role-of-adult-day-services-in-supporting-the-occupational-participation-of-people-with-dementia-and-their-carers-an-integrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Janice Du Preez, Jeannine Millsteed, Ruth Marquis, Janet Richmond
The increasing numbers of people with dementia places considerable stress on health and aged care services and has resulted in the development of community adult day services. Aim : The aim of this integrative review is to determine the extent to which these services support the occupational participation of people with dementia, and how they impact their primary carers. Method : The mixed-methods appraisal tool (MMAT) was used to identify relevant studies in the period 2011⁻2016. Results : Nine databases were searched and yielded 16 articles with a variety of research designs for inclusion in the review...
May 8, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734927/evaluation-of-potential-biomarkers-of-exposure-to-crystalline-silica-a-case-study-in-an-insulator-manufacturer
#18
Hamzeh Mohammadi, Somayeh Farhang Dehghan, Alireza Tahamtan, Farideh Golbabaei
The purpose of this study was to examine the potential determinants of serum neopterin, malondialdehyde (MDA), and erythrocyte glutathione (GSH) as potential markers of oxidative stress, resulting in cellular immune response to inhaled silica particles. This descriptive analytical study was conducted on two groups of exposed workers ( n = 55) and unexposed office workers ( n = 38) of an insulator manufacturing plant. The sampling of airborne silica in the breathing zone of participants was done on the basis of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Method 7601...
January 1, 2018: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734226/functional-neuroanatomy-of-emotion-and-its-regulation-in-ptsd
#19
Jacklynn M Fitzgerald, Julia A DiGangi, K Luan Phan
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a devastating disorder, linked to profound mental, physical, occupational, and functional impairment. In addition, it is a highly complex disorder, characterized by symptom heterogeneity across multiple domains. Nevertheless, emotion dysregulation arising from the exaggerated response to threat or from the inability to regulate negative emotional states plays a defining role in the pathophysiology of PTSD. In order to improve our understanding of how emotion dysregulation manifests in this illness, functional neuroimaging research over the past 20 years provides great insight into underlying neuroanatomy of each component of emotion dysregulation in the context of PTSD...
May 2018: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734097/the-influence-of-dietary-patterns-and-stressful-life-events-on-psychological-problems-in-a-large-sample-of-iranian-industrial-employees-structural-equations-modeling-approach
#20
Maryam Yazdi, Hamidreza Roohafza, Awat Feizi, Katayoon Rabiei, Nizal Sarafzadegan
BACKGROUND: Psychological problems affect many employees and their job performance. Although, the association of diet and stress, as modifiable risk factors, with psychological problems have been investigated separately, however their simultaneous impacts have not been studied. The present study aimed at reinvestigating the association of major dietary patterns and stressful life events with intensity of psychological problems in a large sample of Iranian industrial employees. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 3063 employees in an industrial unit in Isfahan, Iran were investigated...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
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