keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

occupational stress

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817156/a-possible-grinder-from-tell-arbid-syria
#1
Mindy C Pitre, Rafał Koliński, Arkadiusz Sołtysiak
Cereal grinding has been practiced in Mesopotamia since the Upper Palaeolithic. While evidence of cereal grinding is clear from the archaeological and textual records, what remains unclear is whether the activity leaves signs on the skeleton in the form of markers of occupational stress (MOS). A particular constellation of MOS (e.g., osteoarthritis, traumatic injuries, and accessory articular facets) has previously been used to infer the habitual grinding of grain. These same MOS were recently observed in the skeleton of a female discovered in the Middle Bronze Age cemetery at Tell Arbid, NE Syria...
August 17, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810969/a-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-combat-and-operational-stress-control-restoration-center-in-afghanistan
#2
Jason L Judkins, Devvon L Bradley
BACKGROUND: The management of Combat and Operational Stress Reactions (COSR) within an operational environment is a multidimensional process. The aim is to help prevent behavioral health problems, preserve combat power, and increase return to duty rates for combat stress related casualties. In some COSR cases, enhanced services are required and the Combat and Operational Stress Control (COSC) Clinic refers Service Members (SMs) to the Freedom Restoration Clinic (FRC). The purpose was to describe a deployed restoration center in Afghanistan and examine the long-term effectiveness of those services...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810199/diallyl-trisulfide-dats-suppresses-benzene-induced-cytopenia-by-modulating-haematopoietic-cell-apoptosis
#3
Wenting Han, Shuo Wang, Lulu Jiang, Hui Wang, Ming Li, Xujing Wang, Keqin Xie
Benzene is a well-known occupational and environmental toxicant associated with cytopenia, which is characterized by a disorder in the peripheral blood cell counts. However, no effective preventive strategy has been developed yet to tackle the exposure to benzene in daily life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effects of diallyl trisulfide (DATS) on benzene-induced haematopoietic damage and to reveal its potential mechanisms of action. In our study, male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into six groups...
August 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809646/occupational-therapy-and-veteran-suicide-a-call-to-action
#4
Amy Kashiwa, Melissa M Sweetman, Loriann Helgeson
Suicide in the U.S. military veteran population is an epidemic with a wide-ranging impact on individuals, families, and society. Death by suicide is preventable. The purpose of this article is to ignite a professional discussion about veteran suicide, a serious mental health issue that is underrepresented in the occupational therapy research literature. Occupational therapy practitioners respond to the changing needs of populations and promote preventive measures to improve health. Actively exploring occupational therapy's role in suicide prevention is a professional responsibility aligned with tenets of the Centennial Vision and Vision 2025...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808196/antioxidant-mediated-response-of-scoparia-dulcis-in-noise-induced-redox-imbalance-and-immunohistochemical-changes-in-rat-brain
#5
Wankupar Wankhar, Sakthivel Srinivasan, Ravindran Rajan, Rathinasamy Sheeladevi
Noise has been regarded as an environmental/occupational stressor that causes damages to both auditory and non-auditory organs. Prolonged exposure to these mediators of stress has often resulted in detrimental effect, where oxidative/nitrosative stress plays a major role. Hence, it would be appropriate to examine the possible role of free radicals in brain discrete regions and the "antioxidants" mediated response of S. dulcis. Animals were subjected to noise stress for 15 days (100 dB/4 hours/day) and estimation of endogenous free radical and antioxidant activity were carried out on brain discrete regions (the cerebral cortex, cerebellum, brainstem, striatum, hippocampus and hypothalamus)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806863/influence-of-gender-working-field-and-psychosocial-factors-on-the-vulnerability-for-burnout-in-mental-hospital-staff-results-of-an-austrian-cross-sectional-study
#6
Petra Schadenhofer, Michael Kundi, Heidemarie Abrahamian, Harald Stummer, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
INTRODUCTION: According to the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA), hospitals represent a work environment with high job strain. Prolonged perceived occupational stress may result in symptoms of burnout, such as emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). Understanding which factors may reduce vulnerability for burnout is an important requirement for well-targeted occupational stress prevention in mental hospital staff...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806486/farmworker-vulnerability-to-heat-hazards-a-conceptual-framework
#7
Valerie Vi Thien Mac, Linda A McCauley
PURPOSE: To review factors that impact the effect of hot environments on the human body in order to develop a conceptual model of human biological response. METHODS: The organizing concept for the model development was the multilevel integration of three major factors, exposure to heat, sensitivity and adaptive capacity, and the heat stress response. Exposure of a vulnerable occupational group was used to illustrate the components of the model. FINDINGS: Components of this framework include the hazard (environmental heat stress), vulnerability factors (workplace exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity), and the heat stress response...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806369/intimate-partner-violence-victimization-and-associated-implications-for-health-and-functioning-among-male-and-female-post-9-11-veterans
#8
Katherine M Iverson, Dawne Vogt, Rachel M Maskin, Brian N Smith
BACKGROUND: There is increased emphasis on identifying patients who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in Department of Veterans Affairs and other health care settings. A better understanding of IPV's implications for health and functioning is needed among post-911 Veterans, and especially male Veterans, to inform IPV screening and response. OBJECTIVES: To identify past 6-month IPV experienced among partnered post-9/11 Veterans and examine sex-based associations between IPV and health...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800583/the-nucleoid-protein-dps-binds-genomic-dna-of-escherichia-coli-in-a-non-random-manner
#9
S S Antipov, M N Tutukina, E V Preobrazhenskaya, F A Kondrashov, M V Patrushev, S V Toshchakov, I Dominova, U S Shvyreva, V V Vrublevskaya, O S Morenkov, N A Sukharicheva, V V Panyukov, O N Ozoline
Dps is a multifunctional homododecameric protein that oxidizes Fe2+ ions accumulating them in the form of Fe2O3 within its protein cavity, interacts with DNA tightly condensing bacterial nucleoid upon starvation and performs some other functions. During the last two decades from discovery of this protein, its ferroxidase activity became rather well studied, but the mechanism of Dps interaction with DNA still remains enigmatic. The crucial role of lysine residues in the unstructured N-terminal tails led to the conventional point of view that Dps binds DNA without sequence or structural specificity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799310/venomous-snake-bite-in-india-why-do-50-000-indians-die-every-year
#10
Jaideep C Menon, Joseph K Joseph, Romulus E Whitaker
Snakebite is an occupational hazard causing considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly so in tropical countries like India. An estimated 50,000 Indians die due to venomous snakebite every year, seventy percent of whom are males between the ages of 20 to 50 years. Along with the associated morbidity and mortality, snakebite leads to a significant financial burden on the victim, both by way of hospital bills and labour hours lost. Snakebite is also a cause for considerable psychological stress among survivors...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798962/structural-pathway-of-regulated-substrate-transfer-and-threading-through-an-hsp100-disaggregase
#11
Célia Deville, Marta Carroni, Kamila B Franke, Maya Topf, Bernd Bukau, Axel Mogk, Helen R Saibil
Refolding aggregated proteins is essential in combating cellular proteotoxic stress. Together with Hsp70, Hsp100 chaperones, including Escherichia coli ClpB, form a powerful disaggregation machine that threads aggregated polypeptides through the central pore of tandem adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) rings. To visualize protein disaggregation, we determined cryo-electron microscopy structures of inactive and substrate-bound ClpB in the presence of adenosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate), revealing closed AAA+ rings with a pronounced seam...
August 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797516/the-carnivorous-feeding-behavior-of-early-homo-at-hwk-ee-bed-ii-olduvai-gorge-tanzania
#12
Michael C Pante, Jackson K Njau, Blaire Hensley-Marschand, Trevor L Keevil, Carmen Martín-Ramos, Renata Franco Peters, Ignacio de la Torre
The regular consumption of large mammal carcasses, as evidenced by butchery marks on fossils recovered from Early Stone Age archaeological sites, roughly coincides with the appearance of Homo habilis. However, the significance of this niche expansion cannot be appreciated without an understanding of hominin feeding behavior and their ecological interactions with mammalian carnivores. The Olduvai Geochronology and Archaeology Project (OGAP) has recovered a large and well-preserved fossil assemblage from the HWK EE site, which was deposited just prior to the first appearance of Acheulean technology at Olduvai Gorge and likely represents one of the last H...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796459/-stuck-in-the-middle-with-you-supervisory-level-and-anger-about-work
#13
William Magee, Laura Upenieks
Although sociologists have long been interested in the stratification of emotions, the occupational stratification of anger has been investigated in only a few general population studies. Through analyses of data representative of workers in Toronto, we evaluate the hypothesis that workplace hierarchical position, defined by supervisory level, has an inverted u-shaped association with the frequency of anger about work. We also evaluate the more specific hypothesis that the difference in work-related anger between front-line supervisors and nonsupervisory workers will be relatively larger among workers in the commodified services sector than other sectors...
August 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795724/chronic-exposure-to-inorganic-mercury-induces-biochemical-and-morphological-changes-in-the-salivary-glands-of-rats
#14
W A B Aragão, N M M da Costa, N C F Fagundes, M C F Silva, S M Alves-Junior, J J V Pinheiro, L L Amado, M E Crespo-López, C S F Maia, R R Lima
Mercury exposure is considered to be a public health problem due to the generation of toxic effects on human health as a result of environmental and occupational conditions. The inorganic form of mercury (HgCl2) can cause several biological changes in cells and tissues through its cumulative toxic potential, but little has been experimentally proven about the effects of inorganic mercury on salivary glands, an important modulator organ of oral health. This study analyzes the effects of prolonged low dose exposure to HgCl2 on the salivary glands of rats...
August 10, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792529/discrepancy-between-self-assessed-hearing-status-and-measured-audiometric-evaluation
#15
So Young Kim, Hyung-Jong Kim, Min-Su Kim, Bumjung Park, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the difference between self-reported hearing status and hearing impairment assessed using conventional audiometry. The associated factors were examined when a concordance between self-reported hearing and audiometric measures was lacking. METHODS: In total, 19,642 individuals ≥20 years of age who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys conducted from 2009 through 2012 were enrolled...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780820/-mediating-effect-of-mental-elasticity-on-occupational-stress-and-depression-in-female-nurses
#16
Y W Wang, G Z Liu, X T Zhou, P J Sheng, F F Cui, T Shi
Objective: To investigate the interaction between mental elasticityand occupational stress and depressionin female nurses and the mediating effect of mental elasticity, as well as the functioning way of mental elasticity in occupational stress-depression. Methods: From August to October, 2015, cluster sampling was used to select 122 female nurses in a county-level medical institution as study subjects. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) , Occupational Stress Inventory-Revised Edition (OSI-R) , and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) were used to collect the data on mental elasticity, occupational stress, and depression and analyze their correlation and mediating effect...
June 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780817/-relationship-between-occupational-stress-recovery-experience-and-physiological-health-of-nurses-in-a-municipal-grade-a-tertiary-hospital
#17
L He, C L Zhang, T Yang, Y J Lan
Objective: To examine the relationship between recovery experience, occupational stress, and physiological health of nurses in a municipal grade A tertiary hospital. Methods: A total of 296 in-service nurses from 7 municipal grade A tertiary hospitals were selected from October 2015 to February 2016. Individual characteristics of the subjects were collected using a self-made questionnaire. The recovery experience, occupational stress, and physiological health of the subjects were assessed based on the physiological health dimensions in the Chinese version of Recovery Experience Questionnaire (REQ-C) , Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) , and Quality of Work Life (QWL7-32) ...
June 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777965/metals-and-neurodegenerative-diseases-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Calogero Edoardo Cicero, Giovanni Mostile, Rosario Vasta, Venerando Rapisarda, Salvatore Santo Signorelli, Margherita Ferrante, Mario Zappia, Alessandra Nicoletti
Neurodegenerative processes encompass a large variety of diseases with different pathological patterns and clinical presentation such as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer Disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Genetic mutations have a known causative role, but the majority of cases are likely to be probably caused by a complex gene-environment interaction. Exposure to metals has been hypothesized to increase oxidative stress in brain cells leading to cell death and neurodegeneration. Neurotoxicity of metals has been demonstrated by several in vitro and in vivo experimental studies and it is likely that each metal could be toxic through specific pathways...
August 1, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774687/the-environment-and-male-reproduction-the-effect-of-cadmium-exposure-on-reproductive-system-and-semen-quality-and-its-implication-in-fertility
#19
REVIEW
Cristina de Angelis, Mariano Galdiero, Claudia Pivonello, Ciro Salzano, Daniele Gianfrilli, Prisco Piscitelli, Andrea Lenzi, Annamaria Colao, Rosario Pivonello
Cadmium is an environmental pollutant known as endocrine disruptor. Testis is particularly susceptible to cadmium, and testis injury occurs at high but even low levels of exposure. Cadmium reproductive toxicity is mediated by multiple mechanisms, including structural damage to testis vasculature and blood-testis barrier, inflammation, cytotoxicity on Sertoli and Leydig cells, oxidative stress, apoptosis, epigenetic actions, and disturbance of the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis. The current review outlines epidemiological observational findings from environmental and occupational exposure in humans, and reports experimental studies in humans and animals...
July 31, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768829/the-saga-complex-together-with-transcription-factors-and-the-endocytic-protein-rvs167p-coordinate-the-reprofiling-of-gene-expression-in-response-to-changes-in-sterol-composition-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#20
Gisèle Dewhurst-Maridor, Daniel Abegg, Fabrice P A David, Jacques Rougemont, Cameron C Scott, Alexander Adibekian, Howard Riezman
Changes in cellular sterol species and concentrations can have profound effects on the transcriptional profile. In yeast, mutants defective in sterol biosynthesis show a wide range of changes in transcription, including a co-induction of anaerobic genes and ergosterol biosynthesis genes, biosynthesis of basic amino acids, and several stress genes. However the mechanisms underlying these changes are unknown. We identified mutations in the SAGA complex, a co-activator of transcription, which abrogate the ability to carry out most of these sterol-dependent transcriptional changes...
August 2, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
keyword
keyword
14873
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"