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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643172/associations-of-work-stress-supervisor-unfairness-and-supervisor-inability-to-speak-spanish-with-occupational-injury-among-latino-farmworkers
#1
Jessica Miller Clouser, Ashley Bush, Wenqi Gan, Jennifer Swanberg
Little is known about how psychosocial work factors such as work stress, supervisor fairness, and language barriers affect risk of occupational injury among Latino farmworkers. This study attempts to address these questions. Surveys were administered via interviews to 225 Latino thoroughbred farmworkers. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to calculate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of occupational injury in the past year in relation to occupational characteristics...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641912/a-2-year-holistic-health-and-stress-intervention-results-of-an-rct-in-clergy
#2
Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell, Elizabeth L Turner, Gary G Bennett, Jia Yao, Xiang-Fang Li, David E Eagle, Rachel A Meyer, Redford B Williams, Robin Y Swift, H Edgar Moore, Melanie A Kolkin, Carl C Weisner, Katherine M Rugani, Holly J Hough, Virginia P Williams, David C Toole
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to determine the effect of a 2-year, multicomponent health intervention (Spirited Life) targeting metabolic syndrome and stress simultaneously. DESIGN: An RCT using a three-cohort multiple baseline design was conducted in 2010-2014. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Participants were United Methodist clergy in North Carolina, U.S., in 2010, invited based on occupational status. Of invited 1,745 clergy, 1,114 consented, provided baseline data, and were randomly assigned to immediate intervention (n=395), 1-year waitlist (n=283), or 2-year waitlist (n=436) cohorts for a 48-month trial duration...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637463/health-and-safety-matters-associations-between-organizational-practices-and-personal-support-workers-life-and-work-stress-in-ontario-canada
#3
Isik U Zeytinoglu, Margaret Denton, Catherine Brookman, Sharon Davies, Firat K Sayin
BACKGROUND: The home and community care sector is one of the fastest growing sectors globally and most prominently in mature industrialized countries. Personal support workers (PSWs) are the largest occupational group in the sector. This paper focuses on the emotional health of PSWs working in the home and community care sector in Ontario, Canada. The purpose of this paper is to present evidence on the associations between PSWs' life and work stress and organizational practices of full-time and guaranteed hours, and PSWs' perceptions of support at work and preference for hours...
June 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635525/the-role-of-prenatal-obstetric-and-post-partum-factors-in-the-parenting-stress-of-mothers-and-fathers-of-9-month-old-infants
#4
Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Gillian Murphy, Mike Murphy
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper was to examine the role of perinatal, obstetric and post partum factors on maternal and paternal stress. It will present the first examination of the role of prenatal, obstetric, post-partum, and demographic variables in parenting stress for mothers and fathers at 9 months. METHODS: Data from 6821 parental dyads of 9-month-old infants were extracted from the Growing Up in Ireland National Longitudinal Study of Children. Participants completed the Parental Stress Scale, the Dyadic Adjustment Scale, the Quality of Attachment Sub-scale from the Maternal and Paternal Postnatal Attachment Scales, and a single item health status question from the Short Form 12 Health Survey...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629352/male-suicide-among-construction-workers-in-australia-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-major-stressors-precipitating-death
#5
Allison Milner, Humaira Maheen, Dianne Currier, Anthony D LaMontagne
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates among those employed in male-dominated professions such as construction are elevated compared to other occupational groups. Thus far, past research has been mainly quantitative and has been unable to identify the complex range of risk and protective factors that surround these suicides. METHODS: We used a national coronial database to qualitatively study work and non-work related influences on male suicide occurring in construction workers in Australia...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623144/cardiovascular-stress-during-inpatient-spinal-cord-injury-rehabilitation
#6
Dominik Zbogar, Janice J Eng, William C Miller, Andrei V Krassioukov, Mary C Verrier
OBJECTIVES: 1) To measure the amount of a) cardiovascular stress, b) self-reported physical activity and c) accelerometry-measured physical activity by individuals with SCI during physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) and, 2) to investigate the relationship between these measures. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Two inpatient SCI rehabilitation centres. PARTICIPANTS: SCI patients (n=87) were recruited from consecutive admissions to rehabilitation...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619081/burnout-among-workers-in-emergency-departments-in-palestinian-hospitals-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#7
Motasem Hamdan, Asma'a Abu Hamra
BACKGROUND: Working in Emergency Departments (EDs) entails high work pressure and stress due to witnessing human suffering and the unpredictable nature of the work. This environment puts personnel at risk of burnout. This analysis aims to assess burnout levels and associated risk factors among health workers in EDs in Palestinian hospitals. Also, it examines the association between burnout and workplace violence, as well as with job turnover. METHODS: Cross-sectional design utilising a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from all workers at 14 EDs; 8 from the West Bank and 6 from the Gaza Strip...
June 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604019/occupational-stress-and-mental-health-symptoms-examining-the-moderating-effect-of-work-recovery-strategies-in-firefighters
#8
Gargi Sawhney, Kristen S Jennings, Thomas W Britt, Michael T Sliter
The goal of this research was to examine the moderating effect of work recovery strategies on the relationship between occupational stress experienced by firefighters and mental health symptoms. Work recovery strategies were identified through semistructured interviews with 20 firefighters and a literature search on recovery strategies. A total of 7 work recovery strategies emerged using the 2 methods: work-related talks, stress-related talks, time with coworkers/supervisor, exercise, recreational activities, relaxation, and mastery experiences...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603133/impact-of-terrorism-on-the-development-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-among-the-residents-of-khyber-bazaar-and-its-immediate-surrounding-areas-in-peshawar-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan
#9
Syed Asad Abbas, Asad Hassan, Shahid Ali
This study evaluated the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the severity of PTSD symptoms in survivors, rescuers and witnesses of terrorist attacks on Khyber bazaar, Qissa Khawani bazaar, and All Saints Church in Peshawar city area. Cross-sectional survey is carried out on a sample of one hundred survivors, rescuers and witness of terrorist attacks using structured interviews to assess the severity of posttraumatic stress, five months after the attacks. The study period extended from January 24, 2014 to March 24, 2014 which constitutes a total of period of 8 weeks...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595332/ability-to-discriminate-between-sustainable-and-unsustainable-heat-stress-exposures-part-1-wbgt-exposure-limits
#10
Ximena P Garzón-Villalba, Yougui Wu, Candi D Ashley, Thomas E Bernard
Objectives: Heat stress exposure limits based on wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT) were designed to limit exposures to those that could be sustained for an 8-h day using limited data from Lind in the 1960s. In general, Sustainable exposures are heat stress levels at which thermal equilibrium can be achieved, and Unsustainable exposures occur when there is a steady increase in core temperature. This paper addresses the ability of the ACGIH® Threshold Limit Value (TLV®) to differentiate between Sustainable and Unsustainable heat exposures, to propose alternative occupational exposure limits, and ask whether an adjustment for body surface area improves the exposure decision...
June 8, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591900/-morbus-google-vs-e-health-a-qualitative-study-of-acceptance-and-implementation-of-online-aftercare-in-inpatient-rehabilitation
#11
Severin Hennemann, Manfred E Beutel, Rüdiger Zwerenz
Introduction Internet- and mobile-based health interventions (IMIs) e. g. in the form of internet-based aftercare can supplement existing treatments of inpatient rehabilitation. Acceptance presents a key precondition to the utilization and clinical implementation of new technologies and was examined in patients and health professionals with qualitative research methods. Methods In 3 inpatient rehabilitation clinics with various diagnostic and age groups, we interviewed n=15 patients individually and n=29 health professionals of various occupational groups in focus groups based on the 'Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology'...
June 7, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589084/calreticulin-in-essential-thrombocythemia-stressing-out-the-megakaryocyte-nucleus
#12
Francisco Jose Iborra, Petros Papadopoulos
Calreticulin (CALR) is a multifaceted protein primarily involved in intracellular protein control processes. The identification of CALR mutations in essential thrombocythemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis that are mutually exclusive with the JAK2 V617F mutation has stirred an intensive research interest about the molecular functions of CALR and its mutants in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) and its diagnostic/prognostic value. The recently characterized protein-protein interaction of CALR mutants and MPL receptor has advanced our knowledge on the functional role of CALR mutants in thrombocythemia but it has also uncovered limitations of the current established research models...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586383/at-risk-and-intervention-thresholds-of-occupational-stress-using-a-visual-analogue-scale
#13
Frédéric Dutheil, Bruno Pereira, Farès Moustafa, Geraldine Naughton, François-Xavier Lesage, Céline Lambert
BACKGROUND: The visual analogue scale (VAS) is widely used in clinical practice by occupational physicians to assess perceived stress in workers. However, a single cut-off (black-or-white decision) inadequately discriminates between workers with and without stress. We explored an innovative statistical approach to distinguish an at-risk population among stressed workers, and to establish a threshold over which an action is urgently required, via the use of two cut-offs. METHODS: Participants were recruited during annual work medical examinations by a random sample of workers from five occupational health centres...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584334/-nanogold-biological-effects-and-occupational-exposure-levels
#14
Anna Maria Świdwińska-Gajewska, Sławomir Czerczak
Nanogold has different properties and biological activity compared to metallic gold. It can be applied in many fields, such as medicine, laboratory diagnostics and electronics. Studies on laboratory animals show that nanogold can be absorbed by inhalation and ingestion. It can penetrate deep into the epidermis and dermis, but there is no evidence that it is absorbed through the skin. Gold nanoobjects accumulate mainly in the liver and spleen, but they can also reach other internal organs. Nanogold can cross the blood-brain and blood-placenta barriers...
May 9, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584332/immunological-and-genotoxic-effects-of-occupational-exposure-to-%C3%AE-cypermethrin-pesticide
#15
El-Sayed El-Okda, Mona Abdel-Aal Abdel-Hamid, Ahmed Mohamed Hamdy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work has been to find out the occupational oxidative stress, immunological and genotoxic health hazards among α-cypermethrin (CYP) pesticide-exposed workers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed including 200 workers divided into 3 groups according to the level of exposure: highly exposed group (50 workers), moderately exposed group (50 workers) and unexposed group (100 workers). All workers were subjected to detailed laboratory investigation for gene P53 mutations, immunological parameters as a cluster of differentiation into 3 percentage (CD3%), CD4% and CD8% in addition to peripheral blood total leukocytic and platelet counts that were measured...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584316/stress-at-the-place-of-work-and-cognitive-functions-among-women-performing-intellectual-work-during-peri-and-post-menopausal-period
#16
Mariusz Gujski, Jarosław Pinkas, Tomasz Juńczyk, Adrianna Pawełczak-Barszczowska, Dorota Raczkiewicz, Alfred Owoc, Iwona Bojar
OBJECTIVES: The analysis of the relationship between stress at work and results of cognitive functions amongst women, at peri- and post-menopausal age, performing intellectual work. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group included women, aged 45-66 years old, employed as intellectual workers. Research instruments were: the Montreal Cognitive Assessment; computer tests of the CNS Vital Signs; the Subjective Work Characteristics Questionnaire, and a questionnaire designed by the author...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584311/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-in-the-case-of-72-year-old-teacher-after-work-related-psychological-stress-evolution-of-left-ventricular-longitudinal-strain-delayed-but-complete-recovery-in-automated-function-imaging-afi
#17
Karina Wierzbowska-Drabik, Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Piotr Hamala, Ewa Trzos, Piotr Lipiec, Małgorzata Kurpesa, Radosław Kręcki, Michał Plewka, Jarosław D Kasprzak
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is related to a transient systolic dysfunction of left ventricle (LV), accompanied by clinical and electrocardiographic symptoms of myocardial ischemia in the absence of hemodynamically significant coronary artery disease. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is usually provoked by a psychologically or/and physically stressful event which may be related to occupational activities. Although visually assessed evolution of LV function is well documented, the data concerning strain changes is sparse and various patterns of deformation abnormalities are suggested...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582947/age-related-associations-between-work-over-commitment-and-zest-for-work-among-swedish-employees-from-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-perspective
#18
Roma Runeson-Broberg, Jean-Baptist du Prel, Peter Westerholm, Maria Nordin, Anders Knutsson, Lars Alfredsson, Göran Fahlén, Richard Peter
BACKGROUND: In aging societies, zest for work may be pivotal when deciding to stay occupationally active longer. Psychosocial work stress is a prevalent public health problem and may have an impact on zest for work. Work over-commitment (WOC) is a personal coping strategy for work stress with excessive striving and a health risk. However, the long-term effect of WOC on zest for work is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the age-related associations of work over-commitment with zest for work...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582946/suicide-among-emergency-and-protective-service-workers-a-retrospective-mortality-study-in-australia-2001-to-2012
#19
A Milner, K Witt, H Maheen, A D LaMontagne
BACKGROUND: Emergency and protective services personnel (e.g., police, ambulance, fire-fighters, defence, prison and security officers) report elevated levels of job stress and health problems. While population-level research is lacking, there has been some research suggesting suicide rates may be elevated in emergency and protective services. OBJECTIVES: This paper compares suicide rates between emergency and protective services occupational groups over a 12-year period (2001-2012) in Australia...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578592/adjunctive-minocycline-treatment-for-major-depressive-disorder-a-proof-of-concept-trial
#20
Olivia M Dean, Buranee Kanchanatawan, Melanie Ashton, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Chee Hong Ng, Michael Maes, Lesley Berk, Atapol Sughondhabirom, Sookjaroen Tangwongchai, Ajeet B Singh, Helen McKenzie, Deidre J Smith, Gin S Malhi, Nathan Dowling, Michael Berk
OBJECTIVE: Conventional antidepressant treatments result in symptom remission in 30% of those treated for major depressive disorder, raising the need for effective adjunctive therapies. Inflammation has an established role in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder, and minocycline has been shown to modify the immune-inflammatory processes and also reduce oxidative stress and promote neuronal growth. This double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial examined adjunctive minocycline (200 mg/day, in addition to treatment as usual) for major depressive disorder...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
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