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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436709/transitioning-from-occupational-therapy-student-to-practicing-occupational-therapist-first-year-of-employment
#1
Randy P McCombie, Meredith E Antanavage
This research examined the transition from occupational therapy student to practicing occupational therapist over the course of one's first year of professional employment, as recalled by a sample of occupational therapists. Surveys were mailed to 500 occupational therapists randomly selected from membership in the American Occupational Therapy Association resulting in 202 returned surveys. Median year of graduation was 1998, ranging from 1967 to 2014. In general, respondents indicated the transition was positive...
April 24, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435553/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-young-dentists-in-indonesia
#2
P Phedy, L Gatam
Introduction: Musculoskeletal problems are often work related. Dentists have been reported to have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal problems. Dentists have to perform repetitive tasks, often in awkward and nonergonomic positions in their practice. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Five-hundred copies of Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire were distributed to dentists who participated in a congress of a regional branch of the Indonesian Dentist Association. Data such as sex, length of practice, the presence of assistance, smoking, occupational stress, body mass index, hand dominance, and exercise were collected...
July 2016: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431034/effects-of-sleep-loss-on-subjective-complaints-and-objective-neurocognitive-performance-as-measured-by-the-immediate-post-concussion-assessment-and-cognitive-testing
#3
Ryan P J Stocker, Hassen Khan, Luke Henry, Anne Germain
Objective: This study examined the effects of total and partial sleep deprivation on subjective symptoms and objective neurocognitive performance, as measured by the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) in a sample of healthy adults. Method: One-hundred and two, right-handed, healthy participants (between ages 18 and 30 years old) completed three consecutive nights in the sleep laboratory with concurrent continuous polysomnography monitoring...
May 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424950/estimated-work-ability-in-warm-outdoor-environments-depends-on-the-chosen-heat-stress-assessment-metric
#4
Peter Bröde, Dusan Fiala, Bruno Lemke, Tord Kjellstrom
With a view to occupational effects of climate change, we performed a simulation study on the influence of different heat stress assessment metrics on estimated workability (WA) of labour in warm outdoor environments. Whole-day shifts with varying workloads were simulated using as input meteorological records for the hottest month from four cities with prevailing hot (Dallas, New Delhi) or warm-humid conditions (Managua, Osaka), respectively. In addition, we considered the effects of adaptive strategies like shielding against solar radiation and different work-rest schedules assuming an acclimated person wearing light work clothes (0...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421641/it-is-not-just-about-occupation-but-also-about-where-you-work
#5
Hanne Berthelsen, Hugo Westerlund, Jari J Hakanen, Tage S Kristensen
OBJECTIVES: Dentistry is characterized by a meaningful but also stressful psychosocial working environment. Job satisfaction varies among staff working under different organizational forms. The aim of this study was to identify (i) to what extent crucial psychosocial work environment characteristics differ among occupations in general public dental clinics in Sweden, and (ii) how much of the variation within each occupation is attributable to the organizational level. METHODS: All staff (N=1782) employed in four public dental organizations received an email with personal log-in to an electronic questionnaire based on the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire...
April 18, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419796/-third-working-conditions-and-health-survey-in-navarre-spain-main-findings
#6
Vega García
OBJECTIVE: To describe health problems and working conditions perceived by workers of Navarra, Spain. METHODS: Conduct of the Third Survey of Working Conditions and Health in Navarre. We administered the Seventh Spanish National Survey of Working Conditions questionnaire by personal interviews conducted in the workers' homes between October 2014 and December 2014, and using a three-stage stratified sampling approach, by economic activity, work establishment size and gender...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418335/evaluation-of-dynamic-disulphide-thiol-homeostasis-in-silica-exposed-workers
#7
Meşide Gündüzöz, Ceylan Bal, Murat Büyükşekerci, Salim Neşelioğlu, Türkan Nadir Öziş, Servet İritaş, Halil Kara, Özcan Erel
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is implicated as one of the main molecular mechanism underlying silicosis. AIMS: In this study, our aim was to asses the redox status in occupationally silica-exposed workers, by evaluating the dynamic thiol-disulphide homeostasis. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Thirty-six male workers occupationally exposed to silica particles and 30 healthy volunteers, working as office workers were included to the study...
April 5, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417545/gender-composition-of-the-occupation-sexual-orientation-and-mental-health-in-young-adulthood
#8
Koji Ueno, Preeti Vaghela, Amanda N Nix
The gender composition of the occupation has important implications for work conditions, rewards, and experiences, but little is known about whether it impacts workers' mental health. The present study seeks to answer this question by focusing on depressive symptoms and drug dependence symptoms as mental health outcomes and young adulthood as the life course context. The study further examines whether the association varies by sexual orientation, considering that occupational gender composition affects levels of stress exposure and social support availability in different ways for heterosexuals and sexual minorities...
April 18, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411725/effects-of-heat-stress-on-risk-perceptions-and-risk-taking
#9
Chu-Hsiang Chang, Thomas E Bernard, Jennifer Logan
Exposure to extreme heat at work is a serious occupational hazard, as exposure can result in heat-related illnesses, and it has been linked to increased risk of accidents and injuries. The current study aimed to examine whether heat exposure is related to changes in individuals' psychological process of risk evaluation, and whether acclimatization can mitigate the effect of heat exposure. A study with quasi-experiment research design was used to compare participants' risk perceptions and risk-taking behaviors at baseline, initial exposure to heat, and exposure after acclimatization across male participants who were exposed to heat (N = 6), and males (N = 5) and females (N = 6) who were in the control group who were exposed to ambient temperature...
July 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410567/farm-suicides-in-new-zealand-2007-2015-a-review-of-coroners-records
#10
Annette L Beautrais
OBJECTIVE: Economic recessions and severe weather events are often associated with increased suicide rates. The Global Dairy Crisis 2015/2016 led to an economic downturn in the New Zealand dairy farming industry and, coupled with droughts in some regions and floods in others, raised fears about increased suicide rates among farmers. However, little was known about suicides in the farming sector. This study reviews characteristics of recent farm-related suicides in New Zealand and assesses the extent to which financial stresses contributed to the deaths...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410014/gender-differences-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-u-s-navy-healthcare-personnel
#11
Andrew J MacGregor, Mary C Clouser, Jonathan A Mayo, Michael R Galarneau
BACKGROUND: The role of women in the U.S. military has changed markedly over the course of 20th- and 21st-century conflicts. Although women frequently occupy healthcare positions in the military, little is known about gender differences in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) within this occupational subgroup. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 4275 (667 women and 3608 men) U.S. Navy healthcare personnel supporting military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan were identified from electronic deployment records...
April 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408363/wittyfit-live-your-work-differently-study-protocol-for-a-workplace-delivered-health-promotion
#12
Frédéric Dutheil, Martine Duclos, Geraldine Naughton, Samuel Dewavrin, Thomas Cornet, Pascal Huguet, Jean-Claude Chatard, Bruno Pereira
BACKGROUND: Morbidity before retirement has a huge cost, burdening both public health and workplace finances. Multiple factors increase morbidity such as stress at work, sedentary behavior or low physical activity, and poor nutrition practices. Nowadays, the digital world offers infinite opportunities to interact with workers. The WittyFit software was designed to understand holistic issues of workers by promoting individualized behavior changes at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: The shorter term feasibility objective is to demonstrate that effective use of WittyFit will increase well-being and improve health-related behaviors...
April 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407135/pro-heat-stress-as-a-potential-etiology-of-mesoamerican-and-sri-lankan-nephropathy-a-late-night-consult-with-sherlock-holmes
#13
Richard J Johnson
Epidemics of chronic kidney disease are now recognized in Central America, Mexico, India and Sri Lanka, and there is also some evidence that similar epidemics may be occurring in the USA, Thailand and elsewhere. A common denominator for each location is manually working outside in extremely hot environments. Here we review the evidence that the primary etiology may be heat stress related to repeated subclinical or clinical acute kidney injury that eventually manifests as chronic kidney disease. In some aspects, the disease may manifest as subclinical heat stroke, subclinical rhabdomyolysis or a subclinical tumor lysis syndrome...
April 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407025/relationships-between-temperaments-occupational-stress-and-insomnia-among-japanese-workers
#14
Yasuhiko Deguchi, Shinichi Iwasaki, Hideyuki Ishimoto, Koichiro Ogawa, Yuichi Fukuda, Tomoko Nitta, Tomoe Mitake, Yukako Nogi, Koki Inoue
Insomnia among workers reduces the quality of life, contributes toward the economic burden of healthcare costs and losses in work performance. The relationship between occupational stress and insomnia has been reported in previous studies, but there has been little attention to temperament in occupational safety and health research. The aim of this study was to clarify the relationships between temperament, occupational stress, and insomnia. The subjects were 133 Japanese daytime local government employees...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407021/analysis-of-the-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-overactive-bladder-in-adult-korean-men
#15
So Young Kim, Woojin Bang, Hyo Geun Choi
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a prevalent condition characterized by lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Age, education, income, marital status, sleep, and emotional problems have been associated with OAB; however, conflicting results exist. The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of OAB and comprehensively analyze its associated factors in a large cross-sectional, population-based study. The data of 94,554 participants aged 19-107 were analyzed from the Korean Community Health Survey (KCHS) of 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406613/massive-parallel-analysis-of-single-cells-in-an-integrated-microfluidic-platform
#16
Rocio Jimena Jimenez-Valdez, Roberto Rodriguez-Moncayo, Diana Fabiola Cedillo-Alcantar, Jose Luis Garcia-Cordero
New tools that facilitate the study of cell-to-cell variability could help uncover novel cellular regulation mechanisms. We present an integrated microfluidic platform to analyze a large number of single cells in parallel. To isolate and analyze thousands of individual cells in multiplexed conditions, our platform incorporates arrays of microwells (7 pL each) in a multilayered microfluidic device. The device allows the simultaneous loading of cells into 16 separate chambers, each containing 4,640 microwells, for a total of 74,240 wells per device...
April 13, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399357/pressure-pain-sensitivity-marker-for-stress-affecting-general-health
#17
Václav Vaněček, Milan Tuček, Søren Ballegaard
OBJECTIVE: The study examined the links between pressure pain sensitivity (PPS) measured during preventive medical examination of men, their health status and occupation. METHODS: A one year (2015-2016) convenience sampling technique was used to gain primary data from actual medical examination, health records (personal and occupational history) and pressure pain sensitivity (PPS) measured by Ull Meter equipment during preventive medical examination of 371 men of different occupations (average age 43...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397510/a-profile-of-perceived-stress-factors-among-nursing-staff-working-with-intellectually-disabled-in-patients-at-the-free-state-psychiatric-complex-south-africa
#18
Maria Conradie, Danelle Erwee, Isabel Serfontein, Maré Visser, Frikkie J W Calitz, Gina Joubert
INTRODUCTION: Nursing staff working with intellectually disabled in-patients experience unique stress factors that can influence their personal well-being and work performance. OBJECTIVES: To compile a profile of stress factors experienced by nursing staff working with intellectually disabled in-patients at the Free State Psychiatric Complex (FSPC). METHODS: This descriptive study included 89 nursing staff members from this environment. A questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic information and determine personal and occupational stressors...
March 16, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397324/determinants-of-substance-use-amongst-brazilians-residing-in-the-uk-the-role-of-acculturation
#19
Martha Canfield, Marcia Worrell, Catherine Gilvarry
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Evidence suggests that patterns of substance use are changing amongst some members of migrant groups in the UK. This study explored the extent to which residing in the UK has an impact on substance use behaviours amongst Brazilian migrants. DESIGN AND METHODS: A mixed methods approach was adopted comparing Brazilians residing in the UK (n = 164) and Brazilians residing in Brazil (n = 161), age 27.82 (SD = 5.65) average. Participants' socio-demographic characteristics, resilience, personality traits, drinking motives, psychological distress, frequency of alcohol intake, smoking and other drugs used (Brazil and UK), acculturation outcomes and length of residence (UK) were explored...
April 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394294/relationship-between-occupational-stress-5-ht2a-receptor-polymorphisms-and-mental-health-in-petroleum-workers-in-the-xinjiang-arid-desert-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Ting Jiang, Hua Ge, Jian Sun, Rong Li, Rui Han, Jiwen Liu
At present, there is growing interest in research examining the relationship between occupational stress and mental health. Owing to the socioeconomic impact of occupational stress and the unique environment of petroleum workers in Xinjiang, a cross-sectional study was carried out between April and December 2015 to investigate the relationship between occupational stress, 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor (5-HTR2A) genotype, and mental health. A total of 1485 workers were selected. The Symptom Checklist 90 was used to assess nine classes of psychological symptoms...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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