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Heart valve diameter changes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329333/pre-and-postoperative-tricuspid-regurgitation-in-patients-with-severe-symptomatic-aortic-stenosis-importance-of-pre-operative-tricuspid-annulus-diameter
#1
Claire Dumont, Elena Galli, Emmanuel Oger, Maxime Fournet, Erwan Flecher, Christophe Leclercq, Jean-Philippe Verhoye, Erwan Donal
Aims: Secondary tricuspid regurgitation (STR) is commonly found in patients with aortic stenosis and is associated with increased morbidity. The study sought to evaluate the prevalence of pre-operative STR and its progression after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) or transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Also, it sought to analyse the predictors of post-operative changes in STR. Methods and results: We prospectively evaluated 116 patients (aged 75...
March 7, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329042/longitudinal-cardiovascular-outcomes-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#2
Zarmina Ehsan, Stacey L Ishman, Thomas R Kimball, Nanhua Zhang, Yuanshu Zou, Raouf S Amin
Objectives: The presence of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is known to impact long-term cardiovascular morbidity in adults; however, the long-term effects in children are poorly understood. We aimed to systematically review and synthesize studies published to date on the long-term effects of SDB in children. Study Design: Meta-analysis and systematic review using PubMed, CINAHL,Embase and Scopus (all indexed years). Methods: We searched for English-language articles containing original human data from prospective studies, with ≥7 participants, in children ≤18 years of age...
January 28, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295792/biventricular-impact-of-mild-to-moderate-pulmonary-valve-stenosis-in-fetal-life
#3
L Guirado, F Crispi, N Masoller, M Bennasar, E Marimon, J Carretero, E Gratacós, J M Martínez, M K Friedberg, O Gómez
OBJECTIVES: to define the pattern of fetal echocardiographic changes associated with isolated pulmonary valve stenosis (PS) and to correlate the echocardiographic findings with the neonatal outcome and the need of postnatal pulmonary valvuloplasty within the first 12 months of life. METHODS: a prospective cohort study was designed on 16 fetuses with isolated PS and 48 controls matched by gestational age at scan (+/- 2 weeks). Fetal standard ultrasound and comprehensive echocardiography, which included cardiovascular morphometric parameters, systolic and diastolic functional and timing-measurements, were performed in all cases...
March 10, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283233/effect-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-size-and-position-on-valve-in-valve-hemodynamics-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-study
#4
Ali N Azadani, Michael Reardon, Matheus Simonato, Gabriel Aldea, Georg Nickenig, Ran Kornowski, Danny Dvir
OBJECTIVE: Transcatheter heart valve implantation in failed aortic bioprostheses (valve-in-valve [ViV]) is an increasingly used therapeutic option for high-risk patients. However, high postprocedural gradients are a significant limitation of aortic ViV. Our objective was to evaluate Medtronic CoreValve Evolut R ViV hemodynamics in relation to the degree of device oversizing and depth of implantation. METHODS: Evolut R devices of 23 and 26 mm were implanted within 21-, 23-, and 25-mm Hancock II bioprostheses...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243777/blood-pooling-in-extrathoracic-veins-after-glossopharyngeal-insufflation
#5
Tanja Mijacika, Daria Frestad, Kasper Kyhl, Otto Barak, Ivan Drvis, Niels H Secher, Ante Buca, Ante Obad, Zeljko Dujic, Per Lav Madsen
PURPOSE: Trained breath-hold divers hyperinflate their lungs by glossopharyngeal insufflation (GPI) to prolong submersion time and withstand lung collapse at depths. Pulmonary hyperinflation leads to profound hemodynamic changes. METHODS: Thirteen divers performed preparatory breath-holds followed by apnea with GPI. Filling of extrathoracic veins was determined by ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging and peripheral extravasation of fluid was assessed by electrical impedance...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067199/computed-tomography-in-patients-with-tricuspid-regurgitation-prior-to-transcatheter-valve-repair-dynamic-analysis-of-the-annulus-with-an-individually-tailored-contrast-media-protocol
#6
Ricarda Hinzpeter, Matthias Eberhard, Philipp Burghard, Felix C Tanner, Maurizio Taramasso, Robert Manka, Gudrun Feuchtner, Francesco Maisano, Hatem Alkadhi
AIMS: The aim of this study is to present a contrast media (CM) protocol for the dynamic visualisation of the tricuspid valve (TV) and tricuspid annulus (TA) with CT. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifteen patients with no cardiac abnormalities (controls), 15 patients with functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) <3+, and 13 patients with FTR ≥3+ underwent a dedicated cardiac CT protocol. Using advanced visualisation, segmentation and analysis software, the annular area, entire annular circumference, its three parts, and annular diameters were measured by two independent, blinded readers...
February 3, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041955/cardiac-dysfunction-in-children-and-young-adults-with-heart-transplantation-a-comprehensive-echocardiography-study
#7
Marcello Chinali, Claudia Esposito, Giorgia Grutter, Roberta Iacobelli, Alessandra Toscano, Maria Grazia D'Asaro, Alessia Del Pasqua, Gianluca Brancaccio, Francesco Parisi, Fabrizio Drago, Gabriele Rinelli
BACKGROUND: Transplanted heart dysfunction is a serious life-threatening condition in pediatric transplant recipients. Several studies have focused on echocardiographic detection of early signs of cardiac dysfunction in this population. We evaluated advanced echocardiographic indices of cardiac function in a large sample of children and young adults with heart transplants with apparently normal cardiac function. METHODS: The study included 60 patients with normal ejection fraction with transplantation performed at pediatric age between 1986 and 2014 and 60 healthy control subjects...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989051/pga-polyglycolic-acid-p4hb-poly-4-hydroxybutyrate-based-bioengineered-valves-in-the-rat-aortic-circulation
#8
Agnieszka A Książek, Katharyn J Mitchell, Nikola Cesarovic, Colin C Schwarzwald, Simon P Hoerstrup, Benedikt Weber
BACKGROUND: Bioengineered living autologous valves with remodeling and growth capacity represent a promising concept for future cardiac and venous valve repair. A meticulous understanding of the mechanisms involved in recellularization and remodeling is essential for the safe and efficient clinical translation of this technology. In this context, the first investigations of bioengineered vascular grafts in immune-incompetent or transgenic rodents represented an important step. However, the in-vivo assessment of bioengineered synthetic scaffold-based (biodegradable) valve replacements in rodent models has not been achieved to date...
May 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876001/severe-mitral-regurgitation-due-to-mitral-leaflet-aneurysm-diagnosed-by-three-dimensional-transesophageal-echocardiography-a-case-report
#9
Takao Konishi, Naohiro Funayama, Tadashi Yamamoto, Daisuke Hotta, Kenjiro Kikuchi, Katsumi Ohori, Hiroshi Nishihara, Shinya Tanaka
BACKGROUND: A small mitral valve aneurysm (MVA) presenting as severe mitral regurgitation (MR) is uncommon. CASE PRESENTATION: A 47-year-old man with a history of hypertension complained of exertional chest discomfort. A transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) revealed the presence of MR and prolapse of the posterior leaflet. A 6-mm in diameter MVA, not clearly visualized by TTE, was detected on the posterior leaflet on a three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)...
November 22, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670128/percutaneous-pulmonary-valve-implantation-associated-ventricular-tachycardia-in-congenital-heart-disease
#10
Robert W Loar, Athar M Qureshi, Christina Y Miyake, Santiago O Valdes, Jeffrey J Kim, Caridad M De la Uz
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) is utilized for dysfunctional right ventricular outflow tracts (RVOT) to relieve obstruction, regurgitation, and RV dysfunction. PPVI has not been reported to induce arrhythmias. This study is the first to report the incidence of ventricular tachycardia (VT) after PPVI. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all patients who had PPVI at a single institution. All patients were admitted after PPVI for overnight telemetry monitoring...
December 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617906/does-the-different-type-of-pulmonary-hypertension-cause-the-same-effect-on-right-heart-and-serum-asymmetrical-dimethylarg%C3%A4-n%C3%A4-ne-levels-in-female-patients
#11
G Taçoy, H D Başer, A Çengel, K Başer, Ö Kuş, A F Tuncel, A Bolayır, H Paşaoğlu, B Boyaci, R Yalçın
Objective: Right heart function is a major determinant of clinical outcome in patients with elevated pulmonary artery pressure due to pulmonary venous hypertension (PVH) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. In our study, we aimed to evaluate if different type of pulmonary hypertension (PH) cause the same effect on right heart functions and serum asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels in female patients...
March 14, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614737/impact-of-changes-in-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-on-survival-after-transapical-aortic-valve-implantation
#12
Augusto D'Onofrio, Laura Besola, Giulio Rizzoli, Eleonora Bizzotto, Erica Manzan, Chiara Tessari, Roberto Bianco, Giuseppe Tarantini, Luigi P Badano, Massimo Napodano, Chiara Fraccaro, Demetrio Pittarello, Gino Gerosa
BACKGROUND: This single-center retrospective study assessed the variation of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation and its effect on survival. We also evaluated the effect of sheath diameter on LVEF. METHODS: We analyzed data of all consecutive patients who underwent transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation with the Sapien (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA) device (and its evolutions) between 2009 and 2015...
February 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542407/cardiac-neural-crest-ablation-results-in-early-endocardial-cushion-and-hemodynamic-flow-abnormalities
#13
Pei Ma, Shi Gu, Ganga H Karunamuni, Michael W Jenkins, Michiko Watanabe, Andrew M Rollins
Cardiac neural crest cell (CNCC) ablation creates congenital heart defects (CHDs) that resemble those observed in many syndromes with craniofacial and cardiac consequences. The loss of CNCCs causes a variety of great vessel defects, including persistent truncus arteriosus and double-outlet right ventricle. However, because of the lack of quantitative volumetric measurements, less severe defects, such as great vessel size changes and valve defects, have not been assessed. Also poorly understood is the role of abnormal cardiac function in the progression of CNCC-related CHDs...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423215/correlation-between-structural-changes-and-acute-thrombogenicity-in-transcatheter-pericardium-valves-after-crimping-and-balloon-deployment
#14
J-M Bourget, R Zegdi, J Lin, P Wawryko, Y Merhi, C Convelbo, J Mao, Y Fu, T Xu, N O Merkel, L Wang, L Germain, Z Zhang, R Guidoin
INTRODUCTION: Transcathether heart valve replacement has gained considerable acceptance during the last decades. It is now part of the armamentarium for aortic valve replacement. The procedure proved to be highly efficient. However the issues of the blood compatibility and tissue durability were not raised and the adverse events were probably under-reported, according to observations of thrombosis after deployment. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Bovine pericardium leaflets were sewn inside a 26mm diameter stainless steel stent to manufacture these valves (one control and two experimental)...
July 13, 2016: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27368710/echocardiographic-effects-of-dexmedetomidine-ketamine-in-chinchillas-chinchilla-lanigera
#15
Grayson A Doss, Christoph Mans, Rebecca L Stepien
Alpha2-agonist anesthetic combinations are often used in rodent anesthesia but no information about their effects on cardiac function in chinchillas exists. The purpose of this study was to utilize echocardiography to evaluate the cardiovascular effects of dexmedetomidine-ketamine anesthesia in chinchillas. Echocardiographic examinations were performed in eight adult chinchillas under manual restraint and following dexmedetomidine (0.015 mg/kg) and ketamine (4 mg/kg) administration. Dexmedetomidine-ketamine anesthesia resulted in a significantly decreased heart rate, fractional shortening, cardiac output, and flow velocity across the aortic and pulmonic valves, and significantly increased left ventricular internal diameter in systole...
February 2017: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141955/associations-of-mmp-2-bax-and-bcl-2-mrna-and-protein-expressions-with-development-of-atrial-fibrillation
#16
Shu-Ling Diao, Hui-Pu Xu, Bei Zhang, Bao-Xin Ma, Xian-Liang Liu
BACKGROUND To examine changes of mRNA and protein expressions of MMP-2, Bcl-2, and BAX in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, and investigate the correlations among these 3 biomarkers. MATERIAL AND METHODS Rheumatic heart disease patients (n=158) undergoing cardiac surgical procedures for mitral valve repair or replacement were included as the AF group (n=123), containing paroxysmal AF (n=42), persistent AF (n=36), and permanent AF (n=45). Rheumatic heart disease patients with sinus rhythm (SR) (n=35) were enrolled as the SR group (control group)...
May 4, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106424/intraoperative-quantitative-mitral-valve-analysis-using-optical-tracking-technology
#17
Sandy Engelhardt, Ivo Wolf, Sameer Al-Maisary, Harald Schmidt, Hans-Peter Meinzer, Matthias Karck, Raffaele De Simone
PURPOSE: Analysis of mitral valve morphology during reconstruction is routinely based on visual assessment and subjective, poorly reproducible measurements. We prove the feasibility of a new intraoperative system for quantitative mitral valve analysis. DESCRIPTION: The proposed computer-based assistance system enables accurate intraoperative localization of anatomic landmarks on the mitral valve apparatus using optical tracking technology. Measurement and visualization strategies were specifically developed and tailored for mitral valve operations...
May 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27056128/impact-of-percutaneous-mitral-valve-repair-using-the-mitraclip-system-on-tricuspid-regurgitation
#18
Antonio H Frangieh, Christiane Gruner, Fran Mikulicic, Adrian Attinger-Toller, Felix C Tanner, Maurizio Taramasso, Roberto Corti, Jürg Grünenfelder, Thomas F Lüsche, Frank Ruschitzka, Dominique Bettex, Francesco Maisano, Oliver Gaemperli
AIMS: Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) severity and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction have been identified as significant predictors of outcome after mitral valve surgery. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) with the MitraClip system on functional TR severity and RV function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 119 consecutive patients with severe mitral regurgitation who underwent PMVR, 67 had complete baseline and follow-up transthoracic echocardiography after 3-12 months (6...
April 8, 2016: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27016790/aortic-valve-replacement-with-a-17-mm-mechanical-prosthesis-in-octogenarian-or-older-patients
#19
Tatsuya Ogawa, Masahiko Onoe, Souji Moriwaki, Keisuke Shioji, Ayumi Iwamuro, Takashi Uegaito, Mitsuo Matsuda
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have reported on aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients aged >80 years who have small aortic annuli. Various surgical techniques have been proposed for treating such patients. We investigated AVR using small-diameter mechanical valves, in patients aged >80 years, to determine its effectiveness. METHODS: Eighteen consecutive patients (15 women; 3 men) aged >80 (mean: 83.3 ± 2.7) years underwent surgical AVR with a 17-mm prosthesis...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006478/evolution-of-mitral-valve-prolapse-insights-from-the-framingham-heart-study
#20
Francesca N Delling, Jian Rong, Martin G Larson, Birgitta Lehman, Deborah Fuller, Ewa Osypiuk, Plamen Stantchev, Brianne Hackman, Warren J Manning, Emelia J Benjamin, Robert A Levine, Ramachandran S Vasan
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal studies of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) progression among unselected individuals in the community, including those with nondiagnostic MVP morphologies (NDMs), are lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured longitudinal changes in annular diameter, leaflet displacement, thickness, anterior/posterior leaflet projections onto the annulus, coaptation height, and mitral regurgitation jet height in 261 Framingham Offspring participants at examination 5 who had available follow-up imaging 3 to 16 years later...
April 26, 2016: Circulation
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