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Peptic ulcer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937799/can-diet-modulate-helicobacter-pylori-associated-gastric-pathogenesis-an-evidence-based-analysis
#1
Syed Faisal Zaidi, Kanwal Ahmed, Sheikh Abdul Saeed, Usmanghani Khan, Toshiro Sugiyama
Helicobacter pylori is involved in the pathogenesis of gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer. The infection is prevalent in more than half of the world's population. Although the infection may lead to detrimental consequences, still the majority of the infected individuals only develop mild gastritis. Several factors are behind this paradoxical outcome including virulence of the infecting H. pylori strains, genetic background of the host, and factors related to lifestyle such as dietary habits. Among these, lifestyle including dietary factors was not in the limelight, until recently, as one of the important factors that could modulate H...
September 22, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934668/diabetes-mellitus-increased-all-cause-mortality-rate-among-newly-diagnosed-tuberculosis-patients-in-an-asian-population-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#2
Po-Yen Ko, Shi-Dou Lin, Ming-Chia Hsieh, Yu-Cheng Chen
AIMS: To investigate the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on all-cause mortality among patients with newly-diagnosed tuberculosis (TB) in an Asian population. We also identified risk factors for mortality in these patients. METHODS: The data were obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database and included 9831 newly-diagnosed TB individuals and 1627 TB mortality cases in the period of 2000-2010. The mortality data were divided into a DM group and a non-DM group...
September 1, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932364/role-of-food-in-environmental-transmission-of-helicobacter-pylori
#3
REVIEW
Mohammad Zamani, Amin Vahedi, Zahra Maghdouri, Javad Shokri-Shirvani
Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) is a gram-negative bacterium that has infected more than half of the world's population. This pathogen colonizes the human gastric mucosa and is usually acquired during childhood. It is an important cause of peptic ulcers, chronic gastritis and stomach cancer. Among the risk factors for acquisition of H. pylori infection, poor socioeconomic status, poor sanitization and hygiene practices, and contaminated food and water, are the most significant ones. The main route of H. pylori transmission is still unknown...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925768/the-impact-of-long-term-systemic-glucocorticoid-use-in-severe-asthma-a-uk-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#4
Jonas Daugherty, Xiwu Lin, Richard Baxter, Robert Suruki, Eric Bradford
OBJECTIVE: Systemic glucocorticoids (SGCs) are a treatment option for severe asthma but are associated with the development of adverse events (AEs). Evidence on the extent of SGC use and the relationship between SGC dose and AE risk in severe asthma is limited. METHODS: Patients with severe asthma (Global Initiative for Asthma step 4/5), with no SGC use during the <6-12 months before severe asthma determination (index date) were identified in the UK-based Clinical Practice Research Datalink database (2004-2012)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920145/impact-of-drain-insertion-after-perforated-peptic-ulcer-repair-in-a-japanese-nationwide-database-analysis
#5
K Okumura, K Hida, S Kunisawa, T Nishigori, H Hosogi, Y Sakai, Y Imanaka
BACKGROUND: Many perforated peptic ulcers (PPUs) require surgical repair due to diffuse peritonitis. However, few studies have examined the clinical effects of postoperative drainage after PPU repair. This study aimed to investigate the drain insertion rates in patients who underwent PPU repair in Japan, and to clarify the impact of drain insertion on the postoperative clinical course. METHODS: A retrospective nationwide cohort study was performed using administrative claims data of patients who had undergone PPU repair between 2010 and 2016...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905803/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-complicated-by-barrett-s-esophagus
#6
Andriy Stasyshyn
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm for gastroesophageal reflux disease complicated by Barrett's esophagus in 46 patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm for complicated GERD was developed. To describe the changes in the esophagus with reflux esophagitis, the Los Angeles classification was used. Intestinal metaplasia of the epithelium in the lower third of the esophagus was assessed using videoendoscopy, chromoscopy, and biopsy...
August 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891136/helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-nonmalignant-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Olga Sjomina, Frederic Heluwaert, Driffa Moussata, Marcis Leja
A substantial decrease in Helicobacter pylori-associated peptic ulcer disease has been observed during the last decades. Drug-related ulcers as well as idiopathic ulcers are becoming predominant and are more refractory to treatment; however, H. pylori infection still plays an important role in ulcer bleeding and recurrence after therapy. The effect of H. pylori eradication upon functional dyspepsia symptoms has been reviewed in this article and generally confirms the results of previous meta-analyses. Additional evidence suggests a lack of impact upon the quality of life, in spite of improvement in symptoms...
September 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885223/prescription-audit-of-nsaids-and-gastroprotective-strategy-in-elderly-in-primary-care
#8
Khalid Ahmed Jassim Al Khaja, Sindhan Veeramuthu, Husain Ahmed Isa, Reginald Paul Sequeira
BACKGROUND: The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) is deemed a major risk factor for peptic ulcer disease in elderly population that requires concomitant therapy with gastroprotective agents (GPAs). OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the rational prescribing of NSAIDs and GPAs, and extent of adherence to the guideline recommendations in primary care. METHODS: Nationwide audit of prescriptions issued to elderly patients (≥65 years) with hypertension or diabetic hypertension in primary care...
2017: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878183/a-novel-combination-of-wheat-peptides-and-fucoidan-attenuates-ethanol-induced-gastric-mucosal-damage-through-anti-oxidant-anti-inflammatory-and-pro-survival-mechanisms
#9
Juntao Kan, Molly Hood, Charlie Burns, Jeff Scholten, Jennifer Chuang, Feng Tian, Xingchang Pan, Jun Du, Min Gui
Gastritis or peptic ulcer is believed to affect about half of people worldwide. Traditional medications can lead to adverse effects, therefore, alternative nutritional strategies are needed to prevent the development of gastric mucosal damage. A novel combination of two food-grade ingredients, wheat peptides and fucoidan (WPF), was prepared to treat male Sprague Dawley rats for 30 days before gastric mucosal damage was induced by oral administration of ethanol. The serum levels of biomarkers were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
September 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877088/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-culture-guided-treatment-for-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#10
Samuel Costa, João-Bruno Soares, Raquel Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy/tolerability of a culture-guided approach in the eradication of Helicobacter pylori and identify factors associated with antibiotic resistance/treatment failure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective single-center study included patients who underwent culture-guided treatment for H. pylori infection, after two ineffective eradication attempts, between October 2012 and December 2016. We assessed the following demographic and clinical data of the patients: sex, age, BMI, alcohol and tobacco consumption, history of dyspepsia, peptic ulceration and first-degree relatives with gastric cancer, antibiotic susceptibility results, treatment composition, tolerability, and success...
September 4, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876577/surgical-burden-of-disease-at-a-regional-hospital-in-south-africa
#11
O Swart, J Pape, R Duvenage
BACKGROUND: There is limited published data describing the nature of surgical admissions at a regional level in the South African context. Worcester Hospital General Surgery has introduced an electronic online database to manage its surgical services. This study uses that database to evaluate the surgical burden of disease for the Cape Winelands East and Overberg districts of the Western Cape. METHOD: Admissions data were prospectively captured from February 2012 to January 2016, then retrospectively reviewed and classified into 5 types: (1) elective surgery/investigations (ESI); (2) trauma; (3) burns; (4) non-traumatic surgical emergencies (NTSE); (5) unplanned readmission within 30 days...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875881/declining-prevalence-of-duodenal-ulcer-at-endoscopy-in-ile-ife-nigeria
#12
O Ijarotimi, D O Soyoye, O Adekanle, D A Ndububa, B I Umoru, O I Alatise
BACKGROUND: Duodenal ulcer is the most common peptic ulcer disease worldwide. In the past, sub-Saharan Africa has been described as an area of mixed prevalence for peptic ulcer disease, but recent reports have disputed this. Changes in the prevalence of duodenal ulcer have been reported, with various reasons given for these. OBJECTIVE: To describe the change in endoscopic prevalence of duodenal ulcer at Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital (OAUTH), Ile-Ife, Nigeria, between January 2000 and December 2010...
August 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857894/outcomes-of-patients-hospitalized-with-peptic-ulcer-disease-diagnosed-in-acute-upper-endoscopy
#13
Hanna Malmi, Hannu Kautiainen, Lauri J Virta, Martti A Färkkilä
OBJECTIVES: The incidence and complications of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) have declined, but mortality from bleeding ulcers has remained unchanged. The aims of the current study were to evaluate the significance of PUD among patients admitted for acute upper endoscopy and to evaluate the survival of PUD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective, observational cohort study, data on 1580 acute upper endoscopy cases during 2012-2014 were collected. A total of 649 patients were included with written informed consent...
August 29, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850590/associations-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-peptic-disease-with-diabetic-mellitus-results-from-a-large-population-based-study
#14
Saeda Haj, Gabriel Chodick, Rotem Refaeli, Sophy Goren, Varda Shalev, Khitam Muhsen
BACKGROUND: Evidence is conflicting regarding the association between Helicobacter pylori infection and diabetes mellitus. The study objective was to examine associations of H. pylori infection, gastric ulcers and duodenal ulcers, with diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was undertaken using coded data from the computerized database of Maccabi Health Services in Israel, on 147,936 individuals aged 25-95 years who underwent the urea breath test during 2002-2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844484/tlr2-arg677trp-but-not-tlr2-196-to-174-ins-del-and-arg753gln-polymorphism-alter-the-risk-of-peptic-ulcer-in-north-of-iran
#15
Maryam Habibzadeh, Mehdi Tourani, Javad Shokri-Shirvani, Amrollah Mostafazadeh, Soraya Khafri, Hamid Reza Nouri
BACKGROUND: Most polymorphisms that occur in TLR-2 are associated with gastrointestinal disorders such as peptic ulcer disease (PUD). Hence, in current study, association between TLR2-196 to -174 ins/del, Arg753Gln and Arg677Trp polymorphisms and risk of PUD development in north of Iran was evaluated. METHODS: This case-control study included 50 patients with PUD as cases and 50 people without peptic ulcer as control group. Blood and endoscopic biopsies were collected...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837684/association-of-peptic-ulcer-disease-with-obesity-nutritional-components-and-blood-parameters-in-the-korean-population
#16
Jihye Kim, Keun Ho Kim, Bum Ju Lee
OBJECTIVES: Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a common disorder, but whether an association exists between PUD and anthropometric indicators remains controversial. Furthermore, no studies on the association of PUD with anthropometric indices, blood parameters, and nutritional components have been reported. The aim of this study was to assess associations of anthropometrics, blood parameters, nutritional components, and lifestyle factors with PUD in the Korean population. METHODS: Data were collected from a nationally representative sample of the South Korean population using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837280/-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-risk-of-kidney-disease
#17
François Paquot, Jean-Marie Krzesinski
Regarded as safe and effective for management of upper peptic ulcer disease due to gastric acid secretion, the proton pump inhibitors are among the most commonly prescribed drugs. Their use, however, is not without concerns. Acute kidney injury, mainly due to acute interstitial nephritis, could happen 1.5 to 2 times more frequently when using these drugs. Moreover, a risk for chronic kidney disease has also be noted with proton pump inhibitor use (1.15 to 1.8 increased risk), although biases may exist due to confounding factors related to the observational nature of the studies...
August 23, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834889/the-association-between-peptic-ulcer-diseases-and-mental-health-problems-a-population-based-study-a-strobe-compliant-article
#18
Young Bok Lee, Jihan Yu, Hyun Ho Choi, Bu Seok Jeon, Hyung-Keun Kim, Sang-Woo Kim, Sung Soo Kim, Yong Gyu Park, Hiun Suk Chae
This study aimed to investigate the association between the prevalence of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and mental health problems, such as severe stress, depressive mood, and suicidal ideation.The population-based cross-sectional study was comprised of 14,266 subjects participating in the fourth annual Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination survey from 2007 to 2009. The participants were divided into 2 groups according to the self-reported questionnaires: the PUD group and the non-PUD group. The association between PUD and mental health problems, such as severe stress, depressed mood, suicidal ideation, and psychological counseling history, were evaluated by using multivariate analysis and logistic regression...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833968/endoscopic-characteristics-of-infection-associated-peptic-ulcers
#19
Seong-Hyung Choi, Dong-Min Kim, Jun Lee, Na Ra Yun
BACKGROUND: Aside from Helicobacter pylori, another cause for the development or worsening of gastrointestinal ulcers is scrub typhus, an acute febrile disease caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi. We aimed to compare the endoscopic characteristics of peptic ulcers caused by these infectious agents. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study involved patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy at Chosun University Hospital in Korea. We compared endoscopic features and demographic characteristics between patients with H...
August 18, 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833386/radioiodination-and-biological-evaluation-of-nizatidine-as-a-new-highly-selective-radiotracer-for-peptic-ulcer-disorder-detection
#20
M H Sanad, F A Marzook, Gehan M Saleh
Nizatidine has been labeled using [(125/123) I] with chloramine-T (Ch-T) as oxidizing agent. Factors such as the amount of oxidizing agent, amount of substrate, pH, reaction temperature and reaction time, have been systematically studied to optimize the iodination. Biodistribution studies indicate the suitability of radioiodinated nizatidine as a novel tracer to image stomach ulcer. Radioiodinated nizatidine may be considered a highly selective radiotracer for peptic ulcer imaging.
August 18, 2017: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
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