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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346861/biomimetic-remineralization-of-carious-lesions-by-self-assembling-peptide
#1
L Kind, S Stevanovic, S Wuttig, S Wimberger, J Hofer, B Müller, U Pieles
Caries is the most common disease in the world. Great efforts have been undertaken for prevention and to identify a regenerative treatment solution for dental caries. Self-assembling β-sheet forming peptides have previously shown to form 3-dimensional fiber networks supporting tissue regeneration. In particular, the self-assembling peptide P11-4 has shown potential in the treatment and prevention of dental caries. It has previously been shown that application of monomeric P11-4 solution to early carious lesions can increase net mineral gain by forming de novo hydroxyapatite crystals...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346787/assembly-and-speed-in-ion-exchange-based-modular-phoretic-micro-swimmers
#2
Ran Niu, Denis Botin, Julian Weber, Alexander Reinmüller, Thomas Palberg
We report an experimental study on ion-exchange based modular micro-swimmers in low-salt water. Cationic ion-exchange particles and passive cargo particles assemble into self-propelling complexes, showing self-propulsion at speeds of several microns per second over extended distances and times. We quantify the assembly and speed of the complexes for different combinations of ion exchange particles and cargo particles, substrate types, salt types and concentrations, and cell geometries. Irrespective of experimental boundary conditions, we observe a regular development of the assembly shape with increasing number of cargo...
March 27, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346778/direct-measurement-of-the-angular-pair-correlations-coefficients-in-molecular-liquids-using-nmr-benchmarking-force-fields-for-atomistic-simulations
#3
Leah Marie Heist, Chi-Duen Poon, Edward Thaddeus Samulski, Demetri J Photinos
High field deuterium NMR spectroscopy is used to characterize a number of molecular liquids and their mixtures in order to probe the directional part of the intermolecular interactions through the orientational ordering induced in the isotropic liquid phase by the spectrometer magnetic field. The systems studied include benzene, chloroform, hexafluorobenzene and thiophene at various concentrations and in mixtures. Dilution with the magnetically isotropic tetramethylsilane provides quantification of ordering at "infinite magnetic dilution", i...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346751/d-fructose-modification-enhanced-internalization-of-mixed-micelles-in-breast-cancer-cells-via-glut5-transporters
#4
Xu Zhou, Xianyan Qin, Tao Gong, Zhi-Rong Zhang, Yao Fu
d-Fructose modified poly(ε-caprolactone)-polyethylene glycol (PCL-PEG-Fru) diblock amphiphile is synthesized via Cu(I)-catalyzed click chemistry, which self-assembles with D-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) into PCL-PEG-Fru/TPGS mixed micelles (PPF MM). It has been proven that glucose transporter (GLUT)5 is overexpressed in MCF-7 cells other than L929 cells. In this study, PPF MM exhibit a significantly higher uptake efficiency than fructose-free PCL-PEG-N3 /TPGS mixed micelles in both 2D MCF-7 cells and 3D tumor spheroids...
March 27, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346558/simple-synthesis-of-multiple-length-scale-structured-nb2o5-with-functional-macrodomain-integrated-mesoporous-frameworks
#5
Seongseop Kim, Inyoung Jeong, Jongkook Hwang, Min Jae Ko, Jinwoo Lee
We report the simple synthesis of macro- and mesostructured Nb2O5 that have functional submicrometer-sized particles (macrodomain) embedded in mesoporous frameworks (nanodomain). Resol can macrophase-separate by self-polymerization and co-assemble with niobia sol into mesostructured frameworks. The resultant materials increase the power conversion efficiency due to light-scattering capability of submicrometer-sized particles.
March 27, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346555/modulation-of-the-cooperativity-in-the-assembly-of-multistranded-supramolecular-polymers
#6
Cristiana Campanella, Elkin Lopez-Fontal, Lilia Milanesi, Salvador Tomas
It is highly desirable that supramolecular polymers self-assemble following small changes in the environment. The degree of responsiveness depends on the degree of cooperativity at play during the assembly. Understanding how to modulate and quantify cooperativity is therefore highly desirable for the study and design of responsive polymers. Here we show that the cooperative assembly of a porphyrin-based, double-stranded polymer is triggered by changes in building blocks and in salt concentration. We develop a model that accounts for this responsiveness by assuming the binding of the salt countercations to the double-stranded polymer...
March 27, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346459/directed-self-assembly-a-dress-code-for-block-copolymers
#7
Christopher K Ober
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346456/sub-10-nm-patterning-via-directed-self-assembly-of-block-copolymer-films-with-a-vapour-phase-deposited-topcoat
#8
Hyo Seon Suh, Do Han Kim, Priya Moni, Shisheng Xiong, Leonidas E Ocola, Nestor J Zaluzec, Karen K Gleason, Paul F Nealey
Directed self-assembly (DSA) of the domain structure in block copolymer (BCP) thin films is a promising approach for sub-10-nm surface patterning. DSA requires the control of interfacial properties on both interfaces of a BCP film to induce the formation of domains that traverse the entire film with a perpendicular orientation. Here we show a methodology to control the interfacial properties of BCP films that uses a polymer topcoat deposited by initiated chemical vapour deposition (iCVD). The iCVD topcoat forms a crosslinked network that grafts to and immobilizes BCP chains to create an interface that is equally attractive to both blocks of the underlying copolymer...
March 27, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345938/mimicking-ph-gated-ionic-channel-by-polyelectrolyte-complex-confinement-inside-single-nanopore
#9
Yixuan Zhao, Jean-Marc Janot, Emmanuel Balanzat, Sebastien Balme
Biological channels have served as inspiration to design stimuli-response artificial nanopore. Here we propose an original approach to design pH-gate nanopore based on polyethylenimine and chondroitin-4-sulfate (ChS) layer-by-layer self-assembly. This approach is interesting because it is rapid and permits a monitoring in real time of functionalization. The study of ionic transport through these single nanopores reveals a selectivity on anions and pH-gate properties at low salt concentration. It is open at pH below 4 or 5 depending salt concentration...
March 27, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345874/delivery-of-pesticides-to-plant-parasitic-nematodes-using-tobacco-mild-green-mosaic-virus-as-a-nanocarrier
#10
Paul L Chariou, Nicole F Steinmetz
Plant parasitic nematodes are a major burden to the global agricultural industry, causing a $157 billion loss each year in crop production worldwide. Effective treatment requires large doses of nematicides to be applied, putting the environment and human health at risk. Challenges are to treat nematodes that are located deep within the soil, feeding on the roots of plants. To attack the problem at its roots, we propose the use of tobacco mild green mosaic virus (TMGMV), an EPA-approved herbicide as a carrier to deliver nematicides...
March 27, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345873/impact-of-semiconducting-perylene-diimide-nanoparticle-size-on-lymph-node-mapping-and-cancer-imaging
#11
Zhen Yang, Rui Tian, Jinjun Wu, Quli Fan, Bryant C Yung, Gang Niu, Orit Jacobson, Zhantong Wang, Gang Liu, Guocan Yu, Wei Huang, Jibin Song, Xiaoyuan Chen
Semiconducting molecules of perylene diimide (PDI) with strong light absorption property in the near-infrared region and good biocompatibility have received increasing attention in the field of theranostics, especially as photoacoustic (PA) imaging agents. Herein, we report a series of [64Cu]-labeled PDI nanoparticles (NPs) of different sizes (30, 60, 100 and 200 nm) as dual positron emission tomography (PET) and PA imaging probes and photothermal therapy agents. The precise size control of the PDI NPs can be achieved by adjusting the initial concentration of PDI molecules in the self-assembly process, and the photophysical property of different sized PDI NPs was studied in detail...
March 27, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345695/anion-dependent-self-assembly-of-copper-coordination-polymers-based-on-pyrazole-3-5-dicarboxylate-and-1-2-di-4-pyridyl-ethylene
#12
Fatima Klongdee, Jaursup Boonmak, Sujittra Youngme
By utilizing a pyrazole-3,5-dicarboxylic acid (H3pzdc) and flexible 1,2-di(4-pyridyl)ethylene (dpe) with various copper(ii) salts under the same solvothermal synthetic conditions, six novel coordination polymers, namely, {[Cu2(pzdc)(dpe)2]X}n (X = NO3(-) (1), ClO4(-) (2), BF4(-) (3), SCN(-) (4)), {[Cu(ii)4Cu(i)4(pzdc)4(dpe)6](H2O)4}2n (5), and {[Cu5(HPO4)2 (pzdc)2(dpe)3](H2O)5}n (6) were obtained. The structural diversity of compounds 1-6 depends on the starting Cu(ii) salts. Compounds 1-4 are isostructural and exhibit a 3D porous cationic pillar-layered coordination framework with lattice monoanions incorporated into the channels of the framework...
March 27, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345593/microstructural-tissue-engineering-in-the-rachis-and-barbs-of-bird-feathers
#13
Theagarten Lingham-Soliar
Feathers do not have to be especially strong but they do need to be stiff and at the same time resilient and to have a high work of fracture. Syncitial barbule fibres are the highest size-class of continuous filaments in the cortex of the rachis of the feather. However, the rachis can be treated as a generalized cone of rapidly diminishing volume. This means that hundreds of syncitial barbule fibres of the rachis may have to be terminated before reaching the tip - creating potentially thousands of inherently fatal crack-like defects...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345589/rational-design-of-1-d-co3o4-nanofibers-low-content-graphene-composite-anode-for-high-performance-li-ion-batteries
#14
Su-Ho Cho, Ji-Won Jung, Chanhoon Kim, Il-Doo Kim
Cobalt oxide that has high energy density, is the next-generation candidate as the anode material for LIBs. However, the practical use of Co3O4 as anode material has been hindered by limitations, especially, low electrical conductivity and pulverization from large volume change upon cycling. These features lead to hindrance to its electrochemical properties for lithium-ion batteries. To improve electrochemical properties, we synthesized one-dimensional (1-D) Co3O4 nanofibers (NFs) overed with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets by electrostatic self-assembly (Co3O4 NFs@rGO)...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345533/fabrication-of-plasmonic-cavity-arrays-for-sers-analysis
#15
Ning Li, Lei Feng, Fei Teng, Nan Lu
The plasmonic cavity arrays are ideal substrates for surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) analysis because they can provide large hot area for analyte molecules. The large area increases the probability to make more analyte molecules on hot spots and leads to a high reproducibility. Therefore, to develop a simple method for creating cavity arrays is important. Herein, we demonstrate how to fabricate a V and W shape cavity arrays by a simple method based on self-assembly. Briefly, the V and W shape cavity arrays are respectively fabricated by taking KOH etching on a nanohole and a nanoring array patterned silicon (Si) slides, which are generated by taking a reactive ion etching on a monolayer of polystyrene spheres patterned blank Si slide and a Si slide covered with a monolayer of octadecyltrichlorosilane...
March 27, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345349/a-self-assembled-ratiometric-polymeric-nanoprobe-for-highly-selective-fluorescence-detection-of-hydrogen-peroxide
#16
Chongchong Feng, Fengyang Wang, Yijing Dang, Zhiai Xu, Haijun Yu, Wen Zhang
In this study, a dual-emission fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) polymeric nanoprobe by single-wavelength excitation was developed for sensitive and selective hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) detection. Polymeric nanoprobe was prepared by simple self-assembly of functional lipopolymers, which were 4-carboxy-3-fluorophenylboronic acid (FPBA)-modified DSPE-PEG (DSPE-PEG-FPBA) and 7-hydroxycoumarin (HC)-conjugated DSPE-PEG (DSPE-PEG-HC). Subsequent binding of alizarin red S (ARS) to FPBA endowed the nanoprobe with a new fluorescence emission peak at around 600 nm...
March 27, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345148/fast-self-healing-of-polyelectrolyte-multilayer-nanocoating-and-restoration-of-super-oxygen-barrier
#17
Yixuan Song, Kevin P Meyers, Joseph Gerringer, Ramesh K Ramakrishnan, Mohammad Humood, Shuang Qin, Andreas A Polycarpou, Sergei Nazarenko, Jaime C Grunlan
A self-healable gas barrier nanocoating, which is fabricated by alternate deposition of polyethyleneimine (PEI) and polyacrylic acid (PAA) polyelectrolytes, is demonstrated in this study. This multilayer film, with high elastic modulus, high glass transition temperature, and small free volume, has been shown to be a super oxygen gas barrier. An 8-bilayer PEI/PAA multilayer assembly (≈700 nm thick) exhibits an oxygen transmission rate (OTR) undetectable to commercial instrumentation (<0.005 cc (m(-2) d(-1) atm(-1) ))...
March 27, 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345089/dancing-disclinations-in-confined-active-nematics
#18
Tyler N Shendruk, Amin Doostmohammadi, Kristian Thijssen, Julia M Yeomans
The spontaneous emergence of collective flows is a generic property of active fluids and often leads to chaotic flow patterns characterised by swirls, jets, and topological disclinations in their orientation field. However, the ability to achieve structured flows and ordered disclinations is of particular importance in the design and control of active systems. By confining an active nematic fluid within a channel, we find a regular motion of disclinations, in conjunction with a well defined and dynamic vortex lattice...
March 27, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345049/biomimetic-mineral-self-organization-from-silica-rich-spring-waters
#19
Juan Manuel García-Ruiz, Elias Nakouzi, Electra Kotopoulou, Leonardo Tamborrino, Oliver Steinbock
Purely inorganic reactions of silica, metal carbonates, and metal hydroxides can produce self-organized complex structures that mimic the texture of biominerals, the morphology of primitive organisms, and that catalyze prebiotic reactions. To date, these fascinating structures have only been synthesized using model solutions. We report that mineral self-assembly can be also obtained from natural alkaline silica-rich water deriving from serpentinization. Specifically, we demonstrate three main types of mineral self-assembly: (i) nanocrystalline biomorphs of barium carbonate and silica, (ii) mesocrystals and crystal aggregates of calcium carbonate with complex biomimetic textures, and (iii) osmosis-driven metal silicate hydrate membranes that form compartmentalized, hollow structures...
March 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343398/an-anti-programmed-death-1-antibody-a%C3%AF-pd-1-fusion-protein-that-self-assembles-into-a-multivalent-and-functional-apd-1-nanoparticle
#20
Peng Zhao, Djordje Atanackovic, Shuyun Dong, Hideo Yagita, Xiao He, Mingnan Chen
Cancer immune checkpoint therapy has achieved remarkable clinical successes in various cancers. However, current immune checkpoint inhibitors block the checkpoint of not only the immune cells that are important to cancer therapy but also the immune cells that are irrelevant to the therapy. Such an indiscriminate blockade limits the efficacy and causes the autoimmune toxicity of the therapy. It might be beneficial to use a carrier to target immune checkpoint inhibitors to cancer-reactive immune cells. Here, we explore a method to load the inhibitors into carriers...
March 25, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
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