keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mycology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779858/-extensive-cutaneous-chromomycosis-efficacy-of-combined-terbinafine-and-cryotherapy
#1
Y Elkhachine, J Elbenaye, M Er-Rami, A Sakkah, A Jakar, M Elhaouri
BACKGROUND: Chromomycosis is a chronic fungal skin infection, mainly affecting the limbs. It is responsible for severe morbidity and its treatment remains long and disappointing. Rarely described in Morocco, we report a new observation that has evolved very well under treatment combining terbinafine and cryotherapy over a short duration. CASE REPORT: A 56-year-old patient, immunocompetent, had a pustular and crusty placard on both forearms that had evolved for a year...
May 17, 2018: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774605/mixed-infections-are-a-critical-factor-in-the-treatment-of-superficial-mycoses
#2
A Gawaz, G Weisel
BACKGROUND: Superficial fungal infections of the skin, nails and hair are common with Trichophyton rubrum and Candida albicans being the main pathogens. Yet, in some patients, mycological cultures show growth of more than one fungal agent in the same anatomical region. OBJECTIVE: This study analyses prevalence, frequency and fungal agents found in superficial fungal mixed infections and discusses consequences for diagnostics and treatment. METHODS: Mycological data obtained between January 2006 to December 2015 from clinical specimens from a total cohort of 7733 patients with suspected fungal infections were retrospectively analysed...
May 17, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771787/point-of-care-cryptococcal-antigen-screening-pipetting-finger-prick-blood-improves-performance-of-immuno-mycologics-lateral-flow-assay
#3
Rachel M Wake, Joseph N Jarvis, Thomas S Harrison, Nelesh P Govender
BACKGROUND: Cryptococcal antigen (CrAg) screening at point of care could improve cryptococcal meningitis prevention where laboratory resources are limited. We evaluated the accuracy of Immuno-Mycologics (IMMY, Norman, OK) CrAg lateral flow assay (LFA) using different techniques at point of care. SETTING: Two tertiary-level hospitals in Johannesburg and a community health clinic in Soweto, South Africa. METHODS: A case-control diagnostic validation study, and a prospective clinic-based implementation study using the IMMY CrAg LFA on finger-prick blood...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767317/successful-sequential-treatment-with-itraconazole-and-ala-pdt-for-cutaneous-granuloma-by-candida-albicans-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Qing Cai, Lian-Juan Yang, Jia Chen, Hong Yang, Zhi-Qin Gao, Xiu-Li Wang
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a process that combines a photosensitizing drug and light and promotes phototoxic responses in target cells, mainly via oxidative damage. Antifungal photodynamic therapy has been successfully employed against Candida species, dermatophytes, and deep mycoses. We present a case of a cutaneous granuloma caused by C. albicans treated with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-PDT. A 64-year-old man presented with two plaques on his right hand and wrist for 2 years. The diagnosis was made based on histopathology, mycology, and molecular identification of paraffin-embedded tissues...
May 16, 2018: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765961/efinaconazole-10-topical-solution-case-review-of-onychomycosis-patients-who-were-completely-cured-at-week-24
#5
Boni E Elewski, Antonella Tosti, Tina Lin
Background: Clinical studies with topical onychomycosis agents typically involve daily application over 48 weeks. Some patients are cured earlier; however, individual data are limited. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess baseline demographics/disposition of onychomycosis patients completely cured at week 24 following daily efinaconazole treatment. Methods: We conducted a week-24 case review of 2 identical, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled studies on 1,655 patients with mild-to-moderate onychomycosis...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762386/exposure-response-analysis-of-micafungin-in-neonatal-candidiasis-pooled-analysis-of-two-clinical-trials
#6
Laura L Kovanda, Thomas J Walsh, Daniel K Benjamin, Antonio Arrieta, David A Kaufman, P Brian Smith, Paolo Manzoni, Amit V Desai, Atsunori Kaibara, Peter L Bonate, William W Hope
BACKGROUND: Neonatal candidiasis causes significant morbidity and mortality in high risk infants. The micafungin dosage regimen of 10 mg/kg established for the treatment of neonatal candidiasis is based on a laboratory animal model of neonatal hematogenous Candida meningoencephalitis and pharmacokinetic (PK)-pharmacodynamic (PD) bridging studies. However, little is known about the how these PK-PD data translate clinically. METHODS: Micafungin plasma concentrations from infants were used to construct a population PK model using Pmetrics software...
June 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761779/-diagnosing-and-treating-of-onychomycosis
#7
Jacob Tolstrup, Gregor Borut Jemec, Rasmus Krøger Hare, Maiken Cavling Arendrup, Ditte Marie Saunte
Onychomycosis is a frequent disorder, which accounts for approximately 50% of nail changes. Many patients are treated for onychomycosis without a mycological verification being done. The patients may be in risk of being treated for a non-existent fungal infection with lack of effect and potential adverse events. This review highlights the importance of choosing the correct sampling and diagnostic methods, as genus and/or species identification is essential when choosing the optimal treatment strategies.
May 14, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754210/invasive-pulmonary-aspergillosis-current-diagnostic-methodologies-and-a-new-molecular-approach
#8
REVIEW
S Moura, L Cerqueira, A Almeida
The fungus Aspergillus fumigatus is the main pathogenic agent responsible for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. Immunocompromised patients are more likely to develop this pathology due to a decrease in the immune system's defense capacity. Despite of the low occurrence of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, this pathology presents high rates of mortality, mostly due to late and unspecific diagnosis. Currently, the diagnostic methods used to detect this fungal infection are conventional mycological examination (direct microscopic examination, histological examination, and culture), imaging, non-culture-based tests for the detection of galactomannan, β(1,3)-glucan and an extracellular glycoprotein, and molecular tests based on PCR...
May 13, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732252/the-macrofungi-collection-consortium
#9
Barbara M Thiers, Roy E Halling
Premise of the Study: The Macrofungi Collection Consortium (MaCC) is a digitization project funded by the National Science Foundation's Advancing Digitization of Biodiversity Collections program. The main scientific objective of the MaCC project was to provide baseline data for determining the extent and distribution of macrofungal diversity. Methods and Results: Between 2012 and 2017, 39 participating institutions digitized approximately 1,250,000 specimens of macrofungi from U...
February 2018: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707676/mycological-aspects-of-onychomycosis-in-khuzestan-province-iran-a-shift-from-dermatophytes-towards-yeasts
#10
Mahnaz Fatahinia, Sima Jafarpour, Abdollah Rafiei, Simin Taghipour, Koichi Makimura, Ali Rezaei-Matehkolaei
Background and Purpose: Onychomycosis is fungal infection of the nails with an overall increasing incidence, worldwide. The epidemiological aspects of onychomycosis in Khuzestan, Iran, have not been established. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical and mycological status of fungal nail infection in Khuzestan Province, Iran. Materials and Methods: The study population included 433 patients (143 males vs. 290 females). Nail samples underwent primary direct microscopy and culture...
December 2017: Advances in Medical Mycology (Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707667/identification-of-fungal-causative-agents-of-rhinosinusitis-from-mashhad-iran
#11
Mohammad J Najafzadeh, Karim Jalaeian Samani, Jos Houbraken, Majid Alizadeh, Abdolmajid Fata, Ali Naseri, Hossein Zarrinfar, Mehdi Bakhshaee
Background and Purpose: Rhinosinusitis is a common disorder, influencing approximately 20% of the population at some time of their lives. It was recognized and reported with expanding recurrence over the past two decades worldwide. Undoubtedly, correct diagnosis of fungi in patients with fungal rhinosinusitis affects the treatment planning and prognosis of the patients. Identification of the causative agents using the standard mycological procedures remains difficult and time-consuming...
September 2017: Advances in Medical Mycology (Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693737/how-to-prophylax-against-invasive-fungal-infections-in-adult-all-an-unmet-need
#12
Oliver A Cornely, Dimitrios P Kontoyiannis
Although the benefit for any type of antifungal prophylaxis in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia is well accepted, less is known about the risk for invasive fungal infections (IFIs) and the optimal prophylaxis strategies in patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). Based on recent studies, ALL is a disease that appears to be associated with significant risk for IFIs. The pharmacokinetic interactions between azoles and vincristine, an antineoplastic agent that is part of modern combination chemotherapies in ALL, results in clinically significant neurotoxicity that makes the use of azoles problematic...
April 25, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687520/conservation-mycology-in-australia-and-the-potential-role-of-citizen-science
#13
Peter J Irga, Katherine Barker, Fraser R Torpy
Fungi are undoubtedly important for ecosystem functioning, however they are relatively poorly considered in biodiversity conservation planning. Fungi have been omitted or given scant attention in most biodiversity policy documents, management plans and formal conservation schedules throughout the world. This oversight may be due to a general lack of awareness in the scientific community, compounded by a scarcity of mycology-associated curricula at the tertiary level, along with a lack of mycologists in research institutions...
April 23, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684057/serum-galactomannan-antigen-as-a-prognostic-and-diagnostic-marker-for-invasive-aspergillosis-in-heterogeneous-medicine-icu-patient-population
#14
Yubhisha Dabas, Anant Mohan, Immaculata Xess
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to get a complete clinical and mycological picture of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in respiratory medicine ICU of a tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS: From the cohort of 235 patients only one had proven IA. Based on AspICU algorithm, 21 had putative IA (8.9%), 12 were colonised (5.1%). RESULTS: Adjusting the confounding factors, significant risk factors for IA were chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), temperature of ≥38°C, pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681731/new-light-on-names-and-naming-of-dark-taxa
#15
Martin Ryberg, R Henrik Nilsson
A growing proportion of fungal species and lineages are known only from sequence data and cannot be linked to any physical specimen or resolved taxonomic name. Such fungi are often referred to as "dark taxa" or "dark matter fungi". As they lack a taxonomic identity in the form of a name, they are regularly ignored in many important contexts, for example in legalisation and species counts. It is therefore very urgent to find a system to also deal with these fungi. Here, issues relating to the taxonomy and nomenclature of dark taxa are discussed and a number of questions that the mycological community needs to consider before deciding on what system/s to implement are highlighted...
2018: MycoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668130/-rhino-orbito-cerebral-mucormycosis-from-dental-origin-case-report
#16
José Humberto Bravo, Andrés Mauricio Agudelo, Armando Cortés, Lorena Matta
Rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis from dental origin is an acute infection caused by opportunistic fungi belonging to the order of Mucorales, which affects mainly diabetic and immunocompromised patients.We report the case of a 63-year old diabetic man who performed a dental extraction on himself by his own means and subsequently developed a rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis with cutaneous and palatal affection. The species isolated in the mycological culture was Rhizopus sp.
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666610/fungi-induced-upper-and-lower-respiratory-tract-allergic-diseases-one-entity
#17
Aleksandra Barac, David S Y Ong, Ljiljana Jovancevic, Aleksandar Peric, Pavol Surda, Vesna Tomic Spiric, Salvatore Rubino
Introduction: Aspergillus can cause different allergic diseases including allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) and allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS). ABPA is allergic pulmonary disease against Aspergillus antigens. AFRS is a type of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) presented as hypersensitivity reactions to the fungal presence in sinuses. The aim of the present study was to clarify if ABPA and AFRS could be considered as a common disease entity. Methodology: The prospective cohort study included 75 patients with ABPA...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660386/long-term-cryopreservation-of-non-spore-forming-fungi-in-microbank%C3%A2-beads-for-plant-pathological-investigations
#18
Dilip K Lakshman, Vimla Singh, Manuel E Camacho
Long-term preservation of experimental fungi without genetic, morphological, and pathogenic changes is of paramount importance in mycological and plant pathological investigations. Several cryogenic and non-cryogenic methods are available for the preservation of fungi, but the methods can be cumbersome, hazardous, expensive, and often not suitable for long-term storage of non-spore-forming (sterile) fungi. A method of preservation of spore-forming fungi in commercially available porous beads (Micrbank™) under cryogenic condition was successfully tested for three non-spore-forming basidiomycetes genera: Rhizoctonia solani (teleomorph: Thanatephorus cucumeris) (n = 19), Ceratobasidium species (n = 1), and Waitea circinata (n = 3), and a non-spore forming ascomycetes, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (n = 1)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656841/from-phaeohyphomycosis-to-disseminated-chromoblastomycosis-a-retrospective-study-of-infections-caused-by-dematiaceous-fungi
#19
E Thomas, A Bertolotti, A Barreau, J Klisnick, P Tournebize, G Borgherini, N Zemali, J Jaubert, G Jouvion, S Bretagne, S Picot
OBJECTIVE: Infections caused by dematiaceous fungi are more common in tropical and subtropical areas. We aimed to describe the clinical, microbiological and therapeutic aspects of case patients diagnosed at a University Hospital located on an Indian Ocean island. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed an observational retrospective study of infections caused by dematiaceous fungi diagnosed at the University Hospital of Saint-Pierre, Reunion, from 2000 to 2015. Mycological identifications were performed at the National Reference Center for Invasive Mycosis and Antifungal Agents (Paris)...
April 12, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652977/-auricular-sporotrichosis-atypical-case-report-simulating-bacterial-cellulitis
#20
Juan Ochoa-Reyes, Ernesto Ramos-Martínez, Rogelio Treviño-Rangel, Gloria M González, Alexandro Bonifaz
Sporotrichosis is the most common subcutaneous or implantation mycosis in Mexico. The case of a preauricular cutaneous-fixed sporotrichosis simulating atypical bacterial cellulitis is reported in an elderly patient with no history of trauma. The biopsy showed a suppurative granuloma with scarce yeast. Sporothrix schenckii was identified in the culture and confirmed by molecular biology. She was treated with itraconazole and a clinical and mycological cure was obtained. The case of atypical presentation is presented, coming from a semi-arid zone with extreme weather...
2018: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
keyword
keyword
14829
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"