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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548350/koenig-and-schultz-s-disaster-medicine-comprehensive-principles-and-practices-2nd-ed-edited-by-kristi-l-koenig-carl-h-schultz-new-york-cambridge-university-press-2016-736-pp-index-205-00-hardcover
#1
REVIEW
Eric C Silverman, Mary P Mercer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486083/progress-in-mass-spectrometry-based-proteomics-in-hypoxia-related-diseases-and-high-altitude-medicine
#2
Zhiqi Gao, Gang Luo, Bing Ni
Human migration, influenced by social conflict and natural disasters as well as global climate change, has become recognized as a major "planetary force." It has also brought to the forefront, new specialties of integrative biology-such as high-altitude medicine-and the impact of hitherto understudied environmental factors on human pathophysiology in these new geographical settings. For people migrating to or living in high-altitude regions, environmental hypoxia is a primary challenge. Decreased partial pressure of oxygen in environmental air, caused by lower barometric pressure, puts living organisms in a hypoxic state...
May 9, 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474823/global-emergency-medicine-a-review-of-the-literature-from-2016
#3
Torben K Becker, Bhakti Hansoti, Susan Bartels, Alison Schroth Hayward, Braden J Hexom, Kevin M Lunney, Regan H Marsh, Maxwell Osei-Ampofo, Indi Trehan, Julia Chang, Adam C Levine
OBJECTIVES: The Global Emergency Medicine Literature Review (GEMLR) conducts an annual search of peer-reviewed and gray literature relevant to global emergency medicine (EM) to identify, review, and disseminate the most important new research in this field to a global audience of academics and clinical practitioners. METHODS: This year 13,890 articles written in four languages were identified by our search. These articles were distributed among 20 reviewers for initial screening based on their relevance to the field of global EM...
May 5, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463098/when-is-a-cardiac-arrest-non-cardiac
#4
Ryan M Carter, David C Cone
Introduction While the overall survival rate for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is low, ranging from 5%-10%, several characteristics have been shown to decrease mortality, such as presence of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), witnessed vs unwitnessed events, and favorable initial rhythm (VF/VT). More recently, studies have shown that modified CPR algorithms, such as chest-compression only or cardio-cerebral resuscitation, can further increase survival rates in OHCA. Most of these studies have included only OHCA patients with "presumed cardiac etiology," on the assumption that airway management is of lesser impact than chest compressions in these patients...
May 2, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462775/feasibility-of-a-novel-combination-of-influenza-vaccinations-and-child-passenger-safety-seat-fittings-in-a-drive-through-clinic-setting
#5
Ngoc Le, Rachel L Charney, James Gerard
OBJECTIVE: Public health preparedness is an ever-evolving area of medicine with the purpose of helping the masses quickly and efficiently. The drive-through clinic (DTC) model allows the distribution of supplies or services while participants remain in their cars. Influenza vaccination is the most common form of DTC and has been utilized successfully in metropolitan areas. METHODS: We hypothesized that combining influenza vaccinations and child passenger seat fittings in a DTC format would be both feasible and desired by the community...
May 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462768/emergency-physician-disaster-deployment-issues-to-consider-and-a-model-policy
#6
Christopher A Kahn, Kristi L Koenig, Carl H Schultz
Disaster responders are frequently emergency physicians (EPs). Effective response is enhanced by the strong support of home institutions and clear policies for backfill of regular duties. A group of disaster medicine responders and researchers worked with an academic department of emergency medicine to create a policy that addresses concerns of deploying physicians, colleagues remaining at the home institution, and administrators. This article describes the process and content of this policy development work...
May 2, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431426/anesthesiologists-and-disaster-medicine-a-needs-assessment-for-education-and-training-and-reported-willingness-to-respond
#7
Heather K Hayanga, Daniel J Barnett, Natasha R Shallow, Michael Roberts, Carol B Thompson, Itay Bentov, Gozde Demiralp, Bradford D Winters, Deborah A Schwengel
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologists provide comprehensive health care across the emergency department, operating room, and intensive care unit. To date, anesthesiologists' perspectives regarding disaster medicine and public health preparedness have not been described. METHODS: Anesthesiologists' thoughts and attitudes were assessed via a Web-based survey at 3 major academic institutions. Frequencies, percentages, and odds ratios (ORs) were used to assess self-reported perceptions of knowledge and skills, as well as attitudes and beliefs regarding education and training, employee development, professional obligation, safety, psychological readiness, efficacy, personal preparedness, and willingness to respond (WTR)...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421650/keeping-up-with-the-kids-diffusion-of-innovation-in-pediatric-emergency-medicine-among-emergency-physicians
#8
Robert L Cloutier, Rakesh D Mistry, Stephen Cico, Chris Merritt, Samuel H F Lam, Marc Auerbach, L Melissa Skaugset, Jean Klig, Meg Wolff, Myto Duong, Jennifer Walthall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416042/earthquakes-fuel-crisis-power-outages-and-health-care-in-nepal-implications-for-the-future
#9
Bipin Adhikari, Shiva Raj Mishra, Sujan Babu Marahatta, Nils Kaehler, Kumar Paudel, Janak Adhikari, Shristi Raut
Earthquakes are a major natural calamity with pervasive effects on human life and nature. Similar effects are mimicked by man-made disasters such as fuel crises and power outages in developing countries. Natural and man-made disasters can cause intangible human suffering and often leave scars of lifelong psychosocial damage. Lessons from these disasters are frequently not implemented. The main objective of this study was to review the effects of the 2015 earthquakes, fuel crisis, and power outages on the health services of Nepal and formulate recommendations for the future...
April 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402469/health-system-functionality-in-a-low-income-country-in-the-midst-of-conflict-the-case-of-yemen
#10
Naseeb Qirbi, Sharif A Ismail
Background:  Although the literature on effects of armed conflict on population health is extensive, detailed assessments of effects on public health 'systems' are few. This article aims to help address this deficit through the medium of a case study on Yemen, describing health system and health outcome performance prior to the internationalisation of the conflict there in March 2015, before assessing the impact of war on health system functionality since that time. Method : Review of peer- and non-peer reviewed literature from 2005 to 2016 from academic sources, multilateral organizations, donors and governmental and non-governmental organizations, augmented by secondary data analysis...
April 11, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391819/automatic-gender-determination-from-3d-digital-maxillary-tooth-plaster-models-based-on-the-random-forest-algorithm-and-discrete-cosine-transform
#11
Betül Akkoç, Ahmet Arslan, Hatice Kök
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: One of the first stages in the identification of an individual is gender determination. Through gender determination, the search spectrum can be reduced. In disasters such as accidents or fires, which can render identification somewhat difficult, durable teeth are an important source for identification. This study proposes a smart system that can automatically determine gender using 3D digital maxillary tooth plaster models. METHODS: The study group was composed of 40 Turkish individuals (20 female, 20 male) between the ages of 21 and 24...
May 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386683/-quality-indicators-for-rescue-operations-in-terrorist-attacks-or-other-threats-a%C3%A2-pilot-study-after-the-w%C3%A3-rzburg-terrorist-attack-of-july-2016
#12
T Wurmb, P Justice, S Dietz, R Schua, T Jarausch, U Kinstle, J Greiner, G Möldner, J Müller, M Kraus, S Simon, U Wagenhäuser, N Roewer, M Helm
BACKGROUND: Terrorist attacks have become reality in Germany. The aim of this work was, after the Würzburg terrorist attack, to define quality indicators and application characteristics for rescue missions in life-threatening situations. The results can be used to record data from future missions using this template in order to make them comparable with each other. METHODS: After approval of the local ethic committee, the first step was to designate a group of experts in order to define the template in a consensus process...
April 6, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376940/self-perception-of-medical-students-knowledge-and-interest-in-disaster-medicine-nine-years-after-the-approval-of-the-curriculum-in-german-universities
#13
Robert Wunderlich, Luca Ragazzoni, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, Francesco Della Corte, Jan Grundgeiger, Jens Werner Bickelmayer, Bernd Domres
BACKGROUND: Following the recommendations of the World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM; Madison, Wisconsin USA) to develop standards for training the undergraduates in disaster-relevant fields (2004), a German curriculum was approved in 2006. This paper aims to describe the level of training and interest of medical students nine years later. Problem The aim of this study was to assess the self-perception of medical students' knowledge and interest in disaster medicine nine years after the implementation of a standardized disaster medicine curriculum in German medical schools...
April 5, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345508/use-of-a-novel-portable-led-based-capillary-refill-time-simulator-within-a-disaster-triage-context
#14
Todd P Chang, Genevieve Santillanes, Ilene Claudius, Phung K Pham, James Koved, John Cheyne, Marianne Gausche-Hill, Amy H Kaji, Saranya Srinivasan, J Joelle Donofrio, Cynthia Bir
Introduction A simple, portable capillary refill time (CRT) simulator is not commercially available. This device would be useful in mass-casualty simulations with multiple volunteers or mannequins depicting a variety of clinical findings and CRTs. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a prototype CRT simulator in a disaster simulation context. METHODS: A CRT prototype simulator was developed by embedding a pressure-sensitive piezo crystal, and a single red light-emitting diode (LED) light was embedded, within a flesh-toned resin...
March 27, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330523/public-health-and-disasters-an-emerging-translational-and-implementation-science-not-lessons-learned
#15
Kristi L Koenig, Carl H Schultz, Miryha Gould Runnerstrom, Oladele A Ogunseitan
Disaster Medicine is a relatively new multidisciplinary field of science with clear public health implications as it focuses on improving outcomes for populations rather than for individual patients. As with any other scientific discipline, the goal of public health and disaster research is to create new knowledge and transfer evidence-based data to improve public health. The phrase "lessons learned" has crept into the disaster lexicon but must be permanently erased as it has no place in the scientific method...
March 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330400/academic-responses-to-fukushima-disaster
#16
Kiyotaka Yasui, Yuko Kimura, Kenji Kamiya, Rie Miyatani, Naohiro Tsuyama, Akira Sakai, Koji Yoshida, Shunichi Yamashita, Rethy Chhem, May Abdel-Wahab, Akira Ohtsuru
Since radiation accidents, particularly nuclear disasters, are rarer than other types of disasters, a comprehensive radiation disaster medical curriculum for them is currently unavailable. The Fukushima compound disaster has urged the establishment of a new medical curriculum in preparation for any future complex disaster. The medical education will aim to aid decision making on various health risks for workers, vulnerable people, and residents addressing each phase in the disaster. Herein, we introduce 3 novel educational programs that have been initiated to provide students, professionals, and leaders with the knowledge of and skills to elude the social consequences of complex nuclear disasters...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323627/effects-of-xuebijing-injection-for-patients-with-sepsis-induced-acute-kidney-injury-after-wenchuan-earthquake
#17
Qin Yuxi, Hanlai Zhang, Yu Baili, Shihua Shi
Context • Earthquakes are devastating disasters that have claimed countless lives in the past, partially owing to the danger of direct and indirect injuries to vital organs. In the deadly earthquake that occurred in Sichuan Province of China on May 12, 2008, some victims suffered from severe damage to multiple organs and tissue and developed sepsis, a systematic inflammatory reaction resulting from infection and trauma. Xuebijing injection (CCXG) could beneficial for improvement of clinical symptoms in those patients, but no research has yet examined its potential...
March 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318478/disaster-education-a-survey-study-to-analyze-disaster-medicine-training-in-emergency-medicine-residency-programs-in-the-united-states
#18
Ritu R Sarin, Srihari Cattamanchi, Abdulrahman Alqahtani, Majed Aljohani, Mark Keim, Gregory R Ciottone
BACKGROUND: The increase in natural and man-made disasters occurring worldwide places Emergency Medicine (EM) physicians at the forefront of responding to these crises. Despite the growing interest in Disaster Medicine, it is unclear if resident training has been able to include these educational goals. Hypothesis This study surveys EM residencies in the United States to assess the level of education in Disaster Medicine, to identify competencies least and most addressed, and to highlight effective educational models already in place...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318462/the-epidemiology-of-operation-stress-during-continuing-promise-2011-a-humanitarian-response-and-disaster-relief-mission-aboard-a-us-navy-hospital-ship
#19
William T Scouten, Melissa L Mehalick, Elizabeth Yoder, Andrea McCoy, Tracy Brannock, Mark S Riddle
Introduction Operational stress describes individual behavior in response to the occupational demands and tempo of a mission. The stress response of military personnel involved in combat and peace-keeping missions has been well-described. The spectrum of effect on medical professionals and support staff providing humanitarian assistance, however, is less well delineated. Research to date concentrates mainly on shore-based humanitarian missions. Problem The goal of the current study was to document the pattern of operational stress, describe factors responsible for it, and the extent to which these factors impact job performance in military and civilian participants of Continuing Promise 2011 (CP11), a ship-based humanitarian medical mission...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300527/the-development-of-an-evacuation-protocol-for-patients-with-ventricular-assist-devices-during-a-disaster
#20
Katherine J Davis, Joseph Suyama, Jennifer Lingler, Michael Beach
Introduction Health care providers are on the forefront of delivering care and allocating resources during a disaster; however, very few are adequately trained to respond in these situations. Furthermore, there is a void in the literature regarding the specific care needs of patients with ventricular assist devices (VADs) in a disaster setting. This project aimed to develop an evidenced-based protocol to aid health care providers during the evacuation of patients with VADs during a disaster. METHODS: This is a qualitative study that used expert review, tabletop discussion, and a survey of health care professionals to develop and evaluate an evacuation protocol...
March 16, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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