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Disaster Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754120/promoting-healthy-lives-and-well-being-for-all-the-contribution-of-the-international-college-of-person-centered-medicine-icpcm
#1
G N Christodoulou, J E Mezzich, C R Cloninger, N Christodoulou, E Villar, J Appleyard, M Botbol
This article defines the scope of Person-Centered Medicine, traces its roots in ancient conceptions, explains the reasons for the revival of this perspective in our times, and highlights the contribution of the International College of Person-Centered Medicine (ICPCM) in the promotion of the personcentered perspective in health and disease. The value of communication is underlined with reference to both diagnosis and treatment. The concept of Health is considered historically and the inclusiveness, holistic vista and positive health orientation of the WHO definition of Health (1948) is underlined...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751222/development-of-forensic-medicine-in-post-reform-indonesia
#2
Yoni Fuadah Syukriani, Nita Novita, Deni K Sunjaya
Forensic medicine practice in Indonesia was introduced through the Dutch colonial criminal justice system in the early twentieth century. After more than 70 years of national independence, the development of forensic medicine still faces fundamental challenges, including confusion in the distribution of responsibility with law enforcement agencies, difficulties in managing conflicts of interest, and impediments in scientific practice and professional development. Despite of the golden opportunity from the Indonesian Reform movement in the late 1990s, the impact on forensic medicine development has been less than expected...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719848/a-questionnaire-study-on-the-attitudes-and-previous-experience-of-croatian-family-physicians-toward-their-preparedness-for-disaster-management
#3
Tanja Pekez-Pavliško, Maja Račić, Dinka Jurišić
Objective: To explore family physicians' attitudes, previous experience and self-assessed preparedness to respond or to assist in mass casualty incidents in Croatia. Methods: The cross-sectional survey was carried out during January 2017. Study participants were recruited through a Facebook group that brings together family physicians from Croatia. They were asked to complete the questionnaire, which was distributed via google.docs. Knowledge and attitudes toward disaster preparedness were evaluated by 18 questions...
April 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717685/a-bibliometric-profile-of-disaster-medicine-research-from-2008-to-2017-a-scientometric-analysis
#4
Liang Zhou, Ping Zhang, Zhigang Zhang, Lidong Fan, Shuo Tang, Kunpeng Hu, Nan Xiao, Shuguang Li
ABSTRACTThis study analyzed and assessed publication trends in articles on "disaster medicine," using scientometric analysis. Data were obtained from the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC) of Thomson Reuters on March 27, 2017. A total of 564 publications on disaster medicine were identified. There was a mild increase in the number of articles on disaster medicine from 2008 (n=55) to 2016 (n=83). Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness published the most articles, the majority of articles were published in the United States, and the leading institute was Tohoku University...
May 2, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697044/international-emergency-medical-teams-training-workshop-special-report
#5
Anthony Albina, Laura Archer, Marlène Boivin, Hilarie Cranmer, Kirsten Johnson, Gautham Krishnaraj, Anali Maneshi, Lisa Oddy, Lynda Redwood-Campbell, Rebecca Russell
The World Health Organization's (WHO; Geneva, Switzerland) Emergency Medical Team (EMT) Initiative created guidelines which define the basic procedures to be followed by personnel and teams, as well as the critical points to discuss before deploying a field hospital. However, to date, there is no formal standardized training program established for EMTs before deployment. Recognizing that the World Association of Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM; Madison, Wisconsin USA) Congress brings together a diverse group of key stakeholders, a pre-Congress workshop was organized to seek out collective expertise and to identify key EMT training competencies for the future development of training programs and protocols...
April 26, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695885/post-earthquake-health-service-support-nepal
#6
Sophie Goyet, Rajan Rayamajhi, Badry Nath Gyawali, Bhola Ram Shrestha, Guna Raj Lohani, Damodar Adhikari, Edwin Salvador, Roderico Ofrin, Jos Vandelaer, Reuben Samuel
Problem: Seven months after the April 2015 Nepal earthquake, and as relief efforts were scaling down, health authorities faced ongoing challenges in health-service provision and disease surveillance reporting. Approach: In January 2016, the World Health Organization recruited and trained 12 Nepalese medical doctors to provide technical assistance to the health authorities in the most affected districts by the earthquake. These emergency support officers monitored the recovery of health services and reconstruction of health facilities, monitored stocks of essential medicines, facilitated disease surveillance reporting to the health ministry and assisted in outbreak investigations...
April 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628668/evaluation-of-change-in-knowledge-and-attitude-of-emergency-medicine-residents-after-introduction-of-a-rotation-in-emergency-medical-services-and-disaster-medicine
#7
Nawfal Aljerian, Aamir Omair, Sami A Yousif, Abdulrahman S Alqahtani, Faisal A Alhusain, Bader Alotaibi, Mohammad F Alshehri, Majed Aljuhani, Saad Albaiz, Yasser Alaska, Abdullah F Alanazi
Background: Saudi Board of Emergency Medicine (SBEM) graduates are involved in a 1-month rotation in emergency medical services (EMSs) and disaster medicine. The purpose of this study was to evaluate change in knowledge and attitude of EM residents after the introduction of the EMS and disaster medicine rotation. Materials and Methods: The study included 32 3rd -year SBEM residents. A pretest/posttest design and a five-point Likert scale were used. The data included a response to a questionnaire developed by EMS and disaster experts...
January 2018: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622286/the-german-emergency-and-disaster-medicine-and-management-system-history-and-present
#8
REVIEW
Norman Hecker, Bernd Dieter Domres
As well for optimized emergency management in individual cases as for optimized mass medicine in disaster management, the principle of the medical doctors approaching the patient directly and timely, even close to the site of the incident, is a long-standing marker for quality of care and patient survival in Germany. Professional rescue and emergency forces, including medical services, are the "Golden Standard" of emergency management systems. Regulative laws, proper organization of resources, equipment, training and adequate delivery of medical measures are key factors in systematic approaches to manage emergencies and disasters alike and thus save lives...
January 31, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604210/a-new-triage-method-for-burn-disasters-fast-triage-in-burns-ftb
#9
Agnieszka Surowiecka-Pastewka, Wojciech Witkowski, Marek Kawecki
BACKGROUND There are few triage methods based on patient age and extent of burn. However, in case of mass casualties, age might be hard to define. Burn segregation in mass-casualty accidents requires an easy, fast, and effective method. Triage in burns should also segregate casualties requiring treatment in burn centers. The aim of this study was to create a proprietary segregation algorithm dedicated to mass-casualty incidents. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective analysis of 939 burned patients admitted to the Clinical Department of Burns, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Military Institute of Medicine (MIM) in Warsaw and to the Center for the Treatment of Burns (CTB) in Siemianowice Śląskie in 2012 and 2013 was performed...
March 31, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565241/preparing-for-the-surge-a-half-day-emergency-preparedness-training-course-for-the-second-front
#10
Lancer A Scott, Layne A Madden, Amy E Wahlquist, Daniel W Fisher
Purpose Clinical disaster medicine requires providers working collaboratively to care for multiple patients, yet many clinicians lack competency-based training. A 5-hour emergency preparedness training (EPT) curriculum was created using didactics, small group discussion, and scenario-based learning. The goal was to evaluate the effect of a short course on improving clinical-provider knowledge, confidence and skill. METHODS: Participants were enrolled in a medical university between 2011 and 2014...
February 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564087/applications-of-crowdsourcing-in-health-an-overview
#11
Kerri Wazny
Background: Crowdsourcing is a nascent phenomenon that has grown exponentially since it was coined in 2006. It involves a large group of people solving a problem or completing a task for an individual or, more commonly, for an organisation. While the field of crowdsourcing has developed more quickly in information technology, it has great promise in health applications. This review examines uses of crowdsourcing in global health and health, broadly. Methods: Semantic searches were run in Google Scholar for "crowdsourcing," "crowdsourcing and health," and similar terms...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559022/post-flood-rapid-needs-assessment-in-srinagar-city-jammu-and-kashmir-state-india-september-2014
#12
Rajesh Yadav, Dundaiah Somashekar, Samir V Sodha, Kayla F Laserson, Srinivasa Venkatesh, Himanshu Chauhan
OBJECTIVES: Torrential rainfall and flooding from September 2-6, 2014 submerged >350 villages in Jammu and Kashmir state. We conducted rapid needs assessment in capital Srinagar from 27 September to 1 October to assess population health and safety needs. METHODS: Based on Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) methodology, we selected 7 households each from 30 census blocks using 2-stage cluster sampling. We collected information on demographics, needs, and illnesses using structured questionnaire...
March 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510765/enhancing-global-health-security-us-africa-command-s-disaster-preparedness-program
#13
Melinda J Morton Hamer, Paul L Reed, Jane D Greulich, Charles W Beadling
US Africa Command's Disaster Preparedness Program (DPP), implemented by the Center for Disaster and Humanitarian Assistance Medicine, partnered with US Government agencies and international organizations to promote stability and security on the African continent by engaging with African Partner Nations' (PN) civil and military authorities to improve disaster management capabilities. From 2008 to 2015, DPP conducted disaster preparedness and response programming with 17 PNs. DPP held a series of engagements with each, including workshops, strategic planning, developing preparedness and response plans, tabletop exercises, and prioritizing disaster management capability gaps identified through the engagements...
March 7, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502527/expert-consensus-on-the-evaluation-and-diagnosis-of-combat-injuries-of-the-chinese-people-s-liberation-army
#14
Zhao-Wen Zong, Lian-Yang Zhang, Hao Qin, Si-Xu Chen, Lin Zhang, Lei Yang, Xiao-Xue Li, Quan-Wei Bao, Dao-Cheng Liu, Si-Hao He, Yue Shen, Rong Zhang, Yu-Feng Zhao, Xiao-Zheng Zhong
The accurate assessment and diagnosis of combat injuries are the basis for triage and treatment of combat casualties. A consensus on the assessment and diagnosis of combat injuries was made and discussed at the second annual meeting of the Professional Committee on Disaster Medicine of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA). In this consensus agreement, the massive hemorrhage, airway, respiration, circulation and hypothermia (MARCH) algorithm, which is a simple triage and rapid treatment and field triage score, was recommended to assess combat casualties during the first-aid stage, whereas the abbreviated scoring method for combat casualty and the MARCH algorithm were recommended to assess combat casualties in level II facilities...
February 13, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463334/the-role-of-oral-health-in-complex-emergencies-and-disaster-rehabilitation-medicine
#15
Vishal R Aggarwal
This paper presents an overview of the importance of oral health in complex emergencies. It highlights the importance of maintaining general and oral health in the acute, intermediate and long-term phases of such events which are increasing in frequency. The importance of oral health as an early warning sign for systemic disease and deprivation is also explored along with the crucial role of oral health in maintaining quality of life through adequate nutrition and speech. The overview of oral health in these situations identifies the need for training dental personnel as members of rehabilitation teams that set out to manage these disasters...
February 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455682/characterization-of-interventional-studies-of-the-cholera-epidemic-in-haiti
#16
Jessica Miller, Marvin L Birnbaum
In October 2010, the Haitian Ministry of Public Health and Population (MSPP; Port au Prince, Haiti) reported a cholera epidemic caused by contamination of the Artibonite River by a United Nation Stabilization Mission camp. Interventional studies of the subsequent responses, including a descriptive Methods section and systematic approach, may be useful in facilitating comparisons and applying lessons learned to future outbreaks. The purpose of this study was to examine publicly available documents relating to the 2010 cholera outbreak to answer: (1) What information is publicly available on interventional studies conducted during the epidemic, and what was/were the impact(s)? and (2) Can the interventions be compared, and what lessons can be learned from their comparison? A PubMed (National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Institutes of Health; Bethesda, Maryland USA) search was conducted using the parameters "Haiti" and "cholera...
April 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423875/emergency-medicine-in-the-kingdom-of-bahrain
#17
Feras Abuzeyad, Leena Alqasem, Mudhaffar I Al Farras, Shaikha S Al Jawder, Ghada Al Qasim, Salah Alghanem
It has been more than a decade since emergency medicine became recognized as a specialty in the Kingdom of Bahrain. In the last fifteen years emergency medicine has widely established itself and developed rapidly in the Kingdom. The three main emergency departments are: Salmanyia Medical Complex (SMC), Royal Medical Services of Bahrain Defence Force (RMS-BDF) and King Hamad University Hospital (KHUH) are now fully equipped and operated by a majority of board certified emergency physicians.Standardized protocols, and the Central National Ambulance will be established in the near future, and the ambulances will offer both basic and advanced life support by trained nurses and paramedics...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420761/chinese-military-evaluation-of-a-portable-near-infrared-detector-of-traumatic-intracranial-hematomas
#18
Chun-Yang Liang, Yang Yang, Chun-Sen Shen, Hai-Jiang Wang, Nai-Ming Liu, Zhi-Wen Wang, Feng-Lei Zhu, Ru-Xiang Xu
Introduction: Secondary brain injury is the main cause of mortality from traumatic brain injury (TBI). One hallmark of TBI is intracranial hemorrhage, which occurs in 40-50% of severe TBI cases. Early identification of intracranial hematomas in TBI patients allows early surgical evacuation and can reduce the case fatality rate of TBI. As pre-hospital care is the weakest part of Chinese emergency care, there is an urgent need for a capability to detect brain hematomas early. In China, in addition to preventing injuries and diseases in military staff and in enhancing the military armed forces during war, military medicine participates in actions such as emergency public health crises, natural disasters, emerging conflicts, and anti-terrorist campaigns during peacetime...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401474/medicine-procurement-in-hospital-pharmacies-of-nepal-a-qualitative-study-based-on-the-basel-statements
#19
Mina Shrestha, Rebekah Moles, Eurek Ranjit, Betty Chaar
BACKGROUND: Accessibility and affordability of evidence-based medicines are issues of global concern. For low-income countries like Nepal, it is crucial to have easy and reliable access to affordable, good-quality, evidence-based medicines, especially in the aftermath of natural or manmade disasters. Availability of affordable and evidence-based high quality medicines depends on the medicine procurement procedure, which makes it an important aspect of healthcare delivery. In this study, we aimed to investigate medicine procurement practices in hospital pharmacies of Nepal within the framework of International Pharmaceutical Federation [FIP] hospital pharmacy guidelines "the Basel Statements"...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395693/disaster-training-in-24-hours-evaluation-of-a-novel-medical-student-curriculum-in-disaster-medicine
#20
Lauren Wiesner, Shane Kappler, Alex Shuster, Michael DeLuca, James Ott, Eric Glasser
BACKGROUND: Over a decade ago, the Association of American Medical Colleges called for incorporation of disaster medicine training into the education of medical students in the United States. Despite this recommendation, similar suggestions by other professional organizations, and significant interest from medical students and educators, few medical schools explicitly include robust disaster training in their curricula. OBJECTIVES: This study describes the results of the implementation of a novel medical student curriculum in disaster response at an allopathic U...
March 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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