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Disaster Preparedness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332616/addressing-children-s-needs-in-disasters-a-regional-pediatric-tabletop-exercise
#1
Sarita Chung, Aaron H Gardner, David J Schonfeld, Jessica L Franks, Marvin So, Eric J Dziuban, Georgina Peacock
OBJECTIVE: Preparing and responding to the needs of children during public health emergencies continues to be challenging. The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of a tabletop exercise in initiating pediatric preparedness strategies and assessing the impact of the exercise on participants' understanding of and confidence in their roles during pediatric public health emergencies. METHODS: A tabletop exercise was developed to simulate a public health emergency scenario involving smallpox in a child, with subsequent spread to multiple states...
January 15, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317004/superstorm-sandy-s-impact-on-the-provision-of-wic-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-services-in-new-york-state
#2
Michelle Wemette, Asante Shipp Hilts, Stephanie R Mack, Yunshu Li, Millicent Eidson, Loretta A Santilli, Trang Nguyen, Guthrie S Birkhead
OBJECTIVE: Services provided by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) were interrupted in 2012 when Superstorm Sandy struck New York State (NYS). The present study evaluates the impact on WIC providers. DESIGN: A focus group, telephone interviews and anonymous online survey were conducted. Qualitative data were analysed by coding transcribed text into key words and identifying major and minor themes for strengths, challenges and recommendations using national public health preparedness capabilities...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308596/disaster-preparedness-assessment-of-older-adults-living-in-the-nyc-rockaways
#3
Katie Campos-Gatjens
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there has been a measureable improvement in disaster preparedness among older adults affected by Hurricane Sandy in the NYC Rockaways and to identify if there are any characteristics among this sample that might be factors for vulnerability. DESIGN: A 16-item self-reported survey compromised of demographics and needs assessment questions. SUBJECTS: Senior citizens who are members of a local senior center and live in the Rockaways...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291572/application-of-fuzzy-weight-of-evidence-and-data-mining-techniques-in-construction-of-flood-susceptibility-map-of-poyang-county-china
#4
Haoyuan Hong, Paraskevas Tsangaratos, Ioanna Ilia, Junzhi Liu, A-Xing Zhu, Wei Chen
In China, floods are considered as the most frequent natural disaster responsible for severe economic losses and serious damages recorded in agriculture and urban infrastructure. Based on the international experience prevention of flood events may not be completely possible, however identifying susceptible and vulnerable areas through prediction models is considered as a more visible task with flood susceptibility mapping being an essential tool for flood mitigation strategies and disaster preparedness. In this context, the present study proposes a novel approach to construct a flood susceptibility map in the Poyang County, JiangXi Province, China by implementing fuzzy weight of evidence (fuzzy-WofE) and data mining methods...
December 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287974/enhancing-individual-and-community-disaster-preparedness-individuals-with-disabilities-and-others-with-access-and-functional-needs
#5
Judy Kruger, Cynthia F Hinton, Lisa Bundara Sinclair, Brenda Silverman
Preparedness planning is essential to minimizing the impact of disasters on communities and individuals. Attention to the needs of people with disabilities is vital as they have additional needs before, during and after a disaster that are specific to the disabling condition. In this Commentary, we emphasize national guidelines on disability inclusion in emergency preparedness. We examine some potential areas of planning and response that need attention as suggested by preparedness data for people with self-reported disabilities (also referred to as access and functional needs) and highlight selected resources (e...
December 13, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286494/state-institution-%C3%A2-national-research-center-for-radiation-medicine-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine%C3%A2-research-activities-and-scientific-advance-in-2016
#6
D Bazyka, V Sushko, A Chumak, V Buzunov, V Talko, L Yanovych
Research activities and scientific advance achieved in 2016 at the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» (NRCRM) concerning medical problems of the Chornobyl disaster, radiation medicine, radiobiology, radiation hygiene and epidemiology in collaboration with the WHO network of medical preparedness and assistance in radiation accidents are outlined in the annual report. The report presents the results of fundamental and applied research works of the study of radiation effects and health effects of the Chornobyl accident; fulfillment of tasks of «State social program for improving safety, occupational health and working environment in 2014-2018 years»...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280422/health-care-coalitions-as-response-organizations-houston-after-hurricane-harvey
#7
Lori Upton, Thomas D Kirsch, Melissa Harvey, Dan Hanfling
Health care coalitions play an increasingly important role in both preparedness for, response to, and recovery from large scale disaster events occurring across the United States. The actions taken by the South East Texas Regional Advisory Council (SETRAC) in response to the landfall of Hurricane Harvey, and the consequential flooding that ensued, serve as an excellent example of how health care coalitions are increasingly needed to play a unifying role in response. This paper highlights a number of the strategic planning, operational planning and response, information sharing, and resource coordination and management activities that were undertaken for the response to Hurricane Harvey...
December 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280421/theory-and-metrics-of-community-resilience-a-systematic-literature-review-based-on-public-health-guidelines
#8
Lucila M Zamboni
A systematic literature review on quantitative methods to assess community resilience was conducted following Institute of Medicine and Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute standards. Community resilience is the ability of a community to bounce back or return to normal after a disaster strikes, yet there is no agreement on what this actually means. All studies reviewed addressed natural disasters, but the methodological approaches can be applied to technological disasters, epidemics, and terrorist attacks...
December 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277928/a-proposed-framework-of-key-activities-and-processes-in-the-preparedness-and-recovery-phases-of-disaster-management
#9
Richard Oloruntoba, Ramaswami Sridharan, Graydon Davison
This paper proposes an empirically grounded framework for examining the preparedness and recovery phases of disaster management activities and processes pertaining to predictable disasters within a developed country. The two-stage framework provides a single model composed of important preparedness and recovery initiatives, as well as activities and processes derived from empirical data collected for case studies from Australia: the 'Black Saturday' bushfires in the state of Victoria in February 2009; and Cyclone Larry in March 2006...
December 26, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251703/a-pilot-registry-of-trauma-surgeons-willing-and-ready-to-respond-to-disasters
#10
Daniel Grabo, Aaron Strumwasser, Kyle Remick, Susan Briggs
BACKGROUND: A well-defined means of organizing surgeons based on functional capabilities in disaster response has been lacking. We sought to create a pilot registry of surgeons, organized by functional capacities, available to respond to disasters in conjunction with the American College of Surgeons Operation Giving Back and to better understand their participation in disaster medicine training. METHODS: The authors conducted a survey of the members of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma and the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma aimed at establishing a pilot registry of qualified trauma surgeons available to respond to disasters...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236580/measures-of-emergency-preparedness-contributing-to-nursing-home-resilience
#11
Sandi J Lane, Elizabeth McGrady
Resilience approaches have been successfully applied in crisis management, disaster response, and high reliability organizations and have the potential to enhance existing systems of nursing home disaster preparedness. This study's purpose was to determine how the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) "Emergency Preparedness Checklist Recommended Tool for Effective Health Care Facility Planning" contributes to organizational resilience by identifying the benchmark resilience items addressed by the CMS Emergency Preparedness Checklist and items not addressed by the CMS Emergency Preparedness Checklist, and to recommend tools and processes to improve resilience for nursing homes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236288/disaster-preparedness-biological-threats-and-treatment-options
#12
Navaneeth Narayanan, Clifton R Lacy, Joseph E Cruz, Meghan Nahass, Jonathan Karp, Joseph A Barone, Evelyn Hermes-DeSantis
Biological disasters can be natural, accidental, or intentional. Biological threats have made a lasting impact on civilization. This review will focus on agents of clinical significance, bioterrorism, and national security; specifically Category A agents (anthrax, botulism, plague, tularemia, and smallpox), as well as briefly discuss other naturally-emerging infections of public health significance including Ebola virus (also a Category A agent) and Zika virus. The role of the pharmacist in disaster preparedness and disaster response is multifaceted and important...
December 13, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236028/beyond-disaster-preparedness-building-a-resilience-oriented-workforce-for-the-future
#13
REVIEW
Jaime Madrigano, Anita Chandra, Tracy Costigan, Joie D Acosta
Enhancing citizens' and communities' resilience is critical to adapt successfully to ongoing challenges faced by communities, as well as acute shocks resulting from disasters. While significant progress has been made in this area, several research and practice gaps remain. A crucial next step to advance resilience is the development of a resilience-oriented workforce. This narrative review examines existing literature to determine key components of a resilience-oriented workforce, with a focus on organizational structures, training and education, and leadership models...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218967/call-for-national-dialogue-adapting-standards-of-care-in-extreme-events-we-are-not-ready
#14
Lynette Cusack, Kristine Gebbie
Clinical practices are based on a common understanding of nursing's professional standards in all aspects of patient care, no matter what the circumstances are. Circumstances can however, change dramatically due to emergencies, disasters, or pandemics and may make it difficult to meet the standard of care in the way nurses are accustomed. The Australian nursing profession has not yet facilitated a broad discussion and debate at the professional and institutional level about adapting standards of care under extreme conditions, a dialogue which goes beyond the content of basic emergency and disaster preparedness...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215834/a-united-response-programs-in-israel-and-jersey-city-n-j-shift-the-paradigm-of-the-community-s-role-in-medical-response-and-disaster-preparedness
#15
Dov Maisel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: JEMS: a Journal of Emergency Medical Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208073/dallas-megashelter-medical-operations-response-to-hurricane-harvey
#16
E Liang Liu, Brandon Morshedi, Brian L Miller, Ronna Miller, S Marshal Isaacs, Raymond L Fowler, Wendy Chung, Ruby Blum, Breanne Ward, John Carlo, Halim Hennes, Frank Webster, Trish Perl, Chris Noah, Rob Monaghan, Andrew H Tran, Fern Benitez, Julie Graves, Caitlin Kibbey, Kelly R Klein, Raymond E Swienton
On August 25, 2017, Hurricane Harvey made landfall near Corpus Christi, Texas. The ensuing unprecedented flooding throughout the Texas coastal region affected millions of individuals.1 The statewide response in Texas included the sheltering of thousands of individuals at considerable distances from their homes. The Dallas area established large-scale general population sheltering as the number of evacuees to the area began to amass. Historically, the Dallas area is one familiar with "mega-sheltering," beginning with the response to Hurricane Katrina in 2005...
December 6, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198239/medical-response-to-the-tianjin-explosions-lessons-learned
#17
Jin-Jun Zhang, Tian-Bing Wang, Da Fan, Jun Zhang, Bao-Guo Jiang
BACKGROUND: On August 12, 2015, a hazardous chemical explosion occurred in the Tianjin Port of China. The explosions resulted in 165 deaths, 8 missing people, injuries to thousands of people. We present the responses of emergency medical services and hospitals to the explosions and summarize the lessons that can be learned. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of the responses of emergency medical services and hospitals to the Tianjin explosions. Data on injuries, outcomes, and patient flow were obtained from the government and the hospitals...
December 4, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189694/committee-opinion-no-726-hospital-disaster-preparedness-for-obstetricians-and-facilities-providing-maternity-care
#18
(no author information available yet)
Large-scale catastrophic events and infectious disease outbreaks highlight the need for disaster planning at all community levels. Features unique to the obstetric population (including antepartum, intrapartum, postpartum and neonatal care) warrant special consideration in the event of a disaster. Pregnancy increases the risks of untoward outcomes from various infectious diseases. Trauma during pregnancy presents anatomic and physiologic considerations that often can require increased use of resources such as higher rates of cesarean delivery...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189692/committee-opinion-no-726-summary-hospital-disaster-preparedness-for-obstetricians-and-facilities-providing-maternity-care
#19
(no author information available yet)
Large-scale catastrophic events and infectious disease outbreaks highlight the need for disaster planning at all community levels. Features unique to the obstetric population (including antepartum, intrapartum, postpartum and neonatal care) warrant special consideration in the event of a disaster. Pregnancy increases the risks of untoward outcomes from various infectious diseases. Trauma during pregnancy presents anatomic and physiologic considerations that often can require increased use of resources such as higher rates of cesarean delivery...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188132/what-do-we-mean-by-community-resilience-a-systematic-literature-review-of-how-it-is-defined-in-the-literature
#20
Sonny S Patel, M Brooke Rogers, Richard Amlôt, G James Rubin
Background: Government, industry and charitable organisations have an increasing focus on programs intended to support community resilience to disasters. But has consensus been reached as to what defines 'community resilience' and what its core characteristics are? Methods: We undertook a systematic literature review of definitions of community resilience related to disasters. We conducted an inductive thematic analysis of the definitions and descriptions that we identified, in order to determine the proposed characteristics of community resilience prior to, during and after a disaster...
February 1, 2017: PLoS Currents
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