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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164725/a-scoping-review-of-environmental-health-nursing-research
#1
Barbara J Polivka, Rosemary V Chaudry
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review was to determine the extent and focus of published environmental health nursing research. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The search was limited to peer reviewed, English-language environmental health nursing research with at least one nursing author, published between 1995 and 2015 in a nursing journal, and catalogued in CINAHL. RESULTS: Publication of the 548 identified articles occurred in 118 different nursing journals...
November 22, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155656/us-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-and-its-partners-contributions-to-global-health-security
#2
Jordan W Tappero, Cynthia H Cassell, Rebecca E Bunnell, Frederick J Angulo, Allen Craig, Nicki Pesik, Benjamin A Dahl, Kashef Ijaz, Hamid Jafari, Rebecca Martin
To achieve compliance with the revised World Health Organization International Health Regulations (IHR 2005), countries must be able to rapidly prevent, detect, and respond to public health threats. Most nations, however, remain unprepared to manage and control complex health emergencies, whether due to natural disasters, emerging infectious disease outbreaks, or the inadvertent or intentional release of highly pathogenic organisms. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) works with countries and partners to build and strengthen global health security preparedness so they can quickly respond to public health crises...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151402/difference-in-first-aid-activity-during-mass-casualty-training-based-on-having-taken-an-educational-course
#3
Youichi Yanagawa, Kazuhiko Omori, Kouhei Ishikawa, Ikuto Takeuchi, Kei Jitsuiki, Toshihiko Yoshizawa, Jun Sato, Hideyuki Matsumoto, Masaru Tsuchiya, Hiromichi Osaka
BACKGROUND: The Japanese Association for Disaster Medicine developed a mass casualty life support (MCLS) course to improve cooperation among medical practitioners during a disaster, which is essential for reducing the rates of preventable disaster death. We investigated whether there was difference in first aid activity among members of the ambulance service during mass casualty training based on having taken the MCLS course. METHODS: Mass casualty training was held at the fire department of Numazu City...
November 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151398/disaster-risk-reduction-in-myanmar-a-need-for-focus-on-community-preparedness-and-improved-evaluation-of-initiatives
#4
Andrew D Smith, Emily Y Y Chan
Myanmar is a country in political and economic transition. Facing a wide-variety of natural hazards and ongoing conflict, the country's under-developed infrastructure has resulted in high disaster risk. Following the devastation of Cyclone Nargis in 2008 and increased global focus on disaster management and risk reduction, Myanmar has begun development of national disaster policies. Myanmar's Action Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction addressed multiple stages of disaster development and has made progress towards national projects, however, has struggled to implement community-based preparedness and response initiatives...
November 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149064/who-participates-in-the-great-shakeout-why-audience-segmentation-is-the-future-of-disaster-preparedness-campaigns
#5
Rachel M Adams, Beth Karlin, David P Eisenman, Johanna Blakley, Deborah Glik
Background: In 2008, the Southern California Earthquake Center in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program launched the first annual Great ShakeOut, the largest earthquake preparedness drill in the history of the United States. Materials and Methods: We collected online survey data from 2052 campaign registrants to assess how people participated, whether audience segments shared behavioral patterns, and whether these segments were associated with five social cognitive factors targeted by the ShakeOut campaign...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129187/developing-the-fourth-evaluation-dimension-a-protocol-for-evaluation-of-video-from-the-patient-s-perspective-during-major-incident-exercises
#6
J J Mark Haverkort, Luke P H Leenen
OBJECTIVE: Presently used evaluation techniques rely on 3 traditional dimensions: reports from observers, registration system data, and observational cameras. Some of these techniques are observer-dependent and are not reproducible for a second review. This proof-of-concept study aimed to test the feasibility of extending evaluation to a fourth dimension, the patient's perspective. METHODS: Footage was obtained during a large, full-scale hospital trauma drill. Two mock victims were equipped with point-of-view cameras filming from the patient's head...
October 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122057/novel-it-application-for-reverse-triage-selection-a-pilot-study
#7
Gwen Pollaris, Stéphanie Note, Didier Desruelles, Marc Sabbe
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate an evidence-based information technology (IT) application that guides clinical decision-making during the reverse-triage selection process in mass casualty incidents. METHODS: Based upon 28 validated critical interventions (CI) relevant for determining whether a patient qualifies for early discharge, we developed the Reverse Triage Tool of Leuven (RTTL). The RTTL is compatible with the health electronic record (HER) of UZ Leuven, a tertiary hospital in Belgium...
November 10, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121624/remembering-the-1918-influenza-pandemic-national-survey-of-memorials-and-scope-for-enhancing-educational-value-around-pandemic-preparedness
#8
Nick Wilson, Catharine Ferguson, Geoffrey Rice, Michael G Baker, Ben Schrader, Christine Clement, George Thomson
AIM: To systematically identify physical memorials to the 1918 influenza pandemic in an entire country. METHODS: Internet searches, contact with local historians and field expeditions were conducted. RESULTS: Despite the high impact of the 1918 influenza pandemic in New Zealand (~8,600 deaths), only seven publicly accessible local memorials which referred this pandemic were identified. Another 11 memorials were identified, but these were in private settings or did not refer to the pandemic...
November 10, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094662/the-duty-of-mind-ethical-capacity-in-a-time-of-crisis
#9
Caitlin Ryus, Jay Baruch
In a disaster, physicians are forced to make challenging and heartbreaking ethical decisions under conditions of physical and emotional exhaustion. Evidence shows that the conditions of stress that mark disasters can undermine the process of ethical decision-making. This results in biased allocation of scarce resources, fewer utilitarian and altruistic decisions, and a wider variation in decisions. Stress also predisposes clinicians to decision strategy errors, such as premature closure, that lead to poor outcomes...
November 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092741/disaster-preparation-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-questionnaire-based-cohort-study-from-a-large-united-states-transplant-center%C3%A2
#10
Shimi Sharief, Daniel Freitas, Deborah Adey, James Wiley
BACKGROUND: Few quantitative assessments have assessed disaster preparation in kidney transplant patients. This is a survey-based assessment of disaster preparedness of 200 patients at the University of California San Francisco, USA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients answered questionnaires assessing their level of preparedness as well as barriers to preparation. Preparedness was scored based on response to 7 questions. Univariate analyses compared participant characteristics extracted from the medical chart against three tertiles of preparedness: low (scores 0 - 2), medium (scores 3 - 4), and high (scores 5 - 7)...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072269/disaster-preparedness-risk-rout-and-ruination
#11
Anthony King
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070085/the-south-dakota-model-health-care-professions-student-disaster-preparedness-and-deployment-training
#12
Matt P Owens, Cheri Buffington, Michael P Frost, Randall J Waldner
OBJECTIVE: The Association of American Medical Colleges recommended an increase in medical education for public health emergencies, bioterrorism, and weapons of mass destruction in 2003. The University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine (USD SSOM) implemented a 1-day training event to provide disaster preparedness training and deployment organization for health professions students called Disaster Training Day (DTD). METHODS: Hospital staff and emergency medical services personnel provided the lecture portion of DTD using Core Disaster Life Support (CDLS; National Disaster Life Support Foundation) as the framework...
October 26, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065491/how-do-communities-use-a-participatory-public-health-approach-to-build-resilience-the-los-angeles-county-community-disaster-resilience-project
#13
Elizabeth Bromley, David P Eisenman, Aizita Magana, Malcolm Williams, Biblia Kim, Michael McCreary, Anita Chandra, Kenneth B Wells
Community resilience is a key concept in the National Health Security Strategy that emphasizes development of multi-sector partnerships and equity through community engagement. Here, we describe the advancement of CR principles through community participatory methods in the Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience (LACCDR) initiative. LACCDR, an initiative led by the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health with academic partners, randomized 16 community coalitions to implement either an Enhanced Standard Preparedness or Community Resilience approach over 24 months...
October 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056100/international-adoption-of-children-surviving-the-haitian-earthquake
#14
Julie Pascal, Marion Décombas-Marion, Véronique Poirier, Alexandre Lautrette, Emilie Rigal, Julie Sciauvaud, Bruno Pereira, André Labbe, Olivier Lesens
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate resilience and frequency of behavioral symptoms in Haitian children internationally adopted before and after the earthquake of January 12, 2010. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective quantitative study in 40 Haitian children. Families were also asked to participate in a qualitative study (individual interview at 18-24 months after the earthquake) and to complete State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and STAI for children (STAI-C) questionnaires...
October 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055685/moments-of-disaster-response-in-the-emergency-department-ed
#15
Karen S Hammad, Paul Arbon, Kristine Gebbie, Alison Hutton
BACKGROUND: We experience our lives as a series of memorable moments, some good and some bad. Undoubtedly, the experience of participating in disaster response, is likely to stand out as a memorable moment in a nurses' career. This presentation will describe five distinct moments of nursing in the emergency department (ED) during a disaster response. METHODS: A Hermeneutic Phenomenological approach informed by van Manen underpins the research process. Thirteen nurses from different countries around the world participated in interviews about their experience of working in the ED during a disaster...
November 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054103/preparedness-education-in-the-baccalaureate-nursing-curriculum-an-authentic-clinical-experience
#16
Dawn M Bowker, Brandi J Tomlinson
Healthy People 2020 supports the preparation of nurse graduates to assess emergency preparedness needs of defined populations and includes preparedness as one of its objectives. Natural disaster preparedness is addressed through the lens of community-centered care that meets the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses domains of patient-centered care and teamwork and collaboration. This article discusses the development of an authentic clinical experience through collaboration between the American Red Cross and a baccalaureate nursing program...
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043571/an-uncertainty-based-framework-to-quantifying-climate-change-impacts-on-coastal-flood-vulnerability-case-study-of-new-york-city
#17
Zahra Zahmatkesh, Mohammad Karamouz
The continued development efforts around the world, growing population, and the increased probability of occurrence of extreme hydrologic events have adversely affected natural and built environments. Flood damages and loss of lives from the devastating storms, such as Irene and Sandy on the East Coast of the USA, are examples of the vulnerability to flooding that even developed countries have to face. The odds of coastal flooding disasters have been increased due to accelerated sea level rise, climate change impacts, and communities' interest to live near the coastlines...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041996/preparedness-training-programs-for-working-with-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-communities-and-older-adults-lessons-learned-from-key-informants-and-literature-assessments
#18
Patricia W Kamau, Susan L Ivey, Stephanie E Griese, Shoukat H Qari
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (1) identify available training programs for emergency response personnel and public health professionals on addressing the needs of Deaf and hard of hearing individuals and older adults, (2) identify strategies to improve these training programs, and (3) identify gaps in available training programs and make recommendations for addressing these gaps. METHODS: A literature review was conducted to identify relevant training programs and identify lessons learned...
October 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041994/hospital-surge-capacity-a-web-based-simulation-tool-for-emergency-planners
#19
Matthew F Toerper, Gabor D Kelen, Lauren M Sauer, Jamil D Bayram, Christina Catlett, Scott Levin
The National Center for the Study of Preparedness and Catastrophic Event Response (PACER) has created a publicly available simulation tool called Surge (accessible at http://www.pacerapps.org) to estimate surge capacity for user-defined hospitals. Based on user input, a Monte Carlo simulation algorithm forecasts available hospital bed capacity over a 7-day period and iteratively assesses the ability to accommodate disaster patients. Currently, the tool can simulate bed capacity for acute mass casualty events (such as explosions) only and does not specifically simulate staff and supply inventory...
October 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041992/understanding-patterns-of-socioeconomic-and-demographic-factors-along-with-health-services-provider-availability-for-zika-outbreak-in-south-florida
#20
Linda McQuade, Mya Rao, Roger Miller, Winnie Zhou, Rinku Deol, Brian Sato
In this study, we analyzed the patterns of socioeconomic and demographic factors along with health services provider availability for the current Zika outbreak in Miami-Dade County, South Florida. We used Center for Consumer Information & Insurance Oversight (CCIIO) Machine-Readable Public Use Files (MR-PUFs) to examine provider availability in combination with socioeconomic and demographic factors that could potentially lead to healthcare disparities between any underserved population of the Wynwood neighborhood and the broader population of Miami-Dade County...
October 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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