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Disaster Preparedness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645042/the-changing-health-priorities-of-earthquake-response-and-implications-for-preparedness-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
C Cartwright, M Hall, A C K Lee
OBJECTIVES: Earthquakes have substantial impacts on mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). The academic evidence base to support Disaster Risk Reduction activities in LMIC settings is, however, limited. We sought to address this gap by identifying the health and healthcare impacts of earthquakes in LMICs and to identify the implications of these findings for future earthquake preparedness. STUDY DESIGN: Scoping review. METHODS: A scoping review was undertaken with systematic searches of indexed databases to identify relevant literature...
June 20, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642628/particulate-air-pollution-from-wildfires-in-the-western-us-under-climate-change
#2
Jia Coco Liu, Loretta J Mickley, Melissa P Sulprizio, Francesca Dominici, Xu Yue, Keita Ebisu, Georgiana Brooke Anderson, Rafi F A Khan, Mercedes A Bravo, Michelle L Bell
Wildfire can impose a direct impact on human health under climate change. While the potential impacts of climate change on wildfires and resulting air pollution have been studied, it is not known who will be most affected by the growing threat of wildfires. Identifying communities that will be most affected will inform development of fire management strategies and disaster preparedness programs. We estimate levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) directly attributable to wildfires in 561 western US counties during fire seasons for the present-day (2004-2009) and future (2046-2051), using a fire prediction model and GEOS-Chem, a 3-D global chemical transport model...
October 2016: Climatic Change
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635602/preparedness-for-natural-disasters-in-colombia
#3
Joe Parkin Daniels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633681/copewell-a-conceptual-framework-and-system-dynamics-model-for-predicting-community-functioning-and-resilience-after-disasters
#4
Jonathan M Links, Brian S Schwartz, Sen Lin, Norma Kanarek, Judith Mitrani-Reiser, Tara Kirk Sell, Crystal R Watson, Doug Ward, Cathy Slemp, Robert Burhans, Kimberly Gill, Tak Igusa, Xilei Zhao, Benigno Aguirre, Joseph Trainor, Joanne Nigg, Thomas Inglesby, Eric Carbone, James M Kendra
OBJECTIVE: Policy-makers and practitioners have a need to assess community resilience in disasters. Prior efforts conflated resilience with community functioning, combined resistance and recovery (the components of resilience), and relied on a static model for what is inherently a dynamic process. We sought to develop linked conceptual and computational models of community functioning and resilience after a disaster. METHODS: We developed a system dynamics computational model that predicts community functioning after a disaster...
June 21, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625230/health-care-student-knowledge-and-willingness-to-work-in-infectious-disease-outbreaks
#5
Rima Patel, Kapil Wattamwar, Jaya Kanduri, Meghan Nahass, Jennifer Yoon, Justin Oh, Parth Shukla, Clifton R Lacy
OBJECTIVE: Health care workers are critical first responders. Understanding which factors motivate their willingness to work (WTW) during infectious disease outbreaks may guide improvements in preparedness. The perspective of health care students, the future workforce, remains largely unexplored. This study compared factors influencing WTW among medical, nursing, and pharmacy students. METHODS: A printed survey was administered to 631 medical, nursing, and pharmacy students...
June 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625220/economic-spillovers-from-public-investments-in-medical-countermeasures-a-case-study-of-a-burn-debridement-product
#6
Farah Farahati, Scott Nystrom, David R Howell, Richard Jaffe
OBJECTIVE: The US federal government invests in the development of medical countermeasures for addressing adverse health effects to the civilian population from chemical, biological, and radiological or nuclear threats. We model the potential economic spillover effects in day-to-day burn care for a federal investment in a burn debridement product for responding to an improvised nuclear device. METHODS: We identify and assess 4 primary components for projecting the potential economic spillover benefits of a burn debridement product: (1) market size, (2) clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness, (3) product cost, and (4) market adoption rates...
June 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625213/effect-of-residence-in-temporary-housing-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-on-the-physical-activity-and-quality-of-life-of-older-survivors
#7
Nobuaki Moriyama, Yukio Urabe, Shuichi Onoda, Noriaki Maeda, Tomoyoshi Oikawa
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the physical activity level and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between older survivors residing in temporary housing after the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE; temporary housing group) and older individuals residing in their own homes (control group) and to clarify whether mobility function and muscle strength were correlated with physical activity among older temporary housing residents. METHODS: Subjects were recruited to the temporary housing group (n=64, 19 men and 45 women) or control group (n=64, 33 men and 31 women) according to their residence...
June 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612689/evaluation-of-flood-preparedness-in-government-healthcare-facilities-in-eastern-province-sri-lanka
#8
Jessica M Farley, Inoka Suraweera, W L S P Perera, Jeremy Hess, Kristie L Ebi
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka is vulnerable to floods and other hydro-meteorological disasters. Climate change is projected to increase the intensity of these events. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the flood preparedness in healthcare facilities in Eastern Province. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, mixed methods study conducted in Trincomalee District. Surveys were conducted in 31 government healthcare facilities, using a pre-tested, structured questionnaire covering the last 5 years...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606208/medical-requirements-during-a-natural-disaster-a-case-study-on-whatsapp-chats-among-medical-personnel-during-the-2015-nepal-earthquake
#9
Moumita Basu, Saptarshi Ghosh, Arnab Jana, Somprakash Bandyopadhyay, Ravikant Singh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore a log of WhatsApp messages exchanged among members of the health care group Doctors For You (DFY) while they were providing medical relief in the aftermath of the Nepal earthquake in April 2015. Our motivation was to identify medical resource requirements during a disaster in order to help government agencies and other responding organizations to be better prepared in any upcoming disaster. METHODS: A large set of WhatsApp (WhatsApp Inc, Mountain View, CA) messages exchanged among DFY members during the Nepal earthquake was collected and analyzed to identify the medical resource requirements during different phases of relief operations...
June 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606207/utilizing-a-pediatric-disaster-coalition-model-to-increase-pediatric-critical-care-surge-capacity-in-new-york-city
#10
Michael Frogel, Avram Flamm, Mayer Sagy, Katharine Uraneck, Edward Conway, Michael Ushay, Bruce M Greenwald, Louisdon Pierre, Vikas Shah, Mohamed Gaffoor, Arthur Cooper, George Foltin
A mass casualty event can result in an overwhelming number of critically injured pediatric victims that exceeds the available capacity of pediatric critical care (PCC) units, both locally and regionally. To address these gaps, the New York City (NYC) Pediatric Disaster Coalition (PDC) was established. The PDC includes experts in emergency preparedness, critical care, surgery, and emergency medicine from 18 of 25 major NYC PCC-capable hospitals. A PCC surge committee created recommendations for making additional PCC beds available with an emphasis on space, staff, stuff (equipment), and systems...
June 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601203/the-care-of-thermally-injured-patients-in-operational-austere-and-mass-casualty-situations
#11
REVIEW
Booker T King, Wylan C Peterson
Burn injury affects a half million people in the United States annually. The severe thermal injury can have long-term debilitating effects. The management of burn patients in austere and operational environments is more complex. Mass casualty incidents can result in a large number of patients with multiple traumatic injuries, which often include burn injury. Appropriate triage of casualties is essential. Severely burned patients should be evacuated to a burn center if possible. Airway management and fluid resuscitation of burn patients present unique challenges...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597855/post-disaster-mental-health-and-psychosocial-support-experience-from-the-2015-nepal-earthquake
#12
Surendra Sherchan, Reuben Samuel, Kedar Marahatta, Nazneen Anwar, Mark Humphrey Van Ommeren, Roderico Ofrin
On 25 April 2015, an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 struck Nepal, which, along with the subsequent aftershocks, killed 8897 people, injured 22 303 and left 2.8 million homeless. Previous efforts to provide services for mental health and psychological support (MHPSS) in humanitarian settings in Nepal have been largely considered inadequate and poorly coordinated. Immediately after the earthquake, the Government of Nepal declared a state of emergency and the health sector started to respond. The immediate response to the earthquake was coordinated following the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) cluster approach...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592339/mass-casualty-incidents-in-the-underground-mining-industry-applying-the-haddon-matrix-on-an-integrative-literature-review
#13
Karl Gunnar Engström, John Angrén, Ulf Björnstig, Britt-Inger Saveman
OBJECTIVE: Underground mining is associated with obvious risks that can lead to mass casualty incidents. Information about such incidents was analyzed in an integrated literature review. METHODS: A literature search (1980-2015) identified 564 modern-era underground mining reports from countries sharing similar occupational health legislation. These reports were condensed to 31 reports after consideration of quality grading and appropriateness to the aim. The Haddon matrix was used for structure, separating human factors from technical and environmental details, and timing...
June 8, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592335/disaster-management-structure-of-universities-case-study-of-the-central-campus-of-the-university-of-tehran
#14
Babak Omidvar, Kayvan Karimloo, Sadegh Tavakoli Sani, Hassan Darabi
OBJECTIVE: Research on the disaster management plans of renowned universities worldwide shows that such plans are generally compiled in 3 categories: structural, nonstructural, and organizational sections. The importance of earthquakes in Tehran and the high vulnerability of the University of Tehran to earthquakes encouraged us to challenge the university's plans concerning disaster management. METHODS: An initial attempt was made to analyze the disaster management of 23 renowned universities worldwide and their structure compared with the present organizational structure of the University of Tehran...
June 8, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580891/a-stochastic-programming-model-for-decision-making-concerning-medical-supply-location-and-allocation-in-disaster-management
#15
Samad Barri Khojasteh, Irfan Macit
We propose a stochastic programming model as a solution for optimizing the problem of locating and allocating medical supplies used in disaster management. To prepare for natural disasters, we developed a stochastic optimization approach to select the storage location of medical supplies and determine their inventory levels and to allocate each type of medical supply. Our model also captures disaster elaborations and possible effects of disasters by using a new classification for major earthquake scenarios...
June 5, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578748/epidemiological-effectiveness-and-cost-of-a-fungal-meningitis-outbreak-response-in-new-river-valley-virginia-local-health-department-and-clinical-perspectives
#16
Nargesalsadat Dorratoltaj, Margaret L O'Dell, Paige Bordwine, Thomas M Kerkering, Kerry J Redican, Kaja M Abbas
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effectiveness and cost of a fungal meningitis outbreak response in the New River Valley of Virginia during 2012-2013 from the perspective of the local public health department and clinical facilities. The fungal meningitis outbreak affected 23 states in the United States with 751 cases and 64 deaths in 20 states; there were 56 cases and 5 deaths in Virginia. METHODS: We conducted a partial economic evaluation of the fungal meningitis outbreak response in New River Valley...
June 5, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576233/disaster-preparedness-and-response-for-the-burn-mass-casualty-incident-in-the-twenty-first-century
#17
REVIEW
Randy D Kearns, David E Marcozzi, Noran Barry, Lewis Rubinson, Charles Scott Hultman, Preston B Rich
The effective and efficient coordination of emergent patient care at the point of injury followed by the systematic resource-based triage of casualties are the most critical factors that influence patient outcomes after mass casualty incidents (MCIs). The effectiveness and appropriateness of implemented actions are largely determined by the extent and efficacy of the planning and preparation that occur before the MCI. The goal of this work was to define the essential efforts related to planning, preparation, and execution of acute and subacute medical care for disaster burn casualties...
July 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566110/society-for-the-advancement-of-disaster-nursing-exploring-the-path-to-excellence
#18
Roberta Proffitt Lavin, Deborah S Adelman, Tener Goodwin Veenema
OBJECTIVE: Major disasters occurring within the Unites States require nursing participation as a component of a successful response. Disaster nursing includes the care of populations affected by disasters, public health emergencies, and mass casualty events, both natural and man-made. A unique knowledge base, abilities, and skills are needed to respond appropriately to health care and human service needs resulting from these events. METHODS: Despite prior efforts to advance disaster nursing as a specialty, none were sustainable and a professional framework for establishing standards and guidelines remains lacking...
June 1, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560942/categorization-and-analysis-of-disaster-health-publications-an-inventory
#19
Marvin L Birnbaum, Sowmya Adibhatla, Olivia Dudek, Jessica Ramsel-Miller
Disaster Medicine is a relatively new discipline. Understanding of the current status of its science is needed in order to develop a roadmap for the direction and structure of future studies that will contribute to building the science of the health aspects of disasters (HADs). The objective of this study was to examine the existing, peer-reviewed literature relevant to the HADs to determine the status of the currently available literature underlying the science of the HADs. A total of 709 consecutive, peer-reviewed articles published from 2009-2014 in two disaster-health-related medical journals, Prehospital and Disaster Medicine (PDM) and Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness (DMPHP), were examined...
May 31, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557770/disaster-preparedness-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#20
Wanda D Barfield, Steven E Krug
Disasters disproportionally affect vulnerable, technology-dependent people, including preterm and critically ill newborn infants. It is important for health care providers to be aware of and prepared for the potential consequences of disasters for the NICU. Neonatal intensive care personnel can provide specialized expertise for their hospital, community, and regional emergency preparedness plans and can help develop institutional surge capacity for mass critical care, including equipment, medications, personnel, and facility resources...
May 2017: Pediatrics
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