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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890031/a-national-assessment-of-the-health-and-safety-of-emergency-medical-services-professionals
#1
Melissa A Bentley, Roger Levine
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to assess changes in (1) health and physical fitness, (2) the prevalence of selected health problems, (3) risk behaviors, (4) ambulance safety issues, and (5) the preparedness of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) professionals. In addition, the incidence of patient-initiated violence directed toward EMS personnel and associated factors were assessed. METHODS: Data were obtained from a sample of nationally certified EMS professionals via annual questionnaires between 1999 and 2008...
November 28, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885092/nuclear-and-radiological-preparedness-the-achievements-of-the-european-research-project-prepare
#2
Thierry Schneider, Florian Gering, Sylvie Charron, Mark Zhelezniak, Spyros Andronopoulos, Gilles Heriard-Dubreuil, Johan Camps, Wolfgang Raskob
The PREPARE project aimed closing gaps identified in nuclear and radiological preparedness in Europe following the first evaluation of the Fukushima disaster. With 46 partners from Europe and Japan, it collected the key players in the area of emergency management and rehabilitation preparedness. Starting from February 2013, the project ended in January 2016. Among others, the project reviewed existing operational procedures for long-lasting releases, cross-border problems in radiation monitoring and food safety and further developed missing functionalities in decision support systems ranging from improved source term estimation and dispersion modelling to the inclusion of hydrological pathways for European water bodies...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881208/the-west-africa-disaster-preparedness-initiative-strengthening-national-capacities-for-all-hazards-disaster-preparedness
#3
Melinda J Morton Hamer, Paul L Reed, Jane D Greulich, Gabor D Kelen, Nicole A Bradstreet, Charles W Beadling
OBJECTIVE: The Ebola outbreak demonstrated the need for improved disaster response throughout West Africa. The West Africa Disaster Preparedness Initiative was a training and assessment effort led by US Africa Command and partners to strengthen capacities among 12 West African partner nations (PNs). METHODS: Series of 3-week training sessions with representatives from each PN were held from 13 July through 20 November 2015 at the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre in Accra, Ghana...
November 24, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873296/emergency-preparedness-of-veterans-and-nonveterans
#4
Joseph F Iii Geiger
This study examined statistical differences in levels of disaster preparedness between former members of the US Armed Forces (veterans) and civilians (nonveterans). It was hypothesized that veterans would exhibit a higher degree of disaster preparedness as compared to their nonveteran counterparts as a consequence of their training and life experience. Furthermore, if this were proven to be valid, the finding would identify this cohort as an ideal target audience for emergency and disaster preparedness education efforts...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866509/assistive-technology-and-older-adults-in-disasters-implications-for-emergency-management
#5
Mary Helen McSweeney-Feld
This article identifies concepts, trends, and policy gaps in the availability and service delivery of assistive technology utilized by older adults in disasters, as well as implications for emergency management planning and shelter administration. Definitions of types of assistive technology, as well as views of older adults using technology as at-risk individuals for emergency management service provision, are provided. An overview of peer-reviewed articles and gray literature is conducted, focusing on publications from 2001 to the present in the United States...
November 21, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863584/implications-of-disaster-preparedness-for-nursing
#6
EDITORIAL
Deborah J Persell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863583/disaster-planning-preparedness-mitigation-response-and-recovery-a-call-for-all-nurses-to-action
#7
EDITORIAL
Stephen D Krau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863578/wildfire-disasters-and-nursing
#8
REVIEW
Patricia Frohock Hanes
Multiple factors contribute to wildfires in California and other regions: drought, winds, climate change, and spreading urbanization. Little has been done to study the multiple roles of nurses related to wildfire disasters. Major nursing organizations support disaster education for nurses. It is essential for nurses to recognize their roles in each phase of the disaster cycle: mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. Skills learned in the US federal all-hazards approach to disasters can then be adapted to more specific disasters, such as wildfires, and issues affecting health care...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863574/all-the-resources-was-gone-the-environmental-context-of-disaster-nursing
#9
REVIEW
Stasia E Ruskie
US nurses are not prepared for the altered conditions of the disaster environment, nor has the context of providing disaster nursing care been a focus of disaster research. Using an existential phenomenologic approach, US nurses described the "not normal" conditions of the disaster environment they experienced as physically and emotionally challenging, because of the reduced infrastructural capabilities, unfamiliar patient populations, and reliance on low-technology nursing with insufficient staff and supplies...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842618/research-on-modularized-design-and-allocation-of-infectious-disease-prevention-and-control-equipment-in-china
#10
Xin Zhao, Yun-Dou Wang, Xiao-Feng Zhang, Shu-Tian Gao, Li-Jun Guo, Li-Na Sun
For the prevention and control of newly emergent or sudden infectious diseases, we built an on-site, modularized prevention and control system and tested the equipment by using the clustering analysis method. On the basis of this system, we propose a modular equipment allocation method and 4 applications of this method for different types of infectious disease prevention and control. This will help to improve the efficiency and productivity of anti-epidemic emergency forces and will provide strong technical support for implementing more universal and serialized equipment in China...
November 15, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842614/social-factors-associated-with-psychological-distress-and-health-problems-among-elderly-members-of-a-disaster-affected-population-subgroup-analysis-of-a-1-year-post-disaster-survey-in-ishinomaki-area-japan
#11
Mariko Inoue, Kazue Yamaoka
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the influence of social factors, especially social support, on psychological distress and the prevalence of health problems (HPs) among victims living in their homes 14 to 21 months after the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami. METHODS: A subgroup analysis was performed for elderly participants of a cross-sectional household survey in Ishinomaki area, Japan. The prevalence of psychological HPs was assessed by using a psychological distress questionnaire (K6) and by recording the number of subjective HPs...
November 15, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837014/concerns-with-entertainment-education-zombie-pandemic-preparedness-and-the-unanticipated-promotion-of-a-weapons-culture
#12
Frank Houghton, Jeremy Toms, Ghazal Meratnia, Krista Loney, Edward Hopkins, Katie Del Monte
Entertainment-education has proved to be an engaging medium through which to explore health and social issues in populations. Given the popularity of the zombie theme in popular culture it is no surprise therefore that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adopted this theme in an effort to engage youth and young adults in emergency preparedness. However, an earlier observational study involving elementary school children based on this premise raised concerns that it may have unexpectedly promoted a focus on firearms...
November 10, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834915/opioid-substitution-treatment-planning-in-a-disaster-context-perspectives-from-emergency-management-and-health-professionals-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#13
Denise Blake, Antonia Lyons
Opioid Substitution Treatment (OST) is a harm reduction strategy enabling opiate consumers to avoid withdrawal symptoms and maintain health and wellbeing. Some research shows that within a disaster context service disruptions and infrastructure damage affect OST services, including problems with accessibility, dosing, and scripts. Currently little is known about planning for OST in the reduction and response phases of a disaster. This study aimed to identify the views of three professional groups working in Aotearoa/New Zealand about OST provision following a disaster...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830638/successful-post-disaster-recovery-requires-adequate-pre-disaster-preparedness-the-case-of-gulf-countries
#14
Yassar Alamri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830634/lessons-from-new-york-state-s-preparedness-efforts-for-ebola
#15
Howard A Zucker, Dennis Whalen, Kenneth E Raske
Preparing an entire health care system for an outbreak of a deadly infectious disease is an intensive, time-consuming process that requires collaboration and cooperation at all levels. New York achieved this goal when it became apparent that the Ebola outbreak in West Africa had the potential to spread beyond the 3 most heavily impacted countries. We discuss New York's work with health care associations to prepare the multiple tiers of the state's health care system to successfully transport, identify, diagnose, and treat the disease, while also handling clinical, consequence, and communications management of the outbreak...
November 10, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829655/cuba-time-to-expand-health-in-all-policies
#16
Pastor Castell-Florit Serrate, Pedro Más-Bermejo
The Adelaide Statement on Health in All Policies (2010), lays out equity-based principles designed to guide policymakers on incorporating health and well-being components into the development, implementation and evaluation of policy and practice while moving towards shared governance at all levels-local, regional, national and international. Special emphasis is placed on cross-sector coordination to achieve policy goals, while improving health and well-being for all.[1] In Cuba's case, experience in disaster preparedness, particularly for hurricanes, has shown good cross-sector coordination...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820711/when-protocols-become-fairy-tales-and-gods-remain-buried-under-excerpts-from-the-diary-of-forensic-experts-at-ground-zero-during-the-mega-quake-that-hit-nepal
#17
Jenash Acharya, Rijen Shrestha, Pramod Kumar Shrestha, Tanuj Kanchan, Kewal Krishan
More than a year has passed since the mega quake hit Nepal. Although a lot is written about the lacunae in disaster preparedness, lessons learnt, and public health concerns after the aftermath, nothing much has been written about the fate of the deceased. Although saving takes priority after a disaster, the management of dead bodies also requires immediate attention because the process of identification becomes more difficult and expensive as time passes. This article shares the firsthand experiences of forensic experts at ground zero during the quake that may be useful to forensic experts responsible for handling such situations worldwide...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816541/pharmacy-services-after-a-tank-car-derailment-and-toxic-chemical-release-in-blount-county-tennessee
#18
Heath Ford, Shane Trent, Stephen Wickizer
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of an accidental release of volatilized acrylonitrile on pharmacy services in Blount County, Tennessee. METHODS: A paper questionnaire was mailed to all pharmacies located in Blount County, Tennessee. The questionnaire assessed 5 domains relevant to pharmacy services after the derailment disaster: (1) disaster preparedness, (2) disaster response, (3) disaster information source awareness, (4) Pharmacy Practice Act amendment preference, and (5) pharmacy impact...
November 2, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814450/assessing-disaster-preparedness-and-mental-health-of-community-members-in-aceh-indonesia-a-community-based-descriptive-household-survey-of-a-national-program
#19
Nizam Ismail, Nawarat Suwannapong, Nopporn Howteerakul, Mathuros Tipayamongkholgul, Suporn Apinuntavech
INTRODUCTON: Disaster preparedness of the community is an essential disaster-mitigation strategy to protect human life and to prevent injuries and property damage. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of disaster, and the disaster preparedness of community members in Aceh, Indonesia. METHODS: A community-based descriptive household survey was conducted in 40 villages of three tsunami-affected districts in Aceh State, Indonesia. In total, 827 randomly selected community members were interviewed with structured questionnaires during the period September-October 2014...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809947/emergency-preparedness-safety-climate-and-other-factors-associated-with-mental-health-outcomes-among-world-trade-center-disaster-evacuees
#20
Martin F Sherman, Robyn R Gershon, Halley E M Riley, Qi Zhi, Lori A Magda, Mark Peyrot
OBJECTIVE: We examined psychological outcomes in a sample of participants who evacuated from the World Trade Center towers on September 11, 2011. This study aimed to identify risk factors for psychological injury that might be amenable to change, thereby reducing adverse impacts associated with emergency high-rise evacuation. METHODS: We used data from a cross-sectional survey conducted 2 years after the attacks to classify 789 evacuees into 3 self-reported psychological outcome categories: long-term psychological disorder diagnosed by a physician, short-term psychological disorder and/or memory problems, and no known psychological disorder...
November 4, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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