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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336760/cancer-frequency-in-retrosternal-goiter
#1
Nuri A Sahbaz, Firat Tutal, Nihat Aksakal, Sami Acar, Kadir I Aksu, Umut Barbaros, Yesim Erbil
Retrosternal goiter prevalence is 5 to 40 per cent according to classifications in goiter series. Goiters with mediastinal extension were reported to be related with higher cancer rates. In our study, we aimed to investigate whether cancer incidence increased in retrosternal goiters compared with the cervical ones. Three hundred and ninety consecutive patients, who had surgery because of retrosternal goiter in Istanbul University Medical Faculty Department of General Surgery between 2005 and 2015 were included in the study (Group 1)...
December 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334660/global-proteomic-analysis-of-water-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-saliva-at-different-stages-of-estrous-cycle-using-high-throughput-mass-spectrometry
#2
N G Shashikumar, R K Baithalu, S Bathla, S A Ali, P Rawat, A Kumaresan, S Kumar, B R Maharana, G Singh, D S Puneeth Kumar, S K Singh, S S Lathwal, L Jaiswal, T K Mohanty, A K Mohanty
Accurate and efficient detection of estrus is one of the major constraints for exploitation of the production potential of buffalo owing to its poor manifestation of estrus signs, seasonal differences in expression and higher incidences of silent estrus (29%). The current study focused on identification of estrus specific candidate proteins in saliva of buffaloes. Estrus was detected based on behavioral signs in response to the teaser and changes in reproductive organs and confirmed by per-rectal examination, trans-rectal USG of reproductive organs, cervico-vaginal mucus characteristics and blood serum progesterone estimation...
January 9, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331343/irradiation-stents-vs-conventional-metal-stents-for-unresectable-malignant-biliary-obstruction-a-multicentre-trial
#3
Hai-Dong Zhu, Jin-He Guo, Ming Huang, Jian-Song Ji, Hao Xu, Jian Lu, Hai-Liang Li, Wen-Hui Wang, Yu-Liang Li, Cai-Fang Ni, Hai-Bin Shi, En-Hua Xiao, Wei-Fu Lv, Jun-Hui Sun, Ke Xu, Guo-Hong Han, Lin-An Du, Wei-Xin Ren, Mao-Quan Li, Ai-Wu Mao, Hua Xiang, Kai-Xian Zhang, Jie Min, Guang-Yu Zhu, Chang Su, Li Chen, Gao-Jun Teng
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Placement of an irradiation stent has been demonstrated to offer longer patency and survival when compared to an uncovered SEMS in patients with unresectable malignant biliary obstruction (MBO). We aim to further assess the efficacy of an irradiation stent compared to an uncovered SEMS in those patients. METHODS: We performed a randomized, open-label trial of participants with unresectable MBO at 20 centers in China. A total of 328 participants were parallelly allocated into the irradiation stent group (ISG) or the uncovered SEMS group (USG)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330689/the-efficiency-of-acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-arfi-elastography-in-the-diagnosis-and-staging-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#4
Harun Arslan, Alpaslan Yavuz, Ferda İlgen, Abdurrahman Aycan, Mesut Ozgokce, Hüseyin Akdeniz, Abdussamet Batur
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to quantify the stiffness of the median nerve (MN) at the carpal tunnel inlet by acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography and to evaluate whether ARFI can be used in diagnosis and staging of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS: Sonographic examinations of 96 wrists in 50 patients were included in the study. The cross-sectional area and stiffness of the MN were quantitatively measured by B-mode ultrasonography (USG) and ARFI...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311318/freshwater-salinization-syndrome-on-a-continental-scale
#5
Sujay S Kaushal, Gene E Likens, Michael L Pace, Ryan M Utz, Shahan Haq, Julia Gorman, Melissa Grese
Salt pollution and human-accelerated weathering are shifting the chemical composition of major ions in fresh water and increasing salinization and alkalinization across North America. We propose a concept, the freshwater salinization syndrome, which links salinization and alkalinization processes. This syndrome manifests as concurrent trends in specific conductance, pH, alkalinity, and base cations. Although individual trends can vary in strength, changes in salinization and alkalinization have affected 37% and 90%, respectively, of the drainage area of the contiguous United States over the past century...
January 8, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291462/analysis-of-performance-and-stress-caused-by-a-simulation-of-a-mass-casualty-incident
#6
Antonio Nieto Fernández-Pacheco, Rafael Castro Delgado, Pedro Arcos González, José Luis Navarro Fernández, José Joaquín Cerón Madrigal, Laura Juguera Rodriguez, Nuria Perez Alonso, David Armero-Barranco, María Lidon López Iborra, Escribano Tortosa Damian, Manuel Pardo Rios
OBJECTIVE: To determine the stress that is potentially produced in professional health workers due to a mass casualty incident (MCI) simulated exercise, and its relation to prior academic training and the role played in the simulation. METHODS: Observational study of stress in a MCI. For this work, two MCI drills comprised of 40 victims each were conducted. Two randomized groups of 36 students each were created: Master's Students Group (MSG) and Undergraduate Student Group (USG)...
December 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277553/water-intake-reverses-dehydration-associated-impaired-executive-function-in-healthy-young-women
#7
Nina S Stachenfeld, Cheryl A Leone, E Soibhan Mitchell, Eric Freese, Laura Harkness
INTRODUCTION: Healthy women do not always consume Recommended Daily Levels of fluid intake ad libitum. We hypothesized that 1) women lose≥1.0% BW during daily activities, 2) that mild body water loss impairs memory and executive function, 3) water intake to recommended daily levels will improve cognitive function. METHODS: We tested 12 women (26±5yr, 22.5±2.6kg/m2 BMI). Session 1 was a control (CON) session, during which subjects monitored their food and fluid intake (diary) and activity (Fitbit®)...
December 22, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246433/clinical-utility-of-noninvasive-method-to-measure-specific-gravity-in-the-pediatric-population
#8
Jeanine E Hall, Pauline P Huynh, Ameer P Mody, Vincent J Wang
BACKGROUND: Clinicians rely on any combination of signs and symptoms, clinical scores, or invasive procedures to assess the hydration status in children. Noninvasive tests to evaluate for dehydration in the pediatric population are appealing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study is to assess the utility of measuring specific gravity of tears compared to specific gravity of urine and the clinical assessment of dehydration. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort convenience sample study, in a pediatric emergency department at a tertiary care children's hospital...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241916/etiology-and-management-of-primary-amenorrhoea-a-study-of-102-cases-at-tertiary-centre
#9
Alka Kriplani, Manu Goyal, Garima Kachhawa, Reeta Mahey, Vidushi Kulshrestha
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of etiologic causes of primary amenorrhea in Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed using 102 complete medical records of women with primary amenorrhea who attended the Gynaecologic Endocrinology Clinic, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, AIIMS, New Delhi from September 2012 to September 2015. Cases were analysed according to clinical profile, development of secondary sexual characteristics, physical examination, pelvic and rectal examination, X-ray of chest and lumbo-sacral spine, hormone profile, pelvic USG, MRI, and cytogenetic study including karyotype...
December 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239983/effects-of-2-dehydration-on-lactate-concentration-during-constant-load-cycling
#10
J M Green, Miller Bl, J D Simpson, Dubroc Dr, Keyes Aa, Neal Kk, Gann Jj, Andre Tl
The lactate [La] threshold can predict endurance performance potential. Dehydration may alter [La] threshold. This study examined effects of dehydration on [La] response during constant load cycling. Recreationally fit (VO2 peak = 48.7 ± 5.2 ml•kg•min) male participants (n=9) completed 2 x 40 min constant-load cycling trials; euhydrated (HYD) and following previous evening passive (water bath) dehydration (2% body weight, DEH) (HYD and DEH counterbalanced). [La], heart rate (HR), 10 point Omni Ratings of Perceived Exertion (RPE) and rectal temperature (Trec) were measured following warm-up and at 10, 20, 30, and 40 min...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238126/should-venous-doppler-ultrasonography-be-routinely-applied-before-lower-extremity-major-orthopedic-surgery
#11
Hasan Göçer, Ali Kemal Yazici, Ahmet Veysel Polat
Background: Hip-knee arthroplasty and knee arthroscopy (KA) is frequently applied in the orthopaedic surgery. The approach does not exist related with the preoperative asymptomatic deep venous thrombosis (DVT). In this study, the patients who would undergo surgery lower extremity were screened for asymptomatic DVT, using the venous Doppler ultrasonography (USG). Patients and Methods: DVT was screened by venous Doppler USG in the patients who would undergo hip-knee arthroplasty and KA between the dates of November 2013 and September 2015...
January 2017: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222002/impact-of-simulation-based-training-on%C3%A2-radiology-trainee-education-in-ultrasound-guided-breast-biopsies
#12
Ashley A Roark, Lilian O Ebuoma, Tamara Ortiz-Perez, Karla A Sepulveda, Frederick J Severs, Tao Wang, Ana Paula Benveniste, Emily L Sedgwick
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the impact of a simulation-based ultrasound-guided (USG) breast biopsy training session on radiology trainee procedural knowledge, comfort levels, and overall procedural confidence and anxiety. METHODS: Twenty-one diagnostic radiology residents from a single academic institution were recruited to participate in an USG breast biopsy training session. The residents filled out a questionnaire before and after the training session...
December 5, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210954/examining-the-influence-of-exercise-intensity-and-hydration-on-gastrointestinal-temperature-in-collegiate-football-players
#13
Julie K DeMartini-Nolan, Jessica L Martschinske, Douglas J Casa, Rebecca M Lopez, Rebecca L Stearns, Matthew S Ganio, Eric Coris
Debate exists regarding the influence of intensity and hydration on body temperature during American football. The purpose of this study was to observe body core temperature responses with changes in intensity and hydration. Twenty-nine male football players (age=21±1y, height=187±9 cm, mass=110.1±23.5 kg, body mass index (BMI)=31.3±5.0, and body surface area (BSA)=2.34±0.27m2) participated in eight days of practice in a warm environment (WBGT:29.6±1.6°C). Participants were identified as Starters (S;n=12) or Non-Starters (NS;n=17) and Linemen (L;n=14) or Non-Linemen (NL;n=15)...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208870/a-comparative-study-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-transabdominal-ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-and-evaluation-of-uterine-fibroids
#14
M Z Hossain, M M Rahman, M M Ullah, M Mukthadira, F A Akter, A B Jahan, F Jahan
Uterine fibroids often cause symptoms of pelvic pain, pressure, and bleeding and a significant cause of morbidity for women of reproductive age. A new, Food and Drug Administration approved noninvasive treatment option is magnetic resonance guided focused ultrasound surgery, which has the potential to become a treatment of choice for selected patients. The purpose of the study was to compare and evaluate the usefulness of MRI and transabdominal ultrasonography for the diagnosis of uterine fibroids. A cross sectional study was carried out in the department of Radiology & Imaging of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, during the period of January' 2010 to December 2011...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207807/epididymal-cystic-lymphangioma-presenting-as-scrotal-swelling-in-a-post-surgery-case-of-carcinoma-rectum-a-case-report
#15
Mohammad Haroon, Yashmin Nisha, Kashif Iqubal
Cystic lymphangiomas are usually congenital malformations of draining lymphatic channels with most common sites including neck, axilla, mediastinum and retroperitoneum. Occurrence of lymphangiomas in scrotum or inguinal region is a rare entity and epididymal origin of these lesions is even more infrequent. We herein report a case of epididymal lymphangioma detected on USG, which developed after surgical abdominal lymph nodal dissection in an adult patient of carcinoma rectum presenting as painless scrotal swelling...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202353/giant-interparietal-inguinal-hernia-with-undescended-testis-a-rare-case-report
#16
Anil Kumar, Shiv Shankar Paswan, Anita Paswan, Rekha Kumari, Vimal Bhandari
INTRODUCTION: An interparietal inguinal hernia is a rare form of hernia. In this type of hernia, the sac passes between the layers of the abdominal wall of the inguinal canal area. Although its treatment is very simple but pre-operative diagnosis is really a challenging issue. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 62 years old male patient presented with complaint of a large swelling over right lower abdomen with absence of right testes since birth. The lump was measured 26×22cm in size...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201550/dehydration-is-a-strong-predictor-of-long-term-prognosis-of-thrombolysed-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#17
Sha-Sha Li, Ming-Ming Yin, Zhong-He Zhou, Hui-Sheng Chen
Background and Purpose: Dehydration was found to be involved in the poor prognosis of patients with acute ischemic stroke. It is unclear whether dehydration status before onset is related with prognosis of thrombolysed patients with acute ischemic stroke. If it is the case, quickly hydrating may improve the prognosis. The present study was designed to explore the issue. Methods: Eligible 294 patients with acute ischemic stroke after thrombolysis were enrolled in the present study according to inclusion/exclusion criteria...
November 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199401/factors-associated-with-postoperative-diabetes-insipidus-after-pituitary-surgery
#18
Antonio L Faltado, Anna Angelica Macalalad-Josue, Ralph Jason S Li, John Paul M Quisumbing, Marc Gregory Y Yu, Cecilia A Jimeno
BACKGROUND: Determining risk factors for diabetes insipidus (DI) after pituitary surgery is important in improving patient care. Our objective is to determine the factors associated with DI after pituitary surgery. METHODS: We reviewed records of patients who underwent pituitary surgery from 2011 to 2015 at Philippine General Hospital. Patients with preoperative DI were excluded. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed and a predictive model was generated...
November 21, 2017: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182412/the-effect-of-water-loading-on-acute-weight-loss-following-fluid-restriction-in-combat-sports-athletes
#19
Reid Reale, Gary Slater, Ian C Dunican, Gregory R Cox, Louise M Burke
Novel methods of acute weight loss practiced by combat sport athletes include 'water loading’; the consumption of large fluid volumes for several days prior to restriction. We examined claims this technique increases total body water losses, while also assessing the risk of hyponatremia. Male athletes were separated into control (CON, n=10) and water loading (WL, n=11) groups and fed a standardised energy-matched diet for 6 days. Day 1-3 fluid intake was 40 mL·kg-1 and 100 mL·kg-1 for CON and WL, respectively with both groups consuming 15 mL·kg-1on Day 4 and following the same rehydration protocol on Days 5-6...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181040/is-there-a-determining-factor-that-predicts-mortality-in-patients-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#20
Tansel Gunendi, Basak Erginel, Ercan Bastu, Ibrahim Kalelioglu, Recep Has, Feryal Gun Soysal, Erbug Keskin, Aladdin Celik, Tansu Salman
Aim: This study was designed to investigate the factors affecting the prognosis in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) who were treated in our clinic. These factors included prenatal lung-head ratio (LHR), prenatal stomach and liver presence in the thorax, blood gases in the first 24 h and the modified ventilation index (MVI). Material and methods: The study was carried out retrospectively in 30 neonates with prenatally diagnosed left CDH who were treated in our clinic between January 2007 and 2013...
September 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
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