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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166762/a-portable-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-system-for-the-pancreas-with-3d-electronic-steering-a-preclinical-study-in-a-swine-model
#1
Won Chang, Jae Young Lee, Jae Hwan Lee, Jae Seok Bae, Yeon Jin Cho, Kook Jin Kang, Keonho Son, Yul Ri Chung, Kyoung Bun Lee, Joon Koo Han
Purpose: The aim of this animal study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of a portable, ultrasonography-guided, high-intensity focused ultrasound (USg-HIFU) system to treat the pancreas. Methods: Eight swine were included. Using a portable HIFU device (ALPIUS 900, Alpinion Medical Systems), ablations were performed on the pancreas in vivo. Different acoustic intensities were applied (1.7 kW/cm2 or 1.5 kW/cm2 , n=2 [group A for a pilot study]; 1.5 kW/ cm2 , n=3 [group B]; and 1...
October 13, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156853/the-importance-of-routine-bedside-biliary-ultrasonography-in-the-management-of-patients-admitted-to-the-emergency-department-with-isolated-acute-epigastric-pain
#2
Vermi Değerli, Tanzer Korkmaz, Hülya Mollamehmetoğlu, Cem Ertan
Background/aim: The aim of our study was to emphasize the importance of routine bedside biliary ultrasonography (USG) for the differential diagnosis of biliary tract disorders in patients admitted with acute isolated epigastric pain. Materials and methods: Adult patients who were admitted to the emergency department with acute isolated epigastric pain were included in the study. Emergency residents (ERs) were asked whether they planned to perform biliary USG during the initial evaluation and following diagnosis/treatment (secondary evaluation) of these patients...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148955/experience-of-tubo-ovarian-abscess-a-retrospective-clinical-analysis-of-318-patients-in-a-single-tertiary-center-in-middle-turkey
#3
Zeynep Ozturk Inal, Hasan Ali Inal, Umit Gorkem
BACKGROUND: The objective was to identify the clinical and laboratory parameters, ultrasonographic (USG) morphology, and to predict surgical treatment for patients with tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data for a total of 318 patients with a diagnosis of TOA between January 2005 and December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively at a referral center in Turkey. Patients requiring surgical treatment were compared with those who did not with respect to demographic characteristics and clinical, USG, and laboratory findings...
November 17, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148427/urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-bladder-in-pediatric-patient-four-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Murat Uçar, Metin Demirkaya, Berna Aytaç Vuruşkan, Emin Balkan, Nizamettin Kılıç
BACKGROUND: Urothelial carcinoma (UC) of bladder is a rare condition in children. Majority of the cases are non-invasive and low grade in this age group. However, there is no follow-up protocol defined for this patient group. The objective of this study is to draw attention to childhood bladder tumors and focus on current recommendations for postoperative follow-up together with our experience with four cases. CASE REPORT: A total of 4 cases aged under the age of 18, who were treated in our clinics between 2001 and 2015 with the diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma were retrospectively evaluated...
November 17, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140134/a-nutrition-recovery-station-following-recreational-exercise-improves-fruit-consumption-but-does-not-influence-fluid-recovery
#5
Ben Desbrow, Katelyn Barnes, Caroline Young, Gregory R Cox, Chris Irwin
Immediate post-exercise access to fruit/fluid via a recovery "station" is a common feature of mass participation sporting events. Yet little evidence exists examining their impact on subsequent dietary intake. The aim of this study was to determine if access to fruit/water/sports drinks within a recovery station significantly alters dietary and fluid intakes in the immediate post-exercise period and influences hydration status the next morning. 127 (79 males) healthy participants (mean±SD, age=22.5±3.5y, body mass (BM)=73±13kg) completed two self-paced morning 10km runs separated by 1 week...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138743/renal-adenocarcinoma-associated-erythrocytosis-in-a-cat-clinicopathological-features-and-immunohistochemical-results
#6
Roberta Troia, Chiara Agnoli, Federico Fracassi, Giuliano Bettini, Alessandra Sfacteria, Luciano Pisoni, Francesco Dondi
This report documents a case of secondary inappropriate erythrocytosis in a cat with renal cell adenocarcinoma, its stabilization through manual erythrocytapheresis, and the EPO-immunostaining on the affected kidney. An 11-year-old cat was presented with lethargy, weight loss and polyuria/polydipsia. An abdominal mass was detected upon physical examination. Clinicopathological work-up revealed marked erythrocytosis (HCT value 64.8%), renal azotemia and decreased urine specific gravity (USG). An abdominal ultrasound was performed, localizing the mass in the right kidney...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133645/retinal-shortening-ultrasonic-evaluation-of-proliferative-vitreoretinopathy
#7
Brijesh Takkar, Shreyas Temkar, Nripen Gaur, Pradeep Venkatesh, Rohan Chawla, Atul Kumar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of extraretinal proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) on retinal shortening in eyes with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD) using ultrasound (USG) and objectively prove the presence of intraretinal PVR (iPVR). METHODS: This is a double-masked pilot prospective controlled case series. Patients with total RD planned for vitreoretinal surgery were included in the study. USG was used to determine retinal-to-choroidal length ratios (RCRs) in all the quadrants...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131928/n-and-o-isotope-%C3%AE-15-n-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-15-n-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-18-o-%C3%AE-17-o-analyses-of-dissolved-no3-and-no2-by-the-cd-azide-reduction-method-and-n2-o-laser-spectrometry
#8
Leonard I Wassenaar, Cedric Douence, Mark Altabet, Pradeep Aggarwal
RATIONALE: The nitrogen and oxygen (δ(15) N, δ(18) O, δ(17) O) isotopic compositions of NO3(-) and NO2(-) are important tracers of nutrient dynamics in soil, rain, groundwater and the oceans. The Cd-azide method was used to convert NO3 or NO2 to N2 O for N and triple-O isotopic analyses by N2 O-laser spectrometry. A protocol for laser-based headspace isotope analyses was compared with isotope-ratio mass spectrometry. Lasers provide the ability to directly measure (17) O anomalies which can help discern atmospheric N sources...
November 13, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131397/a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-multicenter-prospective-randomized-study-of-beraprost-sodium-treatment-for-cats-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
M Takenaka, A Iio, R Sato, T Sakamoto, H Kurumatani
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common progressive and irreversible disease in cats. The efficacy and safety of beraprost sodium (BPS) in cats with CKD have not been evaluated. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of BPS in the treatment of cats with CKD, as compared to placebo. ANIMALS: Seventy-four client-owned cats with naturally occurring CKD. METHODS: Double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter, prospective, randomized trial...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117819/role-of-ultrasound-in-confirmation-of-endotracheal-tube-in-neonates-a-review
#10
Deepak Sharma, Seyyed Ahmad Tabatabaii, Nazanin Farahbakhsh
Tracheal intubation is a commonly done procedure in neonatal intensive care unit and delivery room during resuscitation. The confirmation of endotracheal tube (ETT) position should be done quickly as tube malposition is associated with various serious adverse outcomes like hypoxemia, right upper lobe collapse, atelectasis, air leak syndromes and esophageal intubation. ETT position can be confirmed by various methods like clinical sign, chest radiography, capnography, external digital tracheal palpation, ultrasonography (USG), respiratory function monitor, video-laryngoscope and fiberoptic devices...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115656/endoscopic-drainage-and-cystoduodedonstomy-in-a-child-with-pancreatic-pseudocyst
#11
Ufuk Ateş, Gönül Küçük, Kubilay Çınar, Berktuğ Bahadır, Mehmet Bektaş, Gülnur Göllü, Meltem Bingöl Koloğlu
An 11-year-old morbidly obese boy was diagnosed with pancreatic pseudocyst. Following fine needle aspiration, the cyst recurred in 1-month follow-up. Therefore, endoscopic drainage and cystoduodenostomy was performed following endosonography. Control ultrasonography (USG) revealed a completely shrunken cyst. During the 3 years of follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic with no evidence of cyst on computerized tomography scans. Endoscopic drainage and cystoduodenostomy is a minimally invasive, effective, and safe approach in the management of pancreatic pseudocysts in children...
November 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114414/comparison-between-the-two-injection-technique-and-the-four-injection-technique-in-axillary-brachial-plexus-block-with-articaine
#12
Aysun Ertikin, Güldeniz Argun, Mesut Mısırlıoğlu, Murat Aydın, Murat Arıkan, Nihal Kadıoğulları
Objective: In this study, we aimed to compare axillary brachial plexus block using the two-injection and four-injection techniques assisted with ultrasonography (USG) and nerve stimulator in patients operated for carpal tunnel syndrome with articaine. To evaluate which technique is more effective, we compared the onset time, effectiveness, and duration of block procedures, patient satisfaction, adverse effect of the drug, and complication rates of the motor and sensory blocks. Methods: Sixty patients were randomly divided into two groups...
October 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109634/accuracy-of-ultrasound-imaging-versus-manual-palpation-for-locating-the-intervertebral-level
#13
Reshma Ambulkar, Vijaya Patil, Jeson R Doctor, Madhavi Desai, Nitin Shetty, Vandana Agarwal
Background and Aims: Efficacy of epidural analgesia depends on placement of the epidural catheter at the appropriate level. Manual palpation using surface landmarks to identify the desired intervertebral level may not be a reliable method. Ultrasonography (USG) is an alternative technique but requires training and may increase procedure time. The objective of this study was to compare the accuracy of ultrasound (US) imaging with manual palpation for locating the intervertebral level. Material and Methods: We included postoperative adult patients without an epidural catheter who were scheduled to have a chest radiograph in the recovery room...
July 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089697/selective-non-operative-management-of-patients-with-abdominal-trauma-is-cect-scan-mandatory
#14
Sunil Kumar, Puneet Prakash, Mohit Kumar Joshi, Vinita Rathi
CECT scan is considered essential for selective non-operative management (SNOM) of patients with abdominal trauma. However, CECT has its own hazards and limitations. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of selective non-operative management of patients with abdominal trauma without the mandatory use of CECT scan in a prospective study. Patients with peritonitis and ongoing intra-abdominal bleed were excluded. Consenting FAST positive, hemodynamically stable patients with blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma between 18 and 60 years of age were included and admitted for SNOM and detailed ultrasonography of the abdomen (in all) with or without CECT abdomen (selectively)...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076656/cytological-challenges-in-the-diagnosis-of-intrathyroidal-parathyroid-carcinoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
REVIEW
Meera Balakrishnan, Smiley Annie George, Sayed Hashim Rajab, Issam M Francis, Kusum Kapila
Parathyroid carcinoma is an uncommon malignancy and the probability of an intrathyroidal location is low. Fine needle aspirations (FNA) of these presumably "thyroid nodules" can lead to misinterpretation because of the similarities in cytological features of parathyroid and thyroid lesions. Despite limitations, USG guided FNA cytology remains the first line of investigation. We report a case of intrathyroidal parathyroid carcinoma presenting with hypercalcemia and elevated serum parathormone. Cytological findings attributed it to a possible parathyroid lesion and histopathology revealed a parathyroid carcinoma...
October 27, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072206/correlation-of-ultrasonographic-measurements-histopathological-grading-and-clinical-staging-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis
#16
Rashmi Kewal Agarwal, Manjula Hebbale, Amit Mhapuskar, Meenal Tepan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the presence and thickness of submucosal fibrosis in oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) patients ultrasonographically and to correlate these findings with the clinical stage and histological grade of OSMF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty participants (twenty cases and twenty controls) were included in the study. The patients diagnosed clinically as having OSMF and consented for biopsy were included in the cases, and completely healthy individuals with no habit history or oral lesions were included in the control group after matching the body mass index...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063554/best-paper-selection
#17
(no author information available yet)
Lin FP, Pokorny A, Teng C, Dear R, Epstein RJ. Computational prediction of multidisciplinary team decision-making for adjuvant breast cancer drug therapies: a machine learning approach. BMC Cancer 2016 Dec 1;16(1):929 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5131452/ Marco-Ruiz L, Pedrinaci C, Maldonado JA, Panziera L, Chen R, Bellika JG. Publication, discovery and interoperability of Clinical Decision Support Systems: A Linked Data approach. J Biomed Inform 2016 Aug;62:243-64 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S153204641630065X?via%3Dihub McEvoy DS, Sittig DF, Hickman TT, Aaron S, Ai A, Amato M, Bauer DW, Fraser GM, Harper J, Kennemer A, Krall MA, Lehmann CU, Malhotra S, Murphy DR, O'Kelley B, Samal L, Schreiber R, Singh H, Thomas EJ, Vartian CV, Westmorland J, McCoy AB, Wright A...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062624/interactive-online-learning-for-attending-physicians-in-ultrasound-guided-central-venous-catheter-insertion
#18
Sylvain Boet, Calvin Thompson, Michael Y Woo, Debra Pugh, Rakesh Patel, Pavithra Pasupathy, Asad Siddiqui, Ashlee-Ann Pigford, Viren N Naik
Evidence has demonstrated that the use of dynamic ultrasound guidance (USG) for central venous catheter (CVC) significantly decreases attempts, failures, and complication rates. Despite national organizations recommending the use of USG and its increasing availability, USG is used inconsistently and non-uniformly. We sought to determine if an online training module for CVC insertion with ultrasound guidance will improve acquisition and long-term retention of knowledge and skills for attending physicians. Participants were tested for declarative knowledge and skills on a simulator (pre-test) for ultrasound-guided CVC insertion at baseline...
August 22, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057183/a-low-cost-low-skill-model-for-efficient-breast-cancer-screening-in-low-resource-rural-settings-of-a-developing-country
#19
Sachin Khanduri, Mriganki Chaudhary, Tushar Sabharwal, Tarim Usmani, Aakshit Goyal, Shobha Khanduri, Saurav Bhagat, Fahimul Huda, Santosh Yadav, Gaurav Katyal
Objective To suggest a low-cost, easily-operable, non-invasive imaging modality for cancer detection in rural settings. Method A total of 212 cases with palpable breast masses aged 18 - 65 years were enrolled and underwent thorough clinical, mammographic, and ultrasonographic (USG) evaluation. Imaging findings were reported using the American College of Radiology (ACR) Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS®) criteria. The findings were confirmed histopathologically. Data were analyzed using the Chi-square test...
August 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051873/median-nerve-entrapment-after-elbow-dislocation-and-the-role-of-ultrasonography-a-case-report
#20
Vivek Dubey, Ali Saify, Ashwin Samant, Sunil Shahane
INTRODUCTION: Median nerve entrapment in the cases of posterior dislocation of elbow is a rare entity. The diagnosis is usually delayed. We describe here a case of median nerve entrapment in the posteromedial dislocation of elbow in a 10-year-old male child and the role of ultrasonography (USG) in localizing the median nerve in the elbow. The nerve release was done by osteotomy of medial epicondyle. USG thus proved to be a useful tool in the management of nerve injury. CASE REPORT: The authors present here a case of 10-year-old child with a history of dislocation of right elbow that was reduced elsewhere and the child presented to us with stiffness and restriction of movements at the elbow with the features of high median nerve injury...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
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