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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331766/evaluation-of-breast-cancer-risk-levels-and-its-relation-with-breast-self-examination-practices-in-women
#1
Ruhuşen Kutlu, Ümmiye Biçer
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to determine the breast cancer risk levels and its relation with the frequency of breast self-examination practices in women who were 20 years old and over. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted on 867 women, who were 20 years old and over presenting to a family medicine outpatient clinic for any reasons. The participants filled in the "Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Form" which is recommended to assess the risk of breast cancer by the Ministry of Health...
January 2017: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331753/retrospective-analysis-of-women-with-only-mastalgia
#2
Mehmet Arslan, Halime Seda Küçükerdem, Hüseyin Can, Ercüment Tarcan
OBJECTIVE: Mastalgia is the most common symptom in women, who has gone under breast imaging. 70% of women face with mastalgia at least once in their lifetime. In our study, we aimed to investigate the examinations and the results of the females referred to our outpatient clinics with mastalgia and to determine the frequency of malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Files of all women patients referred to General Surgery Outpatient Clinics between 01.06.2014-31.05.2015 has been investigated retrospectively...
October 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326895/single-session-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-treatment-in-large-sized-benign-thyroid-nodules
#3
Brian Hung-Hin Lang, Yu-Cho Woo, Keith Wan-Hang Chiu
BACKGROUND: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a new promising thermal ablation technique for treating benign thyroid nodules, but its effectiveness in larger-sized nodules has been less well described. The present study aimed to evaluate the treatment efficacy (i.e., extent of shrinkage at six months) of large-sized benign thyroid nodules by ultrasound (USG)-guided HIFU ablation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After ethics approval, all consecutive patients who underwent HIFU ablation of a symptomatic benign thyroid nodule with six or more months of follow-up were analyzed...
March 22, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314075/expert-views-on-biological-threat-characterization-for-the-u-s-government-a-delphi-study
#4
Crystal R Watson, Matthew C Watson, Gary Ackerman, Gigi Kwik Gronvall
Biological threat characterization (BTC) involves laboratory research conducted for the purpose of biological defense. BTC research is important for improving biological risk assessment and informing resource prioritization. However, there are also risks involved in BTC work, including potential for escape from the laboratory or the misuse of research results. Using a modified Delphi study to gather opinions from U.S. experts in biosecurity and biodefense, this analysis explores what principles and safeguards can maximize the benefits of BTC research and ensure that it is conducted safely and securely...
March 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299264/clinical-outcome-of-surgical-treatment-of-t1-2-n0-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-oral-tongue-with-observation-for-the-neck-analysis-of-176-cases
#5
Arsheed Hussain Hakeem, Sultan Ahmed Pradhan, Rajan Kannan, Jagadish Tubachi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze various demographic, clinical, and histopathologic factors in T1-2 N0 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral tongue to define a high-risk group for regional recurrence that will benefit from elective neck dissection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective outcome analysis of a patient cohort without palpable or ultrasound (USG) detectable nodal metastases undergoing per oral wide glossectomy for T1-2 N0 SCC of oral tongue. Patients were followed up using palpation and serial USG neck and fine-needle aspiration cytology...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298947/glomus-vagale-tumour-can-it-be-diagnosed-only-on-sonography
#6
Shuchi Bhatt, Pooja Verma, Neha Meena, Anupama Tandon, Nadeem Tanveer, Divya Bansal
Vagal paragangliomas are rare benign tumors accounting for only 3% of head and neck paragangliomas and arise from vagal ganglions, predominately the nodose ganglion in the carotid sheath. Imaging plays an important role in their diagnosis, differentiation from more common lesions presenting in the carotid space, and management. MRI is the method of choice for investigation when paragangliomas are clinically suspected. The typical salt-and-pepper appearance in T1-weighted images is well known but not specific to paragangliomas...
March 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276099/a-longitudinal-study-on-the-acceptance-and-effects-of-a-therapeutic-renal-food-in-pet-dogs-with-iris-stage-1-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
J A Hall, D A Fritsch, M Yerramilli, E Obare, M Yerramilli, D E Jewell
Currently, nutritional management is recommended when serum creatinine (Cr) exceeds 1.4 mg/dl in dogs with IRIS-Stage 2 chronic kidney disease (CKD) to slow progressive loss of kidney function, reduce clinical and biochemical consequences of CKD, and maintain adequate nutrition. It is unknown if dietary interventions benefit non-azotemic dogs at earlier stages. A prospective 12-month feeding trial was performed in client-owned dogs with IRIS-Stage 1 CKD (n = 36; 20 had persistently dilute urine with urine specific gravity (USG) <1...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274020/role-of-cross-sectional-imaging-in-isolated-chest-wall-tuberculosis
#8
Deb Kumar Boruah, Shantiranjan Sanyal, Barun K Sharma, Arjun Prakash, Dhabal D Dhingani, Karobi Bora
INTRODUCTION: Isolated chest wall tuberculosis though a rare entity, the incidence of it has been on rise among immunocompromised population making it an important challenging diagnosis for the physicians. Its clinical presentation may resemble pyogenic chest wall abscess or chest wall soft tissue tumour. Sometimes it is difficult to detect clinically or on plain radiograph. AIM: The present study was conducted with an aim to evaluate the common sites and varying appearances of isolated chest wall tuberculosis...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272064/inter-and-intra-observer-variability-of-ultrasonographic-arm-muscle-thickness-measurement-by-critical-care-physicians
#9
V Hadda, R Kumar, A Dhungana, M A Khan, K Madan, G C Khilnani
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess inter- and intra-observer variability of arm muscle thickness measured by critical care physicians using bedside ultrasonography (USG). METHODOLOGY: This prospective study included twenty patients admitted with sepsis. Three measurements of thickness of right arm muscles of each patient using B-mode USG were taken by two critical care fellows, independently. Intra- and inter-observer reliability was tested using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC)...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258434/usg-guided-injection-of-corticosteroid-for-lateral-epicondylitis-does-not-improve-clinical-outcomes-a-prospective-randomised-study
#10
Deniz Gulabi, Mehmet Ali Uysal, Ahmet Akça, Ilker Colak, Gultekin Sıtkı Çeçen, Seyitali Gumustas
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroid injection used to be the treatment of choice for lateral epicondylitis. Most injections are performed blindly. In the blinded technique, it could be difficult to determine the exact pathological localisation. The purpose of this single-blinded, randomised controlled clinical study was to compare the clinical therapeutic effects of blinded and USG-guided corticosteroid injection therapy in lateral epicondylitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis were included in this clinical trial...
March 4, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239589/thyroglossal-duct-cysts-a-clinicosurgical-experience
#11
Suhail Amin Patigaroo, Nisar Hussain Dar, Aleena Shafi Jallu, Rauf Ahmad
Thyroglossal cyst is the most common congenital neck mass and occurs in 7% of the population. They occur due to failure of thyroglossal duct to involute and atrophy thyroglossal duct cysts often occur in pediatric patients. Majority of them are found infrahyoid region. The purpose of the present study is to report our 5 year clinical experience of thyroglossal cysts in terms of clinical features and surgical findings with special emphasis on naked eye extend of patent thyroglossal duct when present. To the best of our knowledge this is first clinical study which has reported the extend of thyroglossal duct on naked eye...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216908/role-of-progenitor-cell-producing-normal-vagina-by-metaplasia-in-laparoscopic-peritoneal-vaginoplasty
#12
Pravin N Mhatre, Hemraj R Narkhede, P Amol Pawar, P Jyoti Mhatre, Das Dhanjit Kumar
CONTEXT: Host of vaginoplasty techniques have been described. None has been successful in developing normal vagina. Laparoscopic peritoneal vaginoplasty (LPV) is performed in Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (MRKHS) culminating in normal vagina. AIMS: This study aims to confirm normal development of neovagina by anatomical and functional parameters of histology, cytology, and ultrasonography (USG) in LPV. To identify peritoneal progenitor cell by OCT4/SOX2 markers...
October 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208933/a-rare-case-report-of-hepatic-subcapsular-pseudocyst-of-pancreas
#13
Noor Topno, Sandeep Ghosh, Arup Baruah
A pancreatic pseudocyst arises as a result of acute or chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic trauma, or obstruction of the pancreatic duct by a neoplasm. Most of the pseudocysts are located within the head and the body of the pancreas but 20% are extra-pancreatic. We report a case of a 33-year-old gentleman presenting with acute on chronic alcoholic pancreatitis with hepatic sub-capsular pseudocyst involving left lobe of liver, with intra-cystic bleed was successfully treated with Ultrasonography (USG) guided drainage...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194694/thyroid-status-of-iodine-deficient-newborn-infants-living-in-central-region-of-turkey-a-pilot-study
#14
Osman Bastug, Levent Korkmaz, Hulya Halis, Seyma Memur, Sabriye Korkut, Ahmet Ozdemir, Tamer Gunes, Mehmet Adnan Ozturk, Selim Kurtoglu
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency (ID) during the fetal and neonatal periods can lead to neonatal hypothyroidism. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of ID on the thyroid hormone level of newborns living in Turkey. METHODS: Between 1998 and 2013, 71 newborns with a urinary iodine concentration <100 μg/L were recruited into the study. Data on thyroid volume, free triiodothyronine (fT3), free thyroxine (fT4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), and thyroglobulin (Tg) were collected from all newborns, and on breast milk iodine from their mothers...
February 14, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192858/deep-and-superficial-circumflex-iliac-arteries-and-their-relationship-to-the-ultrasound-guided-femoral-nerve-block-procedure-a-cadaver-study
#15
Keiko Ogami, Hiroaki Murata, Akiko Sakai, Shuntaro Sato, Kazunobu Saiki, Keishi Okamoto, Yoshitaka Manabe, Tetsuya Hara, Toshiyuki Tsurumoto
The in-plane lateral to medial approach is a standard technique for ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block (USG-FNB). The first bifurcation of the femoral artery, which consists of the deep artery of the thigh (DAT) or occasionally the lateral circumflex femoral artery (LCFA), is regarded as the distal border for this procedure. We sometimes detect arteries along the estimated needle trajectory for USG-FNB. The superficial (SCIA) and deep (DCIA) circumflex iliac arteries run laterally parallel to the inguinal ligament from the femoral or external iliac artery...
April 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192262/intra-operative-ultrasonography-for-definition-of-less-invasive-surgical-technique-in-patients-with-chiari-type-i-malformation
#16
Roger Schmidt Brock, Mario Augusto Taricco, Matheus Fernandes de Oliveira, Marcelo de Lima Oliveira, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Edson Bor-Seng-Shu
INTRODUCTION: Chiari malformation Type I (CM) is the main congenital malformation disease of the craniovertebral junction. The ideal surgical treatment is still controversial. Invasive procedures inside CSF space and associated with dural repair are considered the gold standard, however a less invasive surgery with isolated bone decompression without dural opening may be possible in selected patients.. Our study evaluates the efficacy of intra-operative CSF flow measurement with ultrasonography (USG) as a determining parameter in the selection of these patients...
February 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178121/a-case-report-of-congenital-umbilical-arteriovenous-malformation-complicated-with-liver-failure-after-surgical-excision
#17
Ji-Won Han, Hyun-Young Kim, Sung-Eun Jung
RATIONALE: Few case reports of umbilical arteriovenous malformation (AVM) have been reported. Herein, we report a neonatal case of umbilical AVM who underwent liver failure after surgical excision. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a girl delivered at a gestational age of 39+5 weeks showing cyanosis and heart murmur. DIAGNOSES: Cardiac echography, abdominal ultrasonography (USG), and computed tomography revealed suspecting the umbilical AVM...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168226/does-the-use-of-bedside-ultrasonography-reduce-emergency-department-length-of-stay-for-patients-with-renal-colic-a-pilot-study
#18
Yong Hoon Park, Ru Bi Jung, Young Geun Lee, Chong Kun Hong, Jung-Hwan Ahn, Tae Yong Shin, Young Sik Kim, Young Rock Ha
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of adding bedside ultrasonography to the diagnostic algorithm for nephrolithiasis on emergency department (ED) length of stay. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled pilot study was conducted from October 2014 to December 2014 with patients with acute flank pain. In the non-ultrasonography group (NUSG), non-contrast computed tomography was selected based on clinical features and hematuria in the urinalysis...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154019/mib-1-index-stratified-assessment-of-dual-tracer-pet-ct-with-68-ga-dotatate-and-18-f-fdg-and-multimodality-anatomic-imaging-in-metastatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-of-unknown-primary-in-a-prrt-workup-setting
#19
Nikita Sampathirao, Sandip Basu
Our aim was to comparatively assess dual-tracer PET/CT ((68)Ga-DOTATATE and (18)F-FDG) and multimodality anatomic imaging in studying metastatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of unknown primary (CUP-NETs) scheduled for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy for divergence of tracer uptake on dual-tracer PET/CT, detection of primary, and overall lesion detection vis-a-vis tumor proliferation index (MIB-1/Ki-67). Methods: Fifty-one patients with CUP-NETs (25 men, 26 women; age, 22-74 y), histopathologically proven and thoroughly investigated with conventional imaging modalities (ultrasonography, CT/contrast-enhanced CT, MRI, and endoscopic ultrasound, wherever applicable), were retrospectively analyzed...
March 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149344/prevalence-of-dehydration-before-training-sessions-friendly-and-official-matches-in-elite-female-soccer-players
#20
Mauricio Castro-Sepulveda, Javier Astudillo, Pablo Letelier, Hermann Zbinden-Foncea
This study aimed to evaluate and compare the hydration states prior to different sporting events (training sessions, friendly and official matches) in elite female soccer players and relate that to the importance that the player attached to the hydration state as a determinant of sports performance. The hydration state of 17 female elite soccer players (age: 21.5 ± 3 years; body mass: 62 ± 6 kg; body height: 165 ± 9 cm) was determined by measuring their urine specific gravity (USG) prior to three different sports events: training sessions (PT), friendly (PF) and official (PO) matches...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
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