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Anirban Mukhopadhyay, Pramit Ghosh, Abhra Chanda, Amit Ghosh, Subhajit Ghosh, Shouvik Das, Tuhin Ghosh, Sugata Hazra
Coastal erosion is a natural hazard which causes significant loss to properties as well as coastal habitats. Coastal districts of Mahanadi delta, one of the most populated deltas of the Indian subcontinent, are suffering from the ill effects of coastal erosion. An important amount of assets is being lost every year along with forced migration of huge portions of coastal communities due to erosion. An attempt has been made in this study to predict the future coastline of the Mahanadi Delta based on historical trends...
May 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Eric Kyle O'Neal, Samantha Louise Johnson, Brett Alan Davis, Veronika Pribyslavska, Mary Caitlin Stevenson-Wilcoxson
The legitimacy of urine specific gravity (USG) as a standalone measure to detect hydration status has recently been challenged. As an alternative to hydration status, the purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic capability of using the traditional USG marker of >1.020 to detect insufficient recovery fluid consumption with consideration for moderate versus high sweat losses (2.00-2.99 or > 3% body mass respectively). Adequate recovery fluid intake (ARFI) was operationally defined as ≥100% beverage fluid intake plus food water from 1 or 2 meals and a snack...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Ashish Lal Shrestha, Pradita Shrestha
Objective: To study the patient profile for symptomatic peripheral lymphadenopathy in terms of histopathological findings and demography and evaluate the yield, relevance, and outcomes of peripheral lymph node biopsy (PLNB) as a diagnostic step in a remote setup in the absence of less invasive options like fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) or ultrasonogram- (USG-) guided FNAC. Methods: A retrospective review of patients undergoing PLNB between 1 May 2011 and 30 April 2013 was done...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
Damir Zubac, Reid Reale, Hrvoje Karnincic, Anamaria Sivric, Igor Jelaska
Urine specific gravity (USG ) is the most commonly reported biochemical marker used in research and applied settings to detect fluid deficits in athletes, including those participating in combat sports. Despite the popularity of its use, there has been a growing debate regarding the diagnostic accuracy and the applicability of USG in characterizing whole-body fluid status and fluctuations. Moreover, recent investigations report universally high prevalence of hypohydration (∼90%) via USG assessment in combat sport athletes, often in spite of stable body-mass...
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Burhan Dost, Gülbin Yalçın Sezen, Abdulkadir İskender, Onur Özlü
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block guided with ultrasound (USG) and local anesthetic infiltration (LAI) in terms of the intraoperative and postoperative analgesia efficiency, intraoperative opioid need, and side effects in cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: A total of 75 patients classified as American Society of Anesthesiologists class I or II were included in this randomized, controlled, prospective study and divided into 3 groups...
April 2018: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
Guru Prasad Painuly, Ankur Gupta, Mini Singhal, Bhavna Bansal
Gall bladder duplication is a rare congenital anomaly. True duplication is still rarer. Pre-operative detection helps in avoiding complications or missing the gall bladder during surgery. Ultrasonography (USG) and magnetic resonance cholangiography are investigation of choice. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the preferred modality for management of double gall bladder. We present a case diagnosed as cholelithiasis on USG. While doing laparoscopic surgery 2 gall bladders were found. She had a normal gall bladder that was lying in the supraduodenal area...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Nidhi Gupta, Aruna Nigam, Reva Tripathi, Arpita De
Unilateral adnexal agenesis is a rare entity. Most of these cases are reported in reproductive age group. A case of a 10-year-old premenarchal girl is reported who presented with acute abdominal pain and vomiting. BothUltrasonography (USG) and MRI suggested right ovarian mass with torsion. Laparoscopic evaluation revealed an enlarged right ovary with torsion and contralateral agenesis of uterine tube and left ovary. Detortion of the ovary and an ovarian fixation to the ovarian pedicle was done. This is the first reported case of a premenarchal girl presenting with an acute abdomen due to adnexal torsion along with contralateral tubo-ovarian agenesis...
May 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Nathaniel E Ostrom, Hasand Gandhi, Tyler B Coplen, Sakae Toyoda, J K Böhlke, Willi A Brand, Karen L Casciotti, Jens Dyckmans, Anette Giesemann, Joachim Mohn, Reinhard Well, Longfei Yu, Naohiro Yoshida
RATIONALE: Despite a long history and growing interest in isotopic analyses of N2 O, there is a lack of isotopically characterized N2 O isotopic reference materials (standards) to enable normalization and reporting of isotope-delta values. Here we report the isotopic characterization of two pure N2 O gas reference materials, USGS51 and USGS52, which are now available for laboratory calibration ( METHODS: A total of 400 sealed borosilicate glass tubes of each N2 O reference gas were prepared from a single gas filling of a high vacuum line...
May 4, 2018: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Ilka Wallis, Thomas Pichler
Groundwater monitoring relies on the acquisition of 'representative' groundwater samples, which should reflect the ambient water quality at a given location. However, drilling of a monitoring well for sample acquisition has the potential to perturb groundwater conditions to a point that may prove to be detrimental to the monitoring objective. Following installation of 20 monitoring wells in close geographic proximity in central Florida, opposing concentration trends for As and Mo were observed. In the first year after well installation As and Mo concentrations increased in some wells by a factor of 2, while in others As and Mo concentrations decreased by a factor of up to 100...
August 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Dominika B Majchrzak-Baczmańska, Ewa Głowacka, Miłosz Wilczyński, Andrzej Malinowski
Introduction: The aim of the study was to compare serum concentration of soluble L- and P-selectins in women with ovarian cancer (OC) and healthy controls, and to investigate sL- and sP-selectin levels with regard to clinical and pathological parameters. Correlation analysis was used to measure the following: sL- and sP-selectin concentration and Ca125; sP-selectin and platelet concentrations; and sL-selectin and serum leukocyte levels in women with OC. Material and methods: The study included 29 patients with OC and 23 healthy controls...
March 2018: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
Kirti Kamal, Parul Jain, Teena Bansal, Geeta Ahlawat
Background and Aims: Both transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block and combined ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric (IIN/IHN) blocks are used routinely under ultrasound (USG) guidance for postoperative pain relief in patients undergoing inguinal hernia surgery. This study compares USG guided TAP Vs IIN/IHN block for post-operative analgesic efficacy in adults undergoing inguinal hernia surgery. Methods: Sixty adults aged 18 to 60 with American Society of Anesthesiologsts' grade I or II were included...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Ranjit Kumar Singh, Sanjib Pattari
This case presentation relates to a 21 year young male, cachectic in appearance, who presented with progressive shortness of breath, and dull pain on the lower part of the chest ongoing over three months. The patient received antitubercular drugs by local physician for suspected tuberculosis with no significant improvement. He was referred to our Respiratory Department for further evaluation of his chest pain and breathlessness. His X-ray showed moderate pleural effusion on the left side which confirmed by USG chest screening which showed multiple septation with thick parietal pleura and USG abdomen was normal...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Adnan Şimşir, Fuat Kızılay, Bülent Semerci
Background/aim: We aimed to compare the success rate of percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) and double J stenting (DJS) in the treatment of symptomatic pregnancy hydronephrosis. Materials and methods: Diagnosis and grading of hydronephrosis were performed by urinary ultrasound (USG) and Doppler mode was used for evaluation of renal arterial resistivity index (RI). Patients were divided into two groups according to the method used for the treatment of hydronephrosis: group A (PCN, n = 38) and group B (DJS, n = 46)...
April 30, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
J D Adams, Catalina Capitan-Jiménez, Robert A Huggins, Douglas J Casa, Andy Mauromoustakos, Stavros A Kavouras
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic ability of urine reagent strips to identify hypohydration based on urine specific gravity (USG). DESIGN: This study examined the agreement of USG between strips and refractometry with Bland-Altman, whereas the diagnostic ability of the strips to assess hypohydration was performed by receiver operating characteristic analysis. SETTING: Arkansas high school football preseason practice. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred fourteen fresh urine samples were analyzed...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Liam Vierboom, Alexandre Darani, Catherine Langusch, Svs Soundappan, Jonathan Karpelowsky
PURPOSE: Ultrasound-guided (USG) percutaneous insertion of tunnelled central venous access devices (CVADs) has been shown to be safe and effective in adults. However, there have been concerns over the safety of this technique in small children. This paper analyses the safety of USG percutaneous CVAD insertion in the pediatric population weighing ten kilograms or less. METHOD: All surgically inserted CVADs for children weighing ten kilograms or less, between January 2010 and December 2015 at the Children's Hospital at Westmead were retrospectively reviewed...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Aybulat Fatkhutdinov, Catalin Stefan
This study demonstrates the utilization of a multi-objective hybrid global/local optimization algorithm for solving managed aquifer recharge (MAR) design problems, in which the decision variables included spatial arrangement of water injection and abstraction wells and time-variant rates of pumping and injection. The objective of the optimization was to maximize the efficiency of the MAR scheme, which includes both quantitative and qualitative aspects. The case study used to demonstrate the capabilities of the proposed approach is based on a published report on designing a real MAR site with defined aquifer properties, chemical groundwater characteristics as well as quality and volumes of injected water...
April 27, 2018: Ground Water
Yilikal Anteneh, Till Stellmacher, Gete Zeleke, Wolde Mekuria, Ephrem Gebremariam
Earlier studies on land change (LC) have focused on size and magnitude, gains and losses, or land transfers between categories. Therefore, these studies have failed to simultaneously show the complete LC processes. This paper examines LCs in the Legedadie-Dire catchments in Oromia State, Ethiopia, using land-category maps with intensity analysis (IA) at three points in time. We comprehensively analyze LC to jointly encompass the rate, intensity, transition, and process. Thirty-meter US Geological Survey (USGS) Landsat imagery from 1986, 2000, and 2015 (< 10% cloud) is processed using TerrSet-LCM and ArcGIS...
April 25, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Pranav K Santhalia, Disha Mittal, Arun K Gupta, Manisha Jana
In infants and young children with suspicion of genitourinary tract anomalies, ultrasonography (USG) is usually the first imaging modality. Advantages of USG are well described. In the evaluation of complex congenital urogenital anomalies, ultrasound examination needs to be tailored according to the clinical suspicion and to yield maximum information. Primary megaureter is a congenital anomaly, which is associated with dilatation of ureter above an adynamic segment at the vesicoureteric junction (VUJ). Two different types are described in the literature: refluxing and obstructive...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Pankaj S Jha, Varsha Rote-Kaginalkar, Prashant Titare, Manoj B Jadhav
Developmental defects of the thyroid gland are very rare. The common developmental abnormalities are ectopic thyroid, hemiagenesis and agenesis of thyroid gland. These developmental defects may or may not be associated with deranged thyroid function tests. Ultrasonography (USG) is the initial modality of choice for thyroid hemiagenesis but further evaluation by computed tomography (CT) scan or nuclear scan should be done to look for ectopic thyroid tissue rest. Here, we report a rare case of a 9-year-old female having hemiagenesis of the right thyroid lobe and isthmus along with dual ectopic thyroid tissue at prehyoid and infrahyoid regions of the neck presenting as a midline neck swelling and subclinical hypothyroidism...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Kate S Early, Conrad P Earnest, Bailey Theall, Nathan P Lemoine, Brian Harrell, Neil M Johannsen
Chronic dehydration (DEH) and heat stress combined with poor cardiovascular (CV) health may influence physiological responses to exercise. We examined the effects of free-living induced hypo-hydration on physiological responses to exercise in a heated environment and whether resting CV health is related to these changes. Participants (N = 16, 20.6 ± 1.2 years) were randomized to 3 days of voluntary fluid restriction (DEH) or intake (hydration [HYD]) followed by an exercise bout. CV health was assessed by flow-mediated dilation (FMD), pulse wave analysis, and heart rate variability (HRV)...
April 2018: Physiological Reports
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