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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431091/suppression-of-oral-sweet-taste-sensation-with-gymnema-sylvestre-affects-postprandial-gastrointestinal-blood-flow-and-gastric-emptying-in-humans
#1
Hideaki Kashima, Kohei Eguchi, Kanae Miyamoto, Masaki Fujimoto, Masako Yamaoka Endo, Nami Aso-Someya, Toshio Kobayashi, Naoyuki Hayashi, Yoshiyuki Fukuba
An oral sweet taste sensation (OSTS) exaggerates digestive activation transiently, but whether it has a role after swallowing a meal is not known. Gymnema sylvestre (GS) can inhibit the OSTS in humans. We explored the effect of the OSTS of glucose intake on gastrointestinal blood flow, gastric emptying, blood-glucose, and plasma-insulin responses during the postprandial phase. Eight participants ingested 200 g (50 g × 4 times) of 15% glucose solution containing 100 mg of 13C-sodium acetate after rinsing with 25 mL of 2...
May 1, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430614/features-and-risk-factors-of-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-a-population-with-high-stroke-incidence-in-china
#2
Yanqiu Zhang, Lingling Bai, Min Shi, Hongyan Lu, Yanan Wu, Jun Tu, Jingxian Ni, Jinghua Wang, Li Cao, Ping Lei, Xianjia Ning
Epidemiological studies have reported associations between traditional cardiovascular risk factors and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) or carotid plaque. However, definite risk factors at different phases of carotid atherosclerosis remain controversial. We aimed to explore risk factors and characteristics of carotid atherosclerosis at different stages in a low-income population with a high incidence of stroke in China. Between April 2014 and January 2015, we recruited 3789 stroke-free and cardiovascular disease-free residents aged ≥ 45 years...
February 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430540/demystifying-orbital-emergencies-a-pictorial-review
#3
Viet D Nguyen, Achint K Singh, Wilson B Altmeyer, Bundhit Tantiwongkosi
Imaging of the orbit plays an important role in the workup of orbital emergencies. Orbital imaging is particularly useful in the emergency department, where clinical history and physical examination may be limited or delayed until the exclusion or treatment of more life-threatening conditions. Cross-sectional orbital imaging with multidetector computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is commonly performed in addition to ultrasonography. In an emergent setting, CT is the preferred modality when evaluating for intraorbital foreign bodies, fractures, or calcifications within a mass lesion...
April 21, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430371/evaluation-of-circulating-zonulin-as-a-potential-marker-in-the-pathogenesis-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#4
Olfat M Hendy, Maha M Elsabaawy, Mona M Aref, Fatma M Khalaf, Abdel Moaty A Oda, Helmy M El Shazly
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a spectrum of liver disorders ranging from simple hepatic steatosis up to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) evolving to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Liver biopsy is still the gold standard modality for diagnosing and staging NAFLD. The linkage between intestinal microbiota and NAFLD, might suggest a potential role of serum zonulin in NAFLD diagnosis. To appraise the role of circulating zonulin in NAFLD pathogenesis, 56 subjects with proved NAFLD by ultrasonography and liver biopsy, as well as 20 healthy controls were tested...
April 21, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429907/seasonal-vitamin-d-and-bone-metabolism-in-women-of-reproductive-age-in-urban-beijing
#5
Liying Yang, Wei Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D and bone metabolism in healthy women of reproductive age. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This study included 100 healthy female residents of Beijing (23-30 years old), who underwent bone ultrasonography as well as testing to evaluate serum25-hydroxy-vitamin D, parathyroid hormone, bone alkaline phosphatase, calcium, sodium, phosphorus, and alkaline phosphatase...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429109/associations-of-maximal-voluntary-isometric-hip-extension-torque-with-muscle-size-of-hamstring-and-gluteus-maximus-and-intra-abdominal-pressure
#6
Kota Tayashiki, Kosuke Hirata, Kiraku Ishida, Hiroaki Kanehisa, Naokazu Miyamoto
PURPOSE: Muscle size of the hamstring and gluteus maximus (GM) as well as intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) are considered as factors affecting the torque development during hip extension. This study examined the associations of torque development during maximal voluntary isometric hip extension with IAP and muscle size of the hamstring and GM. METHODS: Anatomical cross-sectional area (ACSA) of the hamstring and thickness of GM were determined in 20 healthy young males using an ultrasonography apparatus (Experiment 1)...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429089/the-effectiveness-of-prophylactic-modified-neck-dissection-for-reducing-the-development-of-lymph-node-recurrence-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#7
Yasuhiro Ito, Akira Miyauchi, Takumi Kudo, Minoru Kihara, Mitsuhiro Fukushima, Akihiro Miya
AIM: The most frequent recurrence site of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the cervical lymph nodes. The introduction of an electric linear probe for use with ultrasonography in 1996 improved preoperative lateral neck evaluations. Before 2006, however, our hospital routinely performed prophylactic modified neck dissection (p-MND) for N0 or N1a PTCs >1 cm to prevent node recurrence. In 2006, we changed our policy and the indications for p-MND to PTCs >3 cm and/or with significant extrathyroid extension...
April 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429036/a-review-of-zika-virus-infections-in-pregnancy-and-implications-for-antenatal-care-in-singapore
#8
Harvard Zhenjia Lin, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah, Eu Leong Yong, Arijit Biswas, Shiao-Yng Chan
Given the consensus that there is a causal relationship between Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in pregnancy and congenital Zika syndrome (CZS), clinicians must be prepared to manage affected patients despite the numerous gaps in current knowledge. The clinical course in pregnancy appears similar to that in non-pregnant women, although viraemia may be prolonged. ZIKV infection can be diagnosed by serum and urine reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, but commercially available serological tests are currently unreliable in dengue-endemic regions...
April 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428944/the-status-of-assisted-reproductive-technology-in-korea-in-2012
#9
Gyoung Hoon Lee, Hyun Jin Song, Young Min Choi, Hyuck Dong Han
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to report the status of assisted reproductive technology (ART) therapy in South Korea between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2012. METHODS: A localized online survey, originally developed by the International Committee Monitoring Assisted Reproductive Technologies, was first launched and provided to all available ART centers via email in 2015. Fresh embryo transfer (FET) cases were categorized as standard in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), or half-ICSI...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428811/role-of-intraoperative-cholangiography-for-detecting-residual-stones-after-biliary-pancreatitis-still-useful-a-retrospective-study
#10
Abdelrahman Abdelaal, Moamena El-Matbouly, Ibnouf Sulieman, Ahmad Elfaki, Tamer El-Bakary, Sherif Abdelaziem, Salahdin Gehani, Adriana Toro, Isidoro Di Carlo
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) may detect residual stones in the common bile duct (CBD) after acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP). The aim of the present study is to analyze the utility of IOC in detecting residual stones in patients undergoing cholecystectomy for ABP and if complications are related with this procedure. METHODS: Demographic and clinical factors were assessed in patients with mild ABP who underwent IOC during laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428332/education-in-nephrology-fellowship-a-survey-based-needs-assessment
#11
Robert W Rope, Kurtis A Pivert, Mark G Parker, Stephen M Sozio, Sylvia Bereknyei Merell
Educational needs assessments for nephrology fellowship training are limited. This study assessed fellows' perceptions of current educational needs and interest in novel modalities that may improve their educational experience and quantified educational resources used by programs and fellows. We distributed a seven-question electronic survey to all United States-based fellows receiving complimentary American Society of Nephrology (ASN) membership at the end of the 2015-2016 academic year in conjunction with the ASN Nephrology Fellows Survey...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428025/adipokines-as-atherothrombotic-risk-factors-in-obese-subjects-associations-with-haemostatic-markers-and-common-carotid-wall%C3%A2-thickness
#12
É Csongrádi, M Káplár, B Nagy, C A Koch, A Juhász, L Bajnok, Z Varga, I Seres, Z Karányi, M T Magyar, L Oláh, A Facskó, J Kappelmayer, G Paragh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Some crucial associations between obesity-related altered adipokine levels and the main factors of atherosclerotic, atherothrombotic processes are not fully known. We analysed the relationships of classic adipokines, namely leptin, resistin, adiponectin, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6) with the markers of platelet activation, including mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet surface/soluble P-selectin, platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs), the parameters of coagulation abnormalities and common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in obese patients with or without atherosclerotic comorbidities in comparison to age- and sex-matched controls...
March 8, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428000/selected-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-in-antenatal-diagnosis-as-11-14-gestational-weeks
#13
Marek Pietryga, Piotr Dydowicz, Kinga Toboła, Marta Napierała, Izabela Miechowicz, Anna Gąsiorowska, Maciej Brązert, Ewa Florek
The primary objective in modern obstetrics and prenatal diagnosis is to predict risks of congenital abnormalities. The aim of the research was to assess the correlation between selected oxidative stress biomarkers with the risk of foetal chromosomal aberration evaluated at the first trimester screening. A series of studies show that balanced free radical activity and oxidative homeostasis are essential for proper bodily growth and function. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) may be one of the factors associated with disruption of cell cycle and tissue development, thus leading to developmental abnormalities...
April 17, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427416/shoulder-ultrasonography-performed-by-orthopedic-surgeons-increases-efficiency-in-diagnosis-of-rotator-cuff-tears
#14
Chih-Hao Chiu, Poyu Chen, Alvin Chao-Yu Chen, Kuo-Yao Hsu, Shih-Sheng Chang, Yi-Sheng Chan, Yeung-Jen Chen
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are very common and their incidence increases with age. Shoulder ultrasonography has recently gained popularity in detecting rotator cuff tears because of its efficiency, cost-effectiveness, time-saving, and real-time nature of the procedure. Well-trained orthopedic surgeons may utilize shoulder ultrasonography to diagnose rotator cuff tears. The wait time of patients planned to have shoulder MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) to rule in rotator cuff tears may decrease after orthopedic surgeon start doing shoulder ultrasonography as a screening tool for that...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427177/an-endoscopic-ultrasonography-guided-interstitial-brachytherapy-based-special-treatment-planning-system-for-unresectable-pancreatic-cancer
#15
Xiaotian Sun, Zheng Lu, Yijun Wu, Min Min, Yiliang Bi, Wei Shen, Yang Xu, Zhaoshen Li, Zhendong Jin, Yan Liu
EUS-guided interstitial brachytherapy is promising in the treatment of unresectable malignant carcinoma adjacent to the digestive tract. The feasible treatment plan is not established. Thus, our study aimed to develop a novel treatment plan and evaluate the feasibility in patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer. A total of 42 patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer (stage III: n = 18; stage IV: n = 24) were retrospectively included. A special treatment-planning system (TPS) for EUS was designed and evaluated by comparing with the traditional TPS...
February 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426843/understanding-the-risks-and-harms-of-management-of-incidental-thyroid-nodules-a-review
#16
Jenny K Hoang, Xuan V Nguyen
Importance: Incidental thyroid nodules are defined as nodules originally detected in a patient with no thyroid-related clinical symptoms, examination findings, or suspected thyroid disease. Medical imaging for diseases in the neck, chest, and spine is a common source of incidental thyroid nodules. They are easily detected but poorly characterized. The next step is to decide whether the incidental thyroid nodule should be further evaluated with ultrasonography. Observations: Indiscriminate workup of incidental thyroid nodules with ultrasonography is not cost-effective and is potentially harmful...
April 20, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426129/case-review-and-outcomes-of-prenatally-diagnosed-amniotic-sheets
#17
Assaad Kesrouani, Bernard Nasr, Habib Atallah, Samer Maalouf, Elie Chalhoub
The present study recorded a case series of 11 patients diagnosed with amniotic sheets at an outpatient obstetric clinic affiliated to Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon, between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2013. Of these patients, nine were diagnosed during routine obstetric ultrasonography examination and two patients were referred from other centers. All patients included in the case series had singleton pregnancies and the mean length of pregnancy at diagnosis was 17 weeks (range 13-22). This article is protected by copyright...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425258/assessment-of-developmental-and-radiological-long-term-outcomeof-children-with-surgically-treated-midgut-volvulus
#18
Ahmet Murat Çakmak, Özlem Boybeyi Türer, Gülnur Göllü Bahadir, Bilge Türedi, Ufuk Ateş, Adalet Elçin Yildiz, Gönül Küçük, Ömer Suat Fitöz, Betül Ulukol, Mustafa Kemal Aslan, Tutku Soyer, Hüseyin Dindar
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim is to evaluate the long-term outcome of asymptomatic patients who underwent surgical correction for midgut volvulus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven patients managed surgically for midgut volvulus in the last 3 years were included. Demographic features, symptoms at presentation, diagnoses, surgical procedures, and complications were recorded. Patients were then contacted for follow-up and evaluation of long-term outcomes. General physical conditions, anthropometric parameters, feeding habits, and defecation histories were evaluated...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425211/importance-of-cytological-subclassification-of-thyroid-nodules-with-bethesda-category-iii-cytology-aus-flus-into-architectural-atypia-only-and-nuclear-atypia-a-prospective-study
#19
Pedro Weslley Rosario, Maria Regina Calsolari
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare two cytological subcategories of thyroid nodules with Bethesda category III initial cytology. METHODS: This was a prospective study. All patients with thyroid nodules > 1 cm were eligible and 98 patients with category III cytology were selected. Cytology was subcategorized into architectural atypia only (AA, n = 45) and nuclear atypia (NA, n = 53). All patients underwent a second fine-needle aspiration (FNA)...
April 19, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425207/bcg-vaccination-induced-suppurative-lymphadenitis-four-signs-to-pay-attention-to
#20
Sang Oon Baek, Hyo Sun Ko, Hyun Ho Han
Suppurative lymphadenitis is one of the severe complication after BCG vaccination, but its diagnostic criteria and treatment guidelines have not yet been established. In this article, we describe a case of suppurative lymphadenitis caused by BCG vaccination and propose diagnostic criteria and treatment guidelines of the disease. The lymphadenitis was presented as skin involving mass and was completely extirpated. Pathological evaluation revealed a necrotising lymphadenitis, consistent with the diagnosis of BCG lymphadenitis...
April 19, 2017: International Wound Journal
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