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Q-M Wu, Y-N Guo, Y-Q Xu
OBJECTIVE: This aim of this study is to investigate the diagnostic performance of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in pancreatic lesions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with pancreatic lesions after CT (or MRI) and EUS-FNA examination were retrospectively enrolled. Cytopathological diagnosis of pancreas tissue were obtained by surgery or EUS-FNA. Clinical follow-up results were used as golden standard for diagnosis of pancreatic lesions...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Silvana Neves Ferraz de Assunção, Ney Christian Amaral Boa Sorte, Crésio De Aragão Dantas Alves, Patrícia S Almeida Mendes, Carlos Roberto Brites Alves, Luciana Rodrigues Silva
INTRODUCTION: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is characterized by the intrahepatic deposition of fat. It is the most prevalent liver disease in the world, affecting obese children and adolescents. Its pathophysiology is not fully understood, although it is often related to insulin resistance. This in turn would be due to an inflammatory condition common to obesity. Thus, the objective of this study was to describe the behavior of proinflammatory cytokines in obese children and adolescents, with and without non-alcoholic fatty liver disease...
January 16, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Numan Cim, Harun Egemen Tolunay, Baris Boza, Harun Arslan, Can Ates, İbrahim İlik, Fatih Mehmet Tezcan, Recep Yıldızhan, Hanım Guler Sahin, Alpaslan Yavuz
We aimed to evaluate the efficiency of placental elasticity in predicting a placental invasion anomaly with the Virtual Touch Quantification (VTQ) technique. Pregnant women in the third trimester with suspected placental invasion anomaly were enrolled into the research (n = 58). The placenta was evaluated and divided into three equal parts as foetal edge (inner 1/3 of placenta), maternal edge (outer 1/3 of placenta) and the central part (central 1/3 of placenta). Shear wave velocity (SWV) measurements were used in the elastographic evaluation of placentas by VTQ...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Camila Carvalho de Araujo, Suelene A Coelho, Paulo Stahlschmidt, Cassia R T Juliato
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pregnancy and delivery are well-established risk factors for pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD), but the physiopathology, such as the delivery route, is not well understood. This study evaluated the impact of delivery route on the pelvic floor muscles via 3D ultrasound. METHODS: This review is registered in the PROSPERO database. The criteria for inclusion were prospective studies with 3D translabial ultrasound assessment in primigravida women during pregnancy and postpartum published in English, Spanish or Portuguese between 1980 and 2016...
March 21, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Yejin Park, Hyun Jin Lee, Yun Ji Jung, Joon Ho Lee, Ja Young Kwon, Young-Han Kim
Neuroblastoma is the most common pediatric extracranial solid tumor derived from primitive neural crest cells of the sympathetic nervous system. Although one-fifths of all neuroblastomas occurs within the thorax, thoracic neuroblastomas detected in fetus have been rarely reported. We report a case of fetal thoracic neuroblastoma with massive pleural effusion detected with prenatal ultrasonography. A 34-year-old Korean second-gravida was referred to our hospital at 30 weeks of gestation for evaluation, after the right lung mass found in the fetus...
March 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Mohammad Momen Gharibvand, Mehrzad Kazemi, Azim Motamedfar, Mojgan Sametzadeh, Aliakbar Sahraeizadeh
Introduction: Bladder tumors are common and the only way to prove it is cystoscopy which is invasive and expensive. Finding noninvasive, well-accepted, and cost-effective method for early detection of bladder cancer is necessary. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis and evaluation of bladder tumors. Methods: This study was conducted on 75 patients with indications for cystoscopy. After recording demographic data, ultrasound, and cystoscopy was performed for all patients...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Jing Shi, Jialing Zhang, Meng Yin, Qian Wang, Jun Du
There is a large clinical requirement for novel vascular grafts; however, the development of novel vascular grafts has not been extremely successful to date. The most successful method for the continuous evaluation of vascular grafts in vivo remains unclear. Therefore, an optimal successive, non-invasive imaging modality is necessary for the study of vascular transplantation. In the present study, a common rabbit model of carotid artery defect was utilized. The patency and hemodynamic characteristics of implanted grafts was examined following surgery by color Doppler ultrasound in three modes, including B-mode, color flow map and pulse-Doppler examination...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Prakash Hebbulse Shivalingaiah, Pradeep Kumar, Suyash Bajoria
Adrenal schwannomas are very rare tumors accounting for only 0.2% of the adrenal tumors. These are very difficult to diagnose preoperatively and usually present as incidental non-secreting adrenal masses in asymptomatic patients or in patients with non-specific complaints. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are required to aid the diagnosis, but adrenal schwannomas cannot be distinguishably confirmed on the basis of imaging alone. Histopathological examination (HPE) is essential for accurate diagnosis...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Radha Annamalai, Jyotirmay Biswas
Sympathetic ophthalmia is an ocular inflammatory disease commonly associated with penetrating trauma. We report a case of sympathetic ophthalmia who had Dalen-Fuchs nodules on presentation and developed a frosted branch angiitis (FBA)-like picture which is not a known feature of this disease. A 25-year-old male patient was seen 8 months following penetrating trauma to the left eye. He was treated with oral steroids and immunosuppressives. Fundus fluorescein angiography confirmed the presence of perivascular retinitis; optical coherence tomography showed retinal thickening and ultrasonography showed peripapillary choroidal thickening...
January 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Parthasarathi Roy
Pseudo-phakic pupillary block glaucoma in postoperative period may mimic acute endophthalmitis. This article illustrates how clinical differentiation of pseudo-phakic pupillary block glaucoma from postoperative acute endophthalmitis was done as ultrasonography produced confusing results.
January 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Mohamed Tharwat, Madeh Sadan, El-Sayed El-Shafaey, El-Hassan Saeed, Abdullah Al-Hawas
This report summarizes the clinical, hematobiochemical, ultrasonographic, histopathological and bacteriological findings in a male Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius) with bilateral renal abscessation and chronic active pyelonephritis. Owner complaint included a decreased appetite and loss of body condition with occasionally voiding red urine. In the right kidney, ultrasonographic changes included a hypoechoic fluid surrounding the renal parenchyma. Within the left kidney, a large volume of hypoechoic contents were imaged...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Brigid Ky Ning, Simon P Kelly, Celia Chu, Emile Morgan
A retired woman with left ophthalmic shingles of over 2 years' duration attended with bilateral vision loss and systemic upset. Acute retinal necrosis with detachment was detected on right fundus examination. Cataract in left eye precluded funduscopy. Ocular ultrasonography revealed fibrotic retinal detachment in the left eye. MRI brain and orbits also showed signals of retinal detachment. No abnormal MRI signal within the optic nerve or brain was found. Varicella zoster virus was detected in ocular aqueous and blood samples...
March 21, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Rachel L Becker, Jamila H Siamwala, Brandon R Macias, Alan R Hargens
BACKGROUND: We compared microvascular and macrovascular blood flows of the tibia and anterior tibial artery during graded whole-body tilt. We hypothesized equal responses for bone microvascular and macrovascular blood flows during varying angles of tilt. METHODS: There were 18 volunteers who were randomly positioned in the following postures: supine, 15° head-up tilt, 6° head-up tilt, 6° head-down tilt, and 15° head-down tilt using an inversion table with reference to seated posture (baseline control)...
April 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Soshi Nakamuta, Toshihiro Nishizawa, Shiori Matsuhashi, Arata Shimizu, Toshio Uraoka, Masato Yamamoto
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Malposition of peripherally inserted central catheters placed at the bedside is a well-recognized phenomenon. We report the success rate of the placement of peripherally inserted central catheters with ultrasound guidance for tip positioning and describe the knacks and pitfalls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical case charts of 954 patients who received peripherally inserted central catheter procedure. Patient clinical data included success rate of puncture, detection rate of tip malposition with ultrasonography, adjustment rate after X-ray, and success rate of peripherally inserted central catheter placement...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
Tom Calderbank, Ahmed Karim, Mike Wall, Arooj Syed, Robert S M Davies, Athanasios Saratzis
AIM: Malignancy is common in patients presenting with critical lower limb ischemia (CLI). However, outcomes in patients with concomitant active malignancy and CLI have not been well defined in comparative prospective analyses. Using contemporary prospective data, we aimed to assess outcomes following revascularization in patients with CLI and active malignancy. METHODS: A nested case-control study was performed using data from 2 tertiary referral centers for vascular disease...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Ji-Ho Park, Joshua Sung H You
BACKGROUND: Postural instability is an important pathomarker in children with cerebral palsy (CP), and is often implicated in gait disturbance. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of long-term robotic hippotherapy (HPOT) on postural muscles size and static and dynamic postural stability in a child with CP. METHODS: Ultrasonography was used to measure postural muscles size. We also evaluated the magnitude of the separation between the center of pressure (COP) and center of mass (COM) during quiet stance and gait initiation (GI) using an eight-camera motion capture system and two force plates...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
Shenghui Tuan, Ihsiu Liou, Hungtzu Su, Yunjeng Tsai, Guanbo Chen, Shufen Sun
BACKGROUND: Most studies used hyaluronic acid (HA) requiring 3-5 intra-articular injections (IAJ) for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy of a single IAJ of a novel HA by measuring the thickness of quadriceps and femoral intercondylar cartilage (FIC) under ultrasonography (US) in addition to subjective self-reported measures. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with KOA (Kellgren-Lawrence grades 2-3) received unilateral IAJ of HYAJOINT-Plus to the worse knee and were assessed at baseline and 1, 3 and 6-months after IAJ...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Nack Hwan Kim, Sang-Heon Lee
BACKGROUND: Nerve injury due to a movable cystic mass during knee motion is a rare neuropathy, which can be diagnosed precisely using a dynamic ultrasonogram. OBJECTIVE: To present a case with foot drop and common peroneal neuropathy that involved a movable cystic mass during knee flexion adjacent to the proximal tibiofibular joint. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 47-year-old female was referred to our institute for a right foot drop...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
C F Song, H Li, B Tian, S Chen, J B Miao, Y L Fu, B You, Q R Chen, T Li, X X Hu, W Q Zhang, B Hu
Objective: To evaluate the incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) after thoracic surgery and its characteristic. Methods: This was a single-center, prospective cohort study. Patients undergoing major thoracic surgeries between July 2016 and March 2017 at Department of Thoracic Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University were enrolled in this study. Besides the routine examination, all patients were screened for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) by using noninvasive duplex lower-extremity ultrasonography after surgery...
April 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
L Lu, H Z Shi, Z J Xiao, D Wang, C L Li
Objective: To summarize the experience in diagnosis and treatment of primary retroperitoneal liposarcoma. Methods: The clinic data of 73 cases of primary retroperitoneal liposarcoma were reviewed. The age of patients was 23 to 75 years old, with a median age of 53 years. Forty-five cases were treated for the first time, and 28 cases were re-treated after local recurrence. All patients underwent ultrasonography, CT or MRI before operation and were diagnosed of primary retroperitoneal liposarcoma. Results: No lymph node and distant metastasis were found in all patients...
March 13, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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