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Ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792228/field-evaluation-of-an-immunochromatographic-test-for-diagnosis-of-cystic-and-alveolar-echinococcosis
#1
Chun-Hua Gao, Jun-Yun Wang, Feng Shi, Dietmar Steverding, Xia Wang, Yue-Tao Yang, Xiao-Nong Zhou
BACKGROUND: The larval stages of the tapeworms Echinocoocus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis are the causative agents of human cystic echinococcosis (CE) and human alveolar echinococcosis (AE), respectively. Both CE and AE are chronic diseases characterised by long asymptomatic periods of many years. However, early diagnosis of the disease is important if treatment and management of echinococcosis patients are to be successful. METHODS: A previously developed rapid diagnostic test (RDT) for the differential detection of CE and AE was evaluated under field conditions with finger prick blood samples taken from 1502 people living in the Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, China, a region with a high prevalence for both forms of human echinococcosis...
May 23, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792180/screening-for-congenital-fetal-anomalies-in-low-risk-pregnancy-the-kenyatta-national-hospital-experience
#2
Callen Kwamboka Onyambu, Norah Mukiri Tharamba
BACKGROUND: Congenital malformations contribute significantly to the disease burden among children globally. A study conducted in Kenya on understanding the burden of surgical congenital anomalies, highlights the need for Kenyan health systems to go beyond the medical dimensions of illness. This could be achieved by linking knowledge of the severe congenital anomalies (CAs) and their impact of varying disability to the delivery of local health services and public health program planning...
May 23, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791984/-the-management-of-common-bile-duct-stones
#3
REVIEW
Chang Hwan Park
Common bile duct (CBD) stone is a relatively frequent disorder with a prevalence of 10-20% in patients with gallstones. This is also associated with serious complications, including obstructive jaundice, acute suppurative cholangitis, and acute pancreatitis. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment is the most important for managing CBD stones. According to a recent meta-analysis, endoscopic ultrasonography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography have high sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for the diagnosis of CBD stones...
May 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791417/-accuracy-of-asge-predictors-in-diagnosis-of-coledocolithiasis-in-a-public-hospital-of-lima-peru
#4
Paúl Gomez Hinojosa, Jorge Espinoza-Ríos, Alvaro Bellido Caparo, José Luis Pinto Valdivia, Mavel Rosado Cipriano, Ricardo Prochazka Zarate, Eduar Bravo Alban, Arturo Zegarra Chang
BACKGROUND: The predictors proposed by the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) are commonly used topredict the presence and management of choledocholithiasis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance and precision of thepredictors of choledocholithiasis proposed by ASGE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective and longitudinal study performed ata third level hospital during January 2015 to June 2017. All patients with high and intermediate probability of choledocholithiasiswho underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were included according to the criteria proposedby the ASGE...
January 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791295/ultrasonographic-detection-of-ingested-fishing-lines-in-loggerheads-caretta-caretta
#5
Delia Franchini, Carmela Valastro, Stefano Ciccarelli, Francesco Caprio, Diana Lenoci, Antonio Di Bello
Loggerhead sea turtles ( Caretta caretta) are among the most frequent victims of bycatch in drifting longlines, and the ingestion of fish hooks and fishing lines is one of the most frequent causes of death of sea turtles. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether coelomic ultrasound (US) can be decisive, not only for diagnosis but also to optimize surgical planning based on preoperative evaluation of the bowel conditions and, in addition, to see if there are characteristic sonographic findings in sea turtles associated with the ingestion of fishing lines...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791198/updates-on-ultrasound-research-in-implant-dentistry-a-systematic-review-of-potential-clinical-indications
#6
Vaishnavi Bhaskar, Hsun-Liang Chan, Mark MacEachern, Oliver D Kripfgans
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasonography has shown promising diagnostic value in dental implant imaging research; however, exactly how ultrasound was used and at what stage of implant therapy it can be applied has not been systematically evaluated. Therefore, the aim of this review is to investigate potential indications of ultrasound use in the three implant treatment phases, namely planning, intraoperative and postoperative phase. METHODS: Eligible manuscripts were searched in major databases with a combination of key words related to the use of ultrasound imaging in implant therapy...
May 23, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789245/outcomes-of-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-in-patients-who-are-70-years-of-age-or-older-versus-under-70-years-of-age-a-sex-and-tear-size-matched-case-control-study
#7
Ji-Yong Gwark, Chang-Meen Sung, Jae-Boem Na, Hyung Bin Park
PURPOSE: To compare the structural and clinical outcomes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR) of a case group aged 70 and above with those of a control group younger than 70, with the 2 groups matched for sex and tear size. METHODS: The case group, comprising 53 patients 70 or older, and the control group, comprising 159 patients younger than 70, all received ARCR to 1 shoulder with symptomatic full-thickness rotator cuff tear. The case and the control subjects, who were matched for sex and tear size to minimize bias related to tendon healing, received ARCR during the same period...
May 19, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789005/ultrasonography-in-diagnosis-and-analysis-of-chronic-pain-following-anterior-open-inguinal-herniorrhaphy
#8
Z Y Qiu, Y Chen, J X Tang, L Chen
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain as a complication following inguinal herniorrhaphy has attracted increasing attention in recent years. There is evidence that the chronic pain seriously affects patients' quality of life. However, there are few imaging studies and diagnostic techniques of the chronic pain. The aim of this study is to explore the etiology and to analysis ultrasonographic imaging description of chronic pain following anterior open inguinal herniorrhaphy. METHODS: One hundred fifty two patients with the chronic pain following anterior open inguinal herniorrhaphy were performed by ultrasonography to identify the main causes of postoperative chronic pain...
May 22, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788978/imaging-diagnosis-for-chronic-lateral-ankle-ligament-injury-a-systemic-review-with-meta-analysis
#9
Shengxuan Cao, Chen Wang, Xin Ma, Xu Wang, Jiazhang Huang, Chao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Various imaging techniques have been utilized for the diagnosis of chronic lateral ankle ligament injury. This systemic review will explore the effectiveness of different imaging techniques in diagnosing chronic lateral ankle ligament injury. METHODS: Relative studies were retrieved after searching 3 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trails). Eligible studies were summarized. Data were extracted to calculate pooled sensitivity and specificity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasonography (US), stress radiography, and arthrography...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788760/regression-patterns-of-choroidal-melanoma-after-palladium-103-103-pd-plaque-brachytherapy
#10
Abhilasha Maheshwari, Paul T Finger
PURPOSE: To describe the patterns of regression of choroidal melanoma after treatment with plaque brachytherapy. METHODS: Retrospective interventional case series including 170 consecutive patients treated with 103 Pd eye plaque radiation for choroidal melanoma. Outcome measures were changes in tumor thickness, surface characteristics, tumor vascularity, ultrasonography, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and histopathology. RESULTS: The mean initial tumor thickness was 3...
May 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788702/the-prevalence-of-gallstone-disease-is-significantly-lower-in-natives-than-in-migrants-of-jeju-island
#11
Oh-Sung Kwon, Young-Kyu Kim, Kyu Hee Her
BACKGROUND: The eating habits of Jeju Island natives are quite different from those of the mainland people because of geographic isolation. Diet is a main factor affecting gallstone disease. We investigated the prevalence of gallstone disease in both Jeju Island natives and migrants and studied the risk factors affecting gallstone disease in the Jeju Island people. METHODS: A total of 20,763 subjects who underwent medical checkups at the Health Promotion Center of Jeju National University Hospital in Korea from January 2003 to December 2015 were enrolled in the study...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788460/general-principles-for-pial-synangiosis-in-pediatric-moyamoya-patients-2-dimensional-operative-video
#12
David L Penn, Kyle C Wu, Kayla R Presswood, Coleman P Riordan, R Michael Scott, Edward R Smith
Pial synangiosis is a method of indirect surgical revascularization developed at our institution for the treatment of moyamoya disease in pediatric patients. Similar surgical principles are employed in adult cases, often performed because of lack of an adequate donor vessel. Standardized protocols, including preadmission for preoperative intravenous hydration and aspirin administration, as well as intraoperative electroencephalography, are routinely employed to minimize operative risk. Perioperative heparinization is not required...
May 18, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788448/inhibition-of-endothelial-progenitor-cells-may-explain-the-high-cardiovascular-event-rate-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
Mohamad Adawi, Nina Pastuck, Golan Saaida, Rizak Sirchan, Abdalla Watad, Arnon Blum
Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients may suffer cardiovascular (CV) events much more than the general population, and CV disease is the leading cause of death in patients with RA. Our hypothesis was that impaired function of endothelial progenitor cells may contribute to endothelial dysfunction and the clinical CV events of patients with RA. Methods: 27 RA patients (9 males and 18 females) with an active disease and 13 healthy subjects who served as the control group (9 males and 4 females) were enrolled to this prospective study...
May 16, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787998/repeated-superovulation-increases-the-risk-of-osteoporosis-and-cardiovascular-diseases-by-accelerating-ovarian-aging-in-mice
#14
Jinjin Zhang, Zhiwen Lai, Liangyan Shi, Yong Tian, Aiyue Luo, Zheyuan Xu, Xiangyi Ma, Shixuan Wang
Superovulation procedures and assisted reproductive technologies have been widely used to treat couples who have infertility problems. Although generally safe, the superovulation procedures are associated with a series of complications, such as ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome, thromboembolism, and adnexal torsion. The role of long-term repeated superovulation in ovarian aging and especially in associated disorders such as osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases is still unclear. In this study, we sought to determine if repeated superovulation by ten cycles of treatment with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin/human chorionic gonadotropin could affect ovarian reserve, ovarian function, bone density and heart function...
May 22, 2018: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786772/upstaging-to-invasive-ductal-carcinoma-after-mastectomy-for-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-predictive-factors-and-role-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy
#15
Yusuke Watanabe, Keisei Anan, Michiyo Saimura, Kenichiro Koga, Minoru Fujino, Mari Mine, Sadafumi Tamiya, Kazuyoshi Nishihara, Toru Nakano, Shoshu Mitsuyama
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate preoperative factors associated with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) upstaged to invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) and sentinel lymph node (SLN) status in patients who underwent mastectomy for a preoperative diagnosis of DCIS. METHODS: The medical records of 220 patients who underwent mastectomy for a preoperative diagnosis of DCIS were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Fifty-one (22.6%) of 226 lesions were upgraded to IDC after mastectomy...
May 21, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785934/imaging-modalities-in-the-etiologic-evaluation-of-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#16
Suat Bilici, Muhammet Yildiz, Ozgur Yigit, Esra Misir
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the roles of computed tomography (CT) and neck ultrasonography (US) in evaluating unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) of unknown etiology and to compare our results with those of other studies to assess the differences in etiology of UVFP. METHODS: We investigated the medical records of 202 eligible patients with UVFP. In total, 168 underwent chest CT, 118 underwent neck CT, and 108 underwent head CT. One hundred and three patients were also evaluated with high-resolution neck US...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785395/the-relationship-between-nafld-and-sarcopenia-in-elderly-patients
#17
Yu Zhai, Qian Xiao, Jing Miao
Aim: Previous studies have shown that individuals with low muscle mass exhibit an increased risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In this study, we investigated the association between NAFLD and sarcopenia in elderly patients. Methods: We classified the participants into sarcopenia/nonsarcopenia groups based on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), muscle strength (grip strength), or/and physical performance (6 m usual gait speed). We diagnosed NAFLD by ultrasonography combined with the history of alcohol intake...
2018: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785304/application-of-25-mhz-b-scan-ultrasonography-to-determine-the-integrity-of-the-posterior-capsule-in-posterior-polar-cataract
#18
Yawen Guo, Chengzhe Lu, Bin Wu, Jianmin Gao, Jun Li, Xiaoyong Yuan, Xin Tang
Purpose: To report the application of 25 MHz B-scan ultrasonography (MHzB) to determine the integrity of the posterior capsule (PC) in posterior polar cataract (PPC). Methods: Patients with whom PPC was clinically diagnosed using slit lamp microscopy who underwent 25 MHzB before phacoemulsification were retrospectively reviewed. The status of the PC was determined by 25 MHzB before phacoemulsification and confirmed during cataract surgery. Results: In total, 21 eyes in 14 clinically diagnosed PPC patients were enrolled in this study...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785290/endobronchial-treatment-of-peripheral-tumors-ongoing-development-and-perspectives
#19
Thibault Vieira, Jean-Baptiste Stern, Philippe Girard, Raffaelle Caliandro
The expanded possibilities to explore the lung deeper with new tools such as electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) or radial probe endobronchial ultrasonography (radial EBUS), combined with miniaturization of traditional local therapies such as radiofrequency ablation (RFA), radiotherapy, cryotherapy or photodynamic therapy, let the bronchoscopists hope for new ways of endoscopic treatments. This challenge could change the practice in the upcoming decades but raise some physical and technical issues...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785211/a-very-rare-cause-of-lower-limb-ischemia-in-young-people-popliteal-artery-entrapment
#20
Hasan Baki Altinsoy, Ozkan Alatas, Emjed Khalil, Kenan Abdurrahman Kara, Candan Cudi Okten, Omer Faruk Dogan
Background: Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) is a very rare pathology that can cause lower extremity ischemia in healthy young people. Anomalous anatomic relationships between the popliteal artery (PA) and the surrounding musculo-tendinous structures cause PAES. We present 31 patients with PAES in 35 limbs that were treated surgically in our clinic within a 12-year period. Patients and Methods: From 2001 to 2015, 31 patients (mean age: 32 ± 7.4 years) underwent surgery for PAES...
2018: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
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