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Ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528128/comparison-of-the-diagnostic-value-of-four-scoring-systems-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-patients
#1
Xuan Qi, Chao Sun, Yu Tian, Yuxiang Han, Chenxing Peng, Hongtao Jin, Lixia Gao
PURPOSE: We attempted to evaluate the diagnostic value of different salivary gland ultrasonography (SGUS) scoring systems for primary sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: Total 134 patients with pSS and 109 non-SS sicca controls were included in our study. All the cases were evaluated by four scoring systems (such as 0-16 SGUS, 0-3 SGUS, Parotid glands and Submandibular salivary glands scoring system). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed for the four scoring systems...
May 17, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527228/efficacy-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-for-preventing-quadriceps-muscle-wasting-in-patients-with-moderate-or-severe-acute-stroke-a-pilot-study
#2
Masafumi Nozoe, Masashi Kanai, Hiroki Kubo, Yuka Takeuchi, Miki Kobayashi, Miho Yamamoto, Asami Furuichi, Makoto Yamazaki, Shinichi Shimada, Kyoshi Mase
BACKGROUND: Stroke-related muscle wasting is one of the factors leading to long-term disability and functional dependency. No study has reported an effective therapeutic intervention for such muscle wasting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on quadriceps muscle mass preservation in patients with acute moderate or severe stroke by using ultrasonography (US). METHODS: Twenty patients with acute, moderate, or severe stroke (age: 68±11 years) were divided into usual care group (control group) and intervention groups (NMES group), respectively...
May 19, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527185/surface-heparinization-and-blood-compatibility-modification-of-small-intestinal-submucosa-sis-for-small-caliber-vascular-regeneration
#3
Bensong Han, Feng Xue, Cunyi Fan, Xiumei Mo
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the small intestinal submucosal (SIS) surface after heparinization with the hypothermia plasma technique, to improve the blood compatibility of SIS, and to explore the possibility of construction of small-caliber vascular grafts with modified SIS scaffolds in vivo. METHODS: SIS films prepared from jejunums of pigs were processed for surface treatment at different time periods with the argon plasma initiation technique under vacuum, and were then immediately immersed in 4% (m/v) heparin sodium solution for 24-h heparinization...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526462/-sudden-motor-and-sensorial-loss-due-to-retroperitoneal-hematoma-during-postoperative-periods-a-case-report
#4
Pelin Şen, Havva Gül Gültekin, İsmail Caymaz, Ömer Özel, Ayda Türköz
A 68 year-old male patient was hospitalized for radical prostatectomy. He had no abnormal medical history including neurological deficit before the operation. Prior to general anesthesia, an epidural catheter was inserted in the L3-4 interspace for intraoperative and postoperative analgesia. After surgery for nine hours, he developed confusion and flaccid paralysis of bilateral lower extremities occurred. No pathology was detected from cranial computed tomography and diffusion magnetic resonance imaging no pathology was detected...
May 16, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525975/venous-thromboembolism-in-hospitalized-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-for-malignancies-at-japanese-community-hospital-prospective-observational-study
#5
Hiromitsu Kitayama, Tomohiro Kondo, Junko Sugiyama, Kazutomo Kurimoto, Yasuhiro Nishino, Michiaki Hirayama, Yasushi Tsuji
BACKGROUND: Although Asian population was recognized to have a lower risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), its increasing prevalence and incidence remain unclear in patients with malignancies. We attempted to predict VTE development using activation markers of coagulation and fibrinolysis. METHODS: We enrolled patients with malignancy admitted to Tonan Hospital between April and December 2014 to receive a new-for-them chemotherapy regimen. All patients were examined for VTE by computed tomography and whole-leg compression ultrasonography before chemotherapy and three months later...
May 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525666/complications-and-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-rate-of-trus-prostate-biopsies-using-16-and-18g-needles-by-clavien-scoring
#6
Serkan Ozcan, Mehmet Akif Diri, Murat Bagcioglu, Tolga Karakan, Arif Aydın
AIM: We aimed to compare the 18 and 16-Gauge (G) needles used in transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-guided needle biopsy for cancer detection rates and complications using the Clavien Scoring System. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 80 patients who were included in the study were randomized and divided into two groups. Group 1 (n = 36) had a TRUS-guided prostate biopsy with an 18G needle and Group 2 had a 16G needle (n = 44). The hematuria, bleeding assessment, and infection events were evaluated on a daily basis...
May 16, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525662/imaging-technologies-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-acute-pyelonephritis
#7
Dmitry V Enikeev, Petr Glybochko, Yuriy Alyaev, Mikhail Enikeev, Leonid Rapoport
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibilities of ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in diagnosing acute pyelonephritis (AP) and renal abscess. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred and seven patients with AP were followed up from 2010 throughout 2015. All the patients were divided into three groups. Group 1 included 113 (54.6%) patients with acute nonobstructive pyelonephritis; group 2 included 33 (15.9%) patients with acute obstructive pyelonephritis; and group 3 included 61 (29...
May 18, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525388/association-between-body-mass-index-and-presence-of-carotid-plaque-among-low-income-adults-aged-45-years-and-older-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-china
#8
Yongzhong Lou, Bin Li, Lan Su, Zhenhong Mu, Minghao Sun, Hongfei Gu, Jingxian Ni, Yanan Wu, Jun Tu, Jinghua Wang, Xianjia Ning
Carotid plaque is a good surrogate endpoint for assessing arterial atherosclerosis, and atherosclerosis is a reliable predictor of cardiovascular diseases. However, the effect of body mass index on carotid plaque is unknown. Therefore, we aimed to explore the association between body mass index and carotid plaque in a low-income Chinese population. Residents aged ≥45 years and free of stroke and cardiovascular diseases were enrolled and divided into four groups based on body mass index. B-mode ultrasonography was performed to measure carotid plaque...
May 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525201/-macrocystic-serous-cystadenoma-of-the-pancreas-about-a-case
#9
H Adamou, I Amadou Magagi, O Adakal, O Habou, T Tchindo, L Kolle, A Illo
Serous cystadenomas of pancreas are unusual cystic tumour. The microcystic forms is more common and its radiological diagnosis is easy. However, the macrocystic unilocular form of serous cystadenoma can be mistaken with other malignant macrocystic lesions of the pancreas. We report the case of a 17 year-old girl, admitted to the National Hospital of Niamey (Niger), with abdominal pain and an unilocular macrocystic serous cystadenoma of pancreas, diagnosed after histological examination of the surgical specimen...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524830/using-ultrasonography-to-evaluate-the-relationship-between-capsular-invasion-or-extracapsular-extension-and-lymph-node-metastasis-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinomas
#10
Wei-Ping Jiao, Lei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that ultrasonography is the recommended imaging modality for preoperative staging of papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs). However, only a few studies have kept watch on preoperative evaluation of capsular invasion (CI) or extracapsular extension (ECE) and cervical lymph node metastasis using preoperative ultrasonography. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the CI or ECE and the cervical lymph node metastasis in PTCs using preoperative ultrasonography and postoperative pathology in Chinese patients...
June 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524145/-orbital-case-of-ocular-dirofilariasis
#11
M B Gushсhina, E V Egorova, N S Yuzhakova, S A Mal'kov
AIM: to report a clinical case of orbital dirofilariasis with attention to peculiarities of disease presentation, diagnostic measures, and treatment results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A patient with a history of spontaneously subsiding recurrent oedema of the lower eyelid suspicious of parasitic cyst formation. The diagnosis was confirmed preoperatively by orbital ultrasound. Surgical intervention included orbitotomy with microsurgical excision of the parasitic cyst via a percutaneous approach through the lower eyelid skin crease...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523263/a-rare-case-of-an-autoamputated-ovary-with-mature-cystic-teratoma
#12
Hwi Gon Kim, Yong Jung Song, Yong Jin Na, Juseok Yang, Ook Hwan Choi
Autoamputated ovary with mature cystic teratoma (MCT) is a rarely reported gynecologic entity with an unknown prevalence. A 34-year-old woman referred to our clinic for presumed left ovarian tumor. Pelvic examination, ultrasonography and computed tomography scan revealed a 5-cm, cystic ovarian mass with calcification and fat component, and tumor markers were as follows, cancer antigen (CA) 125; 10.4 U/mL, CA19-9; 2 U/mL. Laparoscopy was performed. The mass was identified in the left adnexal region without any ligamentous or direct connection with the pelvic organs...
April 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523256/ovarian-volume-in-korean-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-its-related-factors
#13
Young Shin Han, Ah Rha Lee, Hee Kyoung Song, Jeong In Choi, Jang Heub Kim, Mee Ran Kim, Min Jeong Kim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of ovarian volume (OV) to age, height, and weight in Korean young women with the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing ultrasonography (US) and to investigate the relationship between ovarian follicle count and volume on US and serum hormone levels including the levels of the anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and gonadotropin. METHODS: A total of 272 Korean nulliparous women aged 15 to 39 years who were newly diagnosed with PCOS at a university hospital were included in this study...
April 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523191/maternal-morbidity-in-women-with-placenta-previa-managed-with-prediction-of-morbidly-adherent-placenta-by-ultrasonography
#14
Midori Fujisaki, Seishi Furukawa, Yohei Maki, Masanao Oohashi, Koutarou Doi, Hiroshi Sameshima
Objective. To determine maternal morbidity in women with placenta previa managed with prediction of morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) by ultrasonography. Methods. A retrospective cohort study was undertaken comprising forty-one women who had placenta previa with or without risk factors for MAP. Women who had all three findings (bladder line interruption, placental lacunae, and absence of the retroplacental clear zone) were regarded as high suspicion for MAP and underwent cesarean section followed by hysterectomy...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523127/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-hifu-ablation-of-benign-thyroid-nodules-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Brian Hung-Hin Lang, Arnold L H Wu
BACKGROUND: With an increasing number of imaging studies being done nowadays, the number of incidentally discovered thyroid nodules is expected to rise. Although many of these nodules are small and benign in nature, some do grow and may cause pressure and/or thyrotoxic symptoms. Surgical resection has traditionally been recommended for symptomatic nodules but is associated with risk of hypothyroidism, bleeding, infection, and nerve damage. High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is one of the non-surgical thermal ablation techniques that may serve as an alternative in the treatment of benign thyroid nodules...
2017: Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523029/evaluation-of-caspase-3-enzyme-and-tnf-alpha-as-biomarkers-in-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-in-children-a-preliminary-report
#16
Mehdi Shirazi, Ali Eslahi, Vahidreza Sharifi, Fatemeh Rahimi, Alireza Safarpour
OBJECTIVE: To determine the applicability of urinary caspase 3 enzyme and TNF-α as biomarkers in children with ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO). METHODS: In this study, 31 unilateral UPJO patients and 33 age- and sex-matched healthy childrens were enrolled. The patients with UPJO consisted of 11 female and 20 male children between the ages of 2 to 62 months old. All participants were evaluated regarding anterior-posterior(AP) diameter and cortical thickness of affected kidney by ultrasonography...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523025/association-of-vitamin-d-insufficiency-deficiency-with-thyroid-artery-doppler-ultrasonography-in-patients-with-hashimoto-thyroiditis
#17
Ahmet Nalbant, Ayhan Aydin, Alper Karacan, Attila Onmez, Ali Tamer, Hakan Cinemre
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: During the course of the autoimmune thyroid diseases, ultrasonography change parallel to histopathology. Vitamin D is associated with autoimmune diseases and thus can affect thyroid blood flow. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency and thyroid hemodynamic indices in patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis. METHODS: A total of 93 patients who presented to Sakarya University Endocrinology outpatient clinic from April to September 2016 and diagnosed with Hashimoto thyroiditis were included in this study...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522988/multiple-sites-ultrasonography-of-peripheral-nerves-in-differentiating-charcot-marie-tooth-type-1a-from-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyradiculoneuropathy
#18
Jingwen Niu, Liying Cui, Mingsheng Liu
INTRODUCTION: Multiple sites measurement of cross-sectional areas (CSA) by ultrasound was performed to differentiate Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1A (CMT1A) and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). METHODS: Nine patients with CMT1A, 28 patients with CIDP, and 14 healthy controls (HC) were recruited prospectively. Consecutive ultrasonography scanning was performed from wrist to axilla on median and ulnar nerves. CSAs were measured at 10 predetermined sites of each nerve...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522925/urinary-tract-stone-development-in-patients-with-myelodysplasia-subjected-to-augmentation-cystoplasty
#19
Courtney L Shepard, Guaqiao Wang, Betsy D Hopson, Erika B Bunt, Dean G Assimos
Patients with myelodysplasia who have undergone augmentation cystoplasty are at risk for urinary tract stones. We sought to determine the incidence and risk factors for stone development in this population. The charts of 40 patients with myelodysplasia who have undergone augmentation cystoplasty were reviewed. None had a prior history of urinary tract stones. All patients were seen on an annual basis with plain abdominal imaging, renal ultrasonography, and laboratory testing. Statistical analysis included a multivariable bootstrap resampling method and Student's t-test...
2017: Reviews in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522314/relationship-of-antral-follicular-blood-flow-velocity-to-superovulatory-responses-in-ewes
#20
M E F Oliveira, P M Bartlewski, N Jankowski, L C Padilha-Nakaghi, L G Oliveira, S D Bicudo, J F Fonseca, W R R Vicente
The aim of this study was to examine the association between antral follicular blood flow velocity and the response of ewes to hormonal ovarian superstimulation. Ten Santa Inês ewes were subjected to a short- (7days; Group 1) or long-term (13days; Group 2) progesterone (CIDR(®); InterAg, Hamilton, New Zealand) priming, and a superovulatory treatment with porcine follicle-stimulating hormone (pFSH; Folltropin(®)-V; Bioniche Animal Health, Belleville, ON, Canada), given twice daily for four consecutive days in decreasing doses and initiated four or ten days after CIDR insertion, respectively...
April 24, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
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