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Duodenal atresia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049228/the-efficiency-of-sonography-in-diagnosing-volvulus-in-neonates-with-suspected-intestinal-malrotation
#1
Wenhua Zhang, Hongjun Sun, Fangqiong Luo
This study is to prospectively evaluate the efficiency of sonography for volvulus diagnosis in neonates with clinically suspected intestinal malrotation.A total of 83 patients with suspected intestinal malrotation who underwent detailed abdominal sonography and upper gastrointestinal contrast study were included. Malrotation was characterized by inversion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and superior mesenteric vein (SMV) in sonographic examination. The "whirlpool sign" of Color Doppler Sonography was recognized as a characteristic for malrotation with volvulus...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030699/prematurity-and-biliary-atresia-a-30-year-observational-study
#2
Natalie Durkin, Maesha Deheragoda, Mark Davenport
AIM OF STUDY: The diagnosis of biliary atresia (BA) remains challenging and delay can lead to significant morbidity with time to surgery a key factor in determining outcome. Prematurity may impact on outcome potentially delaying diagnosis. We sought to assess whether the premature BA infants (PBA) have a delayed time to surgery and as such, worse outcomes? METHODS: Review of a single-centre prospectively maintained database. Prematurity was defined as delivery < 37/40 gestation...
October 13, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018788/transition-from-laparotomy-to-laparoscopic-repair-of-congenital-duodenal-obstruction-in-neonates-our-early-experience
#3
Min Jeng Cho, Dae Yeon Kim, Seong Chul Kim, Jung Man Namgoong
BACKGROUND: The aim of this report was to review our early experience of the last 7 years with repairs of congenital duodenal obstruction (CDO) to determine the efficacy and outcomes of laparoscopic repairs compared to laparotomy. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on all neonate (<30 days) with CDO between 2009 and 2015. Patients with duodenal atresia, stenosis, web, and annular pancreas were included. Patients with only malrotation or delayed presentation were excluded...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919320/is-selective-echocardiography-in-duodenal-atresia-the-future-standard-of-care
#4
Abid Khan, Sharman Tan Tanny, Elizabeth J Perkins, Rodney W Hunt, John M Hutson, Sebastian K King, Bryn Jones, Warwick J Teague
BACKGROUND: Duodenal atresia (DA) is associated with cardiac defects that may have perioperative care implications. Standard preoperative care includes echocardiography to identify such cardiac defects, but this dogma has been challenged. We aimed to assess selective and selective strategies for preoperative echocardiography in DA patients. METHODS: Single-center retrospective review of neonates with DA over a 16-year period was performed. Data included preoperative cardiovascular and respiratory examination, chest x-ray, and echocardiography...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880692/clinical-outcome-of-pregnancies-with-the-prenatal-double-bubble-sign-a-five-year-experience-from-one-single-centre-in-mainland-china
#5
Yu Yang, Ping He, Dong-Zhi Li
The aim of this study was to describe the risk of aneuploidy, associated structural anomalies and clinical outcome in pregnancies with the prenatal double bubble sign. A retrospective study on ultrasound reports and pregnancy outcomes was performed in 71 foetuses with double bubble sign, who were examined at the Guangzhou Women and Children Medical Center during a five-year period. Forty-nine patients had the regular prenatal care since first trimester; of these, 20 had the sonographic sign before 24 weeks and the remaining 29 had the sonographic diagnosis after 24 weeks...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876575/neonatal-surgery-a-study-of-two-years-at-nelson-mandela-academic-hospital-mthatha-eastern-cape
#6
A Delgado, A Cejas, D Bangasa
BACKGROUND: Advances in diagnostic techniques and perioperative care have greatly improved the outcome of neonatal surgery. Despite this, disparity still exists in the outcome of neonatal surgery between developed and developing countries. METHOD: We performed a prospective study of neonates admitted and treated due to surgical congenital diseases and other conditions in our hospital from April 2015 to April 2017. RESULTS: There were 19 (28,7%) females and 47 (70,3%) males in this group...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855988/intestinal-atresia-following-chemotherapy-presenting-as-superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-a-case-report
#7
Xing Wang, Jian-Zhong Li, Ying-Hui Yang, Xiao-Li Huang, Yu Wang, Bin Wu
Multi-agent chemotherapy is recognized as the most common and effective treatment for Burkitt lymphoma, and intestinal mucosal injury is a common gastrointestinal complication following intensive chemotherapy. The aim of the present study was to describe a case of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with intestinal obstruction after chemotherapy in a young adult. The patient presented with aggravated vomiting during the second session of chemotherapy, which was initially attributed to superior mesenteric artery syndrome. However, following surgical intervention, the symptom was proven to be due to extreme intestinal stenosis in the ascending part of the duodenum...
October 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770132/congenital-duodenal-obstruction-situs-inversus-totalis-and-gastric-perforation-in-a-neonate
#8
Rajat Piplani, Samir K Acharya, Deepak Bagga
We report a rare case of incomplete congenital duodenal obstruction (Type 1 duodenal atresia) in association with situs inversus totalis presenting with gastric perforation in a neonate. The infantogram was suggestive of perforation with air under diaphragm along with dextrocardia. On exploration, a pin point perforation at fundus near lesser curvature along with situs inversus was noted. Primary closure of gastric perforation was done. Patient was then discharged on full breast feeds but was readmitted with intolerance to feeds and recurrent bilious vomiting...
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709660/effect-of-gastrointestinal-malformations-on-the-outcomes-of-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#9
Carlos M Mery, Luis E De León, J Rubén Rodriguez, R Michael Nieto, Wei Zhang, Iki Adachi, Jeffrey S Heinle, Lauren C Kane, E Dean McKenzie, Charles D Fraser
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to assess the effect of associated gastrointestinal malformations (GI) on the outcomes of patients undergoing congenital heart operations. METHODS: Neonates and infants with thoracic (esophageal atresia, tracheoesophageal fistula) and abdominal (duodenal stenosis/atresia, imperforate anus, Hirschsprung disease) GI malformations undergoing congenital heart operations between 1995 and 2015 were included. Two control groups were created, one for each group...
July 11, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677208/congenital-duodenal-and-multiple-jejunal-atresia-with-malrotation-in-a-patient-with-down-syndrome
#10
Tsubasa Shironomae, Miwa Satomi, Tsuyoshi Kuwahara, Yoshitomo Yasui, Miyuki Kohno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677072/disparity-in-access-and-outcomes-for-emergency-neonatal-surgery-intestinal-atresia-in-kampala-uganda
#11
Sarah Cairo, Nasser Kakembo, Phyllis Kisa, Arlene Muzira, Maija Cheung, James Healy, Doruk Ozgediz, John Sekabira
BACKGROUND/AIM: Intestinal atresia is one of the leading causes of neonatal intestinal obstruction (NIO). The purpose of this study was to analyze the presentation and outcome of IA and compare with those from both similar and high-income country settings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data from patient charts and pediatric surgical database for 2012-2015 was performed. Epidemiological data and patient characteristics were analyzed and outcomes were compared with those reported in other LMICs and high-income countries (HICs)...
August 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588837/rare-presentation-of-6q16-3-microdeletion-syndrome-with-severe-upper-limb-reduction-defects-and-duodenal-atresia
#12
Megan L Donahue, Luis O Rohena
We present a patient with a 17.31 MB interstitial deletion of 6q16.3-6q22.31, who demonstrates a unique constellation of 6q- features. Among 6q- patients, he has limb reduction among the most severe reported, he is the second patient with duodenal atresia, and is the first documented case of diaphragmatic eventration.
June 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549685/advanced-minimal-access-surgery-in-infants-weighing-less-than-3kg-a-single-center-experience
#13
James K Wall, Tiffany J Sinclair, William Kethman, Christina Williams, Craig Albanese, Karl G Sylvester, Matias Bruzoni
BACKGROUND: Minimal access surgery (MAS) has gained popularity in infants less than 5kg, however, significant challenges still arise in very low weight infants. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was performed to identify all infants weighing less than 3kg who underwent an advanced MAS or equivalent open procedure from 2009 to 2016. Advanced case types included Nissen fundoplication, duodenal atresia repair, Ladd procedure, congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair, esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula repair, diaphragmatic plication, and pyloric atresia repair...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523762/a-retrospective-study-of-cytogenetic-results-from-amniotic-fluid-in-5328-fetuses-with-abnormal-obstetric-sonographic-findings
#14
Shuo Zhang, Caixia Lei, Junping Wu, Haiyan Sun, Yuezhou Yang, Yueping Zhang, Xiaoxi Sun
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic utility of karyotype analysis of amniotic fluid for fetuses with abnormal sonographic findings and to determine the detection rates of abnormal karyotypes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 5328 fetuses with abnormal sonographic findings in the first or second trimester enrolled from October 1998 and September 2015. Cytogenetic results from amniotic fluid were obtained in all of these pregnancies...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457106/detection-rate-and-sonographic-signs-of-trisomy-21-fetuses-at-14-17-weeks-of-gestation
#15
Eliezer Bronshtein, Ido Solt, Moshe Bronshtein, Ayala Gover, Igal Wolman, Zeev Blumenfeld
BACKGROUND: Early prenatal ultrasound is an important part of prenatal screening in Israel. No studies have described the rate of trisomy 21 [T21] identification at 14-17 weeks gestation. OBJECTIVES: To describe the rate of T21 identification by transvaginal sonograms (TVS) at 14-17 weeks gestation. METHODS: We conducted a historical prospective study. Since 1986, early TVS of 72,000 fetuses at 14-17 weeks gestation have been prospectively recorded together with prenatal screening data at a private ultrasound center (AL-KOL, Haifa)...
January 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381137/jejunal-occlusion-caused-by-heterotopic-gastric-and-duodenal-mucosa
#16
Olivia Seyde, Giacomo Puppa, Philippe Morel, Barbara E Wildhaber, Anne-Laure Rougemont
We report a rare case of late complication of a complex intestinal malformation. At day 1 of life, a baby girl underwent resection of an atretic jejunal segment, associated with an enteric duplication harboring foci of gastric and duodenal heterotopia. After an asymptomatic period of 19 years, the patient presented with acute bowel obstruction. Recurrence of the jejunal occlusion at the previous anastomotic site was caused by mucosa hyperplasia in association with heterotopic gastric and duodenal tissue. A Wnt/β-catenin pathway deregulation was hypothesized but not confirmed by CTNNB1 exon 3 mutation analysis...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326320/duodenal-atresia-open-versus-mis-repair-analysis-of-our-experience-over-the-last-12-years
#17
Salvatore Fabio Chiarenza, Valeria Bucci, Maria Luisa Conighi, Elisa Zolpi, Lorenzo Costa, Lorella Fasoli, Cosimo Bleve
Objective. Duodenal atresia (DA) routinely has been corrected by laparotomy and duodenoduodenostomy with excellent long-term results. We revisited the patients with DA treated in the last 12 years (2004-2016) comparing the open and the minimally invasive surgical (MIS) approach. Methods. We divided our cohort of patients into two groups. Group 1 included 10 patients with CDO (2004-09) treated with open procedure: 5, DA; 3, duodenal web; 2, extrinsic obstruction. Three presented with Down's syndrome while 3 presented with concomitant malformations...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314387/twin-pregnancy-complicated-by-esophageal-atresia-duodenal-atresia-gastric-perforation-and-hypoplastic-left-heart-structures-in-one-twin-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Mohamad K Abou Chaar, Mariana L Meyers, Bethany D Tucker, Henry L Galan, Kenneth W Liechty, Timothy M Crombleholme, Ahmed I Marwan
BACKGROUND: The antenatal diagnosis of a combined esophageal atresia without tracheoesophageal fistula and duodenal atresia with or without gastric perforation is a rare occurrence. These diagnoses are difficult and can be suspected on ultrasound by nonspecific findings including a small stomach and polyhydramnios. Fetal magnetic resonance imaging adds significant anatomical detail and can aid in the diagnosis of these complicated cases. Upon an extensive literature review, there are no reports documenting these combined findings in a twin pregnancy...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258456/laparoscopic-repair-of-duodenal-atresia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Anastasia Mentessidou, Amulya K Saxena
PURPOSE: To investigate the outcome of laparoscopic repair of duodenal atresia (LRDA) in relation to different approaches with regard to suture material and anastomosis technique. To identify evidence for the safety and efficacy of LRDA compared with the conventional open repair. METHODS: Systematic search was performed for all studies on LRDA, excluding case reports, and all comparative studies between LRDA and open repair. Chi-square was used to assess associations between complications or conversions rates and different LRDA approaches (suture material, suturing technique)...
August 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241003/-duodenal-diaphragm-diagnosis-in-a-school-aged-child-and-minimally-invasive-treatment-case-report
#20
Andrea Barrueto Barrera, Sofia Santelices Baeza, Francisco Miranda Labra, David Schnettler Rodríguez
Duodenal atresia is the third cause of intrinsic intestinal obstruction in the neonatal period. Typical presentation includes early-onset vomiting of gastric or bilious content, abdominal distension and poor weight gain. If the obstruction is incomplete, as in a perforated duodenal diaphragm, presenting symptoms tend to appear later and be nonspecific, so diagnosis is usually delayed. We present the case of a 9-year-old girl with a history of biliary postprandial vomiting from the infancy period, without any impact on the nutritional status, managed symptomatically...
January 31, 2017: Medwave
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