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Cardiac Rehab

Rehab M El-Gharabawy, Amira S Ahmed, Amal H Al-Najjar
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of nitroglycerin in the pathogenesis of cataract. DESIGN: Prospective study. PATIENT AND METHODS: This study was performed in adults from tertiary Saudi Arabian hospitals (34 males and 26 females in each group, aged from 40 to 60 years), who were divided into four groups with an equal number of subjects (control group, cardiac group, idiopathic cataract group, and a group of cardiac patients using nitroglycerin and with cataracts)...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Matias B Yudi, David J Clark, David Tsang, Michael Jelinek, Katie Kalten, Subodh Joshi, Khoa Phan, Arthur Nasis, John Amerena, Sandeep Arunothayaraj, Chris Reid, Omar Farouque
BACKGROUND: There are well-documented treatment gaps in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease and no clear guidelines to assist early physical activity after acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Smartphone technology may provide an innovative platform to close these gaps. This paper describes the study design of a randomized controlled trial assessing whether a smartphone-based secondary prevention program can facilitate early physical activity and improve cardiovascular health in patients with ACS...
September 5, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
A De Schutter, S Kachur, C J Lavie, R S Boddepalli, D A Patel, R V Milani
BACKGROUND: Despite the well-known adverse effects of obesity on almost all aspects of coronary heart disease, many studies of coronary heart disease cohorts have demonstrated an inverse relationship between obesity, as defined by body mass index (BMI), and subsequent prognosis; the 'obesity paradox'. The etiology of this and the potential role of inflammation in this process remain unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 519 patients with coronary heart disease before and after cardiac rehabilitation, dividing them into groups based on CRP (CRP ⩾3 mg/l and CRP <3 mg/l after cardiac rehab)...
July 25, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Dalynn T Badenhop, Jayme Rock-Willoughby, Jodi Tinkel, Sadik Khuder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Gardner Yost, Laura Coyle, Kristen Milkevitch, Roy Adair, Antone Tatooles, Geetha Bhat
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have become an increasingly popular and effective means for treating advanced heart failure. LVAD implantation requires extensive surgery and postoperative rehabilitation. The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) has been used to quantify functional gains in numerous patient populations, including those with stroke and spinal cord injury. This study investigated functional improvements in patients undergoing LVAD implantation using the FIM score...
June 4, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Hesham Zaher, Hoda Rasheed, Mohamed M El-Komy, Rehab A Hegazy, Heba I Gawdat, Dalia M Abdel Halim, Rania M Abdel Hay, Ranya A Hegazy, Abeer M Mohy
BACKGROUND: Renin-angiotensin system components have been demonstrated in the biology of infantile hemangioma (IH). Captopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, is proposed as a therapeutic alternative to oral propranolol. OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare the benefit of propranolol and captopril in the treatment of IH, and to assess angiotensin-converting enzyme gene polymorphism in patients with IH and in control subjects. METHODS: Thirty patients with IH and 35 healthy control subjects were enrolled in this study...
March 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Dorota Włodarczyk
BACKGROUND: Multiple reports have confirmed that quality of life (QoL) in women after myocardial infarction (MI) is worse compared to men of the same age but some variation depending on QoL dimension was also reported. A less studied issue is coping after MI. AIM: The present study examined whether gender affected the level and dynamics of QoL and coping over 1 year after MI. METHODS: This questionnaire-based study included 3 stages, at the beginning and the end of a rehabilitation programme (n = 222, 163 [73%] men) and 1 year later (n = 140, 98 [70%] men)...
2016: Kardiologia Polska
David M Buijs, Ailar Ramadi, Karen MacDonald, Rhonda Lightfoot, Mano Senaratne, Robert G Haennel
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour and the level of daily physical activity are of particular concern in cardiac patients, as diminished activity may be a strong predictor of mortality in this population. PURPOSE: In this study we assessed sedentary behaviour and the quantity and quality of daily physical activity among older cardiac patients who were at different stages of recovery following a cardiac event. DESIGN: We used a cross-sectional design and a convenience sampling technique...
2015: Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, Journal Canadien en Soins Infirmiers Cardio-vasculaires
Tuvia Ben Gal, Massimo F Piepoli, Ugo Corrà, Viviane Conraads, Stamatis Adamopoulos, Piergiuseppe Agostoni, Ewa Piotrowicz, Jean-Paul Schmid, Petar M Seferovic, Piotr Ponikowski, Gerasimos Filippatos, Tiny Jaarsma
BACKGROUND: To contribute to the protocol development of exercise training in LVAD supported patients by reviewing the exercise programs for those patients in the ESC affiliated countries. METHODS: A subset of data from 77 (26 countries) LVAD implanting centers that participated in the Extra-HF survey (170 centers) was analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 77 LVAD implanting centers, 45 (58%) reported to have a functioning exercise training program (ETP) for LVAD patients...
December 15, 2015: International Journal of Cardiology
Oladipupo Olafiranye, David Hostler, Daniel G Winger, Li Wang, Steven E Reis
Peripheral arterial stiffness and endothelial function, which are independent predictors of cardiac events, are abnormal in firefighters. We examined the effects of aspirin on peripheral arterial stiffness and endothelial function in firefighters. Fifty-two firefighters were randomized to receive daily 81 mg aspirin or placebo for 14 days before treadmill exercise in thermal protection clothing, and a single dose of 325 mg aspirin or placebo immediately following exertion. Peripheral arterial augmentation index adjusted for a heart rate of 75 (AI75) and reactive hyperemia index (RHI) were determined immediately before, and 30, 60, and 90 minutes after exertion...
June 2015: Vascular Medicine
Vibeke Lynggaard, Ole May, Alison Beauchamp, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Inge Wittrup
BACKGROUND: Due to improved treatments and ageing population, many countries now report increasing prevalence in rates of ischemic heart disease and heart failure. Cardiac rehabilitation has potential to reduce morbidity and mortality, but not all patients complete. In light of favourable effects of cardiac rehabilitation it is important to develop patient education methods which can enhance adherence to this effective program. The LC-REHAB study aims to compare the effect of a new patient education strategy in cardiac rehabilitation called 'learning and coping' to that of standard care...
December 13, 2014: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Dennis J Kerrigan, Celeste T Williams, Jonathan K Ehrman, Matthew A Saval, Kyle Bronsteen, John R Schairer, Meghan Swaffer, Clinton A Brawner, David E Lanfear, Yelena Selektor, Mauricio Velez, Cristina Tita, Steven J Keteyian
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program on functional capacity and health status (HS) in patients with newly implanted left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). BACKGROUND: Reduced functional capacity and HS are independent predictors of mortality in patients with heart failure. CR improves both, and is related to improved outcomes in patients with heart failure; however, there is a paucity of data that describe the effects of CR in patients with LVADs...
December 2014: JACC. Heart Failure
Sherry L Grace, Trisha L Parsons, Todd A Duhamel, Deborah S Somanader, Neville Suskin
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) significantly reduces morbidity and mortality compared with usual care. CR quality indicators (QIs) have recently been established in Canada. This article presents an assessment of real-world CR program achievement of process and outcome QIs in Canada, using the Canadian Cardiac Rehab Registry (CCRR). The CR QIs were developed through the Canadian Cardiovascular Society's Best Practice Methodology. After reconciling the QI with CCRR definitions, it was identified that 14 (46.7%) of the 30 QIs could be assessed through the CCRR...
November 2014: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2014: Harvard Heart Letter: From Harvard Medical School
Z C Collins, N Suskin, S Aggarwal, S L Grace
BACKGROUND: Most cardiac rehabilitation (CR) associations have published guidelines recommending timely and early access. AIM: To review the effects of early CR initiation on patient outcomes, and to describe the wait times associated with positive outcomes. DESIGN: Studies were identified via a limited systematic search on key resource databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL. A focused Internet search was conducted with a concentrated grey literature search for evidence reports...
June 2015: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
M Dahdah, S Barnes, K Schmidt, A Buros, R Dubiel, C Dunklin, L Callender, S Shafi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of preexisting illness on inpatient rehabilitation outcomes in patients with TBI. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from a TBI Model System Center, inpatient rehabilitation center. Participants included 132 TBI survivors aged ≥ 16. OUTCOME MEASURES: FIM total score and DRS at discharge, Trail Making Test A (TMT: A), Trail Making Test B (TMT: B), and Total Trials 1-5 of California Verbal Learning Test, 2nd Edition (CVLT-II)...
September 2014: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Praveen K Gupta, Rehab Ali Marzook, Leena Sulaibeekh
A case of multiple intracranial abscesses in an immune-competent young girl is reported. She had chicken pox. Two weeks later, she presented with multiple intracranial abscesses. No significant cardiac abnormality was detected on transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE). The condition was treated medically. However, one of the abscesses adjacent to the CSF pathways enlarged on treatment and caused obstructive hydrocephalus that required stereotactic aspiration. Gram stain showed gram positive cocci in chain. Pus was sterile on culture...
October 2013: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2013: Harvard Heart Letter: From Harvard Medical School
Lisa Schilling, Raimund Forst, Jürgen Forst, Albert Fujak
BACKGROUND: Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 (DM1) is the most common form of hereditary myopathy presenting in adults. This autosomal-dominant systemic disorder is caused by a CTG repeat, demonstrating various symptoms. A mild, classic and congenital form can be distinguished. Often the quality of life is reduced by orthopaedic problems, such as muscle weakness, contractures, foot or spinal deformities, which limit patients' mobility.The aim of our study was to gather information about the orthopaedic impairments in patients with DM1 in order to improve the medical care of patients, affected by this rare disease...
2013: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Ola Sayed Ali, Hanan Muhammad Abdelgawad, Makram Sayed Mohammed, Rehab Refaat El-Awady
It is known that xanthine oxidoreductase contributes significantly to ischemia/reperfusion injury by generating reactive oxygen species. Ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) is a biomarker of acute myocardial ischemia with high sensitivity but moderate specificity. Our study aims to evaluate the xanthine oxidase (XO) system and the IMA level in the serum of patients with ischemic heart disease, and their correlation with traditional cardiac markers. The study was conducted on 60 patients with ischemic heart disease and 22 healthy subjects (control group)...
September 2014: Heart and Vessels
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