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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053490/paea-accreditation-task-force-briefing-paper-moving-toward-outcomes-based-accreditation
#1
Mary Jo Bondy, Sara Fletcher, Steven Lane
In anticipation of a revision to the Standards for Accreditation, the Phyisician Assistant Education Association (PAEA) charged a small task force to develop a strategy for engaging its members in the revision process. Rather than focusing on the current Standards, the task force members recommend a backward design approach to determine the desired outcomes of a successful revision to the Standards. Ultimately, the group believes that shifting to an outcomes-based model for accreditation will allow for greater innovation in physician assistant education and reduce the strain on programs facing resource limitations, particularly clinical site shortages...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053183/impact-of-recent-medicaid-expansions-on-office-based-primary-care-and-specialty-care-among-the-newly-eligible
#2
Adam I Biener, Samuel H Zuvekas, Steven C Hill
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the effect of Medicaid expansions on office-based care among the newly eligible. DATA SOURCE: 2008-2014 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. STUDY DESIGN: The main sample is adults age 26-64 with incomes ≤138% of poverty who were not eligible for Medicaid prior to the Affordable Care Act. For this population, difference-in-differences linear probability models compare utilization between expansion and nonexpansion states and between 2008-2013 and 2014...
October 20, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052518/voluntary-stopping-of-eating-and-drinking-is-medical-support-ethically-justified
#3
Ralf J Jox, Isra Black, Gian Domenico Borasio, Johanna Anneser
BACKGROUND: Physician-assisted dying has been the subject of extensive discussion and legislative activity both in Europe and North America. In this context, dying by voluntary stopping of eating and drinking (VSED) is often proposed, and practiced, as an alternative method of self-determined dying, with medical support for VSED being regarded as ethically and legally justified. ARGUMENT: In our opinion, this view is flawed. First, we argue that VSED falls within the concept of suicide, albeit with certain unique features (non-invasiveness, initial reversibility, resemblance to the natural dying process)...
October 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052454/surgical-ethics-today-and-tomorrow
#4
Robert M Sade, Minoo N Kavarana
Ethical behavior has always been deeply ingrained in surgical culture, but ethical deliberation has only recently become an important component of cardiac surgical practice. In our earlier review, we covered a range of issues including several related to informed consent, conflict of interest, professional self-regulation and innovation, among many others. This update covers several topics of interest to cardiac surgeons and cardiologists, focusing on controversial issues specific to the practice of cardiothoracic surgery: informed consent, relations with hospitals and euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide...
October 20, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049256/learning-from-clinical-experience-with-necrotizing-fasciitis-treatment-and-management
#5
Yukun Liu, Ke Guo, Jiaming Sun
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information about necrotizing fasciitis (NF), how to recognize it, and evidence-based treatment. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to: ABSTRACT: Necrotizing fasciitis is a threatening, rapidly progressive, infectious disease of the soft tissue...
November 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047322/trends-in-primary-care-provision-to-medicare-beneficiaries-by-physicians-nurse-practitioners-or-physician-assistants-2008-2014
#6
Ying Xue, James S Goodwin, Deepak Adhikari, Mukaila A Raji, Yong-Fang Kuo
OBJECTIVES: To document the temporal trends in alternative primary care models in which physicians, nurse practitioners (NPs), or physician assistants (PAs) engaged in care provision to the elderly, and examine the role of these models in serving elders with multiple chronic conditions and those residing in rural and health professional shortage areas (HPSAs). DESIGN: Serial cross-sectional analysis of Medicare claims data for years 2008, 2011, and 2014. SETTING: Primary care outpatient setting...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043935/an-analysis-of-physician-assistant-libguides-a-tool-for-collection-development
#7
Catherine V Johnson, Scott Y Johnson
The Physician Assistant (PA) specialty encompasses many subject areas and requires many types of library resources. An analysis of PA LibGuides was performed to determine most frequently recommended resources. A sample of LibGuides from U.S. institutions accredited by the Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant (ARC-PA) was included in this study. Resources presented on guides were tabulated and organized by resource type. Databases and point-of-care tools were the types of resources listed by the most LibGuides...
October 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033297/no-easy-way-out-a-case-of-physician-assisted-dying-in-the-emergency-department
#8
David H Wang
Currently, 1 out of 6 Americans lives within a jurisdiction in which physician-assisted dying is legally authorized. In most cases, patients ingest lethal physician-assisted dying medications at home without involvement of emergency medical services (EMS) or the emergency department (ED). However, occasionally the dying process is interrupted as a result of incomplete ingestion or vomiting of medications, confusion about timing of dying trajectory, familial emotional distress, and other variables. A case is presented here of a patient who arrived by ambulance to an urban ED after ingesting physician-assisted dying medication...
October 12, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032120/the-ethical-conundrum-of-supervising-physician-assistants-at-a-distant-site
#9
Preeti Jhorar, Sunil H Adwani, Jane M Grant-Kels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025681/physician-assistants-and-nurse-practitioners-in-ophthalmology-has-the-time-come
#10
EDITORIAL
David J Browning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020794/primary-care-teams-and-pharmacist-staffing-ratios-is-there-a-magic-number
#11
Marie A Smith
Primary care physician (PCP) shortages are predicted for 2025, and many workforce models have recommended the expanded integration of nurse practitioners and physician assistants. However, there has been little consideration of incorporating clinical pharmacists on primary care teams to address the growing number of patient visits that involve medication optimization and management. This article summarizes various estimates of pharmacist staffing ratios based on number of PCPs, patient panel size, or annual patient encounters...
October 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983787/morally-relevant-similarities-and-differences-between-assisted-dying-practices-in-paradigm-and-non-paradigm-circumstances-could-they-inform-regulatory-decisions
#12
Jeffrey Kirby
There has been contentious debate over the years about whether there are morally relevant similarities and differences between the three practices of continuous deep sedation until death, physician-assisted suicide, and voluntary euthanasia. Surprisingly little academic attention has been paid to a comparison of the uses of these practices in the two types of circumstances in which they are typically performed. A comparative domains of ethics analysis methodological approach is used in the paper to compare 1) the use of the three practices in paradigm circumstances, and 2) the use of the practices in paradigm circumstances to their use in non-paradigm circumstances...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983431/evaluation-of-policy-options-for-increasing-the-availability-of-primary-care-services-in-rural-washington-state
#13
Mark W Friedberg, Grant R Martsolf, Chapin White, David I Auerbach, Ryan Kandrack, Rachel O Reid, Emily Butcher, Hao Yu, Simon Hollands, Xiaoyu Nie
The Washington State legislature has recently considered several policy options to address a perceived shortage of primary care physicians in rural Washington. These policy options include opening the new Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine at Washington State University in 2017; increasing the number of primary care residency positions in the state; expanding educational loan-repayment incentives to encourage primary care physicians to practice in rural Washington; increasing Medicaid payment rates for primary care physicians in rural Washington; and encouraging the adoption of alternative models of primary care, such as medical homes and nurse-managed health centers, that reallocate work from physicians to nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs)...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982205/-how-to-become-a-respiratory-therapist-in-germany-status-quo-and-development-prospects
#14
O Karg
The profession respiratory therapist is well established in Germany 10 years after the introduction. 600 participants have successfully graduated from the training facilities.Our goals are high quality interprofessional teamwork and medical assistance inclusive delegation of formerly physician activities. The duties are comparable to the work pattern of Technical Assistants in surgery. For this profession different ways of qualification are possible: primary training, advanced training and academic studies Physician Assistance...
October 5, 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978488/icu-team-composition-and-its-association-with-abcde-implementation-in-a-quality-collaborative
#15
Deena Kelly Costa, Thomas S Valley, Melissa A Miller, Milisa Manojlovich, Sam R Watson, Phyllis McLellan, Corine Pope, Robert C Hyzy, Theodore J Iwashyna
PURPOSE: Awakening, Breathing Coordination, Delirium, and Early Mobility bundle (ABCDE) should involve an interprofessional team, yet no studies describe what team composition supports implementation. MATERIALS & METHODS: We administered a survey at MHA Keystone Center ICU 2015 workshop. We measured team composition by the frequency of nurse, respiratory therapist, physician, physical therapist, nurse practitioner/physician assistant or nursing assistant involvement in 1) spontaneous awakening trials (SATs), 2) spontaneous breathing trials, 3) delirium and 4) early mobility...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975245/physician-assisted-suicide-finding-a-path-forward-in-a-changing-legal-environment
#16
Timothy E Quill, Robert M Arnold, Stuart J Youngner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975242/ethics-and-the-legalization-of-physician-assisted-suicide-an-american-college-of-physicians-position-paper
#17
Lois Snyder Sulmasy, Paul S Mueller
Calls to legalize physician-assisted suicide have increased and public interest in the subject has grown in recent years despite ethical prohibitions. Many people have concerns about how they will die and the emphasis by medicine and society on intervention and cure has sometimes come at the expense of good end-of-life care. Some have advocated strongly, on the basis of autonomy, that physician-assisted suicide should be a legal option at the end of life. As a proponent of patient-centered care, the American College of Physicians (ACP) is attentive to all voices, including those who speak of the desire to control when and how life will end...
October 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975201/the-slippery-slope-of-legalization-of-physician-assisted-suicide
#18
William G Kussmaul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972385/emerging-models-of-dental-practice-aim-at-addressing-needs-of-the-aged
#19
Frank Catalanotto, Jane Koppelman, Judith Haber
Currently, about 46 million seniors, citizens over the age of 65, live in the United States. That number is expected to roughly double to more than 98 million by 2060, an increase from the current 15% of the population to 24%. Seniors are living longer and, due to advances in dental care and access to fluoridated water, keeping more of their teeth. As a result, many will be seeking to access services through a dental care delivery system that is already struggling to meet existing need. This article will describe emerging oral health workforce models, as well as interprofessional team approaches, that may help improve access to the growing population of senior citizens...
October 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961630/preserving-50-years-of-physician-assistant-history
#20
Reginald D Carter, Ruth Ballweg, Lori Konopka-Sauer
Physician assistants (PAs) have been making history for 50 years. For the past 15 years, the PA History (PAHx) Society has been working to make sure this history is not lost. The Society began in 2002 as a membership organization based at Duke University and since 2011 has been a supporting organization of the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants (NCCPA). Highly visible and active in the PA community, the Society encourages all PAs to understand their professional history and embrace it as a part of their professional identity...
October 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
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