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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727593/understanding-moisture-associated-skin-damage-medical-adhesive-related-skin-injuries-and-skin-tears
#1
Karen Zulkowski
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information on superficial skin issues related to moisture-associated skin damage, medical adhesive-related skin injury, and skin tears. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1...
August 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722636/physician-assistants-and-the-expanding-global-health-care-workforce
#2
Tara J Rick, Ruth Ballweg
The physician assistant and other types of medical providers with accelerated and focused training were developed to serve the specific health-care needs of individual countries. They have an important role in providing care globally in response to physician shortages. Working in over 50 nations, these clinicians increase access to team-based health care. This perspective explores the successes and challenges of these professionals as an international community. Steps are proposed to increase global awareness and acceptance of these professionals including platforms to increase discussion, scholarly activity, and collaboration...
June 26, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720425/toward-best-practices-for-surgical-morbidity-and-mortality-conferences-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Marit S de Vos, Perla J Marang-van de Mheen, Ann D Smith, Danny Mou, Edward E Whang, Jaap F Hamming
OBJECTIVE: To assess formats for surgical morbidity and mortality conferences (M&M) for strengths and challenges. DESIGN: A mixed methods approach with local observations to assess key domains of M&M practice (i.e., goals, structure, and process/content) and surveys to assess participants' expectations and experiences. SETTING: Surgical departments of two teaching hospitals (Boston, USA and Leiden, Netherlands). PARTICIPANTS: Participants of surgical M&M, including attending surgeons, residents, physician assistants, and medical students (total n = 135)...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716704/-psychosocial-working-conditions-of-physician-assistants-results-from-a-qualitative-study-on-occupational-stress-resources-possible-approaches-to-prevention-and-intervention-needs
#4
Patricia Vu-Eickmann, Adrian Loerbroks
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have documented adverse psychosocial working conditions among health care staff. Working conditions may not only impair the health outcomes of this professional group, but can also affect the quality of care they deliver to patients. Previous work stress research has mainly focused on physicians and nurses. Comparable evidence remains limited, however, for physician assistants (Medizinische Fachangestellte, MFAs), who represent the largest professional group in German primary care...
July 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716621/healthcare-professionals-attitudes-about-physician-assisted-death-an-analysis-of-their-justifications-and-the-roles-of-terminology-and-patient-competency
#5
Derek W Braverman, Brian S Marcus, Paul G Wakim, Mark R Mercurio, Gary S Kopf
CONTEXT: Healthcare professionals (HCPs) are crucial to physician-assisted death (PAD) provision. OBJECTIVES: To quantitatively assess the favorability of justifications for or against PAD legalization among HCPs, the effect of the terms "suicide" and "euthanasia" on their views, and their support for three forms of PAD. METHODS: Our questionnaire presented three cases: physician-assisted suicide, euthanasia for a competent patient, and euthanasia for an incompetent patient with an advance directive for euthanasia...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716613/a-novel-use-of-peer-coaching-to-teach-primary-palliative-care-skills-coaching-consultation
#6
Juliet Jacobsen, Corrine Alexander-Cole, Bethany-Rose Daubman, Dejani Banerji, Joe Greer, Karen o'Brien, Kathleen Doyle, Vicki Jackson
BACKGROUND: We aim to address palliative care workforce shortages by teaching clinicians how to provide primary palliative care through peer coaching. INTERVENTION: We offered peer coaching to internal medicine residents and hospitalists (attendings, nurse practioners, and physician assistants). MEASUREMENTS: An audit of peer coaching encounters and coachee feedback to better understand the applicability of peer coaching in the inpatient setting to teach primary palliative care...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711345/working-at-the-intersection-of-context-culture-and-technology-provider-perspectives-on-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-the-emergency-department-using-electronic-health-record-clinical-decision-support
#7
Phillip Chung, Jean Scandlyn, Peter S Dayan, Rakesh D Mistry
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs) have not been fully developed for the emergency department (ED), in part the result of the barriers characteristic of this setting. Electronic health record-based clinical decision support (EHR CDS) represents a promising strategy to implement ASPs in the ED. We aimed to determine the cultural beliefs and structural barriers and facilitators to implementation of antimicrobial stewardship in the pediatric ED using EHR CDS. METHODS: Interviews and focus groups were conducted with hospital and ED leadership, attending ED physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and residents at a single health system in Colorado...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707258/-connecting-the-dots-a-qualitative-study-of-home-health-nurse-perspectives-on-coordinating-care-for-recently-discharged-patients
#8
Christine D Jones, Jacqueline Jones, Angela Richard, Kathryn Bowles, Dana Lahoff, Rebecca S Boxer, Frederick A Masoudi, Eric A Coleman, Heidi L Wald
BACKGROUND: In 2012, nearly one-third of adults 65 years or older with Medicare discharged to home after hospitalization were referred for home health care (HHC) services. Care coordination between the hospital and HHC is frequently inadequate and may contribute to medication errors and readmissions. Insights from HHC nurses could inform improvements to care coordination. OBJECTIVE: To describe HHC nurse perspectives about challenges and solutions to coordinating care for recently discharged patients...
July 13, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699936/clinician-attitudes-regarding-icd-deactivation-in-dnr-dni-patients
#9
Andrew Bradley, Adam Marks
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) offer lifesaving therapies but can become burdensome at the end of life. Many ICD patients choose to implement a do-not-resuscitate/do-not-intubate (DNR/DNI) order. When hospitalized, patients are seen by a range of clinicians whose beliefs about ICD management in DNR/DNI patients may vary. OBJECTIVE: To assess clinician opinions on managing ICDs in DNR/DNI patients and stratify it by specialty and training level...
July 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698703/why-are-suicide-rates-climbing-after-years-of-decline
#10
Nancy Valko
There is evidence that the increasing rates of suicide can be linked to the legalization of physician-assisted suicide. Factors such as suicide contagion and the increasing positive media reporting on such suicides are also relevant and have led to different standards of treatment for suicidal people who claim the right to have their suicides medically assisted.
May 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698702/six-questions-about-physician-assisted-death-from-a-conscientious-objector
#11
Ewan C Goligher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698344/the-involvement-of-physician-assistants-in-inpatient-care-in-hospitals-in-the-netherlands-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#12
Marijke J C Timmermans, Geert T van den Brink, Anneke J A H van Vught, Eddy Adang, Charles L H van Berlo, Kim van Boxtel, Weibel W Braunius, Loes Janssen, Alyssa Venema, Frits J van den Wildenberg, Michel Wensing, Miranda G H Laurant
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of substitution of inpatient care from medical doctors (MDs) to physician assistants (PAs). DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness analysis embedded within a multicentre, matched-controlled study. The traditional model in which only MDs are employed for inpatient care (MD model) was compared with a mixed model in which, besides MDs, PAs are also employed (PA/MD model). SETTING: 34 hospital wards across the Netherlands...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694704/health-care-provider-experience-with-canagliflozin-in-real-world-clinical-practice-favorability-treatment-patterns-and-patient-outcomes
#13
Susan C Bolge, Natalia M Flores, Shu Huang, Jennifer Cai
PURPOSE: This study describes how health care providers approach canagliflozin for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the real world. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An Internet-based questionnaire was completed by 101 endocrinologists, 101 primary care physicians, and 100 nurse practitioners/physician assistants (NP/PAs). Health care providers were required to have experience prescribing or managing patients using canagliflozin to be included in the study...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693334/impact-of-hospital-wide-comprehensive-pain-management-initiatives
#14
Paula E Lester, Janet Shehata, Melissa Fazzari, Shahidul Islam
This project aimed to improve pain management through clinician education, updated assessment tools, computer resources, and improved ordering and delivery systems. Clinicians were surveyed and results analyzed using Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney testing and χ(2) testing. Prescribing patterns were evaluated by comparing proportions of prescription orders and dose intervals. Cochran-Armitage Trend Test was used for linear trends in proportion of prescription orders over time. Knowledge scores improved significantly for nurses ( P = ...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693329/a-novel-approach-to-improving-patient-experience-in-orthopedics
#15
Spencer M Stein, Sarav S Shah, Alanna Carcich, Marlena McGill, Isaac Gammal, Michael Langino, Thomas Mauri
The patient experience domain comprises a significant portion of the Hospital Value-Based Purchasing program. This study investigated whether an intervention focusing on attending physician awareness, resident and physician assistant education, and multidisciplinary patient-centric care had an effect on patient perceived physician communication and overall hospital ratings. Responses to the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems survey were reviewed in 2014 and 2015. Patients' perceptions that the physician explained their condition in ways they understood and the overall hospital rating improved significantly after implantation of the model ( P < ...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675269/-new-therapeutics
#16
Adriana Iacob Popescu, Liz Coronado, Aikaterini Efstathopoulou, Daniele Frisone, Gian-Marco Stamm, Javier Torralvo, Luc Barberini, Pierre-Auguste Petignat
Daily medical practice triggers reflexes in the use of drugs which must nevertheless always be adapted to new knowledge. Physician assistants and residents in the clinical ward of Internal Medicine of Sion Hospital summarize six recently published clinical treatments to which primary care physicians or in hospital-based internal medicine have to pay a particular attention. Quinolones are widely used but associated with QT interval widening, morphine delays and attenuate ticagrelor action in patients with myocardial infarction, evolocumab, a monoclonal antibody impact in reducing lipids and cardiovascular events, impact of statins on influenza vaccine effectiveness, vitamin D treatment for the prevention of functional decline, high dose dexamethasone for the treatment of immune thrombocytopenia...
September 7, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662526/-psychosocial-working-conditions-and-quality-of-care-results-of-a-qualitative-study-among-physician-assistants-mfas
#17
Patricia Vu-Eickmann, Adrian Loerbroks
Background Working conditions may not only impair the health of health care staff, but also the quality of delivered patient care. Evidence for this in relation to physician assistants remains limited despite the fact that they represent the largest professional group in German primary care and perform occupational tasks that are highly relevant to the quality of patient care. This study aimed to gain insights into the potential relationship of working conditions with the quality of care. Methods Participants were recruited from a randomized sample of medical practices in and around the city of Düsseldorf (Germany) and with support from the medical health care staff association (VMF e...
June 29, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660150/expanding-treatment-access-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-with-task-shifting-in-the-era-of-direct-acting-antivirals
#18
REVIEW
Eric R Yoo, Ryan B Perumpail, George Cholankeril, Channa R Jayasekera, Aijaz Ahmed
In the United States, the fight to eradicate hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been ongoing for many years, but the results have been less than ideal. Historically, patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) were treated with interferon-based regimens, which were associated with frequent adverse effects, suboptimal response rates, and long durations of treatment - of up to 48 weeks. Expertise from specialist-physicians, such as hepatologists and gastroenterologists, was needed to closely follow patients on these medications so as to monitor laboratory values and manage adverse effects...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659157/supporting-medication-discontinuation-provider-preferences-for-interventions-to-facilitate-deprescribing
#19
Amy Linsky, Mark Meterko, Kelly Stolzmann, Steven R Simon
BACKGROUND: One approach to prevent adverse drug events is to discontinue ("deprescribe") medications that are outdated, not indicated, or of limited benefit relative to risk for a particular patient. However, there is little guidance to clinicians about how to integrate the process of deprescribing into the workflow of clinical practice. We sought to determine clinical prescribers' preferences for interventions that would improve their ability to appropriately and proactively discontinue medications...
June 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655802/benefits-and-limitations-of-text-messages-to-stimulate-higher-learning-among-community-providers-participants-views-of-an-mhealth-intervention-to-support-continuing-medical-education-in-vietnam
#20
Lora L Sabin, Anna Larson Williams, Bao Ngoc Le, Augusta R Herman, Ha Viet Nguyen, Rebecca R Albanese, Wenjun Xiong, Hezekiah Oa Shobiye, Nafisa Halim, Lien Thi Ngoc Tran, Marion McNabb, Hai Hoang, Ariel Falconer, Tam Thi Thanh Nguyen, Christopher J Gill
BACKGROUND: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 2015 to evaluate a mobile continuing medical education (mCME) intervention that provided daily text messages to community-based physicians' assistants (CBPAs) in Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam. Although the intervention failed to improve medical knowledge over a 6-month period, a companion qualitative study provided insights on the views and experiences of intervention participants. METHODS: We conducted focus group discussions (FGDs) and in-depth interviews (IDIs) among participants randomized to receive text messages containing either simple medical facts or quiz questions...
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
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