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Atrial septal defect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145433/maternal-folic-acid-supplementation-and-dietary-folate-intake-and-congenital-heart-defects
#1
Baohong Mao, Jie Qiu, Nan Zhao, Yawen Shao, Wei Dai, Xiaochun He, Hongmei Cui, Xiaojuan Lin, Ling Lv, Zhongfeng Tang, Sijuan Xu, Huang Huang, Min Zhou, Xiaoying Xu, Weitao Qiu, Qing Liu, Yawei Zhang
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that folic acid supplementation before and/or during pregnancy could reduce the risk of congenital heart defects (CHDs). However, the results from limited epidemiologic studies have been inconclusive. We investigated the associations between maternal folic acid supplementation, dietary folate intake, and the risk of CHDs. METHODS: A birth cohort study was conducted in 2010-2012 at the Gansu Provincial Maternity & Child Care Hospital in Lanzhou, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145231/right-atrial-ball-thrombus-associated-with-atrial-septal-occluder-device-a-late-complication-of-transcatheter-atrial-septal-defect-closure
#2
Belma Kalaycı, Süleyman Kalaycı
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142815/multifactorial-genesis-of-a-seeming-case-of-pulmonary-hypertension
#3
Rita Leonarda Musci, Lucrezia De Michele, Carlo D'Agostino, Paolo Colonna
Herein, we report the case of a 44-year-old female with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis. She was admitted to our hospital to evaluate if she was eligible for a kidney transplant. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a markedly dilated coronary sinus and an unexpected finding of increased right ventriculoatrial gradient. A saline contrast echocardiography to confirm the presence of persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) was not performed because of arteriovenous fistula (FAV) for hemodialysis on the left forearm...
October 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142768/a-rare-double-aneuploidy-case-down-klinefelter
#4
Sevcan Tug Bozdogan, Atil Bisgin
Down's syndrome has its own dysmorphic findings and is accompanied by mental retardation and hypotonia. Klinefelter's syndrome is a syndrome caused by a numerical abnormality that affects male physical and cognitive development. This case reports a unique finding of 48,XXY, + 21 and a current literature review. A 4-month-old male patient presented with typical clinical features of Down's syndrome with hypothyroidism, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, and patent ductus arteriosus without any phenotypic signs of Klinefelter's syndrome...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138879/predictive-factors-for-patients-undergoing-asd-device-occlusion-who-crossover-to-surgery
#5
Venkatachalam Mulukutla, Athar M Qureshi, Ricardo Pignatelli, Frank F Ing
The aim of this study was to define characteristics of those patients who are referred for device closure of an Atrial septal defect (ASD), but identified to "crossover" surgery. All patients who underwent surgical and device (Amplatzer or Helex occluder) closures of secundum ASDs from 2001 to 2010 were reviewed and organized into three groups: surgical closure, device closure, and "crossover" group. 369 patients underwent ASD closure (265 device, 104 surgical). 42 of the 265 patients referred for device closure "crossed over" to the surgical group at various stages of the catheterization procedure...
November 15, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137093/an-incidental-encounter-of-a-rare-high-take-off-right-coronary-artery-a-case-report
#6
Xicheng Deng, Peng Huang, Wenjuan Chen, Xiaohui Yang, Qianjun Liu, Yunbin Xiao, Cheng He
RATIONALE: High take-off of the coronary arteries is a rare cardiac anatomic anomaly, which may occur independently or with other congenital heart defects. In the clinical setting, it is noteworthy as a cause of sudden cardiac death. Further, it is vital to identify such anomalies to avoid intraoperative catastrophes in surgeries for congenital heart defects. PATIENT CONCERNS: A II/6 systolic heart murmur on physical examination was incidentally found in a 9-year-old boy; he was confirmed to have a secundum-type atrial septal defect on echocardiography...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134535/current-status-of-cardiovascular-surgery-in-japan-2013-and-2014-a%C3%A2-report-based-on-the-japan-cardiovascular-surgery-database-2-congenital-heart-surgery
#7
Yasutaka Hirata, Norimichi Hirahara, Arata Murakami, Noboru Motomura, Hiroaki Miyata, Shinichi Takamoto
OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the mortality and morbidity of congenital heart surgery in Japan using the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCVSD). METHODS: Data regarding congenital heart surgery performed between January 2013 and December 2014 were obtained from JCVSD. The 20 most frequent procedures were selected and the mortality rates and major morbidities were analyzed. RESULTS: The mortality rates of atrial septal defect repair and ventricular septal defect repair were less than 1%, and the mortality rates of tetralogy of Fallot repair, complete atrioventricular septal defect repair, bidirectional Glenn, and total cavopulmonary connection were less than 2%...
November 13, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131284/usefulness-of-cutting-balloon-angioplasty-for-the-treatment-of-congenital-heart-defects
#8
Jacek Kusa, Magdalena Mazurak, Agnieszka Skierska, Leslaw Szydlowski, Pawel Czesniewicz, Lukasz Manka
BACKGROUND: Patients with complex congenital heart defects may have different hemodynamic problems which require a variety of interventional procedures including angioplasty which involves using high-pressure balloons. After failure of conventional balloon angioplasty cutting balloon angioplasty is the next treatment option available. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of cutting balloon angioplasty in children with different types of congenital heart defects...
November 13, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129255/regional-variation-in-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-a-fontan-circulation-a-multinational-perspective
#9
Nicholas D Fogleman, Silke Apers, Philip Moons, Stacey Morrison, Samuel G Wittekind, Martha Tomlin, Kathy Gosney, Maayke A Sluman, Bengt Johansson, Junko Enomoto, Mikael Dellborg, Chun-Wei Lu, Raghavan Subramanyan, Koen Luyckx, Werner Budts, Jamie Jackson, Adrienne Kovacs, Alexandra Soufi, Katrine Eriksen, Corina Thomet, Malin Berghammer, Edward Callus, Susan M Fernandes, Maryanne Caruana, Stephen C Cook, Andrew S Mackie, Kamila S White, Paul Khairy, Shelby Kutty, Gruschen Veldtman
BACKGROUND: Impaired quality of life (QOL) is associated with congenital heart disease (CHD) and country of residence; however, few studies have compared QOL in patients with differing complexities of CHD across regional populations. The current study examined regional variation in QOL outcomes in a large multinational sample of patients with a Fontan relative to patients with atrial septal defects (ASDs) and ventricular septal defects (VSDs). METHODS: From the Assessment of Patterns of Patient-Reported Outcomes in Adults with Congenital Heart disease-International Study (APPROACH-IS), 405 patients (163 Fontan and 242 ASD/VSD) across Asia, Europe, and North America provided consent for access to their medical records and completed a survey evaluating QOL (0 to 100 linear analog scale)...
November 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126909/-demographic-analysis-of-a-congenital-heart-disease-clinic-of-the-mexican-institute-of-social-security-with-special-interest-in-the-adult
#10
Horacio Márquez-González, Lucelli Yáñez-Gutiérrez, Jimena Lucely Rivera-May, Diana López-Gallegos, Eduardo Almeida-Gutiérrez
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart disease (CHD) has an incidence of 8-10 cases per 1000 live births. In Mexico, there are 18,000-20,000 new cases per year. Most tertiary care centers for CHD attend only pediatric population; the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) has a clinic that attends pediatric and adult population. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the demographic aspects of the CHD clinic of IMSS. METHODS: From 2011 to 2016 a cross-sectional study of the CC clinic of a third level hospital of the IMSS, including all patients with confirmed structural heart disease of recent diagnosis was carried out...
November 7, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125001/hypoxia-due-to-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-edwards-syndrome-a-case-report
#11
Sun Kyung Hoon, Seung-Woo Kang, Sang-Hyun Kwak, Joungmin Kim
Edwards' syndrome also known as trisomy 18 is a congenital disorder associated with cardiovascular issues including ventricular septal defect (VSD), atrial septal defect (ASD) and patent duct arteriosus (PDA). An emergency colostomy was performed on a neonate born with an imperforate anus. Pre-operative transthoracic echocardiography showed presence of VSD, a patent foramen ovale (PFO) or ASD. Even though the baby had a good general condition and optimal peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2), during positive pressure ventilation, she suffered severe hypoxia (50% SpO2)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124030/large-atrial-septal-defect-closure-in-a-patient-with-severe-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#12
Supomo Supomo, Anggoro Budi Hartopo, Dyah Wulan Anggrahini, Handy Darmawan, Lucia Kris Dinarti
Patients with an atrial septal defect (ASD) and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) are considered ineligible for defect closure surgery because of the risk of right ventricular decompensation and death after the operation. We report the case of a patient with large ASD and severe PAH who was able to undergo defect closure surgery successfully following long-term use of combined oral sildenafil and beraprost.
October 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115016/pulmonary-hypertension-in-stiff-left-atrial-syndrome-pathogenesis-and-treatment-in-one
#13
Micha T Maeder, Reto Nägele, Philipp Rohner, Daniel Weilenmann
We present the rare case of a patient with pulmonary hypertension in the context of the stiff left atrial syndrome after extensive catheter ablation, a unique constellation characterized by high pulmonary artery and pulmonary artery wedge pressures due to left atrial dysfunction but normal left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, normal mitral valve, and absence pulmonary vein stenosis. This patient was surprisingly oligosymptomatic, however, which may have been due to a persistent post-puncture atrial septal defect, which may have allowed for controlled left atrial decompression, which is in line with the novel concept of the catheter-based creation of an intracardiac shunt as a treatment for heart failure...
November 8, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114300/an-adult-with-atrial-septal-defect-presenting-with-a-brain-abscess
#14
Bijesh Ravindran Nair, Edmond Jonathan, Ranjith Krishna Moorthy, Vedantam Rajshekhar, Oommen George
The common heart diseases resulting in a brain abscess are associated with a right to left shunt and include tetralogy of Fallot and transposition of great vessels. Atrial septal defect (ASD) is almost always associated with the left to right shunt and therefore is not a commonly considered risk factor for brain abscess. We report the case of a 29-year-old male, with no symptoms of cardiac disease, who presented with the left posterior frontal pyogenic abscess which led to the detection of a silent ASD. Our case emphasizes the need for a careful evaluation of the source of infection in patients with a brain abscess...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111287/transcatheter-closure-of-a-small-atrial-septal-defect-with-an-amplatzer%C3%A2-patent-foramen-ovale-occluder-in-a-working-dog-with-cyanosis-and-exercise-intolerance-at-high-altitude
#15
A Shelden, S Wesselowski, S G Gordon, A B Saunders
A 6.5-year-old male Border Collie presented for transcatheter closure of an atrial septal defect due to exercise intolerance and cyanosis while working and training at altitude. A small, left-to-right shunting secundum atrial septal defect was confirmed with no evidence of significant right-sided volume overload. Pulmonary hypertension with subsequent right-to-left interatrial shunting occurring during exercise at high altitude was suspected and prompted the closure of the defect due to the dog's continued athletic requirements...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107443/recurrent-strokes-after-gore-septal-occluder-device-closure-of-atrial-septal-defect
#16
Adnan Alhadlaq, Arif Hussain, Camille Hancock Friesen, Santokh Dhillon
We report a case of recurrent strokes in a healthy teenager after complete closure of atrial septal defect with Gore Septal Occluder (W.L. Gore and Associates, Newark, DE) device. The disk of the device produced a friction injury to the left atrial endocardium promoting thrombus formation with subsequent embolization to the brain requiring surgical intervention.
September 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106529/transseptal-puncture-and-catheter-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-with-atrial-septal-occluder-initial-experience-of-a-single-centre
#17
Cai-Hua Sang, Jian-Zeng Dong, De-Yong Long, Rong-Hui Yu, Rong Bai, Mohamed Salim, Ri-Bo Tang, Man Ning, Chen-Xi Jiang, Nian Liu, Song-Nan Li, Song-Nan Wen, Jia-Hui Wu, Ke Chen, Ying-Wei Chen, Chang-Sheng Ma
Aims: Catheter ablation is underutilized in atrial septal defect (ASD) patients who have undergone implantation of an atrial septal occluder (ASO). This study evaluates the feasibility and safety of catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) in this subset of patients. Methods and results: Sixteen patients (age 56 ± 12 years, 10 men) with drug-refractory AF (10 paroxysmal and 6 persistent) and previously implanted ASO were enrolled. Balloon dilatation of the closure device was performed if the native septum passage could not be achieved...
November 2, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101573/transcatheter-atrial-septal-defect-closure-in-an-infant-body-weight-6-4%C3%A2-kg-using-the-gore-cardioform-septal-occluder-gcso
#18
Roman Scheidmann, Thomas Paul, Matthias Sigler
INTRODUCTION: Transcatheter closure has become the treatment of choice for secundum atrial septal defects (ASD II), but particularly in small children, there is concern regarding procedure-related complications. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report on a 10-month-old infant, body weight of 6.4 kg, with a large ASD who was referred for failure to thrive and dyspnea on exertion. Echocardiography showed two neighboring ASDs centrally located within an atrial septum with a length of 27 mm resulting in significant left-to-right shunting...
November 3, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097111/reduction-of-radiation-exposure-in-transcatheter-atrial-septal-defect-closure-how-low-must-we-go
#19
Fidelio Sitefane, Sophie Malekzadeh-Milani, Olivier Villemain, Magalie Ladouceur, Younes Boudjemline
BACKGROUND: Cardiac catheterization relies on X-ray imaging. Most procedures are now standardized. Interventionists must strive to minimize radiation exposure to reduce the risk of induced cancers. AIMS: To describe the radiation level in our institution, and evaluate the components contributing to radiation exposure, during transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) closure. METHODS: Radiation doses for ASD closure performed between January 2009 and November 2015 were reviewed retrospectively...
October 30, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096902/-paradoxical-embolism-myth-or-reality
#20
P Aubry, H Demian, E Brochet, J-M Juliard
Paradoxical embolism should be suspected in front of a clinical phenomenon of thromboembolism associated with an anatomical right-to-left shunt. Others potential cardiac sources of thromboembolism must be ruled out. Strokes constitute the most frequent clinical manifestations of paradoxical embolism. Right-to-left left shunts are in connection with intracardiac defects (atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale) or pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. The probability that a discovered PFO is stroke-related can be evaluated by a score...
October 30, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
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