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Atrial septal defect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770201/recent-advances-in-managing-septal-defects-ventricular-septal-defects-and-atrioventricular-septal-defects
#1
REVIEW
P Syamasundar Rao, Andrea D Harris
This review discusses the management of ventricular septal defects (VSDs) and atrioventricular septal defects (AVSDs). There are several types of VSDs: perimembranous, supracristal, atrioventricular septal, and muscular. The indications for closure are moderate to large VSDs with enlarged left atrium and left ventricle or elevated pulmonary artery pressure (or both) and a pulmonary-to-systemic flow ratio greater than 2:1. Surgical closure is recommended for large perimembranous VSDs, supracristal VSDs, and VSDs with aortic valve prolapse...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764576/-nipbl-gene-mutations-in-two-children-with-cornelia-de-lange-syndrome
#2
Yun-Jing Zhao, Hong-Wei Ma
Both children (one boy and one girl) experienced disease onset in infancy and visited the hospital due to growth retardation. They had unusual facies including thick hair, arched and confluent eyebrows, long and curly eyelashes, short nose, and micrognathia. Patient 1 had congenital heart disease (atrial septal defect and pulmonary stenosis) and special dermatoglyph (a single palmar crease). Patient 2 had cleft palate and moderate-to-severe deafness. Clinical features suggested Cornelia de Lange syndrome in both children...
May 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762087/genomics-and-epigenomics-of-congenital-heart-defects-expert-review-and-lessons-learned-in-africa
#3
Nicholas Ekow Thomford, Kevin Dzobo, Nana Akyaa Yao, Emile Chimusa, Jonathan Evans, Emmanuel Okai, Paul Kruszka, Maximilian Muenke, Gordon Awandare, Ambroise Wonkam, Collet Dandara
Congenital heart defects (CHD) are structural malformations found at birth with a prevalence of 1%. The clinical trajectory of CHD is highly variable and thus in need of robust diagnostics and therapeutics. Major surgical interventions are often required for most CHDs. In Africa, despite advances in life sciences infrastructure and improving education of medical scholars, the limited clinical data suggest that CHD detection and correction are still not at par with the rest of the world. But the toll and genetics of CHDs in Africa has seldom been systematically investigated...
May 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756685/evaluation-of-right-ventricular-myocardial-strains-by-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-after-percutaneous-device-closure-of-atrial-septal-defects-in-children
#4
Qiuqin Xu, Ling Sun, Wanping Zhou, Yunjia Tang, Yueyue Ding, Jie Huang, Hui Wang, Cui Hou, Haitao Lv
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to clarify the influence of the ASD closure by occluder device on right ventricular acute and long-term changes in longitudinal systolic strains, by evaluating right ventricular wall deformation in children using speckle tracking echocardiography (STE). METHODS AND MATERIALS: We enrolled 30 children with ASDs and 40 controls in our study. The Amplatzer atrial defect occluder was used to close the ASDs. Transthoracic echocardiographic examinations were performed at 3 points in time: the day before closure, 1 day after closure, and 3 months after closure...
May 14, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756329/a-patient-with-an-unusual-cyst-of-the-inter-atrial-septum-and-atrial-sepal-defect
#5
Daye Dong, Tongwei Zhu, Xingan Yang, Jia Zhu
Hepatic and renal cysts are relatively common among healthy people, but there are few published reports of primary cysts of the atrial septum. Here, we report a case of an unusual cyst of the atrial septum accompanied by atrial septal defect (ASD) in a 42-year-old woman. Microscopic examination showed the deposition of calcium salts within the tissue mass and an organized thrombus surrounded by a fibrous capsule. The case was discussed with reference to the relevant published literature and compared to other documented types of atrial septal cysts...
May 14, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755946/iatrogenic-atrial-septal-defect-with-right-to-left-shunt-following-atrial-fibrillation-ablation-in-a-patient-with-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy
#6
Adam Lee, Vaikom S Mahadevan, Edward P Gerstenfeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: HeartRhythm Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755625/minimal-invasive-technique-in-atrial-septal-defect-surgery
#7
Feridoun Sabzi, Reza Faraji, Mahmood Kazeminasab
Background: Median sternotomy with minimal skin incision (MSWMSI) and modified anterior mini-thoracotomy (MAMT) approach that both are innovative techniques modified from previous documented techniques are important alternative to conventional median sternotomy in atrial septal defect (ASD) repair. Our aim is to explain the details of two performed techniques in our center and explain the results. Methods: Totally 54 children with ASD (20 female and 34 male) were operated with two different techniques i...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755093/-concomitant-atrial-septal-defect-closure-and-repair-of-pectus-excavatum-in-a-50-year-old-patient-report-of-a-case
#8
Atsushi Tamura, Hajime Kinoshita, Kei Kazuno, Hiroshige Sato, Seiichiro Murata, Hiroshi Iida
We report a case of atrial septal defect (ASD) with severe pectus excavatum. A 50-year-old female had a stroke due to paradoxical embolism from deep vein thrombosis thorough ASD. Her preoperative computed tomography(CT) revealed a severe pectus excavatum (Haller CT index 28.6). The patient underwent ASD closure and repair of the pectus excavatum concomitantly. Median full sternotomy was performed for ASD closure. And we adopted sterno-costal elevation for pectus excavatum repair. Cartilages of the 3rd to the 7th rib were segmentally resected and the remainders were re-sutured to the sternum...
May 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753092/sex-differences-for-major-congenital-heart-defects-in-down-syndrome-a-population-based-study
#9
Michele Santoro, Alessio Coi, Isabella Spadoni, Fabrizio Bianchi, Anna Pierini
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome (DS) is the most common autosomal chromosomal anomaly in liveborn infants. About 40% of infants with DS have a major congenital heart defect (CHD). Among them, atrioventricular septal defects (AVSD), atrial septal defects (ASD), ventricular septal defect (VSD) and Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) are the most common. The aim of this study was to estimate the sex difference in the occurrence of CHD in infants with DS comparing it with non-DS infants. METHOD: Live birth cases of DS diagnosed by the first year of life were extracted from the Registry of Congenital Anomalies of Tuscany (2003-2015 period)...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749644/-gigantic-biatrial-myxoma-with-right-heart-functional-impairment
#10
Julián Vega Adauy, Luigi Gabrielli, Samuel Córdova, Paul McNab, Rodrigo Saavedra, Marta Piñeiro, Ricardo Zalaquett
Cardiac myxomas are frequently located in the left or right atria, with multiple locations being rare. We report a 59-year-old healthy female with 5 months of cough and exertional dyspnea. A transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) exhibits a 9 × 5 cm nonpedunculated tumor arising from the interatrial septum (IAS) and inhabiting both atria, but was unable to depict the relation with the IAS. Transesophageal echocardiography exposes a single tumor crossing the IAS through an ostium secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) causing right heart functional impairment...
May 11, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744001/rapid-left-ventricular-recovery-after-correction-of-a-secundum-atrial-septal-defect-understanding-the-hemodynamics
#11
Akanksha N Thakkar, Mahwash Kassi, C Huie Lin
Closure of an atrial septal defect (ASD) may lead to a change in the function of both ventricles. Although right ventricular function typically improves, the left ventricle (LV) may behave in different ways. This has been a matter of much debate, with some authors reporting a decline in LV function after ASD closure and others reporting delayed improvement or no identifiable change. We report the case of a 41-year-old female with a large left-to-right ASD shunt (Qp:Qs 2.3:1 and shunt volume 3.6 L/min) who presented with biventricular systolic dysfunction that improved within 24 hours of ASD closure...
July 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743916/hybrid-muscular-ventricular-septal-defect-closure-in-a-4-5-kg-infant-followed-by-sildenafil-treatment-and-transcatheter-atrial-septal-defect-occlusion
#12
Michal Galeczka, Roland Fiszer, Szymon Pawlak, Joanna Sliwka, Linda Litwin, Malgorzata Szkutnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743909/improvement-of-physical-capacity-in-patients-undergoing-transcatheter-closure-of-atrial-septal-defects
#13
Paweł Prochownik, Tadeusz Przewłocki, Piotr Podolec, Piotr Wilkołek, Bartosz Sobień, Urszula Gancarczyk, Natalia Podolec, Monika Komar
Introduction: Atrial septal defect (ASD) is the most common congenital cardiac anomaly diagnosed in adults. It often remains asymptomatic until the fourth or fifth decade of life. Significant left-to-right interatrial shunting is associated with the risk of heart failure, pulmonary hypertension and atrial fibrillation. Percutaneous ASD closure is a recognized method of treatment. Aim: To evaluate the clinical outcomes and physical capacity in patients undergoing transcatheter closure of ostium secundum ASD...
2018: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742737/inadvertent-defibrillator-lead-placement-into-the-left-ventricle-after-mitraclip-implantation-a-case-report
#14
Giuseppe Santarpia, Francesco Passafaro, Eugenia Pasceri, Annalisa Mongiardo, Antonio Curcio, Ciro Indolfi
RATIONALE: Inadvertent pacemaker/defibrillator lead placement into the left ventricle is an unusual cardiac device-related complication and its diagnosis is not always easy and often misunderstood. Thromboembolic events are frequently associated with this procedural complication. Percutaneous lead extraction should be performed when diagnosis is made early after device implantation while long-life oral anticoagulation is a wise option when the diagnosis is delayed and the lead is not removed...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739762/delayed-recurrent-pleuropericardial-effusions-following-atrial-septal-defect-closure-with-amplatzer-septal-occluder-device-a-case-of-postpericardiotomy-syndrome
#15
Grace Ghtk Kwok, Rachel Witts, Alessandra Frigiola
The authors present the case of a 41-year-old woman, who presented with moderate pericardial effusion and bilateral pleural effusion 11 months following a secundum atrial septal defect closure with an Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO) device. The acute presentation responded well to diuretics and a short course of corticosteroid therapy. The patient, however, continued to experience pleuritic chest pain and a recurrence of pericardial effusion a month later. The patient showed significant symptomatic improvement with a 2-month course of down-titrating prednisolone...
May 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731834/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-postoperative-intestinal-perforation-in-infants-and-young-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-report-of-three-cases
#16
Yong-Hong Zhang, Zhen-Liang Chen, Lei Shi, Zhong-Jian Chen, Xiang-Yang Dong, Bo Zhai
The aim of the present study was to analyze risk factors of intestinal perforation following surgery for the treatment of congenital heart disease in infants and young children, and to summarize experiences of diagnosis and treatment. A total of 3,270 children, who underwent congenital heart disease surgery under extracorporeal circulation from January 2010 to July 2015, were retrospectively analyzed. Among these children, three (0.09%) developed postoperative intestinal perforation. Primary diseases were Tetralogy of Fallot (two cases) and ventricular septal defect combined with atrial septal defect (one case)...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731051/a-70-year-old-woman-with-a-prosthetic-mitral-valve-and-sudden-chest-pain
#17
María José Romero-Castro, Tania Seoane-García, Marinela Chaparro-Muñoz, Rafael García-Borbolla, Juan C García-Rubira
A 70-year-old woman presented to the ED with oppressive ongoing chest pain that had lasted for 1 hour and was accompanied by intense sweating. The patient had a previous history of bronchial asthma, severe degenerative mitral regurgitation, and an ostium secundum atrial septal defect that had been treated 6 years ago with a prosthetic mechanical mitral valve, Bicarbon 25, and an atrial septal defect closure. She was being treated with ciclesonide, tiotropium bromide, olodaterol, theophylline, and warfarin, adjusted according to the international normalized ratio...
May 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730753/a-new-method-of-tracheoesophageal-fistula-treatment-using-an-atrial-septal-defect-occluder-device-for-closure-the-first-turkish-experience
#18
Hasan Ersoz, Cem Nazli
OBJECTIVE: One of the techniques used in the treatment of tracheoesophageal fistula is applying the umbrella catheter, designed for closure of atrial septal defects, in this region. In the literature, we have encountered only 9 case reports in this regard. We shared a successfully closed tracheoesophageal fistula case with this technique. CASE: A tracheoesophageal fistula in a 47-year-old male patient was successfully closed with an atrial septal defect occluder device...
May 5, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730369/transcatheter-closure-of-a-sinus-venosus-atrial-septal-defect-via-transhepatic-access
#19
Mohamad Alkhouli, David M Campsey, Luke Higgins, Vinay Badhwar, Anas Diab, Partho P Sengupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721685/how-many-versus-how-much-comprehensive-haemodynamic-evaluation-of-partial-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-by-cardiac-mri
#20
Neil Seller, Shi-Joon Yoo, Brian Grant, Lars Grosse-Wortmann
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of location and number of anomalously connected pulmonary veins and any associated atrial septal defect (ASD) on the magnitude of left-to-right shunting in patients with partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC), and how that influences right ventricular volume loading. METHODS AND RESULTS: The cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and echocardiography examinations of 26 paediatric patients (mean age, 11...
May 2, 2018: European Radiology
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