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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636057/symmetrical-brachydactyly-in-a-dog
#1
Megan T Cray, Ursula Krotscheck, Anthony J Fischetti, Kim Tong
Congenital malformations of the canine manus and pes are infrequently reported in the veterinary literature. This includes brachydactyly which is a general term used to indicate the shortening of digits due to abnormal development of the phalanges, metacarpals, or metatarsals. This case report describes isolated brachydactyly in a one-year-old male Maremma Sheepdog affecting all of the phalanges, metacarpals, and metatarsals of digits two through five. This condition was confirmed by determining the length of each phalanx, metacarpal, and metatarsal of the affected dog as well as an unaffected littermate...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634563/aspiration-of-aluminum-beverage-can-tab-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Alhasan N Elghouche, Brian C Lobo, Jonathan Y Ting
We describe the case of a 16-year-old male who aspirated a beverage can tab resulting in significant functional impairment. Since the introduction of beverage can opening tabs ("pop-tops" or "pull-tabs") nearly 50 years ago, five cases of their aspiration have been reported in the literature and this is the first case to report tracheal lodgment. We describe the clinical course for this patient including the inadequacy of radiographic evaluation and a significant delay in diagnosis. We highlight unique features of small aluminum foreign bodies that require consideration and mention a potential change in epidemiology associated with evolving product design...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634555/a-rare-case-of-pneumopericardium-in-the-setting-of-tuberculous-constrictive-pericarditis
#3
Lauro L Abrahan Iv, Stephanie Martha O Obillos, Jaime Alfonso M Aherrera, Jose Donato A Magno, Celia Catherine C Uy-Agbayani, Ulysses King G Gopez, Jobelle Joyce Anne R Baldonado
A 28-year-old Filipino male was admitted due to high-grade fevers and dyspnea on a background of chronic cough and weight loss. Due to clinical and echocardiographic signs of cardiac tamponade, emergency pericardiocentesis was performed on his first hospital day. Five days after, chest radiographs showed new pockets of radiolucency within the cardiac shadow, indicative of pneumopericardium. On repeat echo, air microbubbles admixed with loculated effusion were visualized in the anterior pericardial space. Constrictive physiology was also supported by a thickened pericardium, septal bounce, exaggerated respiratory variation in AV valve inflow, and IVC plethora...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633797/sponge-rubber-revealed-two-years-after-penetrating-injury-a%C3%A2-case%C3%A2-report
#4
Sandor Roth, Maja Zaninovic, Aron Roth
The present report illustrates a very rare case report of a foreign body granuloma of the foot associated with a 2-year period of a retained spongeous rubber foreign body after a penetrating injury. Because it appeared almost 2 years after the injury, the history of trauma was minimized, the foreign body had migrated from the plantar to the dorsal side of the foot, and the radiographic appearance resembled a malignant process, it was difficult to rule out the possibility of a malignant tumor. This case shows the weakness of magnetic resonance imaging in detecting spongeous rubber in the body...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633776/bioabsorbable-calcaneo-stop-implant-for-the-treatment-of-flexible-flatfoot-a-retrospective-cohort-study-at-a-minimum-follow-up-of-4%C3%A2-years
#5
Sandro Giannini, Matteo Cadossi, Antonio Mazzotti, Valentina Persiani, Giuseppe Tedesco, Matteo Romagnoli, Cesare Faldini
Arthroereisis of the subtalar joint is a common surgical technique in Europe for the management of flexible flatfoot in the pediatric population. In most cases, it is performed using a calcaneo-stop metallic screw. Despite the good clinical results, screw removal is always advised after 2 to 3 years. The use of a bioabsorbable screw might overcome the need for a second operation to remove a nonabsorbable device. We report the results of a biodegradable calcaneo-stop screw at a minimum of 4 years of follow-up...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633770/a-24-month-follow-up-of-a-custom-made-suture-button-assembly-for-syndesmotic-injuries-of-the-ankle
#6
Mohamed A Imam, Ahmed Matthana, Ji Wan Kim, Mohamed Nabil
In the present retrospective analysis, we introduce a custom suture-button fixation device for acute ankle syndesmotic injuries that allows for early weightbearing without another planned operation for hardware removal. We evaluated 87 consecutive ankles in 87 patients (49 males [56.32%] and 38 females [43.68%]). Of the 87 patients, 15 (17.24%) withdrew or were lost to follow-up, leaving 72 patients (82.76%) in the present study. Their mean age was 35.2 (range 17 to 67) years. Nineteen patients (26.39%) presented with a pure syndesmotic disruption, and 53 (73...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632593/functional-and-radiographic-outcomes-following-growth-sparing-management-of-early-onset-scoliosis
#7
Charles E Johnston, Dong-Phuong Tran, Anna McClung
BACKGROUND: In this study, we sought to evaluate radiographic, functional, and quality-of-life outcomes of patients who have completed growth-sparing management of early-onset scoliosis. METHODS: This prospective study involved patients with early-onset scoliosis who underwent growth-sparing treatment and either "final" fusion or observation for ≥2 years since the last lengthening procedure. Demographics, radiographic parameters, pulmonary function test (PFT) values, and scores of patient-reported assessments (Early-Onset Scoliosis Questionnaire [EOSQ] and Scoliosis Research Society [SRS]-30) were obtained...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632257/modeling-of-crestal-bone-after-submerged-vs-transmucosal-implant-placement-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#8
Stefan Paul, Matthias Petsch, Ulrike Held
PURPOSE: To determine differences in marginal bone changes when using submerged or transmucosal dental implants through a systematic review of the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were electronically searched for trials comparing marginal bone loss between submerged and transmucosal dental implants with a minimum follow-up of 12 months published between January 1980 and January 2016. Manual searches of the bibliographies of the included studies were also carried out...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631658/a-case-of-aspergillus-tracheobronchitis-in-a-patient-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
Ming-Li Yuan, Gang Yang, Hong-Ling Hu, Wen Yin, Wei-Jun Tan, Su Zhao
Aspergillus tracheobronchitis (AT) is a unique form of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, which is commonly found in patients with impaired immunity. Early-stage AT presents in a nonspecific way, both clinically and radiographically, thereby delaying diagnosis and resulting in a high mortality. Owing to impaired mucociliary clearance, previous nonfungal infections, and administration of corticosteroids, among other aspects, patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are predisposed to AT, although they are mostly immunocompetent...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630847/hyperplasia-of-lamina-and-spinous-process-of-c5-vertebrae-and-associated-hemivertebra-at-c4-level
#10
Raja Rameez Farooqi, Mufti Mehmood, Hilal A Kotwal
INTRODUCTION: Congenital variants of the cervical spine may mimic traumatic lesions and may cause recurrent episodes of pain. The spectrum of cervical variants includes persistent apophyses of the transverse processes, persistent epiphyses, vertebral platyspondylia, vertebral hypoplasia, and dysplasia of the vertebral arch. Furthermore, abnormalities of the spinous process have been described including doubled spinous processes and hypertrophies. Unilateral hyperplasia of a spinous process is a rare finding that has only been described rarely as case reports...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630844/multifocal-septic-arthritis-secondary-to-infective-endocarditis-a-rare-case-report
#11
Pavandeep Soor, Nikhil Sharma, Chandra Rao
INTRODUCTION: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a rare cause of septic arthritis. We report a patient who presented with multifocal septic arthritis as a result of IE, which is an extremely rare condition. CASE REPORT: This 69-year-old gentleman presented to the emergency department (ED) with a 3-day history of acute right knee pain. Initial investigations demonstrated chondrocalcinosis on knee radiographs, acute renal failure with rhabdomyolysis and a CRP of 520. After treatment with intravenous fluid rehydration and analgesia, the knee aspiration grew a Group B Streptococcus, and the patient underwent arthroscopic washout...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630843/osteosarcoma-of-jaw-with-varying-histomorphologic-patterns-case-report
#12
Ruchika Ravi Agrawal, Jyoti Dilip Bhavthankar, Mandakini Subhash Mandale, Purva Prakash Patil
INTRODUCTION: Osteosarcoma is a malignant mesenchymal tumor whose cancerous cells produce osteoid matrix. It is a common primary malignant bone tumor, representing 23% of total head and neck malignancies. Osteosarcomas of the jaws are rare lesions, representing only 4-7% of all osteosarcomas. This presentation discusses the clinical, radiographical, and histopathological features of a case of osteosarcoma of the mandible with unusual histopathological appearance. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old male patient reported with a diffuse swelling of the right side of mandible with dull ache and increasing difficulties with eating and speech...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630838/a-case-report-of-an-unusual-case-of-tuberculous-osteomyelitis-causing-spontaneous-pathological-fracture-of-humerus-in-a-middle-aged-female
#13
Umesh Birole, Ashish Ranade, Mahesh Mone
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is a major health problem worldwide. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis is often secondary to some primary foci in lungs. There are reports of tuberculous osteomyelitis involving maxilla, ulna, femur, and shoulder joint but none have reported pathological fracture in humeral diaphysis due to tuberculosis osteomyelitis without shoulder joint involvement. We report a case of pathological fracture of humerus diaphysis due to tuberculous osteomyelitis with normal articular space...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630834/van-neck-odelberg-disease-a-rare-case-report
#14
Amit Prakash Chaudhari, Gautam Shah, Sameer Sanjeev Patil, Aashish Babanrao Ghodke, Sagar B Kelkar
INTRODUCTION: Pain in groin without any history of trauma or positive clinical findings of infection or stress fracture in ischiopubic ramus poses challenges in diagnosis of the condition in prepubertal age. "Osteochondrosis of ischiopubic synchondrosis (IPS)" also called as "Van Neck-Odelberg" disease. Left leg dominant patient presented with pain in groin and limping with left leg dominance. Differential diagnosis - such as stress fractures, osteomyelitis, tuberculosis, post-traumatic osteolysis, or any neoplasia - is need be ruled out to arrive at diagnosis...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630833/anti-inflammatory-prophylaxis-prevents-heterotopic-ossification-in-contralateral-side-hip-arthroscopy-a-case-report
#15
Yaniv Warschawski, Zachary T Sharfman, Eyal Amar, Ehud Rath
INTRODUCTION: Heterotopic ossification (HO) after hip surgery is the formation of bone in non-skeletal tissue, usually between the muscle and the joint capsule. HO after hip surgery may be associated with clinical sequelae such as pain, impingement and decreased range of motion, compromising surgical outcomes. CASE REPORT: A 20-year-old basketball player presented with a 2-year duration of the left groin pain after a basketball-related injury. Due to continued disability and failure of conservative management the patient underwent hip arthroscopy...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630723/outcome-after-arthroscopic-labral-surgery-in-patients-previously-treated-with-periacetabular-osteotomy-a-follow-up-study-of-43-patients
#16
Charlotte Hartig-Andreasen, Torsten G Nielsen, Bent Lund, Kjeld Søballe, Martin Lind
To identify factors predicting failure after hip arthroscopy in patients with previous periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) defined as a conversion to total hip replacement (THR) and to evaluate the patient reported outcome scores. Of 55 hips treated with hip arthroscopy after PAO from Aug 2008 to 2012 at Aarhus University Hospital, 43 hips were included (median age: 36.1 yrs, range 16.3-56.9 yrs). Indications were unacceptable pain, a positive FABER and impingement test and signs of labral damage on MR-arthrography...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630717/arthroscopic-hip-preservation-surgery-practice-patterns-an-international-survey
#17
Kevin M Smith, Brayden J Gerrie, Patrick C McCulloch, Brian D Lewis, R Chad Mather, Geoffrey Van Thiel, Shane J Nho, Joshua D Harris
To design and conduct a survey analyzing pre-, intra- and post- hip arthroscopy practice patterns among hip arthroscopists worldwide. A 21-question, IRB-exempt, HIPAA-compliant, cross-sectional survey was conducted via email using SurveyMonkey to examine pre-operative evaluation, intra-operative techniques and post-operative management. The survey was administered internationally to 151 hip arthroscopists identified from publicly available sources. Seventy-five respondents completed the survey (151 ± 116 hip arthroscopy procedures per year; 8...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627466/patterns-of-intra-articular-injection-use-after-initiation-of-treatment-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#18
Shao-Hsien Liu, Catherine E Dubé, Jeffrey B Driban, Timothy E McAlindon, Charles B Eaton, Kate L Lapane
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe and evaluate longitudinal use of intra-articular injections after treatment initiation among adults with radiographically confirmed knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHOD: Using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative, we included participants with radiographically confirmed OA (Kellgren-Lawrence grade (K-L) ≥ 2) in ≥ 1 knee at baseline. With 9 years of data, 412 participants newly initiating hyaluronic acid or corticosteroid injections with their index visit were identified...
June 13, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626896/gestation-length-and-racing-performance-in-115-thoroughbred-foals-with-incomplete-tarsal-ossification
#19
L Haywood, D L Spike-Pierce, Bonnie Barr, D Mathys, D Mollenkopf
BACKGROUND: Incomplete ossification of the cuboidal bones of the carpus and tarsus in foals has the potential for significant consequences including chronic lameness and decreased athletic ability. OBJECTIVES: To determine if the degree of ossification of the cuboidal bones is associated with gestational length. To determine if the diagnosis of incomplete ossification is a predictor of performance in Thoroughbred racehorses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
June 19, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626190/miliary-tuberculosis-in-a-young-woman-with-hemophagocytic-syndrome-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Mina Asaji, Kazunori Tobino, Koujin Murakami, Yuki Goto, Takuto Sueyasu, Saori Nishizawa, Kohei Yoshimine, Miyuki Munechika, Yuki Ko, Yuki Yoshimatsu, Kosuke Tsuruno, Hiromi Ide, Hiroyuki Miyajima, Noriyuki Ebi
We herein report a rare case of miliary tuberculosis-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) complicated with respiratory failure. A 19-year-old Japanese woman with a fever, general malaise, and chest radiograph abnormalities was referred to our hospital. After admission, she developed respiratory failure with pancytopenia. A histological examination of lung and bone marrow biopsy samples revealed noncaseating granulomas without evidence of acid-fast bacilli or lymphoma. In addition, a bone marrow biopsy showed marked histiocyte hyperplasia with hemophagocytosis, and a bronchoalveolar lavage fluid culture grew Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
2017: Internal Medicine
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