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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338577/weight-gain-after-veptr-surgery-may-be-from-nutritional-optimization-rather-than-improvement-in-pulmonary-function
#1
Ying Li, Maksim A Shlykov, Christopher B Robbins, Frances A Farley, Michelle S Caird, Michelle C Burke
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective comparative study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether weight percentile (WP) increases after VEPTR insertion, and whether WP correlates with nutrition labs and pulmonary function. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Children with thoracic insufficiency syndrome (TIS) often have "failure to thrive" (WP ≤5). Previous authors have reported an increase in WP after VEPTR surgery. Weight gain was hypothesized to be secondary to improved pulmonary function...
March 23, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338574/rigid-occipitocervical-instrumented-fusion-for-atlantoaxial-instability-in-an-18-month-old-toddler-with-brachytelephalangic-chondrodysplasia-punctata-a-case-report
#2
Hiroki Oba, Jun Takahashi, Kyoko Takano, Yuji Inaba, Mitsuo Motobayashi, Gen Nishimura, Shugo Kuraishi, Masayuki Shimizu, Shota Ikegami, Toshimasa Futatsugi, Masashi Uehara, Tomoki Kosho, Hiroyuki Kato, Koki Uno
STUDY DESIGN: Case report OBJECTIVE.: We report here on an 18-month-old boy with brachytelephalangic chondrodysplasia punctata (BCDP), whose atlantoaxial instability was successfully managed with occipitocervical instrumented fusion (OCF) using screw and rod instrumentations. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recently, there have been a number of reports on BCDP with early onset of cervical myelopathy. Surgical OCF is a vital intervention to salvage affected individuals from the life-threatening morbidity...
March 23, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337851/low-prevalence-of-knee-chondrocalcinosis-and-its-catabolic-association-by-use-of-serum-matrix-metalloproteinase-3-a-rural-japanese-population-study
#3
Daisuke Chiba, Eiichi Tsuda, Eiji Sasaki, Ippei Takahashi, Shigeyuki Nakaji, Yasuyuki Ishibashi
AIM: This study aimed to elucidate the prevalence of radiographic knee chondrocalcinosis (CC) and to clarify whether CC is correlated with self-reported knee symptoms and a serum catabolic biomarker. METHODS: A total of 1278 volunteers participated. Plain radiographs of both knees were obtained. Identification of a linear calcification in the knee joint space was defined as CC. Patients with a Kellgren-Lawrence grade of 2 or more were considered to have knee osteoarthritis (OA)...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337536/functional-and-patient-reported-outcomes-of-the-swanson-metacarpo-phalangeal-arthroplasty-in-the-rheumatoid-hand
#4
Firas K Elherik, Sean Dolan, John Antrum, Frank Unglaub, Colin R Howie, Steffen J Breusch
INTRODUCTION: Replacement of the metacarpo-phalangeal joints (MCPJ) with silastic Swanson's implants can help decrease pain, stiffness and allow for improved function in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). There is a lack of patient reported outcome measure (PROM) studies assessing the efficacy of this procedure in RA. The aim of this study was to report any change in function, pain, stiffness and satisfaction following the Swanson MCPJ replacement using patient reported outcomes in a rheumatoid population...
March 24, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336998/characteristics-and-treatment-of-invasive-cervical-resorption-in-vital-teeth-a-narrative-review-and-a-report-of-two-cases
#5
P Tsaousoglou, E Markou, N Efthimiades, I Vouros
Invasive cervical resorption (ICR) is a significant defect of the root surface where the hard dental tissues are undermined and become translucent due to the resorptive granulomatous tissue. It is mainly detected on radiographs. The radiographic appearance of ICR is asymmetrical radiolucency with irregular margins and an unchanged root canal. The purpose of this study is to present a comprehensive review together with the characteristics and the treatment of ICR through two cases which were followed-up for 36 months...
March 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336237/point-of-care-ultrasound-sonographic-posterior-fat-pad-sign-a%C3%A2-case-report-and-brief-literature-review
#6
Yoshito Okumura, Nestor Maldonado, Kyle Lennon, Bryan McCarty, Philipp Underwood, Mathew Nelson
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of elbow fracture can sometimes be difficult with plain radiography due to overlapping bones, growth plates, and maturing bones in the pediatric population. The radiographic posterior fat pad (PFP) sign is one of the frequently referenced indirect signs of an occult elbow fracture. This sign can be falsely negative if the sign is subtle, and can be falsely positive when the position of the elbow is not flexed at 90 degrees. CASE REPORT: We discuss a case in which sonographic PFP sign helped to diagnose an elbow fracture...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333913/tuberculosis-among-foreign-born-persons-diagnosed-%C3%A2-10-years-after-arrival-in-the-united-states-2010-2015
#7
Clarisse A Tsang, Adam J Langer, Thomas R Navin, Lori R Armstrong
The majority of tuberculosis (TB) cases in the United States are attributable to reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI) (1). LTBI refers to the condition when a person is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis without signs and symptoms, or radiographic or bacteriologic evidence of TB disease. CDC and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommend screening populations at increased risk for LTBI, including persons who have lived in congregate settings at high risk and persons who were born in, or are former residents of countries with TB incidence ≥20 cases per 100,000 population (2-4)...
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333015/role-of-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-before-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-retrospective-evaluation-of-pathologic-response-and-outcomes
#8
Edward Michael Mannina, Higinia Rosa Cardenes, Foster D Lasley, Benjamin Goodman, Jennifer Zook, Sandra Althouse, John Alvin Cox, Romil Saxena, Joseph Tector, Mary Maluccio
PURPOSE: To analyze the results of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in patients with early-stage, localized hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent definitive orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: The subjects of this retrospective report are 38 patients diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent SBRT per institutional phase 1 to 2 eligibility criteria, before definitive OLT. Pre-OLT radiographs were compared with pathologic gold standard...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332044/no-difference-between-cemented-and-cementless-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-young-patients-a-review-of-the-evidence
#9
REVIEW
Edoardo Franceschetti, Guglielmo Torre, Alessio Palumbo, Rocco Papalia, Jón Karlsson, Olufemi R Ayeni, Kristian Samuelsson, Francesco Franceschi
PURPOSE: The present piece of work provides improved knowledge about the evidence related to TKA in patients 60 years of age or younger, with special focus on fixation methods. Main concern of the review is to analyse the difference of survival rate and complications of cemented and cementless implants. METHODS: An electronic search was carried out between October and December 2015, through CINAHL, PubMed and the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials web databases...
March 22, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331459/heterotopic-ossification-of-the-calvarium-following-bilateral-craniectomies-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Rafael A Vega, Leslie Hutchins
BACKGROUND: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is defined as ectopic bone formation following traumatic brain injury. Patients typically develop lesions in the hips, knees, and elbows that cause pain, restricted range of motion, nerve impingement, and pressure ulcers. CASE REPORT: We report an unusual presentation of HO in an 18-year-old male who was involved in a motor vehicle accident and subsequently developed malignant intracranial pressure. His HO developed following bilateral craniectomies in which 2 different dural substitutes were used...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330960/a-multi-institutional-study-of-brainstem-gliomas-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#11
Jasia Mahdi, Amish C Shah, Aimee Sato, Stephanie M Morris, Robert C McKinstry, Robert Listernick, Roger J Packer, Michael J Fisher, David H Gutmann
OBJECTIVE: To define the clinical and radiologic features of brainstem gliomas (BSGs) in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study of 133 children with NF1 and concurrent BSGs cared for at 4 NF1 referral centers. BSG was determined using radiographic criteria. Age at diagnosis, tumor location and appearance, clinical symptoms, treatment, and presence of a concurrent optic pathway glioma were assessed...
March 22, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329566/breast-nodularity-and-ulceration-diffuse-dermal-angiomatosis-a-corticosteroid-responsive-disease
#12
J D Ho, D Wolpowitz, T J Phillips
Diffuse dermal angiomatosis of the breast (DDAB) is an uncommon ulcerative angiomatosis, which occurs in middle aged women with large pendulous breasts, a history of cigarette smoking, and risk factors for atherosclerosis. Based on its rarity, no well-defined therapeutic regimen has been elucidated. We report a case of DDAB in a woman with no history of smoking or radiographic evidence of occluded vasculature who presented with ulceration and pain-associated breast nodularity. She had a complete reproducible response to oral corticosteroids...
November 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328825/prevalence-of-symptomatic-hip-knee-and-spine-osteoarthritis-nationwide-health-survey-analysis-of-an-elderly-korean-population
#13
Jung-Ho Park, Jae-Young Hong, Kyungdo Han, Seung-Woo Suh, Si-Young Park, Jae-Hyuk Yang, Seung-Woo Han
Osteoarthritis is prominent among the elderly, with symptoms originating from multiple parts of the body. A cross-sectional study of a nationwide survey was performed to describe the prevalence of and identify factors related to symptomatic hip, knee, and spine osteoarthritis.This cross-sectional study collected data from the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-5; 2010-2012). After excluding ineligible subjects, there were 8976 subjects in this study (3830 males and 5146 females)...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328823/a-case-report-of-pycnodysostosis-with-atypical-femur-fracture-diagnosed-by-next-generation-sequencing-of-candidate-genes
#14
Hyung Keun Song, Young Bae Sohn, Yong Jun Choi, Yoon-Sok Chung, Ja-Hyun Jang
RATIONALE: Pycnodysostosis is a rare autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia characterized by short stature, craniofacial dysmorphism, acro-osteolysis, osteosclerosis, and brittle bone with poor healing. Pycnodysostosis results from the deficient activity of cathepsin K, a lysosomal cysteine protease that is encoded by CTSK. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a Korean adult patient with pycnodysostosis and atypical femur fracture whose diagnosis was confirmed by next-generation sequencing (NGS) of candidate genes...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328135/confirmation-of-cagsss-syndrome-as-a-distinct-entity-in-a-danish-patient-with-a-novel-homozygous-mutation-in-iars2
#15
Shahida Moosa, Annette Haagerup, Pernille Axel Gregersen, Karin Kastberg Petersen, Janine Altmüller, Holger Thiele, Peter Nürnberg, Tae-Joon Cho, Ok-Hwa Kim, Gen Nishimura, Bernd Wollnik, Ida Vogel
Since the original description of the IARS2-related cataracts, growth hormone deficiency, sensory neuropathy, sensorineural hearing loss, skeletal dysplasia syndrome (CAGSSS; OMIM 616007) in an extended consanguineous family of French-Canadian descent, no further patients have been reported. IARS2 (OMIM 612801) encodes the mitochondrial isoleucine-tRNA synthetase which belongs to the class-I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family, and has been implicated in CAGSSS and a form of Leigh syndrome. Here, we report on a female Danish patient with a novel homozygous IARS2 mutation, p...
April 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327694/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-biomimetic-monolayer-of-permanently-bound-multiphosphonic-acid-molecules-on-dental-implants-3-years-post-loading-results-from-a-pilot-quadruple-blinded-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Marco Esposito, Ivan Dojcinovic, Sabrina Buchini, Péter Péchy, Björn-Owe Aronsson
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and clinical efficacy of a novel surface treatment (SurfLink, Nano Bridging Molecules, Gland, Switzerland) on titanium dental implants. SurfLink consists of a monolayer of permanently bound multiphosphonic acid molecules, which mimics the surface of naturally occurring hydroxyapatite. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients requiring at least two single dental implants had their sites randomised according to a split-mouth design to receive one titanium grade 4 implant treated with SurfLink and one untreated control implant...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327693/single-versus-two-visits-with-1-week-intracanal-calcium-hydroxide-medication-for-endodontic-treatment-one-year-post-treatment-results-from-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Federica Fonzar, Aniello Mollo, Mauro Venturi, Pierpaolo Pini, Riccardo Fabian Fonzar, Anna Trullenque-Eriksson, Marco Esposito
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether it is more effective to complete endodontic treatment in a single visit or in two visits with 1-week intracanal calcium hydroxide medication in symptomatic teeth and teeth with periapical lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and ninety-nine patients, with one symptomatic tooth or a tooth with a periapical lesion, were randomised, according to a parallel group design, to receive a complete endodontic treatment in a single visit (99 patients) or in two visits with 1-week intracanal calcium hydroxide medication (100 patients), at two centres...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326214/open-and-arthroscopic-with-mini-open-surgical-hip-approaches-for-treatment-of-pigmented-villonodular-synovitis-and-concomitant-hip-pathology
#18
Bridget Ellsworth, Atul F Kamath
Background. Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a rare benign tumor affecting large joints and prompts excision to prevent local destruction of the joint. The purpose of this case report is to describe two differing surgical approaches for management of PVNS of the hip in patients requiring concomitant treatment for additional hip pathology. Methods. This report discusses the presentation, clinical and radiographic findings, and operative management of two contrasting cases of PVNS of the hip. Case 1 describes a 31-year-old female with localized PVNS in addition to a labral tear treated with arthroscopic labral repair followed by tumor excision via a mini-open incision...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325699/spinal-correction-in-patients-with-fukuyama-congenital-muscular-dystrophy
#19
Wataru Saito, Takanori Namba, Gen Inoue, Takayuki Imura, Masayuki Miyagi, Toshiyuki Nakazawa, Eiki Shirasawa, Kentaro Uchida, Masashi Takaso
BACKGROUND: Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) is one of the most common congenital progressive muscular dystrophies in Japan. Some patients develop a severe spinal deformity that leads to an unstable sitting position or pain. Since 2008, we have treated FCMD using posterior spinal fusion. This study reports the short-term clinical and radiographic results of posterior spinal correction and fusion in FCMD. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 11 consecutive FCMD patients, average age 13 years old, treated with posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion between 2008 and 2015...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325425/treatment-of-scaphotrapeziotrapezoid-osteoarthritis-with-the-pyrocardan-%C3%A2-implant-results-with-a-minimum-follow-up-of-2-years
#20
E Gauthier, M-V Truffandier, E Gaisne, P Bellemère
The aim of this study was to report the results of arthroplasty using a mobile pyrocarbon implant (Pyrocardan(®)) for isolated scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (STT) osteoarthritis. The hypothesis was that this arthroplasty leads to functional improvement without carpal instability. Twenty patients (22 implants) were included with a minimum follow-up of 2 years and an average age of 59.6 years. Outcome criteria were pain (VAS scale), QuickDASH and PRWE scores, strength (grip and pinch), wrist mobility, the Kapandji index, carpal height and the capitolunar angle measured on X-rays...
April 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
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