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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456411/clinical-utility-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-kinetics-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients-during-long-term-entecavir-therapy
#1
Tien-Ching Lin, Yen-Cheng Chiu, Hung-Chih Chiu, Wen-Chun Liu, Pin-Nan Cheng, Chiung-Yu Chen, Ting-Tsung Chang, I-Chin Wu
AIM: To investigate the utility of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) kinetics in chronic hepatitis B patients during long-term entecavir treatment. METHODS: This retrospective study included treatment-naïve chronic hepatitis B patients who received at least 2 years of consecutive entecavir treatment. Patients were followed up at three to six month intervals with liver biochemistry, hepatitis B virus DNA, and abdominal sonography. In hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients, HBeAg levels were assessed every three to six month until results became negative...
February 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450854/imaging-of-the-scrotum-beyond-sonography
#2
REVIEW
Gian Carlo Parenti, Francesco Feletti, Aldo Carnevale, Licia Uccelli, Melchiore Giganti
The aim of this article is to describe the role of second-level imaging techniques after an initial ultrasonography evaluation in the assessment of scrotal diseases. While ultrasonography remains central as the primary imaging modality for the evaluation of pathologic conditions of the scrotum, the role of magnetic resonance imaging continues to evolve: it can actually be valuable as a problem-solving tool when sonographic findings are equivocal or inconclusive. Magnetic resonance imaging of the scrotum may provide accurate detection and characterization of scrotal diseases, well depicting the precise location of scrotal masses (intratesticular or extratesticular) and reliably characterizing benign conditions simulating neoplastic processes, thus preventing unnecessary radical surgery...
February 15, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443857/the-fast-exam-can-reliably-identify-patients-with-significant-intraabdominal-hemorrhage-in-life-threatening-pelvic-fractures
#3
Nicole Townsend Christian, Clay Cothren Burlew, Ernest E Moore, Andrea E Geddes, Amy E Wagenaar, Charles J Fox, Fredric M Pieracci
BACKGROUND: The Focused Abdominal Sonography for Trauma (FAST) exam has been reported to be unreliable in pelvic fracture patients. Additionally, given the advent of new therapeutic interventions, such as Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA), rapid identification of intraabdominal hemorrhage compared to zone III hemorrhage may guide different therapeutic strategies. We hypothesized that FAST is reliable for detecting clinically significant intraabdominal hemorrhage in the face of complex pelvic fractures...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441039/metastatic-burned-out-seminoma-causing-neurological-paraneoplastic-syndrome-not-quite-burned-out
#4
Yuval Freifeld, Payal Kapur, Ritika Chitkara, Francesca Lee, Pravin Khemani, Aditya Bagrodia
A 44-year-old man presented with cerebellar ataxia and limbic encephalitis and was ultimately diagnosed with metastatic germ cell neoplasm resulting from a "burned out" primary testicular tumor. The patient had progressive ataxia, leading to a thorough investigation for infectious, autoimmune, metabolic, and malignant causes of acquired cerebellar ataxia that revealed no significant findings. Testicular sonography demonstrated a possible right testicular lesion that was not confirmed on radical inguinal orchiectomy...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435018/thermographic-real-time-monitoring-of-surgical-radiofrequency-and-microwave-ablation-in-a-perfused-porcine-liver-model
#5
Florian Primavesi, Stefan Swierczynski, Eckhard Klieser, Tobias Kiesslich, Tarkan Jäger, Romana Urbas, Jörg Hutter, Daniel Neureiter, Dietmar Öfner, Stefan Stättner
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and microwave ablation (MWA) are currently the dominant modalities to treat unresectable liver tumors. Monitoring the ablation process with b-mode-sonography is often hampered by artefacts. Furthermore, vessels may cause cooling in the adjacent tumor target (heat-sink-effect) with risk of local recurrence. The present study evaluated infrared-thermography to monitor surgical RFA/MWA and detect heat-sink-effects in real-time. RFA and MWA of perfused porcine livers was conducted at peripheral and central-vessel-adjacent locations, and monitored by real-time thermography...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434064/cervical-length-measurement-in-nulliparous-women-at-term-by-ultrasound-its-relationship-to-spontaneous-onset-of-labour
#6
Joydev Mukherji, Avishek Bhadra, Suhas Kumar Ghosh, Avijit Hazra, Monika Anant, Subir Kumar Bhattacharya, Bibekananda Das, Shabnam Banu
Background & objectives: Data on serial cervical length (CL) measurements in pregnancy at term to predict spontaneous labour onset are scarce and conflicting. This study was conducted to observe CL changes preceding spontaneous onset of labour, by serial transvaginal sonography (TVS) and transabdominal sonography (TAS), in nulliparous Indian women near term. Methods: Only nulliparous women with a singleton foetus in cephalic presentation and who confirmed their gestational age were recruited...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433140/-colour-duplex-sonography-and-power-duplex-in-perforator-surgery-improvement-of-patients-safety-by-efficient-planning
#7
Adrien Daigeler, Cornelius Schubert, Tobias Hirsch, Björn Behr, Marcus Lehnhardt
INTRODUCTION: There are many techniques to identify vessels in perforator surgery, each with specific disadvantages. Handheld Dopplers are easy to use, but inaccurate with respect to the exact localisation of the perforator. Angio-CT is invasive, time consuming, and expensive. In contrast, duplex sonography is a reliable, easy-to-use and availabe alternative for pre-, intra-, and postoperative visualisation of vessels. Power Doppler further increases sensitivity and allows visualisation of vessels smaller than 0...
February 12, 2018: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428312/reproductive-and-metabolic-determinants-of-granulosa-cell-dysfunction-in-normal-weight-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#8
Annie A Guedikian, Alexandria Y Lee, Tristan R Grogan, David H Abbott, Karla Largaespada, Gregorio D Chazenbalk, Daniel A Dumesic
OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree to which E2 hyperresponsiveness to FSH and antimüllerian hormone (AMH) overproduction in normal-weight women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) correlate with increased antral follicle number (AFN), hyperandrogenism, and/or metabolic dysfunction. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENT(S): Seven normal-weight women with PCOS (1990 National Institutes of Health criteria) ages 20-34 years and 13 age- and body mass index- (BMI-; 18...
February 7, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428103/risk-factors-and-metabolic-abnormality-of-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-either-non-obese-or-obese-chinese-population
#9
Shou-Wu Lee, Teng-Yu Lee, Sheng-Shun Yang, Chun-Fang Tung, Hong-Zen Yeh, Chi-Sen Chang
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) occurs not only in obese individuals but also in non-obese ones. The aim of this study was to focus on the association between NAFLD and metabolic events in a non-obese or obese Chinese population. METHODS: Data collected from subjects registered at Taichung Veterans General Hospital from January to December 2009 were analyzed. The exclusion criteria were alcoholics, chronic hepatitis B or C. Patients included in analyses were assigned to four groups according to sonography of their liver (normal or NAFLD), and body mass index (BMI) levels (non-obese if BMI < 25 kg/m 2 or obese if BMI ≥ 25 kg/m 2 )...
February 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423159/pubic-and-inguinal-venous-collaterals-mimic-inguinal-hernia
#10
F Oldhafer, T Alten, J Klempnauer, N Emmanouilidis
Herein we report a case of a 38-year-old men who presented with acute suprapubic pain caused by a tubular, hypoechoic, non-compressible, inguinal mass with no flow evident on color Doppler sonography. The history of the patient, the clinical signs of local inflammation and tenderness on palpation as well as the results of the Doppler ultrasound examination led to the diagnose of an inguinal hernia with bowl incarceration. However, due to a remaining uncertainty whether a bilateral or unilateral hernia was immanent and whether the bowl incarceration was caused by a right or left sided hernia the on-call surgeon initiated a computed tomography (CT) scan...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423152/suppurative-appendicitis-presenting-acute-scrotal-pain-a-rare-condition-may-confuse-surgeons
#11
Shahriar Najafizadeh-Sari, Hamidreza Mehdizadeh, Mohammad Sadegh Bagheri-Baghdasht, Shahram Manoochehry
Scrotal pain presentation has many differential diagnoses such as testicular torsion is surgical emergency. For this reason, it is necessary for surgeons to differentiate between diseases for choosing the best treatment approach. We have reported a rare condition of 19-year-old male case had an atypical scrotal pain presentation of appendicitis. He was admitted to emergency service with 4 days history of pain in abdomen and testis. In physical examination, there is tenderness in right lower quadrant, right inguinal region and scrotum...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412020/phyllodes-tumor-of-the-breast-ultrasound-pathology-correlation
#12
Megan Kalambo, Beatriz E Adrada, Modupe M Adeyefa, Savitri Krishnamurthy, Ken Hess, Selin Carkaci, Gary J Whitman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the sonographic and histopathologic features distinguishing benign from borderline and malignant phyllodes tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ultrasound examinations of women with pathologically proven phyllodes tumors from 2004 to 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. The sonographic features of benign, borderline, and malignant phyllodes tumors were compared and analyzed using the American College of Radiology's BI-RADS ultrasound lexicon...
February 7, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410373/association-of-real-time-intraoperative-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-and-color-doppler-ultrasound-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-spinal-cord-dural-arteriovenous-fistulae-a-technical-note
#13
Giuseppe Maria Della Pepa, Giovanni Sabatino, Carmelo Lucio Sturiale, Enrico Marchese, Alfredo Puca, Alessandro Olivi, Alessio Albanese
BACKGROUND: In the surgical treatment spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs), intraoperative definition of dAVFs' anatomical characteristics and identification of fistulous point is mandatory to effectively exclude the dAVF. METHOD: Intraoperative ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) integrated with color-doppler sonography was applied in the surgical setting for a cervical dAVF in order to identify fistulous point and evaluation of correct occlusion of the fistula...
February 1, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409085/-point-of-care-sonography-in-emergency-and-intensive-care-medicine
#14
Caroline Busche, Hans-Jörg Busch, Guido Michels
The use of Point-of-care ultrasonography (POC Ultrasonography) is getting more and more important in the bedside care of patients, especially in emergency- and intensive care units. In addition to the focused sonography of the heart, lungs and abdomen, the POC Ultrasonography recently includes also cases in prehospital care. Increasingly special applications in intensive care, e.g. the assessment of weaning from mechanical ventilation or evaluation of the hemodynamics of a patient by means of sonographic control, gain meaning...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407879/lipoprotein-profile-assessed-by-2d-1h-nmr-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-children-with-familial-hypercholesterolaemia
#15
Cèlia Rodríguez-Borjabad, Daiana Ibarretxe, Josefa Girona, Raimon Ferré, Albert Feliu, Núria Amigó, Eugenio Guijarro, Luis Masana, Núria Plana
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is underdiagnosed in children. In addition to lipid concentrations, lipoprotein particle quantity and quality could influence cardiovascular risk. We aimed to perform a comprehensive plasma lipid study, including lipoprotein particle number and size assessment by two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (2D-1H-NMR), in children with FH compared to non-affected children and to evaluate the clinical value of these factors as subclinical atherosclerosis biomarkers...
January 31, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407312/complication-follow-up-with-ultrasonographic-analyses-of-91-cases-with-donor-gallbladder-preservation-in-living-donor-liver-transplantation-of-left-lateral-sectionectomies
#16
F Su, E He, L Qian, Z Zhu, L Wei, Z Zeng, W Qu, R Xu, Z Yi
BACKGROUND: Preserving the donor's gallbladder during living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is a better method for liver transplantation surgery, but not enough is known about gallbladder complications after the operation. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated postsurgical donor gallbladder complications in clinical LDLT with gallbladder preservation. The feasibility of retaining the gallbladder during liver graft procurement is discussed. Ninety-one donors with retained gallbladder after LDLT with the hepatic left lateral sectionectomy (from June 2013 to October 2015) were retrospectively analyzed...
January 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407069/council-on-cardiovascular-sonography-review-of-the-recently-released-ase-statement-on-sonographer-involvement-in-the-performance-of-tee
#17
EDITORIAL
Carol Mitchell, Margaret Park, Matt Umland, Sue Phillip
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406916/quantitative-transcranial-sonography-in-wilson-s-disease-and-healthy-controls-cut-off-values-and-functional-correlates
#18
Gotthard G Tribl, Mateus C Trindade, Kelson James Almeida, Rosana Cardoso Alves, Daniel Ciampi de Andrade, Erich T Fonoff, Alexandre A Machado, Manoel J Teixeira, Egberto R Barbosa, Edson Bor-Seng-Shu
To compare transcranial sonography (TCS) findings in patients with predominantly neurological Wilson's disease (WD) to those from controls, and to correlate TCS data with the clinical profile of WD. Patients with WD (n=40/f=18) and healthy, matched controls (n=49/f=20) were assessed in terms of TCS, serum copper and iron parameters, and clinical scales, such as the Unified Wilson's Disease Rating Scale (UWDRS), Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised (ACE-R), Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Beck Depression Inventory...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405437/studying-the-effect-of-systemic-and-biological-drugs-on-intima-media-thickness-in-patients-suffering-from-moderate-and-severe-psoriasis
#19
Antonio Martinez-Lopez, Gonzalo Blasco-Morente, Israel Perez-Lopez, Jesus Tercedor-Sanchez, Salvador Arias-Santiago
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis has been related to a large number of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus and arteriosclerosis. The increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) could be considered to be a marker of generalized arteriosclerosis. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of systemic and biological drugs on psoriatic patients' carotid IMT. METHODS: A prospective study was performed. We studied 53 patients with moderate and severe psoriasis from our psoriasis dermatological unit, analyzing lipid and glucose metabolism and performing a carotid IMT sonography before introduction of systemic and biological drugs...
February 6, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402183/temporal-trends-in-the-presentation-treatment-and-outcome-of-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-an-israeli-multicenter-study
#20
Dania Hirsch, Orit Twito, Sigal Levy, Gideon Bachar, Eyal Robenshtok, David Gross, Haggi Mazeh, Carlos Benbassat, Simona Grozinsky-Glasberg
BACKGROUND: The widespread use of neck sonography in recent years has led to a dramatic increase in the detection of thyroid cancer, accompanied by changes in the clinicopathological features of the disease. However, small papillary carcinomas account for the bulk of this increase, while little is known about temporal changes in medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). The aim of this study was to evaluate trends in the presentation, treatment, and outcome of MTC. METHODS: Patients treated for MTC at four medical centers in Israel were divided into three groups by year of diagnosis: 1981-1995 (period A), 1996-2005 (period B), and 2006-2016 (period C)...
February 5, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
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