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Sonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655645/proton-beam-irradiation-a-safe-procedure-in-post-equatorial-extraocular-extension-from-uveal-melanoma
#1
Ira Seibel, Aline I Riechardt, Katharina Erb-Eigner, Alexander Böker, Dino Cordini, Jens Heufelder, Antonia M Joussen
PURPOSE: This study was performed to show long-term outcomes concerning metastasis rates and local recurrence rates after primary proton beam therapy in uveal melanoma with posterior extraocular extension (EOE) with the main focus on optic nerve invasion. DESIGN: Retrospective case series METHODS: All patients treated with primary proton beam therapy for choroidal or ciliary body melanoma with posterior EOE between July 1998 and August 2010 were included. EOE was either detected upon sonography at primary examination or during the surgical application of tantalum clips onto the sclera...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650457/-non-palpable-testicular-tumors-in-adults-a-management-based-on-imaging-issue-from-the-french-urologic-association-genital-cancer-committee-s-edit
#2
L Rocher, L Feretti, P Camparo, P H Savoie, N Morel-Journel, T Murez, P Sebe, A Flechon, A Méjean, X Durand
BACKGROUND: Help in management of non-palpable testicular tumors. French Urologic Association Genital cancer committee's Edit. OBJECTIVES: To review their characterization at imaging findings of non-palpable testicular tumors. DOCUMENTARY SOURCES: Literature review (PubMed, Medline) of urological and radiological studies dealing with testicular tumors using keywords: non-palpable/incidental testicular tumors; color Doppler ultrasound; US elastography; magnetic resonance imaging; contrast enhanced sonography; partial surgery...
April 9, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644294/isolated-right-atrial-appendage-rupture-following-blunt-chest-trauma
#3
Rakesh Hegde, Nathan Lafayette, Michael Sywak, Gregory Ricketts, Jorge Otero, Scott Kurtzman, Zhongqiu Zhang
Background: Right sided tears or rupture are the most common injury to the heart after blunt chest trauma. The majority of these injuries are to the thin walled atrium. Reports of localized right atrial appendage rupture are rare. The classical features of Beck's triad are unreliable in the trauma bay. With the advent of EFAST (Focused assessment with sonography for trauma extended to thorax), Beck's triad should be considered but not used as the primary clinical tool for diagnosis of cardiac tamponade [1]...
February 2018: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644270/importance-of-the-capability-for-complete-resuscitative-treatment-combining-surgery-and-interventional-radiology-for-potentially-lethal-multiple-injuries-a-case-report
#4
Hiroyuki Otsuka, Toshiki Sato, Keiji Sakurai, Hiromichi Aoki, Takeshi Yamagiwa, Shinichi Iizuka, Sadaki Inokuchi
Background: Recently, trauma management has been complicated owing to the introduction of damage-control strategies and interventional radiology. Here, we discuss important aspects regarding survival of patients with severe trauma. Case presentation: A 74-year-old Japanese woman experienced a traffic accident on a highway. On arrival, paramedics were unable to measure her blood pressure, and her condition deteriorated. The patient was immediately transferred to our hospital in a physician-staffed emergency helicopter, during which she was administered emergency blood transfusions...
October 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643121/fast-in-the-deployed-military-setting
#5
Nicholas James Carter, D Gay
INTRODUCTION: Focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) is historically an effective method of assessing the patient in the trauma bay in order to aid decision-making and optimise patient outcomes. However, in the UK civilian practice, the use of FAST may decline given a recent change in National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance as a result of improvement in CT availability and resuscitation techniques. METHOD: In the Role 3 Medical Treatment Facility, Camp Bastion, 187 patients with trauma who received FAST in the trauma bay in 2014 were reviewed to determine the accuracy of FAST in the deployed environment...
April 10, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629797/comparison-of-performance-characteristics-of-american-college-of-radiology-ti-rads-korean-society-of-thyroid-radiology-tirads-and-american-thyroid-association-guidelines
#6
William D Middleton, Sharlene A Teefey, Carl C Reading, Jill E Langer, Michael D Beland, Margaret M Szabunio, Terry S Desser
OBJECTIVE: The American College of Radiology (ACR) Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TI-RADS) provides guidelines to practitioners who interpret sonographic examinations of thyroid nodules. The purpose of this study is to compare the ACR TI-RADS system with two other well-established guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ACR TI-RADS, the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TIRADS), and the American Thyroid Association guidelines were compared using 3422 thyroid nodules for which pathologic findings were available...
April 9, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629723/comparison-between-the-pouch-perineum-distance-in-neonates-with-a-low-type-anorectal-malformation-with-and-without-an-opened-fistula-pitfall-of-measuring-the-pouch-perineum-distance-on-sonography
#7
Takahiro Hosokawa, Hiroaki Takahashi, Yutaka Tanami, Yumiko Sato, Yujiro Tanaka, Hiroshi Kawashima, Mayumi Hosokawa, Eiji Oguma, Yoshitake Yamada
OBJECTIVE: An anorectal malformation (ARM) in neonates requires urgent surgery, with the type of surgery being dependent on the type of malformation (low, intermediate, or high). Distal rectal pouch and perineum (pouch-perineum) distance is reported to be useful for differentiating the type of ARM; however, the impact of an opened fistula on pouch-perineum distance is not well known. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference in pouch-perineum distance between neonates with a low-type ARM with and without an opened fistula...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628726/abnormal-uterine-bleeding-evaluation-by-endometrial-aspiration
#8
Pratibha Singh
Endometrial evaluation is generally indicated in cases presenting with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB), especially in women more than 35 years of age. AUB encompasses a variety of presentation, for example, heavy menstrual bleeding, frequent bleeding, irregular vaginal bleeding, postcoital and postmenopausal bleeding to name a few. Many methods are used for the evaluation of such cases, with most common being sonography and endometrial biopsy with very few cases requiring more invasive approach like hysteroscopy...
January 2018: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627929/first-cardiac-manifestation-of-hypotonia-cystinuria-syndrome
#9
Mustafa Kılıç, Ahmet Cevdet Ceylan, Utku Arman Örün, Esra Kılıç
Hypotonia-cystinuria syndrome is a very rare autosomal recessive contiguous gene deletion syndrome of PREPL and SLC3A1 at 2p21 with neuromuscular and neuroendocrinologic presentation. We report a two-year-six-month-old affected female infant and her five-month-old affected brother with a novel homozygous deletion in SLC3A1 and PREPL gene. Both of siblings had mild facial dysmorphism, hypotonia, feeding problems, failure to thrive, developmental delay. She also had dilated cardiomyopathy which differ from other reported patients...
April 7, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627084/one-lung-flooding-enables-ultrasound-guided-transthoracic-needle-biopsy-of-pulmonary-nodules-with-high-sensitivity
#10
Thomas Günter Lesser, Iver Petersen, Frank Pölzing, Frank Wolfram
Ultrasound-guided transthoracic needle biopsy (USgTTNB) can only be used for peripheral tumours that contact the pleura. Sonographic accessibility of the entire lung can be achieved using one-lung flooding. In this study, feasibility, sensitivity and complication rate of USgTTNB of lung nodules after one-lung flooding in an ex vivo and in vivo lung tumour model were assessed. USgTTNB was performed ex vivo after one-lung flooding in 10 resected human lung lobes containing carcinoma or metastasis. USgTTNB after one-lung flooding and simulation of a lung nodule was conducted in vivo in 5 animals...
April 4, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626617/dynamic-sonographic-visualization-of-an-occult-posterior-lateral-meniscocapsular-separation-a-case-report
#11
Allison Schroeder, Volker Musahl, Christopher Urbanek, Kentaro Onishi
Meniscocapsular separation describes detachment of the meniscus from the knee joint capsule. Diagnosis is challenging with conventional examination and imaging methods. We report a case of an 18-year-old female softball catcher with unrevealing MRI despite continued left knee locking and discomfort with deep squatting. Meniscocapsular separation was revealed only on dynamic sonographic exam, where knee flexion revealed a 3.1 mm gap that developed between the capsule and peripheral meniscus. Arthroscopy confirmed the sonographic findings, and repair resulted in complete resolution of symptoms...
April 4, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618042/in-vivo-prediction-of-the-carcass-fatness-using-live-body-measurements-in-pekin-ducks
#12
Fang-Bin Lin, Feng Zhu, Jin-Ping Hao, Fang-Xi Yang, Zhuo-Cheng Hou
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between live body measurements and several fat traits in Pekin ducks, and ultimately to formulate multiple regression equations for the in vivo estimation of the carcass fatness of Pekin ducks. Several traits were measured in a total of 208 Pekin ducks aged 6 wk (107 males and 101 females). All ducks were weighed and measured for a set of body measurements including live body weight, body slope length, breast muscle thickness, skin fat thickness, chest width, keel length, and neck length...
March 31, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616352/efast-for-the-diagnosis-of-a-perioperative-complication-during-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#13
Achyut Sharma, Prajjwal Bhattarai, Apurb Sharma
A 29-year-old patient with normal preanesthetic evaluation was planned for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for right nephrolithiasis with right pyelolithiasis. Surgery was performed under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation with muscle relaxation. At the conclusion of surgery, when the patient was turned over to supine position, tense abdomen was noted. Immediately extended focused assessment with sonography in trauma (eFAST) was done in which both right and left quadrants of abdomen including pericardial and suprapubic region, right and left thoracic, and both lung basis were examined...
April 3, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614699/substantia-nigra-echogenicity-associated-with-clinical-subtypes-of-parkinson-s-disease
#14
Hai-Yan Zhou, Pei Huang, Qian Sun, Juan-Juan Du, Shi-Shuang Cui, Yu-Yan Tan, Yun-Yun Hu, Wei-Wei Zhan, Ying Wang, Qin Xiao, Jun Liu, Sheng-Di Chen
BACKGROUND: It is debatable whether transcranial sonography (TCS) could be a biomarker for monitoring disease progression. Various phenotypes of Parkinson's disease (PD) may be a major reason contributing to the inconsistency. OBJECTIVE: We classified PD patients into different subtypes and evaluated the correlation between SN echogenicity and disease progression. METHODS: A total of 411 PD patients were included in this study. TCS evaluations of the substantia nigra (SN) were performed, and motor and non-motor symptoms were assessed by a series of rating scales in all PD patients...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614647/reduced-cerebrovascular-reserve-capacity-as-a-biomarker-of-microangiopathy-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#15
Barbora Soukupova Urbanova, Jaroslava Paulasova Schwabova, Hana Magerova, Petr Jansky, Hana Markova, Martin Vyhnalek, Jan Laczo, Jakub Hort, Ales Tomek
BACKGROUND: Cerebral microangiopathy in Alzheimer's disease (AD) causes chronic hypoperfusion and probably accelerates neurodegenerative changes. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize microvascular impairment could be present already in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and can be revealed using transcranial color-coded sonography (TCCS) and the breath-holding maneuver. METHODS: Three groups of subjects (AD in the stage of dementia, MCI, and cognitively normal controls) with detailed neuropsychological testing and low cerebrovascular burden (no history of stroke, no intra- or extracranial artery stenoses, and no severe vascular lesions on brain MRI), underwent a TCCS assessment of peak systolic (PSV), mean flow (MFV), and end diastolic velocities (EDV) and resistance and pulsatility indices (RI, PI) in large intracranial vessels bilaterally...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614532/-current-trends-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-giant-cell-arteritis
#16
Michael Czihal, Christian Lottspeich, Ulrich Hoffmann
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common form of the primary large vessel vasculitides and typically occurs in individuals aged ≥ 50 years. This concise review article discusses current trends in the management of GCA, including important developments in sonographic assessment (B-mode sonography, contrast enhanced ultrasound) and medical treatment (biological treatment with the interleukin-6 receptor alpha inhibitor tocilizumab).
April 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613882/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-on-the-article-evaluation-of-posterosuperior-labral-tear-with-shoulder-sonography-after-intra-articular-injection
#17
Donghwi Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613880/evaluation-of-posterosuperior-labral-tear-with-shoulder-sonography-after-intra-articular-injection
#18
Hayri Ogul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608037/pain-and-structural-alterations-in-knee-joints-in-patients-with-haemophilia
#19
S Krüger, M Hoffmeister, T Hilberg
INTRODUCTION: Patients with haemophilia (PwH) suffer from haemophilic arthropathy which leads to an enhanced pain sensitivity. The aim of this study was to determine whether the individual pain condition in terms of pressure pain thresholds (PPT) at the knee joints is linked to changes of underlying anatomical structures in PwH. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eleven landmarks at both knee joints of 36 PwH and 36 controls were examined in terms of PPT and ultrasound sonography (US)...
April 2, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604232/clinical-course-of-hepatic-artery-thrombosis-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation-using-the-right-lobe
#20
Ho Joong Choi, Dong Goo Kim, Yumi Kim, Bong Jun Kwak, Jae Hyun Han, Tae Ho Hong, Young Kyoung You
Background Hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) can result in biliary tree necrosis and graft loss necessitating re-transplantation. The most effective treatment approach is still controversial. This study was performed to review the outcomes of HAT after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), and to clarify the feasibility of different strategies. Methods From May 1996 to August 2017, LDLT using the right lobe was performed in 827 adult patients in our center. Our technique of hepatic artery (HA) reconstruction is end-to-end anastomosis under a microscope (× 10)...
March 31, 2018: Liver Transplantation
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