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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821925/cystic-degeneration-of-the-tibial-nerve-magnetic-resonance-neurography-and-sonography-appearances-of-an-intraneural-ganglion-cyst
#1
Cláudio Régis Sampaio Silveira, Clarissa Gadelha Maia Vieira, Brenda Machado Pereira, Luiz Holanda Pinto Neto, Avneesh Chhabra
Extra- and intraneural ganglion cysts have been described in the literature. The tibial nerve ganglion is uncommon and its occurrence without intra-articular extension atypical. The pathogenesis of cystic degeneration localized to connective and perineural tissue secondary to chronic mechanical irritation or idiopathic mucoid degeneration is hypothesized. Since the above pathology is extremely rare and the magnetic resonance imaging examination detects the defining characteristics of the intrinsic alterations of the tibial nerve, the authors illustrate such a case of tibial intaneural ganglion cyst with its magnetic resonance neurography and sonography appearances...
August 18, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820399/repetitive-muscle-compression-reduces-vascular-mechano-sensitivity-and-the-hyperemic-response-to-muscle-contraction
#2
A Messere, M Turturici, G Millo, S Roatta
Animal studies have shown that the rapid hyperemic response to external muscle compression undergoes inactivation upon repetitive stimulation, but this phenomenon has never been observed in humans. The aim of the present study was to determine whether 1) the vascular mechano-sensitivity underlying muscle compression-induced hyperemia is inactivated in an inter-stimulus interval (ISI)-dependent fashion upon repetitive stimulation, as suggested by animal studies, and 2) whether such inactivation also attenuates contraction-induced hyperemia...
June 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819940/the-analysis-of-repeatability-and-reproducibility-of-bladder-neck-mobility-measurements-obtained-during-pelvic-floor-sonography-performed-introitally-with-2d-transvaginal-probe
#3
Edyta Wlaźlak, Tomasz Kluz, Jacek Kociszewski, Karolina Frachowicz, Magdalena Janowska, Wiktor Wlaźlak, Grzegorz Surkont
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was the evaluation of repeatability and reproducibility of chosen urethral neck mobility measurements obtained during introital pelvic floor sonography performed with a 2D transvaginal probe. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In order to assess the repeatability and reproducibility, independent measurements on the ultra-sound image were taken by two specialists on 92 female patients at rest and at strain (Valsalva maneuver). 2D ultrasound examination was performed introitally with a transvaginal probe (PFS-TV)...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818179/multiple-trauma-and-emergency-room-management
#4
Michael Frink, Philipp Lechler, Florian Debus, Steffen Ruchholtz
BACKGROUND: The care of severely injured patients remains a challenge. Their initial treatment in the emergency room is the essential link between first aid in the field and definitive in-hospital treatment. METHODS: We present important elements of the initial in-hospital care of severely injured patients on the basis of pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed and the current German S3 guideline on the care of severely and multiply traumatized patients, which was last updated in 2016...
July 24, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818013/relationship-between-doppler-findings-and-fetal-brain-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-in-early-onset-intra-uterine-growth-restriction
#5
Mehmet Serdar Kutuk, Murside Sahin, Sureyya Burcu Gorkem, Selim Doganay, Ahmet Ozturk
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess the relationship between uteroplacental Doppler sonography findings and cerebral diffusion measured by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) in fetuses with early- onset intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 54 pregnant women with fetal IUGR and 15 healthy controls (n: 15). Fetuses with IUGR were classified into 4 groups based on Doppler findings: group 1 (n = 12), umbilical artery (UA) pulsatility index (PI) >95pc; group 2 (n = 11), UA PI > 95 pc and middle cerebral artery PI <5pc; group 3 (n = 21), absent end-diastolic (A-EDF) in UA; group 4 (n = 10), reversed EDF in UA...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814248/pediatric-abdominal-trauma
#6
Tim Lynch
Abdominal trauma is present in approximately 25% of pediatric patients with major trauma and is the most common cause of unrecognized fatal injury in children. Pediatric abdominal trauma is typically blunt in nature with the spleen being the most common organ injured. Non-operative management is employed in over 95% of patients. Penetrating injuries are less common but often require operative management. Knowledge of specific mechanisms of injury aids the clinician in the diagnosis of specific injuries. Computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard in the identification of intra-abdominal injury...
August 14, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811690/biochemical-profile-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-patients-in-eastern-india-with-histopathological-correlation
#7
Manorama Swain, Preetam Nath, Prasant Kumar Parida, Jimmy Narayan, Pradeep Kumar Padhi, Girish Kumar Pati, Ayaskanta Singh, Bijay Misra, Debasis Misra, Sanjib Kumar Kar, Manas Kumar Panigrahi, Chudamani Meher, Omprakash Agrawal, Niranjan Rout, Kaumudee Pattnaik, Pallavi Bhuyan, Pramila Kumari Mishra, Shivaram Prasad Singh
Aminotransferase assay is often used as a screening test as well as an endpoint for resolution of disease in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship of transaminase level with metabolic variables and histology in NAFLD. Single center observational study was conducted in a gastroenterology clinic at Cuttack in coastal Odisha. Subjects were consecutive patients presenting with functional bowel disease and undergoing abdominal sonography. All participants were evaluated for the presence of metabolic syndrome (MS), insulin resistance, liver function test and lipid profile...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810926/the-association-between-sonographic-enthesitis-and-radiographic-damage-in-psoriatic-arthritis
#8
Ari Polachek, Richard Cook, Vinod Chandran, Dafna D Gladman, Lihi Eder
BACKGROUND: To examine the association between sonographic enthesitis and the severity of radiographic features of damage in the peripheral and axial joints in psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in patients with PsA. The MAdrid Sonography Enthesitis Index (MASEI) scoring system was used to quantify the extent of sonographic entheseal abnormalities. Radiographic damage in the peripheral joints and spine was assessed by the modified Steinbrocker score (mSS), Modified New York Criteria for sacroiliitis, and the modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spine Score (mSASSS)...
August 15, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808735/-diagnostics-and-endovascular-treatment-of-venous-diseases
#9
L Kamper, A Altenburg, M Das, P Haage
In venous disease, acute thromboses and chronic venous insufficiency have the highest health economics relevance. Duplex sonography is the first line diagnostic assessment tool, while cross-sectional imaging is employed as a supplementary method. Due to the availability and examination times computed tomography is preferred in the emergency setting and is supplemented by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for specific questions. Endovascular treatment procedures are increasingly becoming available in addition to classical conservative treatment methods...
August 14, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808649/the-effect-of-a-single-dose-dantrolene-in-patients-with-vasospasm-following-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#10
Masih Sabouri, Mahmood Momeni, Fariborz Khorvash, Majid Rezvani, Homayon Tabesh
BACKGROUND: Cerebral vasospasm is a prolonged, occasionally severe, but reversible narrowing of the cerebral arteries that begins 3 to 5 days after the hemorrhage becomes maximal at 14 days. This study is designed to evaluate the effect of dantrolene on the reduction of vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 32 patients with proven aneurysms in AL-Zahra hospital during 2011-2013...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808648/traumatic-arteriovenous-malformation-of-the-superficial-temporal-artery
#11
Mahmoud Omrani Fard, Omid Yousofnejad, Mohammadbagher Heydari
Most of the vascular lesions on head and neck soft tissue are congenital, but a rare cause can be trauma. A 23-year-old man came to our clinic with a wide pulsatile tortuous mass in the left temporofrontal area. That mass was appeared since 10 years ago. Ten years before his coming to our clinic, he had a blunt trauma in that area. After that, a small wound appeared there and healed gradually. In clinical examination, mass was large and pulsatile, and a fine murmur was detected from it. In paraclinical examination, computed tomography scan with intravenous contrast and sonography revealed a vascular mass with arteriovenous (AV) fistula in soft tissue only in that area...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807863/prenatal-diagnosis-of-complex-phenotype-in-a-13-week-old-fetus-with-an-interstitial-multigene-deletion-20q13-13-q13-2-by-chromosomal-microarray
#12
Feodora Stipoljev, Danka Miric-Tesanic, Tomislav Hafner, Maja Barbalic, Monika Logara, Ruzica Lasan-Trcic, Ana Vicic, Romana Gjergja-Juraski
We report the first trimester three-dimensional ultrasonographic findings in a 13-week-old fetus with complex phenotype and a de novo 4.7 Mb multigene deletion encompassing chromosome region 20q13.13-q13.2 detected by chromosomal microarray. Fetal sonography detected radial-ray anomalies in the form of bilateral absence of thumbs and the left club hand deformity. The presence of single atrioventricular canal instead of the atrial septal defect typical for Holt-Oram syndrome pointed us to rather suspect the SALL4 related diseases...
August 11, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806284/is-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-practical-in-severe-chest-trauma-a-systematic-review-in-single-center-of-developing-country
#13
Up Huh, Seunghwan Song, Sung Woon Chung, Sang-Pil Kim, Chung Won Lee, Hyo Young Ahn, Miju Bae, Seon Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: We report our experience with extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) in patients with rupture of heart and major vessels caused by severe chest trauma. METHODS: From April 2015 to May 2016, 10 patients with suspected injuries to the heart and major vessels following focused assessment with sonography in trauma or computed tomography were selected from patients admitted at a level I trauma centre presenting with cardiac tamponade and tension haemothorax due to severe chest trauma...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804587/primary-hepatic-lymphoma-mimicking-cholangiocarcinoma
#14
Foroogh Forghani, Mohsen Masoodi, Maryam Kadivar
Primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) presenting with obstructive jaundice is rare and can mimic a preoperative diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma. We should consider PHL in patients with radiological hepatic disease with normal serum alpha-fetoprotein and carcinoembryonic antigen levels, and elevated lactate dehydrogenase. We present the case of a 67-year-old male with no significant medical history presented with abdominal pain, jaundice, fever, and abnormal liver function tests. Abdominal sonography and computed tomography scan suggested a diagnosis of obstructive jaundice and cholangitis due to cholangiocarcinoma (Klatskin tumor)...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802956/magnetic-resonance-imaging-compared-with-rectal-endoscopic-sonography-for-the-prediction-of-infiltration-depth-in-colorectal-endometriosis
#15
Arane Kim, Pedro Fernandez, Brigitte Martin, Laurent Palazzo, Lara Ribeiro-Parenti, Francine Walker, Margot Bucau, Dominique Luton, Carmen Chis, Martin Koskas
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracies of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and rectal endoscopic sonography (RES) in the prediction of the infiltration depth of colorectal endometriosis. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: University teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Forty patients with symptomatic deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) of the rectum who underwent colorectal resection were included...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801417/optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-sonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-increased-intracranial-pressure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#16
Alex Koziarz, Niv Sne, Fraser Kegel, Waleed Alhazzani, Siddharth Nath, Jetan H Badhiwala, Timothy Rice, Paul Engels, Faidi Samir, Andrew Healey, Kamyar Kahnamoui, Laura Banfield, Sunjay Sharma, Kesava Reddy, Gregory W J Hawryluk, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Saleh A Almenawer
INTRODUCTION: Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) is a significant neurological issue that may lead to permanent neurological sequelae. When evaluating patients with traumatic brain injury, it is crucial to identify those with high ICP in order to expedite ICP lowering measures and maintain adequate cerebral perfusion. Several measures are used to recognise patients with increased ICP including CT scan, MRI, ICP monitor, and lumbar puncture (LP). However, these tests can be invasive, associated with radiation exposure, contraindicated, or not readily available...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801322/portal-vein-aneurysm-in-thalassaemia
#17
Simi Das, Mousam Dey, Vinay Kumar, Hira Lal
Arterial aneurysms are more common than visceral venous aneurysms. Portal vein aneurysms being the most common type of visceral venous aneurysms. Here, we present an 18-year-old young woman with thalassaemia major, who presented with headache, palpitation, shortness of breath and a recent increase in blood transfusion rate. On clinical examination, she had hepatosplenomegaly. Ultrasonography revealed hepatosplenomegaly with fusiform dilatation of extrahepatic portal vein, which was confirmed to be portal vein aneurysm on contrast enhanced CT...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796549/association-of-brca-mutation-types-imaging-features-and-pathologic-findings-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-with-brca1-and-brca2-mutations
#18
Su Min Ha, Eun Young Chae, Joo Hee Cha, Hak Hee Kim, Hee Jung Shin, Woo Jung Choi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to retrospectively evaluate the relationships between the BRCA mutation types, imaging features, and pathologic findings of breast cancers in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified patients with breast cancer with BRCA gene mutations from January 2000 to December 2014. After excluding patients who underwent lesion excision before MRI, 99 BRCA1 and 103 BRCA2 lesions in 187 women (mean age, 39...
August 10, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794661/focused-assessment-with-sonography-for-trauma-current-perspectives
#19
REVIEW
Sorravit Savatmongkorngul, Sirote Wongwaisayawan, Rathachai Kaewlai
Focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) is a part of resuscitation of trauma patients recommended by international panel consensus. The purpose of FAST is to identify free fluid, which necessarily means blood in acute trauma patients. In this article, the authors focused on various aspects of FAST in the emergency department, prehospital care, pediatric setting, training and general pearls/pitfalls. Detailed techniques and interpretation of FAST are beyond the scope of this article.
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791808/a-randomized-blinded-comparative-study-of-clinical-response-to-surface-anatomy-guided-injection-versus-sonography-guided-injection-of-hyaloronic-acid-in-patients-with-primary-knee-osteoarthritis
#20
Nahid Kianmehr, Atefeh Hasanzadeh, Farrokh Naderi, Sholeh Khajoei, Anousheh Haghighi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Comparison between the effect of sonographic guided and blind knee injection of hyaluronic acid has been evaluated in this study. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Sixty-one patients with primary knee osteoarthritis were randomly allocated into two groups and received intrabursal injection of hyaloronic acid over 3 weeks. The difference between baseline amounts of Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score and visual analogue scale (VAS) score and these amounts after 6 and 12 weeks were calculated and subsequently compared between the two groups...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
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