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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331169/the-introduction-of-simple-cardiorespiratory-fitness-testing-in-overweight-obese-type-2-diabetics-a-pilot-study
#1
Ľubica Cibičková, David Karásek, Jiří Lukeš, Norbert Cibiček
BACKGROUND: Low level of cardiorespiratory fitness has been recognized as an important independent and modifiable risk factor of increased morbidity and mortality. However, in standard outpatient settings, patients are not routinely screened for fitness and advantages of such testing for the management of type 2 diabetes have not been defined. Aim To describe the toleration of a fast, simple and practicable fitness test (2-min step-in-place test) by overweight/obese type 2 diabetics and their performance indicated by 2-min step-in-place test score (STS)...
January 14, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331096/promoting-physical-activity-and-improving-dietary-quality-of-singaporean-adolescents-effectiveness-of-a-school-based-fitness-and-wellness-program
#2
Claudine Loong, Latasha Leo, Danielle Goh, Pei Sin Lim, Wai Mun Loke
Limited data are available on the effectiveness of the school-based structured fitness and wellness program to influence dietary quality and physical activity levels in Singaporean adolescents. The study examined if a 20-h (over 10 weeks) school-based structured fitness and wellness module affects the diet quality indices, energy intakes, physical activity levels and the associated energy expenditures in a group of healthy, male adolescents with low diet quality and physical activity levels. Participant demography, anthropometry, dietary intake and daily physical activity were obtained at the beginning, mid-point and end of the 10-week program...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330373/the-association-of-fit-fat-index-with-incident-diabetes-in-japanese-men-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Robert A Sloan, Susumu S Sawada, Lee I-Min, Yuko Gando, Ryoko Kawakami, Takashi Okamoto, Koji Tsukamoto, Motohiko Miyachi
Type 2 diabetes is increasing globally and in Asia. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of a fit-fat index (FFI) with diabetes incidence among Japanese men. In total 5,014 men aged 18-64 years old, who had an annual health check up with no history of major chronic disease at baseline from 2002 to 2009 were observed. CRF was estimated via cycle ergometry. Overall, 7.6% of the men developed diabetes. The mean follow-up period was 5.3 years. Hazard ratios, 95% confidence intervals and P trend for diabetes incidence were obtained using the Cox proportional hazards model while adjusting for confounding variables...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330176/therapists-experiences-with-a-new-treatment-combining-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-the-ped-t-for-eating-disorders-an-interview-study-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-at-the-norwegian-school-of-sport-sciences
#4
Maria Bakland, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Rolf Wynn, Jan H Rosenvinge, Annett Victoria Stornæs, Gunn Pettersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to explore how therapists running a guided physical exercise and dietary therapy programme (PED-t) experience their contribution to the treatment of patients with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. METHODS: Ten therapists running the PED-t were semistructurally interviewed and the transcribed interviews were analysed using a systematic text condensation approach. SETTING: The study was run within the context of a randomised controlled trial at the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329670/motor-skill-interventions-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Jane J Yu, Cindy H P Sit, Angus F Burnett
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics and effectiveness of motor skill interventions in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and to identify potential moderators of training effects using meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted in six databases (CINAHL Plus, Cochrane Library, Embase, Eric, PsycInfo, and PubMed) for papers published between 1995 and August 2017 using search items which were grouped in three components (motor skill interventions, DCD, and age group of interest)...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329555/exercise-during-and-after-neoadjuvant-rectal-cancer-treatment-the-exert-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Andria R Morielli, Nawaid Usmani, Normand G Boulé, Diane Severin, Keith Tankel, Tirath Nijjar, Kurian Joseph, Alysa Fairchild, Kerry S Courneya
BACKGROUND: Standard treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer includes 5-6 weeks of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) followed by total mesorectal excision 6-8 weeks later. NACRT improves local disease control and surgical outcomes but also causes side effects including fatigue, diarrhea, hand-foot syndrome, and physical deconditioning that may impede quality of life (QoL), treatment completion, treatment response, and long-term prognosis. Interventions to improve treatment outcomes and manage side effects that are safe, tolerable and low-cost are highly desirable...
January 12, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326985/use-of-an-autonomous-surface-vehicle-reveals-small-scale-diel-vertical-migrations-of-zooplankton-and-susceptibility-to-light-pollution-under-low-solar-irradiance
#7
Martin Ludvigsen, Jørgen Berge, Maxime Geoffroy, Jonathan H Cohen, Pedro R De La Torre, Stein M Nornes, Hanumant Singh, Asgeir J Sørensen, Malin Daase, Geir Johnsen
Light is a major cue for nearly all life on Earth. However, most of our knowledge concerning the importance of light is based on organisms' response to light during daytime, including the dusk and dawn phase. When it is dark, light is most often considered as pollution, with increasing appreciation of its negative ecological effects. Using an Autonomous Surface Vehicle fitted with a hyperspectral irradiance sensor and an acoustic profiler, we detected and quantified the behavior of zooplankton in an unpolluted light environment in the high Arctic polar night and compared the results with that from a light-polluted environment close to our research vessels...
January 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326904/effects-of-habitual-smoking-on-cardiopulmonary-function-in-taekwondo-athletes
#8
Dong-Jin Jang, Hee-Cheol Kim, Jae-Kyung Kim, Sun-Young Jung, Dae-Young Kim
This study aimed to verify habitual smoking effects on cardiopulmonary function in taekwondo athletes. Subjects were university taekwondo athletes aged 20-24 years in nonsmoker (n= 9) and smoker (n= 6) groups. Subjects underwent an exercise examination for their ventilation threshold, minute ventilation, oxygen uptake, maximum volume of minute oxygen consumption, heart rate, and oxygen pulse during exercise and 1, 3, and 5 min after maximum exercise. The time of reaching the ventilation threshold was significantly higher in nonsmokers than in smokers...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326817/seating-in-aged-care-physical-fit-independence-and-comfort
#9
Alethea Blackler, Claire Brophy, Maria O'Reilly, Marianella Chamorro-Koc
Objectives: This research was intended to provide a greater understanding of the context and needs of aged care seating, specifically:To conduct an audit of typical chairs used in aged care facilities;To collect data about resident and staff experiences and behaviour around chairs in order to gain a deeper understanding of the exact issues that residents and staff have with the chairs they use at aged care facilities;To identify positive and negative issues influencing use of chairs in aged care facilities;To deliver evidence-based recommendations for the design of chairs for aged care facilities...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326087/a-multicomponent-exercise-program-improves-physical-function-in-long-term-nursing-home-residents-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Haritz Arrieta, Chloe Rezola, Idoia Zarrazquin, Iñaki Echeverria, Jose Javier Yanguas, Miren Iturburu, Susana Maria Gil, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Jon Irazusta
To investigate the impact of a multicomponent exercise program on anthropometry, physical function, and physical activity on older adults living in long-term nursing homes (LTNH), we conducted a randomized controlled trial involving 112 participants aged 84.9 ± 6.9 years. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention (IG) or control group (CG). The IG participated in a 3-month multicomponent exercise intervention focused on strength, balance, stretching exercises, and walking recommendations...
January 8, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325704/psychometrics-of-the-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-physical-function-instrument-administered-by-computerized-adaptive-testing-and-the-disabilities-of-arm-shoulder-and-hand-in-the-orthopedic-elbow-patient-population
#11
Man Hung, Maren W Voss, Jerry Bounsanga, Yushan Gu, Erin K Granger, Robert Z Tashjian
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Physical Function (PF) instrument administered through computerized adaptive testing (CAT) compared with the traditional full-length Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH). METHODS: The PROMIS PF CAT and the DASH were administered to 1759 patients seeking care for elbow conditions. This study used Rasch partial credit modeling to analyze the instruments with item fit, internal reliability, response category thresholds, dimensionality, local independence, gender differential item functioning, and floor and ceiling effects...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325578/effects-of-a-peer-led-walking-in-schools-intervention-the-wish-study-on-physical-activity-levels-of-adolescent-girls-a-cluster-randomised-pilot-study
#12
Angela Carlin, Marie H Murphy, Alan Nevill, Alison M Gallagher
BACKGROUND: School-based interventions may be effective at increasing levels of physical activity (PA) among adolescents; however, there is a paucity of evidence on whether walking can be successfully promoted to increase PA in this age group. This pilot study aimed to assess the effects of a 12-week school-based peer-led brisk walking programme on levels of school-time PA post intervention. METHODS: Female participants, aged 11-13 years, were recruited from six post-primary schools in Northern Ireland...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325517/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-daily-mile-on-childhood-obesity-and-wellbeing-the-birmingham-daily-mile-protocol
#13
Katie Breheny, Peymane Adab, Sandra Passmore, James Martin, Emma Lancashire, Karla Hemming, Emma Frew
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity prevention is a public health priority. Children spend a large proportion of their waking time in school; therefore this is an appropriate setting to implement obesity prevention initiatives. Anecdotal reports suggest that implementing The Daily Mile in schools has had positive effects on childhood obesity, academic attainment and wellbeing. This trial aims to measure the effectiveness of The Daily Mile for improving health and wellbeing. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) in 40 primary schools located in Birmingham, UK...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325175/early-parental-abuse-and-daily-assistance-to-aging-parents-with-disability-associations-with-the-middle-aged-adults-daily-well-being
#14
Yin Liu, Jooyoung Kong, Lauren R Bangerter, Steven H Zarit, David M Almeida
Objectives: The current study examined the within-person association between providing daily assistance to aging parents with disability and adult children's daily mood in the context of early relationship with parents. Methods: We used data from 782 participants and 5,758 daily interviews from the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) Refresher, with 248 people self-reported providing daily assistance ranging from 1 to 8 days out of the entire daily-interview period...
January 9, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324577/physical-fitness-performance-of-young-professional-soccer-players-does-not-change-during-several-training-seasons-in-a-spanish-elite-reserve-team-a-club-study-1996-2013
#15
Asier Los Arcos, Javier Martins
The purpose of the study was to assess the changes in physical fitness performance in young professional soccer players during several training seasons in a Spanish elite reserve team. Physical test values (i.e. vertical jump test, straight line sprint test, and discontinuous and progressive submaximal running test) of 97 young professional soccer players that belonged for at least two consecutive seasons to the reserve team of a Spanish professional team from 1996 to 2013 were analyzed. A distinction was made between the soccer players that were promoted to the Spanish 1/2 Divisions (n = 38) (PFL) and those that were not (n = 59) (non-PFL) (until the end of the 2016/2017 season)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324457/successful-first-gait-of-a-child-with-hip-disarticulation-prosthesis-a-case-report
#16
Hitomi Hara, Teruya Kawamoto, Naomasa Fukase, Etsuko Katayama, Toshiyuki Takemori, Shuichi Fujiwara, Yoshitada Sakai, Kotaro Nishida, Ryosuke Kuroda, Toshihiro Akisue
An infant boy underwent hip disarticulation for infantile fibrosarcoma immediately after birth. His rehabilitation began when he was 4 months old and involved training with his left (residual) leg. He could stand with support at 12 months. His initial prosthesis fitting was performed at the age of 13 months. He could stand and walk with support at 15 months of age and could walk with no additional support and go up and down stairs at 2 years. A single-axis prosthetic knee joint was introduced at the age of 2 years 3 months...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323831/biking-for-health-results-of-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-examining-the-impact-of-a-bicycling-intervention-on-lower-income-adults
#17
Rebecca Bernstein, Robert Schneider, Whitney Welch, Anne Dressel, Melissa DeNomie, Jennifer Kusch, Mirtha Sosa
INTRODUCTION: This pilot study tested the efficacy of a bicycling intervention targeting inactive, low-income, overweight adults on reducing perceived barriers to bicycling, increasing physical activity, and improving health. METHODS: A nonblinded 2-site randomized controlled trial was conducted in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in summer 2015. Participants included members from 1 largely Latino community and a second primarily African American neighborhood. A certified bicycling instructor led a 12-week bicycling intervention...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321542/timing-of-spermarche-and-menarche-among-urban-students-in-guangzhou-china-trends-from-2005-to-2012-and-association-with-obesity
#18
Yusheng Deng, Jianping Liang, Yinan Zong, Ping Yu, Runsheng Xie, Yangfeng Guo, Zhen Wang, Nali Deng, Yanhui Gao, Yi Jiang, Yi Yang, Jiewen Yang, Li Liu
In Guangzhou, China, whether the trend of a decreasing pubertal age has continued in recent years remained unknown, and the association between obesity and early puberty was still controversial. Herein, we conducted a serial cross-sectional study using data from physical fitness surveillance (2005-2012), to determine the recent trends in age at spermarche and menarche among students in Guangzhou, and to investigate whether elevated BMI modified timing of spermarche and menarche. This study included 1,278,258 urban students...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320446/physical-activity-physical-fitness-body-composition-and-nutrition-are-associated-with-bone-status-in-university-students
#19
Gotzone Hervás, Fátima Ruiz-Litago, Jon Irazusta, Ainhoa Fernández-Atutxa, Ana Belen Fraile-Bermúdez, Idoia Zarrazquin
Understanding the modifiable factors that improve and maximize peak bone mass at an early age is necessary to design more effective intervention programs to prevent osteoporosis. To identify these modifiable factors, we analyzed the relationship of physical activity (PA), physical fitness, body composition, and dietary intake with bone stiffness index (SI), measured by quantitative ultrasonometry in young university students (18-21 years). Moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was the strongest predictor of SI (β = 0...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320375/psychological-flexibility-mediates-the-effect-of-an-online-based-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-chronic-pain-an-investigation-of-change-processes
#20
Jiaxi Lin, Laura-Isabelle Klatt, Lance M McCracken, Harald Baumeister
One way to improve treatment effects of chronic pain is to identify and improve control over mechanisms of therapeutic change. One treatment approach that includes a specific proposed mechanism is acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) with its focus on increasing psychological flexibility (PF). The aim of the present study was to examine the role of PF as a mechanism of change in ACT. This is based on mediation analyses of data from a previously reported randomized controlled trial, evaluating the effectiveness of an ACT-based online intervention for chronic pain (ACTonPain)...
December 15, 2017: Pain
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