keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

physical fitness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156180/the-role-of-behavioral-medicine-in-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-primary-care
#1
REVIEW
Scott Kahan, Dawn K Wilson, Allison M Sweeney
Behavioral medicine provides a framework for supporting patients to achieve changes in target health behaviors, such as dietary and physical activity changes. Behavioral medicine fits alongside traditional medical treatments, can minimize the need for more intensive medical treatments, improves outcomes of these treatments, and improves adherence to medication prescriptions or postsurgical recommendations. This article provides an overview of behavioral medicine counseling for obesity in primary care, rooted in the "5 As" approach to health behavior change, and the basic outline of behavioral skills interventions in which health care providers use self-regulatory and behavioral strategies to improve health-related behaviors among patients with obesity...
January 2018: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155255/the-role-of-epigenetics-in-cardiovascular-health-and-aging-a-focus-on-physical-activity-and-nutrition
#2
REVIEW
Robert G Wallace, Laura C Twomey, Marc-Antoine Custaud, Jonathan Turner, Niall Moyna, Philip M Cummins, Ronan P Murphy
The cardiovascular system is responsible for transport of blood and nutrients to tissues, and is pivotal to the physiological health and longevity. Epigenetic modification is a natural, age-associated process resulting in highly contextualised gene expression with clear implications for cell differentiation and disease onset. Biological/epigenetic age is independent of chronological age, constituting a highly reflective snapshot of an individual's overall health. Accelerated vascular aging is of major concern, effectively lowering disease threshold...
November 16, 2017: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154814/effects-of-aquarobic-exercise-and-burdock-intake-on-serum-blood-lipids-and-vascular-elasticity-in-korean-elderly-women
#3
Min-Seong Ha, Ji-Hyeon Kim, You-Sin Kim, Do-Yeon Kim
BACKGROUND: The elderly's health issues are often complex and tend to lead to chronic diseases; such issues can be due to a fitness decline resulting from a lack of physical activities. The burdock root is a blood purifier, lymphatic system strengthener, and natural diuretic. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of aquarobic exercise and burdock intake on serum blood lipids and vascular elasticity in elderly women by implementing a 12-week program with these interventions...
November 14, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151609/clues-to-nacn-formation
#4
G Quintana-Lacaci, J Cernicharo, L Velilla Prieto, M Agúndez, A Castro-Carrizo, J P Fonfría, S Massalkhi, J R Pardo
Context: ALMA is providing us essential information on where certain molecules form. Observing where these molecules emission arises from, the physical conditions of the gas, and how this relates with the presence of other species allows us to understand the formation of many species, and to significantly improve our knowledge of the chemistry that occurs in the space. Aims: We studied the molecular distribution of NaCN around IRC +10216, a molecule detected previously, but whose origin is not clear...
November 2017: Astronomy and Astrophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151560/-structural-equation-modeling-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-epilepsy
#5
Jeong Ok Ko, Myung Ha Lee
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify variables influencing the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of adults with epilepsy in order to establish a structural model and design an intervention strategy to improve patients' HRQoL. METHODS: The selected subjects were 212 patients with epilepsy aged between 18 and 70 years who were currently receiving treatment from hospital, general hospital, and clinic. They were surveyed using a structured questionnaire. RESULTS: The goodness of fit measures of the final hypothetical model were as follows: χ²/df=2...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149890/physical-activity-and-calorie-intake-mediate-the-relationship-from-depression-to-body-fat-mass-among-female-mexican-health-workers
#6
Amado D Quezada, Nayeli Macías-Waldman, Jorge Salmerón, Tessa Swigart, Katia Gallegos-Carrillo
BACKGROUND: Depression is a foremost cause of morbidity throughout the world and the prevalence of depression in women is about twice as high as men. Additionally, overweight and obesity are major global health concerns. We explored the relationship between depression and body fat, and the role of physical activity and diet as mediators of this relationship in a sample of 456 adult female Mexican health workers. METHOD: Longitudinal and cross-sectional analyses using data from adult women of the Health Workers Cohort Study (HWCS) Measures of body fat mass (kg from DEXA), dietary intake (kcal from FFQ), leisure time activity (METs/wk) and depression (CES-D) were determined in two waves (2004-2006 and 2010-2011)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149190/improved-capture-of-drosophila-suzukii-by-a-trap-baited-with-two-attractants-in-the-same-device
#7
Rodrigo Lasa, Eduardo Tadeo, Ricardo A Toledo-Hérnandez, Lino Carmona, Itzel Lima, Trevor Williams
The improvement of trap-lure combinations is an important part of integrated pest management programs that involve monitoring pests for timely insecticide applications, or for their use in control strategies such as mass trapping or bait stations. In this study improvements in the capture of Drosophila suzukii were not observed following the inclusion of different color stimuli with respect to a red-black stripe cup trap. This red-black stripe trap with a hemispherical dome-shaped lid had a significantly improved physical retention of flies compared to traps fitted with a flat lid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148627/assessment-of-endpoint-criteria-and-perceived-barriers-during-maximal-cardiorespiratory-fitness-testing-among-pregnant-women
#8
Caitlin M Hesse, Rachel A Tinius, Bailey J Cooley, Alyssa A Olenick, Maire M Blankenship, Donald L Hoover, Jill M Maples
BACKGROUND: A plateau in volume of oxygen consumption (VO2) is the primary indicator for determining if an individual has reached their maximal aerobic capacity. However, secondary criteria can also be used to identify maximal effort (i.e. lactate level, rating of perceived exertion (RPE), percent of age-predicted maximal heart rate (HR) and respiratory exchange ratio (RER)). Age and gender-specific secondary criteria have been developed for the general population, but no secondary criteria have been established for pregnant women...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148573/phenotypic-and-genetic-integration-of-personality-and-growth-under-competition-in-the-sheepshead-swordtail-xiphophorus-birchmanni
#9
K Boulton, C A Walling, A J Grimmer, G G Rosenthal, A J Wilson
Competition for resources including food, physical space, and potential mates is a fundamental ecological process shaping variation in individual phenotype and fitness. The evolution of competitive ability, in particular social dominance, depends on genetic (co)variation among traits causal (e.g., behaviour) or consequent (e.g. growth) to competitive outcomes. If dominance is heritable, it will generate both direct and indirect genetic effects (IGE) on resource dependent traits. The latter are expected to impose evolutionary constraint because winners necessarily gain resources at the expense of losers...
November 17, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147847/r-hyper-cvad-versus-r-chop-cytarabine-with-high-dose-therapy-and-autologous-haematopoietic-stem-cell-support-in-fit-patients-with-mantle-cell-lymphoma-20%C3%A2-years-of-single-center-experience
#10
Fabienne Widmer, Stefan Balabanov, Davide Soldini, Panagiotis Samaras, Bernhard Gerber, Markus G Manz, Jeroen S Goede
Standard of care for untreated mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is still debated. At the University Hospital Zurich, advanced MCL in physically fit patients is treated either with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone induction followed by consolidating high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell support (R-CHOP/HD-ASCT), or with rituximab plus fractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin and dexamethasone alternating with high-dose methotrexate-cytarabine (R-hyper-CVAD/MTX-AraC) without consolidating HD-ASCT upon physicians' and patients' choice...
November 16, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147750/the-association-between-childhood-fractures-and-adolescence-bone-outcomes-a-population-based-study-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#11
T Christoffersen, N Emaus, E Dennison, A-S Furberg, L Gracia-Marco, G Grimnes, O A Nilsen, D Vlachopoulos, A Winther, L A Ahmed
Childhood fracture may predict persistent skeletal fragility, but it may also reflect high physical activity which is beneficial to bone development. We observe a difference in the relationship between previous fracture and bone outcome across physical activity level and sex. Further elaboration on this variation is needed. PURPOSE: Childhood fracture may be an early marker of skeletal fragility, or increased levels of physical activity (PA), which are beneficial for bone mineral accrual...
November 16, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146224/joint-trajectories-of-cognition-and-frailty-and-associated-burden-of-patient-reported-outcomes
#12
Zuyun Liu, Ling Han, Evelyne A Gahbauer, Heather G Allore, Thomas M Gill
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate joint trajectories of cognition and frailty and their association with the cumulative burden of patient-reported outcomes, including hospitalization, nursing home admission, and disability. DESIGN: Longitudinal study of 754 community-living persons aged 70 or older. PARTICIPANTS: 690 participants who had a baseline and at least one follow-up assessment of cognition and frailty between 1998 and 2009. MEASUREMENTS: Cognition was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146199/noise-can-affect-acoustic-communication-and-subsequent-spawning-success-in-fish
#13
Karen de Jong, M Clara P Amorim, Paulo J Fonseca, Clive J Fox, Katja U Heubel
There are substantial concerns that increasing levels of anthropogenic noise in the oceans may impact aquatic animals. Noise can affect animals physically, physiologically and behaviourally, but one of the most obvious effects is interference with acoustic communication. Acoustic communication often plays a crucial role in reproductive interactions and over 800 species of fish have been found to communicate acoustically. There is very little data on whether noise affects reproduction in aquatic animals, and none in relation to acoustic communication...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145883/self-reported-actual-and-desired-proportion-of-sitting-standing-walking-and-physically-demanding-tasks-of-office-employees-in-the-workplace-setting-do-they-fit-together
#14
Birgit Wallmann-Sperlich, Josephine Y Chau, Ingo Froboese
OBJECTIVE: Occupational sitting time in white-collar workers represents a prominent contributor to overall daily sitting time, which is associated with various health risks. Workplace interventions intending to reduce sitting time during work typically focus on replacing sitting with standing. The aim was to investigate and compare actual and desired proportions of time spent sitting, standing, walking, and doing physically demanding tasks at work reported by desk-based workers. Cross-sectional data were collected from German desk-based workers (n = 614; 53...
November 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144964/biocultural-approach-of-the-association-between-maturity-and-physical-activity-in-youth
#15
André O Werneck, Danilo R P Silva, Paul Collings, Rômulo A Fernandes, Enio R V Ronque, Manuel J Coelho-E-Silva, Luís B Sardinha, Edilson S Cyrino
OBJECTIVE: To test the biocultural model through direct and indirect associations between biological maturation, adiposity, cardiorespiratory fitness, sadness, social relationships, and physical activity in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 1152 Brazilian adolescents aged between 10 and 17 years. Somatic maturation was estimated through Mirwald's method (peak height velocity). Physical activity was assessed through Baecke questionnaire (occupational, leisure, and sport contexts)...
November 13, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143840/nonaffine-deformation-and-tunable-yielding-of-colloidal-assemblies-at-the-air-water-interface
#16
Armando Maestro, Alessio Zaccone
Silica nanoparticles trapped at the air-water interface form a 2D solid state with amorphous order. We propose a theoretical model to describe how this solid-like state deforms under a shear strain ramp up to and beyond a yielding point which leads to plastic flow. The model accounts for all the particle-level and many-body physics of the system: nonaffine displacements, local connectivity and its evolution in terms of cage-breaking, and interparticle interactions mediated by the particle chemistry and colloidal forces...
November 16, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140914/sequencing-effects-of-neuromuscular-training-on-physical-fitness-in-youth-elite-tennis-players
#17
Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez, Urs Granacher, David Sanz-Rivas, Jose Manuel Sarabia Marín, Jose Luis Hernandez-Davo, Manuel Moya
Fernandez-Fernandez, J, Granacher, U, Sanz-Rivas, D, Sarabia Marín, JM, Hernandez-Davo, JL, and Moya, M. Sequencing effects of neuromuscular training on physical fitness in youth elite tennis players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of a 5-week neuromuscular training (NMT) implemented before or after a tennis session in prepubertal players on selected components of physical fitness. Sixteen elite and well-trained tennis players with a mean age of 12...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140898/a-construct-validation-study-of-playfun
#18
John Cairney, Scott Veldhuizen, Jeffrey D Graham, Christine Rodriguez, Chloe Bedard, Emily Bremer, Dean Kriellaars
INTRODUCTION: PLAYfun is a measure of motor competence, comprehension and confidence which is part of a suite of scales used to assess physical literacy in children and youth. However, its measurement properties have not been reported in the published literature. The purpose of this study is to examine the factor structure of PLAYfun, in addition to variations in PLAYfun subscale results by age and sex. METHOD: In this study, we use a sample of children and youth aged 7 to 14 years (n=215) to test a proposed factor structure for the motor competence component of PLAYfun and to examine age and sex differences in subscale and total scores...
November 15, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140733/proinflammatory-dietary-intake-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-results-of-a-case-control-study-in-argentina-using-a-multilevel-modeling-approach
#19
Camila Niclis, Sonia A Pou, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Susan E Steck, María Del Pilar Díaz
Little evidence regarding the inflammatory potential of diet and its effect on colorectal cancer exists in Latin American countries. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk in Córdoba, Argentina. A frequency-matched case-control study (N = 446, including 144 (32.3%) CRC cases and 302 (67.7%) controls was conducted in Córdoba (Argentina) from 2008 through 2015. DII® scores were computed based on dietary intake assessed by a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
November 15, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140306/chitosan-spray-dried-microparticles-for-controlled-delivery-of-venlafaxine-hydrochloride
#20
Inmaculada Aranaz, Ines Paños, Carlos Peniche, Ángeles Heras, Niuris Acosta
Venlafaxine controlled drug delivery systems using different matrixes have been tested to reduce undesirable side effects in the treatment of depression. The legal status of chitosan (Cs) in Pharmacy has dramatically improved after its acceptance as excipient in several Pharmacopeias and, therefore, there is great interest in pharmaceutical formulations based on this polymer. In this paper, chitosan microcapsules cross-linked with sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP) for oral delivery of venlafaxine were formulated using the spray drying technique...
November 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
keyword
keyword
14784
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"