keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

physical fitness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088081/lead-pb-2-and-copper-cu-2-remediation-from-water-using-superparamagnetic-maghemite-%C3%AE-fe2o3-nanoparticles-synthesized-by-flame-spray-pyrolysis-fsp
#1
Shalini Rajput, Lok P Singh, Charles U Pittman, Dinesh Mohan
Superparamagnetic maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) nanoparticles of controllable morphology were successfully synthesized using a flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) technique. Their physico-chemical properties, size, morphology, and surface chemistries were determined using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected area electron diffraction patterns (SAED), SEM-EDX, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and pHZPC(6.3). Elemental contents before and after adsorption were identified using energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (ED-XRF), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) and elemental mapping...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087569/exercise-as-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Mats Hallgren, Davy Vancampfort, Esther S Giesen, Andreas Lundin, Brendon Stubbs
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis investigating effects of exercise for people with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) across multiple health outcomes. We also investigated the prevalence and predictors of dropout from exercise studies in AUDs. DESIGN: Systematic review and random effects meta-analysis with meta-regression analyses. DATA SOURCES: 3 major electronic databases were searched from inception until April 2016 for exercise intervention studies in adults with AUDs...
January 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086943/a-lifestyle-intervention-among-elderly-men-on-active-surveillance-for-non-aggressive-prostate-cancer-a-randomised-feasibility-study-with-whole-grain-rye-and-exercise
#3
Anne Kirstine Eriksen, Rikke Dalgaard Hansen, Michael Borre, Ryan Godsk Larsen, Jeppe Munthe Jensen, Kristian Overgaard, Mette Borre, Cecilie Kyrø, Rikard Landberg, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for men with non-aggressive prostate cancer is good, and several studies have investigated the impact of lifestyle changes including physical activity and diet on the prognosis. Despite positive results in animal studies and a few human interventions with whole-grain rye on markers of prostate cancer progression, the feasibility of trials investigating such dietary changes in combination with physical activity remains largely unstudied. The primary aim was to investigate the feasibility of an intervention with high whole-grain rye intake and vigorous physical activity for 6 months in men diagnosed with prostate cancer...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086906/physical-activity-and-nutrition-behaviour-outcomes-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-for-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-vietnam
#4
Van Dinh Tran, Andy H Lee, Jonine Jancey, Anthony P James, Peter Howat, Le Thi Phuong Mai
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is prevalent among Vietnamese adults, especially those aged 50-65 years. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 6 month community-based lifestyle intervention to increase physical activity levels and improve dietary behaviours for adults with metabolic syndrome in Vietnam. METHODS: Ten communes, involving participants aged 50-65 years with metabolic syndrome, were recruited from Hanam province in northern Vietnam. The communes were randomly allocated to either the intervention (five communes, n = 214) or the control group (five communes, n = 203)...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086828/subjective-and-objective-assessment-of-physical-activity-in-multiple-sclerosis-and-their-relation-to-health-related-quality-of-life
#5
Theresa Krüger, Janina R Behrens, Anuschka Grobelny, Karen Otte, Sebastian Mansow-Model, Bastian Kayser, Judith Bellmann-Strobl, Alexander U Brandt, Friedemann Paul, Tanja Schmitz-Hübsch
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is frequently restricted in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) and aiming to enhance PA is considered beneficial in this population. We here aimed to explore two standard methods (subjective plus objective) to assess PA reduction in PwMS and to describe the relation of PA to health-related quality of life (hrQoL). METHODS: PA was objectively measured over a 7-day period in 26 PwMS (EDSS 1.5-6.0) and 30 matched healthy controls (HC) using SenseWear mini® armband (SWAmini) and reported as step count, mean total and activity related energy expenditure (EE) as well as time spent in PA of different intensities...
January 13, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081033/performance-aspects-and-physiological-responses-in-male-amateur-boxing-competitions-a-brief-review
#6
Maamer Slimani, Helmi Chaabène, Philip Davis, Emerson Franchini, Karim Chamari
Boxing is one of the most popular striking combat sports in the world. The aim of this review was to present data concerning performance analysis (time-motion and technical/tactical analysis) and physiological responses (i.e., blood lactate concentration [BLC], heart rate and/or oxygen consumption) during novice and elite male simulated and official amateur boxing competitions in any age category. The present review shows that boxing competition is a high-intensity intermittent striking combat sport. Typically, the activity-to-rest ratio was higher in elite (18:1) than novice (9:1) boxers and significant differences were observed between rounds (1 round=16:1, 2 round=8:1, and 3 round=6:1) in novice boxers...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079724/explaining-how-cognitive-behavioural-approaches-work-for-low-back-pain-mediation-analysis-of-the-back-skills-training-trial
#7
Bethany Fordham, Chen Ji, Zara Hansen, Ranjit Lall, Sarah E Lamb
STUDY DESIGN: .: This is secondary research examining the longitudinal mediation effect within a structural equation model. OBJECTIVE: .: To identify possible mechanisms which mediate the effects of a cognitive behavioural approach upon disability and pain in low back pain patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: .: Cognitive behavioural interventions (CBIs) can improve pain and disability in low back pain (LBP) but the mechanisms of action are unclear...
January 10, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079430/multimodal-prehabilitation-improves-functional-capacity-before-and-after-colorectal-surgery-for-cancer-a-five-year-research-experience
#8
Enrico Maria Minnella, Guillaume Bousquet-Dion, Rashami Awasthi, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl, Francesco Carli
BACKGROUND: Multimodal prehabilitation is a preoperative conditioning intervention in form of exercise, nutritional assessment, whey protein supplementation, and anxiety-coping technique. Despite recent evidence suggesting that prehabilitation could improve functional capacity in patients undergoing colorectal surgery for cancer, all studies were characterized by a relatively small sample size. The aim of this study was to confirm what was previously found in three small population trials...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078551/the-proteolysis-adaptor-nbla-binds-to-the-n-terminus-of-%C3%AE-phycocyanin-implications-for-the-mechanism-of-phycobilisome-degradation
#9
Amelia Y Nguyen, William P Bricker, Hao Zhang, Daniel A Weisz, Michael L Gross, Himadri B Pakrasi
Phycobilisome (PBS) complexes are massive light-harvesting apparati in cyanobacteria that capture and funnel light energy to the photosystem. PBS complexes are dynamically degraded during nutrient deprivation, which causes severe chlorosis, and resynthesized during nutrient repletion. PBS degradation occurs rapidly after nutrient step down, and is specifically triggered by non-bleaching protein A (NblA), a small proteolysis adaptor that facilitates interactions between a Clp chaperone and phycobiliproteins...
January 11, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078090/the-effect-of-ongoing-feedback-on-physical-activity-levels-following-an-exercise-intervention-in-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#10
Katie-Jane Brickwood, Stuart T Smith, Greig Watson, Andrew D Williams
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity ranks as a major contributing factor in the development and progression of chronic disease. Lifestyle interventions reduce the progression of chronic disease, however, compliance decreases over time and health effects only persist as long as the new lifestyle is maintained. Telephone counselling (TC) is an effective way to provide individuals with ongoing support to maintain lifestyle changes. Remote physical activity monitoring and feedback (RAMF) via interactive technologies such as activity trackers and smartphones may be a cost-effective alternative to TC, however, this comparison has not been made...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077856/relationship-between-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-blood-pressure-in-young-adults-a-mediation-analysis-of-body-composition
#11
Ana Díez-Fernández, Mairena Sánchez-López, José Antonio Nieto, Alberto González-García, José Miota-Ibarra, Ignacio Ortiz-Galeano, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
High blood pressure levels are among the most important cardiovascular disease risk factors and are influenced by physical fitness and body composition. However, the degree to which obesity may attenuate or modify the beneficial effects of physical fitness on blood pressure levels in young adults is uncertain. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze whether body composition is a mediator between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and blood pressure levels in young adults. This work was a cross-sectional study involving first-year college students (n=386) at the University Campus of Cuenca (Spain)...
January 12, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077685/working-with-what-you-ve-got-unattractive-males-show-greater-mate-guarding-effort-in-a-duetting-songbird
#12
Jenélle Dowling, Michael S Webster
When mates are limited, individuals should allocate resources to mating tactics that maximize fitness. In species with extra-pair paternity (EPP), males can invest in mate guarding, or, alternatively, in seeking EPP. Males should optimize fitness by adjusting investment according to their attractiveness to females, such that attractive males seek EPP, and unattractive males guard mates. This theory has received little empirical testing, leaving our understanding of the evolution of mating tactics incomplete; it is unclear how a male's relative attractiveness influences his tactics...
January 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075422/inflammation-cardiometabolic-markers-and-functional-changes-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-12-month-exercise-program-for-prostate-cancer-men
#13
Katarzyna Hojan, Eliza Kwiatkowska-Borowczyk, Ewa Leporowska, Piotr Milecki
INTRODUCTION    Previous studies have shown that physical exercise in cancer patients during radiotherapy (RT) and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) improves cardiac fitness and quality of life (QoL), and reduces fatigue but it is still not entirely known how it affects inflammation or metabolic factors and what its consequences are in prostate cancer (PCa) patients. OBJECTIVES    Effect of a 12-month physical exercise program on inflammatory and cardiometabolic factors, and on functional status in PCa patients undergoing RT and ADT...
January 10, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075155/a-qualitative-study-exploring-community-yoga-practice-in-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#14
Heather M Greysen, S Ryan Greysen, Kathryn A Lee, Oi Saeng Hong, Patricia Katz, Heather Leutwyler
OBJECTIVE: Yoga may improve physical function and reduce disease symptoms in adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, little is known about how patients with RA are practicing yoga in the community. The objective of this qualitative study was to explore community yoga practice characteristics and thoughts about yoga practice for adults with RA. DESIGN: Participants completed a semi-structured telephone interview with open-ended questions. Thematic analysis was used to analyze interview transcripts...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074875/from-an-indirect-response-pharmacodynamic-model-towards-a-secondary-signal-model-of-dose-response-relationship-between-exercise-training-and-physical-performance
#15
Thierry Busso
The aim of this study was to test the suitability of using indirect responses for modeling the effects of physical training on performance. We formulated four different models assuming that increase in performance results of the transformation of a signal secondary to the primary stimulus which is the training dose. The models were designed to be used with experimental data with daily training amounts ascribed to input and performance measured at several dates ascribed to output. The models were tested using data obtained from six subjects who trained on a cycle ergometer over a 15-week period...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074345/the-beneficial-effects-of-physical-activity-is-it-down-to-your-genes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-twin-and-family-studies
#16
REVIEW
J R Zadro, D Shirley, T B Andrade, K J Scurrah, A Bauman, P H Ferreira
BACKGROUND: There is evidence for considerable heterogeneity in the responsiveness to regular physical activity (PA) which might reflect the influence of genetic factors. The aim of this systematic review was to assess whether the response to a PA intervention for measures of body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness is (i) correlated within twin pairs and/or families and (ii) more correlated in monozygotic twins (MZ) compared to dizygotic twins (DZ), which would be consistent with genetic effects...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074059/school-environment-and-policies-child-eating-behavior-and-overweight-obesity-in-urban-china-the-childhood-obesity-study-in-china-mega-cities
#17
P Jia, M Li, H Xue, L Lu, F Xu, Y Wang
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is rising rapidly in China, especially in urban areas. Knowledge about how school environment and policies (SEP) may have contributed to the epidemic remains limited. We examined SEP and their associations with students' eating behaviors and overweight/obesity in urban China. METHODS: Data were collected from 1648 students (plus their parents and schools) in 16 primary and middle schools (4 schools/per city) in four mega-cities across China: Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, and Xi'an...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073797/physical-and-cultural-determinants-of-postpartum-pelvic-floor-support-and-symptoms-following-vaginal-delivery-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Ingrid E Nygaard, Erin Clark, Lauren Clark, Marlene J Egger, Robert Hitchcock, Yvonne Hsu, Peggy Norton, Ana Sanchez-Birkhead, Janet Shaw, Xiaoming Sheng, Michael Varner
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs), including pelvic organ prolapse (POP), stress and urgency urinary incontinence, and faecal incontinence, are common and arise from loss of pelvic support. Although severe disease often does not occur until women become older, pregnancy and childbirth are major risk factors for PFDs, especially POP. We understand little about modifiable factors that impact pelvic floor function recovery after vaginal birth. This National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded Program Project, 'Bridging physical and cultural determinants of postpartum pelvic floor support and symptoms following vaginal delivery', uses mixed-methods research to study the influences of intra-abdominal pressure, physical activity, body habitus and muscle fitness on pelvic floor support and symptoms as well as the cultural context in which women experience those changes...
January 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072680/translation-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-multidimensional-assessment-of-interoceptive-awareness
#19
Feng-Lien Lin, Chin-Che Hsu, Wolf Mehling, Mei-Ling Yeh
BACKGROUND: Mind-body interventions are used to alleviate physical and psychological symptoms. The multidimensional assessment of interoceptive awareness (MAIA), which is used to self-report the effects of mind-body interventions, is not currently available in Chinese. PURPOSE: This study aimed to translate the MAIA from English into Chinese (MAIA-C) and to examine the psychometric properties of the MAIA-C. METHODS: This was a methodological study...
February 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071903/revisiting-the-m%C3%A3-ssbauer-isomer-shifts-of-the-femoco-cluster-of-nitrogenase-and-the-cofactor-charge
#20
Ragnar Bjornsson, Frank Neese, Serena DeBeer
Despite decades of research, the structure-activity relationship of nitrogenase is still not understood. Only recently was the full molecular structure of the FeMo cofactor (FeMoco) revealed, but the charge and metal oxidation states of FeMoco have been controversial. With the recent identification of the interstitial atom as a carbide and the more recent revised oxidation-state assignment of the molybdenum atom as Mo(III), here we revisit the Mössbauer properties of FeMoco. By a detailed error analysis of density functional theory-computed isomer shifts and computing isomer shifts relative to the P-cluster, we find that only the charge of [MoFe7S9C](1-) fits the experimental data...
January 10, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
keyword
keyword
14784
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"