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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543427/conservation-of-resources-theory-in-nurse-burnout-and-patient-safety
#1
Aoyjai Prapanjaroensin, Patricia A Patrician, David E Vance
AIMS: To examine how the Conservation of Resources theory explains burnout in the nursing profession. BACKGROUND: Burnout, which is an accumulation of work-related mental stress in people-oriented occupations, has been an issue of concern for decades for healthcare workers, especially nurses. Yet, few studies have examined a unified theory that explains the etiology, progression and consequences of nurse burnout. DESIGN: This discussion article integrates current knowledge on nurse burnout using Conservation of Resources theory, which focuses on four resources (i...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541160/an-ergonomic-assessment-of-hospital-linen-bag-handling
#2
Erin Teeple, Jack T Dennerlein, Dean Hashimoto, Luis A Soto, Elena Losina, Jeffrey N Katz
The Joint Commission provides accreditation standards for staging hospital waste, but there are no federal lifting safety standards for linen bags. We evaluated hospital laundry bag lifting using the Revised National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Lifting Equation. We hypothesized that the permitted 32-gallon linen container capacity might allow filling to weights above our calculated Recommended Weight Limit (RWL) for some lifting positions and contents. We found that 30- and 40-gallon bags filled with loose dry linen had predicted weights within estimated RWLs only for lifts close to the body...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541062/antisocial-and-human-capital-pathways-to-socioeconomic-exclusion-a-42-year-prospective-study
#3
Jukka Savolainen, W Alex Mason, Anna-Liisa Lyyra, Lea Pulkkinen, Katja Kokko
Nordic welfare states have been very successful at reducing poverty and inequality among their citizens. However, the presence of a strong social safety net in these countries has not solved the problem of socioeconomic exclusion, manifesting in such outcomes as chronic unemployment and welfare dependency. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, the current study builds on the assumption that psychological risk factors emerge as important determinants of socioeconomic disadvantage in an environment where ascribed characteristics have less impact on educational and occupational attainment...
May 25, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539144/cirrus-airframe-parachute-system-and-odds-of-a-fatal-accident-in-cirrus-aircraft-crashes
#4
Mustafa Alaziz, Adrienne Stolfi, Dean M Olson
INTRODUCTION: General aviation (GA) accidents have continued to demonstrate high fatality rates. Recently, ballistic parachute recovery systems (BPRS) have been introduced as a safety feature in some GA aircraft. This study evaluates the effectiveness and associated factors of the Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS) at reducing the odds of a fatal accident in Cirrus aircraft crashes. METHODS: Publicly available Cirrus aircraft crash reports were obtained from the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) database for the period of January 1, 2001-December 31, 2016...
June 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535398/nurses-occupational-physical-activity-levels-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Stephanie E Chappel, Simone J J M Verswijveren, Brad Aisbett, Julie Considine, Nicola D Ridgers
BACKGROUND: Nurses' physical performance at work has implications both for nurses' occupational health and patient care. Although nurses are the largest healthcare workforce, are present 24-hours a day, and engage in many physically demanding tasks, nurses' occupational physical activity levels are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to examine nurses' occupational physical activity levels, and explore how nurses accumulate their physical activity during a shift...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535248/effects-of-work-family-conflict-and-job-insecurity-on-psychological-distress
#6
M Mutambudzi, Z Javed, S Kaul, J Prochaska, M K Peek
Background: Work-family conflict (WFC) and job insecurity are important determinants of workers' mental health. Aims: To examine the relationship between WFC and psychological distress, and the co-occurring effects of WFC and job insecurity on distress in US working adults. Methods: This study used cross-sectional data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for adults aged 18-64 years. The 2010 NHIS included occupational data from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) sponsored Occupational Health Supplement...
May 23, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523046/healthy-lifestyle-behavior-of-employees-in-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-aydin-turkey
#7
Safiye Ozvurmaz, Aliye Mandiracioglu
OBJECTIVE: To determine healthy lifestyle behavior and affecting risk factors in workers at small and medium-sized enterprises from four different sectors in Aydin, Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at four different small and medium-sized enterprises in Aydin, Turkey and 264 employees participated in the study. A questionnaire was used for data collection. It consisted of questions about socio-demographic features (age, gender, marital status, education, perceived income, occupation and having children), health status, and medical history, medication use, having occupational accidents and occupational health and safety...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520597/key-performance-indicators-assessment-to-develop-best-practices-in-an-emergency-medical-communication-centre
#8
Yann Penverne, Brice Leclere, Julien Labady, Frederic Berthier, Joel Jenvrin, Francois Javaudin, Eric Batard, Emmanuel Montassier
INTRODUCTION: Emergency Medical Communication Centre (EMCC) represents a pivotal link in the chain of survival for those requiring rapid response for out-of-hospital medical emergencies. Assessing and grading the performance of EMCCs are warranted as it can affect the health and safety of the served population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our work was to describe the activity on an EMCC and to explore the associations between different key performance indicators. METHODS: We carried out our prospective observational study in the EMCC of Nantes, France, from 6 June 2011 to 6 June 2015...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516353/physical-hazard-safety-awareness-among-healthcare-workers-in-tanta-university-hospitals-egypt
#9
Rania M El-Sallamy, Ibrahim Ali Kabbash, Sanaa Abd El-Fatah, Asmaa El-Feky
Hospital workers are exposed to many occupational hazards that may threaten their health and safety. Physical hazards encountered in hospital working environment include temperature, illumination, noise, electrical injuries, and radiation. To assess the awareness of healthcare workers (HCWs) about physical hazards in Tanta university hospitals, this cross-sectional study included 401 HCWs (physicians, nurses, technicians, and workers) from seven departments (general surgery, orthopedics, radiology, ophthalmology, kitchen, incinerator, and laundry)...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514907/nudging-for-prevention-in-occupational-health-and-safety-in-south-africa-using-fiscal-policies
#10
Pieter de Jager, David Rees, Sophia Kisting, Spo Kgalamono, Mpume Ndaba, Nicolas Stacey, Aviva Tugendhaft, Karen Hofman
Currently, in some countries occupational health and safety policy and practice have a bias toward secondary prevention and workers' compensation rather than primary prevention. Particularly, in emerging economies, research has not adequately contributed to effective interventions and improvements in workers' health. This article, using South Africa as a case study, describes a methodology for identifying candidate fiscal policy interventions and describes the policy interventions selected for occupational health and safety...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514356/-the-criteria-for-the-relationship-between-hearing-impairment-and-professional-occupation-and-the-criteria-for-professional-suitability-in-terms-of-hearing-among-the-aeronautical-personnel-engaged-in-civilian-aviation
#11
V B Pankova
This article describes the main clinical features associated with the development and manifestations of disturbed sound perception in the members of the aeronautical personnel engaged in the Russian civilian aviation. The main expert criteria for the relationship between the diseases of the organs of hearing (as exemplified by chronic sensorineural hearing impairment) and professional occupation have been developed based on the results of the clinical and diagnostic examination with the use of whispered and loud speech acumetry, tonal threshold audiometry, speech audiometry, impedancometry and evoked optoacoustic emission...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514026/gambling-with-life-masculinity-risk-and-danger-in-the-lives-of-unauthorized-migrant-roofers
#12
Sergio Chávez, Claire E Altman
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the occupational experiences of unauthorized immigrants employed in one of the most dangerous occupations in the United States: roofing. METHODS: We draw on 40 in-depth interviews with return migrants in Guanajuato, Mexico, to examine how the adoption of masculinity, dangerous working conditions, the labor market structure, and absence of legal status exacerbates injuries for unauthorized roofers. FINDINGS: Undocumented men return to Mexico injured with chronic pain, health complications, and trauma...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511409/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-healthcare-managers-to-medical-waste-management-and-occupational-safety-practices-findings-from-southeast-nigeria
#13
Okechukwu Bonaventure Anozie, Lucky Osaheni Lawani, Justus Ndulue Eze, Emmanuel Johnbosco Mamah, Robinson Chukwudi Onoh, Emeka Onwe Ogah, Daniel Akuma Umezurike, Rita Onyinyechi Anozie
INTRODUCTION: Awareness of appropriate waste management procedures and occupational safety measures is fundamental to achieving a safe work environment, and ensuring patient and staff safety. AIM: This study was conducted to assess the attitude of healthcare managers to medical waste management and occupational safety practices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 54 hospital administrators in Ebonyi state...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511302/-epidemiological-and-occupational-characteristics-of-occupational-chemical-poisoning-in-tianjin-city-during-2006-2015
#14
Q Zeng, X Wang, H J Tang, J Liu, M Zhang
Objective: To provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control measures of acute and chronic occupational poisoning by analyzing the epidemiological and occupational characteristics of occupational chemical poisoning cases reported in Tianjin city during 2006-2015. Methods: In September 2016, based on the China Disease Control and Prevention Information System, a database of occupational poisoning cases in Tianjin from 2006 to 2015 was established. The epidemiological characteristics of occupational poisoning were analyzed including three distributions firstly, and then the occupational characteristics were analyzed such as length of service, industry distribution and source of poison...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509714/preventing-occupational-skin-disease-a-review-of-training-programs
#15
Bethany Zack, Victoria H Arrandale, D Linn Holness
Occupational contact dermatitis (OCD) is a common occupational disease that impacts a variety of worker groups. Skin protection and disease prevention training programs have shown promise for improving prevention practices and reducing the incidence of OCD. This review details the features of training programs for primary prevention of OCD and identifies gaps in the literature. Twelve studies were identified for in-depth review: many studies included wet workers employed in health care, hairdressing, cleaning, and food preparation; 1 program featured manufacturing workers...
May 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508785/assessing-the-educational-needs-of-health-information-management-staff-of-the-mashhad-university-of-medical-sciences-iran
#16
Khalil Kimiafar, Abbas Sheikhtaheri, Masoumeh Sarbaz, Masoumeh Hoseini
Health information management (HIM) professionals have a combination of skills and, at the same time, the demand for their skills in the health system is increasing rapidly. This study aimed to assess the educational needs of the HIM staff in Iran. This descriptive analytical study was conducted in eight teaching hospitals. It was found that the maximum educational needs concerned the knowledge of medical terminology, occupational safety, legal aspects, the newest rules and regulations, and ministry guidelines, while the least of the felt needs related to insurance and other aspects of registry, data ownership, and data quality...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506182/elemental-properties-of-copper-slag-and-measured-airborne-exposures-at-a-copper-slag-processing-facility
#17
Christopher Mugford, Jenna L Gibbs, Randy Boylstein
In 1974, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommended a ban on the use of abrasives containing >1% silica, giving rise to abrasive substitutes like copper slag. We present results from a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health industrial hygiene survey at a copper slag processing facility that consisted of the collection of bulk samples for metals and silica; and full-shift area and personal air samples for dust, metals, and respirable silica. Carcinogens, suspect carcinogens, and other toxic elements were detected in all bulk samples, and area and personal air samples...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504363/allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-meth-acrylates-in-nail-cosmetic-products-in-users-and-nail-technicians%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-5-year-study
#18
Inês Raposo, Inês Lobo, Cristina Amaro, Maria de Lurdes Lobo, Helena Melo, Joana Parente, Teresa Pereira, Joana Rocha, Ana P Cunha, Armando Baptista, Pedro Serrano, Teresa Correia, Ana R Travassos, Margarida Dias, Fátima Pereira, Margarida Gonçalo
BACKGROUND: The increasing use of long-lasting nail aesthetic products has led to a growing number of cases of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) caused by (meth)acrylates in recent years. OBJECTIVES: To provide information on ACD caused by (meth)acrylates related to nail cosmetic products. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed files of patients with ACD caused by (meth)acrylates related to nail cosmetic products, who were patch tested between January 2011 and December 2015 in 13 departments of dermatology in Portugal...
May 15, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503343/evaluation-of-serum-and-urinary-neopterin-levels-as-a-biomarker-for-occupational-exposure-to-crystalline-silica
#19
H Mohammadi, S F Dehghan, F Golbabaei, M Ansari, M Yaseri, S Roshani, R Divani
BACKGROUND: Crystalline silica is a commonly used mineral in various industries and construction activities, and it is so important introducing potential biomarkers to identify early indicators of biological effects in its high-risk occupational exposures. AIM: The present study was aimed to assess the blood and urinary neopterin as an early biomarker of exposure in the workers of an insulator manufacturing plant who are exposed to crystalline silica. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This analytical descriptive study was done among two groups of exposed workers (n = 55) and unexposed office workers (n = 38) of an insulator manufacturing plant...
September 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500459/personalized-feedback-on-staff-dose-in-fluoroscopy-guided-interventions-a-new-era-in-radiation-dose-monitoring
#20
Anna M Sailer, Laura Vergoossen, Leonie Paulis, Willem H van Zwam, Marco Das, Joachim E Wildberger, Cécile R L P N Jeukens
PURPOSE: Radiation safety and protection are a key component of fluoroscopy-guided interventions. We hypothesize that providing weekly personal dose feedback will increase radiation awareness and ultimately will lead to optimized behavior. Therefore, we designed and implemented a personalized feedback of procedure and personal doses for medical staff involved in fluoroscopy-guided interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical staff (physicians and technicians, n = 27) involved in fluoroscopy-guided interventions were equipped with electronic personal dose meters (PDMs)...
May 12, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
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