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occupational safety

Suzanne Grant, Bruce Guthrie
Patient safety is an increasing concern for health systems internationally. The majority of administrative work in UK general practice takes place in the context of organisational routines such as repeat prescribing and test results handling, where high workloads and increased clinician dependency on administrative staff have been identified as an emerging safety issue. Despite this trend, most research to date has focused on the redistribution of the clinical workload between doctors, nurses and allied health professionals within individual care settings...
March 2, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
B K Rout, B K Sikdar
Background: With the growing numbers of iron ore pelletization industries in India, various impacts on environment and health in relation to the workplace will rise. Therefore, understanding the hazardous process is crucial in the development of effective control measures. Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment, and Control measures (HIRAC) acts as an effective tool of Occupational Health Assessment. Objective: The aim of the study was to identify all the possible hazards at different workplaces of an iron ore pelletizing industry, to conduct an occupational health risk assessment, to calculate the risk rating based on the risk matrix, and to compare the risk rating before and after the control measures...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Laura H Bachmann, Bronwen Lichtenstein, Janet S St Lawrence, Margaret Murray, Gregory B Russell, Edward W Hook
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the general and sexual health of long-haul truck drivers in the United States. METHODS: Drivers were recruited from company sites and truck stops in North Carolina, Tennessee, and Mississippi. A sample of 266 drivers was assessed for lifestyle activities; body mass index and blood pressure were measured, and biologic samples were taken for cholesterol, diabetes, and sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV testing. RESULTS: The drivers in this study had higher levels of cholesterol and higher rates of smoking, obesity, and diabetes than the U...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kevin M Walters, Gwenith G Fisher, Liliana Tenney
BACKGROUND: Understanding worker health and safety in the rapidly growing legal U.S. cannabis industry is important. Although little published research exists, workers may be exposed to biological, chemical, and physical hazards. This study investigated the Colorado cannabis industry workforce and both physical and psychosocial hazards to worker health and safety. METHODS: Two hundred and fourteen Colorado cannabis workers completed an online survey after in-person and online recruitment...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Junghyun Lee, Miran Hahm, Da-An Huh, Sang-Hoon Byeon
The purpose of this study was to classify hazards at an industrial level and evaluate the exposure risks of workers exposed to dimethylformamide (DMF) used as a solvent in the workplace and to determine industries that need priority measures in managing DMF exposure. We calculated hazard quotients at an industrial level. The exposure data of DMF in the workplace were obtained from the work environment monitoring program provided by the Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency. The evaluation was conducted on textile manufacturing, leather manufacturing, chemical manufacturing, pharmaceutical manufacturing, and rubber manufacturing industries, which have many unit work sites handling DMF...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Shaylan K Govind, Neil H Merritt
BACKGROUND: The objective of our study was to identify the most common mechanisms of injury leading to death in our pediatric population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of fatally injured children 0-17 years old treated at our trauma center during 2000-2015. RESULTS: The mortality rate in our population was 8% (n = 103). Fifty-five percent were male. The majority (76%) of fatal injuries were blunt. Overall, motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) were the most common mechanism of injury (61%), followed by assault/abuse (9%)...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Sainan Lyu, Carol K H Hon, Albert P C Chan, Francis K W Wong, Arshad Ali Javed
In many countries, it is common practice to attract and employ ethnic minority (EM) or migrant workers in the construction industry. This primarily occurs in order to alleviate the labor shortage caused by an aging workforce with a lack of new entrants. Statistics show that EM construction workers are more likely to have occupational fatal and nonfatal injuries than their local counterparts; however, the mechanism underlying accidents and injuries in this vulnerable population has been rarely examined. This study aims to investigate relationships among safety climate, safety behavior, and safety outcomes for EM construction workers...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Kirsten S Almberg, Lee S Friedman, David Swedler, Robert A Cohen
BACKGROUND: The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) requires reporting of injuries and illnesses to their Part 50 program. A 2011 study indicated that the Part 50 program did not capture many cases of injury in Kentucky, causing concern about underreporting in other states. METHODS: MSHA Part 50 reports from Illinois for 2001-2013 were linked to Illinois Workers' Compensation Commission (IWCC) data. IWCC cases not found in the Part 50 data were considered unreported...
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
S Adamu, O M Akinosun, F M Abbiyesuku, M A O Kuti, Jibril M El-Bashir, J D Abubakar
Background: Gasoline is one of the most frequently utilized chemicals whose use is on the increase. Exposure to the volatile constituents of gasoline generates free radicals leading to oxidative stress. This is associated with nucleic acid, lipids, and protein damages leading to chronic diseases including cancers. Occupational exposure to this product is of public health concern, especially in the developing countries where the awareness and enforcement of safety measures are not adequate...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Lluís Sanmiquel, Marc Bascompta, Josep M Rossell, Hernán Francisco Anticoi, Eduard Guash
An analysis of occupational accidents in the mining sector was conducted using the data from the Spanish Ministry of Employment and Social Safety between 2005 and 2015, and data-mining techniques were applied. Data was processed with the software Weka. Two scenarios were chosen from the accidents database: surface and underground mining. The most important variables involved in occupational accidents and their association rules were determined. These rules are composed of several predictor variables that cause accidents, defining its characteristics and context...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Gerardo Cortese, Gabriele Sales, Giorgia Maiolo, Mario Morino, Martina Scanu, Luca Brazzi
BACKGROUND: The feasibility and safety of transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) performed under spinal anaesthesia (SA) has been recently demonstrated. This retrospective study compared the differences in opioid consumption and postoperative recovery in patients undergoing TEM under GA and SA. METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent TEM at 'Città della Salute e della Scienza' hospital of Turin (Italy) between January 2012 and December 2015 were enrolled...
March 7, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
Saras Henderson, Maria Horne, Ruth Hills, Elizabeth Kendall
This study aims to conduct a concept analysis on cultural competence in community healthcare. Clarification of the concept of cultural competence is needed to enable clarity in the definition and operation, research and theory development to assist healthcare providers to better understand this evolving concept. Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis method was used to clarify the concept's context, surrogate terms, antecedents, attributes and consequences and to determine implications for further research...
March 7, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Michele Ochsner, Elizabeth G Marshall, Daniel Lefkowitz
BACKGROUND: Given predictions that climate change will lead to an increase in severe storms, it is important to more fully understand the risks experienced by workers charged with the cleanup and removal of storm damaged trees. These hazards have received little attention in the occupational safety and health literature. METHODS: This paper is based on semi-structured interviews with 23 stakeholders involved in the Hurricane Sandy cleanup effort. RESULTS: Interview participants identified at risk sectors, gaps in training and preparedness, and raised particular concerns about storm downed trees, electrical hazards, and fatigue and suggested steps to reduce these hazards...
March 8, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Alana Hansen, Dino Pisaniello, Blesson Varghese, Shelley Rowett, Scott Hanson-Easey, Peng Bi, Monika Nitschke
Heat exposure can be a health hazard for many Australian workers in both outdoor and indoor situations. With many heat-related incidents left unreported, it is often difficult to determine the underlying causal factors. This study aims to provide insights into perceptions of potentially unsafe or uncomfortably hot working conditions that can affect occupational health and safety using information provided by the public and workers to the safety regulator in South Australia (SafeWork SA). Details of complaints regarding heat exposure to the regulator's "Help Centre" were assembled in a dataset and the textual data analysed thematically...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Azkario Rizky Pratama, Widyawan Widyawan, Alexander Lazovik, Marco Aiello
Smart spaces are those that are aware of their state and can act accordingly. Among the central elements of such a state is the presence of humans and their number. For a smart office building, such information can be used for saving energy and safety purposes. While acquiring presence information is crucial, using sensing techniques that are highly intrusive, such as cameras, is often not acceptable for the building occupants. In this paper, we illustrate a proposal for occupancy detection which is low intrusive; it is based on equipment typically available in modern offices such as room-level power-metering and an app running on workers' mobile phones...
March 6, 2018: Sensors
Lars M H Reinders, Martin D Klassen, Martin Jaeger, Thorsten Teutenberg, Jochen Tuerk
Monoclonal antibodies are a group of commonly used therapeutics, whose occupational health risk is still discussed controversially. The long-term low-dose exposure side effects are insufficiently evaluated; hence, discussions are often based on a theoretical level or extrapolating side effects from therapeutic dosages. While some research groups recommend applying the precautionary principle for monoclonal antibodies, others consider the exposure risk too low for measures taken towards occupational health and safety...
March 5, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Anna L Lang, Liya Chen, Gavin D Poff, Wen-Xing Ding, Russel A Barnett, Gavin E Arteel, Juliane I Beier
Vinyl chloride (VC), a common industrial organochlorine and environmental pollutant, has been shown to directly cause hepatic angiosarcoma and toxicant-associated steatohepatitis at high exposure levels. However, the impact of lower concentrations of VC on the progression of underlying liver diseases (e.g., nonalcoholic fatty liver disease [NAFLD]) is unclear. Given the high prevalence of NAFLD in the United States (and worldwide) population, this is an important concern. Recent studies by our group with VC metabolites suggest a potential interaction between VC exposure and underlying liver disease to cause enhanced damage...
March 2018: Hepatology Communications
Cara MacRae, Swana Kopalakrishnan, Lena Faust, Michael Klowak, Adrienne Showler, Stefanie A Klowak, Andrea K Boggild
Background: Leprosy is a potentially debilitating disease of the skin and nerves that requires a complex management approach consisting of laboratory monitoring, screening for factors that will adversely affect outcome with corticosteroids, engagement of allied health services, and prolonged follow-up. Given the complexities of leprosy management, a safety tool was developed and implemented in the Tropical Disease Unit at Toronto General Hospital. Our objective was to evaluate the utility of the tool using a retrospective chart review...
2018: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines
Yu Chen, Zhengqi Chang, Xiuchun Yu, Ruoxian Song, Weimin Huang
Multilevel severe compressive myelopathy is a challenging disorder for the surgeons, the aim of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of a newly designed ultrasonic burr as an assistant tool to the ultrasonic scalpel in laminectomy for this disease. This is a retrospective comparative study, the included subjects were patients who received cervical and thoracic laminectomy using ultrasonic device (LUD, n = 9, 10 surgeries) and controls with the high-speed burr (LHB, n = 16). Fifteen patients (60...
March 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Marie Hutchinson, Neil Wendt, Stuart Trevor Smith
The 2011 Productivity Commission report, Caring for Older Australians, observed that as the number of older Australians rises and the demand for aged care services increases, there will be a commensurate increase in demand for a well-trained aged care workforce. One of the significant issues impacting upon the ability of the aged services sector to respond to a growing number of older adults is to attract and retain sufficient numbers of staff. A number of factors are acknowledged to contribute to a failure of the aged care sector to attract and retain workers including: poor sector reputation, poor working conditions, including high client-staff ratios, a lack of career paths and professional development opportunities and low rates of remuneration...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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