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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774796/effects-of-organizational-safety-on-employees-proactivity-safety-behaviors-and-occupational-health-and-safety-management-system-in-chinese-high-risk-small-scale-enterprises
#1
Qiang Mei, Qiwei Wang, Suxia Liu, Qiaomei Zhou, Jingjing Zhang
Based on the characteristic of small scale enterprises, the improvement of occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS) needs an effective intervention. This study proposed a structural equation model and examined the relationships of perceived organization support for safety (POSS), person-organization safety fit (POSF), and proactivity safety behaviors with safety management, safety procedures and safety hazards identification. Data was collected from 503 employees of 105 Chinese high-risk small scale enterprises over six months...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771556/tobacco-and-alcohol-use-among-firefighters-during-their-first-3-years-of-service
#2
Suzy B Gulliver, Rose Zimering, Jeff Knight, Sandra Morissette, Barbara Kamholz, Eric Meyer, Terence Keane, Michelle Pennington, Tessa Denman, Thomas Carpenter, Nathan Kimbrel
Firefighters constitute an understudied occupational group that are exposed to a great deal of occupational stress including potentially traumatic stress. As such, higher prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders have been observed within this population; however, very little is known about the trajectories of health-risk behaviors among firefighters in response to occupational stress over time. The present study enrolled 322 fire service recruits from 7 urban U.S...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768593/-musculoskeletal-pain-among-bus-drivers-and-fare-collectors-in-the-metropolitan-region-of-belo-horizonte-brazil
#3
Mariana Roberta Lopes Simões, Ada Ávila Assunção, Adriane Mesquita de Medeiros
Musculoskeletal pain among professionals in the transport sector has been linked to working conditions. The scope of this study was to assess the prevalence of cervical musculoskeletal pain and its relation to pain in other areas (arms, hands and shoulders). The association between neck pain, related to pain in other areas or otherwise, was checked against occupational factors. A cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study was conducted with 799 bus drivers and 708 fare collectors of the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte, Brazil...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767403/predicting-the-influence-of-situational-and-immigration-stress-on-latino-day-laborers-workplace-injuries-an-exploratory-structural-equation-model
#4
Maria Eugenia Fernández-Esquer, Kathryn R Gallardo, Pamela M Diamond
Latino day laborers are a socially and economically marginalized immigrant population with a high risk of occupational injury. These workers confront multiple social, psychological, and environmental hardships that increase their risk for adverse health outcomes. How these stressors interact and influence work-related injuries in this population remains unclear. We conducted an exploratory study with 327 Latino day laborers who completed a community survey. We developed a structural equation model, using cross-sectional data to explore the relationships among socioeconomic status, situational and immigration stress, depression, work risk exposure, and occupational injury...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766841/case-control-study-on-risk-factors-for-acute-hepatitis-e-in-germany-2012-to-2014
#5
Mirko Faber, Mona Askar, Klaus Stark
BackgroundNotified cases of hepatitis E have increased 40-fold in the past 10 years in Germany. Food safety is a major concern as hepatitis E virus (HEV) RNA has been detected in ready-to-eat retail-level food products. The objective of this case-control study was to assess risk factors for autochthonous symptomatic hepatitis E and explore reasons for delays in diagnosis. Methods: Demographic, clinical and exposure data from notified hepatitis E cases and individually matched population controls were collected in semi-standardised telephone interviews...
May 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765441/suspected-unexpected-and-other-adverse-reactions-to-antiretroviral-drugs-used-as-post-exposure-prophylaxis-of-hiv-infection-five-year-experience-from-clinical-practice
#6
Justyna D Kowalska, Ewa Pietraszkiewicz, Ewa Firląg-Burkacka, Andrzej Horban
Introduction: With increased use of antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) in HIV uninfected persons, proper reporting on suspected unexpected serious adverse reactions (SUSARs) and continued insight into adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are needed for adequate information on safety of ARVs in such populations. Material and methods: Medical documentation of persons receiving ARVs after non-occupational HIV exposure (non-occupational post-exposure prophylaxis - nPEP) during 5 successive years (2009-2013) was evaluated by two HIV physicians...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762299/effectiveness-of-mitigation-interventions-on-occupational-violence-against-emergency-service-workers-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Peter Drew, Vivienne Tippett, Scott Devenish
The objective of this review is to develop an aggregated synthesis of qualitative and quantitative data on occupational violence (OV) mitigation interventions for Emergency Service Workers (ESW), to cultivate useful conclusions and recommendations for paramedic occupational safety and policy development. Emergency Service Worker is a broad term encompassing all elements of community-based emergency support and includes paramedics, firefighters, and police.The objective of the quantitative component of this review is to quantify the effectiveness of OV mitigation interventions for ESW...
May 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760847/decreased-nursing-staffing-adversely-affects-emergency-department-throughput-metrics
#8
Zachariah Ramsey, Joseph S Palter, John Hardwick, Jordan Moskoff, Errick L Christian, John Bailitz
Introduction: The effect of nurse staffing on emergency department (ED) efficiency remains a significant area of interest to administrators, physicians, and nurses. We believe that decreased nursing staffing adversely affects key ED throughput metrics. Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational review of our electronic medical record database from 1/1/2015 to 12/31/2015 at a high-volume, urban public hospital. We report nursing hours, door-to-discharge length of stay (LOS) and door-to-admit LOS, and percentage of patients who left without being seen (LWBS)...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756404/nasal-fibroscopy-as-a-routine-screening-procedure-of-sinonasal-adenocarcinoma-of-woodworkers-french-longitudinal-case-study
#9
Julie Martin, Flora Vayr, Christophe Paris, Sébastien Vergez, Peggy Krief, Amandine Luc, Julie Corvisier, Ludovic de Gabory, Fabrice Herin
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the relevancy of flexible nasoendoscopy as a routine screening procedure of sinonasal adenocarcinoma among people occupationally exposed to wood dust. METHODS: This study included woodworkers, occupationally exposed to wood dust. Evaluations were scheduled at the time of inclusion (T0) and after a 2-year period (T1). A questionnaire was used for standardized data collection. The score was based on anatomic landmarks on each side that are parts of the olfactory clefts: the area of middle turbinate, the anterior part of the olfactory cleft, the top of the choanal arch, the spheno-ethmoidal recess, the posterior part of the olfactory cleft, and the middle part of the olfactory cleft...
May 13, 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755117/safety-anti-tumour-activity-and-pharmacokinetics-of-fixed-dose-shr-1210-an-anti-pd-1-antibody-in-advanced-solid-tumours-a-dose-escalation-phase-1-study
#10
Hongnan Mo, Jing Huang, Jiachen Xu, Xuelian Chen, Dawei Wu, Dong Qu, Xi Wang, Bo Lan, Xingyuan Wang, Jianping Xu, Honggang Zhang, Yihebali Chi, Qing Yang, Binghe Xu
BACKGROUND: To assess the safety profile, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and preliminary antitumour activity of fixed-dose SHR-1210, a novel anti-PD-1 antibody, in advanced solid tumours. METHODS: A total of 36 patients with advanced solid tumours received intravenous SHR-1210 at 60 mg, 200 mg and 400 mg (4-week interval after first dose followed by a 2-week schedule) until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. The concentration of SHR-1210 was detected for pharmacokinetics, and receptor occupancy on circulating T lymphocytes was assessed for pharmacodynamics...
May 14, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750922/legal-aspects-of-sleep-medicine-in-the-21-st-century
#11
REVIEW
Saiprakash B Venkateshiah, Romy Hoque, Nancy A Collop
Multiple manifestations of sleep disorders may interact with the law making it important to increase awareness of such interactions among clinicians. Patients with excessive sleepiness may have civil (and in some states criminal) liability if they fall asleep while driving and cause a motor vehicle accident. Employers may be held vicariously liable due to the actions of sleepy employees. Hence awareness of causes of excessive sleepiness such as sleep deprivation and OSA is increasing among trucking, railroad, and other safety sensitive occupations...
May 8, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750600/exploring-respiratory-protection-practices-for-prominent-hazards-in-healthcare-settings
#12
Kerri Wizner, Mahiyar Nasarwanji, Edward Fisher, Andrea L Steege, James M Boiano
The use of respiratory protection, an important component of personal protective equipment (PPE) in healthcare, is dependent on the hazard and environmental conditions in the workplace. This requires the employer and healthcare worker (HCW) to be knowledgeable about potential exposures and their respective protective measures. However, the use of respirators is inconsistent in healthcare settings, potentially putting HCWs at risk for illness or injury. To better understand respirator use, barriers, and influences, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Health and Safety Practices Survey of Healthcare Workers provided an opportunity to examine self-reported use of respirators and surgical masks for targeted hazards...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746723/postincident-support-for-healthcare-workers-experiencing-occupational-violence-and-aggression
#13
Tracey Shea, Brian Cooper, Helen De Cieri, Cathy Sheehan, Ross Donohue, Sarah Lindsay
PURPOSE: To investigate the relative contributions of workplace type, occupational violence and aggression (OVA) strategies and interventions along with perceptions of the occupational health and safety (OHS) environment on the likelihood of receiving postincident support following the experience of OVA. DESIGN: We used a cross-sectional study design with an online survey to collect data from employees in nursing and midwifery in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Survey data collected from 3,072 members of the Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation (Victorian branch) were analyzed using logistic regression...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743786/awareness-of-occupational-hazards-and-associated-factors-among-automobile-repair-artisans-in-kathmandu-metropolitan-city-nepal
#14
Sujan B Marahatta, Sanju Gautam, Grish Paudel, Uday N Yadav
Background: An occupational hazard contributes to severe health problems among workers due to unhygienic conditions and lack of safety at the workplace. Economic growth and productivity can be well achieved by promoting health, safety, and improved quality workplace. Aims: To assess the knowledge of occupational hazards, use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and the factors associated with awareness on occupational hazards among automobile repair artisans in Kathmandu, Nepal...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741460/applying-a-health-action-model-to-predict-and-improve-healthy-behaviors-in-coal-miners
#15
Mohammad Vahedian-Shahroodi, Hadi Tehrani, Faeze Mohammadi, Mahdi Gholian-Aval, Nooshin Peyman
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important ways to prevent work-related diseases in occupations such as mining is to promote healthy behaviors among miners. This study aimed to predict and promote healthy behaviors among coal miners by using a health action model (HAM). METHOD: The study was conducted on 200 coal miners in Iran in two steps. In the first step, a descriptive study was implemented to determine predictive constructs and effectiveness of HAM on behavioral intention...
May 1, 2018: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739433/-because-if-we-talk-about-health-issues-first-it-is-easier-to-talk-about-human-trafficking-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-on-health-needs-and-service-provision-among-migrant-and-trafficked-fishermen-in-the-mekong
#16
Nicola S Pocock, Reena Tadee, Kanokwan Tharawan, Wansiri Rongrongmuang, Brett Dickson, Soksreymom Suos, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking in the fishing industry or "sea slavery" in the Greater Mekong Subregion is reported to involve some of the most extreme forms of exploitation and abuse. A largely unregulated sector, commercial fishing boats operate in international waters far from shore and outside of national jurisdiction, where workers are commonly subjected to life-threatening risks. Yet, research on the health needs of trafficked fishermen is sparse. This paper describes abuses, occupational hazards, physical and mental health and post-trafficking well-being among a systematic consecutive sample of 275 trafficked fishermen using post-trafficking services in Thailand and Cambodia...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735749/examining-lung-cancer-risks-across-different-industries-and-occupations-in-ontario-canada-the-establishment-of-the-occupational-disease-surveillance-system
#17
James K H Jung, Saul G Feinstein, Luis Palma Lazgare, Jill S Macleod, Victoria H Arrandale, Christopher B McLeod, Alice Peter, Paul A Demers
BACKGROUND: The Occupational Disease Surveillance System (ODSS) was established in Ontario, Canada by linking a cohort of workers with data created from Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) claims to administrative health databases. The aim of this study was to use ODSS to identify high-risk industry and occupation groups for lung cancer in Ontario. METHODS: Workers in the WSIB lost time claims database were linked to the Ontario Cancer Registry using subjects' health insurance numbers, name, sex, birthdate and death date (if applicable)...
May 7, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734927/evaluation-of-potential-biomarkers-of-exposure-to-crystalline-silica-a-case-study-in-an-insulator-manufacturer
#18
Hamzeh Mohammadi, Somayeh Farhang Dehghan, Alireza Tahamtan, Farideh Golbabaei
The purpose of this study was to examine the potential determinants of serum neopterin, malondialdehyde (MDA), and erythrocyte glutathione (GSH) as potential markers of oxidative stress, resulting in cellular immune response to inhaled silica particles. This descriptive analytical study was conducted on two groups of exposed workers ( n = 55) and unexposed office workers ( n = 38) of an insulator manufacturing plant. The sampling of airborne silica in the breathing zone of participants was done on the basis of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Method 7601...
January 1, 2018: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733036/a-systematic-review-of-lost-time-injuries-in-the-global-mining-industry
#19
Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia, Basem Gohar, Jennifer Casole, Carla Chidu, Jennifer Dumond, Alicia McDougall, Behnam Nowrouzi-Kia
BACKGROUND: Mining is a hazardous occupation with elevated rates of lost-time injury and disability. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is twofold: 1) To identify the type of lost-time injuries in the mining workforce, regardless of the kind of mining and 2) To examine the antecedent factors to the occupational injury (lost-time injuries). METHODS: We identified and extracted primary papers related to lost-time injuries in the mining sector by conducting a systematic search of the electronic literature in the eight health and related databases...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731166/insect-food-allergy-and-allergens
#20
Steffie de Gier, Kitty Verhoeckx
Insects represent an alternative for meat and fish in satisfying the increasing demand for sustainable sources of nutrition. Approximately two billion people globally consume insects. They are particularly popular in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. Most research on insect allergy has focussed on occupational or inhalation allergy. Research on insect food safety, including allergenicity, is therefore of great importance. The objective of this review is to provide an overview of cases reporting allergy following insect ingestion, studies on food allergy to insects, proteins involved in insect allergy including cross-reactive proteins, and the possibility to alter the allergenic potential of insects by food processing and digestion...
May 3, 2018: Molecular Immunology
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