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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140640/using-workers-compensation-claims-data-to-characterize-occupational-injuries-in-the-commercial-grain-elevator-industry
#1
Sai K Ramaswamy, Gretchen A Mosher
Workplace injuries in the grain handling industry are common, yet little research has characterized worker injuries in grain elevators across all hazard types. Learning from past injuries is essential for preventing future occurrences, but the lack of injury information for the grain handling industry hinders this effort. The present study addresses this knowledge gap by using data from over 7000 workers' compensation claims reported from 2008 to 2016 by commercial grain handling facilities in the U.S. to characterize injury costs and severity...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140634/combustibility-determination-for-cotton-gin-dust-and-almond-huller-dust
#2
Sidney E Hughs, Phillip J Wakelyn
It has been documented that some dusts generated while processing agricultural products, such as grain and sugar, can constitute combustible dust hazards. After a catastrophic dust explosion in a sugar refinery in 2008, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) initiated action to develop a mandatory standard to comprehensively address the fire and explosion hazards of combustible dusts. Cotton fiber and related materials from cotton ginning, in loose form, can support smoldering combustion if ignited by an outside source...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140632/grain-entrapment-pressure-on-the-torso-can-you-breathe-while-buried-in-grain
#3
Kevin G Moore, Carol L Jones
The pressure applied to the chest and back of a simulated grain entrapment victim was measured. Pressure sensors were attached to the chest and back of a manikin that was buried in grain in the vertical position. Measurements were made in four grain types at four grain depths ranging from the top of the manikin's shoulders to 0.61 m (24 in.) over the head. The pressure ranged from 1.6 to 4.0 kPa (0.23 to 0.57 psi). Based on available physiological information, this amount of pressure is unlikely to limit the respiration of an otherwise healthy adult male victim...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136129/comparison-of-respirable-mass-concentrations-measured-by-a-personal-dust-monitor-and-a-personal-dataram-to-gravimetric-measurements
#4
Andrew Halterman, Sinan Sousan, Thomas M Peters
In 2016, the Mine Safety and Health Administration required the use of continuous monitors to measure respirable dust in mines and better protect miner health. The Personal Dust Monitor, PDM3700, has met stringent performance criteria for this purpose. In a laboratory study, respirable mass concentrations measured with the PDM3700 and a photometer (personal DataRam, pDR-1500) were compared to those measured gravimetrically for five aerosols of varying refractive index and density (diesel exhaust fume, welding fume, coal dust, Arizona road dust (ARD), and salt [NaCl] aerosol) at target concentrations of 0...
November 9, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135839/patterns-of-opioid-prescribing-and-predictors-of-chronic-opioid-use-in-an-industrial-cohort-2003-to-2013
#5
Mellisa A Pensa, Deron H Galusha, Linda F Cantley
OBJECTIVE: To appreciate the impact of the opioid epidemic in workers, we described opioid prescription patterns in a US industrial cohort over a 10-year period and assessed predictors of chronic prescription. METHODS: A multiyear (2003 to 2013) cross-sectional analysis of employer-sponsored health care claims for enrolled workers (N: 21,357 to 44,769) was performed. RESULTS: The proportion of workers prescribed opioids nearly doubled in the 10-year period...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135200/overview-of-silica-related-clusters-in-the-united-states-will-fracking-operations-become-the-next-cluster
#6
M Thomas Quail
Silicosis is the oldest know occupational pulmonary disease. It is a progressive disease and any level of exposure to respirable crystalline silica particles or dust has the potential to develop into silicosis. Silicosis is caused by silica particles or dust entering the lungs and damaging healthy lung tissue. The damage restricts the ability to breathe. Exposure to silica increases a worker’s risk of developing cancer or tuberculosis. This special report will provide background history of silicosis in the U...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132257/risk-factors-for-non-fatal-occupational-injuries-among-construction-workers-a-case-control-study
#7
E Khashaba, M El-Helaly, A H El-Gilany, S M Motawei, S Foda
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse is a serious problem, because it affects both workers and young people. Prevalence and consequences of cannabis abuse among construction workers in particular are not well studied in Egypt. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between non-fatal occupational injuries among construction workers and their demographic and occupational factors and to assess the frequency of cannabis abuse and its relationship to injury severity and workdays lost...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132062/risk-of-early-onset-prostate-cancer-associated-with-occupation-in-the-nordic-countries
#8
Kathryn Hughes Barry, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Michael C R Alavanja, Gabriella Andreotti, Aaron Blair, Johnni Hansen, Kristina Kjærheim, Stella Koutros, Elsebeth Lynge, Pär Sparèn, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Elisabete Weiderpass, Sonja I Berndt, Eero Pukkala
BACKGROUND: Early-onset prostate cancer is often more aggressive and may have a different aetiology than later-onset prostate cancer, but has been relatively little studied to date. We evaluated occupation in relation to early- and later-onset prostate cancer in a large pooled study. METHODS: We used occupational information from census data in five Nordic countries from 1960 to 1990. We identified prostate cancer cases diagnosed from 1961 to 2005 by linkage of census information to national cancer registries and calculated standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) separately for men aged 30-49 and those aged 50 or older...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131608/metabolism-and-photolysis-of-2-4-dinitroanisole-in-arabidopsis
#9
Hunter W Schroer, Xueshu Li, Hans-Joachim Lehmler, Craig L Just
New insensitive munitions explosives, including 2,4-dinitroanisole (DNAN), are replacing traditional explosive compounds to protect soldiers and simplify transport logistics. Despite the occupational safety benefits of these new explosives, feasible strategies for cleaning up DNAN from soil and water have not been developed. Here, we evaluate the metabolism of DNAN by the model plant Arabidopsis to determine whether phytoremediation can be used to clean up contaminated sites. Furthermore, we evaluate the role of photodegradation of DNAN and its plant metabolites within Arabidopsis leaves to determine the potential impact of photolysis on the phytoremediation of contaminants...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127458/safety-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-single-rising-doses-of-bi-655064-an-antagonistic-anti-cd40-antibody-in-healthy-subjects-a-potential-novel-treatment-for-autoimmune-diseases
#10
Fredrik N Albach, Frank Wagner, Andreas Hüser, Julia Igel, David Joseph, James Hilbert, Corinna Schoelch, Steven J Padula, Jürgen Steffgen
PURPOSE: The CD40-CD40L pathway is a promising treatment target for autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and lupus nephritis. The safety, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of BI 655064, a novel humanised antagonistic anti-CD40 monoclonal antibody, were investigated in this first-in-human trial. METHODS: Healthy male subjects (n = 72) were randomised 3:1, within each BI 655064 dose group, to single intravenous (IV; 0...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126176/hand-arm-vibration-in-orthopaedic-surgery-a-neglected-risk
#11
F Mahmood, K B Ferguson, J Clarke, K Hill, E B Macdonald, D J M Macdonald
Background: Hand-arm vibration syndrome is an occupational disease caused by exposure to hand-arm transmitted vibration. The Health and Safety Executive has set limits for vibration exposure, including an exposure action value (EAV), where steps should be taken to reduce exposure, and an exposure limit value (ELV), beyond which vibrating equipment must not be used for the rest of the working day. Aims: To measure hand-arm transmitted vibration among orthopaedic surgeons, who routinely use hand-operated saws...
November 6, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122421/evaluating-strategies-for-reducing-scattered-radiation-in-fixed-imaging-hybrid-operating-suites
#12
Claire Miller, Daniel Kendrick, Andrew Shevitz, Ann Kim, Henry Baele, David Jordan, Vikram S Kashyap
OBJECTIVE: High-resolution fixed C-arm fluoroscopic systems allow high-quality endovascular imaging but come at a cost of greater scatter radiation generation and increased occupational exposure for surgeons. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of two methods in reducing scattered radiation exposure. METHODS: There were 164 endovascular cases analyzed in three phases. In phase 1 (P1), baseline radiation exposure was calculated. In phase 2 (P2), staff used real-time radiation dose monitoring (dosimetry badges [RaySafe; Unfors, Hopkinton, Mass])...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122100/occupational-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-associated-with-diesel-motor-operation-in-an-air-raid-shelter-in-june-2015-jinan-city-china-an-epidemiological-investigation
#13
Liang Liang Cui, Jing Wen Zhou, Xing Yi Geng, Xin Wei Li, Zhong Liu, George A Conway, Ji Zhang
Occupational carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning related to diesel motor fumes in an air-raid shelter (ARS) was first identified in Jinan City, China, in June 2015. A total of 17 cases were identified, including 14 possible cases of firemen and 3 confirmed cases of water channel clean-up workers. The overall attack rate (AR) of firemen was 42% (14/33). The firemen had a significantly higher AR with a longer exposure and more protracted time of rescue in the ARS (P < 0.05). All the cases stated that they did not realize the potentially high level of exposure to CO in the ARS...
October 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117858/measuring-improvement-in-knowledge-of-drug-policy-reforms-following-a-police-education-program-in-tijuana-mexico
#14
J Arredondo, S A Strathdee, J Cepeda, D Abramovitz, I Artamonova, E Clairgue, E Bustamante, M L Mittal, T Rocha, A Bañuelos, H O Olivarria, M Morales, G Rangel, C Magis, L Beletsky
BACKGROUND: Mexico's 2009 "narcomenudeo reform" decriminalized small amounts of drugs, shifting some drug law enforcement to the states and mandating drug treatment diversion instead of incarceration. Data from Tijuana suggested limited implementation of this harm reduction-oriented policy. We studied whether a police education program (PEP) improved officers' drug and syringe policy knowledge, and aimed to identify participant characteristics associated with improvement of drug policy knowledge...
November 8, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117804/a-systematic-review-of-occupational-health-and-safety-business-cases
#15
Geunjae Lee
Business cases are arguments developed to secure management commitment and approval for investment in an intervention. This systematic review evaluated 12 experimental and quasi-experimental studies on occupational health and safety interventions (OHSI) in various settings. The search engines used in this systematic review include PubMed, CINAHL, and Scopus. A cost and benefit analysis of OHSI was completed at the organizational level in these studies. The focus of this analysis included sample, design, theoretical framework, interventional strategies, and threats to validity and outcomes...
November 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114898/adapting-the-t0-t4-implementation-science-model-to-occupational-health-and-safety-in-agriculture-forestry-and-fishing-a-scoping-review
#16
REVIEW
Pamela J Tinc, Anne Gadomski, Julie A Sorensen, Lars Weinehall, Paul Jenkins, Kristina Lindvall
BACKGROUND: Despite much research to develop life-saving innovations for the agriculture, forestry, and fishing workforce, these populations continue to face the highest fatal and non-fatal injury rates in the United States, as many of these solutions are not fully adopted. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted to provide an overview of research to practice efforts in this field. The language used to describe these initiatives, the utility of the NIH T0-T4 model, and the progress along the research to practice continuum were examined...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113118/sleep-health-and-wellness-at-work-a-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Nicola Magnavita, Sergio Garbarino
Many occupational factors may interfere with sleep. Sleep disturbances can, in turn, endanger the health and safety of workers. This rapid review of the literature identifies the main factors that alter the quantity and quality of sleep, indicates the effects these alterations have on the wellbeing of workers and suggests some health promotion measures.
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112631/economic-evaluation-of-occupational-safety-and-health-interventions-from-the-employer-perspective-a-systematic-review
#18
Aikaterini Grimani, Gunnar Bergström, Martha Isabel Riaño Casallas, Emmanuel Aboagye, Irene Jensen, Malin Lohela-Karlsson
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of occupational safety and health interventions from the employer perspective. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search (2005-2016) in five electronic databases was conducted. Pre-2005 studies were identified from the reference lists of previous studies and systematic reviews, which have similar objective to those of this search. RESULTS: A total of nineteen RCT and quasi-experimental studies were included, targeting diverse health problems in a number of settings...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111523/the-synthesis-crystal-structure-and-thermal-properties-of-an-energetic-compound-the-hydrated-azanium-salt-of-3-6-bis-1h-1-2-3-4-tetrazol-5-yl-amino-1-2-4-5-tetrazine
#19
Qing Liu, Xiang Chen, Wenli Cao, Jin Yang, Wenhui Zhang, Yinghui Ren, Haixia Ma, Fengqi Zhao, Rongzu Hu
The energetic ionic salt bis(1-aminoguanidin-2-ium) 5,5'-[1,2,4,5-tetrazine-3,6-diylbis(azanediyl)]bis(1H-1,2,3,4-tetrazol-1-ide) dihydrate, 2CH7N4(+)·C4H2N14(2-)·2H2O, (I), with a high nitrogen content, has been synthesized and examined by elemental analysis, Fourier transform IR spectrometry, (1)H NMR spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray crystallography. Compound (I) crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c with two water molecules. However, the water molecules are disordered about an inversion centre and were modelled as half-occupancy molecules in the structure...
November 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109357/occupational-exposure-to-electromagnetic-fields-from-medical-sources
#20
Rianne Stam, Sachiko Yamaguchi-Sekino
High exposures to electromagnetic fields (EMF) can occur near certain medical devices in the hospital environment. A systematic assessment of medical occupational EMF exposure could help to clarify where more attention to occupational safety may be needed. This paper seeks to identify sources of high exposure for hospital workers and compare the published exposure data to occupational limits in the European Union. A systematic search for peer-reviewed publications was conducted via PubMed and Scopus databases...
November 3, 2017: Industrial Health
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