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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906856/radiation-exposure-and-lung-disease-in-today-s-nuclear-world
#1
Steven D Deas, Nikhil Huprikar, Andrew Skabelund
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ionizing radiation poses important health risks. The per capita annual dose rate has increased in the United States and there is increasing concern for the risks posed by low-dose occupational exposure among workers in nuclear industries and healthcare. Recent nuclear accidents and concern for terrorism have heightened concern for catastrophic, high-dose ionizing radiation exposure. This review will highlight recent research into the risks to lung health posed by ionizing radiation exposure and into potential treatments...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906533/walking-working-surfaces-and-personal-protective-equipment-fall-protection-systems-final-rule
#2
(no author information available yet)
OSHA is revising and updating its general industry standards on walking-working surfaces to prevent and reduce workplace slips, trips, and falls, as well as other injuries and fatalities associated with walking-working surface hazards. The final rule includes revised and new provisions addressing, for example, fixed ladders; rope descent systems; fall protection systems and criteria, including personal fall protection systems; and training on fall hazards and fall protection systems. In addition, the final rule adds requirements on the design, performance, and use of personal fall protection systems...
November 18, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905189/occupational-violence-and-aggression-experienced-by-nursing-and-caring-professionals
#3
Tracey Shea, Cathy Sheehan, Ross Donohue, Brian Cooper, Helen De Cieri
PURPOSE: To examine the extent and source of occupational violence and aggression (OVA) experienced by nursing and caring professionals. This study also examines the relative contributions of demographic characteristics and workplace and individual safety factors in predicting OVA. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design with data collected using an online survey of employees in the nursing and caring professions in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Survey data collected from 4,891 members of the Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation (Victorian branch) were analyzed using logistic regression...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903012/-shift-work-among-men-and-women-on-the-threshold-to-higher-working-age-working-conditions-and-health-status
#4
C Leser, A Tisch, S Tophoven
Background: The number of older employees in shift and night work has increased significantly in recent years. Furthermore, the proportion of women in shift and night work has increased markedly. This is due to the aging workforce and the expansion of shift work in the tertiary sector. Previous research shows that shift work is often associated with health risks. Against this background, the aim of the present study is to examine the situation of working men and women on the threshold to higher working age with regard to the relationship between shift work and physical health...
November 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894687/reprint-of-biomonitoring-of-genotoxic-effects-for-human-exposure-to-nanomaterials-the-challenge-ahead
#5
REVIEW
Laetitia Gonzalez, Micheline Kirsch-Volders
Exposures to nanomaterials (NMs), with their specific physico-chemical characteristics, are likely to increase over the next years, as their production for industrial, consumer and medical applications is steadily rising. Therefore, there is an urgent need for the implementation of human biomonitoring studies of genotoxic effects after NM exposures in order to monitor and assure safety for workers and the general population. In this review, most commonly used biomarkers of early genetic effects were analyzed for their adequacy after NM exposures...
October 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893865/the-decrease-in-traumatic-brain-injury-epidemics-deriving-from-road-traffic-collision-following-strengthened-legislative-measures-in-france
#6
Thomas Lieutaud, Blandine Gadegbeku, Amina Ndiaye, Mireille Chiron, Vivian Viallon
BACKGROUND: Since 2002, France has been strengthening legislation on road traffic. This study is intended to evaluate the changes in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) incidence and mortality resulting from Road Traffic Collision (RTC) in the two 6-year periods before and after 2002. METHODS: We used a Registry of all RTC casualties in the Rhône Department of France. Each casualty was coded according to the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS). The study describes changes in demographic variables, TBI (AIS ≥ 2) incidence and mortality, other body lesions (AIS ≥ 3) associated with TBI, road user types, seatbelt and helmet wearing...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893288/analyzing-injury-severity-of-bus-passengers-with-different-movements
#7
Duo Li, Yifei Zhao, Qiang Bai, Bei Zhou, Hongbiao Ling
OBJECTIVE: Though public transport vehicles are rarely involved in mass casualty accidents, when they are, the number of injuries and fatalities is usually high because of large passenger capacity. Of the few studies that have been conducted on bus safety, the majority focused on vehicle safety features, road environmental factors, as well as driver characteristics. Nevertheless, few studies have attempted to investigate the underlying risk factors related to bus occupants. This paper presents an investigation aimed at identifying the risk factors affecting injury severity of bus passengers with different movements...
November 28, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893255/the-relationship-between-sleep-and-work-a-meta-analysis
#8
Brett Litwiller, Lori Anderson Snyder, William D Taylor, Logan M Steele
Sleep has tremendous importance to organizations because of its relationship with employee performance, safety, health, and attitudes. Moreover, sleep is a malleable behavior that may be improved by individual and organizational changes. Despite the consequential and modifiable nature of sleep, little consensus exists regarding its conceptualization, and how the choice of conceptualization may impact relationships with organizational antecedents and outcomes. To offer a stronger foundation for future theory and research about employee sleep, this study calculated meta-analytic correlations of sleep quality and sleep quantity from 152 primary studies of sleep among workers in organizations...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892832/pushing-and-pulling-an-assessment-tool-for-ohs-practitioners
#9
Carl Mikael Lind
A tool has been developed for supporting practitioners when assessing manual pushing and pulling operations based on an initiative by two global companies in the manufacturing industry. The aim of the tool is to support occupational health and safety practitioners in risk assessment and risk management of pushing and pulling operations in the manufacturing and logistics industries. It is based on a nine-multiplier equation that includes a wide range of factors affecting an operator's health risk and capacity in pushing and pulling...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891239/two-cases-of-methyl-alcohol-intoxication-by-sub-chronic-inhalation-and-dermal-exposure-during-aluminum-cnc-cutting-in-a-small-sized-subcontracted-factory
#10
Jia Ryu, Key Hwan Lim, Dong-Ryeol Ryu, Hyang Woon Lee, Ji Young Yun, Seoung-Wook Kim, Ji-Hoon Kim, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Hyunjoo Kim
BACKGROUND: Methyl alcohol poisoning has been mainly reported in community. Two cases of methyl alcohol poisoning occurred in a small-sized subcontracted factory which manufactured smartphone parts in Korea. CASE PRESENTATION: One young female patient presented with dyspnea and visual disturbance. Another young male patient presented with visual disturbance and myalgia. They treated with sodium bicarbonate infusion and hemodialysis for metabolic acidosis. In addition, he received ethyl alcohol per oral treatment...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891237/the-impact-of-fire-suppression-tasks-on-firefighter-hydration-a-critical-review-with-consideration-of-the-utility-of-reported-hydration-measures
#11
REVIEW
Adam Walker, Rodney Pope, Robin Marc Orr
BACKGROUND: Firefighting is a highly stressful occupation with unique physical challenges, apparel and environments that increase the potential for dehydration. Dehydration leaves the firefighter at risk of harm to their health, safety and performance. The purpose of this review was to critically analyse the current literature investigating the impact of fighting 'live' fires on firefighter hydration. METHODS: A systematic search was performed of four electronic databases for relevant published studies investigating the impact of live fire suppression on firefighter hydration...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891236/morbidity-patterns-among-the-welders-of-eastern-nepal-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Shyam Sundar Budhathoki, Suman Bahadur Singh, Surya Raj Niraula, Paras K Pokharel
BACKGROUND: Welding process has many hazards that the welders are exposed to resulting in numbers of health effects and diseases. Safety measures and practices among welders are important ways of preventing or reducing the health hazards associated with this occupation. We conducted this study to find out the morbidity patterns among the welders working in eastern Nepal. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted among 300 welders using semi structured questionnaire...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891232/prevalence-of-transfusion-transmissible-infections-in-blood-donors-of-pakistan
#13
Aisha Arshad, Munira Borhany, Nida Anwar, Imran Naseer, Rehan Ansari, Samson Boota, Naveena Fatima, Mustansir Zaidi, Tahir Shamsi
BACKGROUND: Transfusion-transmitted infections threaten the safety of patients requiring blood transfusion, which in turn imposes serious challenges for the availability of safe blood products that are still affordable in health care systems with limited resources. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of transfusion-transmitted infections in blood donors and to evaluate the demographic characteristics of reactive and non-reactive blood donors. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted at our institute in Karachi, Pakistan...
2016: BMC Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890156/physiological-and-perceptual-effects-of-a-cooling-garment-during-simulated-industrial-work-in-the-heat
#14
Cory L Butts, Cody R Smith, Matthew S Ganio, Brendon P McDermott
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate physiological and perceptual responses using a phase change cooling (PCC) garment during simulated work in the heat. METHODS: Twenty males wearing compression undergarments, coverall suit, gloves, and hard-hat, completed two randomly assigned trials (with PCC inserts or control, CON) of simulated industrial tasks in the heat (34.2 ± 0.05 °C, 54.7 ± 0.3%RH). Trials consisted of two 20 min work bouts, a maximum performance bout, and 10 min of recovery...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885587/assaults-against-u-s-law-enforcement-officers-in-the-line-of-duty-situational-context-and-predictors-of-lethality
#15
Cassandra K Crifasi, Keshia M Pollack, Daniel W Webster
BACKGROUND: Research on occupational safety of law enforcement officers (LEOs) has primarily focused on fatal assaults. Nonfatal assaults, however, have received little attention. The goal of this study was to describe the situational contexts in which LEOs are assaulted, and compare these contexts and risks between fatal and nonfatal assaults in the U.S. Analyzing both types of assaults provides a more complete understanding of occupational safety and opportunities for intervention. METHODS: This study includes a descriptive epidemiology of fatal and nonfatal assaults of LEOs in the U...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884937/implementation-of-icrp-116-dose-conversion-coefficients-for-reconstructing-organ-dose-in-a-radiation-compensation-program
#16
Timothy D Taulbee, Keith A McCartney, Richard Traub, Matthew H Smith, James W Neton
Since 2000, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has used dose conversion coefficients published by the International Commission on Radiation Protection in report 74 (ICRP 74) to determine organ dose from external radiation sources. In 2010, the ICRP issued publication 116 using more realistic phantoms than ICRP 74. NIOSH has developed a Monte Carlo method to sample the energy-organ-specific distribution of the ICRP 116 conversion coefficients to determine the organ dose and the associated uncertainty...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884191/gender-differences-in-load-carriage-injuries-of-australian-army-soldiers
#17
Robin Marc Orr, Rodney Pope
BACKGROUND: With the removal of gender restrictions and the changing nature of warfare potentially increasing female soldier exposure to heavy military load carriage, the aim of this research was to determine relative risks and patterns of load carriage related injuries in female compared to male soldiers. METHODS: The Australian Defence Force Occupational Health, Safety and Compensation Analysis and Reporting workplace injury database was searched to identify all reported load carriage injuries...
November 25, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882801/rapid-assessment-of-the-reactogenicity-of-a-2016-2017-seasonal-influenza-vaccine-results-from-a-feasibility-study
#18
Anke L Stuurman, Thomas Verstraeten, Antoon De Schryver
BACKGROUND: ​​The European Medicines Agency (EMA) calls for a strategy for enhanced safety surveillance of seasonal influenza vaccines. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the feasibility of collecting reactogenicity data within one month of the start of the vaccination campaign in Belgium. METHODS: One hundred subjects aged 18 to 65 years who had received inactivated seasonal influenza vaccine in occupational setting were enrolled. For 7 days after vaccination, subjects received a daily SMS with a link to a web-based questionnaire where reactogenicity events and their severity were solicited...
December 1, 2016: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881793/a-cytogenetic-biomonitoring-of-industrial-radiographers-occupationally-exposed-to-low-levels-of-ionizing-radiation-by-using-cbmn-assay
#19
Mahsa Shakeri, Farideh Zakeri, Vahid Changizi, Mohammad Reza Rajabpour, Mohammad Reza Farshidpour
Industrial radiography is the process of using either gamma-emitting radionuclide sources or X-ray machines to examine the safety of industrial materials. The average annual effective dose in industrial radiography is one of the highest among radiation workers. The aim of this study was to investigate the cytogenetic effects of ionizing radiation in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of 60 industrial radiographers and 40 non-exposed individuals as the control group by using cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay...
November 23, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880833/prioritizing-risk-in-preparation-for-a-demonstration-project-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-of-oral-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-among-female-sex-workers-in-south-india
#20
Sushena Reza-Paul, Lisa Lazarus, Monika Doshi, Syed Hafeez Ur Rahman, Manjula Ramaiah, Raviprakash Maiya, Venugopal Ms, K T Venukumar, Sundar Sundararaman, Marissa Becker, Stephen Moses, Robert Lorway
BACKGROUND: HIV prevalence among female sex workers (FSWs) in India remains well above the national average. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), a new HIV prevention technology, may help to reduce HIV incidence, but there is a dearth of research that can inform the potential scale-up of PrEP in India. In partnership with Ashodaya Samithi, a local sex worker collective, we conducted a feasibility study to assess acceptance of a planned PrEP demonstration project, willingness to use PrEP, and recommendations for project roll-out among FSWs in southern Karnataka...
2016: PloS One
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